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1.
Molecules ; 25(15)2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32752040

RESUMO

The global concern related with growing number of bacterial pathogens, resistant to numerous antibiotics, prone scientific environment to search for new antimicrobials. Antiseptics appear to be suitable candidates as adjunctive agents to antibiotics or alternative local treatment option aiming to prevent and treat infections. 1,2-benzothiazines are considered one the most promising of them. In this research twenty 1,2-benzothiazine 1,1-dioxide derivatives were scrutinized with regard to their biological activity. Three of them are new. For evaluation of compounds' activity against microbial pathogens, disk diffusion method and serial microdilution method was applied. To establish the cytotoxicity profile of tested 1,2-benzothiazines 1,1-dioxides derivatives, the cytotoxicity assay using fibroblasts L292 was performed. Antimicrobial activity of all tested compounds against Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis strains was higher than antimicrobial activity of DMSO solvent, which possesses antimicrobial activity itself. Gram-negative P. aeruginosa, E. coli and K. pneumoniae have shown susceptibility only to compounds 3e, 7i and 7l. None of tested compounds was effective against C. albicans. Compound 6g has demonstrated the strongest antimicrobial potency (MIC = 0.00975 mg/mL) among compounds of series 6. Compounds of series 7, namely 7d, 7f, 7g had the lowest minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Compound 7f displayed also the lowest cytotoxic effect against fibroblast cell line among series 7 compounds. All tested derivatives displayed lower MIC against Gram-positive bacteria than commercially applied antiseptic, povidone iodine, which MIC value range for tested Gram-positive bacteria was 1.56-6.25 mg/mL.

2.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 110: 110634, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204070

RESUMO

In the current research previously developed composites composed from poly (l-lactide) (PLLA) and nano-hydroxyapatite (10 wt% nHAp/PLLA) were functionalized with different concentrations of europium (III) (Eu3+). The aim of this study was to determine whether Eu3+ ions doped within the 10 wt% nHAp/PLLA scaffolds will improve the bioactivity of composites. Therefore, first set of experiments was designed to evaluate the effect of Eu3+ ions on morphology, viability, proliferation and metabolism of progenitor cells isolated from adipose tissue (hASC). Three different concentration were tested i.e. 1 mol%, 3 mol% and 5%mol. We identified the 10 wt% nHAp/PLLA@3 mol% Eu3+ scaffolds as the most cytocompatible. Further, we investigated the influence of the composites doped with 3 mol% Eu3+ ions on differentiation of hASC toward bone and cartilage forming cells. Our results showed that 10 wt% nHAp/PLLA@3 mol% Eu3+ scaffolds promotes osteogenesis and chondrogenesis of hASCs what was associated with improved synthesis and secretion of extracellular matrix proteins specific for bone and articular cartilage tissue. We also proved that obtained biomaterials have bio-imaging function and their integration with bone can be monitored using micro computed tomography (µCT).

3.
J Inorg Biochem ; 203: 110884, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683129

RESUMO

The Eu3+ and Sr2+ ions co-doped hydroxyapatite nanopowders (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2) were synthesized via a precipitation method and post heat-treated at 500 °C. The concentration of Eu3+ ions was established in the range of 0.5-5 mol% to investigate the site occupancy preference. The concentration of Sr2+ ions was set at 5 mol%. The structural and morphological properties of the obtained materials were studied by an X-ray powder diffraction, a transmission electron microscopy techniques and infrared spectroscopy. As synthesized nanoparticles were in the range of 11-17 nm and annealed particles were in the range of 20-26 nm. The luminescence properties in dependence of the dopant concentration and applied temperature were investigated. The 5D0 → 7F0 transition shown the abnormally strong intensity for annealed materials connected with the increase of covalency character of Eu3+-O2- bond, which arise as an effect of charge compensation mechanism. The Eu3+ ions occupied three possible crystallographic sites in these materials revealed in emission spectra: one Ca(1) site with C3 symmetry and two Ca(2) sites with Cs symmetry arranged as cis and trans symmetry. The antibacterial properties of Eu3+ and Sr2+ ions doped and co-doped hydroxyapatite nanopowders were also determined against Gram-negative pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli. Obtained results suggest that both europium and strontium ions may implement antibacterial properties for hydroxyapatites. In the most cases, better antibacterial effect we noticed for dopants at 5 mol% ratio. However, the effect is strongly species- and strain-dependent feature.

4.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 108(4): 1398-1411, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513334

RESUMO

Recently, iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) have gathered special attention in regenerative medicine. Owing to their magnetic and bioactive properties, IONPs are utilized in the fabrication of novel biomaterials. Yet, there was no report regarding thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) polymer doped with IONPs on osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. Thus the objectives of presented study was to: (a) fabricate magnetic TPU + PLA sponges doped with iron (III) oxide Fe2 O3 nanoparticles; (b) investigate the effects of biomaterial and its exposition to static magnetic field (MF) on osteogenic differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis in adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs). TPU + PLA sponges were prepared using solvent casting technique while incorporation of the Fe2 O3 nanoparticles was performed with solution cast method. RT-PCR was applied to evaluate expression of osteogenic-related genes and integrin's in cells cultured on fabricated materials with or without the stimulation of static MF. MF stimulation enhanced the expression of osteopontin and collagen type I while decreased expression of bone morphogenetic protein 2 in tested magnetic materials-TPU + PLA/1% Fe2 O3 and TPU + PLA/5% Fe2 O3 . Therefore, TPU + PLA sponges doped with IONPs and exposure to MF resulted in improved osteogenic differentiation of ASC.

5.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110295, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753350

RESUMO

Hexagonal nanocrystalline powders of the non-doped Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 as well as activated with Ag+ and Eu3+ ions were synthesized by using different wet chemistry methods. Moreover, the obtained hydroxyapatite was loaded with Ag0, as well as nitroimidazole antimicrobials: metronidazole and tinidazole. The structural properties of the products were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy as well as infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopy. The photoluminescence properties of the Eu3+ and Ag+ co-doped Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 were characterized via the PL emission, excitation spectra and the luminescence decay curve. The antimicrobial activity of the obtained materials against Prevotella bivia and Parabacteroides distasonis was studied. The cytotoxicity assessment was carried out on the human osteosarcoma cell line (U2OS) as well as human red blood cells (RBC). The choice of the in vitro model was based on the fact that U2OS is a cancer cell line derived from bone tissue which is rich in apatites that play a pivotal role in the extracellular matrix formation. RBCs are the most abundant blood cells and they are used as a cell model in the study of biocompatibility of new prepared biocompounds with potential medical applications. The obtained multifunctional materials do not exhibit the haemolytic activity, therefore, they could be used as a promising antimicrobial agent and for anaerobic bacteria.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Hidroxiapatitas/química , Nanocompostos/química , Prevotella/efeitos dos fármacos , Adsorção , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Sedimentação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Bovinos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Európio/química , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Muramidase/química , Nanocompostos/toxicidade , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Prata/química
6.
Acta Bioeng Biomech ; 21(3): 23-29, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798019

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The use of a thermal imaging camera may improve the detection of changes during inflammation process propagation in animals and humans that could be caused by numerous factors like 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). METHODS: Rats were randomised and divided into two groups, C group, in which experimental pleural inflammatory reaction was evoked and TCDD group, in which a single dose was applied 21 days before administration of 1% carrageenan solution. Infrared thermograms were taken with a microbolometer thermal imaging camera MobIR M8. The surface temperature distribution was measured in three randomly selected animals. RESULTS: In the analysis of correlation we found negative results between both groups. In the C group, the pleurisy was developed and allowed to develop freely. It can be observed that both the average maximum temperature and the average minimum temperature were the highest after 48 hours after injection of the 1% carrageenan in solution. In TCDD group, lowered temperature in all days of experiments was noted. However, the increase of temperature after carrageenan injection was similar. The main changes observed in the lungs were oedema, hyperemia with clot formation and changes in lung structure. Several proliferative changes in the lungs were noted. Moreover, increased number of goblet cells as well and increased release of the surfactant was observed. The activation of fibroblasts and synthesis of collagen fibers was noted. CONCLUSIONS: The TCDD administration results in the reduction of superficial temperature, which is easily detectable by thermal imaging camera that can be effectively used in monitoring the course of inflammation.


Assuntos
Pleurisia/induzido quimicamente , Pleurisia/diagnóstico , Termografia , Animais , Carragenina , Feminino , Pulmão/patologia , Pleurisia/patologia , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas , Ratos , Temperatura
7.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(11)2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717974

RESUMO

Diphosphate compounds (KYP2O7) co-doped with Yb3+ and Er3+ ions were obtained by one step urea assisted combustion synthesis. The experimental parameters of synthesis were optimized using an experimental design approach related to co-dopants concentration and heattreatment as well as annealing time. The obtained materials were studied with theinitial requirements showing appropriate morphological (X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)) and spectroscopic properties (emission, luminescence kinetics). Moreover, the effect of Er3+ and Yb3+ ions doped KYP2O7 on morphology, proliferative and metabolic activity and apoptosis in MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cell line and 4B12osteoclasts cell line was investigated. Furthermore, the expression of the common pro-osteogenic markers in MC3T3-E1 osteoblast as well as osteoclastogenesis related markers in 4B12 osteoclasts was evaluated. The extensive in vitro studies showed that KYP2O7 doped with 1 mol% Er3+ and 20 mol% Yb3+ ions positively affected the MC3T3-E1 and 4B12 cells activity without triggering their apoptosis. Moreover, it was shown that an activation of mTOR and Pi3k signaling pathways with 1 mol% Er3+, 20 mol% Yb3+: KYP2O7 can promote the MC3T3-E1 cells expression of late osteogenic markers including RUNX and BMP-2. The obtained data shed a promising light for KYP2O7 doped with Er3+ and Yb3+ ions as a potential factors improving bone fracture healing as well as in bioimaging (so-called in theranostics).

8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(8)2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405106

RESUMO

In response to the need for new materials for theranostics application, the structural and spectroscopic properties of composites designed for medical applications, received in the melt mixing process, were evaluated. A composite based on medical grade poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) and calcium hydroxyapatite (HAp) doped with Eu3+ ions was obtained by using a twin screw extruder. Pure calcium Hap, as well as the one doped with Eu3+ ions, was prepared using the precipitation method and then used as a filler. XRPD (X-ray Powder Diffraction) and IR (Infrared) spectroscopy were applied to investigate the structural properties of the obtained materials. DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry) was used to assess the Eu3+ ion content on phase transitions in PLLA. The tensile properties were also investigated. The excitation, emission spectra as well as decay time were measured to determine the spectroscopic properties. The simplified Judd-Ofelt (J-O) theory was applied and a detailed analysis in connection with the observed structural and spectroscopic measurements was made and described.

9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 9130806, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309119

RESUMO

In the article has been presented an analysis of susceptibility of selected dental materials, made in the CAD/CAM technology. The morphology and structural properties of selected dental materials and their composites were determined by using XRPD (X-ray powder diffraction) techniques, as well as the IR (infrared) spectroscopy. Moreover, an adhesion as well as development of biofilm by oral microorganisms has been studied. It has been shown that a degree of the biofilm development on the tested dental materials depended on microorganism genus and species. Streptococcus mutans has demonstrated the best adhesion to the tested materials in comparison with Candida albicans and Lactobacillus rhamnosus. However, the sintered materials such as IPS e.max® and the polished IPS e.max® have showed the best "anti-adhesive properties" in relation to S. mutans and L. rhamnosus that have not formed the biofilm on the polished IPS e.max® sample. Furthermore, S. mutans have not formed the biofilm on both surfaces. On the contrary to S. mutans and L. rhamnosus, C. albicans has demonstrated the adhesive properties in relation to the above-mentioned surfaces. Moreover, in contrast to S. mutans and C. albicans, L. rhamnosus has not formed the biofilm on the polished IPS Empress material.


Assuntos
Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida albicans/fisiologia , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Porcelana Dentária/química , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/fisiologia , Teste de Materiais , Streptococcus mutans/fisiologia , Propriedades de Superfície
10.
Acta Biochim Pol ; 66(2): 223-228, 2019 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30980652

RESUMO

A chicken embryo develops in ovo without access to a constant circulating maternal nutrient supply, and therefore all necessary nutrients are initially stored in the yolk, and with progressive development are transferred to the liver, where they are taken up in response to various needs. Fluctuations in hepatic trace elements correlate with their mobilization from egg stores. 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) intoxication causes liver damage by production of free radicals, while α-tocopherol is a well-known antioxidant and may play a protective role. In the experiment presented here, a solution containing only TCDD, TCDD and α-tocopherol, as well as α-tocopherol exclusively, was administrated into the yolk sac. The iron, zinc, copper and magnesium distribution was evaluated using histological and chemical methods. It has been found that α-tocopherol has no influence on magnesium and zinc content in the liver. The observed increase in iron content may be caused by antagonistic action of iron and α-tocopherol. On the other hand, synergistic action of α-tocopherol and TCDD has been noted with respect to the copper content.


Assuntos
Fígado/embriologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/toxicidade , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Teratogênios/toxicidade , Oligoelementos/metabolismo , alfa-Tocoferol/farmacologia , Animais , Embrião de Galinha , Galinhas , Cobre/metabolismo , Feminino , Hepatócitos/patologia , Ferro/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Magnésio/metabolismo , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/administração & dosagem , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Zinco/metabolismo , alfa-Tocoferol/administração & dosagem
11.
Polymers (Basel) ; 11(1)2019 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30960076

RESUMO

In response to the demand for new multifunctional materials characterized by high biocompatibility, hydrogel (HG) nanocomposites as a platform for bioactive compound delivery have been developed and fabricated. A specific crosslinking/copolymerization chemistry was used to construct hydrogels with a controlled network organization. The hydrogels were prepared using 3,6-anhydro-α-l-galacto-ß-d-galactan (galactose hydrogel) together with resveratrol (trans-3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) and calcium hydroxyapatite nanoparticles. The resveratrol was introduced in three different concentrations of 0.1, 0.5, and 1 mM. Nanosized calcium hydroxyapatite was synthesized by a microwave-assisted hydrothermal technique, annealed at 500 °C for 3 h, and introduced at a concentration 10% (m/v). The morphology and structural properties of Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 and its composite were determined by using XRPD (X-ray powder diffraction) techniques, as well as the absorption and IR (infrared) spectroscopy. The average nanoparticle size was 35 nm. The water affinity, morphology, organic compound release profile, and cytocompatibility of the obtained materials were studied in detail. The designed hydrogels were shown to be materials of biological relevance and of great pharmacological potential as carriers for bioactive compound delivery. Their cytocompatibility was tested using a model of human multipotent stromal cells isolated from adipose tissue (hASCs). The biomaterials increased the proliferative activity and viability of hASCs, as well as reduced markers of oxidative stress. In light of the obtained results, it has been thought that the designed materials meet the requirements of the tissue engineering triad, and may find application in regenerative medicine, especially for personalized therapies.

12.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 27(8): 1619-1628, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30852078

RESUMO

Gastrotoxicity continues to be a major issue in therapy with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Medicine is yet to develop absolutely safe analgesics. Numerous strategies are employed to discover new, safer NSAIDs, for example selective inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2, new molecular targets (e.g. microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase-1), incorporation of cytoprotective compounds in the drug molecule or modification of the classic NSAIDs currently available on the market. The research presented in this paper is indicative of a current worldwide trend in this area of science, and is an example of the fourth strategy noted above. Two series of new arylpiperazine derivatives of the classic NSAID - piroxicam, were developed by conventional synthesis. The full range of compounds obtained proved to be between two and five times analgesically more potent than the reference drug and, most importantly, they did not show any ulcerogenic activity.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/química , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Piperazinas/química , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Analgésicos/efeitos adversos , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Piperazinas/efeitos adversos , Piroxicam/efeitos adversos , Piroxicam/análogos & derivados , Piroxicam/farmacologia , Ratos Wistar , Úlcera/induzido quimicamente
13.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 98: 213-226, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813022

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the cytocompatibility of poly (l-lactide) (PLLA) scaffolds fabricated using co-rotating twin screw extrusion technique and functionalized with different concentrations of nano-hydroxyapatite (nHAp). The efforts were aimed on the designing bioactive scaffolds improving the viability and metabolic activity of human adipose-derived multipotent stromal cells (hASCs). The in vitro study was designed to determine the optimal nHAp concentration, based on analysis of hASCs morphology, adhesion rate, as well as metabolic and proliferative potential. Initially, the PLLA filled with three different concentrations of the nHAp were tested i.e. 5%, 10% and 15 wt%. The obtained results indicated that the 10 wt% nHAp in the PLLA (10% nHAp/PLLA) matrices improved the adhesion and proliferation of the hASCs, what was in good agreement with the results of tensile properties of the composites. Further, we performed profound studies regarding the cytotoxicity of 10% nHAp/PLLA. The analysis included the evaluation of the biomaterial influence on viability, apoptosis-related markers expression profile and mitochondrial function. The cytocompatibility of 10% nHAp/PLLA scaffolds toward the hASCs was confirmed. The hASCs propagated on 10% nHAp/PLLA were more viable then those propagated on the plain PLLA. The level of pro-apoptotic markers, i.e. caspase-3 and Bax in cultures on 10% nHAp/PLLA was significantly decreased. Obtained results correlated with higher mitochondrial membrane potential of hASCs in those cultures. The obtained composites may improve therapeutic potential of hASCs via directing their adhesion, enhancing proliferation and viability as well as increasing mitochondrial potential, thus may find potential application in tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/citologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Durapatita/química , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Adipócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecidos Suporte/química
14.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 28(7): 973-980, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30684314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) can cause adverse effects in many organs. Toxic effects are caused due to the formation of a TCDD complex with the cytoplasmatic aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), whose mechanism of action is similar to that of the estrogen receptor (ER). Some substances, including α-tocopherol (E) and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), can reduce the toxic effects of TCDD in offspring. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the co-expression of AhR and ER in the incisors of rat offspring whose mothers were exposed to TCDD, using immunohistochemical and histological techniques. Moreover, the possible protective role of E and ASA was investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four groups of 2-day-old rat offspring, whose mothers were intoxicated by TCDD before mating, were established: control group (C), TCDD group, TCDD+E group and TCDD+ASA group. RESULTS: In the TCDD group, there was an increase in ER expression and a decrease in AhR expression in comparison with the C group. In the TCDD+E and TCDD+ASA groups, there was a weak or negative ER expression and slightly stronger expression of AhR than in the TCDD group. CONCLUSIONS: The co-expression of AhR and ER during tooth development suggests the role of AhR and ER in the control of this process. Both receptors are also involved in the process of detoxification of TCDD. The increase in AhR in TCDD+E and TCDD+ASA groups indicate a preventive action of antioxidant and antiinflammatory pharmaceutics, which may limit negative effects of TCDD.


Assuntos
Aspirina/farmacologia , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/toxicidade , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Tocoferóis/farmacologia , Anormalidades Dentárias/induzido quimicamente , Dente/crescimento & desenvolvimento , alfa-Tocoferol/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Poluentes Ambientais , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Mães , Ratos
15.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 190(2): 517-525, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30465169

RESUMO

This paper focuses on negative effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on element content in male chicken calvaria and α-tocopherol (vitamin E) ability to reduce its toxic potential on bone mineralization in offspring. In the experiment carried out once, a solution containing only DMSO, TCDD, TCDD + α-tocopherol, and exclusively α-tocopherol was administrated. Subsequently, on the 5th day after hatching, the mineral composition of the chicken calvaria was evaluated. The results obtained suggest that the use of α-tocopherol contributes to the maintenance of the concentration of calcium, magnesium, and manganese in the chicken calvaria treated with TCDD in the embryonic period. In turn, vitamin E increases the level of zinc. It has been found that α-tocopherol in chicken embryos has a protective effect against disturbance of level of chosen trace elements in the bones of offspring caused by the TCDD.


Assuntos
Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/toxicidade , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Crânio/efeitos dos fármacos , Oligoelementos/análise , alfa-Tocoferol/farmacologia , Animais , Cálcio/análise , Embrião de Galinha , Galinhas , Magnésio/análise , Masculino , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Crânio/química , Vitamina E/administração & dosagem , Vitamina E/farmacologia , alfa-Tocoferol/administração & dosagem
16.
Dalton Trans ; 47(43): 15616, 2018 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30358784

RESUMO

Correction for 'Preferential site occupancy of Eu3+ ions in strontium hydroxyapatite nanocrystalline - Sr10(PO4)6(OH)2- structural and spectroscopic characterisation' by Katarzyna Zawisza and Rafal J. Wiglusz, Dalton Trans., 2017, 46, 3265-3275.

17.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 27(5): 695-701, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29616754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venous insufficiency is still a serious clinical problem. The exact cause and molecular mechanisms of this disease are still unknown. In this study, we try to identify whether there is a difference in the level of trace elements between healthy and pathological veins. Our results show that insufficient veins have different levels of some trace elements: magnesium, calcium, manganese, and silicon compared to control samples. This study could lead to a better understanding of the molecular causes of venous insufficiency and may help to develop better methods of treatment. OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, venous diseases are a very common clinical phenomenon. Venous insufficiency is thought to be one of the most common vein diseases. The exact mechanisms of its etiology are still unknown, although from a clinical point of view some risk factors include gender, age, changing hormone levels, heredity, and standing or sitting for long periods. An imbalance in trace elements could also play a crucial role in the development and/or progression of venous insufficiency. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The trace element content in varicose vein walls and in normal vein walls was measured using an inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) after sample mineralization. Statistical analysis (the Mann-Whitney U test and the Friedman ANOVA) was performed to compare insufficient veins to controls (healthy veins). RESULTS: This study found statistically significant higher magnesium (Mg) ion levels in varicose veins compared to controls (p = 0.0067) and differences close to statistical significance in calcium (Ca), manganese (Mn), and silicon (Si) ion levels. CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained could indicate oxidative stress occurring in chronic venous insufficiency as well as free radical neutralization pathways due to superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity with Mg, Mn and copper (Cu) ion involvement. Our results are consistent with literature data and are preliminary in nature.


Assuntos
Oligoelementos/metabolismo , Varizes/metabolismo , Insuficiência Venosa/etiologia , Cobre/metabolismo , Humanos , Magnésio/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Insuficiência Venosa/metabolismo , Zinco/metabolismo
18.
Inorg Chem ; 56(18): 10914-10925, 2017 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28846398

RESUMO

In the present work, a precipitation method was employed to prepare nanosized YAsO4 doped with Eu3+ ions. The raw nanomaterials have been thermally treated in a temperature range between 500 and 900 °C for 3 h. The XRD analysis demonstrated that the powders were single-phase nanopowders with high crystallite dispersion. Our studies were focused on relating the luminescence properties of the Eu3+ dopant to the nanocrystallite (NC) size. The average NC size varied accordingly between 15 and 45 nm. We have found that the size effect is manifested mainly in the expansion of the cell volume and broadening of XRD peaks, as indicated by Rietveld analysis. Moreover, the emission and excitation spectra, although typical for Eu3+ ions, demonstrated some degree of variability with calcination temperatures and doping concentration. To explain these differences, a detailed analysis of luminescence spectra by the Judd-Ofelt theory has been performed.

19.
Materials (Basel) ; 10(6)2017 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28772950

RESUMO

Biomaterials are substances manufactured for medical purposes in direct contact with the tissues of organisms. Prior to their use, they are tested to determine their usefulness and safety of application. Hydroxyapatites are used in medicine as a bony complement because of their similarity to the natural apatite therein. Thanks to their bioactivity, biocompatibility, stability and non-toxicity hydroxyapatite are the most commonly used materials in osteoimplantology. The use of materials at the nanoscale in medicine or biology may carry the risk of undesirable effects. The aim of the study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of high-temperature annealed nanohydroxyapatites on the L929 murine fibroblasts. Nanohydroxyapatites in powder form were obtained by the wet chemistry method: in the temperature range of 800-1000 °C and used for the study. Based on performed studies evaluating the morphology and fibroblast viability, it was found that nanohydroxyapatites show no cytotoxic effects on the L929 cell line.

20.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 78: 151-162, 2017 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28575969

RESUMO

Spinal cord injuries (SCI) often require simultaneous regeneration of nerve tissue and bone. Hydroxyapatites are described as bioresorbable materials with proper biocompatibility and osteoconductivity, therefore its application for spinal surgery is considered. In this paper, we present repeatable method for developing nanocrystalline calcium hydroxyapatites structurally modified with Li+ ions (nHAP:Li+). Obtained biomaterials were profoundly characterized in terms of their physicochemical properties. Moreover, we have shown that nHAP:Li+ doped with europium (Eu3+) may serve as a theranostic agent, what additionally extend its potential usage for SCI treatment. The biocompatibility of nHAP:Li+ was determined using human olfactory ensheathing cells (hOECs) and adipose tissue-derived multipotent stromal cells (hASCs). Both population of cells are eagerly applied for cell-based therapies in SCI, mainly due to their paracrine activity. The extensive in vitro studies showed that nHAP:Li+ promotes the cells proliferation, viability and cell-cell interactions. Obtained results provides encouraging approach that may have potential application in regenerative medicine and that could fulfil the promise of personalized medicine - important in SCI treatment.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco , Tecido Adiposo , Európio , Humanos , Íons , Regeneração Nervosa , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
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