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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4305-4314, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579104

RESUMO

A new member of the family Flavobacteriaceae was isolated from the biofilm of a stone at Nordstrand, a peninsula at the German North Sea shore. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain ANORD1T was most closely related to the validly described type strains Polaribacter porphyrae LNM-20T (97.0 %) and Polaribacter reichenbachii KMM 6386T (96.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and clustered with Polaribacter gangjinensis K17-16T (96.0 %). Strain ANORD1T was determined to be mesophilic, Gram-negative, non-motile and strictly aerobic. Optimal growth was observed at 20-30 °C, within a salinity range of 2-7 % sea salt and from pH 7-10. Like other type strains of the genus Polaribacter, ANORD1T was tested negative for flexirubin-type pigments, while carotenoid-type pigments were detected. The DNA G+C content of strain ANORD1T was 30.6 mol%. The sole respiratory quinone detected was menaquinone 6 (MK-6). The major fatty acids identified were C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, C15 : 1 ω6c and iso-C15 : 0 3-OH. Based on the polyphasic approach, strain ANORD1T represents a novel species in the genus Polaribacter, with the name Polaribacter septentrionalilitoris sp. nov. being proposed. The type strain is ANORD1T (=DSM 110039T=NCIMB 15081T=MTCC 12685T).


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Carotenoides/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Mar do Norte , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
2.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 9(8)2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32079630

RESUMO

We report the draft genome sequence of Pseudomonas sp. strain LD120, which was isolated from a brown macroalga in the Baltic Sea. The genome of this marine Pseudomonas protegens subgroup bacterium harbors biosynthetic gene clusters for toxic metabolites typically produced by members of this Pseudomonas subgroup, including 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol, pyoluteorin, and rhizoxin analogs.

3.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(4): 815-824, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844948

RESUMO

Kiloniella laminariae is a true marine bacterium and the first member of the family and order, the Kiloniellaceae and Kiloniellales. K. laminariae LD81T (= DSM 19542T) was isolated from the marine macroalga Saccharina latissima and is a mesophilic, typical marine chemoheterotrophic aerobic bacterium with antifungal activity. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed the similarity of K. laminariae LD81T not only with three validly described species of the genus Kiloniella, but also with undescribed isolates and clone sequences from marine samples in the range of 93.6-96.7%. We report on the analysis of the draft genome of this alphaproteobacterium and describe some selected features. The 4.4 Mb genome has a G + C content of 51.4%, contains 4213 coding sequences including 51 RNA genes as well as 4162 protein-coding genes, and is a part of the Genomic Encyclopaedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project. The genome provides insights into a number of metabolic properties, such as carbon and sulfur metabolism, and indicates the potential for denitrification and the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites. Comparative genome analysis was performed with K. laminariae LD81T and the animal-associated species Kiloniella majae M56.1T from a spider crab, Kiloniella spongiae MEBiC09566T from a sponge as well as Kiloniella litopenai P1-1 from a white shrimp, which all inhabit quite different marine habitats. The analysis revealed that the K. laminariae LD81T contains 1397 unique genes, more than twice the amount of the other species. Unique among others is a mixed PKS/NRPS biosynthetic gene cluster with similarity to the biosynthetic gene cluster responsible for the production of syringomycin.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Organismos Aquáticos/genética , Genômica , Filogenia , Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Animais , Organismos Aquáticos/classificação , Organismos Aquáticos/microbiologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Composição de Bases , Feófitas/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie
4.
Int. microbiol ; 22(3): 377-390, sept. 2019. mapas, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184845

RESUMO

Easter Island is an isolated volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean. Despite the extended knowledge about its origin, flora, and fauna, little is known about the bacterial diversity inhabiting this territory. Due to its isolation, Easter Island can be considered as a suitable place to evaluate microbial diversity in a geographically isolated context, what could shed light on actinobacterial occurrence, distribution, and potential novelty. In the present study, we performed a comprehensive analysis of marine Actinobacteria diversity of Easter Island by studying a large number of coastal sampling sites, which were inoculated into a broad spectrum of different culture media, where most important variations in composition included carbon and nitrogen substrates, in addition to salinity. The isolates were characterized on the basis of 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. High actinobacterial diversity was recovered with a total of 163 pure cultures of Actinobacteria representing 72 phylotypes and 20 genera, which were unevenly distributed in different locations of the island and sample sources. The phylogenetic evaluation indicated a high degree of novelty showing that 45% of the isolates might represent new taxa. The most abundant genera in the different samples were Micromonospora, Streptomyces, Salinispora, and Dietzia. Two aspects appear of primary importance in regard to the high degree of novelty and diversity of Actinobacteria found. First, the application of various culture media significantly increased the number of species and genera obtained. Second, the geographical isolation is considered to be of importance regarding the actinobacterial novelty found


No disponible


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Biodiversidade , Microbiologia Ambiental , Actinobacteria/genética , Técnicas Bacteriológicas , Chile , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Filogenia , Polinésia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Microorganisms ; 7(6)2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174336

RESUMO

As Streptomyces have shown an outstanding capacity for drug production, different campaigns in geographically distant locations currently aim to isolate new antibiotic producers. However, many of these newly isolated Streptomyces strains are classified as identical to already described species. Nevertheless, as discrepancies in terms of secondary metabolites and morphology are possible, we compared two Streptomyces strains with identical 16S rRNA gene sequences but geographically distant origins. Chosen were an Easter Island Streptomyces isolate (Streptomyces sp. SN25_8.1) and the next related type strain, which is Streptomyces griseus subsp. griseus DSM 40236T isolated from Russian garden soil. Compared traits included phylogenetic relatedness based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, macro and microscopic morphology, antibiotic activity and secondary metabolite profiles. Both Streptomyces strains shared several common features, such as morphology and core secondary metabolite production. They revealed differences in pigmentation and in the production of accessory secondary metabolites which appear to be strain-specific. In conclusion, despite identical 16S rRNA classification Streptomyces strains can present different secondary metabolite profiles and may well be valuable for consideration in processes for drug discovery.

6.
Org Biomol Chem ; 17(27): 6595-6600, 2019 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246217

RESUMO

The heptadepsipeptide cycloheptamycin A was isolated from the terrestrial Streptomyces sp. Tü 6314. Its constitution was elucidated on the basis of NMR spectroscopic experiments and mass spectrometric analysis. Its stereostructure was investigated by peptide hydrolysis and derivatization and firmly established by X-ray structure analysis. In addition to the parent compound, a new cycloheptamycin analog, cycloheptamycin B, was discovered and structurally assigned using comparative MS/MS experiments and NMR. The biological profile of both compounds was investigated, revealing a selective inhibitory potential of cycloheptamycins against Propionibacterium acnes.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antifúngicos/química , Peptídeos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Streptomyces/química
7.
Microorganisms ; 7(4)2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018526

RESUMO

Among the Microbacteriaceae the species of Subtercola and Agreia form closely associated clusters. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated three major phylogenetic branches of these species. One of these branches contains the two psychrophilic species Subtercola frigoramans and Subtercola vilae, together with a larger number of isolates from various cold environments. Genomic evidence supports the separation of Agreia and Subtercola species. In order to gain insight into the ability of S. vilae to adapt to life in this extreme environment, we analyzed the genome with a particular focus on properties related to possible adaptation to a cold environment. General properties of the genome are presented, including carbon and energy metabolism, as well as secondary metabolite production. The repertoire of genes in the genome of S. vilae DB165T linked to adaptations to the harsh conditions found in Llullaillaco Volcano Lake includes several mechanisms to transcribe proteins under low temperatures, such as a high number of tRNAs and cold shock proteins. In addition, S. vilae DB165T is capable of producing a number of proteins to cope with oxidative stress, which is of particular relevance at low temperature environments, in which reactive oxygen species are more abundant. Most important, it obtains capacities to produce cryo-protectants, and to combat against ice crystal formation, it produces ice-binding proteins. Two new ice-binding proteins were identified which are unique to S. vilae DB165T. These results indicate that S. vilae has the capacity to employ different mechanisms to live under the extreme and cold conditions prevalent in Llullaillaco Volcano Lake.

8.
Mar Drugs ; 17(3)2019 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30841562

RESUMO

The presence of two known anthraquinones, Lupinacidin A and Galvaquinone B, which have antitumor activity, has been identified in the sea anemone (Gyractis sesere) from Easter Island. So far, these anthraquinones have been characterized from terrestrial and marine Actinobacteria only. In order to identify the anthraquinones producer, we isolated Actinobacteria associated with the sea anemone and obtained representatives of seven actinobacterial genera. Studies of cultures of these bacteria by HPLC, NMR, and HRLCMS analyses showed that the producer of Lupinacidin A and Galvaquinone B indeed was one of the isolated Actinobacteria. The producer strain, SN26_14.1, was identified as a representative of the genus Verrucosispora. Genome analysis supported the biosynthetic potential to the production of these compounds by this strain. This study adds Verrucosispora as a new genus to the anthraquinone producers, in addition to well-known species of Streptomyces and Micromonospora. By a cultivation-based approach, the responsibility of symbionts of a marine invertebrate for the production of complex natural products found within the animal's extracts could be demonstrated. This finding re-opens the debate about the producers of secondary metabolites in sea animals. Finally, it provides valuable information about the chemistry of bacteria harbored in the geographically-isolated and almost unstudied, Easter Island.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Antraquinonas/isolamento & purificação , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Anêmonas-do-Mar/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Antraquinonas/metabolismo , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Polinésia , Anêmonas-do-Mar/metabolismo , Simbiose
9.
Int Microbiol ; 22(3): 377-390, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30811004

RESUMO

Easter Island is an isolated volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean. Despite the extended knowledge about its origin, flora, and fauna, little is known about the bacterial diversity inhabiting this territory. Due to its isolation, Easter Island can be considered as a suitable place to evaluate microbial diversity in a geographically isolated context, what could shed light on actinobacterial occurrence, distribution, and potential novelty. In the present study, we performed a comprehensive analysis of marine Actinobacteria diversity of Easter Island by studying a large number of coastal sampling sites, which were inoculated into a broad spectrum of different culture media, where most important variations in composition included carbon and nitrogen substrates, in addition to salinity. The isolates were characterized on the basis of 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. High actinobacterial diversity was recovered with a total of 163 pure cultures of Actinobacteria representing 72 phylotypes and 20 genera, which were unevenly distributed in different locations of the island and sample sources. The phylogenetic evaluation indicated a high degree of novelty showing that 45% of the isolates might represent new taxa. The most abundant genera in the different samples were Micromonospora, Streptomyces, Salinispora, and Dietzia. Two aspects appear of primary importance in regard to the high degree of novelty and diversity of Actinobacteria found. First, the application of various culture media significantly increased the number of species and genera obtained. Second, the geographical isolation is considered to be of importance regarding the actinobacterial novelty found.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Biodiversidade , Microbiologia Ambiental , Actinobacteria/genética , Técnicas Bacteriológicas , Chile , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Filogenia , Polinésia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
10.
Drug Dev Res ; 80(1): 24-27, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30370576

RESUMO

Natural products and derivatives thereof are of considerable importance in the discovery of new pharmaceuticals, for example, for the treatment of cancer, diabetes, inflammation diseases, and infection diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, or parasites. The great biodiversity of marine microorganisms is reflected in their huge chemical diversity, which provides a rich source of biologically active compounds. An increasing interest in marine microorganisms as promising producers of new compounds with potential medical applications has raised increasing interest in the sustainable exploration of marine microbial resources for the discovery of new antibiotics, which is highlighted. The bottlenecks in the development of drugs using the large marine natural product pipeline are also discussed.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Organismos Aquáticos , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Organismos Aquáticos/isolamento & purificação , Organismos Aquáticos/microbiologia , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Produtos Biológicos/isolamento & purificação , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/fisiologia , Farmacorresistência Fúngica/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Fúngica/fisiologia , Fungos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos
11.
Mar Drugs ; 16(8)2018 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30081558

RESUMO

The production of secondary metabolites by a new isolate of the purple sulfur bacterium Allochromatium vinosum, which had shown antibiotic activities during a preliminary study, revealed the production of several metabolites. Growth conditions suitable for the production of one of the compounds shown in the metabolite profile were established and compound 1 was purified. The molecular formula of compound 1 (C20H28O2) was determined by high resolution mass spectra, and its chemical structure by means of spectroscopic methods. The evaluation of these data revealed that the structure of the compound was identical to dehydroabietic acid, a compound known to be characteristically produced by conifer trees, but so far not known from bacteria, except cyanobacteria. The purified substance showed weak antibiotic activities against Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus lentus with IC50 values of 70.5 µM (±2.9) and 57.0 µM (±3.3), respectively.


Assuntos
Abietanos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Organismos Aquáticos/metabolismo , Chromatiaceae/metabolismo , Abietanos/isolamento & purificação , Abietanos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bacillus subtilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Oxirredução , Staphylococcus/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 7(3)2018 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29958422

RESUMO

The structural repertoire of bioactive naphthacene quinones is expanded by engineering Streptomyces albus to express the lysolipin minimal polyketide synthase II (PKS II) genes from Streptomyces tendae Tü 4042 (llpD-F) with the corresponding cyclase genes llpCI-CIII. Fermentation of the recombinant strain revealed the two new polyaromatic tridecaketides lysoquinone-TH1 (7, identified) and TH2 (8, postulated structure) as engineered congeners of the dodecaketide lysolipin (1). The chemical structure of 7, a benzo[a]naphthacene-8,13-dione, was elucidated by NMR and HR-MS and confirmed by feeding experiments with [1,2-13C2]-labeled acetate. Lysoquinone-TH1 (7) is a pentangular polyphenol and one example of such rare extended polyaromatic systems of the benz[a]napthacene quinone type produced by the expression of a minimal PKS II in combination with cyclases in an artificial system. While the natural product lysolipin (1) has antimicrobial activity in nM-range, lysoquinone-TH1 (7) showed only minor potency as inhibitor of Gram-positive microorganisms. The bioactivity profiling of lysoquinone-TH1 (7) revealed inhibitory activity towards phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4), an important target for the treatment in human health like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). These results underline the availability of pentangular polyphenolic structural skeletons from biosynthetic engineering in the search of new chemical entities in drug discovery.

13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(4): 558-561, 2018 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422389

RESUMO

A new cyclic hexapeptide, cyclo-(Gly-Leu-Val-IIe-Ala-Phe), named bacicyclin (1), was isolated from a marine Bacillus sp. strain associated with Mytilus edulis. The sequences of the amino acid building blocks of the cyclic peptide and its structure were determined by 1D- and 2D-NMR techniques. Marfey's analysis showed that the amino acid building blocks had L-configuration in all cases except for alanine and phenylalanine, which had D-configuration. Bacicyclin (1) exhibited antibacterial activity against the clinically relevant strains Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus with minimal inhibitory concentration values of 8 and 12 µM, respectively. These results demonstrate the potential of marine bacteria as a promising source for the discovery of new antibiotics.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bacillus/química , Oligopeptídeos/farmacologia , Peptídeos Cíclicos/farmacologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Mytilus edulis/microbiologia , Oligopeptídeos/química , Oligopeptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Oligopeptídeos/toxicidade , Peptídeos Cíclicos/química , Peptídeos Cíclicos/isolamento & purificação , Peptídeos Cíclicos/toxicidade , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Estereoisomerismo
14.
Genome Biol Evol ; 10(1): 125-142, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29319806

RESUMO

Pseudovibrio is a marine bacterial genus members of which are predominantly isolated from sessile marine animals, and particularly sponges. It has been hypothesized that Pseudovibrio spp. form mutualistic relationships with their hosts. Here, we studied Pseudovibrio phylogeny and genetic adaptations that may play a role in host colonization by comparative genomics of 31 Pseudovibrio strains, including 25 sponge isolates. All genomes were highly similar in terms of encoded core metabolic pathways, albeit with substantial differences in overall gene content. Based on gene composition, Pseudovibrio spp. clustered by geographic region, indicating geographic speciation. Furthermore, the fact that isolates from the Mediterranean Sea clustered by sponge species suggested host-specific adaptation or colonization. Genome analyses suggest that Pseudovibrio hongkongensis UST20140214-015BT is only distantly related to other Pseudovibrio spp., thereby challenging its status as typical Pseudovibrio member. All Pseudovibrio genomes were found to encode numerous proteins with SEL1 and tetratricopeptide repeats, which have been suggested to play a role in host colonization. For evasion of the host immune system, Pseudovibrio spp. may depend on type III, IV, and VI secretion systems that can inject effector molecules into eukaryotic cells. Furthermore, Pseudovibrio genomes carry on average seven secondary metabolite biosynthesis clusters, reinforcing the role of Pseudovibrio spp. as potential producers of novel bioactive compounds. Tropodithietic acid, bacteriocin, and terpene biosynthesis clusters were highly conserved within the genus, suggesting an essential role in survival, for example through growth inhibition of bacterial competitors. Taken together, these results support the hypothesis that Pseudovibrio spp. have mutualistic relations with sponges.


Assuntos
Poríferos/microbiologia , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Simbiose , Animais , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Genoma Bacteriano , Genômica , Família Multigênica , Poríferos/fisiologia , Percepção de Quorum , Rhodobacteraceae/fisiologia , Metabolismo Secundário
15.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 111(6): 955-963, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29214367

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, strain DB165T, was isolated from cold waters of Llullaillaco Volcano Lake (6170 m asl) in Chile. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences identified strain DB165T as belonging to the genus Subtercola in the family Microbacteriaceae, sharing 97.4% of sequence similarity with Subtercola frigoramans DSM 13057T, 96.7% with Subtercola lobariae DSM 103962T, and 96.1% with Subtercola boreus DSM 13056T. The cells were observed to be Gram-positive, form rods with irregular morphology, and to grow best at 10-15 °C, pH 7 and in the absence of NaCl. The cross-linkage between the amino acids in its peptidoglycan is type B2γ; 2,4-diaminobutyric acid is the diagnostic diamino acid; the major respiratory quinones are MK-9 and MK-10; and the polar lipids consist of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, 5 glycolipids, 2 phospholipids and 5 additional polar lipids. The fatty acid profile of DB165T (5% >) contains iso-C14:0, iso-C16:0, anteiso-C15:0, anteiso-C17:0, and the dimethylacetal iso-C16:0 DMA. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain DB165T was determined to be 65 mol%. Based on the phylogenetic, phenotypic, and chemotaxonomic analyses presented in this study, strain DB165T (= DSM 105013T = JCM 32044T) represents a new species in the genus Subtercola, for which the name Subtercola vilae sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Actinomycetales/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Actinomycetales/fisiologia , Altitude , Chile , Lagos , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(1): 333-340, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29205136

RESUMO

A new member of the Flavobacteriales was isolated from the surface of a stone collected on the German North Sea shore. The bacterium, strain ANORD5T, is a mesophilic, chemoheterotrophic aerobic, typical marine bacterium. Optimal growth was observed at 20-30 °C, pH 7.0-8.5 and 1-2 % sea salt. The 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed a distant relationship with the representatives of the Cryomorphaceae, with less than 90 % sequence similarity. Strain ANORD5T forms a cluster together with Owenweeksia hongkongensis UST20020801T (89.9 %), Cryomorpha ignava 1-22T (87.9 %), Luteibaculum oceani CC-AMWY-103BT (88.1 %) and Phaeocystidibacter luteus PG2S01T (87.3 %). Strain ANORD5T has a low DNA G+C content (31 mol%). Based on morphological, physiological and phylogenetic data, strain ANORD5T is considered a type strain of a new species and a new genus of the family Cryomorphaceae for which the name Vicingus serpentipes is proposed. The type strain is ANORD5T (=NCIMB 15042T=DSM 103558T=MTCC 12686T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Microbiologia da Água , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Mar do Norte , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
17.
Biofouling ; 33(10): 867-880, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29032711

RESUMO

A bioassay-guided approach was used to identify defense compounds that are present on the surface of Zostera marina and which inhibit settlement of microfoulers at natural concentrations. Moderately polar eelgrass surface extracts inhibited the settlement of seven marine bacteria and one yeast that originated from non-living substrata. In contrast, five other bacterial strains that had been directly isolated from eelgrass surfaces were all insensitive, which suggested a selective effect of surface metabolites on the microbial communities present on eelgrass. Bioassay-guided isolation of active compounds from the extracts in combination with UPLC-MS and 1H-NMR spectroscopy resulted in the identification of rosmarinic acid, luteolin-7-sulfate and diosmetin-7-sulfate or its isomer chrysoeriol-7-sulfate. All three compounds are nontoxic repellents, as they did not inhibit bacterial growth, but prevented bacterial settlement in a dose-dependent manner. Between 15.6 and 106.8 µg ml-1 of rosmarinic acid were present on the eelgrass surface, enough for half maximal settlement inhibition of bacteria.


Assuntos
Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Depsídeos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Zosteraceae/metabolismo , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Cinamatos/isolamento & purificação , Depsídeos/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Sulfatos/isolamento & purificação , Sulfatos/farmacologia , Zosteraceae/microbiologia
18.
Mar Drugs ; 15(6)2017 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28635658

RESUMO

In the frame of studies on secondary metabolites produced by fungi from deep-sea environments we have investigated inhibitors of enzymes playing key roles in signaling cascades of biochemical pathways relevant for the treatment of diseases. Here we report on a new inhibitor of the human protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), a target in the signaling pathway of insulin. A new asperentin analog is produced by an Aspergillussydowii strain isolated from the sediment of the deep Mediterranean Sea. Asperentin B (1) contains an additional phenolic hydroxy function at C-6 and exhibits an IC50 value against PTP1B of 2 µM in vitro, which is six times stronger than the positive control, suramin. Interestingly, asperentin (2) did not show any inhibition of this enzymatic activity. Asperentin B (1) is discussed as possible therapeutic agents for type 2 diabetes and sleeping sickness.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Isocumarinas/farmacologia , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Aspergillus/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Células HT29 , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Isocumarinas/química , Mar Mediterrâneo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Mar Drugs ; 14(11)2016 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27801816

RESUMO

The glycogen-synthase-kinase 3 (GSK-3) is an important target in drug discovery. This enzyme is involved in the signaling pathways of type 2 diabetes, neurological disorders, cancer, and other diseases. Therefore, inhibitors of GSK-3 are promising drug candidates for the treatment of a broad range of diseases. Here we report pannorin (1), alternariol (2), and alternariol-9-methylether (3) to be promising inhibitors of the isoform GSK-3ß showing sub-µM IC50 values. The in vitro inhibition is in the range of the known highly active GSK-3ß inhibitor TDZD-8. Compounds 1-3 have a highly oxygenated benzocoumarin core structure in common, which suggests that this may be a new structural feature for efficient GSK-3ß inhibition.


Assuntos
Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Fungos/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Lactonas/farmacologia , Naftóis/farmacologia , Pironas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiadiazóis/farmacologia
20.
Mar Drugs ; 14(11)2016 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27827848

RESUMO

The properties and the production of new metabolites from the fungal strain LF657 isolated from the Herodotes Deep (2800 m depth) in the Mediterranean Sea are reported in this study. The new isolate was identified as Biscogniauxia mediterranea based on ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 and 28S rRNA gene sequences. A new isopyrrolonaphthoquinone with inhibitory activity against glycogen synthase kinase (GSK-3ß) was isolated from this fungus. This is the first report of this class of compounds from a fungus isolated from a deep-sea sediment, as well as from a Biscogniauxia species.


Assuntos
Benzoquinonas/química , Benzoquinonas/farmacologia , Fungos/química , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Xylariales/química , Fungos/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Mar Mediterrâneo , RNA Ribossômico/genética , Xylariales/genética
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