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1.
Int J Pharm ; 609: 121117, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562556

RESUMO

Small interfering RNAs (siRNA) are attractive and powerful tools to inhibit the expression of a targeted gene. However, their extreme hydrophilicities combined with a negative charge and short plasma half-life counteract their use as therapeutics. Previously, we chemically linked siRNA to squalene (SQ) which self-assembled as nanoparticles (NPs) with pharmacological efficiency in cancers and recently in a hereditary neuropathy. In order to understand the siRNA-SQ NP assembly and fate once intravenously injected, the present study detailed characterization of siRNA-SQ NP structure and its interaction with serum components. From SAXS and SANS analysis, we propose that the siRNA-SQ bioconjugate self-assembled as 11-nm diameter supramolecular assemblies, which are connected one to another to form spherical nanoparticles of around 130-nm diameter. The siRNA-SQ NPs were stable in biological media and interacted with serum components, notably with albumin and LDL. The high specificity of siRNA to decrease or normalize gene expression and the high colloidal stability when encapsulated into squalene nanoparticles offer promising targeted therapy with wide applications for pathologies with gene expression dysregulation.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(32): 7659-7664, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351767

RESUMO

From stem cell freeze-drying to organ storage, considerable recent efforts have been directed toward the development of new preservation technologies. A prominent protein stabilizing strategy involves vitrification in glassy matrices, most notably those formed of sugars such as the biologically relevant preservative trehalose. Here, we compare the folding thermodynamics of a model miniprotein in solution and in the glassy state of the sugars trehalose and glucose. Using synchrotron radiation circular dichroism (SRCD), we find that the same native structure persists in solution and glass. However, upon transition to the glass, a completely different, conformationally restricted unfolded state replaces the disordered denatured state found in solution, potentially inhibiting misfolding. Concomitantly, a large exothermic contribution is observed in glass, exposing the stabilizing effect of interactions with the sugar matrix on the native state. Our results shed light on the mechanism of protein stabilization in sugar glass and should aid in future preservation technologies.


Assuntos
Conformação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Estabilidade Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas/metabolismo , Trealose/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Dobramento de Proteína/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas/química , Termodinâmica , Vitrificação
3.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 10(3)2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806663

RESUMO

Hfq is a bacterial regulator with key roles in gene expression. The protein notably regulates translation efficiency and RNA decay in Gram-negative bacteria, thanks to its binding to small regulatory noncoding RNAs. This property is of primary importance for bacterial adaptation and survival in hosts. Small RNAs and Hfq are, for instance, involved in the response to antibiotics. Previous work has shown that the E. coli Hfq C-terminal region (Hfq-CTR) self-assembles into an amyloid structure. It was also demonstrated that the green tea compound EpiGallo Catechin Gallate (EGCG) binds to Hfq-CTR amyloid fibrils and remodels them into nonamyloid structures. Thus, compounds that target the amyloid region of Hfq may be used as antibacterial agents. Here, we show that another compound that inhibits amyloid formation, apomorphine, may also serve as a new antibacterial. Our results provide an alternative in order to repurpose apomorphine, commonly used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, as an antibiotic to block bacterial adaptation to treat infections.

4.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2209: 87-108, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201464

RESUMO

Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopies are fast techniques providing important information about the conformation of nucleic acids and proteins. These vibrational and electronic absorption spectroscopies are extremely sensitive to any change in molecular structure. While numerous reviews describe how to analyze DNA structure alone or in the presence of proteins using FTIR and CD, analyses of RNA are scarce. Nevertheless, RNA remodeling proteins are important factors involved in a multitude of roles in the cell. In this chapter, we present applications of synchrotron radiation circular dichroism (SRCD) and FTIR to analyze how proteins may change RNA structure. These include the analysis of RNA melting, or stabilization, of change in helical parameters and base stacking. The effects on the structure of RNA remodeling proteins are also presented.


Assuntos
Dicroísmo Circular/métodos , Nucleoproteínas/química , Proteínas/química , RNA/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína
5.
Microorganisms ; 8(10)2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080799

RESUMO

G-rich DNA repeats that can form G-quadruplex structures are prevalent in bacterial genomes and are frequently associated with regulatory regions of genes involved in virulence, antigenic variation, and antibiotic resistance. These sequences are also inherently mutagenic and can lead to changes affecting cell survival and adaptation. Transcription of the G-quadruplex-forming repeat (G3T)n in E. coli, when mRNA comprised the G-rich strand, promotes G-quadruplex formation in DNA and increases rates of deletion of G-quadruplex-forming sequences. The genomic instability of G-quadruplex repeats may be a source of genetic variability that can influence alterations and evolution of bacteria. The DNA chaperone Hfq is involved in the genetic instability of these G-quadruplex sequences. Inactivation of the hfq gene decreases the genetic instability of G-quadruplex, demonstrating that the genomic instability of this regulatory element can be influenced by the E. coli highly pleiotropic Hfq protein, which is involved in small noncoding RNA regulation pathways, and DNA organization and packaging. We have shown previously that the protein binds to and stabilizes these sequences, increasing rates of their genomic instability. Here, we extend this analysis to characterize the role of the C-terminal domain of Hfq protein in interaction with G-quadruplex structures. This allows to better understand the function of this specific region of the Hfq protein in genomic instability.

6.
Biomacromolecules ; 21(9): 3668-3677, 2020 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32786728

RESUMO

Molecular transport of biomolecules plays a pivotal role in the machinery of life. Yet, this role is poorly understood due the lack of quantitative information. Here, the role and properties of the C-terminal region of Escherichia coli Hfq is reported, involved in controlling the flow of a DNA solution. A combination of experimental methodologies has been used to probe the interaction of Hfq with DNA and to measure the rheological properties of the complex. A physical gel with a temperature reversible elasticity modulus is formed due to the formation of noncovalent cross-links. The mechanical response of the complexes shows that they are inhomogeneous soft solids. Our experiments indicate that the Hfq C-terminal region could contribute to the genome's mechanical response. The reported viscoelasticity of the DNA-protein complex might have implications for cellular processes involving molecular transport of DNA or segments thereof.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Fator Proteico 1 do Hospedeiro , DNA/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo
7.
ACS Nano ; 14(7): 9073-9088, 2020 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633939

RESUMO

Few experimental techniques allow the analysis of the protein corona in situ. As a result, little is known on the effects of nanoparticles on weakly bound proteins that form the soft corona. Despite its biological importance, our understanding of the molecular bases driving its formation is limited. Here, we show that hemoglobin can form either a hard or a soft corona on silica nanoparticles depending on the pH conditions. Using cryoTEM and synchrotron-radiation circular dichroism, we show that nanoparticles alter the structure and the stability of weakly bound proteins in situ. Molecular dynamics simulation identified the structural elements driving protein-nanoparticle interaction. Based on thermodynamic analysis, we show that nanoparticles stabilize partially unfolded protein conformations by enthalpy-driven molecular interactions. We suggest that nanoparticles alter weakly bound proteins by shifting the equilibrium toward the unfolded states at physiological temperature. We show that the classical approach based on nanoparticle separation from the biological medium fails to detect destabilization of weakly bound proteins, and therefore cannot be used to fully predict the biological effects of nanomaterials in situ.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Coroa de Proteína , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas , Dióxido de Silício
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(13)2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32630060

RESUMO

The gadolinium-based nanoagent named AGuIX® is a unique radiosensitizer and contrast agent which improves the performance of radiotherapy and medical imaging. Currently tested in clinical trials, AGuIX® is administrated to patients via intravenous injection. The presence of nanoparticles in the blood stream may induce harmful effects due to undesired interactions with blood components. Thus, there is an emerging need to understand the impact of these nanoagents when meeting blood proteins. In this work, the influence of nanoagents on the structure and stability of the most abundant blood protein, human serum albumin, is presented. Synchrotron radiation circular dichroism showed that AGuIX® does not bind to the protein, even at the high ratio of 45 nanoparticles per protein at 3 mg/L. However, it increases the stability of the albumin. Isothermal thermodynamic calorimetry and fluorescence emission spectroscopy demonstrated that the effect is due to preferential hydration processes. Thus, this study confirms that intravenous injection of AGuIX® presents limited risks of perturbing the blood stream. In a wider view, the methodology developed in this work may be applied to rapidly evaluate the impact and risk of other nano-products that could come into contact with the bloodstream.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Gadolínio/efeitos adversos , Nanopartículas/efeitos adversos , Albumina Sérica/efeitos dos fármacos , Calorimetria , Dicroísmo Circular , Humanos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Testes de Toxicidade
9.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2113: 135-148, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006313

RESUMO

Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy is a fast and simple technique providing important information about the conformation of nucleic acids, proteins, sugars, lipids, and their interactions between each other. This electronic absorption spectroscopy method is extremely sensitive to any change in molecular structure containing asymmetric molecules. While numerous reviews describe how to analyze deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) structures using CD, analyses of ribonucleic acids (RNAs) are scarce. Nevertheless, RNAs are important molecules involved in a multitude of roles in the cell. In this chapter, we present applications of synchrotron radiation circular dichroism (SRCD) extending the spectral range down to 170 nm, improving structural analysis of RNA, including the analysis of helical parameters and alternative structures found in RNA. The effects of temperature to measure thermodynamic parameters and analyze ribonucleoprotein complexes will also be presented.


Assuntos
Dicroísmo Circular/instrumentação , RNA/química , RNA/metabolismo , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Dobramento de RNA , Ribonucleoproteínas/química , Síncrotrons
10.
Nanoscale ; 12(4): 2793-2809, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961354

RESUMO

In the field of nanomedicine, nanostructured nanoparticles (NPs) made of self-assembling prodrugs emerged in the recent years with promising properties. In particular, squalene-based drug nanoparticles have already shown their efficiency through in vivo experiments. However, a complete pattern of their stability and interactions in the blood stream is still lacking. In this work we assess the behavior of squalene-adenosine (SQAd) nanoparticles - whose neuroprotective effect has already been demonstrated in murine models - in the presence of fetal bovine serum (FBS) and of bovine serum albumin (BSA), the main protein of blood plasma. Extensive physicochemical characterizations were performed using Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS), cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (Cryo-TEM), circular dichroism (CD), steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy (SSFS) and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) as well as in silico by means of ensemble docking simulations with human serum albumin (HSA). Significant changes in the colloidal stability of the nanoparticles in the presence of serum albumin were observed. SANS, CD and SSFS analyses demonstrated an interaction between SQAd and BSA, with a partial disassembly of the nanoparticles in the presence of BSA and the formation of a complex between SQAd and BSA. The interaction free energy of SQAd nanoparticles with BSA derived from ITC experiments, is about -8 kcal mol-1 which is further supported in silico by ensemble docking simulations. Overall, our results show that serum albumin partially disassembles SQAd nanoparticles by extracting individual SQAd monomers from them. As a consequence, the SQAd nanoparticles would act as a circulating reservoir in the blood stream. The approach developed in this study could be extended to other soft organic nanoparticles.


Assuntos
Adenosina/química , Nanopartículas/química , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Esqualeno/química , Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Coloides , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Humanos , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Pró-Fármacos/química , Pró-Fármacos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Albumina Sérica/química , Esqualeno/metabolismo
11.
Microorganisms ; 7(12)2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816864

RESUMO

The Hfq protein is reported to be involved in environmental adaptation and virulence of several bacteria. In Gram-negative bacteria, Hfq mediates the interaction between regulatory noncoding RNAs and their target mRNAs. Besides these RNA-related functions, Hfq is also associated with DNA and is a part of the bacterial chromatin. Its precise role in DNA structuration is, however, unclear and whether Hfq plays a direct role in DNA-related processes such as replication or recombination is controversial. In previous works, we showed that Escherichia coli Hfq, or more precisely its amyloid-like C-terminal region (CTR), induces DNA compaction into a condensed form. In this paper, we evidence a new property for Hfq; precisely we show that its CTR influences double helix structure and base tilting, resulting in a strong local alignment of nucleoprotein Hfq:DNA fibers. The significance of this alignment is discussed in terms of chromatin structuration and possible functional consequences on evolutionary processes and adaptation to environment.

12.
Microorganisms ; 8(1)2019 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877879

RESUMO

Certain G-rich DNA repeats can form quadruplex in bacterial chromatin that can present blocks to DNA replication and, if not properly resolved, may lead to mutations. To understand the participation of quadruplex DNA in genomic instability in Escherichia coli (E. coli), mutation rates were measured for quadruplex-forming DNA repeats, including (G3T)4, (G3T)8, and a RET oncogene sequence, cloned as the template or nontemplate strand. We evidence that these alternative structures strongly influence mutagenesis rates. Precisely, our results suggest that G-quadruplexes form in E. coli cells, especially during transcription when the G-rich strand can be displaced by R-loop formation. Structure formation may then facilitate replication misalignment, presumably associated with replication fork blockage, promoting genomic instability. Furthermore, our results also evidence that the nucleoid-associated protein Hfq is involved in the genetic instability associated with these sequences. Hfq binds and stabilizes G-quadruplex structure in vitro and likely in cells. Collectively, our results thus implicate quadruplexes structures and Hfq nucleoid protein in the potential for genetic change that may drive evolution or alterations of bacterial gene expression.

13.
Struct Dyn ; 6(5): 054307, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700943

RESUMO

Ultraviolet (UV) synchrotron radiation circular dichroism (SRCD) spectroscopy has made an important contribution to the determination and understanding of the structure of bio-molecules. In this paper, we report an innovative approach that we term time-resolved SRCD (tr-SRCD), which overcomes the limitations of current broadband UV SRCD setups. This technique allows accessing ultrafast time scales (down to nanoseconds), previously measurable only by other methods, such as infrared (IR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), fluorescence and absorbance spectroscopies, and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The tr-SRCD setup takes advantage of the natural polarization of the synchrotron radiation emitted by a bending magnet to record broadband UV CD faster than any current SRCD setup, improving the acquisition speed from 10 mHz to 130 Hz and the accessible temporal resolution by several orders of magnitude. We illustrate the new approach by following the isomer concentration changes of an azopeptide after a photoisomerization. This breakthrough in SRCD spectroscopy opens up a wide range of potential applications to the detailed characterization of biological processes, such as protein folding and protein-ligand binding.

14.
Pathogens ; 8(1)2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30889801

RESUMO

Hfq is a bacterial protein that regulates gene expression at the post-transcriptional level in Gram-negative bacteria. We have previously shown that Escherichia coli Hfq protein, and more precisely its C-terminal region (CTR), self-assembles into an amyloid-like structure in vitro. In the present work, we present evidence that Hfq unambiguously forms amyloid structures also in vivo. Taking into account the role of this protein in bacterial adaptation and virulence, our work opens possibilities to target Hfq amyloid self-assembly and cell location, with important potential to block bacterial adaptation and treat infections.

15.
Pathogens ; 7(4)2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30513780

RESUMO

Hfq is a pleiotropic regulator that has key roles in the control of genetic expression. The protein noticeably regulates translation efficiency and RNA decay in Gram-negative bacteria, due to the Hfq-mediated interaction between small regulatory noncoding RNA and mRNA. This property is of primary importance for bacterial adaptation and virulence. We have previously shown that the Hfq E. coli protein, and more precisely its C-terminal region (CTR), self-assembles into an amyloid-like structure. In the present work, we demonstrate that epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major green tea polyphenol compound, targets the Hfq amyloid region and can be used as a potential antibacterial agent. We analysed the effect of this compound on Hfq amyloid fibril stability and show that EGCG both disrupts Hfq-CTR fibrils and inhibits their formation. We show that, even if EGCG affects other bacterial amyloids, it also specifically targets Hfq-CTR in vivo. Our results provide an alternative approach for the utilisation of EGCG that may be used synergistically with conventional antibiotics to block bacterial adaptation and treat infections.

16.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 16792, 2018 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30429520

RESUMO

Hfq is a pleiotropic regulator that mediates several aspects of bacterial RNA metabolism. The protein notably regulates translation efficiency and RNA decay in Gram-negative bacteria, usually via its interaction with small regulatory RNA. Besides these RNA-related functions, Hfq has also been described as one of the nucleoid associated proteins shaping the bacterial chromosome. Therefore, Hfq appears as a versatile nucleic acid-binding protein, which functions are probably even more numerous than those initially suggested. For instance, E. coli Hfq, and more precisely its C-terminal region (CTR), has been shown to induce DNA compaction into a condensed form. In this paper, we establish that DNA induces Hfq-CTR amyloidogenesis, resulting in a change of DNA local conformation. Furthermore, we clarify the effect of Hfq on DNA topology. Our results evidence that, even if the protein has a strong propensity to compact DNA thanks to its amyloid region, it does not affect overall DNA topology. We confirm however that hfq gene disruption influences plasmid supercoiling in vivo, indicating that the effect on DNA topology in former reports was indirect. Most likely, this effect is related to small regulatory sRNA-Hfq-based regulation of another protein that influences DNA supercoiling, possibly a nucleoid associated protein such as H-NS or Dps. Finally, we hypothesise that this indirect effect on DNA topology explains, at least partially, the previously reported effect of Hfq on plasmid replication efficiency.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Fator Proteico 1 do Hospedeiro/fisiologia , Proteínas Amiloidogênicas/fisiologia , Proteínas de Bactérias , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/fisiologia , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/fisiologia , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico
17.
J Mol Biol ; 430(20): 3784-3801, 2018 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30096347

RESUMO

Hydrophobins are amphiphilic proteins secreted by filamentous fungi in a soluble form, which can self-assemble at hydrophilic/hydrophobic or water/air interfaces to form amphiphilic layers that have multiple biological roles. We have investigated the conformational changes that occur upon self-assembly of six hydrophobins that form functional amyloid fibrils with a rodlet morphology. These hydrophobins are present in the cell wall of spores from different fungal species. From available structures and NMR chemical shifts, we established the secondary structures of the monomeric forms of these proteins and monitored their conformational changes upon amyloid rodlet formation or thermal transitions using synchrotron radiation circular dichroism and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Thermal transitions were followed by synchrotron radiation circular dichroism in quartz cells that allowed for microbubbles and hence water/air interfaces to form and showed irreversible conformations that differed from the rodlet state for most of the proteins. In contrast, thermal transitions on hermetic calcium fluoride cells showed reversible conformational changes. Heating hydrophobin solutions with a water/air interface on a silicon crystal surface in FT-IR experiments resulted in a gain in ß-sheet content typical of amyloid fibrils for all except one protein. Rodlet formation was further confirmed by electron microscopy. FT-IR spectra of pre-formed hydrophobin rodlet preparations also showed a gain in ß-sheet characteristic of the amyloid cross-ß structure. Our results indicate that hydrophobins are capable of significant conformational plasticity and the nature of the assemblies formed by these surface-active proteins is highly dependent on the interface at which self-assembly takes place.


Assuntos
Amiloide/química , Amiloide/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/química , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Proteica , Amiloide/ultraestrutura , Temperatura Alta , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Análise Espectral , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 46(W1): W315-W322, 2018 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29893907

RESUMO

Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy is a widely used method to study the protein secondary structure. However, for decades, the general opinion was that the correct estimation of ß-sheet content is challenging because of the large spectral and structural diversity of ß-sheets. Recently, we showed that the orientation and twisting of ß-sheets account for the observed spectral diversity, and developed a new method to estimate accurately the secondary structure (PNAS, 112, E3095). BeStSel web server provides the Beta Structure Selection method to analyze the CD spectra recorded by conventional or synchrotron radiation CD equipment. Both normalized and measured data can be uploaded to the server either as a single spectrum or series of spectra. The originality of BeStSel is that it carries out a detailed secondary structure analysis providing information on eight secondary structure components including parallel-ß structure and antiparallel ß-sheets with three different groups of twist. Based on these, it predicts the protein fold down to the topology/homology level of the CATH protein fold classification. The server also provides a module to analyze the structures deposited in the PDB for BeStSel secondary structure contents in relation to Dictionary of Secondary Structure of Proteins data. The BeStSel server is freely accessible at http://bestsel.elte.hu.


Assuntos
Internet , Dobramento de Proteína , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Software , Algoritmos , Dicroísmo Circular , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Proteínas/química , Proteínas/genética
19.
Langmuir ; 34(24): 7180-7191, 2018 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29772895

RESUMO

The common view on the amyloid fibril formation is that it is a multistep process that involves many oligomeric intermediate species, which leads to a high degree of polymorphism. This view derives from numerous kinetic studies whose vast majority was carried out with amyloid ß fragments or other pathological amyloidogenic sequences. Yet, it is not clear whether the mechanisms inferred from these studies are universal and also apply to functional amyloids, in particular to peptide hormones which form reversible amyloid structures. In the present work, we study the self-assembly properties of atosiban, a nonapeptide drug, whose sequence is very close to those of the oxytocin and vasopressin hormones. We show that this very soluble peptide consistently self-assembles into 7 nm wide amyloid fibrils above a critical aggregation concentration (2-10 w/w % depending on the buffer conditions). The peptide system is characterized in details, from the monomeric to the assembled form, with osmotic concentration measurements, transmission electron microscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, infrared and fluorescence spectroscopy, and circular dichroism (CD). We have followed in situ the fibril assembly with fluorescence and synchrotron radiation CD and noticed that the peptide undergoes conformational changes during the process. However, several lines of evidence point toward the association of monomers and dimers into fibrils without passing through oligomeric intermediate species contrary to what is usually reported for pathogenic amyloids. The native ß-hairpin conformation of the monomer could explain the straightforward assembly. The tyrosine stacking is also shown to play an important role.


Assuntos
Amiloide/química , Dicroísmo Circular , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Vasotocina/análogos & derivados , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Cinética , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Vasotocina/química
20.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1737: 321-340, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29484601

RESUMO

Post-transcriptional control of gene expression by small regulatory noncoding RNA (sRNA) needs protein accomplices to occur. Past research mainly focused on the RNA chaperone Hfq as cofactor. Nevertheless, recent studies indicated that other proteins might be involved in sRNA-based regulations. As some of these proteins have been shown to self-assemble, we describe in this chapter protocols to analyze the nano-assemblies formed. Precisely, we focus our analysis on Escherichia coli Hfq as a model, but the protocols presented here can be applied to analyze any polymer of proteins. This chapter thus provides a guideline to develop commonly used approaches to detect prokaryotic protein self-assembly, with a special focus on the detection of amyloidogenic polymers.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Fator Proteico 1 do Hospedeiro/metabolismo , Multimerização Proteica , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/química , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Fator Proteico 1 do Hospedeiro/química , Fator Proteico 1 do Hospedeiro/genética , Técnicas In Vitro , Ligação Proteica , RNA Bacteriano/química , RNA Bacteriano/genética , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/química , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/genética
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