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1.
N Engl J Med ; 385(5): 395-405, 2021 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer, the most effective duration for adjuvant therapy with an aromatase inhibitor remains unclear. METHODS: In this prospective, phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy to receive the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole for an additional 2 years (2-year group, receiving a total of 7 years) or an additional 5 years (5-year group, receiving a total of 10 years). The primary end point was disease-free survival. The primary analysis included all the patients who were still participating in the trial and who had no recurrence 2 years after randomization (i.e., when treatment in the 2-year group had ended). Secondary end points were overall survival, contralateral breast cancer, second primary cancer, and clinical bone fracture. RESULTS: Among the 3484 women who were enrolled in the trial, 3208 remained in the trial without disease progression after the first 2 years of extended anastrozole treatment following randomization. Among these women, disease progression or death occurred in 335 women in each treatment group in the primary-analysis set at 8 years (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 1.15; P = 0.90). No between-group differences occurred in most secondary end points, and subgroup analyses did not indicate differences in any particular subgroup. The risk of clinical bone fracture was higher in the 5-year group than in the 2-year group (hazard ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.84). CONCLUSIONS: In postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer who had received 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy, extending hormone therapy by 5 years provided no benefit over a 2-year extension but was associated with a greater risk of bone fracture. (Funded by AstraZeneca and the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group; ABCSG-16/SALSA ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00295620.).


Assuntos
Anastrozol/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Aromatase/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anastrozol/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós-Menopausa , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores de Estrogênio , Receptores de Progesterona , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico
2.
Int J Surg ; 75: 47-52, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31991243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hernia repair in sublay technique is widely accepted for ventral hernias, as it appears to be advantageous in terms of complication and recurrence rates. Self-gripping meshes are increasingly used for hernia repair with retromuscular mesh positioning. However, real-life data on the safe use in that specific indication are still lacking. The purpose of this study is the evaluation of short-term postoperative outcome of self-gripping versus conventional non-self-gripping meshes in sublay hernia repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis assessed patients undergoing ventral hernia repair in sublay technique between January 2011 and July 2018 at the Department of Surgery, Medical University of Vienna. 244 consecutive patients were eligible for final analysis. Patients were grouped according to the utilized mesh. Baseline characteristics and peri-as well as postoperative outcome was assessed. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in baseline characteristics between the two groups. Median follow-up was 11 months (IQR 3-30). The overall complication rate (28.3% versus 13.7%, p = 0.005) due to an increased rate of seromas (17.3% versus 6.8%, p = 0.013) and surgical site infections (12.6% versus 4.3%, p = 0.021) was significantly higher in patients with a self-gripping mesh. Significantly more patients with a self-gripping mesh needed a surgical intervention (21.3% versus 9.4%, p = 0.011). CONCLUSION: In sublay ventral hernia repair, the use of self-gripping meshes is associated with a higher overall complication rate and an increased rate of complication-associated surgical interventions when compared to non-self-gripping mesh placements.


Assuntos
Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Telas Cirúrgicas , Idoso , Feminino , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Clin Chim Acta ; 500: 87-97, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655053

RESUMO

Numerous disease states are associated with cell death. For many decades, apoptosis and accidental necrosis have been assumed to be the two ways how a cell can die. The recent discovery of additional cell death processes such as necroptosis, ferroptosis or pyroptosis revealed a complex interplay between cell death mechanisms and diseases. Depending on the particular cell death pathway, cells secrete distinct molecular patterns, which differ between cell death types. This review focusses on released molecules, detectable in the blood flow, and their potential role as circulating biomarkers of cell death. We elucidate the molecular background of different biomarkers and give an overview on their correlation with disease stage, therapy response and prognosis in patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Morte Celular , Animais , Apoptose , Humanos , Necrose/sangue
4.
Curr Treat Options Oncol ; 19(4): 18, 2018 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29527635

RESUMO

OPINION STATEMENT: Bone health and breast cancer are two connected subjects, because breast cancer patients have a higher prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis and reduced bone health parameters than healthy woman of the same age. Therefore, the positive effect of adjuvant bisphosphonate therapy plays an important role in breast cancer treatment. Several randomized trials have studied bisphosphonates in the adjuvant setting in postmenopausal woman and demonstrated their potential to prevent treatment-induced bone loss. The prevention of fractures and the subsequent preservation of patients' quality of life are important arguments for the use of adjuvant bisphosphonates in postmenopausal breast cancer patients. In addition, trials of adjuvant bone-targeted agents showed a reduction of recurrences in and outside bone and an improved outcome in patients treated with bisphosphonates.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Pós-Menopausa
5.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 24(1): 236-243, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27730370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several clinical risk scores for patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM) were established in cohorts of patients undergoing liver resection (LR) without neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). The purpose of the study was to evaluate the predictive values of four common risk scores in the setting of NAC and the impact of score changes during NAC. METHODS: Risk scores (Fong, Nordlinger, Nagashima, and Konopke) were retrospectively calculated for 336 patients undergoing LR for CLM, including 109 patients without and 227 patients with NAC. In patients with NAC, the scores were calculated before and after NAC. RESULTS: In patients without NAC (n = 109), all risk scores except the Konopke score showed a significant correlation with disease-free survival (DFS). Only the Nagashima score also was predictive for overall survival (OS). In patients with NAC (n = 227), all scores except the Konopke score were predictive for DFS and OS before and after NAC. Score changes in the Fong and the Nagashima score showed a significant correlation with DFS and OS. CONCLUSIONS: Nagashima score was the most universally applicable score and predicted prognosis in all tested scenarios.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 9(11): 679-692, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29344105

RESUMO

Background: The benefit of 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy for women with hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer (BC) is beyond discussion. Nevertheless, the risk of recurrence of luminal BC persists for 15 years or more after diagnosis. Consequently, approaches of extended adjuvant therapy have been investigated in large clinical trials, with the ultimate aim of further reducing the risk of recurrence in patients with HR+ BC. Methods: A review of recently published trial data is presented to provide a solid basis for discussion. A discussion of the side effects of long-term endocrine treatment, multigenetic tests aiming to identify patients at particular risk, and an outlook for further promising targets are additional aims of this review. Conclusion: Extended adjuvant therapy seems beneficial in reducing distant relapse and contralateral BC for a selected group of patients with HR+ BC, particularly if aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are used after initial tamoxifen therapy. However, patients with lower risk of recurrence and initial AI therapy may suffer more from side effects than benefit from extended therapy.

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