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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(18)2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36142778

RESUMO

There is an ongoing search for novel disinfection techniques that are not only effective, cheap, and convenient, but that also do not have adverse effects on the properties of dental impressions. We compared the effects of various methods (UVC, gaseous ozone, commercial solution, and spray) on the dimensional change, tensile strength, and hardness of silicone impressions. Moreover, as a secondary aim, we performed a statistical comparison of the properties of nondisinfected addition (Panasil Putty Soft, Panasil monophase Medium, Panasil initial contact Light) and condensation silicones (Zetaplus Putty and Oranwash L), as well as a comparison of materials of various viscosities (putty, medium-bodied, and light-bodied). Our results revealed that addition silicones had higher dimensional stability, tensile strength, and Shore A hardness compared to condensation silicones. Both traditional (immersion and spraying) and alternative methods of disinfection (UVC and ozone) had no significant impact on the tensile properties and dimensional stability of the studied silicones; however, they significantly affected the hardness, particularly of Oranwash L. Our study demonstrated that, similarly to standard liquid disinfectants, both UVC and ozone do not strongly affect the material properties of most silicones. However, before recommendation, their usefulness for each individual material should be thoroughly evaluated.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , Ozônio , Desinfecção/métodos , Teste de Materiais , Silicones , Propriedades de Superfície , Viscosidade
2.
Brain Sci ; 12(7)2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35884635

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep bruxism (SB) may appear concomitantly. Data on the relationship between OSA and SB are limited. It was shown that in a population with an increased risk of OSA, OSA was dependently correlated with SB on the degree of OSA severity only in mild and moderate cases of OSA. We aimed to confirm this relationship and affecting factors in a group of dental office patients in a prospective, observational study. Adult patients (n = 119) were evaluated using respiratory polygraphy. The risk of OSA was assessed using a STOP-Bang questionnaire (SBQ). The episodes of bruxism and respiratory events were scored according to the standards of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. The prevalence of OSA and SB was found to be 63.02% and 41.17%, respectively. The bruxism episode index (BEI) was increased in the group with a higher risk of OSA (SBQ ≥ 3) compared to the group with a lower risk of OSA (3.49 ± 3.63 vs. 2.27 ± 2.50, p = 0.03). The sensitivity and specificity of the SBQ were not sufficient to predict SB. A positive linear correlation between AHI and BEI in the group with AHI < 23/h was found. The study confirmed that OSA was associated with SB in the group of patients with OSA and/or SB risk. The relationship between OSA and SB depended on the degree of severity of OSA and occurred in mild and moderate cases of OSA.

3.
J Clin Med ; 11(14)2022 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35887854

RESUMO

(1) Background: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a common sleep behavior. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep-related breathing disorder with potential long-term major neurocognitive and cardiovascular sequelae. Although the co-occurrence of SB and OSA has been described previously, the exact relationship remains unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the incidence of SB in different phenotypes of OSA. (2) Methods: The participants of this study were adult patients referred to the Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Occupational Diseases, Hypertension and Clinical Oncology at the Wroclaw Medical University. They underwent a single-night video polysomnography in a sleep laboratory. The data related to common OSA phenotypes were analyzed in two separate groups of patients: body position related (n = 94) and rapid eye movement (REM) related (n = 85). (3) Results: The obtained results showed that the incidence of SB and severe SB was higher for body position-related OSA phenotype (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). No statistically significant differences were observed for REM-related OSA phenotype (p > 0.05 for all comparisons). (4) Conclusions: Body position-related OSA phenotype seems to be associated with higher SB and severe SB incidence, but the relationship is not independent. However, in the light of the unclear relationship between SB and sleep-disordered breathing, the topic needs further study.

4.
J Clin Med ; 11(11)2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35683499

RESUMO

Sleep bruxism (SB) is a repetitive jaw muscle activity characterized by clenching or grinding of the teeth, which is classified under sleep-related movement disorders in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders-Third Edition. Because the potential common pathomechanism of SB and arterial hypertension is the activation of the sympathetic system as well as an increase in inflammatory factors, we aimed to examine the intensity of SB and the sleep architecture among patients with arterial hypertension. The study included a total of 91 Caucasian adult patients, among whom 31 had arterial hypertension diagnosed according to the current European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Hypertension (ESC/EHS) hypertension guidelines. The control group consisted of 61 normotensive patients. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea were excluded. A single full-night polysomnographic examination was conducted in the Sleep Laboratory, and then the results were analyzed based on the guidelines of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Bruxism episode index (BEI) was higher in the hypertensive group compared to normotensives. The groups also showed statistically significant differences in polysomnographic sleep indexes. Similar to BEI, arousal index, apnea-hypopnea index, and snoring were higher in hypertensives compared to normotensives. On the other hand, the mean and minimal oxygen saturation were lower in hypertensives compared to normotensives. A statistically significant positive correlation was observed between oxygen desaturation index and BEI in the hypertensive group, whereas this correlation was not statistically significant in the case of normotensives. In summary, nonapneic hypertensives had higher SB intensity, altered sleep architecture, decreased mean oxygen saturation, and increased snoring compared to normotensives. The results suggest that dental screening is necessary for patients with arterial hypertension, especially those presenting with the symptoms of SB.

5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 439, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35546396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The complex structure of the stomatognathic system plays a vital role in chewing, digestion, speaking, breathing, facial expression and swallowing. Its complexity is the primary reason for creating multidisciplinary teams to manage temporomandibular disorders (TMD). We aimed to assess the masseter stiffness in patients undergoing conservative therapy for masticatory muscle disorders and evaluate the efficacy of manual therapy and stabilization occlusal splint in the treatment of masticatory muscle disorders. METHODS: This uncontrolled prospective cohort study included 35 patients with masticatory muscle disorders. The study lasted for eight weeks. The patients were treated with manual therapy and stabilization occlusal splint and evaluated using shear wave elastography of the masseter muscles and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to assess pain, anxiety, quality of sleep, satisfaction with life and perceived stress. RESULTS: After the treatment, the stiffness of both masseter muscles decreased significantly (by 4.21 kPa). The patients reported a significant reduction in pain. At baseline, the median scores ranged from 5 to 8; after treatment, they ranged from 0 to 1 (p < 0.0001). The patients also reported significant improvement in terms of all patient-reported outcome measures. The reduction in stiffness corresponded to the improvement in pain and PROMs, as shown by correlations which were insignificant for all measures. CONCLUSIONS: Conservative therapy of masticatory muscle disorders involving manual therapy and stabilization occlusal splint is effective. It reduces the masseter stiffness as objectively shown in shear wave elastography and improves subjective PROMs scores, including numerical pain assessment and selected questionnaires. Shear wave elastography has the potential for broad application in clinical practice to monitor masticatory muscle disorders treatment effects due to its objectivity and non-invasive character. Further research is recommended on larger patient populations and longer follow-up. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov ( NCT03844854 ). First posted date: 19/02/2019.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Músculo Masseter , Tratamento Conservador , Humanos , Músculo Masseter/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos da Mastigação/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Biomedicines ; 10(5)2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35625748

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder. In the pandemic times of the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) therapy of obstructive sleep apnea became even more challenging. After the pandemic outbreak in March 2020, most CPAP treatment recommendations changed because of rising concerns about CPAP usage safety for patients and their families. Therefore, we examined the effectiveness of CPAP and adherence to the therapy of 149 adults with obstructive sleep apnea in the period of two years from 4 March 2019 to 3 March 2021 (before pandemic breakout and during the first year of pandemic). Data on CPAP parameters and adherence to therapy were obtained via a telemetric system. Together, our results demonstrated that the COVID-19 pandemic had no significant impact on CPAP therapy parameters and adherence in whole study group. However, detailed analysis acknowledged that some demographic and clinical features influenced CPAP therapy. The results showed that across subgroups of patients differentiated on the basis of age, gender, co-existing diabetes mellitus, or hypertension, the COVID-19 pandemic seemed to affect CPAP effectiveness. Our results provide a good starting point for discussion on CPAP therapy recommendations during pandemic times.

7.
Chron Respir Dis ; 19: 14799731211052301, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512250

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate and compare the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and mandibular advancement device (MAD) in reducing the intensity of sleep bruxism (SB) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Forty-eight adults with OSA were subjected to single-night full polysomnography (PSG) in the Sleep Laboratory of the Wroclaw Medical University. The respiratory events and bruxism episodes were scored according to the standards of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. The patients were assigned to the CPAP treatment or the MAD treatment in accordance to apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). The second PSG examination was conducted during the MAD or CPAP treatment to assess the effect of treatment on bruxism episode index (BEI) and AHI. The mean AHI and mean BEI in the study material were estimated to be 30.05 ± 15.39 and 5.10 ± 5.31, respectively. The bruxism parameters were significantly decreased in both the CPAP and MAD groups. Compared to the MAD, the CPAP treatment was more effective in reducing AHI; however, there was no significant difference in effectiveness of CPAP and MAD treatment in BEI reduction. Both CPAP and MAD treatments were effective against SB coexisting with OSA. Due to the application of these treatment options, the risk of OSA should be estimated in patients with SB.


Assuntos
Avanço Mandibular , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Bruxismo do Sono , Adulto , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Humanos , Placas Oclusais , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Bruxismo do Sono/complicações , Bruxismo do Sono/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(7)2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35407884

RESUMO

Effective disinfection of dental impressions is an indispensable requirement for the safety of dental personnel and patients. The ideal method should be not only effective but also convenient, cheap, and environmentally friendly. This study aimed to reliably evaluate the efficacy of ultraviolet C (UVC) radiation, gaseous ozone, and commercial liquid chemicals used for silicone dental impressions disinfection. These methods were applied to two types of elastomeric impression materials: condensation silicones and addition silicones of various consistency (putty, medium, and light). The antimicrobial effectiveness against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans was evaluated in vitro by counting colony-forming units (CFU) on the surface of samples. The one-way ANOVA with a Tukey HSD test or the Kruskal-Wallis with a Dunn's test was performed. The results obtained revealed the efficacy of the proposed methods for disinfection of both C-silicones and A-silicones in most of the studied groups. Only one material (Panasil initial contact Light) was not effectively disinfected after UVC irradiation or ozone application. In conclusion, the potential of each disinfection method should be evaluated separately for each material. Moreover, in further research, the possible influence of the proposed methods on the physical properties of the impression materials should be thoroughly investigated.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35270244

RESUMO

Since 25 March 2020, all schools, colleges, and universities in Poland have indefinitely closed and, where possible, have activated distance learning because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Considering that the undergraduate years are usually characterized by a high prevalence of emotional disorders and sleep problems, it can be expected that the current situation may have a remarkable impact on the student population. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of sleep problems among Polish university students as well as the relationship of insomnia symptoms severity with psychopathological symptoms, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and behavioral factors, such as substance use, changes in the amount of sleep, and the level of physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were collected from 1111 Polish university students via an online survey conducted between IV and VI 2020. The survey included demographic variables, the level of psychopathological symptoms (General Health Questionnaire, GHQ-28), insomnia (Insomnia Severity Index, ISI), and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (Impact of Events Scale-Revised, IES-R). The results showed that over half of the studied group of students had some form of sleep disturbances during the period of data collection, with moderate-to-severe insomnia symptoms noted in 21.6%. At the same time, the majority of the sample declared they slept more during the pandemic. A significant positive correlation was observed between the severity of insomnia symptoms and PTSD symptoms, as well as GHQ scores, increased substance use, and decreased physical activity. An additional association between the presence of dreams related to the event and insomnia symptoms as well as GHQ scores has been found. The results suggest that sleep problems may be prevalent among university students during the pandemic. Moreover, although the symptoms of insomnia, as well as the severity of sleep disturbance, significantly correlated with all the investigated variables, the direction of those associations remains to be established.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Polônia/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Universidades
10.
J Clin Med ; 11(3)2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35159976

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a widespread masticatory muscle activity during sleep and affects approximately 13.2% of the general population. Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) plays a role in preventing the shortening of the telomere. This prospective, observational study aimed to investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of TERT and the severity of SB and to identify the independent risk factors for SB. METHODS: A total of 112 patients were diagnosed by performing one-night polysomnography based on the guidelines of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. TERT SNP was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). RESULTS: Statistical analysis showed the lack of relationship between the rs2853669 polymorphism of TERT and severity of SB (p > 0.05). However, the study showed that patients with allele T in the 2736100 polymorphism of TERT had a lower score on the phasic bruxism episode index (BEI). Based on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the value of phasic BEI was 0.8 for the differential prediction for the presence of allele T in the locus. The sensitivity and specificity were 0.328 and 0.893, respectively. The regression analysis showed that lack of TERT rs2736100 T allele, male gender, and arterial hypertension are the risk factors for the higher value of phasic BEI. CONCLUSION: The SNP of the TERT gene affects phasic SB intensity. The absence of TERT rs2736100 T allele, male sex, and arterial hypertension are independent risk factors for phasic SB.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(2)2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35054931

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of thermocycling on the shear bond strength of self-adhesive, self-etching resin cements luted to human dentin and computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) ceramics. Three modern self-adhesive dental cements (Maxcem Elite, RelyX U200, Panavia SA) were used to lute three CAD/CAM ceramics (IPS Empress CAD, IPS e.max CAD, IPS e.max ZirCAD) onto the dentin. One conventional cement (Panavia V5) served as a control. After preparation, the samples were subjected to thermocycling as a method of artificial aging of dental materials applied to simulate long-term use in oral conditions. Shear bond strength was evaluated according to PN-EN ISO 29022:2013-10 and failure modes were observed under a light microscope. Statistical analysis was performed. The study demonstrated that a combination of ceramics and cements directly impacts the bond strength. The highest bond strength was observed in Panavia V5, lower in Panavia SA and Maxcem Elite and the lowest-in RelyX U200. Adhesive failure between human dentin and cements was the most common failure mode. Moreover, thermocycling highly decreased bond strength of self-adhesive, self-etching cements.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Dentina/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Temperatura , Cerâmica/química , Fenômenos Químicos , Colagem Dentária , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
Cranio ; 40(2): 107-112, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969083

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the correlation between the Bruxism Episodes Index (BEI) that determines the number of bruxism episodes per hour of sleep and sleep quality as measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).Methods: Seventy-seven participants (56 women and 21 men) in which probable sleep bruxism was diagnosed using guidelines of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine underwent video-polysomnography. Sleep quality was measured using PSQI.Results: The analysis showed the lack of a statistically significant correlation between the BEI and PSQI scores (p = 0.55). Analysis also showed that the study group (bruxers) and control group (non-bruxers) did not differ significantly in terms of PSQI scores (p = 0.88).Conclusion: The intensity of bruxism seems not to affect the quality of sleep. However, the topic of the relationship between sleep quality and the occurrence of sleep bruxism requires further research, taking into account co-occurring sleep disorders and sleep architecture.


Assuntos
Bruxismo do Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polissonografia , Sono , Bruxismo do Sono/complicações , Bruxismo do Sono/diagnóstico
13.
Clin Oral Investig ; 26(4): 3605-3612, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34882257

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This exploratory research aimed to evaluate the levels of tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1) and aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase (DDC), which play an important role in the serotonin synthesis pathway, in individuals with sleep bruxism (SB) diagnosed using audio-video polysomnography (vPSG) and compare them with that of individuals not presenting with SB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included adult patients hospitalized in the Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Occupational Diseases, Hypertension and Clinical Oncology at the Wroclaw Medical University. The participants underwent a single-night vPSG for the evaluation of the SB parameters. Peripheral blood samples were also collected from them for estimating the serum levels of TPH1 and DDC. RESULTS: A total of 105 patients (80 women and 25 men) were included in the study. All the patients were Caucasians and aged 18-63 years (mean age: 33.43 ± 10.8 years). Seventy-five patients (71.43%) presented with SB, of which 50 (47.62%) had severe SB, while the remaining 30 patients (28.57%) did not. No statistically significant differences in TPH1 and DDC levels were observed between the individuals with SB and without SB. A significant negative correlation was found between tonic SB episodes and DDC levels (p = 0.0012). Other correlations between the SB parameters and the levels of the studied enzymes were statistically insignificant (p > 0.05 for all comparisons). CONCLUSIONS: The levels of the enzymes that are crucial for serotonin synthesis (TPH1 and DDC) did not seem to influence SB. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study provides important insights for further research on the relationship between the serotonin pathway and SB, which should take into account not only the process of serotonin synthesis but also the effect of serotonin-dependent neurotransmission on SB.


Assuntos
Serotonina , Bruxismo do Sono , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polissonografia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Sleep Breath ; 26(2): 941-948, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is a collective term that refers to complaints of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, fatigue and/or pain of the craniocervical muscles, limitation of movement of the mandible, and TMJ noises. Sleep bruxism (SB) is a disorder involving rhythmic (phasic) or non-rhythmic (tonic) masticatory muscle activity during sleep and is not a movement disorder or a sleep disorder in otherwise healthy individuals. The present study aimed to support or reject the null hypothesis that there is no association between SB and TMD. METHODS: The study population was recruited from patients who visited the Artmedica Clinic, Mossoro city, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Patients who underwent polysomnography received information about the research and were invited to participate following the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study sample consisted of 40 individuals with age ranging from 19 to 76 years. The subjects were administered the questionnaire of the European Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders (AEDC). Those who answered affirmatively to at least one question of the questionnaire were recommended to visit the primary researcher's dental clinic for examination; those who met the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) were evaluated, and their condition was classified into one or more subtypes of TMD. The subjects were divided into 4 groups according to the polysomnographic findings and the responses to the AEDC questionnaire. Of the 40 individuals who answered the AEDC questionnaire and underwent polysomnography, 28 presented with TMD symptoms. The data were expressed as simple frequency and percentage values using statistical software. Values of p < 0.05 were considered to be significant. RESULTS: The results showed that the frequency of TMD in individuals diagnosed to have SB was 46.4%. According to the DC/TMD of the 28 individuals, the most prevalent TMD subtype was local myalgia (85.7%). Of the total subjects, 32.5% had TMD and SB, 36.4% were males, and in the age range of 31 to 40 years (40%). CONCLUSION: In this study sample, there was no association between SB as currently defined and TMD, thus confirming previous findings on this topic.


Assuntos
Bruxismo do Sono , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dor Facial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Músculos da Mastigação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Bruxismo do Sono/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Oral Rehabil ; 49(4): 422-429, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34907576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a complex behaviour that seems to be associated with the serotoninergic pathway. OBJECTIVES: This exploratory research aimed to evaluate the levels of serotonin in individuals with sleep bruxism diagnosed by video polysomnography. The study also evaluated whether the levels of serotonin were associated with body mass index, heart rate, and sleep parameters. METHODS: The study participants were adults hospitalised in the Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Occupational Diseases, Hypertension and Clinical Oncology at the Wroclaw Medical University. They underwent a single-night video polysomnography during which sleep and SB parameters and heart rate were evaluated. Additionally, body mass index and blood serotonin levels were evaluated for each patient. RESULTS: A total of 105 patients were included in this study (80 women and 25 men). All the patients were Caucasians aged 18-63 years, with a mean age ± (standard deviation) of 33.43± 10.8 years. Seventy-five patients (71.43%) presented sleep bruxism (bruxism episodes index ≥2) and 30 (28.57%) did not. Fifty patients (47.62%) presented severe sleep bruxism (bruxism episodes index >4). The results showed that lower blood serotonin levels were associated with severe sleep bruxism; increased bruxism episodes index, rapid eye movement sleep, and body mass index; and decreased maximal pulse. CONCLUSION: Severe sleep bruxism and the associated phenomena seem to co-occur with lower blood serotonin levels. The study supports the hypothesis on the relationship between the serotoninergic pathway and sleep bruxism.


Assuntos
Serotonina , Bruxismo do Sono , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sono , Adulto Jovem
16.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641600

RESUMO

This study aimed to characterize the hydrogel micro- and macro-particles designed to deliver curcumin to human colon cancer cells (LoVo). Six series of vehicles based on sodium alginate (micro- and macro-particles, uncoated, coated with chitosan or gelatin) were synthesized. The uncoated microparticles were fabricated using an emulsion-based technique and the uncoated macroparticles with an extrusion technique, with both coupled with ionotropic gelation. The surface morphology of the particles was examined with scanning electron microscopy and the average size was measured. The encapsulation efficiency, moisture content, and swelling index were calculated. The release of curcumin from the particles was studied in an experiment simulating the conditions of the stomach, intestine, and colon. To evaluate the anticancer properties of such targeted drug delivery systems, the cytotoxicity of both curcumin-loaded and unloaded carriers to human colon cancer cells was assessed. The microparticles encapsulated much less of the payload than the macroparticles and released their content in a more prolonged manner. The unloaded carriers were not cytotoxic to LoVo cells, while the curcumin-loaded vehicles impaired their viability-more significantly after incubation with microparticles compared to macroparticles. Gelatin-coated or uncoated microparticles were the most promising carriers but their potential anticancer activity requires further thorough investigation.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Curcumina/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacologia , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Alginatos/química , Alginatos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Gelatina/química , Gelatina/farmacologia , Humanos , Microesferas , Tamanho da Partícula
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638678

RESUMO

The success of modern dental treatment is strongly dependent on the materials used both temporarily and permanently. Among all dental materials, polymers are a very important class with a wide spectrum of applications. This review aims to provide a state-of-the-art overview of the recent advances in the field of natural polymers used to maintain or restore oral health. It focuses on the properties of the most common proteins and polysaccharides of natural origin in terms of meeting the specific biological requirements in the increasingly demanding field of modern dentistry. The use of naturally derived polymers in different dental specialties for preventive and therapeutic purposes has been discussed. The major fields of application cover caries and the management of periodontal diseases, the fabrication of membranes and scaffolds for the regeneration of dental structures, the manufacturing of oral appliances and dentures as well as providing systems for oral drug delivery. This paper also includes a comparative characteristic of natural and synthetic dental polymers. Finally, the current review highlights new perspectives, possible future advancements, as well as challenges that may be encountered by researchers in the field of dental applications of polymers of natural origin.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Polímeros/farmacologia , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/tratamento farmacológico , Regeneração/efeitos dos fármacos , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501961

RESUMO

Shear wave elastography (SWE) is an objective and reliable method for the assessment of muscles and internal organs. Every organ exhibits its own stiffness characteristics and hence requires individual reference values. We aimed to determine the reference values of stiffness of the masseter muscle in healthy adult individuals using SWE. We analyzed the data of 140 participants (74 men, 66 women) with a median age of 50 years. The overall mean elasticity was 10.67 ± 1.77 kPa. The average values were lower by 2.25 kPa (9.15%) in women compared to men (9.48 ± 1.47 kPa vs. 11.73 ± 1.27 kPa; p < 0.0001). The values of stiffness increased with age, with a correlation coefficient of about 0.35 and a p < 0.0001. Age was a significant influencing factor of masseter muscle stiffness. The left and right masseters had similar stiffness. We conclude that stiffness values are significantly lower in women than in men with a difference of 9%. Age significantly influences the stiffness of masseter muscle, and the values of stiffness increase significantly with age, particularly in men. However, further studies are required to determine the precise ranges of stiffness accounting for age and sex in healthy subjects and people with disorders and conditions of the masticatory system.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Adulto , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Masseter/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculos , Valores de Referência
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574544

RESUMO

In children, the quality and muscle function are altered in many pathologic conditions, including temporomandibular disorders. Although several methods have been used to evaluate muscle tonus, none became a golden standard. Moreover, the masseter muscle characteristics in children have not been investigated to date. This study aimed to measure the stiffness of the masseter muscle using shear-wave elastography in healthy children. We enrolled 30 healthy children (mean age 10.87 ± 3.38 years). The stiffness of masseter muscles was measured with shear wave elastography. Stiffness for the total sample was 6.37 ± 0.77 kPa. A comparison of the measurements did not show significant differences between the right and the left masseter muscles (left-6.47 ± 0.78 kPa; right-6.24 ± 0.76 kPa; p = 0.3546). A significant difference was seen between boys and girls (boys-5.94 ± 0.50 kPa; girls-6.63 ± 0.80; p = 0.0006). Shear-wave elastography is a promising diagnostic tool. It may help to detect changes in the stiffness of the masseter muscle and draw attention to pathological processes within the jaw muscles. Directions for further research shall include determining stiffness values in pathological conditions and the impact of biological and functional factors on the stiffness of the masseter muscle.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Masseter/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos , Valores de Referência
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