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1.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 21(1): 201-201, ene.-abr. 2021. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-1886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Long-term childhood cancer survivors (CCS) are at risk for adverse late effects. However, not all of them are well understood. The present study addressed loneliness, a previously under-researched mental health risk in cancer survivor populations. We assessed the prevalence of loneliness and its impact on psychological symptoms over time. METHOD: A registry-based sample of N=633 adult long-term CCS underwent medical and psychological assessments and took part in a follow-up survey 2.5 years later. Psychological symptoms (somatic, anxiety, depression symptoms, and suicidal ideation) were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire. We calculated linear regression models of symptoms at follow-up to investigate the impact of loneliness over time (controlling for symptoms at baseline and relevant confounders). RESULTS: Loneliness was reported by 17.70% of CCS. In multivariate linear regression analyses, loneliness was still predictive of more severe anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation over two years later. Loneliness did not predict somatic and depression symptoms at follow-up (which increased with age). CONCLUSIONS: Loneliness affected a significant number of CCS and was a risk factor for persistent anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation. The extent to which young cancer patients' re-integration into society is successful could thus have important implications for well-being in adulthood


ANTECEDENTE/OBJETIVO: Los sobrevivientes a largo plazo de cáncer infantil (SCI) están en riesgo de sufrir efectos tardíos. Evaluamos la prevalencia de la soledad y su impacto en los síntomas psicológicos a lo largo del tiempo. MÉTODO: Una muestra de N=633 adultos con un pasado de SCI se sometió a evaluaciones médicas y psicológicas y participó en una encuesta de seguimiento 2,5 años después. Los síntomas psicológicos se midieron mediante el Patient Health Questionnaire. Calculamos modelos de regresión lineal de síntomas en el seguimiento para investigar el impacto de la soledad a lo largo del tiempo (controlando los síntomas al inicio y los factores de confusión relevantes). RESULTADOS: La soledad fue reportada por el 17,70% de SCI. La soledad seguía siendo predictiva de síntomas de ansiedad más graves e ideación suicida dos años después. La soledad no predijo los síntomas somáticos y de depresión durante el seguimiento (que aumentaron con la edad). CONCLUSIONES: La soledad fue un factor de riesgo para síntomas de ansiedad persistente e ideación suicida. La medida en que la reintegración de los pacientes jóvenes con cáncer en la sociedad tenga éxito podría tener importantes implicaciones para el bienestar en la edad adulta

2.
J. optom. (Internet) ; 14(1): 50-57, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-1896

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Low birth weight (BW) individuals have an increased risk for myopic refractive error. However, it is unclear which ocular geometric alterations lead to an increase in myopic refractive error. This study aims to evaluate the impact of ocular biometry in interaction with BW on refractive error. METHODS: Participants of the prospective, observational, population-based Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) with self-reported BW aged 40-80 years and objective refraction and optical biometry were included. Linear regression analyses were conducted to evaluate associations between spherical equivalent with corneal power, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness and axial length and its interaction with BW adjusted for age and sex. Low BW was defined as BW < 2500 g and normal BW between 2500-4000 g. RESULTS: Overall, 5123 participants were included. Linear regression showed an interaction of axial length (B = 0.009/100 g, p = 0.002) with BW on spherical equivalent while corneal power, anterior chamber depth and lens thickness revealed no interaction with BW on refractive error. Furthermore, linear regression analysis revealed, that axial length explains 58% of variance of spherical equivalent in low BW subjects, and 54% in normal BW subjects. In contrast, corneal power explained 1% of variance of spherical equivalent in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that axial length variation explains the majority of variance in refractive error, while steeper corneal shape has no conclusive effects on refractive error. Low BW is not linked to effects of steeper corneal shape on myopic refractive error, while the effect of axial length on myopia is fractionally enlarged in those subjects


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3.
J Thromb Haemost ; 19(1): 147-152, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073460

RESUMO

Essentials Prekallikrein (PK) deficiency is a recessive trait with isolated aPTT prolongation. KLKB1 c.451dupT is common in Nigerians (7/600 alleles) and absent in a European group (0/600). To date, all genotyped PK-deficient patients of African ancestry were homozygous for 451dupT. Diagnostics of isolated aPTT prolongation in African descendants should include PK testing. ABSTRACT: Background Severe prekallikrein deficiency (PK deficiency) is an autosomal-recessive condition thought to be very rare. Recently we reported that the previously unnoticed variant c.451dupT, p.Ser151Phefs*34 in KLKB1, which is listed in databases aggregating genome data, causes PK deficiency and is common in Africans according to gnomAD (allele frequency 1.43%). Patients/Methods The most common African (c.451dupT) and European (c.1643G>A, p.Cys548Tyr) PK deficiency causing KLKB1 variants were analyzed in two population-based collectives of 300 Nigerian and 300 German subjects. Genome databases were evaluated for variant frequencies and ethnicity of the subjects. The geographic origin of PK-deficient cases due to 451dupT was assessed. Results Two of five patients with PK deficiency caused by homozygous 451dupT were African, one African American, one from Oman, and one of unknown origin. The frequency of 451dupT was 1.17% in the Nigerian collective (7/600 alleles); none had Cys548Tyr. Subjects with 451dupT were found among different Nigerian ethnicities. Both variants were absent in the European collective. Database research was compatible with these findings, even though mainly data of African Americans (451dupT: 1.12%-1.78%) was accessible. A relevant number of non-American Africans are included only in the 1000Genomes collective: 451dupT frequency was 1.29% in native Africans and 1.56% in African Caribbeans. Conclusions This study underlines the higher prevalence of PK deficiency among people with African descent compared to Europeans. In order to avoid delay of necessary surgical procedures in patients of African origin, diagnostic algorithms for isolated, unexplained, activated partial thromboplastin time prolongation in these subjects should include PK deficiency screening.

4.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(1): 29-39, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Environmental noise exposure has been associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Recently, noise annoyance was shown to induce atrial fibrillation, which was accompanied by significantly increased levels of midregional pro atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to analyze the association between noise annoyance, MR-proANP, incident cardiovascular events, and all-cause mortality. METHODS: Levels of MR-proANP were measured in the first 5000 participants of the population-based Gutenberg Health Study. Annoyance was assessed separately for aircraft, road traffic, railway, neighborhood, and industrial/construction noise during the day and sleep. RESULTS: In cross-sectional analyses, aircraft noise annoyance during day and sleep, industrial/construction noise annoyance during day, and railway noise annoyance during sleep were independently associated with increased levels of MR-proANP after multivariable adjustment. After a 5-year follow-up period, there were 43 cases of incident atrial fibrillation and 103 of incident cardiovascular disease (comprising atrial fibrillation, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, heart failure, or stroke). Moreover, there were 301 deaths after a mean follow-up of 7.42 ± 1.66 years. An odds ratio (OR) of 2.82 ([95% confidence interval (CI) 1.86; 4.35], p < 0.0001) for incident atrial fibrillation and an OR of 1.49 ([95% CI 1.13; 1.96], p = 0.0046) for incident cardiovascular disease per 1-standard deviation (SD) increase in MR-proANP levels were found. A 36% (hazard ratio: 1.36 [95% CI 1.19; 1.55], p < 0.0001) higher risk of death was found per 1-SD increase in MR-proANP levels. CONCLUSIONS: Noise annoyance may contribute to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and is characterized by increased levels of MR-proANP.

5.
J Optom ; 14(1): 50-57, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980297

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Low birth weight (BW) individuals have an increased risk for myopic refractive error. However, it is unclear which ocular geometric alterations lead to an increase in myopic refractive error. This study aims to evaluate the impact of ocular biometry in interaction with BW on refractive error. METHODS: Participants of the prospective, observational, population-based Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) with self-reported BW aged 40-80 years and objective refraction and optical biometry were included. Linear regression analyses were conducted to evaluate associations between spherical equivalent with corneal power, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness and axial length and its interaction with BW adjusted for age and sex. Low BW was defined as BW<2500 g and normal BW between 2500-4000 g. RESULTS: Overall, 5123 participants were included. Linear regression showed an interaction of axial length (B = 0.009/100 g, p = 0.002) with BW on spherical equivalent while corneal power, anterior chamber depth and lens thickness revealed no interaction with BW on refractive error. Furthermore, linear regression analysis revealed, that axial length explains 58% of variance of spherical equivalent in low BW subjects, and 54% in normal BW subjects. In contrast, corneal power explained 1% of variance of spherical equivalent in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that axial length variation explains the majority of variance in refractive error, while steeper corneal shape has no conclusive effects on refractive error. Low BW is not linked to effects of steeper corneal shape on myopic refractive error, while the effect of axial length on myopia is fractionally enlarged in those subjects.

6.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243487, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33315883

RESUMO

Targeted proteomics utilizing antibody-based proximity extension assays provides sensitive and highly specific quantifications of plasma protein levels. Multivariate analysis of this data is hampered by frequent missing values (random or left censored), calling for imputation approaches. While appropriate missing-value imputation methods exist, benchmarks of their performance in targeted proteomics data are lacking. Here, we assessed the performance of two methods for imputation of values missing completely at random, the previously top-benchmarked 'missForest' and the recently published 'GSimp' method. Evaluation was accomplished by comparing imputed with remeasured relative concentrations of 91 inflammation related circulating proteins in 86 samples from a cohort of 645 patients with venous thromboembolism. The median Pearson correlation between imputed and remeasured protein expression values was 69.0% for missForest and 71.6% for GSimp (p = 5.8e-4). Imputation with missForest resulted in stronger reduction of variance compared to GSimp (median relative variance of 25.3% vs. 68.6%, p = 2.4e-16) and undesired larger bias in downstream analyses. Irrespective of the imputation method used, the 91 imputed proteins revealed large variations in imputation accuracy, driven by differences in signal to noise ratio and information overlap between proteins. In summary, GSimp outperformed missForest, while both methods show good overall imputation accuracy with large variations between proteins.

7.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(4): 355-375, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284063

RESUMO

Psychosomatic medicine in the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) - research questions, measurement instruments, selected results Goal: Main questions from the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) related to psychosomatic medicine are presented: (1) Prevalence and incidence of mental illnesses, (2) Sex-specific risk- and protective factors for mental health, (3) Interplay between psychological and somatic diseases and (4) methodical-psychometric developments. Methods: The GHS is an ongoing, prospective and interdisciplinary cohort study in Mainz. The comprehensive examinations include psychological characteristics and clinical and laboratory tests. 15010 respondents were selected in the baseline study from 2007 until 2012 and re-examined after 2.5 years and 5 years. Results: Of the first 5000 respondents in the baseline study 413 women (8.7 %) and 276 men (5.8 %) indicated depressive symptoms (PHQ-9 > = 10). After five years, half of the participants with depressive symptoms at baseline also indicated depressive symptoms five years later. Risk factors for men were a lack of social support, for women smoking and Type D personality. The proportion of new cases of depression at follow-up was 4.4 %. Risk factors were symptoms of anxiety, Type D, smoking and comorbid cancer. Protective were age and social support. Findings on the association of physical and mental disorders and their behavioral and biological links (atherosclerosis, inflammation) are presented. Conclusions: Prospective assessment of biological, psychological and social parameters offers the possibility to study their interplay in the development of mental and somatic illnesses.


Assuntos
Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Medicina Psicossomática , Ansiedade , Feminino , Alemanha , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Personalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fumar , Apoio Social
8.
Ophthalmologica ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197918

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence of retinal detachment in the German population and assess potential risk factors. METHODS: The Gutenberg Health Study is a population-based cohort study in Mainz, Germany including subjects (n=15.010) with an age range from 35 to 74 years at baseline. Participants underwent a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination including distant-corrected visual acuity, refraction and slit-lamp examination at baseline. A computer-assisted telephone interview was conducted after 2.5 and 5 years. The 5-year cumulative incidence of retinal detachment was computed for the study sample and stratified on age decades. Risk factors were analyzed using logistic regression including age, sex, spherical equivalent, pseudophakia and prior laser retinal therapy. RESULTS: 13.416 participants (age 52.2 ±10.7 years, 48.8% female) were included in this analysis. 28 subjects had a retinal detachment in one eye, no subject had a retinal detachment in both eyes. The 5-year cumulative incidence of retinal detachment was 0.21% (95%-confidence interval: 0.14 - 0.31%), the incidence rate was 42/100.000 person-years. Risk factors were male sex (OR= 4.16, p=0.004), pseudophakia (OR=3.93, p=0.045) and myopia (OR=1.31 per diopter myopia, p<0.0001), but not prior retinal laser therapy or age. CONCLUSION: The incidence of retinal detachment in Germany at age 35 to 74 years is comparable to estimates from neighboring European countries. Risk factors are male sex, pseudophakia and myopia.

9.
Haematologica ; 105(9): 2327-2334, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054057

RESUMO

Thrombin generation may be a potential tool to improve risk stratification for cardiovascular diseases. This study aims to explore the relation between thrombin generation and cardiovascular risk factors, cardiovascular diseases, and total mortality. For this study, N=5000 subjects from the population-based Gutenberg Health Study were analysed in a highly standardized setting. Thrombin generation was assessed by the Calibrated Automated Thrombogram method at 1 and 5 pM tissue factors trigger in platelet poor plasma. Lag time, endogenous thrombin potential, and peak height were derived from the thrombin generation curve. Sex-specific multivariable linear regression analysis adjusted for age, cardiovascular risk factors, cardiovascular diseases and therapy, was used to assess clinical determinants of thrombin generation. Cox regression models adjusted for age, sex, cardiovascular risk factors and vitamin K antagonists investigated the association between thrombin generation parameters and total mortality. Lag time was positively associated with obesity and dyslipidaemia for both sexes (p<0.0001). Obesity was also positively associated with endogenous thrombin potential in both sexes (p<0.0001) and peak height in males (1 pM tissue factor, p=0.0048) and females (p<0.0001). Cox regression models showed an increased mortality in individuals with lag time (1 pM tissue factor, hazard ratio=1.46, [95% CI: 1.07; 2.00], p=0.018) and endogenous thrombin potential (5 pM tissue factor, hazard ratio = 1.50, [1.06; 2.13], p=0.023) above the 95th percentile of the reference group, independent of the cardiovascular risk profile. This large-scale study demonstrates traditional cardiovascular risk factors, particularly obesity, as relevant determinants of thrombin generation. Lag time and endogenous thrombin potential were found as potentially relevant predictors of increased total mortality, which deserves further investigation.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106930

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Following an exploratory approach, we examined cardiovascular disease risk factors at baseline and the 5-year incidence proportion of self-reported doctor-diagnosed cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in teachers and other occupational groups of the Gutenberg Health Study. METHODS: Study participants lived in the region of Mainz, Germany. Data from 6510 working participants without prevalent CVD at baseline (2007-2012) were analyzed. Participants were teachers (n = 215), other professionals from the health, social or educational (HSE) fields (n = 1061) or worked outside the HSE fields (n = 5234). For occupational comparisons, we estimated prevalence ratios (PR) for each CVD risk factor at baseline with robust Poisson regression analyses. We calculated crude CVD incidence rates based on the observed 5-year CVD cumulative incidence at follow-up and estimated age-weighted incidence proportions. All analyses were stratified by sex. RESULTS: Male non-HSE workers showed a higher prevalence of smoking and physical inactivity than male teachers (PR 2.26; 95%-CI: 1.06-4.82/PR 1.89; 95%-CI: 1.24-2.87). In contrast, non-HSE workers and other HSE professionals were less likely to have reported an unhealthy alcohol intake than teachers. Differences were attenuated after SES-adjustment. We did not detect occupational group-specific differences in CVD incidence. However, there were only two cases of CVD among the teachers. CONCLUSION: Particularly male teachers showed a healthier lifestyle regarding physical inactivity and smoking. Nevertheless, occupational-medical care practitioners and researchers need to be aware of the relatively heightened prevalence of unhealthy alcohol intake in female and male teachers, and in absolute terms, the high hypertension prevalence in male teachers.

11.
J Clin Med ; 9(10)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066188

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a life-threatening disease with risk of recurrence. Oral anticoagulation (OAC) with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) is effective to prevent thromboembolic recurrence. We aimed to investigate the quality of OAC of VTE patients in regular medical care (RMC) compared to a telemedicine-based coagulation service (CS). The thrombEVAL study (NCT01809015) is a prospective, multi-center study to investigate OAC treatment (recruitment: January 2011-March 2013). Patients were evaluated using clinical visits, computer-assisted personal interviews, self-reported data and laboratory measurements according to standard operating procedures. Overall, 360 patients with VTE from RMC and 254 from CS were included. Time in therapeutic range (TTR) was higher in CS compared to RMC (76.9% (interquartile range [IQR] 63.2-87.1%) vs. 69.5% (52.3-85.6%), p < 0.001). Crude rate of thromboembolic events (rate ratio [RR] 11.33 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.85-465.26), p = 0.0015), clinically relevant bleeding (RR 6.80 (2.52-25.76), p < 0.001), hospitalizations (RR 2.54 (1.94-3.39), p < 0.001) and mortality under OAC (RR 5.89 (2.40-18.75), p < 0.001) were consistently higher in RMC compared with CS. Patients in RMC had higher risk for primary outcome (clinically relevant bleedings, thromboembolic events and mortality, hazard ratio [HR] 5.39 (95%CI 2.81-10.33), p < 0.0001), mortality (HR 5.54 (2.22-13.84), p = 0.00025), thromboembolic events (HR 6.41 (1.51-27.24), p = 0.012), clinically relevant bleeding (HR 5.31 (1.89-14.89), p = 0.0015) and hospitalization (HR 1.84 (1.34-2.55), p = 0.0002). Benefits of CS care were still observed after adjusting for comorbidities and TTR. In conclusion, anticoagulation quality and outcome of VTE patients undergoing VKA treatment was significantly better in CS than in RMC. Patients treated in CS had lower rates of adverse events, hospitalizations and lower mortality. CS was prognostically relevant, beyond providing advantages of improved international ratio (INR) monitoring.

12.
J Clin Med ; 9(9)2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32906769

RESUMO

Background. Anticoagulant therapy, the cornerstone treatment in acute venous thromboembolism (VTE), strongly impacts thrombin generation (TG). Until now, the appearance of the TG curve in platelet rich plasma (PRP) from patients with acute VTE has not been investigated. Methods. We analyzed the shape of TG curves measured in PARP of 180 acute VTE patients. Results. Normal shape of TG curves was observed in 110 patients, 50 patients showed no TG and 20 patients showed biphasic TG curve. The linear regression analysis, adjusted for age, sex, VTE clinical phenotypes and therapy showed that the appearance of biphasic curves is significantly associated with female sex, presence of cancer and therapy with Factor Xa inhibitors. Conclusions. This study demonstrated that despite taking anticoagulants, TG in presence of platelets is still present in the majority of acute VTE patients. Appearance of unusual TG curves is strongly related to the intake of anti-Factor Xa inhibitors. The clinical relevance of biphasic TG curve appearance requires further investigation.

13.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 9(9): 35, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32884859

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the retinal nerve fiber layer profile measured by optical coherence tomography and its relation to refractive error and axial length. Methods: The Gutenberg Health Study is a population-based study in Mainz, Germany. At the five-year follow-up examination, participants underwent optical coherence tomography, objective refraction and biometry. Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) was segmented using proprietary software. The pRNFL profiles were compared between different refraction groups and the angle between the maxima, i.e., the peaks of pRNFL thickness in the upper and lower hemisphere (angle between the maxima of pRNFL thickness [AMR]) was computed. Multivariable linear regression analysis was carried out to determine associations of pRNFL profile (AMR) including age, sex, optic disc size, and axial length in model 1 and spherical equivalent in model 2. Results: A total of 5387 participants were included. AMR was 145.3° ± 23.4° in right eyes and 151.8° ± 26.7° in left eyes and the pRNFL profile was significant different in the upper hemisphere. The AMR decreased with increasing axial length by -5.86°/mm (95% confidence interval [CI]: [-6.44; -5.29], P < 0.001), female sex (-7.61°; 95% CI: [-8.71; -6.51], P < 0.001) and increased with higher age (0.08°/year; 95% CI: [0.03; 0.14], P = 0.002) and larger optic disc size (2.29°/mm2; 95% CI: [1.18; 3.41], P < 0.001). In phakic eyes, AMR increased with hyperopic refractive error by 2.60°/diopters (dpt) (95% CI: [2.33; 2.88], P < 0.001). Conclusions: The pRNFL profiles are related to individual ocular and systemic parameters. Translational Relevance: Biometric parameters should be considered when pRNFL profiles are interpreted in diagnostics, i.e., in glaucoma.

14.
EBioMedicine ; 60: 102978, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of arterial and venous thrombosis is in large part interlaced. How much platelet phenotype relates to acute venous thromboembolism (VTE) independent of the underlying cardiovascular profile is presently poorly investigated. METHODS: Platelet count and mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet aggregation in whole blood and platelet rich plasma (PRP), platelet-dependent thrombin generation (TG) and platelet surface activation markers were measured under standardized conditions. Machine learning was applied to identify the most relevant characteristics associated with VTE from a large array (N = 58) of clinical and platelet-related variables. FINDINGS: VTE cases (N = 159) presented with lower platelet count and MPV vs controls (N = 140). Whole blood aggregation showed shorter collagen/Epinephrine closure times in cases, particularly within acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) users. Within ASA users, higher PRP aggregation after adenosine diphosphate (ADP), epinephrine, collagen and arachidonic acid was observed in cases vs controls. Within non-ASA and/or subjects on anticoagulants, cases presented with lower aggregation after ADP and collagen vs controls. Lower platelet-dependent TG, higher CD63 on resting and lower PAC-1 expression after collagen/ADP in-vitro stimulated platelets further characterized VTE cases vs controls, independent of therapy. Lasso regression analysis identified 26 variables associated with VTE of which 69% were platelet-related. INTERPRETATION: Comprehensive phenotyping of platelet function identified a large proportion of low responders to ASA in VTE cases. Lower platelet-dependent TG and lower platelet reactivity after ex-vivo stimulation characterized the "platelet exhausted syndrome" in cases. Finally, from a large array of covariates including clinical risk factors, platelet biomarkers comprised 69% of all selected variables differentiating VTE cases vs controls. FUNDING: German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, CTH-Mainz and Bayer AG.

15.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol ; : 1-9, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990141

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study investigates the relationship between diabetic retinopathy (DR) and birth weight (BW) in diabetic subjects sampled from the general population. METHODS: The Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) is a population-based, observational cohort study in participants aged from 35 to 74 years. Criteria for diabetes diagnosis were HbA1c ≥6.5% at study entry, a doctor-diagnosis of diabetes, or diabetes medication. The presence of DR was determined by evaluating fundus photographs. BW was assessed by self-reports. GHS participants were divided into three different BW groups (low: <2500 g; normal: 2500-4000 g; high:>4000 g). Logistic regression analysis was conducted as uni- and multivariable analysis with adjustment for age and sex. Effect mediators were separately investigated. RESULTS: A total of 1,124 GHS participants (7.5% of the cohort) had diabetes at study entry. Of these, 402 subjects (35.8%) had gradable fundus photographs, reported BW data and were included into this study. Overall, 91/402 subjects (23%) had DR. With regard to BW groups, DR was descriptively more frequent in subjects with low (28.1% [95%-CI: 14.4-47.0%; n = 32]) and high BW (30.8% [95%-CI: 19.1-45.3%; n = 52]) compared to normal BW (20.8% [95%-CI: 16.5-25.7%; n = 318]). Both high and low BW were associated with DR in multivariable analysis (high: OR = 1.68, p = .037; low: OR = 1.81, p = .05). The BW effect was mediated by duration of diabetes in both BW groups and by arterial hypertension in the low BW group. CONCLUSION: Low and high BW in persons with diabetes is related to higher risk of diabetic retinopathy. Longer duration of diabetes and higher prevalence of arterial hypertension are factors in these subjects explaining the elevated risk.

16.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(3): 243-258, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876552

RESUMO

Objectives: Addressing the lack of population-based data, the purpose of this representative study was to assess sex- and age-specific associations of maternal and paternal rearing behavior with depressiveness and anxiety controlling for sociodemographic and somatic variables. Methods: 8,175 subjects participating in a population-based study completed standardized questionnaires measuring Recalled Parental Rearing Behavior and distress. Results: Women recalled their fathers as more controlling and warmer, and their mothers as more rejecting than men. Comparisons between age groups (≤ 60 vs. > 60 years) revealed that younger participants recalled more parental control and emotional warmth. In addition to sociodemographic and somatic risk factors, paternal rejection and maternal control were associated with depressiveness and anxiety both for women and men (OR 1.58-1.96; OR 1.37-1.66). Maternal warmth was negatively related to distress (OR 0.66-0.69). Conclusions: Findings suggested sex- and age-specific differences in recalled maternal and paternal rearing behavior. The current results highlighted the important role of recalled parental rearing behavior besides sociodemographic factors and somatic diseases for the occurrence of depression and anxiety symptoms across the age groups.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Educação Infantil , Depressão/psicologia , Rememoração Mental , Mães/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Criança , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Características de Residência , Fatores Sexuais
18.
Thromb Haemost ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is a potent anticoagulant protein in the extrinsic coagulation pathway. In the present study, we aim to identify the cardiovascular determinants for total TFPI activity and its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and total mortality. METHODS: Total TFPI activity was assessed in a selection of the population-based Gutenberg Health Study (n = 5,000). Statistical analysis was performed to identify the determinants for total TFPI activity as well as the associations with CVD and mortality. RESULTS: Multivariable linear regression analysis identified smoking (ß 0.095 [0.054-0.136]) as a positive determinant for total TFPI activity, while diabetes (ß -0.072 [-0.134 to -0.009]), obesity (ß -0.063 [-0.101 to -0.024]), and history of coronary artery disease (CAD) were negatively associated with total TFPI activity, independent of age, sex, and the remaining cardiovascular risk factors. After adjustment for lipoprotein levels, the association between total TFPI activity levels and obesity and CAD was lost. The analysis additionally revealed a strong positive association between total TFPI activity levels and low-density lipoprotein (ß 0.221 [0.204-0.237]). The Cox regression models revealed that a higher total TFPI activity, above 97.5th percentile of the reference group, was associated with an increased mortality risk (hazard ratio = 2.58 [95% confidence interval: 1.49-4.47]), independent of age, sex, and cardiovascular risk profile. CONCLUSION: In the Gutenberg Health Study population-based cohort, the highest percentage of total TFPI correlated with an increased mortality risk. While elevated TFPI may reflect endothelial cell activation, the associations between total TFPI activity and obesity and CAD, points to additional mechanistic interactions.

19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 12969, 2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737388

RESUMO

Low birth weight (LBW; < 2,500 g) has been identified as a risk factor for adverse mental health outcomes over the life span. However, little is known about the association of LBW and suicidal ideation in middle and late adulthood. We investigated N = 8,278 participants of a representative community cohort: 3,849 men (46.5%) and 4,429 women (53.5%) (35-74 years of age). We assessed standardized measures of mental distress, sociodemographics, health behavior, and somatic factors (based on an extensive medical assessment). Controlling for these confounders, we examined the relationship of birth weight and suicidal ideation in logistic regression models. As men and women differ with regard to their susceptibility to suicidal ideation and behavior, we tested sex-dependent effects. LBW was reported by 458 participants (5.5%). In men, LBW was associated with a higher likelihood of reporting suicidal ideation (OR 2.92, 95% CI 1.58-5.12). In women, there was no such relationship. The findings underscore the interrelatedness of the physical and psychological domain, the role of early adversity in suicidal ideation, and they identify a vulnerable group whose numbers are expected to grow. They also indicate other risk factors for suicidal ideation in the community (mental distress, lack of social support, and health risk behavior).


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental , Caracteres Sexuais , Ideação Suicida , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Ophthalmol ; 2020: 8386160, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32802490

RESUMO

Purpose: Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is the second most common retinal vascular disease and a major cause of visual impairment. In this study, we aimed to observe whether RVO cases have different antibody profiles as a new potential risk factor and whether a conversion of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) to neovascular glaucoma (NVG), one of the major complications, is occurring within a 5-year timeframe. Methods: We performed a nested case-control study (1 : 4) within the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS), a population-based, prospective cohort study in the Rhine-Main Region of Germany including 15,010 participants. RVO subjects (n = 59) were identified by grading of fundus photographs. Optic nerves of RVO subjects and age- and sex-matched controls (n = 229) at baseline and their follow-up examination after 5 years were analyzed for glaucomatous alterations. Of all RVO subjects and controls, serum autoantibody profiles were measured using in-house manufactured antigen-antibody microarrays. Results: Of the 59 RVO patients, 3 patients (5%) showed glaucomatous optic disc alterations at baseline, whereas no new glaucoma case was detected at 5-year follow-up. Four of the autoantibodies measured (against dermcidin, neurotrophin-3, superoxide dismutase 1, and signal recognition particle 14 kDa protein) were significantly increased in the serum of RVO patients (p < 0.001). Multivariable conditional logistic regression analysis showed that 3 of these 4 antibodies were independent of cardiovascular risk factors. Conclusions: We found several autoantibodies associated with RVO, targeting proteins and structures possibly involved in RVO pathogenesis.

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