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Support Care Cancer ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916007


PURPOSE: Cancer has long-term financial consequences. Adolescent and young adult (AYA) and middle-aged cancer survivors may experience more financial toxicity than older adults. This study examined age differences in financial distress in hematopoietic cell transplant survivors and whether these differences result from measurement bias, more financial barriers to care, or an overall higher level of distress. METHODS: Hematologic malignancy survivors (n = 1135, 2-10 years post-transplant) completed the Cancer and Treatment Distress Scale (CTXD) and demographics as part of the baseline assessment for a randomized clinical trial. The CTXD has seven subscales, but for this study, we examined the financial distress subscale and the overall score. Item response theory analyses tested for bias by age and gender. Multivariate linear regression tested the association of age and gender with the CTXD scores while controlling for financial barriers to care. RESULTS: No bias was found on the CTXD. AYA (p < 0.01) and middle-aged adults (p < 0.001) reported more financial and overall distress than older (age 65+) adults. The same association of age and financial distress was observed in women (p < 0.01). However, only middle-aged men (p < 0.01) reported more financial and overall distress than older men; AYA men did not (p > 0.18). Financial barriers to care were not associated with financial or overall distress. CONCLUSIONS: Part of the increase in financial distress with younger age may be due to a higher risk of general distress. Policy initiatives to control cancer costs should consider life stage and the unique financial challenges at different ages for men and women.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 13(4): 417-23, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23773453


BACKGROUND: Autologous stem cell transplantation is the standard of care for patients with relapsed HL and the long-term outcomes for survivors 2 years after ASCT have not been well described. No prospective trials have compared the effect of different conditioning regimens on outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We searched the Nebraska Lymphoma Study Group database to identify patients with HL who received ASCT from 1984 to 2007. Patients were conditioned with either CBV (cyclophosphamide, carmustine, and etoposide) or BEAM (carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan). RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 8 (range, 2-26) years, 225 patients were alive and disease-free 2 years after ASCT. Analysis was limited to these patients. At 5 years, the progression-free survival (PFS) was 92% for BEAM and 73% for CBV (P = .002) and the overall survival (OS) was 95% for BEAM and 87% for CBV (P = .07). At 10 years, the PFS was 79% for BEAM and 59% for CBV (P = .01) and the OS was 84% for BEAM and 66% for CBV (P = .02). CONCLUSION: Patients with HL who are disease-free and alive 2 years after ASCT have favorable outcomes. We observed lower risk of progression and longer survival associated with use of BEAM vs. CBV. Patients in the BEAM group received a transplant in more recent years so we cannot exclude the possibility that the superior outcomes seen in the BEAM group are because of better supportive care, use of peripheral blood stem cell grafts, or improvements in salvage therapies before transplantation.

Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/cirurgia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Carmustina/administração & dosagem , Criança , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Melfalan/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem