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1.
Radiother Oncol ; 171: 84-90, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35447286

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Precise segmentation of clinical target volumes (CTV) in breast cancer is indispensable for state-of-the art radiotherapy. Despite international guidelines, significant intra- and interobserver variability exists, negatively impacting treatment outcomes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance and efficiency of segmentation of CTVs in planning CT images of breast cancer patients using a 3D convolutional neural network (CNN) compared to the manual process. MATERIALS/METHODS: An expert radiation oncologist (RO) segmented all CTVs separately according to international guidelines in 150 breast cancer patients. This data was used to create, train and validate a 3D CNN. The network's performance was additionally evaluated in a test set of 20 patients. Primary endpoints are quantitative and qualitative analysis of the segmentation data generated by the CNN for each level specifically as well as for the total PTV to be irradiated. The secondary endpoint is the evaluation of time efficiency. RESULTS: In the test set, segmentation performance was best for the contralateral breast and the breast CTV and worst for Rotter's space and the internal mammary nodal (IMN) level. Analysis of impact on PTV resulted in non-significant over-segmentation of the primary PTV and significant under-segmentation of the nodal PTV, resulting in slight variations of overlap with OARs. Guideline consistency improved from 77.14% to 90.71% in favor of CNN segmentation while saving on average 24 minutes per patient with a median time of 35 minutes for pure manual segmentation. CONCLUSION: 3D CNN based delineation for breast cancer radiotherapy is feasible and performant, as scored by quantitative and qualitative metrics.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Órgãos em Risco , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos
2.
BMC Prim Care ; 23(1): 11, 2022 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35172744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GPs) play a crucial role in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic as the first point of contact for possibly infected patients and are responsible for short and long-term follow-up care of the majority of COVID-19 patients. Nonetheless, they experience many barriers to fulfilling this role. The PRICOV-19 study investigates how GP practices in 38 countries are organized during the COVID-19 pandemic to guarantee safe, effective, patient-centered, and equitable care. Also, the shift in roles and tasks and the wellbeing of staff members is researched. Finally, PRICOV-19 aims to study the association with practice- and health care system characteristics. It is expected that both characteristics of the GP practice and health care system features are associated with how GP practices can cope with these challenges. This paper describes the protocol of the study. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, data are collected through an online questionnaire sent to GP practices in 37 European countries and Israel. The questionnaire is developed in multiple phases, including a pilot study in Belgium. The final version includes 53 items divided into six sections: patient flow (including appointments, triage, and management for routine care); infection prevention; information processing; communication; collaboration and self-care; and practice and participant characteristics. In the countries where data collection is already finished, between 13 and 636 GP practices per country participated in the study. Questionnaire data are linked with OECD and HSMR data regarding national policy responses to the pandemic and analyzed using multilevel models considering the system- and practice-level. DISCUSSION: To the best of our knowledge, the PRICOV-19 study is the largest and most comprehensive study that examines how GP practices function during the COVID-19 pandemic. Its results can significantly contribute to better preparedness of primary health care systems across Europe for future major outbreaks of infectious diseases.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Projetos Piloto , Atenção Primária à Saúde , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Trauma Case Rep ; 37: 100575, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34917741

RESUMO

We present the rare case of an open femoral condyle fracture (Gustilla IIIA) combined with a vertical patella fracture due to sharp injury after a traffic collision in a 17-year-old female. During subsequent operation, a locking compression plate was used for definitive fixation of the distal femur and the patella was reduced and fixated with two screws. Four months after surgery, the patient had practically full range of motion again and no secondary complications occurred. On control X-ray, there was consolidation of the fracture.

4.
Radiat Oncol ; 16(1): 120, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34183040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In radiotherapy inaccuracy in organ at risk (OAR) delineation can impact treatment plan optimisation and treatment plan evaluation. Brouwer et al. showed significant interobserver variability (IOV) in OAR delineation in head and neck cancer (HNC) and published international consensus guidelines (ICG) for OAR delineation in 2015. The aim of our study was to evaluate IOV in the presence of these guidelines. METHODS: HNC radiation oncologists (RO) from each Belgian radiotherapy centre were invited to complete a survey and submit contours for 5 HNC cases. Reference contours (OARref) were obtained by a clinically validated artificial intelligence-tool trained using ICG. Dice similarity coefficients (DSC), mean surface distance (MSD) and 95% Hausdorff distances (HD95) were used for comparison. RESULTS: Fourteen of twenty-two RO (64%) completed the survey and submitted delineations. Thirteen (93%) confirmed the use of delineation guidelines, of which six (43%) used the ICG. The OARs whose delineations agreed best with the OARref were mandible [median DSC 0.9, range (0.8-0.9); median MSD 1.1 mm, range (0.8-8.3), median HD95 3.4 mm, range (1.5-38.7)], brainstem [median DSC 0.9 (0.6-0.9); median MSD 1.5 mm (1.1-4.0), median HD95 4.0 mm (2.3-15.0)], submandibular glands [median DSC 0.8 (0.5-0.9); median MSD 1.2 mm (0.9-2.5), median HD95 3.1 mm (1.8-12.2)] and parotids [median DSC 0.9 (0.6-0.9); median MSD 1.9 mm (1.2-4.2), median HD95 5.1 mm (3.1-19.2)]. Oral cavity, cochleas, PCMs, supraglottic larynx and glottic area showed more variation. RO who used the consensus guidelines showed significantly less IOV (p = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Although ICG for delineation of OARs in HNC exist, they are only implemented by about half of RO participating in this study, which partly explains the delineation variability. However, this study highlights that guidelines alone do not suffice to eliminate IOV and that more effort needs to be done to accomplish further treatment standardisation, for example with artificial intelligence.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Órgãos em Risco/efeitos da radiação , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Humanos , Prognóstico , Dosagem Radioterapêutica
5.
Mol Diagn Ther ; 25(2): 123-136, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33686517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding molecular pathogenesis of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) has considerably improved in the last decades. As a result, novel therapeutic strategies have evolved, amongst which are epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted therapies. With the exception of cetuximab, targeted therapies for HNSCC have not yet been introduced into clinical practice. One important aspect of new treatment regimes in clinical practice is presence of robust biomarkers predictive for therapy response. METHODS: We performed a systematic search in PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane library. Articles were included if they investigated a biomarker for targeted therapy in the EGFR-PI3K-AKT-mTOR-pathway. RESULTS: Of 83 included articles, 52 were preclinical and 33 were clinical studies (two studies contained both a preclinical and a clinical part). We classified EGFR pathway inhibitor types and investigated the type of biomarker (biomarker on epigenetic, DNA, mRNA or protein level). CONCLUSION: Several EGFR-PI3K-AKT-mTOR-pathway inhibitor biomarkers have been researched for HNSCC but few of the investigated biomarkers have been adequately confirmed in clinical trials. A more systematic approach is needed to discover proper biomarkers as stratifying patients is essential to prevent unnecessary costs and side effects.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Cetuximab/uso terapêutico , Receptores ErbB/genética , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
6.
Anaesthesist ; 70(1): 42-70, 2021 01.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present guidelines ( http://leitlinien.net ) focus exclusively on cardiogenic shock due to myocardial infarction (infarction-related cardiogenic shock, ICS). The cardiological/cardiac surgical and the intensive care medicine strategies dealt with in these guidelines are essential to the successful treatment and survival of patients with ICS; however, both European and American guidelines on myocardial infarction and heart failure and also position papers on cardiogenic shock focused mainly on cardiological aspects. METHODS: Evidence on the diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of ICS was collected and recommendations compiled in a nominal group process by delegates of the German Cardiac Society (DGK), the German Society for Medical Intensive Care Medicine and Emergency Medicine (DGIIN), the German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (DGTHG), the German Society for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI), the Austrian Society for Internal and General Intensive Care Medicine (ÖGIAIM), the Austrian Cardiology Society (ÖKG), the German Society for Prevention and Rehabilitation of Cardiovascular Diseases (DGPR) and the German Interdisciplinary Association for Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (DIVI), under the auspices of the Working Group of the Association of Medical Scientific Societies in Germany (AWMF). If only poor evidence on ICS was available, general study results on intensive care patients were inspected and presented in order to enable analogue conclusions. RESULTS: A total of 95 recommendations, including 2 statements were compiled and based on these 7 algorithms with defined instructions on the course of treatment.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Áustria , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia
7.
Qual Life Res ; 30(2): 425-436, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025372

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cancer patients often report low self-esteem and high emotional distress. Two factors seem particularly linked to these symptoms: emotion regulation strategies and mindfulness. The interest of hypnosis and self-care to relieve these symptoms is not well documented. Our randomized controlled trial aimed at assessing the effect of a group intervention combining self-hypnosis and self-care on self-esteem, emotional distress, emotion regulation, and mindfulness abilities of post-treatment cancer patients, as well as investigating the links between these variables. METHODS: One hundred and four patients who had suffered from cancer were randomized into the intervention group (N = 52) and the wait-list control group (N = 52). They had to answer questionnaires before (T1) and after the intervention (T2). Nine men were excluded from the analyses, leading to a final sample of 95 women with cancer. Group-by-time changes were assessed with MANOVA, and associations with self-esteem and emotional distress were investigated with hierarchical linear regression models. RESULTS: Participants in the intervention group (mean age = 51.65; SD = 12.54) reported better self-esteem, lower emotional distress, a decreased use of maladaptive emotion regulation strategies, and more mindfulness abilities after the intervention, compared to the WLCG. This increase in mindfulness explained 33% of the improvement of self-esteem and 41.6% of the decrease of emotional distress in the intervention group. Self-esteem and emotional distress also predicted each other. CONCLUSION: Our study showed the efficacy of our hypnosis-based intervention to improve all the investigated variables. Mindfulness predicted the improvement of self-esteem and emotional distress. The primary impact of our intervention on mindfulness abilities seems to explain, at least in part, its efficacy. Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03144154). Retrospectively registered on the 1st of May, 2017.


Assuntos
Hipnose/métodos , Intervenção Baseada em Internet/tendências , Atenção Plena/métodos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Autocuidado/métodos , Autoimagem , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Radiother Oncol ; 153: 180-188, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Delineation of the lymph node levels of the neck for irradiation of the elective clinical target volume in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients is time consuming and prone to interobserver variability (IOV), although international consensus guidelines exist. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a 3D convolutional neural network (CNN) for semi-automated delineation of all nodal neck levels, focussing on delineation accuracy, efficiency and consistency compared to manual delineation. MATERIAL/METHODS: The CNN was trained on a clinical dataset of 69 HNC patients. For validation, 17 lymph node levels were manually delineated in 16 new patients by two observers, independently, using international consensus guidelines. Automated delineations were generated by applying the CNN and were subsequently corrected by both observers separately as needed for clinical acceptance. Both delineations were performed two weeks apart and blinded to each other. IOV was quantified using Dice similarity coefficient (DSC), mean surface distance (MSD) and Hausdorff distance (HD). To assess automated delineation accuracy, agreement between automated and corrected delineations were evaluated using the same measures. To assess efficiency, the time taken for manual and corrected delineations were compared. In a second step, only the clinically relevant neck levels were selected and delineated, once again manually and by applying and correcting the network. RESULTS: When all lymph node levels were delineated, time taken for correcting automated delineations compared to manual delineations was significantly shorter for both observers (mean: 35 vs 52 min, p < 10-5). Based on DSC, automated delineation agreed best with corrected delineation for lymph node levels Ib, II-IVa, VIa, VIb, VIIa, VIIb (DSC >85%). Manual corrections necessary for clinical acceptance were 1.4 mm MSD on average and were especially low (<1mm) for levels II-IVa, VIa, VIIa and VIIb. IOV was significantly smaller with automated compared to manual delineations (MSD: 1.4 mm vs 2.5 mm, p < 10-11). When delineating only the clinically relevant neck levels, the correction time was also significantly shorter (mean: 8 vs 15 min, p < 10-5). Based on DSC, automated delineation agreed very well with corrected delineation (DSC > 87%). Manual corrections necessary for clinical acceptance were 1.3 mm MSD on average. IOV was significantly smaller with automated compared to manual delineations (MSD: 0.8 mm vs 2.3 mm, p < 10-3). CONCLUSION: The CNN developed for automated delineation of the elective lymph node levels in the neck in HNC was shown to be more efficient and consistent compared to manual delineation, which justifies its implementation in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Redes Neurais de Computação , Variações Dependentes do Observador
9.
Herz ; 45(6): 603-616, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32632547

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequent persistent cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with an increased mortality. Therefore, an effective differential treatment of patients is mandatory. After a risk stratification oral anticoagulation (OAC) should be initiated depending on the individual stroke risk of each patient. Alternatively, in the presence of contraindications for OAC and an increased risk for bleeding and/or stroke, the implantation of a left atrial appendage closure device can be considered. Symptomatic patients should undergo a rhythm control strategy if possible. Based on the risk-benefit considerations, catheter ablation (CA) of AF plays an increasingly important role in establishing long-term medicinal rhythm control. A pulmonary vein isolation can lead to freedom from AF for 1 year in 70-80% of patients with paroxysmal AF (and approximately 50% in persistent AF). So far, a survival advantage of CA could only be shown in patients with heart failure, so that in most cases this is only a symptomatic treatment for improvement in the quality of life.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares , Apêndice Atrial/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 271, 2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tumor immune microenvironment is a heterogeneous entity. Gene expression analysis allows us to perform comprehensive immunoprofiling and may assist in dissecting the different components of the immune infiltrate. As gene expression analysis also provides information regarding tumor cells, differences in interactions between the immune system and specific tumor characteristics can also be explored. This study aims to gain further insights in the composition of the tumor immune infiltrate and to correlate these components to histology and overall survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Archival tissues from 530 early stage, resected NSCLC patients with annotated tumor and patient characteristics were analyzed using the NanoString nCounter Analysis system. RESULTS: Unsupervised clustering of the samples was mainly driven by the overall level of inflammation, which was not correlated with survival in this patient set. Adenocarcinoma (AD) showed a significantly higher degree of immune infiltration compared to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). A 34-gene signature, which did not correlate with the overall level of immune infiltration, was identified and showed an OS benefit in SCC. Strikingly, this benefit was not observed in AD. This difference in OS in SCC specifically was confirmed in two independent NSCLC cohorts. The highest correlation between expression of the 34-gene signature and specific immune cell populations was observed for NK cells, but although a plausible mechanism for NK cell intervention in tumor growth could be established in SCC over AD, this could not be translated back to immunohistochemistry, which showed that NK cell infiltration is scarce irrespective of histology. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the ability of immune cell infiltration and the interaction between tumor and immune cells may be different between AD and SCC histology and that a subgroup of SCC tumors seems more susceptible to Natural Killer cell recognition and killing, whereas this may not occur in AD tumors. A highly sensitive technique like NanoString was able to detect this subgroup based on a 34-gene signature, but further research will be needed to assist in explaining the biological rationale of such low-level expression signatures.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral
12.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 49(6): 722-725, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864897

RESUMO

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an uncommon immune-mediated condition considered to be a systemic disease, described in multiple organ systems. IgG4-RD that involves the maxillary and sinonasal region is rare. This report presents a very rare presentation of IgG4-RD in the maxillary alveolar process. The patient presented with left-sided facial pain, headache, and mobility and loss of teeth. The first biopsy and resection specimen reports were inconclusive and showed a non-specific chronic inflammatory process. After the third resection, the diagnosis was finally established through findings that satisfied the 2012 consensus criteria for IgG4-RD. Consequently high doses of oral corticosteroids and azathioprine were given, tapered over a total period of 36 months. Weaning is still in progress, but no recurrence was observed after 34 months. A review of the English-language literature was performed, which identified seven cases of IgG4-RD with maxillary and sinonasal involvement. Cases were excluded from the review if there was any doubt that they met the consensus statement on the pathology.


Assuntos
Granuloma de Células Plasmáticas , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4 , Processo Alveolar , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Maxila
13.
Oral Oncol ; 101: 104519, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Low skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and sarcopenic obesity (co-presence of low SMM and obesity) are emerging prognosticators in oncology, but the prevalence and prognostic value in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is not yet known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with OPSCC, curative treatment intention and pre-treatment diagnostic imaging of the head and neck area were included. Patients with unknown HPV-status, palliative treatment intention or unavailable imaging were excluded, Relevant demographic and clinical characteristics were collected between 2009 and 2016. Patients were stratified into a low-, intermediate-, and high-risk group according to HPV-status, amount of pack-years, tumor and nodal stage. SMM was radiologically measured and cutoff values were determined by optimal stratification. The prognostic value of low SMM and sarcopenic obesity for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was determined by Cox regression analysis and Kaplan Meier survival curves. RESULTS: In 216 patients, low SMM and sarcopenic obesity were present in 140 (64.8%) and 13 (6.0%) patients, respectively. On multivariate analysis, stratification into a high-risk group (HPV-negative status with ≥10-pack-years or T4-stage) was a prognostic factor for OS and DFS (HR 2.93, p < 0.01) (HR 4.66, p < 0.01). Of specific interest, sarcopenic obesity was a strong negative prognostic factor for OS and DFS (HR 4.42, p < 0.01 and (HR 3.90, p < 0.05), independent from other well-known prognostic factors such as HPV-status. CONCLUSION: Low skeletal muscle mass is highly prevalent in OPSCC patients. Sarcopenic obesity is a novel pretreatment prognosticator for OS and DFS in OPSCC and should therefore be considered in clinical decision making.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Sarcopenia/patologia , Biomarcadores , Composição Corporal , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/complicações , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcopenia/etiologia
14.
J Crit Care ; 55: 140-144, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715532

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Unclear recommendations in transfusion guidelines may possibly lead to inconsistency in treatment of patients admitted to the intensive care unit. This study aimed to uncover variation in red blood cell (RBC) transfusion decisions in the ICU worldwide. METHODS: Members of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) were requested to complete an online questionnaire which included four different hypothetical clinical scenarios. The scenarios represented patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), abdominal sepsis, traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-surgical complications. Hemoglobin level was 7∙3 g/dL in all scenarios. The questionnaire explored the physicians' transfusion decision in each clinical scenario and identified patient characteristics that were most influential in the transfusion decision. RESULTS: In total 211 members participated in the study, of whom 142 (67%) completed the entire survey. Most variation was observed in the clinical scenario of sepsis, in which 49% decided to transfuse and 51% decided not to. In the clinical scenarios of AMI, TBI and post-surgical complications this was respectively; 75/25%, 35/65% and 66/34%. CONCLUSIONS: Critical care physicians differed in outcome of RBC transfusion decisions and weighed patient characteristics differently. These findings indicate that variation in transfusion practice amongst critical care physicians exists.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue/normas , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Transfusão de Eritrócitos/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Sepse/terapia , Adulto , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Médicos , Padrões de Prática Médica , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Radiother Oncol ; 138: 68-74, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146073

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Precise delineation of organs at risk (OARs) in head and neck cancer (HNC) is necessary for accurate radiotherapy. Although guidelines exist, significant interobserver variability (IOV) remains. The aim was to validate a 3D convolutional neural network (CNN) for semi-automated delineation of OARs with respect to delineation accuracy, efficiency and consistency compared to manual delineation. MATERIAL/METHODS: 16 OARs were manually delineated in 15 new HNC patients by two trained radiation oncologists (RO) independently, using international consensus guidelines. OARs were also automatically delineated by applying the CNN and corrected as needed by both ROs separately. Both delineations were performed two weeks apart and blinded to each other. IOV between both ROs was quantified using Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and average symmetric surface distance (ASSD). To objectify network accuracy, differences between automated and corrected delineations were calculated using the same similarity measures. RESULTS: Average correction time of the automated delineation was 33% shorter than manual delineation (23 vs 34 minutes) (p < 10-6). IOV improved significantly with network initialisation for nearly all OARs (p < 0.05), resulting in decreased ASSD averaged over all OARs from 1.9 to 1.2 mm. The network achieved an accuracy of 90% and 84% DSC averaged over all OARs for RO1 and RO2 respectively, with an ASSD of 0.7 and 1.5 mm, which was in 93% and 73% of the cases lower than the IOV. CONCLUSION: The CNN developed for automated OAR delineation in HNC was shown to be more efficient and consistent compared to manual delineation, which justify its implementation in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Órgãos em Risco , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redes Neurais de Computação , Variações Dependentes do Observador
16.
Lung Cancer ; 121: 76-81, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29858031

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Biological predisposition for specific metastatic organs might differ between molecular subgroups of lung cancer. We aimed to assess the association between molecular status and metastatic organs at diagnosis in a nationwide stage IV non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer ((ns)-NSCLC) cohort. METHODS: All ns-NSCLC from 2013 that were stage IV at diagnosis were identified from the Netherlands Cancer Registry, which records information on metastatic organs at diagnosis. Tumors were matched to the Dutch Pathology Registry (PALGA) from which data on molecular status established in routine practice was extracted. Four molecular subgroups (EGFR+, KRAS+, ALK+, triple-negative) were identified. For each metastatic organ, proportions of tumors metastasized to this organ were, per molecular subgroup, compared to triple-negative tumors by multivariable logistic regression analyses (adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)), taking clinicopathological variables into account. RESULTS: 160 EGFR+ (exon 19 del, exon 21 L858R), 784 KRAS+, 42 ALK+, and 1008 triple-negative tumors were identified. Most frequent metastatic organs were the bone (34%), pleura (24%), lung (23%), and brain (22%). Compared to triple-negatives, EGFR+ tumors had more often metastases to the bone (31.5 vs 53.8%; OR 2.55 (95% CI 1.80-3.62)) and pleura (24.1 vs 37.5%; OR 2.06 (1.42-2.98)), and less often to the brain (22.0 vs 12.5%; OR 0.53 (0.32-0.88)) and adrenal glands (19.1 vs 7.5%; OR 0.46 (0.28-0.75)). Compared to triple-negatives, KRAS+ and ALK+ tumors had at diagnosis metastasized more often to the lung (20.3 vs 26.7%; OR 1.40 (1.12-1.76)) and the liver (13.1 vs 23.8%; OR 2.07 (1.00-4.32)), respectively. CONCLUSION: NSCLC molecular status was associated with metastatic pattern at diagnosis. 54% of stage IV EGFR+ ns-NSCLC patients had bone metastases at diagnosis. These observational results are hypothesis generating, and call for a prospective study where EGFR+ patients are screened for bone metastases, and treated to prevent skeletal related events.


Assuntos
Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Genes erbB-1/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Países Baixos , Patologia Molecular , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
Oral Oncol ; 82: 29-33, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29909898

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In 2010, a new subtype of salivary gland cancer (SGC), (mammary analogue) secretory carcinoma (SC), was defined, characterized by the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion gene. As clinical behavior and outcome data of this histological subtype tumor are still sparse, we aimed to describe the clinicopathological course and outcome of a series of translocation positive SC patients. PATIENT AND METHODS: We re-evaluated the pathological diagnosis of a subset of SGCs, diagnosed in 4 of 8 Dutch head and neck centers. Subsequently, tumors with a morphological resemblance to SC were tested for the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion gene using RT-PCR. Furthermore, patients prospectively diagnosed with SC were included. The clinical characteristics and outcomes were retrieved from the patient files. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients with ETV6-NTRK3 fusion gene positive SC were included. The median age was 49 years, 17 patients (55%) were male. Eighteen tumors (58%) arose in the parotid gland. One patient presented with lymph node metastasis. All patients underwent tumor resection and 4 patients had a neck dissection. Four patients had re-resection and 15 patients (48%) received postoperative radiotherapy. One patient developed a local recurrence, no regional recurrences or distant metastases were observed. After a median follow-up of 49 months the 5- and 10-year overall survival were 95%, the 5- and 10-year disease free survival were 89%. CONCLUSION: The clinical course of SC is favorable with a low rate of locoregional recurrence and excellent survival. Given the low incidence of nodal metastases, elective neck treatment, i.e. surgery and/or radiotherapy, does not seem to be indicated.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/genética , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rev Med Liege ; 73(2): 56-60, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29517866

RESUMO

Bisphosphonates have frequently shown their efficacy in the treatment of osteoporosis, including ibandronate and alendronate. But more and more mention is made in the literature of patients taking a long-term bisphosphonate and undergoing an atypical fracture associated with this therapy. These complications are most often femoral fractures in the proximal part of the femoral diaphysis. We report the case of a 73-year-old patient who had a subtrochanteric pathological fracture after a prolonged intake of alendronate followed by ibandronate.


Les bisphosphonates ont fréquemment démontré leur efficacité dans le traitement de l'ostéoporose, notamment l'ibandronate et l'alendronate. Mais, de plus en plus, il est fait mention dans la littérature de cas de patients traités par un bisphosphonate au long cours et présentant une fracture atypique qui y serait liée. Il s'agit, le plus souvent, de fractures fémorales dans la partie proximale de la diaphyse. Nous rapportons ici le cas d'une patiente de 73 ans ayant subi une fracture pathologique sous-trochantérienne après une prise prolongée d'alendronate suivie d'une prise d'ibandronate.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Espontâneas/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas do Quadril/induzido quimicamente , Idoso , Alendronato/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Ácido Ibandrônico
19.
Vox Sang ; 113(4): 378-385, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29473174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most guidelines recommend a restrictive transfusion trigger of 7 g/dl. It is unclear whether this resulted in more uniform transfusion practices. The primary objective was to uncover the extent of variation in transfusion decisions within four scenarios of critically ill patients among critical care physicians in the Netherlands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online survey comprising four different hypothetical clinical scenarios was sent to all members of the Dutch Society of Intensive Care. The scenarios represented patients with acute myocardial infarction (Hb 8·5 g/dl), abdominal sepsis (Hb 7·1 g/dl), traumatic brain injury (TBI) (Hb 7·9 g/dl) and post-surgical complications (Hb 7·3 g/dl). The questions explored the decision whether or not to transfuse and a ranking of clinical characteristics playing the most important role in the transfusion decision. RESULTS: A total of 224 members (22%) participated in the study of whom 188 (84%) completed all questions. The percentages of respondents that decided to transfuse ranged from 25·9% in the scenario with TBI to 81·6% in the scenario with post-surgical complications. Most controversy was seen in the scenario with sepsis for which 43·2% decided to transfuse, whereas 56·8% decided not to. Haemoglobin level, diagnosis and haemodynamics were most important for the transfusion decision in all scenarios. CONCLUSIONS: Physicians decided differently on red-blood-cell transfusion given the clinical scenarios and weighed clinical characteristics differently in their transfusion decisions. These findings suggest there still is substantial variation in critical care transfusion practice.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Cuidados Críticos/psicologia , Tomada de Decisões , Transfusão de Eritrócitos/psicologia , Adulto , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Transfusão de Eritrócitos/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 107(3): 249-258, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29151182

RESUMO

AIMS: A relevant number of patients presenting for electrical cardioversion carry a pacemaker (PM) or ICD. Case reports suggest a potential hazard of external cardioversion/defibrillation. The incidence of shock related device complications is unknown. No guidelines or recommendations by international medical societies for a cardioversion protocol of cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) patients exist. We conducted a nationwide survey to gather real-world clinical data on the current clinical approach towards these patients during electrical cardioversion and to estimate the incidence of shock-related complications. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ninety hospitals with > 380 ECV in 2014 were identified from mandatory hospital quality reports and 60 were randomly selected. All centers were provided with a standardized questionnaire on the general proceedings and complications during electrical cardioversion of pacemaker, ICD and CRT patients (CIED patients). Thirty-two centers (53%) participated in the survey. In total, 16,554 ECV were reported (534 ± 314 per center). Biphasic cardioversion with a first shock energy of ≥ 150 J via adhesive patches in antero-posterior orientation was preferred by most centers (78%). Eleven percent (n = 1809) of pts were reported to carry a PM/ICD. The ECV protocol was heterogeneous among centers. Complications associated with electrical cardioversion were reported in 11/1809 patients (0.6%), all were transitory elevations of pacing thresholds. CONCLUSIONS: In this nationwide snapshot survey of cardioversion procedures in Germany, approximately 11% of patients presenting for elective electrical cardioversion were pacemaker or ICD carriers. Cardioversion protocols in these patients are heterogeneous throughout centers and mostly not in accordance with recommendation of the German Cardiac Society. Complications associated with external electrical cardioversion are rare. Controlled trials and large registries are necessary to provide evidence for future recommendations.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica/métodos , Marca-Passo Artificial , Sistema de Registros , Sociedades Médicas , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Alemanha , Humanos , Morbidade/tendências , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
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