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1.
Support Care Cancer ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477972

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore men's onset and burden of lower limb lymphedema (LLL) after radical prostatectomy (RP) with pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey-based study was conducted nation-wide and web-based in Germany. Part 1 included 15 multidisciplinary compiled questions with three questions from the Short Form 12 Health Survey (SF-12) and the WHO activity recommendation and part 2 included the validated German Lymph-ICF-Questionnaire (Lymph-ICF-LL). Subgroup comparisons and simple regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with therapy and burden of LLL, followed by multiple regression analyses to explain variance in impairment in the patients' daily life. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients completed the survey. Median time of LLL-onset was reported with 2.0 (0.5-9.75) months after RP. Nineteen patients (35.2%) reported bilateral lymphedema, 28 (51.9%) the use of individually fitted compression stockings (CS), 25 (46.3%) of manual lymphatic drainage (LD), and 26 (48.1%) complete regression. The Lymph-ICF-LL revealed a higher total burden for patients with an active LLL compared to complete regression (total score: 25.5 vs. 11.9, p = 0.01) especially for "physical function" (28.3 vs. 12.9, p < 0.01) and "mental function" (26.2 vs. 6.7, p < 0.01). In multiple linear regression analysis, a higher BMI (ß = 0.28), lower subjective general health (ß = -0.48), and active lymphedema (ß = 0.28) were significant predictors of higher reported impairments in the Lymph-ICF-LL, accounting for 45.4% of variance. CONCLUSION: Men with LLL after RP with PLND report a significant burden in daily life. Basic therapy needs to be offered early. Postoperative onset of LLL is variable, which should be considered when assessing complications after RP.

2.
Urol Int ; : 1-8, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333486

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Screening for and treating asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) or administering antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended during ureteral stent and nephrostomy interventions. This study investigates the frequency of postinterventional infectious complications to gain insight into the need for antibiotics. METHODS: Between September 2016 and June 2019, 168 insertions/exchanges of ureteral stents or nephrostomies were recorded in a prospective multicenter study. Patients without a symptomatic UTI did not receive antibiotic treatment/prophylaxis. Asymptomatic patients in whom their urologist already administered an antibiotic treatment served as a comparative group. Follow-up included postinterventional complications within 30 days. Symptoms were assessed by the Acute Cystitis Symptom Score (ACSS) before and after the intervention. Predictors of increasing postinterventional symptoms were analyzed by a multivariable logistic regression model. RESULTS: One hundred forty-five interventions were eligible. One hundred twenty-two (84.1%) interventions were performed without antibiotic treatment. Preinterventional ABU was detected in 54.4% and sterile urine in 22.8% (22.8% without culture). Postinterventional infectious complications did not differ between patients with versus without antibiotics. Transurethral interventions aggravate symptoms (p = 0.034) but do not increase infectious complications compared to percutaneous interventions. Patients without diabetes mellitus are at higher risk for increasing symptoms. CONCLUSION: Results indicate that peri-interventional antibiotic treatment may be omitted in patients without symptomatic UTI. Symptoms must be differentiated between infectious and procedure-associated origins.

3.
Radiologe ; 61(9): 829-838, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251481

RESUMO

CLINICAL/METHODOLOGICAL ISSUE: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and local staging of primary prostate cancer. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: Image-guided biopsy techniques such as MRI-ultrasound fusion not only allow guidance for targeted tissue sampling of index lesions for diagnostic confirmation, but also improve the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer. METHODOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS: Minimally invasive, focal therapies of localized prostate cancer complement the treatment spectrum, especially for low- and intermediate-risk patients. PERFORMANCE: In patients of low and intermediate risk, MR-guided, minimally invasive therapies could enable local tumor control, improved functional outcomes and possible subsequent therapy escalation. Further study results related to multimodal approaches and the application of artificial intelligence (AI) by machine and deep learning algorithms will help to leverage the full potential of focal therapies for prostate cancer in the upcoming era of precision medicine. ACHIEVEMENTS: Completion of ongoing randomized trials comparing each minimally invasive therapy approach with established whole-gland procedures is needed before minimally invasive therapies can be implemented into existing treatment guidelines. PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS: This review article highlights minimally invasive therapies of prostate cancer and the key role of mpMRI for planning and conducting these therapies.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia
4.
Front Oncol ; 11: 684144, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34178678

RESUMO

Background: To compare severe infectious complication rates after transrectal prostate biopsies between cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones for antibiotic monoprophylaxis. Material and Methods: In the multi-institutional cohort, between November 2014 and July 2020 patients received either cefotaxime (single dose intravenously), cefpodoxime (multiple doses orally) or fluoroquinolones (multiple-doses orally or single dose intravenously) for transrectal prostate biopsy prophylaxis. Data were prospectively acquired and retrospectively analyzed. Severe infectious complications were evaluated within 30 days after biopsy. Logistic regression models predicted biopsy-related infectious complications according to antibiotic prophylaxis, application type and patient- and procedure-related risk factors. Results: Of 793 patients, 132 (16.6%) received a single dose of intravenous cefotaxime and were compared to 119 (15%) who received multiple doses of oral cefpodoxime and 542 (68.3%) who received fluoroquinolones as monoprophylaxis. The overall incidence of severe infectious complications was 1.0% (n=8). No significant differences were observed between the three compared groups (0.8% vs. 0.8% vs. 1.1%, p=0.9). The overall rate of urosepsis was 0.3% and did not significantly differ between the three compared groups as well. Conclusion: Monoprophylaxis with third generation cephalosporins was efficient in preventing severe infectious complications after prostate biopsy. Single intravenous dose of cefotaxime and multiday regimen of oral cefpodoxime showed a low incidence of infectious complications <1%. No differences were observed in comparison to fluoroquinolones.

5.
World J Urol ; 39(10): 3747-3754, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881557

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Due to the tissue preserving approach of focal therapy (FT), local cancer relapse can occur. Uncertainty exists regarding triggers and outcome of salvage strategies. METHODS: Patients with biopsy-proven prostate cancer (PCa) after FT for localized PCa from 2011 to 2020 at eight tertiary referral hospitals in Germany that underwent salvage radical prostatectomy (S-RP), salvage radiotherapy (S-RT) or active surveillance (AS) were reported. Prostate specific antigen (PSA) changes, suspicious lesions on mpMRI and histopathological findings on biopsy were analyzed. A multivariable regression model was created for adverse pathological findings (APF) at S-RP specimen. Kaplan-Meier curves were generated to determine oncological outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 90 men were included. Cancer relapse after FT was detected at a median of 12 months (IQR 9-16). Of 50 men initially under AS 13 received S-RP or S-RT. In total, 44 men underwent S-RP and 13 S-RT. At cancer relapse 17 men (38.6%) in the S-RP group [S-RT n = 4 (30.8%); AS n = 3 (6%)] had ISUP > 2. APF (pT ≥ 3, ISUP ≥ 3, pN + or R1) were observed in 23 men (52.3%). A higher ISUP on biopsy was associated with APF [p = 0.006 (HR 2.32, 97.5% CI 1.35-4.59)] on univariable analysis. Progression-free survival was 80.4% after S-RP and 100% after S-RT at 3 years. Secondary therapy-free survival was 41.7% at 3 years in men undergoing AS. Metastasis-free survival was 80% at 5 years for the whole cohort. CONCLUSION: With early detection of cancer relapse after FT S-RP and S-RT provide sufficient oncologic control at short to intermediate follow-up. After AS, a high secondary-therapy rate was observed.

6.
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes ; 162: 63-69, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824094

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Scientific evidence in medicine is based on data generated from research. Recently, the number of scientifically active physicians has decreased, which has led to the development of the Clinician Scientist Programs. To better structure and focus the research of young physicians, we aimed to investigate the impact of collaborations and other factors on the quality and output of scientific publications. METHODS: The abstracts of three annual congresses of the German Society of Urology were systematically analysed regarding content, collaborations, and study design. Full-text publications and journals were identified through a MEDLINE® search. Impact factors (IFs) were identified using Journal Citation Reports™. To identify factors which predict publication and IFs, χ2 and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests were used. Uni- and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the best model for publication success for an abstract as well as the achievement of a high IF. RESULTS: 1,074 abstracts were reviewed. The publication rate of subsequent peer-reviewed full-text publications was 52.5%. Collaborations with at least one institution (odds ratio (OR) 2.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.48-2.76, p <0.0001), statistical analysis (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.41-2.60, p <0.0001), study design (prospective vs. retrospective: OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.06-1.93, p=0.021), and national collaborations (OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.04-1.98, p=0.029) increased the likelihood of publication in a peer-reviewed journal in a multivariable logistic regression analysis. Experimental design (OR 2.77, 95% CI 1.32-5.84, p=0.007), international collaborations (OR 2.26, 95% CI 1.23-4.15, p=0.009), oncologic topics (OR 1.94, 95% CI 1.23-3.07, p=0.005), prostate disease (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.08-2.84, p=0.023), and statistical analysis (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.06-2.64, p=0.026) were associated with a higher IF. CONCLUSION: Abstracts resulting from collaborative research projects had a higher likelihood of subsequent full-text publication and a higher IF. More full-text publications were reported when abstracts included a statistical analysis. Hence, intensive networking (e. g. at congresses and workshops) of researching physicians as well as statistical/biometrical classes could be key factors to improve academic success.


Assuntos
Sucesso Acadêmico , Médicos , Indexação e Redação de Resumos , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Editoração , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sociedades Médicas
7.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802699

RESUMO

Radiomics may increase the diagnostic accuracy of medical imaging for localized and metastatic RCC (mRCC). A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed. Doing so, we comprehensively searched literature databases until May 2020. Studies investigating the diagnostic value of radiomics in differentiation of localized renal tumors and assessment of treatment response to ST in mRCC were included and assessed with respect to their quality using the radiomics quality score (RQS). A total of 113 out of 1098 identified studies met the criteria and were included in qualitative synthesis. Median RQS of all studies was 13.9% (5.0 points, IQR 0.25-7.0 points), and RQS increased over time. Thirty studies were included into the quantitative synthesis: For distinguishing angiomyolipoma, oncocytoma or unspecified benign tumors from RCC, the random effects model showed a log odds ratio (OR) of 2.89 (95%-CI 2.40-3.39, p < 0.001), 3.08 (95%-CI 2.09-4.06, p < 0.001) and 3.57 (95%-CI 2.69-4.45, p < 0.001), respectively. For the general discrimination of benign tumors from RCC log OR was 3.17 (95%-CI 2.73-3.62, p < 0.001). Inhomogeneity of the available studies assessing treatment response in mRCC prevented any meaningful meta-analysis. The application of radiomics seems promising for discrimination of renal tumor dignity. Shared data and open science may assist in improving reproducibility of future studies.

8.
World J Urol ; 39(4): 1121-1129, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533247

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Focal therapies (FTs) are investigated within prospective studies on selected patients treated for localized prostate cancer (PCa). Benefits are preservation of genitourinary function and reduced complications, but follow-up is elaborate and is associated with uncertainty as cancer-free survival appears to be lower compared to standard radical treatments. The aim of this study was to analyse patient-reported acceptance of FT and evaluate factors associated with treatment decision regret. METHODS: 52 patients who received focal high-intensity focused ultrasound for low- to intermediate-risk PCa between 2014 and 2019 within two prospective trials were eligible for a survey regarding PCa-related treatment regret and quality-of-life (Clark's scale) and the following potential predictors: sociodemographic variables, Charlson Comorbidity Index, subjective aging (AARC-10 SF), and general health-related quality-of-life (SF-12). Cancer persistence/recurrence (multiparametric MRI and fusion biopsy after 12 months) and functional outcomes (EPIC-26 UI/UIO/S) data were also included in this study. RESULTS: The overall survey response rate was 92.3% (48/52 patients). Median follow-up was 38 months (interquartile range = 25-50 months). In total, ten patients (20.8%) reported treatment decision regret. In univariable analyses, a clinically meaningful increase in urinary incontinence showed a significant association (OR 4.43; 95% CI 0.99-20.53; p = 0.049) with regret. Cancer recurrence (OR 12.31; 95% CI 1.78-159.26; p = 0.023) and general health worry as a domain of Clark's scale (OR 1.07; 95% CI 1.03-1.14; p < 0.01) were predictors of regret in a multivariable logistic regression model (AUC = 0.892). CONCLUSION: Acceptance of FT is comparable to standard treatments. Extensive follow-up including regular PSA testing does not cause additional regret but careful patient selection and information before FT is crucial.

9.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(7)2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32630787

RESUMO

Radiomics is an emerging field of image analysis with potential applications in patient risk stratification. This study developed and evaluated machine learning models using quantitative radiomic features extracted from multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) to detect and classify prostate cancer (PCa). In total, 191 patients that underwent prostatic mpMRI and combined targeted and systematic fusion biopsy were retrospectively included. Segmentations of the whole prostate glands and index lesions were performed manually in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps and T2-weighted MRI. Radiomic features were extracted from regions corresponding to the whole prostate gland and index lesion. The best performing combination of feature setup and classifier was selected to compare its predictive ability of the radiologist's evaluation (PI-RADS), mean ADC, prostate specific antigen density (PSAD) and digital rectal examination (DRE) using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Models were evaluated using repeated 5-fold cross-validation and a separate independent test cohort. In the test cohort, an ensemble model combining a radiomics model, with models for PI-RADS, PSAD and DRE achieved high predictive AUCs for the differentiation of (i) malignant from benign prostatic lesions (AUC = 0.889) and of (ii) clinically significant (csPCa) from clinically insignificant PCa (cisPCa) (AUC = 0.844). Our combined model was numerically superior to PI-RADS for cancer detection (AUC = 0.779; p = 0.054) as well as for clinical significance prediction (AUC = 0.688; p = 0.209) and showed a significantly better performance compared to mADC for csPCa prediction (AUC = 0.571; p = 0.022). In our study, radiomics accurately characterizes prostatic index lesions and shows performance comparable to radiologists for PCa characterization. Quantitative image data represent a potential biomarker, which, when combined with PI-RADS, PSAD and DRE, predicts csPCa more accurately than mADC. Prognostic machine learning models could assist in csPCa detection and patient selection for MRI-guided biopsy.

10.
Urol Int ; 104(5-6): 378-385, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396911

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTI) represent the most frequent complications after transrectal focal ablation of prostate cancer. Single-shot antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention has not yet been described. METHODS: In this cohort study of patients who received a high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of prostate cancer within a registered prospective single-arm trial, we analyzed posttreatment UTI (≤30 days after HIFU) related to perioperative antibiotic management in an exploratory analysis: single-shot prophylaxis or targeted treatment for bacteriuria. Potential risk factors associated with UTI were evaluated by uni- and multivariate regression analyses. RESULTS: In total, 55 patients were eligible for analysis. Of these, 76.4% received antibiotic single-shot prophylaxis. UTI occurred in 10.7% of all patients, 5.4% developed fever, 3.6% required hospitalization. An antibiotic single-shot prophylaxis helped to protect 90.5% of men from infectious complications. Estimated effects indicate that a longer posttreatment catheterization (OR 3.38, 95% CI 0.47-27.08) and larger ablation volume (OR 4.85, 95% CI 0.61-107.49) might be associated with the highest risk for UTI after treatment. CONCLUSION: Single-shot antibiotic prophylaxis compared to a targeted antibiotic treatment showed a similar effectivity to prevent patients from infectious complications and should be considered as an element of antibiotic stewardship. Further research on risk factors and antibiotic strategies is required.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Ultrassom Focalizado Transretal de Alta Intensidade , Infecções Urinárias/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Reto
11.
Eur Urol Focus ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33877047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Focal therapy (FT) with its favorable side-effect profile represents an option between active surveillance and traditional whole-gland treatment in localized prostate cancer (PCa). Consensus statements recommend eligibility criteria based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted and systematic combination biopsy. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the future potential of FT by analyzing the number of men eligible for FT among all men with biopsy-proven PCa and to judge the potential of different energy sources. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Consensus criteria on FT were analyzed. Patients with biopsy-proven PCa from six tertiary referral hospitals and one outpatient practice in Germany had received a software-based combination biopsy. Men with Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) ≥3 lesions based on PI-RADS v2 were included. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Patients were analyzed for potential treatment by FT and hemiablation. MRI lesions were mapped according to prostatic zones. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: In total, 2371 patients were analyzed. According to consensus criteria (biopsy-proven unifocal lesion of International Society of Urological Pathology [ISUP] grade group ≤2, prostate-specific antigen [PSA] ≤15ng/mL, and life expectancy >10yr), 303 patients (12.8%; ISUP 1: n=148 [6.2%]; ISUP 2: n=155 [6.5%]) were potential candidates for FT. A maximum PSA level of <10ng/mL would exclude further 60 (2.5%) of these men. The eligibility for hemiablation is slightly higher (16.2%). Unifocal lesions (n=288) were equally distributed within the prostate (anteriorly [31%], apically [29%], and dorsally [36%]). CONCLUSIONS: With adherence to consensus statements, only a minority of PCa patients present as potential candidates for FT. Distribution of tumor localization suggests the need for different energy modalities to warrant an optimal FT treatment. PATIENT SUMMARY: We analyzed how many men who receive a magnetic resonance imaging-targeted and systematic prostate biopsy are candidates for the experimental focal therapy of the prostate. When following expert recommendations, only a small number of men are potential candidates for this alternative treatment.

12.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(1)2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877768

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are shed by many different cell types. Their nucleic acids content offers new opportunities for biomarker research in different solid tumors. The role of EV RNA in prostate cancer (PCa) is still largely unknown. EVs were isolated from different benign and malignant prostate cell lines and blood plasma from patients with PCa (n = 18) and controls with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) (n = 7). Nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), Western blot, electron microscopy, and flow cytometry analysis were used for the characterization of EVs. Non-coding RNA expression profiling of PC3 metastatic PCa cells and their EVs was performed by next generation sequencing (NGS). miRNAs differentially expressed in PC3 EVs were validated with qRT-PCR in EVs derived from additional cell lines and patient plasma and from matched tissue samples. 92 miRNAs were enriched and 48 miRNAs were depleted in PC3 EVs compared to PC3 cells, which could be confirmed by qRT-PCR. miR-99b-5p was significantly higher expressed in malignant compared to benign EVs. Furthermore, expression profiling showed miR-10a-5p (p = 0.018) and miR-29b-3p (p = 0.002), but not miR-99b-5p, to be overexpressed in plasma-derived EVs from patients with PCa compared with controls. In the corresponding tissue samples, no significant differences in the miRNA expression could be observed. We thus propose that EV-associated miR-10a-5p and miR-29b-3p could serve as potential new PCa detection markers.

13.
Urol Oncol ; 37(10): 678-687, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess if a multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI)-targeted biopsy (TB) strategy is precise enough to replace systematic biopsies (SB) among men with different biopsy indications since an imaging-based pathway to guide indication and targeted prostate biopsy is currently under debate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed of 594 patients with one or more lesions according to Prostate Imaging and Reporting Data System (PI-RADS) receiving a consecutive TB and SB for one of the 3 indications: primary cancer suspicion (51.7%), persistent cancer suspicion after prior negative biopsy (35.4%), or control of a confirmed cancer (12.9%). Detection rates for overall cancer (CaP) and clinically significant cancer (csCaP, Gleason Score ≥3+4) were compared between TB and SB and to a combined approach for all patients and within the subgroups. Characteristics of cancers missed by one biopsy strategy were analyzed. RESULTS: TB detected less CaP (302 vs. 366, P < 0.001) and csCaP (204 vs. 210 patients, P = 0.409) compared to SB except for men with prior negative biopsies (65 vs. 64 csCaP, P = 0.363). Cancer detection by TB or SB was independent of cancer localization and imaging characteristics. Combined TB and SB outperformed the single approaches for CaP and csCaP detection in each subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: A single mpMRI and TB approach leads to a substantial number of missed CaP and csCaP across biopsies with different indications. Ongoing improvements of imaging, reading standardization, and biopsy techniques are required before replacing SB.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética Intervencionista/métodos , Próstata/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
World J Urol ; 37(10): 2119-2127, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30560300

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of experience on the outcome of image fusion-guided prostate biopsies performed by urologists working at a high-volume medical center. METHODS: The first 210 consecutive fusion biopsies were analyzed following installation of the software-based biopsy platform Artemis™ (Eigen, USA). The impact of training was measured in terms of changes in prostate cancer detection rates and biopsy duration over time. We sought to identify a threshold of experience for urologists, which predicts higher detection rates of targeted biopsies. The influence of various factors on prostate cancer detection rates was evaluated using bi- and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-two urologists (n = 9 senior urologists, n = 13 urological residents) performed targeted biopsies followed by systematic 12-core biopsies. Overall, targeted biopsies yielded a positive result in 39.6% of 260 suspicious MRI lesions. A subgroup analysis of the six urologists who performed more than ten biopsies was then conducted, and their level of experience (i.e., performance of more than eight biopsies) was found to be associated with higher detection rates than those with less experience (49.0% and 23.0%, respectively; p < 0.001) in the targeted biopsies. Experience was likewise a significant and independent predictor of a cancer-positive targeted biopsy (p = 0.002). Experienced senior physicians did not outperform residents in their targeted biopsy results. Further, biopsy duration correlated negatively (r = - 0.5931, p < 0.001) with the total number of biopsies performed for all subgroups during the period of assessment. CONCLUSIONS: Experience is an important predictor of the rate of detection in targeted biopsies using software-based biopsy platforms with semi-robotic assistance. Moreover, the performance of just a few procedures appears sufficient to increase biopsy effectiveness significantly. Lastly, supervision by experts is recommended during the training phase.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Próstata/patologia , Software , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
World J Urol ; 37(2): 327-335, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29967946

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Definition of targets in multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) prior to MRI/TRUS fusion prostate biopsy either by urologist or radiologist, as a prose report or by illustration is crucial for accurate targeted biopsies (TB). The objective was to analyze the effect of MRI reporting on target definition and cancer detection. METHODS: 202 patients underwent MRI/TRUS fusion biopsy with Artemis™ (Eigen, USA). mpMRI results were submitted in written form to urologists, who marked the targets in the proprietary software. An expert uroradiologist reviewed and marked mpMRI targets blinded to biopsy data. We compared number, localization and volume of targets between the observers and analyzed whether variations impaired TB results by bivariate and logistic regression models. RESULTS: Interobserver variability was moderate regarding number and low regarding localization of targets. Urologists overestimated target volumes significantly compared to radiologists (p = 0.045) and matching target volume between both observers was only 43.9%. Overall cancer detection rate was 69.8 and 52.0% by TB. A higher matching target volume was a significant predictor of cancer in TB (p < 0.001). Logistic regression revealed prostate volume and PI-RADS as independent predictors. Defining targets in incorrect T2w slices in the cranio-caudal axis are one presumable reason for missing cancer in TB. CONCLUSIONS: A high concordance of the target definition between radiologist and urologist is mandatory for accurate TB. Optimized ROI definition is recommended to improve TB results, preferably as contouring in MRI sequences by the radiologist or, if not feasible, by precise MRI reports including specific localization in sequence and slice as well as an illustration. High prostate volume and low PI-RADS score have to be considered as limiting factors for target definition.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética Intervencionista , Próstata/patologia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Radiologia Intervencionista , Reto , Software , Urologia
16.
Oncol Res Treat ; 41(10): 627-633, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30286478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aggressive variant transformation in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) represents an under-recognized phenomenon. There is an urgent need for non-invasive biomarkers to detect these variants and identify treatment alternatives. METHODS: A prospective observational pilot study in mCRPC patients receiving treatment with cabazitaxel (CAB) was conducted. Neuromediators were sequentially evaluated and their impact on disease endpoints calculated. Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) was also performed in a highly pretreated subset of patients. RESULTS: 23 patients were included. Estimated effects indicate that neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels at baseline may be correlated with overall survival (NSE unit 18.3 ng/ml: HR1.262 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.985-1.616)) and that chromogranin A (CGA) may be correlated with progression-free survival (CGA unit 98.1 ng/ml: HR1.341 (95% CI 1.011-1.778)). cfDNA analysis revealed mutations annotated in prostate cancer (PCA) and small cell cancers (SCC). 1 patient showed elevated neuromediators along with annotated mutations in PCA and SCC, potentially indicating aggressive variant cancer. In 3 patients KIT mutations (e.g. pM541L, pV654A) known to be tissue-based biomarkers with level 1 evidence for the treatment with imatinib and sunitinib were found. CONCLUSIONS: Sequential analysis of neuromediators and targeted NGS of cfDNA provide insight for the estimation of tumor heterogeneity under therapy with CAB.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , Cromogranina A/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/sangue , Proteínas Recombinantes/sangue
17.
Urol Oncol ; 36(9): 401.e1-401.e9, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30093211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Magnetic resonance imaging/transrectal ultrasound (MRI/TRUS) fusion-guided focal high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy of the prostate has recently been developed as a selective HIFU-therapy technique to enable targeted ablation of prostate cancer. Here we report a series of patients treated with focal HIFU therapy, discuss its potential pitfalls, and address controversies concerning the indications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center prospective study reports outcomes of patients treated from September 2014 to March 2016. Follow-up was a minimum of 12 months. MRI/TRUS-fusion-guided HIFU was performed under general anesthesia using the Focal One® device (EDAP, France). A control biopsy at 12 months was taken using the MRI/TRUS-fusion biopsy platform Artemis™ (Eigen, California) combining targeted and systematic cores. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) changes from baseline, patient-reported outcome measures, and complications using the Clavien-Dindo classification system are also reported. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients (PSA < 10 ng/ml, n = 17 Gleason 3+3, n = 7 Gleason 3+4) with either unifocal or bifocal prostate imaging reporting and data system (PI-RADS) 3-5 lesions (n = 19) or without a PI-RADS lesion (n = 5) were treated. Nineteen patients underwent focal HIFU, five patients zonal HIFU. Of the 20 patients that had biopsies at 12 months, 8 patients had a positive biopsy within the ablation zone (overall cancer free rate: 60%). Using different definitions of clinically significant cancer, the cancer-free rate for the ablation zone varies between 75% and 95%. Four of the eight patients (all persistent Gleason 3+4 or upgrading to 4+3) underwent a radical whole gland salvage therapy. Patient-reported outcome measures showed no significant decrease in urinary continence (expanded prostate cancer index composite -26 urinary incontinence: P = 0.080), but there was a reduction in potency (International index of erectile function in preoperatively potent patients: median decrease of 2 points to a median of 19 points at 12 months; 95% confidence interval: 15.79-22.21; P = 0.044). Only one complication > grade II occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Targeted MRI/TRUS fusion-guided focal HIFU allows local tumor ablation, but is not free from limitations. The procedure has good functional outcomes and a quick recovery. Multicenter trials with more patients are required to determine the procedure´s role in the prostate cancer therapy algorithm.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Ultrassom Focalizado Transretal de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Anticancer Res ; 38(5): 3037-3041, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29715137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study investigated the impact of available preoperative imaging on the reliability and predictive accuracy of RENAL and PADUA nephrometry-scoring systems for renal tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five urologists determined RENAL and PADUA scores using preoperative imaging data (computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) of 100 patients admitted for partial nephrectomy with the following combinations: T0: transverse planes without excretory phase (EP), TC0: transverse and coronal planes without EP, TC1: transverse and coronal planes with EP. Reference standard was obtained by a uro-radiologist. Ischemia time was used as surrogate for surgical complexity. RESULTS: Assignment of EP significantly reduced interobserver-variability among urologists (p<0.0001). Predictive accuracy for surgical complexity or correct assignment to nephrometry risk groups did not depend on image planes or EP. CONCLUSION: Interobserver variability, but not predictive accuracy of nephrometric systems, is affected by additional usage of EP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Humanos
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