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1.
Laryngoscope ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490903

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The aims were to determine health-related quality of life (HRQoL), including voice problems, dysphagia, depression, and anxiety after total laryngectomy (TL), and investigate the associations between HRQoL and the late effects. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 172 participants having received a TL 1.6 to 18.1 years ago for laryngeal/hypopharyngeal cancer filled in the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire, Core and Head and Neck module (EORTC QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ-H&N35), Voice-Related Quality of Life questionnaire (V-RQOL), M.D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) questionnaires. RESULTS: Participants scored worse than normative reference populations on all scales/items of the EORTC questionnaires, except one, and almost half of the scales/items showed a clinically relevant difference. Moderate/severe dysphagia was present in 46%, moderate/severe voice problems in 57%, depression in 16%, and anxiety in 20%. Decreasing age, increasing numbers of comorbidities, increasing voice problems, increasing dysphagia, and increasing depression symptoms, were associated with a lowered EORTC QLQ-C30 summary score. CONCLUSION: A substantial proportion of participants experienced clinically significant late effects and increasing levels of these were associated with a lowered HRQoL. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Laryngoscope, 2021.

2.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 53: 101985, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275744

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients treated surgically for head and neck cancer may experience detrimental early and late effects of their treatment and are in need of rehabilitation post treatment to alleviate symptoms and effects. This study aimed to explore nurse-patient interactions during rehabilitation consultations assessing needs of patients in order to understand how nurses and patients experienced the consultation, the extent to which patients experienced being involved in the needs assessment and how patients experienced the information delivered. METHODS: Findings in this study drew on three data sources: 15 observations of nurse-patient interactions during rehabilitation consultations; 15 individual patient interviews and a focus group interview with nurses. Observations and individual patient interviews took place at three different time points during the patient trajectory. The method and analysis applied Interpretive Description and Systematic Text Condensation. Analysis was performed across all three data sources and three time points. RESULTS: Four interrelated themes were identified, showing that conducting rehabilitation nursing consultations and actively involving patients is a complex process. The themes revealed the complexity: expectations for nurse-patient interaction differ; challenges of building rapport; barriers to adequately identifying rehabilitation needs; and factors inhibiting communication of advice and recommendations. Uncovering emotional needs were especially challenging. Patient further experienced an information overload, especially just prior to discharge. CONCLUSION: Nurse-patient interaction in the rehabilitation consultation is complex and involves many different interrelated aspects that require the nurse to have the necessary interpersonal and professional skills to support the patient to enhance their involvement in the encounter.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Grupos Focais , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Encaminhamento e Consulta
3.
Dysphagia ; 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117531

RESUMO

The diagnosis and treatment of head and neck cancer (HNC) can have substantial impact on swallowing function, nutritional balance, physical function and quality of life (QoL). Early initiated swallowing exercises are hypothesized to improve swallowing function in HNC patients. The aim was to investigate the effects of swallowing exercises and progressive resistance training (PRT) during radiotherapy on swallowing function, physical function and QoL in patients with pharynx-, larynx-, oral cavity cancer or unknown primary compared to usual care. In a multi-centre RCT participants were assigned to (a) twice-weekly PRT and daily swallowing exercises throughout treatment or (b) usual care. Outcomes were measured at end of treatment and 2, 6 and 12 months after. Primary outcome was penetration aspiration score (PAS). Data were analysed on an "intention-to-treat" basis by GEE logistic regression model, linear mixed effects model and cox regression. Of 371 invited HNC patients, 240 (65%) enrolled. Five participants were excluded. At 12 months follow-up, 59 (25%) participants were lost. Analyses showed significant effect on mouth opening, QoL, depression and anxiety at 12 months when comparing intervention to non-active controls. The trial found no effect on swallowing safety in HNC undergoing radiotherapy, but several positive effects were found on secondary outcomes when comparing to non-active controls. The intervention period may have been too short, and the real difference between groups is too small. Nevertheless, the need to identify long-lasting intervention to slow down or avoid functional deteriorations is ever more crucial as the surviving HNC population is growing.

4.
Acta Oncol ; 60(9): 1083-1090, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043480

RESUMO

AIM/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to systematically review the literature on the impact of delay in diagnosis and treatment of oral cavity cancer. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were systematically searched for articles reporting impact of delay in diagnosis and treatment on cancer-stage and survival of oral cavity cancer. Studies comprising at least ten patients, and published since the year 2000, were included. RESULTS: Sixteen studies (n = 45,001, range: 62-18,677 per study, 83% men), from Australia, Asia, Europe, North America and South America, met the inclusion criteria. Eleven studies (n = 1,460) examined delay in diagnosis, while five studies (n = 43,541) reported delay in treatment. Eight of the eleven studies, examining delay in diagnosis (n = 1,220), analyzed the correlation between delay in diagnosis and tumor stage at diagnosis. Three studies found a significant correlation between patient delay and advanced stage at diagnosis (p < 0.05), whereas three other studies did not. The studies reporting a significant correlation were from Asian countries, whereas the three studies that did not find a correlation were from other continents. Studies reporting on professional delay and total diagnostic delay, generally, did not find a significant correlation with advanced cancer at diagnosis. Time to treatment (TTI), defined as time from diagnosis to treatment, was found significantly correlated with survival in three studies (p < 0.01, p < 0.001, p < 0.05), and nonsignificant in two studies. CONCLUSION: A significant correlation between patient delay and advanced stage cancer was reported in Asian studies only, while professional delay and total diagnostic delay were generally found to be non-correlated with advanced stage cancer at diagnosis. TTI was in some studies reported to be correlated with poorer outcome, while other studies did not report a correlation. One study presented that there was no clear advantage in overall survival (OS) for patients treated within 30 days, compared to patients treated between 30 and 44 days.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Tardio , Neoplasias Bucais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tempo para o Tratamento
5.
Acta Otolaryngol ; 141(6): 646-648, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain and impairment are known complications to neck dissections (NDs) as part of the surgical management of head and neck cancer (HNC). The Neck Dissection Impairment Index (NDII) is a validated shoulder function-related quality-of-life instrument and an important patient reported outcome measure after head-neck surgery. The correct translation of questionnaires into other languages is important for both individual assessment of patients and future research. AIMS: Translation of the NDII into Danish. METHODS: The NDII was translated from English into Danish using forward and backward translational procedures. Pilot-testing was performed on the pre-final version of the translated questionnaire. RESULTS: Pilot-testing found the translation easily comprehensible, but a few changes were made to improve language flow. CONCLUSIONS: NDII was successfully translated into Danish using forward and backward translations. Further validation on a larger scale is warranted. SIGNIFICANCE: NDII is an important aid to identifying patients with impairments and optimize the aftercare following ND for HNC. Translation of validated questionnaires into other languages is important for future research and international comparison of surgery outcome.

6.
Eur J Radiol ; 139: 109668, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848777

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Tumor biopsy cannot detect heterogeneity and an association between heterogeneity in functional imaging and molecular biology will have an impact on both diagnostics and treatment possibilities. PURPOSE: Multiparametric imaging can provide 3D information on functional aspects of a tumor and may be suitable for predicting intratumor heterogeneity. Here, we investigate the correlation between intratumor heterogeneity assessed with multiparametric imaging and multiple-biopsy immunohistochemistry. METHODS: In this prospective study, patients with primary or recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) underwent PET/MRI scanning prior to surgery. Tumors were removed en bloc and six core biopsies were used for immunohistochemical (IHC) staining with a predefined list of biomarkers: p40, p53, EGFR, Ki-67, GLUT1, VEGF, Bcl-2, CAIX, PD-L1. Intratumor heterogeneity of each IHC biomarker was quantified by calculating the coefficient of variation (CV) in tumor proportion score among the six core biopsies within each tumor lesion. The heterogeneity in the imaging biomarkers was assessed by calculating CV in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-uptake, diffusion and perfusion. Concordance of the two variance measures was quantified using Spearman's rank correlation RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients with a total of 33 lesions were included. There was considerable heterogeneity in most of the IHC biomarkers especially in GLUT1, PD-L1, Ki-67, CAIX and p53, however we only observed a correlation between the heterogeneity in GLUT1 and p53 and between Ki-67 and EGFR. Heterogeneity in FDG uptake and diffusion correlated with heterogeneity in cell density. CONCLUSION: Considerable heterogeneity of IHC biomarkers was found, however, only few and weak correlations between the studied IHC markers were observed. The studied functional imaging biomarkers showed weak associations with heterogeneity in some of the IHC biomarkers. Thus, biological heterogeneity is not a general tumor characteristic but depends on the specific biomarker or imaging modality.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Prospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
7.
Acta Otolaryngol ; 141(5): 519-530, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The maxillary swing approach was introduced three decades ago in the head and neck field providing optimal surgical exposure for tumors in the nasopharyngeal and/or the retromaxillary space. OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical experience, patient surgical morbidity and survival outcomes following the introduction of the maxillary swing approach in Denmark. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study including patients who underwent the maxillary swing approach from January 2012 - January 2020. Baseline and perioperative data, pathology, postoperative morbidity and survival outcomes were registered. RESULTS: Sixteen patients were included of which 15 had a malignant tumor with different histology, while one patient had a benign tumor. Most commonly reported short-term morbidity were trismus, cheek hypoesthesia, nasopalatal fistula, lacrimation and nasal stenosis (<3 months postoperatively) improving markedly at 12 months follow-up. For patients with malignant tumors, the 5-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates were 60% and 66.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: The maxillary swing approach was safely implemented by a multidisciplinary team at a high-volume centralized head and neck cancer center in Denmark. The procedure may be considered for salvage surgery of recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinomas and selected malignant and benign tumors located in the nasopharynx and/or retromaxillary space inaccessible by other surgical modalities.

8.
Acta Oncol ; 60(3): 333-342, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sinonasal cancer is considered a rare disease with poor survival. Its treatment has changed profoundly in recent years, primarily following the introduction of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and minimally invasive endoscopic surgery. Danish national guidelines on treatment of patients diagnosed with sinonasal carcinoma were introduced in 2007. The aim of this phase-4 study was to assess the effect of the implementation of guidelines by describing treatment outcomes in a consecutive nationwide cohort. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with sinonasal carcinoma in Denmark from 2008 to 2015 were identified in the nationwide clinical database, DAHANCA, and were followed until May 2020. Overall survival (OS) was analysed using Kaplan-Meier estimator. Cumulative incidence of locoregional failure (LRF) and disease-specific mortality (DSM) were analysed using the Aalen-Johansen estimator. Competing risks were death from other causes (DSM) and distant failure and death (LRF). Analysis of prognostic factors was performed using Cox proportional hazard analysis. Start of follow-up was time of diagnosis. The results are presented as estimates with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). RESULTS: A total of 331 patients were identified. Curatively intended treatment was performed in 264 patients (80%). Non-compliance with treatment guidelines was registered in 24 patients (9%). Non-compliance was associated with LRF (hazard ratio [HR], 2.0 [95% CI: 1.1-3.5]). Among patients qualified for curative treatment, failure occurred in 109 patients (41%), primarily at the primary tumour site (81%). Anatomical tumour site and disease stage were independent prognostic factors. The 5-year OS was 56% in patients treated with curative intent, and a combined treatment strategy showed reduced LRF (HR, 0.53 [95% CI: 0.30-0.92]) in a multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Guideline compliance and a combined treatment approach reduced the incidence of LRF and thereby increased OS. Our results confirm those of international studies. Treatment of sinonasal carcinoma remains a challenge that requires multidisciplinary team coordination.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Estudos de Coortes , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/terapia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Acta Oncol ; 60(2): 173-179, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comorbidities have shown to highly influence the outcome and risk of death of head and neck cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to examine the comorbidities among oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients, and to investigate the impact of comorbidities on overall survival (OS) and recurrence free survival (RFS). METHODS: Patients diagnosed with OSCC in Eastern Denmark in the period 2000-2014 and treated with curative intend were included. Patients data were linked to the Danish National Patients Register to identify comorbidities based on the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) at the time of diagnosis and five years after diagnosis. Each patient was age-and sex-matched in a 1:10 ratio with an age and sex matched reference group. RESULTS: A total of 1,183 patients and 11,830 controls were included. Overall this study found comorbidities to be more common among OSCC compared to the reference group both at the time of diagnosis and five years after. The 5-year OS among patients with a CCI score of zero, one, two, and three or above was 60%, 44%, 41%, and 40%, respectively. Similarly, the multivariate cox-regression analysis showed that patients with increasing CCI score also had an increasing risk of death compared to patients with no comorbidities. CONCLUSION: OSCC patients had significantly higher comorbidity burden at diagnosis and risk of developing additional comorbidities after diagnosis compared to the reference population. Survival outcomes decreased significantly with higher CCI.

10.
Cancer Med ; 10(2): 483-495, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277795

RESUMO

Functional and QoL outcomes were compared longitudinally in a cohort of patients treated for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) with primary transoral robotic surgery (TORS) or radiotherapy (RT). Forty-four patients undergoing primary TORS (n = 31) or RT (n = 13) for any stage OPSCC were included. Only low-stage disease was treated with TORS. Functional outcomes were: salivary flow rate, image-based swallowing function, and a self-reported 10-point scale comparing current swallowing function to baseline (CvB scale). QoL was assessed with European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core (EORTC QLQ-C30), Head & Neck Module (EORTC QLQ-HN35), and MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI). Shoulder impairment was assessed with Neck Dissection Impairment Index (NDII) and Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS). In the RT group, salivary flow rates had significantly declined at 12-month follow-up, with the biggest declines in QoL subscale scores recorded in the RT group for dry mouth and sticky saliva. Swallowing function on imaging studies was overall good, with no severe dysphagia within 1 year although, both treatment groups showed significant deterioration relative to baseline at the 12-month follow-up with increased DIGEST scores and pharyngeal retention. Shoulder impairment was rare at 1 year in both groups. A comprehensive examination of this cohort treated for OPSCC showed overall good functional and QoL outcomes 1 year after treatment. However, persistent impairment was seen in both groups with regards to swallowing function. In the TORS group, at 12-months follow-up, the QoL questionnaires showed worse scores in only one subscale (sticky saliva).

11.
Laryngoscope ; 131(4): 820-831, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Treatment of advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer has shifted from total laryngectomy (TL) toward laryngeal-preserving therapies due to a general perception that TL has a significantly negative impact on the individual's life. However, whether the physical impairments related to TL translate to a reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not yet been determined. Therefore, the objective of this systematic review was to determine how HRQoL is affected following TL. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane. Inclusion criteria were original studies describing quality of life following TL after larynx/hypopharynx cancer using a formally developed patient-reported questionnaire. Study quality assessment was carried out with the tool developed by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. RESULTS: Forty-six studies using 12 different questionnaires were included. The majority were cross-sectional (85%), and study quality was rated poor in 30%, fair in 30%, and good in 39% of studies. When comparing results from the four most frequently used questionnaires with normative data, we found that in more than 60% of studies, differences to the reference population were of clinical importance, with only few exceptions. CONCLUSIONS: In general, we found that people who received TL have a worse HRQoL than the male normative reference population. However, even though TL patients experience a clinically important difference in many domains when compared with normative data, their burden of symptoms is generally mild. The current review also makes it evident that despite the relatively large number of studies conducted, the strength of evidence remains weak. Laryngoscope, 131:820-831, 2021.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirurgia , Laringectomia , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos
12.
Acta Oncol ; 60(4): 491-496, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is challenging the capacity to treat patients efficiently. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of time to treatment initiation (TTI) on overall survival (OS) and recurrence free survival (RFS) for patients with primary OSCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with primary OSCC treated with curative intent at Rigshospitalet in the period 2000-2014 with known date of diagnosis and treatment initiation were included. Correlation analyses between TTI and Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), UICC stage, and year of diagnosis were performed in addition to uni- and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analyses. Further, interaction analysis of TTI and UICC stage were conducted. RESULTS: Eight hundred and sixty-two patients (64% men) with a median age at diagnosis of 62 years (range: 28-95 years) were included. The median TTI was 31 days (range: 2-137 days). Correlation analyses showed correlations between TTI and CCI, TTI and UICC stage, and TTI and year of diagnosis (rho = -0.10, p-value = <.01; rho = 0.16, p-value = <.001; rho = -0.47 p-value = <.001). Univariate analyses showed a statistically significant increase in hazard ratio for both OS and RFS with a five-day increase in TTI (HR = 1.05, 95%CI: 1.02-1.07 and HR = 1.04, 95%CI: 1.02-1.07). However, when adjusting for age, sex, smoking, UICC stage, tumor sublocation, CCI, and year of diagnosis in a multivariate analysis, the increase in HR with TTI was not statistically significant. There was no statistically significant interaction between TTI and UICC stage. CONCLUSION: Survival of OSCC patients decreased with increasing TTI, yet not statistically significant in multivariate analysis. There was no difference in the effect of TTI between patients diagnosed in low or advanced stages.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Tempo para o Tratamento
13.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 278(2): 577-616, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341909

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a European White Paper document on oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) in head and neck cancer (HNC). There are wide variations in the management of OD associated with HNC across Europe. METHODS: Experts in the management of specific aspects of OD in HNC across Europe were delegated by their professional medical and multidisciplinary societies to contribute to this document. Evidence is based on systematic reviews, consensus-based position statements, and expert opinion. RESULTS: Twenty-four sections on HNC-specific OD topics. CONCLUSION: This European White Paper summarizes current best practice on management of OD in HNC, providing recommendations to support patients and health professionals. The body of literature and its level of evidence on diagnostics and treatment for OD in HNC remain poor. This is in the context of an expected increase in the prevalence of OD due to HNC in the near future. Contributing factors to increased prevalence include aging of our European population (including HNC patients) and an increase in human papillomavirus (HPV) related cancer, despite the introduction of HPV vaccination in various countries. We recommend timely implementation of OD screening in HNC patients while emphasizing the need for robust scientific research on the treatment of OD in HNC. Meanwhile, its management remains a challenge for European professional associations and policymakers.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Envelhecimento , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Deglutição/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Humanos , Papillomaviridae
14.
Front Surg ; 7: 581105, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33240925

RESUMO

Background: Lymphoma of the sublingual gland is rare, representing 1% of all salivary gland lymphomas. In this case report, we present three new cases and compare them to previously published cases, with the aim of characterizing the clinical, morphological, histopathological, and genetic features of this type of malignancy. Materials and Methods: We provide a clinical description of three cases along with a characterization of the microscopic features, including morphology, and immunohistochemistry. In addition, we analysed possible cytogenetic rearrangements with the use of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Results: Case 1: A 61-year-old male presenting with a painless swelling of the floor of the mouth diagnosed as extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (EMZL) of the left sublingual gland. The patient is alive with no evidence of disease after his fourth treatment regimen following several relapses. Case 2: A 68-year-old female with a prior history of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) presenting with a tender swelling of the left sublingual gland as well as the right submandibular gland. The lesions were diagnosed as relapsing MCL. The patient died of unrelated causes after 18 months of treatment. Case 3: A 75-year-old female presenting with a swelling of the floor of the mouth diagnosed as follicular lymphoma (FL) of the left sublingual gland. The patient received chemotherapy along with radiotherapy and was still alive 10 years after the diagnosis. Conclusion: The three cases of sublingual gland lymphomas presented in this case report resemble lymphomas of other major salivary glands. The clinician should be aware of this type of malignancy and that the clinical presentation may not differ from benign lesions or other more common malignancies in this location.

15.
JPRAS Open ; 26: 91-100, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225037

RESUMO

Introduction: Microvascular reconstructions after head and neck cancer are among the most complicated procedures in plastic surgery. Postoperative complications are common, which often leads to prolonged hospital stay. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a peri- and postoperative care concept with the aim of achieving pain- and risk-free surgery. It has been previously established as superior to conventional care for a wide variety of procedures, including microsurgical procedures such as reconstructions of the breast. Several ERAS protocols for microvascular head and neck cancer reconstructions have been proposed, although most of these are based on extrapolated evidence from different surgical specialties. Results from the implementation of ERAS for these procedures are inconsistent. Methods: The current study investigates our clinical experience of head and neck cancer reconstruction for the period of 2014-2016 with the aim of establishing a list of functional discharge criteria. By combining these with the current published knowledge on the subject, we developed an ERAS protocol. Results: We performed 89 microvascular procedures in the study period, of which 58 were in the oral cavity/sinuses and 31 were laryngopharyngeal. Most cases were squamous cell carcinoma (89%). The average LOS was 20.3 days in both groups. Postoperative complications included infection (37%), 30-days re-operations (19%), and re-admissions (17%). Furthermore, we identified the following discharge criteria: adequate pain relief, ambulation, sufficient nutritional intake, normal infection-related blood parameter results and absence of fever, bowel function, and closure of tracheostomy. Conclusion: Based on our retrospective analysis and identified discharge criteria, we present an approach to develop an ERAS protocol for microvascular reconstruction after head and neck cancer.

16.
Oral Oncol ; 111: 105031, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069060

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus infection and p16-overexpression is a principal cause and favorable prognostic factor for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas but the value as prognostic marker in oral cavity squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) is undetermined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients diagnosed with OSCC in Eastern Denmark in the period 2008-2014 were enrolled. Survival estimates were evaluated as overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) by Kaplan-Meier survival curves and multivariate Cox-regression analyses. RESULTS: We included 575 patients from which 13% (n = 69) had p16-positive tumors. The 5-year OS were 55% and 62% for the p16-negative and p16-positive patients, respectively, and the 5-year PFS were 48% and 50%. In a multivariate survival analysis, p16-positivity showed no significant influence on OS (HR: 1.06 [0.67-1.70], p = 0.79) and PFS (HR: 1.11 [0.76-1.63], p = 0.58). CONCLUSION: In this population-based cohort of non-selected OSCC patients, we found no difference in survival outcomes when stratified on p16-overexpression status.

17.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e037844, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004394

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nutritional challenges are common consequences of cancer, and they do not only occur in the hospital setting. They are also frequent after completion of treatment, and nutritional interventions in community-based post-treatment rehabilitation services are important. The first step towards initiating any nutritional intervention is to identify the individual in need hereof, but evidence is limited on the applicability of different nutrition screening and assessment tools in the post-treatment rehabilitation services. The aim is to systematically review and identify nutrition screening and assessment tools appropriate for use in patients with cancer and survivors of cancer in hospital or community-based healthcare settings. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In this systematic review, the electronic databases PubMed, CINAHL Complete and Embase were searched systematically using comprehensive search strategies. Primary searches were carried out in August 2018 with updated searches performed in November 2019. Clinicaltrials.gov and PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews will be searched for additional relevant studies. Studies will be included if they validate a nutrition screening or assessment tool in adult patients with cancer or survivors of cancer. No restriction on publication date will be applied, and full-text articles in English, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish are eligible for inclusion. Two reviewers will independently conduct screening of search results, study selection, data extraction and quality assessment. Data will be synthesised narratively. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: No ethical approval is required. Results will be reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement and published in an international peer-reviewed journal. Furthermore, results will be presented in relevant research and clinical fora to facilitate transfer of results to clinical practice in benefit of patients. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018096678.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Estado Nutricional , Sobreviventes , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
18.
Nutrients ; 12(7)2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32708864

RESUMO

Head and neck cancer survivors frequently experience nutritional challenges, and proper rehabilitation should be offered. The trial objective was to test the effect of a multidisciplinary residential nutritional rehabilitation programme addressing physical, psychological, and social aspects of eating problems after treatment. In a randomized controlled trial, 71 head and neck cancer survivors recruited through a nationwide survey were randomized to the program or a wait-list control group. Inclusion was based on self-reported interest in participation. The primary outcome was change in body weight. Secondary outcomes included physical function, quality of life, and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Differences between groups at the 3-month follow-up were tested. No significant differences were seen in body weight change, but there were overall trends towards greater improvements in physical function (hand grip strength: p = 0.042; maximal mouth opening: p = 0.072) and quality of life ("Role functioning": p = 0.041; "Speech problems": p = 0.040; "Pain": p = 0.048) in the intervention group. To conclude, a multidisciplinary residential nutritional rehabilitation program had no effect on body weight in head and neck cancer survivors with self-reported interest in participation, but it may have effect on physical function and quality of life. Further research on relevant outcomes, inclusion criteria, and the program's effect in different subgroups is needed.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/dietoterapia , Avaliação Nutricional , Idoso , Ansiedade/dietoterapia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Peso Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/dietoterapia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Força da Mão , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Medição de Risco , Tamanho da Amostra , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Br J Cancer ; 123(1): 46-53, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32382113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to test if functional multiparametric imaging with 18F-FDG-PET/MRI correlates spatially with immunohistochemical biomarker status within a lesion of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), and also whether a biopsy with the highest FDG uptake was more likely to have the highest PD-L1 expression or the highest percentage of vital tumour cells (VTC) compared with a random biopsy. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with HNSCC were scanned on an integrated PET/MRI scanner with FDG prior to surgery in this prospective study. Imaging was quantified with SUV, ADC and Ktrans. A 3D-morphometric MRI scan of the specimen was used to co-register the patient and the specimen scans. All specimens were sectioned in consecutive slices, and slices from six different locations were selected randomly from each tumour. Core biopsies were performed to construct TMA blocks for IHC staining with the ten predefined biomarkers. The spatial correlation was assessed with a partial correlation analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients with a total of 33 lesions were eligible for further analysis. There were significant correlations between the three imaging biomarkers and some of the IHC biomarkers. Moreover, a biopsy taken from the most FDG-avid part of the tumour did not have a statistically significantly higher probability of higher PD-L1 expression or VTC, compared with a random biopsy. CONCLUSION: We found statistically significant correlations between functional imaging parameters and key molecular cancer markers.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Antígeno B7-H1/isolamento & purificação , Biópsia , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Prospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
20.
Nutr J ; 19(1): 21, 2020 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Eating problems frequently affect quality of life and physical, psychological and social function in patients treated for head and neck cancer (HNC). Residential rehabilitation programmes may ameliorate these adverse effects but are not indicated for all individuals. Systematic assessment of rehabilitation needs may optimise the use of resources while ensuring referral to rehabilitation for those in need. Yet, evidence lacks on which nutrition screening and assessment tools to use. The trial objectives are: 1) To test the effect of a multidisciplinary residential nutritional rehabilitation programme compared to standard care on the primary outcome body weight and secondary outcomes health-related quality of life, physical function and symptoms of anxiety and depression in patients curatively treated for HNC and 2) To test for correlations between participants' development in outcome scores during their participation in the programme and their baseline scores in Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002), the Scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment Short Form (PG-SGA SF), and M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) and to assess sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of the three tools in relation to a clinically relevant improvement in outcome scores. METHODS: In a randomised controlled trial, 72 patients treated for HNC recruited through a nationwide survey will be randomised to a multidisciplinary residential nutritional rehabilitation programme or to a wait-list control group. Data are collected at baseline, three and six months. Primary outcome is change in body weight, and secondary outcomes include changes in quality of life, physical function and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Potential correlations between intervention effect and baseline scores in NRS 2002, PG-SGA-SF and MDADI will be tested, and sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of the three tools in relation to a clinically relevant improvement in outcome scores will be assessed. DISCUSSION: This is the first randomised controlled trial to test the effect of a multidisciplinary residential nutritional rehabilitation programme in patients treated for HNC. Recruitment through a nationwide survey gives a unique possibility to describe the trial population and to identify potential selection bias. As the trial will explore the potential of different nutrition screening and assessment tools in the assessment of rehabilitation needs in patients treated for HNC, the trial will create knowledge about how selection and prioritisation of nutritional rehabilitation aimed at patients treated for HNC should be offered. The results may contribute to a better organisation and use of existing resources in benefit of patients treated for HNC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial is registered by The Danish Data Protection Agency (registration 2012-58-0018, approval number 18/14847) and the Regional Committees on Health Research Ethics for Southern Denmark (journal number 20182000-165). ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03909256. Registered April 9, 2019.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Desnutrição/complicações , Desnutrição/terapia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Tratamento Domiciliar/métodos , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional
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