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1.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 68(3): 77-79, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138492

RESUMO

Immune thrombocytopenia is a well-known complication of both HIV and Hepatitis C virus infections. Management becomes challenging when a patient with HCV-HIV co-infection presents with severe thrombocytopenia. Adverse drug reactions and drug interactions has to be considered while choosing treatment options for such patients. We report such a case which illustrates the difficulty in managing severe thrombocytopenia in HCV-HIV co-infected patients where evidence based clinical decision making helped in choosing the right therapy for the patient.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Coinfecção , Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C , Hepacivirus , Humanos , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática
2.
Indian J Med Res ; 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202256

RESUMO

As of February 29, 2020, more than 85,000 cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been reported from China and 53 other countries with 2,924 deaths. On January 30, 2020, the first laboratory-confirmed case of COVID was reported from Kerala, India. In view of the earlier evidence about effectiveness of repurposed lopinavir/ritonavir against severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus (CoV), as well as preliminary docking studies conducted by the ICMR-National Institute of Virology, Pune, the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization approved the restricted public health use of lopinavir/ritonavir combination amongst symptomatic COVID-19 patients detected in the country. Hospitalized adult patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection with any one of the following criteria will be eligible to receive lopinavir/ritonavir for 14 days after obtaining written informed consent: (i) respiratory distress with respiratory rate ≥22/min or SpO2 of <94 per cent; (ii) lung parenchymal infiltrates on chest X-ray; (iii) hypotension defined as systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg or need for vasopressor/inotropic medication; (iv) new-onset organ dysfunction; and (v) high-risk groups - age >60 yr, diabetes mellitus, renal failure, chronic lung disease and immunocompromised persons. Patients will be monitored to document clinical (hospital length of stay and mortality at 14, 28 and 90 days), laboratory (presence of viral RNA in serial throat swab samples) and safety (adverse events and serious adverse events) outcomes. Treatment outcomes amongst initial cases would be useful in providing guidance about the clinical management of patients with COVID-19. If found useful in managing initial SARS-CoV-2-infected patients, further evaluation using a randomized control trial design is warranted to guide future therapeutic use of this combination.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early and accurate laboratory diagnosis and appropriate management of infection improves the survival rate in sepsis. In this study we evaluated broad range 16S rRNA and 16 S-23 S intergenic spacer region (ISR) PCR assays followed by nucleotide sequencing directly from patients' serum and automated blood culture for laboratory diagnosis in admitted sepsis patients. METHODS: A broad range 16S rRNA PCR and 16 S-23 S ISR PCR assay followed by nucleotide sequencing was used directly from patients' serum in hospital admitted patients in 62 sepsis and 16 suspected blood stream infection (sBSI) patients. Automated blood culture was also used in the same patients. Nucleotide sequences were analyzed against NCBI Genbank database and organisms were identified using CLSI MM18A guidelines. RESULTS: Bacterial culture were positive in 10/62 (16.12%) sepsis and 3/16 (18.75%) suspected BSI patients along with 3 detected fungi (2 in sepsis and 1 in suspected BSI group). PCR assay was positive in 36/62 (58.06%) sepsis and 6/16 (37.5%) suspected BSI patients respectively. All but 2 bacteria (both from culture negative patients) detected by PCR assay could be identified from nucleotide sequencing. Survival in sepsis patients was 77%. PCR assay could detect bacteria in 9/14 (64.28%) of sepsis patients with death. CONCLUSION: Broad range PCR assay was far superior for early diagnosis of infection. The bacteria which could not be detected by culture and were not commonly reported from this centre, were detected by the broad range PCR assays. Detection of these rare bacteria/fungi had significant clinical correlation with patient's underlying clinical conditions, immune status and prognosis. The tests could provide definitive diagnosis of infection in >58% of sepsis patients, which helped in patient management and better survival.

6.
Postgrad Med J ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806733

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF STUDY: Ultrasound (US) for lumbar puncture has seen the most success in obese patients and in patients with difficult to palpate landmarks. We aimed to elucidate the advantage of the use of routine US for performing lumbar punctures over the traditional landmark method. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study with consecutive sampling with a sample size of convenience. Three residents were chosen to perform the lumbar punctures after a training session. Patients were assigned to either the US group or the landmark group. The outcomes studied were number of attempts at needle insertion, patient and physician anxiety, pain experienced, time to procedure, number of traumatic attempts and the difficulties faced during the procedure. RESULTS: A total of 77 patients were included in this study, of which 36 patients (46.8%) underwent landmark-based lumbar puncture and 41 (53.2%) underwent US-guided lumbar puncture. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups among the following characteristics: number of attempts to a successful procedure, number of traumatic punctures, procedure time, preprocedure anxiety of the participants and physicians and pain score rating of the procedure. CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference between the landmark method and US-guided method for performing lumbar puncture in the number of successful attempts, number of traumatic punctures, procedure time and pain during the procedure. Further studies are required to elucidate the advantage of the use of ultrasonography in subsets of the population such as the low body mass index population.

7.
QJM ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scrub typhus was once thought to be a disease of rural origin and was confined to specific pockets in South Asia. Early diagnosis and treatment is extremely important as it is associated with high mortality if left untreated. AIM: To delineate the clinical and molecular epidemiology of scrub typhus in patients presenting with acute febrile illness from various parts of India. METHOD: During the study period of five years (October, 2013 to October, 2018), a total of 1742 patients with acute febrile illness <15 days were enrolled after taking informed consent. Patients were diagnosed using IgM Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on the pre-determined region specific cut-offs. Patients with positive IgM ELISA were also subjected to IgM Immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and nested polymerase chain reaction assay (PCR). The demographic and relevant clinical details of the patients were documented and analyzed. RESULT: A total of 210 (12.1%) patients were diagnosed with scrub typhus. Of these, nested PCR was positive in only 85 patients. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis showed that the predominant circulating genotypes were Gilliam and Karp. On multivariate analysis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, myocarditis, encephalitis/encephalopathy, jaundice and splenomegaly were significantly more common in those patients who were diagnosed with scrub typhus. A total of 14 patients diagnosed with scrub typhus succumbed to the illness. CONCLUSION: Patients with fever, headache, pulmonary manifestations, CNS manifestations, myocarditis, transaminitis or thrombocytopenia presenting in the monsoon and post-monsoon season should be evaluated for scrub typhus irrespective of the geographical location in India.

8.
Infez Med ; 27(4): 398-402, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846989

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to determine the clinical spectrum and outcome of invasive fungal infections (IFIs) in hospitalized patients. A prospective study was conducted in a teaching hospital in North India between December 2016 and December 2018. Patients diagnosed with IFIs were enrolled. Their clinical and laboratory parameters were recorded using a pre-defined clinical report form. They were followed up till discharge or death and a 60-day outcome was recorded. A total of 110 IFI cases were identified, which included invasive aspergillosis (39%), invasive candidiasis (16%), cryptococcosis (14%) and mucormycosis (12%). Pneumonia (63%) was the most common final diagnosis in these patients. Diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were the most common risk factor for all four diseases. Additionally, most patients with cryptococcosis had human immunodeficiency virus infection. Mortality was observed in 73% of the patients. Overall, IFIs are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients admitted to medical wards and ICUs.

9.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(10): 80-82, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571462

RESUMO

Dengue is the most common arboviral disease affecting many countries worldwide. With endemicity of the disease and huge burden, atypical clinical presentations occur posing high diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. Emerging neurological complications in dengue fever are reported in recent past Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an immune mediated acute demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system following recent infection or vaccination and characterized by multifocal white matter involvement. Early suspicion and diagnosis of such complication is clinical dilemma and it further complicates the clinical scenario. This case report highlights occurrence of such uncommon manifestation of ADEM in commonly occurring dengue fever along with its diagnosis and successful management in a young individual.


Assuntos
Dengue , Encefalomielite Aguda Disseminada , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Vacinação
10.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(9): 85-86, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561697

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB) is an important cause of significant morbidity and mortality, particularly in patients living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV ) infections. The co-infection of TB and HIV coinfection is further complicated by a relatively higher frequency of extra-pulmonary TB and upsurge of drug resistance. Musculoskeletal TB is a relatively less common form of extrapulmonary TB; involvement of carpometacarpal joint as an initial manifestation is even rarer. We herein present a retro positive patient who presented with low-grade fever, constitutional features and swelling of the base of the left thumb. On evaluation, he was found to have axillary and inguinal lymphadenopathy with lytic destruction of carpometacarpal joint as well as D10-D11 vertebrae. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) of synovial fluid was negative for tuberculosis but geneXpert from FNA of axillary node revealed Mycobacterium tuberculosis with rifampicin resistance. This case highlights the rarity of carpometacarpal joint involvement in TB as the initial manifestation and the importance of meticulous search of alternative sites for sampling in difficult situations such as osteoarticular TB. It also highlights the rising prevalence of drug-resistant TB and a definitive need for microbiological diagnosis wherever feasible.


Assuntos
Articulações Carpometacarpais , Síndrome Inflamatória da Reconstituição Imune/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Osteoarticular/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV , Humanos , Masculino , Osteomielite
11.
Infez Med ; 27(3): 308-315, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545775

RESUMO

With significant advancement in the tools and strategies available for diagnosis and management, there is an expected change in the epidemiological profile of patients living with HIV/AIDS (Human immunodeficiency syndrome/Acquired immunedeficiency syndrome). We retrospectively analyzed the changing epidemiological pattern of HIV infection over a period of 13 years in the anti-retroviral (ART) center of a tertiary care hospital in India. The study included a total of 9419 patients (8811 adults and 608 children) who were registered at our ART center between 2005 and 2017. Among adult patients, 68.9% patients were males and the mean age of presentation was 35.6±9.9 years. Heterosexual route was the most common route of transmission (95.5%). A total of 97.4% of pediatric patients acquired HIV infection via vertical transmission from their mothers. Most of the adult patients (77.1%) were educated only to primary level. Despite the economic growth in the country over the years, the monthly income of these patients has not significantly changed. The median CD4 count at the time of eligibility for starting ART was 244/µl of blood. An increasing trend in the baseline CD4 count was noticed from 2005 to 2017. Also, improved outcomes with less loss to follow up were noticed in the latter years. However, an increasing trend was also noted in the time gap between registration at the ART center and initiation of ART. Improvement in the baseline CD4 count and better treatment outcomes are indicators of a well-functioning national program. However, continued programmatic interventions are needed to further tackle the menace of HIV/AIDS in India.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , HIV-1 , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Criança , Escolaridade , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Indian J Med Res ; 149(6): 790-794, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496533

RESUMO

Scrub typhus is largely ignored in India particularly during outbreaks of viral fever. The disease course is often complicated leading to fatalities in the absence of treatment. However, if diagnosed early and a specific treatment is initiated, the cure rate is high. We report here five cases of scrub typhus to highlight the fact that high clinical suspicion for such a deadly disease is an absolute necessity.


Assuntos
Febre/microbiologia , Orientia tsutsugamushi/patogenicidade , Tifo por Ácaros/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Febre/tratamento farmacológico , Febre/mortalidade , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tifo por Ácaros/tratamento farmacológico , Tifo por Ácaros/microbiologia
13.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 8(7): 2511-2515, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463286

RESUMO

Objective: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with an unknown etiology that can be life threatening. This study aimed to study the cause of mortality among admitted SLE patients over a period of 5 years at a teaching hospital in India. Methods: A 5-year retrospective analysis of mortality in SLE patients admitted under department of medicine of our institute was done. The presenting complaints, treatment history, clinical parameters, laboratory investigations, organ involvement, systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI), and cause of mortality were collected from the medical records on a predesigned proforma. A further analysis of two groups based on the cause of mortality was done. Results: In total, 53 death records were analyzed. Mortality in 28 SLE patients was due to high disease activity (Group I) and mortality in 25 patients was attributed due to both high disease activity and concomitant infection (Group II). Most of the patients were female (98%) and mean age of patient was 30.6 years. About 19 patients (35.8%) were diagnosed with SLE during hospital admission. Fever was the most common presenting complaint (69.8%) and lupus nephritis was the most common organ dysfunction seen (84.9%). Myocarditis was observed in 11 patients and 9 patients had cerebrovascular accident. The mean hemoglobin was lower in Group II (7.4 vs. 8.7 g/dL, P = 0.02). The median total leukocyte count was significantly higher in Group II (10,200 vs. 6600, P = 0.02). The mean serum urea and creatinine levels were also significantly higher in Group II (141.41 vs. 87.8 mg/dL, P = 0.006 and 4.7 vs. 1.7, P = 0.0001), respectively. The mean SLEDAI in Group I was 20.8 ± 8.9 and in Group II was17.7 ± 7.5. Bacterial pneumonia (17) was the most common infection, followed by tuberculosis (2) and fungal infection (2). Conclusion: Mortality among SLE patients could be due to disease flare or concomitant infection. Lung is the most common organ affected by infection in these patients.

14.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 8(7): 2517-2521, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463287

RESUMO

Context: Ultrasonography has become the frontline diagnostic tool for emergency care because of its non-invasive nature and the feasibility to perform repeated quick assessments in sick patients. The effectiveness of this modality, when used by trainee doctors to take clinically important decisions in patients requiring emergency care, is not much explored. In this pilot study, we analyzed whether use of this technology by Medicine resident doctors can help in better decision making in acutely and critical ill patients. Setting and Design: This is a retrospective study conducted in the Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Methods and Materials: The study was conducted using patient data collected from acutely ill and critical care patients, who underwent bedside ultrasonography from August 2017 to August 2018. In all cases, resident doctor's finding had been assessed by an experienced operator before a treatment decision was made. Statistical Analysis Used: Continuous variables with normal distribution were computed using t test. Ordinal variables and variables following non-normal distribution were analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Results: Thirty-two patients were recruited. There was agreement on 78% (25/32) ultrasound records between the trainee and the experienced operator. Among patients evaluated for shock, agreement reached 83% (15/18). Among patients who underwent transthoracic echocardiography, agreement was 66.7% (4/6). Among patients who underwent lung ultrasound, agreement was 70% (7/10). In both the patients in whom abdominal ultrasound was done, final inferences were consistent between the residents and experts. Conclusions: The results show that in majority of critically ill patients, Medicine residents made sonographic observations correctly and took clinically precise sonography guided decisions on par with expert sonologists even with minimal training and ultrasound exposure.

15.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(4): 30-34, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299835

RESUMO

Introduction: Dengue fever management is guided by WHO guideline, the recent one being 2009; however, compliance to the guideline is difficult to assess and in India there is no data on it. The present study, a longitudinal pre-post interventional quality improvement study, was done to determine the compliance to the guideline on dengue patients before and after resident physicians' training during two peak seasons and their impact on survival. Methods: This study was conducted in a tertiary health care centre in North India over 18 months. Data of hospitalized patients who admitted with dengue fever diagnosis in a peak season was collected in the form of quality indicators as described by the WHO-2009 guideline on dengue. Resident physicians were then given appropriate training about the guideline during the off season. Data of new dengue patients in next peak season after resident training was collected and compared with the baseline by standard statistical tests. Results: The post-intervention compliances of all components increased (total mean score by giving one point to each of the quality indicators reached 7.9 from 6.4). The compliance to individual indicator also increased: the admission criteria (baseline, 44% to post-intervention, 52%, p = 0.37), classification criteria (91.7% to 96%, p = 0.33), correct staging/triage (42.9% to 86%, p <0.001), vitals monitoring (85.7% to 92%, p = 0.28), correct usage of bolus fluids (34.3% to 69.5%, p <0.001), crystalloid as choice of fluid (100% in both groups), proper fluid titration (26.2% to 56%, p <0.001), hematocrit monitoring (95.2% to 98%, p = 0.42), platelet transfusion when indicated (65.5% to 58%, p = 0.39), antibiotic use when required (61.5% to 80%, p = 0.03), and discharge criteria (100% in both groups). The mortality decreased from 7.1% (baseline) to zero (post-intervention). The median duration of hospital stay also reduced by 1 day. Conclusion: The study affirms that the compliance to WHO guideline on dengue management in India can be further improved by regular physician training on the guideline. Simultaneously, this educational intervention not only improves patient outcomes but also direct proper resource utilization especially platelet transfusion and antibiotic use. Furthermore, every hospital/institute should have an internal quality improvement program like this to improve the management of dengue patients. Future studies are needed to understand various barriers to 100% implementation of the guideline.


Assuntos
Dengue/terapia , Cooperação do Paciente , Melhoria de Qualidade , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Guias como Assunto , Hospitais , Humanos , Índia , Organização Mundial da Saúde
16.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(3): 87-88, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304718

RESUMO

Necrobiotic xanthogranuloma is a rare dermatological manifestation of underlying hematological malignancies, in particular, when associated with paraproteinemia. These patients who are clinically symptomatic with chronic papules, nodules or plaques which demonstrate a histopathological pattern suggestive of extensive and frequently confluent areas of necrobiosis with granulomatous infiltration, warrant evaluation for an underlying monoclonal gammopathy.


Assuntos
Xantogranuloma Necrobiótico/diagnóstico , Humanos , Gamopatia Monoclonal de Significância Indeterminada , Xantogranuloma Necrobiótico/terapia , Paraproteinemias
17.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(4): 76-78, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309805

RESUMO

Abstract: We present a young male, with long standing fever, weight loss, bone pains, hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenias and severe joint pains. With normal peripheral smear and predominant joints involvement, he was started on corticosteroids. The partial response prompted the physician to continue the steroids. After some time, however, joints and bony pains worsened. After referral to us, he was found to have multiple bony lytic lesions and peripheral smear suggested B cell ALL. So, presentation predominantly with musculoskeletal symptoms, a normal peripheral smear and a partial therapeutic response to steroids as treatment of Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, delayed the diagnosis significantly leading to complications. So through our report we would like to stress that suspecting and diagnosing leukaemia early is important to prevent complications and resistance to treatment. An early bone marrow examination should also be instituted as a standard of care in peripheral smear negative patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Febre/diagnóstico , Artralgia , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Linfócitos B , Febre/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Esplenomegalia
18.
Drug Discov Ther ; 13(2): 101-107, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31080200

RESUMO

Acute febrile illness (AFI) is one of the commonest indications for hospitalization and can present with varying severity including single or multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). During monsoon season, there is a spurt of AFI often caused by vector borne diseases leading to substantial morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to determine distribution of etiological causes, differential organ involvement and predictors of mortality in critically ill patients with AFI. It was a hospital based observational study which included patients with AFI with dysfunction of at least one organ system. The study was conducted over 4 months during monsoon season. Admitted patients were included who had been subjected to a standard battery of tests and managed with standard hospital based management protocol. 145 patients were included and etiology of fever was ascertained in 81.4% of patients with the most common single infection being chikungunya (20.7%) followed by dengue (20%) fever. Thrombocytopenia and deranged liver biochemistry each were seen in nearly 75% of the patients. Renal (50.3%) and nervous system (46.2%) dysfunction were the predominant organ failures. 49 patients died (33.8%) which correlated with predicted mortality by APACHE (acute physiological assessment and chronic health evaluation) II score. Independent predictors for mortality were older age (> 55 years) (p = 0.01), acidemia (p = 0.01), altered sensorium (p = 0.02) and coagulopathy (p = 0.048). Sub-group analysis revealed that amongst patients with MODS, hypotension could help differentiate between bacterial and non-bacterial causes (p = 0.01). Critically ill patients with AFI suffer from significant morbidity and mortality. Features like the presence of hypotension in MODS may differentiate between a bacterial cause vis-à-vis viral or protozoal etiology.


Assuntos
Febre de Chikungunya/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Dengue/epidemiologia , Hipotensão/epidemiologia , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/etiologia , APACHE , Adolescente , Adulto , Febre de Chikungunya/complicações , Febre de Chikungunya/transmissão , Criança , Dengue/complicações , Dengue/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/classificação , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estações do Ano , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
19.
Drug Discov Ther ; 13(2): 96-100, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31080209

RESUMO

Oligoarticular arthritis (inflammation of upto 4 joints) has a wide range of infectious and non-infectious etiologies. The aim of our study was to identify the features which could help in the differentiation of infectious from non-infectious arthritis. The study was prospective and observational, and included 100 patients with oligoarticular inflammatory arthritis. The final diagnosis was made using standard diagnostic criteria and the patients were categorized into infectious and non-infectious groups. Among the 100 patients who were recruited, the following final diagnosis were made: peripheral spondyloarthritis (n = 37), axial spondyloarthritis (n = 11), tuberculosis (n = 19), brucellosis (n = 6), septic arthritis (n = 6), gouty arthritis (n = 5), early rheumatoid arthritis (n = 5), non-tubercular mycobacteria (n = 2), SLE (n = 2), post-chikungunya arthritis (n = 2), acute lymphocytic leukaemia (n = 1), pachydermoperiostosis (n = 1), sarcoidosis (n = 1) and juvenile idiopathoic arthritis (n = 1). The patients were categorized into two groups: infectious (33) and non-infectious (60). The presence of monoarthritis, clinically-significant weight loss, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly and erosive arthritis were significantly more common in the infectious group as compared to the non-infectious group.


Assuntos
Artrite Infecciosa/epidemiologia , Artrite/classificação , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Artrite/diagnóstico , Artrite Gotosa/diagnóstico , Artrite Gotosa/epidemiologia , Artrite Infecciosa/diagnóstico , Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Artrite Juvenil/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Brucelose/diagnóstico , Brucelose/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sarcoidose/epidemiologia , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Espondilartrite/epidemiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 43, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31143348

RESUMO

Histoplasmosis is an endemic mycosis with global distribution, primarily reported in immunocompromised individuals. A 29-year old immunocompetent male presented with fever, hepatosplenomegaly and pancytopenia. His peripheral blood showed features suggestive of intravascular hemolysis and echocardiography showed features suggestive of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Bone marrow showed yeast with morphology suggestive of Histoplasma capsulatum. Further investigations revealed hyperferritinemia, hypofibrinogenemia and increased triglycerides. With a diagnosis of progressive disseminated histoplasmosis with secondary Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, he was successfully treated with amphotericin B followed by itraconazole. We report this case to highlight the atypical and rare manifestations of histoplasmosis.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Histoplasmose/diagnóstico , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/etiologia , Adulto , Anfotericina B/administração & dosagem , Febre/etiologia , Hemólise , Hepatomegalia/etiologia , Histoplasmose/complicações , Histoplasmose/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imunocompetência , Itraconazol/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pancitopenia/etiologia , Esplenomegalia/etiologia
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