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1.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 21(1): 201-201, ene.-abr. 2021. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-1886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Long-term childhood cancer survivors (CCS) are at risk for adverse late effects. However, not all of them are well understood. The present study addressed loneliness, a previously under-researched mental health risk in cancer survivor populations. We assessed the prevalence of loneliness and its impact on psychological symptoms over time. METHOD: A registry-based sample of N=633 adult long-term CCS underwent medical and psychological assessments and took part in a follow-up survey 2.5 years later. Psychological symptoms (somatic, anxiety, depression symptoms, and suicidal ideation) were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire. We calculated linear regression models of symptoms at follow-up to investigate the impact of loneliness over time (controlling for symptoms at baseline and relevant confounders). RESULTS: Loneliness was reported by 17.70% of CCS. In multivariate linear regression analyses, loneliness was still predictive of more severe anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation over two years later. Loneliness did not predict somatic and depression symptoms at follow-up (which increased with age). CONCLUSIONS: Loneliness affected a significant number of CCS and was a risk factor for persistent anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation. The extent to which young cancer patients' re-integration into society is successful could thus have important implications for well-being in adulthood


ANTECEDENTE/OBJETIVO: Los sobrevivientes a largo plazo de cáncer infantil (SCI) están en riesgo de sufrir efectos tardíos. Evaluamos la prevalencia de la soledad y su impacto en los síntomas psicológicos a lo largo del tiempo. MÉTODO: Una muestra de N=633 adultos con un pasado de SCI se sometió a evaluaciones médicas y psicológicas y participó en una encuesta de seguimiento 2,5 años después. Los síntomas psicológicos se midieron mediante el Patient Health Questionnaire. Calculamos modelos de regresión lineal de síntomas en el seguimiento para investigar el impacto de la soledad a lo largo del tiempo (controlando los síntomas al inicio y los factores de confusión relevantes). RESULTADOS: La soledad fue reportada por el 17,70% de SCI. La soledad seguía siendo predictiva de síntomas de ansiedad más graves e ideación suicida dos años después. La soledad no predijo los síntomas somáticos y de depresión durante el seguimiento (que aumentaron con la edad). CONCLUSIONES: La soledad fue un factor de riesgo para síntomas de ansiedad persistente e ideación suicida. La medida en que la reintegración de los pacientes jóvenes con cáncer en la sociedad tenga éxito podría tener importantes implicaciones para el bienestar en la edad adulta

2.
J. optom. (Internet) ; 14(1): 50-57, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-1896

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Low birth weight (BW) individuals have an increased risk for myopic refractive error. However, it is unclear which ocular geometric alterations lead to an increase in myopic refractive error. This study aims to evaluate the impact of ocular biometry in interaction with BW on refractive error. METHODS: Participants of the prospective, observational, population-based Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) with self-reported BW aged 40-80 years and objective refraction and optical biometry were included. Linear regression analyses were conducted to evaluate associations between spherical equivalent with corneal power, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness and axial length and its interaction with BW adjusted for age and sex. Low BW was defined as BW < 2500 g and normal BW between 2500-4000 g. RESULTS: Overall, 5123 participants were included. Linear regression showed an interaction of axial length (B = 0.009/100 g, p = 0.002) with BW on spherical equivalent while corneal power, anterior chamber depth and lens thickness revealed no interaction with BW on refractive error. Furthermore, linear regression analysis revealed, that axial length explains 58% of variance of spherical equivalent in low BW subjects, and 54% in normal BW subjects. In contrast, corneal power explained 1% of variance of spherical equivalent in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that axial length variation explains the majority of variance in refractive error, while steeper corneal shape has no conclusive effects on refractive error. Low BW is not linked to effects of steeper corneal shape on myopic refractive error, while the effect of axial length on myopia is fractionally enlarged in those subjects


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3.
Blood ; 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529319

RESUMO

Patients with isolated pulmonary embolism (PE) have a distinct clinical profile from those with deep vein thrombosis (DVT)-associated PE, with more pulmonary conditions and atherosclerosis. These findings suggest a distinct molecular pathophysiology and the potential involvement of alternative pathways in isolated PE. To test this hypothesis, data from 532 individuals from the Genotyping and Molecular Phenotyping of Venous ThromboEmbolism (GMP-VTE) Project, a multi-center prospective cohort study with extensive biobanking, were analyzed. Targeted, high-throughput proteomics, machine learning, and bioinformatic methods were applied to contrast the acute-phase plasma proteomes of isolated PE patients (n=96) against those of patients with DVT-associated PE (n=276) or isolated DVT (n=160). This resulted in the identification of shared molecular processes between PE phenotypes, as well as an isolated PE-specific protein signature. Shared processes included upregulation of inflammation, response to oxidative stress, and the loss of pulmonary surfactant. The isolated PE-specific signature consisted of five proteins: interferon-γ (IFNG), glial cell line-derived neurotrophic growth factor (GDNF), polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 3 (GALNT3), peptidyl arginine deiminase type-2 (PADI2) and interleukin-15 receptor subunit α (IL-15Rα). These proteins were orthogonally validated using cis protein quantitative trait loci (cis pQTLs). External replication in an independent population-based cohort (n=5,778) further validated the proteomic results, and showed that they were prognostic for incident primary isolated PE in individuals without history of VTE (median time to event: 2.9 years, interquartile range: 1.6 - 4.2 years), supporting their possible involvement in the early pathogenesis. This study has identified molecular overlaps and differences between VTE phenotypes. In particular, the results implicate non-canonical pathways more commonly associated with respiratory and atherosclerotic disease in the acute pathophysiology of isolated PE.

4.
Chest ; 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548221

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data are available on the long-term course and predictors of quality of life (QoL) after acute pulmonary embolism (PE). RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the kinetics and determinants of disease-specific and generic health-related QoL 3 and 12 months after acute PE? STUDY DESIGN: and methods. The FOllow-up after aCUte pulmonary emboliSm (FOCUS) study prospectively followed consecutive adult patients with objectively diagnosed PE. We considered patients who completed the Pulmonary Embolism QoL (PEmb-QoL) Questionnaire at predefined visits 3 and 12 months after PE. We studied the course of disease-specific QoL as assessed by PEmb-QoL and the impact of baseline characteristics using multivariable mixed-effects linear regression, along with the course of generic QoL as assessed by the EQ-5D-5L utility index and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). RESULTS: In 620 patients (44% women, median age 62 years), overall disease-specific QoL improved from 3 to 12 months, with a decrease of the median PEmb-QoL score from 19.4% to 13.0% and a mean individual change of -4.3% (95% CI: -3.2% to -5.5%). Female sex, cardiopulmonary disease, and higher body-mass index were associated with worse QoL at both 3 and 12 months. Over time, the association with body-mass index became weaker, while older age and previous venous thromboembolism were associated with worsening QoL. Generic QoL also improved: the mean EQ-5D-5L utility index increased from 0.85 (standard deviation (SD) 0.22) to 0.87 (SD 0.20), the VAS from 72.9 (SD 18.8) to 74.4 (SD 19.1). INTERPRETATION: In a large cohort of survivors of acute PE, we quantified the change of QoL between months 3 and 12 after diagnosis, and identified factors independently associated with lower QoL and slower recovery of QoL. This information may facilitate the planning and interpretation of clinical trials assessing QoL and help guide patient management.

5.
Front Public Health ; 9: 553071, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33614574

RESUMO

In Germany, large, population-based cohort studies have been implemented in order to identify risk and protective factors for maintaining health across the life span. The purpose of this systematic review is to analyse findings from three large ongoing cohorts and to identify sex-specific prevalence rates, risk and protective factors for mental health. Published studies from the Cooperative Health Research in the Region Augsburg (KORA), the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) and the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS)), representing the southern, north-eastern and middle parts of Germany, were identified through searches of the databases PubMed and Web of Science. A total of 52 articles was identified from the start of each cohort until June 2019. Articles reporting prevalence rates of mental health [N = 22], explanatory factors for mental health [N = 25], or both [N = 5] were identified. Consistent across cohorts, higher prevalence rates of internalizing disorders were found for women and more externalizing disorders for men. Risk and protective factors for mental health included social factors, lifestyle, physical health, body mass index (BMI), diabetes, genetic and biological factors. In all areas, differences and similarities were found between women and men. The most evident were the sex-specific risk profiles for depression with mostly external risk factors for men and internal risk factors for women. Gender was not assessed directly, therefore we examined whether socioeconomic and family-related factors reflecting gender roles or institutionalized gender could be used as a proxy for gender. Overall, this systematic review shows differences and similarities in prevalence rates and determinants of mental health indicators between women and men. They underline the importance of focussing on sex specific approaches in mental health research and in the development of prevention measures. Current research on mental health still lacks focus on gender aspects. Therefore, an increased focus on sex and gender in mental health research is of great importance.

6.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533883

RESUMO

Importance: Global longitudinal strain (GLS) is an emerging echocardiographic biomarker of cardiac function in heart failure (HF). Evidence from large-scale studies comprehensively investigating GLS for its association with clinical phenotypes and mortality in asymptomatic and symptomatic chronic HF is limited. Objective: To assess the factors associated with GLS and its prognostic value in patients with chronic HF. Design, Setting, and Participants: The observational, prospective MyoVasc cohort study enrolled 3289 individuals with asymptomatic to symptomatic HF between January 17, 2013, and April 27, 2018. The median follow-up was 3.2 years (interquartile range, 2.0-4.0 years). Participants with stages A to D HF according to American Heart Association (AHA) criteria were examined at a dedicated study center. Echocardiography was performed with GLS measurement by independent reviewers. Data were analyzed from September 2, 2019, to January 15, 2020. Main Outcomes and Measures: All-cause and cardiac mortality were recorded by structured follow-up and validated via death certificates. Results: In the study sample, data on GLS were available on 2440 individuals, of whom 2186 (mean [SD] age, 65.0 [10.5] years; 1418 [64.9%] men) were classified as having AHA HF stages A to D. Mean (SD) GLS worsened across AHA stages from stage A (n = 434; -19.44 [3.15%]) to stage B (n = 629; -18.01 [3.46%]) to stages C/D (n = 1123; -15.52 [4.64%]). Age (ß = -0.27; 95% CI, -0.47 to -0.067; per decade, P = .009), female sex (ß = -1.2; 95% CI, -1.6 to -0.77; per decade, P < .001), obesity (ß = 0.64; 95% CI, 0.25-1.0; P = .001), atrial fibrillation (ß = 1.2; 95% CI, 0.69-1.6; P < .001), myocardial infarction (ß = 1.5; 95% CI, 1.00-2.1; P < .001), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (ß = -0.53; 95% CI, -0.73 to -0.32; per SD, P < .001) were independently associated with GLS in multivariable regression analysis. Global longitudinal strain was associated with the severity of HF as reflected by N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic protein (NT-proBNP) levels after additionally adjusting for cardiac structure and function (P < .001). During follow-up, GLS was associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] per SD, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.19-2.01; P < .001) and cardiac death (HR per SD, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.57-3.42; P < .001) independent of image quality, observer variability, clinical profile, HF medications, NYHA class, and cardiac structure and function. After further adjustment for the NT-proBNP level, GLS remained associated with cardiac death (HR per SD, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.07-2.41; P = .02) but not all-cause mortality (HR per SD, 1.26; 95% CI, 0.95-1.66; P = .11). Conclusions and Relevance: In patients with chronic HF, GLS was associated with clinical and cardiac status, reflected neurohormonal activation, and was associated with cardiac mortality independent of clinical and cardiac status. These findings suggest that GLS may serve as a useful tool to improve risk stratification in patients with HF.

7.
J Am Heart Assoc ; : e015609, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624513

RESUMO

Background Vascular alterations induced by antineoplastic treatment might be considered as a possible underlying mechanism of increased cardiovascular sequelae in childhood cancer survivors (CCSs). We aimed to evaluate arterial stiffness among long-term CCSs and to compare the data against a population-based sample. Methods and Results Arterial stiffness was assessed by digital photoplethysmography (stiffness index; m/s) among 1002 participants of the CVSS (Cardiac and Vascular Late Sequelae in Long-Term Survivors of Childhood Cancer) study, diagnosed with neoplasia (1980-1990) before an age of 15 years. A population-based sample from the GHS (Gutenberg Health Study) (n=5252) was investigated for comparison. All subjects underwent a comprehensive, standardized clinical examination in the same study center. CCSs had higher stiffness index (ß=0.66 m/s; 95% CI, 0.51-0.80 m/s) in multivariable linear regression analysis after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors compared with the population sample of comparable age range. Stiffer vessels were found among CCSs also in absence of arterial hypertension (ß=0.66; 95% CI, 0.50-0.81) or history of chemotherapy/radiotherapy (ß=0.56; 95% CI, 0.16-0.96) in fully adjusted models. Moreover, stiffness index differed by tumor entity, with highest values in bone and renal tumors. Almost 5.2-fold higher prevalence of stiffness index values exceeding age-specific, population-based reference limits was observed among CCSs compared with GHS participants. Conclusions This is the first study demonstrating increased arterial stiffness among long-term CCSs. The data suggest that vascular compliance might differ in survivors of childhood cancer from the established development concept for arterial stiffness in the population; cancer growth and antineoplastic treatment might be relevant determinants of the pathobiological features. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02181049.

8.
Acad Emerg Med ; 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: D-dimer is generally considered positive above 0.5 mg/L irrespective of sex. However, women have been shown to be more likely to have a positive D-dimer after controlling for other factors. Thus, differences may exist between males and females for using D-dimer as a marker of venous thromboembolic (VTE) disease. We hypothesized the accuracy of D-dimer tests may be enhanced by using appropriate cut-off values that reflect sex-related differences in D-dimer levels. METHODS: This research is a secondary analysis of a multi-center, international, prospective, observational study of adult (18+ years) patients suspected of VTE, with low-to-intermediate pre-test probability based on Wells criteria ≤ 6 for PE and ≤ 2 for DVT. VTE diagnoses were based on computed tomography, ventilation perfusion scanning or venous ultrasound. D-dimer levels were tested for statistical difference across groups stratified by sex and diagnosis. Multivariable regression was used to investigate sex as a predictor of diagnosis. Sex-specific optimal D-dimer thresholds for PE and DVT were calculated from ROC analyses. A Youden threshold (D-dimer level coinciding with the maximum of sensitivity plus specificity) and a cut-off corresponding to 95%-sensitivity were calculated. Statistical difference for cut-offs was tested via 95% confidence intervals from 2000 bootstrapped samples. RESULTS: We included 3,586 subjects for analysis, of whom 61% were female. Race demographics were 63% white, 27% Black/African American, and 6% Hispanic. In the suspected PE cohort, 6% were diagnosed with PE, while in the suspected DVT cohort, 11% were diagnosed with DVT. D-dimer levels were significantly higher in males than females for the PE positive group and the DVT negative group, but males had significantly lower D-dimer levels than females in the PE negative group. Regression models showed male sex as a significant positive predictor of DVT diagnosis, controlling for D-dimer levels. The Youden threshold for PE patients were 0.97 mg/L (95% CI 0.64-1.79) and 1.45 (95% CI 1.36-1.95) for females and males, respectively; 95%-sensitivity cut-offs for this group were 0.64 (95% CI 0.20-0.89) and 0.55 (95% CI 0.29-1.61). For DVT, the Youden thresholds were 0.98 mg/L (95% CI 0.84-1.56) for females and 1.25 (95% CI 0.65-3.33) for males with 95%-sensitivity cut-offs of 0.33 (95% CI 0.2-0.61) and 0.32 (95% CI 0.18-0.7), respectively. CONCLUSION: Differences in D-dimer levels between males and females are diagnosis specific, however there was no significant difference in optimal cut-off values for excluding PE and DVT between the sexes.

9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2271, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33500534

RESUMO

Depression has been associated with increased inflammation. However, only few large-scale, prospective studies have evaluated whether inflammation leads to new cases of depression and whether this association can be found in men and women. Longitudinal data of N = 10,357 adult participants with no evidence of depression at baseline (based on Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), lifetime diagnoses, and current antidepressant medication) were evaluated for depression 5 years later. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to predict the onset of depression based on C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell count (WBC). We used interaction terms and separate analyses in men and women to investigate gender-dependent associations. Based on both markers, inflammation was predictive of new cases of depression 5 years later, even when adjusting for sociodemographic, physical health, health behavior variables, and baseline depression symptoms. As established by interaction terms and separate analyses, inflammatory markers were predictive of depression in men, but not in women. Additional predictors of new onset of depression were younger age, loneliness, smoking (only in men), cancer and less alcohol consumption (only in women). The study indicates gender differences in the etiology of depressive disorders within the community, with a greater role of physical factors in men.

10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2577, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33510343

RESUMO

To evaluate the cost-saving of a specialized, eHealth-based management service (CS) in comparison to regular medical care (RMC) for the management of patients receiving oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy. Costs of hospitalization were derived via diagnosis-related groups which comprise diagnoses (ICD-10) and operation and procedure classification system (OPS), which resulted in OAC-related (i.e. bleeding/ thromboembolic events) and non-OAC-related costs for both cohorts. Cost for anticoagulation management comprised INR-testing, personnel, and technical support. In total, 705 patients were managed by CS and 1490 patients received RMC. The number of hospital stays was significantly lower in the CS cohort compared to RMC (CS: 23.4/100 py; RMC: 68.7/100 py); with the most pronounced difference in OAC-related admissions (CS: 2.8/100 py; RMC: 13.3/100 py). Total costs for anticoagulation management amounted to 101 EUR/py in RMC and 311 EUR/py in CS, whereas hospitalization costs were 3261 [IQR 2857-3689] EUR/py in RMC and 683 [504-874] EUR/py in CS. This resulted in an overall cost saving 2368 EUR/py favoring the CS. The lower frequency of adverse events in anticoagulated patients managed by the telemedicine-based CS compared to RMC translated into a substantial cost-saving, despite higher costs for the specialized management of patients.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, unique identifier NCT01809015, March 8, 2013.

11.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(4): 355-375, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284063

RESUMO

Psychosomatic medicine in the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) - research questions, measurement instruments, selected results Goal: Main questions from the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) related to psychosomatic medicine are presented: (1) Prevalence and incidence of mental illnesses, (2) Sex-specific risk- and protective factors for mental health, (3) Interplay between psychological and somatic diseases and (4) methodical-psychometric developments. Methods: The GHS is an ongoing, prospective and interdisciplinary cohort study in Mainz. The comprehensive examinations include psychological characteristics and clinical and laboratory tests. 15010 respondents were selected in the baseline study from 2007 until 2012 and re-examined after 2.5 years and 5 years. Results: Of the first 5000 respondents in the baseline study 413 women (8.7 %) and 276 men (5.8 %) indicated depressive symptoms (PHQ-9 > = 10). After five years, half of the participants with depressive symptoms at baseline also indicated depressive symptoms five years later. Risk factors for men were a lack of social support, for women smoking and Type D personality. The proportion of new cases of depression at follow-up was 4.4 %. Risk factors were symptoms of anxiety, Type D, smoking and comorbid cancer. Protective were age and social support. Findings on the association of physical and mental disorders and their behavioral and biological links (atherosclerosis, inflammation) are presented. Conclusions: Prospective assessment of biological, psychological and social parameters offers the possibility to study their interplay in the development of mental and somatic illnesses.

12.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243487, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33315883

RESUMO

Targeted proteomics utilizing antibody-based proximity extension assays provides sensitive and highly specific quantifications of plasma protein levels. Multivariate analysis of this data is hampered by frequent missing values (random or left censored), calling for imputation approaches. While appropriate missing-value imputation methods exist, benchmarks of their performance in targeted proteomics data are lacking. Here, we assessed the performance of two methods for imputation of values missing completely at random, the previously top-benchmarked 'missForest' and the recently published 'GSimp' method. Evaluation was accomplished by comparing imputed with remeasured relative concentrations of 91 inflammation related circulating proteins in 86 samples from a cohort of 645 patients with venous thromboembolism. The median Pearson correlation between imputed and remeasured protein expression values was 69.0% for missForest and 71.6% for GSimp (p = 5.8e-4). Imputation with missForest resulted in stronger reduction of variance compared to GSimp (median relative variance of 25.3% vs. 68.6%, p = 2.4e-16) and undesired larger bias in downstream analyses. Irrespective of the imputation method used, the 91 imputed proteins revealed large variations in imputation accuracy, driven by differences in signal to noise ratio and information overlap between proteins. In summary, GSimp outperformed missForest, while both methods show good overall imputation accuracy with large variations between proteins.


Assuntos
Proteômica/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Viés , Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , Proteínas Sanguíneas/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-6/normas , Limite de Detecção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Proteômica/normas , Controle de Qualidade , Tromboembolia Venosa/metabolismo , Tromboembolia Venosa/patologia
13.
Ophthalmologica ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197918

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence of retinal detachment in the German population and assess potential risk factors. METHODS: The Gutenberg Health Study is a population-based cohort study in Mainz, Germany including subjects (n=15.010) with an age range from 35 to 74 years at baseline. Participants underwent a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination including distant-corrected visual acuity, refraction and slit-lamp examination at baseline. A computer-assisted telephone interview was conducted after 2.5 and 5 years. The 5-year cumulative incidence of retinal detachment was computed for the study sample and stratified on age decades. Risk factors were analyzed using logistic regression including age, sex, spherical equivalent, pseudophakia and prior laser retinal therapy. RESULTS: 13.416 participants (age 52.2 ±10.7 years, 48.8% female) were included in this analysis. 28 subjects had a retinal detachment in one eye, no subject had a retinal detachment in both eyes. The 5-year cumulative incidence of retinal detachment was 0.21% (95%-confidence interval: 0.14 - 0.31%), the incidence rate was 42/100.000 person-years. Risk factors were male sex (OR= 4.16, p=0.004), pseudophakia (OR=3.93, p=0.045) and myopia (OR=1.31 per diopter myopia, p<0.0001), but not prior retinal laser therapy or age. CONCLUSION: The incidence of retinal detachment in Germany at age 35 to 74 years is comparable to estimates from neighboring European countries. Risk factors are male sex, pseudophakia and myopia.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106930

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Following an exploratory approach, we examined cardiovascular disease risk factors at baseline and the 5-year incidence proportion of self-reported doctor-diagnosed cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in teachers and other occupational groups of the Gutenberg Health Study. METHODS: Study participants lived in the region of Mainz, Germany. Data from 6510 working participants without prevalent CVD at baseline (2007-2012) were analyzed. Participants were teachers (n = 215), other professionals from the health, social or educational (HSE) fields (n = 1061) or worked outside the HSE fields (n = 5234). For occupational comparisons, we estimated prevalence ratios (PR) for each CVD risk factor at baseline with robust Poisson regression analyses. We calculated crude CVD incidence rates based on the observed 5-year CVD cumulative incidence at follow-up and estimated age-weighted incidence proportions. All analyses were stratified by sex. RESULTS: Male non-HSE workers showed a higher prevalence of smoking and physical inactivity than male teachers (PR 2.26; 95%-CI: 1.06-4.82/PR 1.89; 95%-CI: 1.24-2.87). In contrast, non-HSE workers and other HSE professionals were less likely to have reported an unhealthy alcohol intake than teachers. Differences were attenuated after SES-adjustment. We did not detect occupational group-specific differences in CVD incidence. However, there were only two cases of CVD among the teachers. CONCLUSION: Particularly male teachers showed a healthier lifestyle regarding physical inactivity and smoking. Nevertheless, occupational-medical care practitioners and researchers need to be aware of the relatively heightened prevalence of unhealthy alcohol intake in female and male teachers, and in absolute terms, the high hypertension prevalence in male teachers.

15.
J Thromb Haemost ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe prekallikrein deficiency (PK deficiency) is an autosomal-recessive condition thought to be very rare. Recently we reported that the previously unnoticed variant c.451dupT, p.Ser151Phefs*34 in KLKB1, which is listed in databases aggregating genome data, causes PK deficiency and is common in Africans according to gnomAD (allele frequency 1.43%). PATIENTS/METHODS: The most common African (c.451dupT) and European (c.1643G>A, p.Cys548Tyr) PK deficiency causing KLKB1 variants were analyzed in two population-based collectives of 300 Nigerian and 300 German subjects. Genome databases were evaluated for variant frequencies and ethnicity of the subjects. The geographic origin of PK-deficient cases due to 451dupT was assessed. RESULTS: Two of five patients with PK deficiency caused by homozygous 451dupT were African, one African American, one from Oman, and one of unknown origin. The frequency of 451dupT was 1.17% in the Nigerian collective (7/600 alleles); none had Cys548Tyr. Subjects with 451dupT were found among different Nigerian ethnicities. Both variants were absent in the European collective. Database research was compatible with these findings, even though mainly data of African Americans (451dupT: 1.12%-1.78%) was accessible. A relevant number of non-American Africans are included only in the 1000Genomes collective: 451dupT frequency was 1.29% in native Africans and 1.56% in African Caribbeans. CONCLUSIONS: This study underlines the higher prevalence of PK deficiency among people with African descent compared to Europeans. In order to avoid delay of necessary surgical procedures in patients of African origin, diagnostic algorithms for isolated, unexplained, activated partial thromboplastin time prolongation in these subjects should include PK deficiency screening.

16.
J Clin Med ; 9(10)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066188

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a life-threatening disease with risk of recurrence. Oral anticoagulation (OAC) with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) is effective to prevent thromboembolic recurrence. We aimed to investigate the quality of OAC of VTE patients in regular medical care (RMC) compared to a telemedicine-based coagulation service (CS). The thrombEVAL study (NCT01809015) is a prospective, multi-center study to investigate OAC treatment (recruitment: January 2011-March 2013). Patients were evaluated using clinical visits, computer-assisted personal interviews, self-reported data and laboratory measurements according to standard operating procedures. Overall, 360 patients with VTE from RMC and 254 from CS were included. Time in therapeutic range (TTR) was higher in CS compared to RMC (76.9% (interquartile range [IQR] 63.2-87.1%) vs. 69.5% (52.3-85.6%), p < 0.001). Crude rate of thromboembolic events (rate ratio [RR] 11.33 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.85-465.26), p = 0.0015), clinically relevant bleeding (RR 6.80 (2.52-25.76), p < 0.001), hospitalizations (RR 2.54 (1.94-3.39), p < 0.001) and mortality under OAC (RR 5.89 (2.40-18.75), p < 0.001) were consistently higher in RMC compared with CS. Patients in RMC had higher risk for primary outcome (clinically relevant bleedings, thromboembolic events and mortality, hazard ratio [HR] 5.39 (95%CI 2.81-10.33), p < 0.0001), mortality (HR 5.54 (2.22-13.84), p = 0.00025), thromboembolic events (HR 6.41 (1.51-27.24), p = 0.012), clinically relevant bleeding (HR 5.31 (1.89-14.89), p = 0.0015) and hospitalization (HR 1.84 (1.34-2.55), p = 0.0002). Benefits of CS care were still observed after adjusting for comorbidities and TTR. In conclusion, anticoagulation quality and outcome of VTE patients undergoing VKA treatment was significantly better in CS than in RMC. Patients treated in CS had lower rates of adverse events, hospitalizations and lower mortality. CS was prognostically relevant, beyond providing advantages of improved international ratio (INR) monitoring.

17.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(3): 243-258, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876552

RESUMO

Objectives: Addressing the lack of population-based data, the purpose of this representative study was to assess sex- and age-specific associations of maternal and paternal rearing behavior with depressiveness and anxiety controlling for sociodemographic and somatic variables. Methods: 8,175 subjects participating in a population-based study completed standardized questionnaires measuring Recalled Parental Rearing Behavior and distress. Results: Women recalled their fathers as more controlling and warmer, and their mothers as more rejecting than men. Comparisons between age groups (≤ 60 vs. > 60 years) revealed that younger participants recalled more parental control and emotional warmth. In addition to sociodemographic and somatic risk factors, paternal rejection and maternal control were associated with depressiveness and anxiety both for women and men (OR 1.58-1.96; OR 1.37-1.66). Maternal warmth was negatively related to distress (OR 0.66-0.69). Conclusions: Findings suggested sex- and age-specific differences in recalled maternal and paternal rearing behavior. The current results highlighted the important role of recalled parental rearing behavior besides sociodemographic factors and somatic diseases for the occurrence of depression and anxiety symptoms across the age groups.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Educação Infantil , Depressão/psicologia , Rememoração Mental , Mães/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Criança , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Características de Residência , Fatores Sexuais
18.
Thromb Haemost ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is a potent anticoagulant protein in the extrinsic coagulation pathway. In the present study, we aim to identify the cardiovascular determinants for total TFPI activity and its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and total mortality. METHODS: Total TFPI activity was assessed in a selection of the population-based Gutenberg Health Study (n = 5,000). Statistical analysis was performed to identify the determinants for total TFPI activity as well as the associations with CVD and mortality. RESULTS: Multivariable linear regression analysis identified smoking (ß 0.095 [0.054-0.136]) as a positive determinant for total TFPI activity, while diabetes (ß -0.072 [-0.134 to -0.009]), obesity (ß -0.063 [-0.101 to -0.024]), and history of coronary artery disease (CAD) were negatively associated with total TFPI activity, independent of age, sex, and the remaining cardiovascular risk factors. After adjustment for lipoprotein levels, the association between total TFPI activity levels and obesity and CAD was lost. The analysis additionally revealed a strong positive association between total TFPI activity levels and low-density lipoprotein (ß 0.221 [0.204-0.237]). The Cox regression models revealed that a higher total TFPI activity, above 97.5th percentile of the reference group, was associated with an increased mortality risk (hazard ratio = 2.58 [95% confidence interval: 1.49-4.47]), independent of age, sex, and cardiovascular risk profile. CONCLUSION: In the Gutenberg Health Study population-based cohort, the highest percentage of total TFPI correlated with an increased mortality risk. While elevated TFPI may reflect endothelial cell activation, the associations between total TFPI activity and obesity and CAD, points to additional mechanistic interactions.

19.
J Optom ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980297

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Low birth weight (BW) individuals have an increased risk for myopic refractive error. However, it is unclear which ocular geometric alterations lead to an increase in myopic refractive error. This study aims to evaluate the impact of ocular biometry in interaction with BW on refractive error. METHODS: Participants of the prospective, observational, population-based Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) with self-reported BW aged 40-80 years and objective refraction and optical biometry were included. Linear regression analyses were conducted to evaluate associations between spherical equivalent with corneal power, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness and axial length and its interaction with BW adjusted for age and sex. Low BW was defined as BW<2500 g and normal BW between 2500-4000 g. RESULTS: Overall, 5123 participants were included. Linear regression showed an interaction of axial length (B = 0.009/100 g, p = 0.002) with BW on spherical equivalent while corneal power, anterior chamber depth and lens thickness revealed no interaction with BW on refractive error. Furthermore, linear regression analysis revealed, that axial length explains 58% of variance of spherical equivalent in low BW subjects, and 54% in normal BW subjects. In contrast, corneal power explained 1% of variance of spherical equivalent in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that axial length variation explains the majority of variance in refractive error, while steeper corneal shape has no conclusive effects on refractive error. Low BW is not linked to effects of steeper corneal shape on myopic refractive error, while the effect of axial length on myopia is fractionally enlarged in those subjects.

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