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1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 715995, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805298

RESUMO

Introduction: Cyclic plaque structural stress has been hypothesized as a mechanism for plaque fatigue and eventually plaque rupture. A novel approach to derive cyclic plaque stress in vivo from optical coherence tomography (OCT) is hereby developed. Materials and Methods: All intermediate lesions from a previous OCT study were enrolled. OCT cross-sections at representative positions within each lesion were selected for plaque stress analysis. Detailed plaque morphology, including plaque composition, lumen and internal elastic lamina contours, were automatically delineated. OCT-derived vessel and plaque morphology were included in a 2-dimensional finite element analysis, loaded with patient-specific intracoronary pressure tracing data, to calculate the changes in plaque structural stress (ΔPSS) on vessel wall over the cardiac cycle. Results: A total of 50 lesions from 41 vessels were analyzed. A significant ΔPSS gradient was observed across the plaque, being maximal at the proximal shoulder (45.7 [32.3, 78.6] kPa), intermediate at minimal lumen area (MLA) (39.0 [30.8, 69.1] kPa) and minimal at the distal shoulder (35.1 [28.2, 72.3] kPa; p = 0.046). The presence of lipidic plaques were observed in 82% of the diseased segments. Larger relative lumen deformation and ΔPSS were observed in diseased segments, compared with normal segments (percent diameter change: 8.2 ± 4.2% vs. 6.3 ± 2.3%, p = 0.04; ΔPSS: 59.3 ± 48.2 kPa vs. 27.5 ± 8.2 kPa, p < 0.001). ΔPSS was positively correlated with plaque burden (r = 0.37, p < 0.001) and negatively correlated with fibrous cap thickness (r = -0.25, p = 0.004). Conclusions: ΔPSS provides a feasible method for assessing plaque biomechanics in vivo from OCT images, consistent with previous biomechanical and clinical studies based on different methodologies. Larger ΔPSS at proximal shoulder and MLA indicates the critical sites for future biomechanical assessment.

2.
Lancet ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compared with visual angiographic assessment, pressure wire-based physiological measurement more accurately identifies flow-limiting lesions in patients with coronary artery disease. Nonetheless, angiography remains the most widely used method to guide percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In FAVOR III China, we aimed to establish whether clinical outcomes might be improved by lesion selection for PCI using the quantitative flow ratio (QFR), a novel angiography-based approach to estimate the fractional flow reserve. METHODS: FAVOR III China is a multicentre, blinded, randomised, sham-controlled trial done at 26 hospitals in China. Patients aged 18 years or older, with stable or unstable angina pectoris or patients who had a myocardial infarction at least 72 h before screening, who had at least one lesion with a diameter stenosis of 50-90% in a coronary artery with a reference vessel of at least 2·5 mm diameter by visual assessment were eligible. Patients were randomly assigned to a QFR-guided strategy (PCI performed only if QFR ≤0·80) or an angiography-guided strategy (PCI based on standard visual angiographic assessment). Participants and clinical assessors were masked to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was the 1-year rate of major adverse cardiac events, a composite of death from any cause, myocardial infarction, or ischaemia-driven revascularisation. The primary analysis was done in the intention-to-treat population. The trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03656848). FINDINGS: Between Dec 25, 2018, and Jan 19, 2020, 3847 patients were enrolled. After exclusion of 22 patients who elected not to undergo PCI or who were withdrawn by their physicians, 3825 participants were included in the intention-to-treat population (1913 in the QFR-guided group and 1912 in the angiography-guided group). The mean age was 62·7 years (SD 10·1), 2699 (70·6%) were men and 1126 (29·4%) were women, 1295 (33·9%) had diabetes, and 2428 (63·5%) presented with an acute coronary syndrome. The 1-year primary endpoint occurred in 110 (Kaplan-Meier estimated rate 5·8%) participants in the QFR-guided group and in 167 (8·8%) participants in the angiography-guided group (difference, -3·0% [95% CI -4·7 to -1·4]; hazard ratio 0·65 [95% CI 0·51 to 0·83]; p=0·0004), driven by fewer myocardial infarctions and ischaemia-driven revascularisations in the QFR-guided group than in the angiography-guided group. INTERPRETATION: In FAVOR III China, among patients undergoing PCI, a QFR-guided strategy of lesion selection improved 1-year clinical outcomes compared with standard angiography guidance. FUNDING: Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and the National Clinical Research Centre for Cardiovascular Diseases, Fuwai Hospital.

3.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 14(11): e008055, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In clinical trials, the optimal method of adjudicating revascularization events as clinically or nonclinically indicated (CI) is to use an independent Clinical Events Committee (CEC). However, the Academic Research Consortium-2 currently recommends using physiological assessment. The level of agreement between these methods of adjudication remains unknown. METHODS: Data for all CEC adjudicated revascularization events among the 3457 patients followed-up for 2-years in the TALENT trial, and 3-years in the DESSOLVE III, PIONEER, and SYNTAX II trial were collected and readjudicated according to a quantitative flow ratio (QFR) analysis of the revascularized vessels, by an independent core lab blinded to the results of the conventional CEC adjudication. The κ statistic was used to assess the level of agreement between the 2 methods. RESULTS: In total, 351 CEC-adjudicated repeat revascularization events occurred, with retrospective QFR analysis successfully performed in 212 (60.4%). According to QFR analysis, 104 events (QFR ≤0.80) were adjudicated as CI revascularizations and 108 (QFR >0.80) were not. The agreement between CEC and QFR based adjudication was just fair (κ=0.335). Between the 2 methods of adjudication, there was a disagreement of 26.4% and 7.1% in CI and non-CI revascularization, respectively. Overall, the concordance and discordance rates were 66.5% and 33.5%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this event-level analysis, QFR based adjudication had a relatively low agreement with CEC adjudication with respect to whether revascularization events were CI or not. CEC adjudication appears to overestimate CI revascularization as compared with QFR adjudication. Direct comparison between these 2 strategies in terms of revascularization adjudication is warranted in future trials. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: TALENT trial: NCT02870140, DESSOLVE III trial: NCT02385279, SYNTAX II: NCT02015832, and PIONEER trial: NCT02236975.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Angiografia Coronária , Vasos Coronários , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(20): e018828, 2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622669

RESUMO

Background New-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) reduce target-vessel revascularization compared with bare-metal stents (BMS), and recent data suggest that DES have the potential to decrease the risk of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality. We evaluated the treatment effect of DES versus BMS according to the target artery (left anterior descending [LAD] and/or left main [LM] versus other territories [no-LAD/LM]). Methods and Results The Coronary Stent Trialist (CST) Collaboration gathered individual patient data of randomized trials of DES versus BMS for the treatment of coronary artery disease. The primary outcome was the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs were derived from a 1-stage individual patient data meta-analysis. We included 26 024 patients across 19 trials: 13 650 (52.4%) in the LAD/LM and 12 373 (47.6%) in the no-LAD/LM group. At 6-year follow-up, there was strong evidence that the treatment effect of DES versus BMS depended on the target vessel (P-interaction=0.024). Compared with BMS, DES reduced the risk of cardiac death or myocardial infarction to a greater extent in the LAD/LM (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.68-0.85) than in the no-LAD/LM territories (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.83-1.05). This benefit was driven by a lower risk of cardiac death (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.70-0.98) and myocardial infarction (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.65-0.85) in patients with LAD/LM disease randomized to DES. An interaction (P=0.004) was also found for all-cause mortality with patients with LAD/LM disease deriving benefit from DES (HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.76-0.97). Conclusions As compared with BMS, new-generation DES were associated with sustained reduction in the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction if used for the treatment of LAD or left main coronary stenoses. Registration URL: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO; Unique identifier: CRD42017060520.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468076

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To validate QFR using 4-F diagnostic catheters compared to using 6-F guiding catheters, with conventional guidewire-based FFR as the reference standard, using independent core laboratory analysis. BACKGROUND: Quantitative Flow Ratio (QFR) allows Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) calculation based on the coronary angiogram, using 5- or 6-French (F) catheters. However, the use of 4-F diagnostic catheters to perform coronary angiography is currently routine in some centers. METHODS: We included all consecutive patients with stable coronary artery disease and indicated for physiological assessment. QFR was performed using a 4-F diagnostic catheter, then QFR was performed using a 6-F guiding catheter while conventional FFR was measured using a pressure guidewire. Angiograms were sent to two separate core laboratories. RESULTS: One hundred lesions in 67 consecutive patients with QFR performed using 4-F and 6-F catheters, and with conventional FFR, were included. Pearson's correlation coefficient was for QFR 4-F vs. FFR 0.91 [0.87-0.94], for QFR 6-F vs. FFR 0.90 [0.86-0.94], and for QFR 4-F vs. QFR 6-F 0.93 [0.90-0.95]. Receiver-operator characteristic curves (ROC) comparing the ability to predict an FFR value above or below 0.80 with QFR 4-F and 6-F were generated. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) vs. FFR was 0.972 [0.95-0.99] for QFR 4-F and 0.970 [0.94-0.99] for QFR 6-F. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated the feasibility of performing QFR analysis from angiograms obtained by 4-F catheters, and showed a good correlation with QFR performed using 6-F catheters as well as with conventional FFR performed using a pressure guidewire.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Permanent drug-eluting stents are associated with a steady increase of late complications attributed to persistent inflammation and poor vessel remodelling. Bioresorbable scaffolds have been developed to overcome such long-term limitations by providing temporary vessel support and disappearing thereafter. We aimed to assess the long-term outcomes of an absorbable metallic scaffold at 5 years. METHODS: BIOSOLVE-II is an international, multi-centre, first-in-human study assessing the safety and performance of the sirolimus-eluting absorbable metal scaffold DREAMS 2G (commercial name Magmaris) in patients with a maximum of two de novo lesions. After 3 years, follow-up was extended to 5 years with the endpoints target lesion failure and rate of definite or probable stent thrombosis. RESULTS: 123 patients with 123 lesions were enrolled. Lesions were 12.6 ± 4.5 mm long and 2.7 ± 0.4 mm in diameter, 43.4% were class B2/C lesions, and calcification was moderate to severe in 10.6%. At 5 years, 5.4% of patients had stable angina and 94.6% had no symptoms or ischemia. Target lesion failure rate was 8.0% [95% CI:4.2;14.9], reflecting 2 cardiac deaths, 2 target-vessel myocardial infarction, and 6 clinically-driven target lesion revascularizations. Only one target lesion failure occurred beyond 3 years; a target-vessel myocardial infarction with clinically-driven TLR on post-procedure day 1157. One additional non-cardiac death beyond 3 years due to renal failure was reported on day 1777. No definite or probable scaffold thrombosis was observed. CONCLUSION: The Magmaris scaffold showed favourable long-term safety and clinical performance with low target lesion failure rates and absence of definite or probable scaffold thrombosis throughout 5 years. ANNOTATED TABLE OF CONTENTS: BIOSOLVE-II is a prospective, multi-centre, first-in-man trial enrolling 123 patients with de novo coronary artery lesions. Target lesion failure rate at 5 years was low (8.0%), including 2 cardiac deaths, 2 target-vessel myocardial infarction and 6 clinically-driven target lesion revascularizations. No definite or probable scaffold thrombosis was observed.

8.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387547

RESUMO

Clinical guidelines recommend the development of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) networks at community, regional and/or national level to offer ideally primary coronary angioplasty, or, at least the best available STEMI care to all patients. However, there is a discrepancy between this clinical recommendation and daily practice, with no coordinated care for STEMI patients in many regions of the world. While this can be a consequence of lacking resources, in reality, it is more frequently a lack of organizational power. In this paper, the Stent-Save a life! Initiative proposes a practical methodology to effectively set up a STEMI network in any region of the world, with existing resources, and to continuously develop the STEMI network once established.

9.
Cardiovasc. revasc. med ; 29: 9-15, Aug. 2021. graf, ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1293172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Local hemodynamic forces such as endothelial shear stress (ESS) may have an influence on appropriate neointimal healing, vessel remodeling, and struts absorption process following second-generation drug-eluting resorbable magnesium scaffold (RMS, Magmaris, Biotronik AG, Buelach, Switzerland) placement. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of ESS assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT)- based computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations on absorption process and coronary lumen dimension after Magmaris implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 22 patients who were enrolled in the BIOSOLVE-II trial and underwent serial OCT assessment immediately after Magmaris implantation and at 6- and 12-month follow-up were included. We evaluated qualitative OCT findings frame by frame, and CFD simulations were performed to calculate the ESS at 3-dimensional (3D) reconstructed arteries. For quantitative calculation, the average ESS within each 1-mm section was classified into three groups: low (2.5 Pa). A significant difference of percentage remnants of scaffold was observed among the 3 groups at 12-month follow-up (P = 0.001) but not at 6-month follow-up. Low-ESS segment at baseline resulted in a greater lumen change of −1.857 ± 1.902 mm2 at 1 year compared to −1.277 ± 1.562 mm2 in the intermediate-ESS segment (P = 0.017) and − 0.709 ± 1.213 mm2 in the high-ESS segment (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: After Magmaris implantation, the presence of higher ESS might be associated with slower strut absorption process but less luminal loss. SUMMARY FOR TABLE OF CONTENTS: The authors analyzed 22 patients from the BIOSOLVE-II trial who underwent optical coherence tomography assessment immediately after receiving a Magmaris second-generation drug-eluting resorbable magnesium scaffold. The analysis found that after Magmaris implantation, the presence of higher endothelial shear stress (ESS) might be associated with slower strut absorption process but less luminal loss. This study is the first demonstrating the impact of ESS assessed by OCT on absorption process and coronary lumen dimension after Magmaris implantation.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Magnésio , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Stents Farmacológicos
10.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(10): 1680-1691, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432113

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the impact of established cardiovascular disease (CVD) on 10-year all-cause death following coronary revascularization in patients with complex coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The SYNTAXES study assessed vital status out to 10 years of patients with complex CAD enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. The relative efficacy of PCI versus CABG in terms of 10-year all-cause death was assessed according to co-existing CVD. RESULTS: Established CVD status was recorded in 1771 (98.3%) patients, of whom 827 (46.7%) had established CVD. Compared to those without CVD, patients with CVD had a significantly higher risk of 10-year all-cause death (31.4% vs. 21.7%; adjusted HR: 1.40; 95% CI 1.08-1.80, p = 0.010). In patients with CVD, PCI had a non-significant numerically higher risk of 10-year all-cause death compared with CABG (35.9% vs. 27.2%; adjusted HR: 1.14; 95% CI 0.83-1.58, p = 0.412). The relative treatment effects of PCI versus CABG on 10-year all-cause death in patients with complex CAD were similar irrespective of the presence of CVD (p-interaction = 0.986). Only those patients with CVD in ≥ 2 territories had a higher risk of 10-year all-cause death (adjusted HR: 2.99, 95% CI 2.11-4.23, p < 0.001) compared to those without CVD. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of CVD involving more than one territory was associated with a significantly increased risk of 10-year all-cause death, which was non-significantly higher in complex CAD patients treated with PCI compared with CABG. Acceptable long-term outcomes were observed, suggesting that patients with established CVD should not be precluded from undergoing invasive angiography or revascularization. TRIAL REGISTRATION: SYNTAX: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT00114972. SYNTAX Extended Survival: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT03417050.

11.
Endocrinol Diabetes Metab ; 4(3): e00263, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277986

RESUMO

Introduction: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is associated with earlier onset of cardiovascular disease. Recent evidence has found hyperglycaemia appears to play a greater role in this association among T1DM compared to T2DM. This study investigates the relationship between glucose and QTc (a key cardiovascular measure) using data from continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) and glucose monitors. Methods: Seventeen adults with T1DM were recruited at a clinical facility in Ireland. A continuous glucose monitoring system was fitted to each participant that measured glucose every 5 min for 7 days. The participants simultaneously wore a vest with sensors to measure 12-lead ECG data every 10 min for 7 days. Area under the glucose curve (AUC), proportion of time spent in hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia, and mean daily absolute deviation of glucose were calculated. Mixed effects ANOVA and functional regression models were fitted to the data to investigate the aggregate and time-dependent association between glucose and QTc. Results: All participants were male with an average age of 52.5 (SD 3.8) years. Those with neuropathy had a significantly higher mean QTc compared to their counterparts. Mean QTc was significantly longer during hyperglycaemia. There was a significant positive association between QTc and time spent in hyperglycaemia. A negative association was found between QTc and time spent in hypoglycaemia. A functional model suggested a positive relationship between glucose and QTc at several times during the 7-day follow-up. Conclusion: This study used sensor technology to investigate, with high granularity, the temporal relationship between glucose and ECG data over one week. QTc was found to be longer on average during hyperglycaemia.

12.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 667310, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222366

RESUMO

A novel method for four-dimensional superficial wall strain and stress (4D-SWS) is derived from the arterial motion as pictured by invasive coronary angiography. Compared with the conventional finite element analysis of cardiovascular biomechanics using the estimated pulsatile pressure, the 4D-SWS approach can calculate the dynamic mechanical state of the superficial wall in vivo, which could be directly linked with plaque rupture or stent fracture. The validation of this approach using in silico models showed that the distribution and maximum values of superficial wall stress were similar to those calculated by conventional finite element analysis. The in vivo deformation was validated on 16 coronary arteries, from the comparison of centerlines predicted by the 4D-SWS approach against the actual centerlines reconstructed from angiograms at a randomly selected time-point, which demonstrated a good agreement of the centerline morphology between both approaches (scaling: 0.995 ± 0.018 and dissimilarity: 0.007 ± 0.014). The in silico vessel models with softer plaque and larger plaque burden presented more variation in mean lumen diameter and resulted in higher superficial wall stress. In more than half of the patients (n = 16), the maximum superficial wall stress was found at the proximal lesion shoulder. Additionally, in three patients who later suffered from acute coronary syndrome, the culprit plaque rupture sites co-localized with the site of highest superficial wall stress on their baseline angiography. These representative cases suggest that angiography-based superficial wall dynamics have the potential to identify coronary segments at high-risk of plaque rupture and fracture sites of implanted stents. Ongoing studies are focusing on identifying weak spots in coronary bypass grafts, and on exploring the biomechanical mechanisms of coronary arterial remodeling and aneurysm formation. Future developments involve integration of fast computational techniques to allow online availability of superficial wall strain and stress in the catheterization laboratory.

13.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optical flow ratio (OFR) is a novel method for fast computation of fractional flow reserve (FFR) from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of OFR in predicting post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) FFR and to evaluate the impact of stent expansion on within-stent OFR pressure drop (In-stent OFR). METHODS: Post-PCI OFR was computed in patients with both OCT and FFR interrogation immediately after PCI. Calculation of post-PCI OFR (called simulated residual OFR) from pre-PCI OCT pullbacks after elimination of the stenotic segment by virtual stenting was performed in a subgroup of patients who had pre-PCI OCT images. Stent underexpansion was quantified by the minimum expansion index (MEI) of the stented segment. RESULTS: A total of 125 paired comparisons between post-PCI OFR and FFR were obtained in 119 patients, among which simulated residual OFR was obtained in 64 vessels. Mean post-PCI FFR was 0.92 ± 0.05. Post-PCI OFR showed good correlation (r = 0.74, p<0.001) and agreement (mean difference = -0.01 ± 0.03, p = 0.051) with FFR. The accuracy in predicting post-PCI FFR≤0.90 was 84% for post-PCI OFR. Simulated residual OFR significantly correlated with post-PCI FFR (r = 0.42, p<0.001). MEI showed moderate correlation (r=-0.49, p<0.001) with In-stent OFR. CONCLUSIONS: Post-PCI OFR showed good diagnostic concordance with post-PCI FFR. Simulated residual OFR significantly correlated with post-PCI FFR. Stent underexpansion significantly correlated with in-stent pressure drop.

14.
Int J Cardiol ; 338: 168-173, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appropriate size selection of transcatheter heart valves (THVs) is fundamental to reduce transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) related complications, particularly paravalvular aortic regurgitation, new permanent pacemaker implantation, and annular rupture. We sought to investigate the frequency of operator selection of intermediate-size balloon-expandable Myval THVs (Meril Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd., India) for TAVI in a real-world dataset. METHODS: In this retrospective survey of patients treated with TAVI using the Myval THV, 20, 23, 26, and 29 mm are conventional-size THVs, 21.5, 24.5 and 27.5 mm are intermediate-size THVs, and 30.5 and 32 mm are extra-large THVs. Operator size selection for implantation was based on multislice computed tomography (MSCT) derived aortic-root dimensions. RESULTS: A total of 1115 patients underwent Myval THV implantation in 27 countries worldwide. The Myval intermediate-size THVs were used in 468 (42.0%) patients. MSCT data were available in 562 patients. There was no statistical difference between the Intermediate/Upsized and Appropriately sized groups or Intermediate/Downsized and Appropriately sized groups in terms of different variables measured with MSCT except for annular dimensions and degree of calcification. CONCLUSIONS: Intermediate-size Myval balloon-expandable THVs are used in nearly half of all cases in contemporary real-world TAVI practice, addressing the unmet need of TAVI operators for a more calibrated THV choice. Our hypothesis should be tested in randomized prospective studies currently initiated in Europe, including clinical outcomes of patients treated with both conventional- and intermediate-size THVs.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Índia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Int J Cardiol ; 336: 38-44, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In chronic coronary syndromes, guidelines mandate invasive functional guidance of revascularization whenever non-invasive proof of ischemia is missing. ISIS-2 survey aimed to evaluate how the adoption of guideline recommendation on ischemia-guided revascularization has evolved over the last 5-7 years. METHODS: In ISIS-2 participants assessed five complete angiograms, presenting only intermediate stenoses without information on non-invasive pre-testing. Fractional flow reserve was known for each stenosis, but remained undisclosed. Participants could determine stenosis significance either by angiography or by requesting an adjunctive invasive diagnostic method (intravascular imaging or functional tests). Primary endpoint was the rate of requesting adjunctive functional assessment. Secondary endpoints were the rate of concordance between angiography-based decisions and know functional severity. ISIS-2 utilized the same web-based platform as ISIS-1 in 2013. (NCT04001452). RESULTS: 334 participants performed 2059 lesion evaluations: 1202 (59%) decisions were based solely on angiography without expressed need for further evaluation. These decisions were discordant with known functional significance in 39%, mainly with potential of overtreatment. Participants requested invasive functional assessment in 643 (31%) and intravascular imaging in 214 (10%) cases. Compared to ISIS-1 the rate of purely angiography-based decisions has decreased (59% vs 66%; p < 0.001), while invasive functional tests were more frequently requested (31% vs 25%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: ISIS-2 suggests an evolving pattern in the intention to integrate invasive coronary physiology into the revascularization decisions. However, the disconnect between recommendations and current thinking is still dominant.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Angiografia Coronária , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Síndrome
18.
Eur Heart J ; 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002203

RESUMO

AIMS: The value of elective coronary revascularisation plus medical therapy over medical therapy alone in managing stable patients with coronary artery disease is debated. We reviewed all trials comparing the two strategies in this population. METHODS AND RESULTS: From inception through November 2020, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and other databases were searched for randomised trials comparing revascularisation against medical therapy alone in clinically stable coronary artery disease patients. Treatment effects were measured by rate ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals, using random-effects models. Cardiac mortality was the pre-specified primary endpoint. Spontaneous myocardial infarction (MI) and its association with cardiac mortality were secondary endpoints. Further endpoints included all-cause mortality, any MI, and stroke. Longest follow-up data were abstracted. The study is registered with PROSPERO (CRD42021225598). Twenty-five trials involving 19 806 patients (10 023 randomised to revascularisation plus medical therapy and 9783 to medical therapy alone) were included. Compared with medical therapy alone, revascularisation yielded a lower risk of cardiac death [RR 0.79 (0.67-0.93), P < 0.01] and spontaneous MI [RR 0.74 (0.64-0.86), P < 0.01]. By meta-regression, the cardiac death risk reduction after revascularisation, compared with medical therapy alone, was linearly associated with follow-up duration [RR per 4-year follow-up: 0.81 (0.69-0.96), P = 0.008], spontaneous MI absolute difference (P = 0.01) and percentage of multivessel disease at baseline (P = 0.004). Trial sequential and sensitivity analyses confirmed the reliability of the cardiac mortality findings. All-cause mortality [0.94 (0.87-1.01), P = 0.11], any MI (P = 0.14), and stroke risk (P = 0.30) did not differ significantly between strategies. CONCLUSION: In stable coronary artery disease patients, randomisation to elective coronary revascularisation plus medical therapy led to reduced cardiac mortality compared with medical therapy alone. The cardiac survival benefit after revascularisation improved with longer follow-up times and was associated with fewer spontaneous MIs.

20.
Eur Heart J ; 42(27): 2695-2707, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822922

RESUMO

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) guided by coronary physiology provides symptomatic benefit and improves patient outcomes. Nevertheless, over one-fourth of patients still experience recurrent angina or major adverse cardiac events following the index procedure. Coronary angiography, the current workhorse for evaluating PCI efficacy, has limited ability to identify suboptimal PCI results. Accumulating evidence supports the usefulness of immediate post-procedural functional assessment. This review discusses the incidence and possible mechanisms behind a suboptimal physiology immediately after PCI. Furthermore, we summarize the current evidence base supporting the usefulness of immediate post-PCI functional assessment for evaluating PCI effectiveness, guiding PCI optimization, and predicting clinical outcomes. Multiple observational studies and post hoc analyses of datasets from randomized trials demonstrated that higher post-PCI functional results are associated with better clinical outcomes as well as a reduced rate of residual angina and repeat revascularization. As such, post-PCI functional assessment is anticipated to impact patient management, secondary prevention, and resource utilization. Pre-PCI physiological guidance has been shown to improve clinical outcomes and reduce health care costs. Whether similar benefits can be achieved using post-PCI physiological assessment requires evaluation in randomized clinical outcome trials.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angina Pectoris , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
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