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1.
Eur Heart J ; 41(4): 509-518, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120118

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the efficacy and safety of early transition from hospital to ambulatory treatment in low-risk acute PE, using the oral factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a prospective multicentre single-arm investigator initiated and academically sponsored management trial in patients with acute low-risk PE (EudraCT Identifier 2013-001657-28). Eligibility criteria included absence of (i) haemodynamic instability, (ii) right ventricular dysfunction or intracardiac thrombi, and (iii) serious comorbidities. Up to two nights of hospital stay were permitted. Rivaroxaban was given at the approved dose for PE for ≥3 months. The primary outcome was symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) or PE-related death within 3 months of enrolment. An interim analysis was planned after the first 525 patients, with prespecified early termination of the study if the null hypothesis could be rejected at the level of α = 0.004 (<6 primary outcome events). From May 2014 through June 2018, consecutive patients were enrolled in seven countries. Of the 525 patients included in the interim analysis, three (0.6%; one-sided upper 99.6% confidence interval 2.1%) suffered symptomatic non-fatal VTE recurrence, a number sufficiently low to fulfil the condition for early termination of the trial. Major bleeding occurred in 6 (1.2%) of the 519 patients comprising the safety population. There were two cancer-related deaths (0.4%). CONCLUSION: Early discharge and home treatment with rivaroxaban is effective and safe in carefully selected patients with acute low-risk PE. The results of the present trial support the selection of appropriate patients for ambulatory treatment of PE.

2.
Front Oncol ; 9: 665, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448223

RESUMO

Current treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) is effective in many patients, but is not curative and frequently limited by intolerance or resistance. Also, treatment free remission is a novel option for CML patients and requires reaching a deep molecular remission, which is not consistently achieved with TKI monotherapy. Together, multiple unmet clinical needs remain and therefore the continued need to explore novel treatment strategies. With increasing understanding of CML biology, many options have been explored and are under investigation. This includes the use asciminib as first in class inhibitor targeting the myristoyl pocket of BCR-ABL, combination treatments with established non-TKI drugs such as interferon and drugs with novel targets relevant to CML biology such as gliptins and thiazolidinediones. Together, an overview is provided of treatment strategies in development for CML beyond current TKI monotherapy.

3.
Eur J Haematol ; 103(5): 453-459, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298768

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Assessment of "real-world" treatment strategies and outcome in Dutch polycythemia vera (PV) patients. METHODS: Retrospective chart review in 150 patients with PV (WHO 2008 diagnostic criteria) from 10 major non-academic hospitals in the Netherlands. RESULTS: Patients (median age 64 years, 49% male) frequently had cardiovascular risk factors (56%) and prior vascular events (31%). About 70% of patients were high-risk, based on ELN criteria. However, the majority of patients were treated with phlebotomies alone (55%). Cytoreduction with hydroxyurea (HU) was received by 44% as part of their initial therapy, with or without phlebotomies. The time to achieve the 45% hematocrit target was shortest in patients treated with phlebotomies with or without HU (125 ± 99 and 197 ± 249 days, respectively) compared to patients treated with only HU (232 ± 216 days). Leukocyte and platelet levels were lower in HU-treated patients, and ELN response targets were more often reached. During the median follow-up period of 4.1 years, 14 patients (9%) suffered a thrombotic vascular event. CONCLUSIONS: In Dutch clinical practice, there is major clinical variation in treatment strategies for PV. Phlebotomizing patients shorten the time to achieve hematocrit control, while HU better controls platelet and leukocyte levels. The thrombotic vascular event rate remains clinically significant.

4.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(6): 1485-1492, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30668187

RESUMO

Healthcare costs are rising due to an increase in chronic diseases, including chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) due to improved survival. In CML care, patient adherence and physician adherence are key elements. We assessed the potential health gain and cost savings when both are improved, using a decision analytic model that integrated various sources of evidence. The current situation was compared to a theoretical situation in which either patient or physician adherence is improved, in terms of costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). Current patient adherence rate is 74%, improvement to 100% resulted in 0.1031 QALYs gained and a saving of €17,509 per patient over a 25-year period. Improving physician adherence from 72% to 100%, resulted in 0.0380 QALYs and €7606. Enhancement of either adherence results in substantial health gain and cost savings. Regarding the rising healthcare costs, new strategies should focus on improving adherence to keep healthcare affordable in the future.

5.
Europace ; 21(3): 414-420, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30339226

RESUMO

AIMS: Because practice-based data on the usage of idarucizumab for urgent dabigatran reversal is unavailable, we evaluated the appropriateness of idarucizumab usage, its haemostatic effectiveness and clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: An observational cohort study was performed including consecutive patients who were treated with idarucizumab between 2016 and 2018. Appropriate usage was assessed with predefined criteria. Post-reversal effectiveness was evaluated according to International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) recommendations. Patients were followed for 90 days for occurrence of thromboembolism, (re-)bleeding and death. Idarucizumab was used in 88 patients, of whom 53 (60%) presented with severe bleeding (20 gastrointestinal and 18 intracranial) and 35 (40%) requiring urgent surgical intervention. Use of idarucizumab was judged inappropriate in 25 patients (28%). Effective haemostasis was achieved in 32 of 48 (67%) bleeding patients in whom assessment was possible. Seven of 16 patients with major bleeding who did not achieve effective haemostasis (five intracranial) died, compared with two of 32 patients with effective haemostasis (relative risk 7.0, 95% confidence interval 1.6-30). Four patients (4.2%) developed thromboembolism [2 (2.1%) within 30 days] and four patients (4.2%) re-bleeding, all within 10 days. Seventeen patients (19%) died; 10 (11%) within 5 days. CONCLUSION: In this practice-based cohort, idarucizumab use was considered inappropriate in 28% of patients. Effective haemostasis was achieved in two-third of bleeding patients and was associated with lower mortality risk. Clinical outcomes were similar to those observed in the RE-VERSE AD trial, comprising re-bleeds and thromboembolism, and a high-mortality rate.

6.
Blood Adv ; 2(13): 1572-1579, 2018 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980572

RESUMO

Telomere length (TL) in peripheral blood (PB) cells of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has been shown to correlate with disease stage, prognostic scores, response to therapy, and disease progression. However, due to considerable genetic interindividual variability, TL varies substantially between individuals, limiting its use as a robust prognostic marker in individual patients. Here, we compared TL of BCR-ABL-, nonleukemic CD34+CD38- hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) in the bone marrow of CML patients at diagnosis to their individual BCR-ABL+ leukemic stem cell (LSC) counterparts. We observed significantly accelerated telomere shortening in LSC compared with nonleukemic HSC. Interestingly, the degree of LSC telomere shortening was found to correlate significantly with the leukemic clone size. To validate the diagnostic value of nonleukemic cells as internal controls and to rule out effects of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment on these nontarget cells, we prospectively assessed TL in 134 PB samples collected in deep molecular remission after TKI treatment within the EURO-SKI study (NCT01596114). Here, no significant telomere shortening was observed in granulocytes compared with an age-adjusted control cohort. In conclusion, this study provides proof of principle for accelerated telomere shortening in LSC as opposed to HSC in CML patients at diagnosis. The fact that the degree of telomere shortening correlates with leukemic clone's size supports the use of TL in leukemic cells as a prognostic parameter pending prospective validation. TL in nonleukemic myeloid cells seems unaffected even by long-term TKI treatment arguing against a reduction of telomere-mediated replicative reserve in normal hematopoiesis under TKI treatment.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/metabolismo , Homeostase do Telômero , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem
9.
Support Care Cancer ; 26(6): 1781-1789, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29247308

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Assessing physical reserve in older cancer patients before treatment decision-making remains challenging. The maintenance of physical independence during therapy is sometimes just as important for these patients as oncological outcomes. Recently, sarcopenia has been recognized as a possible important prognostic factor for outcome in cancer patients. We investigated the association between different levels of sarcopenia and the decline of physical independence during chemotherapy in older cancer patients (≥ 65 years). METHODS: Sarcopenia was divided into presarcopenia, sarcopenia, and severe sarcopenia according to an international consensus and was related to physical independence determined by measuring instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), using binary logistic regression models. CT-based muscle mass is necessary to diagnose sarcopenia and was related to five functional tests, in order to investigate whether these easy-to-perform tests could replace the more invasive CT-based muscle measurement. RESULTS: A total of 131 patients were included (median age 72 years). The prevalence of presarcopenia, sarcopenia, and severe sarcopenia was 47.7, 18.5, and 7.7%, respectively. Compared to no sarcopenia, only severe sarcopenia seemed associated with a decline of physical independence after chemotherapy (OR 5.95, 95% CI 0.76-46.48). Muscle mass was only significantly associated with muscle strength, but not with tests measuring physical function. CONCLUSION: The level of sarcopenia might be a useful tool in addition to routine oncological assessment to identify older cancer patients with increased risk of physical decline after chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Sarcopenia/complicações , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sarcopenia/patologia
10.
Eur J Haematol ; 100(4): 367-371, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29288559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The monitoring of response in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is of great importance to identify patients failing their treatment in order to adjust TKI choice and thereby prevent progression to advanced stage disease. Cytogenetic monitoring has a lower sensitivity, is expensive, and requires invasive bone marrow sampling. Nevertheless, chronic myeloid leukemia guidelines continue to recommend performing routine cytogenetic response assessments, even when adequate molecular diagnostics are available. METHODS: In a population-based registry of newly diagnosed CML patients in the Netherlands, all simultaneous cytogenetic and molecular assessments performed at 3, 6, and 12 months were identified and response of these matched assessments was classified according to European Leukemia Net (ELN) recommendations. The impact of discrepant cytogenetic and molecular response classifications and course of patients with additional chromosomal abnormalities were evaluated. RESULTS: The overall agreement of 200 matched assessments was 78%. In case of discordant responses, response at 24 months was consistently better predicted by the molecular outcome. Cytogenetic response assessments provided relevant additional clinical information only in some cases of molecular "warning." The development of additional cytogenetic abnormalities was always accompanied with molecular failure. CONCLUSION: We conclude that it is safe to omit routine cytogenetics for response assessment during treatment and to only use molecular monitoring, in order to prevent ambiguous classifications, reduce costs, and reduce the need for invasive bone marrow sampling. Cytogenetic re-assessment should still be performed when molecular response is suboptimal.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/epidemiologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Análise Citogenética , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Masculino , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Haematologica ; 102(11): 1842-1849, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28860339

RESUMO

Evaluations of the 'real-world' efficacy and safety of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia are scarce. A nationwide, population-based, chronic myeloid leukemia registry was analyzed to evaluate (deep) response rates to first and subsequent treatment lines and eligibility for a treatment cessation attempt in adults diagnosed between January 2008 and April 2013 in the Netherlands. The registry covered 457 patients; 434 in chronic phase (95%) and 15 (3%) in advanced disease phase. Seventy-five percent of the patients in chronic phase were treated with imatinib and 25% with a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor. At 3 years 44% of patients had discontinued their first-line treatment, mainly due to intolerance (21%) or treatment failure (19%). At 18 months 73% of patients had achieved a complete cytogenetic response and 63% a major molecular response. Deep molecular responses (MR4.0 and MR4.5) were achieved in 69% and 56% of patients, respectively, at 48 months. All response milestones were achieved faster in patients treated upfront with a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor, but ultimately patients initially treated with imatinib also reached similar levels of responses. The 6-year cumulative incidence of eligibility for a tyrosine kinase cessation attempt, according to EURO-SKI criteria, was 31%. Our findings show that in a 'real-world' setting the long-term outcome of patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors is excellent and the conditions for an attempt to stop tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy are met by a third of the patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Progressão da Doença , Substituição de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Mortalidade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Clin Cancer Res ; 23(15): 4107-4118, 2017 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28280089

RESUMO

Purpose: Older acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients have a poor prognosis; therefore, novel therapies are needed. Allogeneic natural killer (NK) cells have been adoptively transferred with promising clinical results. Here, we report the first-in-human study exploiting a unique scalable NK-cell product generated ex vivo from CD34+ hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) from partially HLA-matched umbilical cord blood units.Experimental Design: Ten older AML patients in morphologic complete remission received an escalating HSPC-NK cell dose (between 3 and 30 × 106/kg body weight) after lymphodepleting chemotherapy without cytokine boosting.Results: HSPC-NK cell products contained a median of 75% highly activated NK cells, with <1 × 104 T cells/kg and <3 × 105 B cells/kg body weight. HSPC-NK cells were well tolerated, and neither graft-versus-host disease nor toxicity was observed. Despite no cytokine boosting being given, transient HSPC-NK cell persistence was clearly found in peripheral blood up to 21% until day 8, which was accompanied by augmented IL15 plasma levels. Moreover, donor chimerism up to 3.5% was found in bone marrow. Interestingly, in vivo HSPC-NK cell maturation was observed, indicated by the rapid acquisition of CD16 and KIR expression, while expression of most activating receptors was sustained. Notably, 2 of 4 patients with minimal residual disease (MRD) in bone marrow before infusion became MRD negative (<0.1%), which lasted for 6 months.Conclusions: These findings indicate that HSPC-NK cell adoptive transfer is a promising, potential "off-the-shelf" translational immunotherapy approach in AML. Clin Cancer Res; 23(15); 4107-18. ©2017 AACR.


Assuntos
Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Antígenos CD34/genética , Antígenos CD34/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/imunologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-15/sangue , Células Matadoras Naturais/transplante , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/imunologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Regressão Neoplásica Espontânea/patologia , Prognóstico
17.
Blood ; 128(19): 2297-2306, 2016 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27647864

RESUMO

The prognosis of multiple myeloma (MM) patients who become refractory to lenalidomide and bortezomib is very poor, indicating the need for new therapeutic strategies for these patients. Next to the development of new drugs, the strategy of combining agents with synergistic activity may also result in clinical benefit for patients with advanced myeloma. We have previously shown in a retrospective analysis that lenalidomide combined with continuous low-dose cyclophosphamide and prednisone (REP) had remarkable activity in heavily pretreated, lenalidomide-refractory MM patients. To evaluate this combination prospectively, we initiated a phase 1/2 study to determine the optimal dose and to assess its efficacy and safety in lenalidomide-refractory MM patients. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was defined as 25 mg lenalidomide (days 1-21/28 days), combined with continuous cyclophosphamide (50 mg/d) and prednisone (20 mg/d). At the MTD (n = 67 patients), the overall response rate was 67%, and at least minimal response was achieved in 83% of the patients. Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 12.1 and 29.0 months, respectively. Similar results were achieved in the subset of patients with lenalidomide- and bortezomib-refractory disease as well as in patients with high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities, defined as t(4;14), t(14;16), del(17p), and/or ampl(1q) as assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Neutropenia (22%) and thrombocytopenia (22%) were the most common grade 3-4 hematologic adverse events. Infections (21%) were the most common grade 3-5 nonhematologic adverse events. In conclusion, the addition of continuous low-dose oral cyclophosphamide to lenalidomide and prednisone offers a new therapeutic perspective for multidrug refractory MM patients. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01352338.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Lenalidomida , Masculino , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prognóstico , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Diving Hyperb Med ; 46(1): 22-5, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27044458

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Middle ear barotrauma (MEBt) is a frequently occurring complication of hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT). High-grade MEBt may involve tympanic membrane (TM) haemorrhaging. Although many patients undergoing HBOT use antiplatelet or anticoagulant drugs, it is unknown whether these drugs increase the risk of MEBt and particularly TM bleeding complications. METHODS: This multicentre, prospective cohort study investigates the prevalence of MEBt and TM bleeding during HBOT in patients using antiplatelet/anticoagulant drugs, compared with control patients not on such medications. MEBt was assessed by video otoscopy of the TM pre and post HBOT and scored according to the modified Teed score. Any complications from previous HBOT sessions were retrospectively documented. RESULTS: Of 73 patients receiving HBOT, 34 used antiplatelet/anticoagulant drugs. Mild MEBt (Teed score 1 or 2) occurred in 23 of these 34 patients and in 31 of the 39 controls. Teed score 3 MEBt occurred in only two of the control-group patients and none of the patients using antiplatelet/anticoagulant drugs. Two patients using anticoagulant drugs reported epistaxis during a previous HBOT session, epistaxis was not reported by any control patients. CONCLUSION: Low-grade MEBt is common during HBOT, however, high-grade barotrauma is rare with current chamber operating procedures. Patients using antiplatelet/anticoagulant drugs potentially may be prone to MEBt-associated haemorrhagic complications, but we did not observe any such increase in this cohort. Only mild epistaxis occurred in patients using anticoagulant drugs.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Barotrauma/etiologia , Otopatias/etiologia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Oxigenação Hiperbárica/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Membrana Timpânica/lesões , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Barotrauma/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Otopatias/epidemiologia , Orelha Média/lesões , Feminino , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Otoscopia/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Tamanho da Amostra , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
BMJ Case Rep ; 20162016 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26951437

RESUMO

A 25-year-old man was admitted to our hospital, with fever, severe ulceration of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa, and pustules on his skin. These pathergy-like lesions had emerged after placement of orthodontic braces and laser therapy for hair removal, respectively. The patient's clinical condition, together with his ethnic background, pointed to the diagnosis of Behçet's disease. Treatment with colchicine and prednisone resulted in rapid improvement of his symptoms. Pathergy reactions in response to placement of dental braces and laser hair removal are a rare first presentation of Behçet's disease.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Úlceras Orais/etiologia , Braquetes Ortodônticos/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Colchicina/uso terapêutico , Exantema/etiologia , Remoção de Cabelo , Humanos , Masculino , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Dermatopatias Vasculares/etiologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/uso terapêutico
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 20152015 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26621901

RESUMO

Spontaneous sternal fracture is a well-known complication of multiple myeloma due to osteolytic bone lesions. The possibility of a multiple myeloma should be thoroughly investigated in patients presenting with a spontaneous sternal fracture. This work up should go beyond protein electrophoresis alone as a monoclonal paraprotein is not always present. In some cases, the myeloma plasma cell clone produces only the free light chain (κ or λ) or may even be non-secretory. The underlying plasma cell dyscrasia is treated with chemotherapy and, if needed, local radiotherapy. However, for patients with a fracture causing persistent pain and physical discomfort, internal fixation may be additionally required. We present a case of a patient who presented with a displaced pathological sternal fracture. She was treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy and an open reduction and internal fixation with a Locking Compression Plate (LCP). This technique offers a feasible option for rigid fixation of pathological fractures.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Espontâneas/etiologia , Fraturas Espontâneas/cirurgia , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , Esterno/lesões , Esterno/cirurgia , Placas Ósseas , Quimiorradioterapia , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia
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