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1.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144166

RESUMO

The relation between discharge location and outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is largely unknown. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the impact of discharge location on clinical outcomes after TAVI. Between August 2007 and December 2018, consecutive patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI at Bern University Hospital were grouped according to discharge location. Clinical adverse events were adjudicated according to VARC-2 end point definitions. Of 1,902 eligible patients, 520 (27.3%) were discharged home, 945 (49.7%) were discharged to a rehabilitation clinic and 437 (23.0%) were transferred to another institution. Compared with patients discharged to a rehabilitation facility or another institution, patients discharged home were younger (80.8 ± 6.5 vs 82.9 ± 5.4 and 82.8 ± 6.4 years), less likely female (37.3% vs 59.7% and 54.2%), and at lower risk according to STS-PROM (4.5 ± 3.0% vs 5.5 ± 3.8% and 6.6 ± 4.4%). At 1 year follow-up, patients discharged home had similar rates of all-cause mortality (HRadj 0.82; 95% CI 0.54 to 1.24), cerebrovascular events (HRadj 1.04; 95% CI 0.52 to 2.08) and bleeding complications (HRadj 0.93; 95% CI 0.61 to 1.41) compared with patients discharged to a rehabilitation facility. Patients discharged home or to rehabilitation were at lower risk for death (HRadj 0.37; 95% CI 0.24 to 0.56 and HRadj 0.44; 95% CI 0.32 to 0.60) and bleeding (HRadj 0.48; 95% CI 0.30 to 0.76 and HRadj 0.66; 95% CI 0.45 to 0.96) during the first year after hospital discharge compared with patients transferred to another institution. In conclusion, discharge location is associated with outcomes after TAVI with patients discharged home or to a rehabilitation facility having better clinical outcomes than patients transferred to another institution. Clinical Trial Registration: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. NCT01368250.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the predictive performances of the prewiring, postwiring MI-SYNTAX scores, prewiring, and postwiring Updated Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score (LCSS) for 2-year all-cause mortality post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. BACKGROUND: In patients with STEMI and undergoing primary PCI, coronary stenosis(es) distal to the culprit lesion is often observed after the restoration of coronary flow. To address comprehensively the complex coronary anatomy in these patients, prewiring and postwiring MI-SYNTAX scores have been reported in the literature. Furthermore, to enable individualized risk estimation for long-term all-cause mortality, the Updated LCSS has been developed by combining the anatomical SYNTAX score and clinical factors. METHODS: In the randomized GLOBAL LEADERS trial, anatomical SYNTAX score analysis was performed by an independent angiographic corelab for the first 4,000 consecutive patients as a prespecified analysis; of these, 545 presented with STEMI. The efficacy of the mortality predictions of the four scores at 2 years were evaluated based on their discrimination and calibration abilities. RESULTS: Complete data was available in 512 patients (93.9%). When the patients were stratified into two groups based on the median of the scores, the prewiring and postwiring Updated LCSSs demonstrated that the high-score groups were associated with higher rates of 2-year all-cause mortality compared to the low-score groups (6.6 vs. 1.2%; log-rank p = .001 and 6.6 vs. 1.2%; log-rank p = .001, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences for predicting the mortality between the prewiring (area under the curve [AUC] 0.625), postwiring MI-SYNTAX score (AUC 0.614), prewiring (AUC 0.755), and postwiring Updated LCSS (AUC 0.757). In the integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), the prewiring MI-SYNTAX score had a better discrimination for the mortality than the postwiring MI-SYNTAX score (IDI -0.0082; p = .029). The four scores had acceptable calibration abilities for 2-year all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The prewiring Updated LCSS predicts long-term all-cause mortality with clearly useful discrimination and acceptable calibration. Since the postwiring MI-SYNTAX score does not improve mortality prediction, the prewiring MI-SYNTAX score may be preferred for the 2-year mortality prediction using the Updated LCSS.

4.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 150: w20368, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211904

RESUMO

Increased age impacts the first medical contact to revascularisation delay in patients with STEMI. Patients with shorter treatment delays (<90 minutes after first medical contact) have significantly lower major adverse cardiac events rates at 3 years.

5.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(11): e009565, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite treatment guidance endorsing shortened dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration in high bleeding risk (HBR) patients after drug-eluting stents, limited evidence exists to support these recommendations. The present study was designed to examine the safety and effectiveness of 1-month DAPT duration following percutaneous coronary intervention with zotarolimus-eluting stents in HBR patients. METHODS: Onyx ONE Clear was a prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized study evaluating the safety and effectiveness of 1-month DAPT followed by single antiplatelet therapy in HBR patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with Resolute Onyx drug-eluting stents. The primary analysis of cardiac death or myocardial infarction between 1 month and 1 year was performed in the prespecified one-month clear population of patients pooled from the Onyx ONE US/Japan study and Onyx ONE randomized controlled trial. One-month clear was defined as DAPT adherence and without major adverse events during the first month following percutaneous coronary intervention. RESULTS: Among patients enrolled in Onyx ONE US/Japan (n=752) and Onyx ONE randomized controlled trial (n=1018), 1506 patients fulfilled one-month clear criteria. Mean HBR characteristics per patient was 1.6 with 44.7% having multiple risks. By 2 months and 1 year, respectively, 96.9% and 89.3% of patients were taking single antiplatelet therapy. Between 1 month and 1 year, the rate of the primary end point was 7.0%. The 1-sided upper 97.5% CI was 8.4%, less than the performance goal of 9.7% (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Among HBR patients who were event free before DAPT discontinuation at 1 month, favorable safety and effectiveness through 1 year support treatment with Resolute Onyx drug-eluting stents as part of an individualized strategy for shortened DAPT duration following percutaneous coronary intervention. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier NCT03647475.

6.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(11): 893-901, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET1-6954

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: A menudo se excluye de los ensayos clínicos a los pacientes hemodinámica o eléctricamente vulnerables, por lo que escasea la información sobre el acceso vascular y el tratamiento antitrombótico óptimos. En este trabajo se estudia la evolución de los pacientes vulnerables con síndrome coronario agudo tratados invasivamente según el acceso fuera radial o femoral y el tratamiento fuera con bivalirudina o con heparina no fraccionada (HNF). MÉTODOS: El estudio MATRIX aleatorizó a 8.404 pacientes a acceso radial o femoral y a 7.213 pacientes a bivalirudina o a HNF. Se consideró vulnerables a 934 pacientes (11,1%) debido a clase Killip avanzada (808), parada cardiaca (168) o ambas a la vez (42). El objetivo primario compuesto a 30 días fueron los eventos cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares mayores (MACE: muerte, infarto de miocardio e ictus) y los eventos clínicos adversos netos (NACE: MACE o hemorragia grave). RESULTADOS: El acceso radial, comparado con el femoral, redujo los MACE y NACE de modo similar en pacientes vulnerables y no vulnerables. El acceso radial se asoció con un claro beneficio relativo en la mortalidad total y cardiovascular y las hemorragias BARC 3 o 5, con mayor beneficio absoluto en los pacientes vulnerables. Los efectos de la bivalirudina comparada con la HNF en MACE y NACE concuerdan entre pacientes vulnerables y no vulnerables. La bivalirudina se asoció con menores mortalidad cardiovascular y por todas las causas en pacientes vulnerables, pero no en los no vulnerables, con test de interacción en el límite. La bivalirudina redujo las hemorragias en ambos grupos de pacientes, con un beneficio absoluto mayor en el caso de los pacientes vulnerables. CONCLUSIONES: En pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo sometidos a tratamiento invasivo, los efectos de los tratamientos aleatorizados fueron concordantes entre los pacientes vulnerables y los no vulnerables, pero la reducción del riesgo absoluto del acceso radial y bivalirudina fue mayor en los vulnerables, con una reducción de 5 a 10 veces en el número de pacientes que es necesario tratar


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Patients who are vulnerable to hemodynamic or electrical disorders (VP) are often excluded from clinical trials and data on the optimal access-site or antithrombotic treatment are limited. We assessed outcomes of transradial vs transfemoral access and bivalirudin vs unfractionated heparin (UFH) in VP with acute coronary syndrome undergoing invasive management. METHODS: The MATRIX trial randomized 8404 patients to radial or femoral access and 7213 patients to bivalirudin or UFH. Among them, 934 (11.1%) were deemed VP due to advanced Killip class (n = 808), cardiac arrest (n = 168), or both (n = 42). The 30-day coprimary outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACE: death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) and net adverse clinical events (NACE: MACE or major bleeding). RESULTS: MACE and NACE were similarly reduced with radial vs femoral access in VP and non-VP. Transradial access was also associated with consistent relative benefits in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality or Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3 or 5 bleeding with greater absolute benefits in VP. The effects of bivalirudin vs UFH on MACE and NACE were consistent in VP and non-VP. Bivalirudin was associated with lower all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in VP but not in non-VP, with borderline interaction testing. Bivalirudin reduced bleeding in both VP and non-VP with a larger absolute benefit in VP. CONCLUSIONS: In acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing invasive management, the effects of randomized treatments were consistent in VP and non-VP, but absolute risk reduction with radial access and bivalirudin were greater in VP, with a 5- to 10-fold lower number needed to treat for benefits

7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(21): 2528-2538, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess coronary accessibility after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)-in-TAVR using multidetector computed tomography. BACKGROUND: Expanding TAVR to patients with longer life expectancy may involve more frequent bioprosthetic valve failure and need for redo TAVR. Coronary access after TAVR-in-TAVR may be challenging, particularly as the leaflets from the initial transcatheter heart valve (THV) will form a neo-skirt following TAVR-in-TAVR. METHODS: In 45 patients treated with different combinations of CoreValve and Evolut (CV/EV) THVs with supra-annular leaflet position and SAPIEN THVs with intra-annular leaflet position, post-TAVR-in-TAVR multidetector computed tomographic scans were analyzed to examine coronary accessibility. RESULTS: After TAVR-in-TAVR, the coronary arteries originated below the top of the neo-skirt in 90% of CV/EV-first cases compared with 67% of SAPIEN-first cases (p = 0.009). For these coronary arteries originating below the top of the neo-skirt, the distance between the THV and the aortic wall was <3 mm in 56% and 25% of CV/EV-first and SAPIEN-first cases, respectively (p = 0.035). Coronary access may be further complicated by THV-THV stent frame strut misalignment in 53% of CV/EV-in-CV/EV cases. The risk for technically impossible coronary access was 27% and 10% in CV/EV-first and SAPIEN-first cases, respectively (p = 0.121). Absence of THV interference with coronary accessibility can be expected in 8% and 33% of CV/EV-first and SAPIEN-first cases, respectively (p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Coronary access after TAVR-in-TAVR may be challenging in a significant proportion of patients. THVs with intra-annular leaflet position or low commissural height and large open cells may be preferable in terms of coronary access after TAVR-in-TAVR.

8.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(21): 2560-2570, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153569

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to define the optimal fluoroscopic viewing angles of both coronary ostia and important coronary bifurcations by using 3-dimensional multislice computed tomographic data. BACKGROUND: Optimal fluoroscopic projections are crucial for coronary imaging and interventions. Historically, coronary fluoroscopic viewing angles were derived empirically from experienced operators. METHODS: In this analysis, 100 consecutive patients who underwent computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) for suspected coronary artery disease were studied. A CTCA-based method is described to define optimal viewing angles of both coronary ostia and important coronary bifurcations to guide percutaneous coronary interventions. RESULTS: The average optimal viewing angle for ostial left main stenting was left anterior oblique (LAO) 37°, cranial (CRA) 22° (95% confidence interval [CI]: LAO 33° to 40°, CRA 19° to 25°) and for ostial right coronary stenting was LAO 79°, CRA 41° (95% CI: LAO 74° to 84°, CRA 37° to 45°). Estimated mean optimal viewing angles for bifurcation stenting were as follows: left main: LAO 0°, caudal (CAU) 49° (95% CI: right anterior oblique [RAO] 8° to LAO 8°, CAU 43° to 54°); left anterior descending with first diagonal branch: LAO 11°, CRA 71° (95% CI: RAO 6° to LAO 27°, CRA 66° to 77°); left circumflex bifurcation with first marginal branch: LAO 24°, CAU 33° (95% CI: LAO 15° to 33°, CAU 25° to 41°); and posterior descending artery and posterolateral branch: LAO 44°, CRA 34° (95% CI: LAO 35° to 52°, CRA 27° to 41°). CONCLUSIONS: CTCA can suggest optimal fluoroscopic viewing angles of coronary artery ostia and bifurcations. As the frequency of use of diagnostic CTCA increases in the future, it has the potential to provide additional information for planning and guiding percutaneous coronary intervention procedures.

10.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To assess the course and prediction of basic activities of daily living (ADL) function in patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. SETTING: The setting was a single academic center in Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included individuals aged ≥70 years (n = 330) undergoing TAVI. MEASUREMENTS: A frailty index (based on geriatric assessment) and cardiac risk scores (EuroSCORE, Society of Thoracic Surgeons [STS] score) were determined in patients before TAVI. Basic ADL function was measured with patient or proxy interviews at baseline and 1-year follow up. We used logistic regression models to investigate the association between baseline factors and functional decline. RESULTS: At 1-year follow up, 229 (69.4%) of the 330 patients had stable or improved basic ADL function, 49 (14.8%) experienced a decline in basic ADL function, and 52 (15.8%) died. The frailty index, but not cardiac risk scores, significantly predicted decline in basic ADL function. Among the 34 surviving very frail patients, 12 (35.3%) experienced a functional status decline, and the remaining 22 (64.7%) had stable or improved functional status at 1-year follow up. CONCLUSION: This study confirms that a frailty index, and not cardiac risk scores, identifies patients at an increased risk of functional status decline after TAVI. Identifying patients with a high frailty index before TAVI is clinically relevant as these patients might benefit from targeted geriatric management and rehabilitation after TAVI. However, based on current data, it is not justified to use information on frailty status as the criterion for identifying patients in whom TAVI might be futile. Although the probability of poor outcome is high, very frail patients also have a high probability of favorable long-term functional outcome.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119069

RESUMO

AIMS: Safety and efficacy of antithrombotic regimens in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may differ based on clinical presentation. We sought to comparing double vs. triple antithrombotic therapy (DAT vs TAT) in AF patients with or without acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing PCI. METHODS AND RESULTS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed using PubMed to search for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC)-based randomized clinical trials. Data on subgroups of ACS or elective PCI were obtained by published reports or trial investigators. A total of 10,193 patients from 4 NOAC trials were analyzed, of whom 5,675 presenting with ACS (DAT = 3,063 vs. TAT = 2,612) and 4,518 with SCAD (DAT = 2,421 vs. TAT = 2,097). The primary safety endpoint of ISTH major bleeding or CRNMB was reduced with DAT compared with TAT in both ACS (12.2% vs 19.4%; RR 0.63, 95% CI 0.56-0.71; p < 0.0001; I2=0%) and SCAD (14.6% vs 22.0%; RR 0.68, 95% CI 0.55-0.85; p = 0.0008; I2=66%), without interaction (p-int = 0.54). Findings were consistent for secondary bleeding endpoints, including intracranial Haemorrhage. In both subgroups, there was no difference between DAT and TAT for all-cause death, major adverse cardiovascular events, or stroke. Myocardial infarction and stent thrombosis were numerically higher with DAT vs. TAT consistently in ACS and SCAD (p-int = 0.60 and 0.86 respectively). Findings were confirmed by multiple sensitivity analyses, including a separate analysis on dabigatran regimens and a restriction to PCI population. CONCLUSIONS: DAT, compared with TAT, is associated with lower bleeding risks, including intracranial Haemorrhage, and a small non-significant excess of cardiac ischaemic events in both patients with or without ACS.

12.
Eur Heart J ; 41(38): 3743-3749, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029615

RESUMO

AIMS: To validate the set of clinical and biochemical criteria proposed by consensus by the Academic Research Consortium (ARC) for High Bleeding Risk (HBR) for the identification of HBR patients. These criteria were categorized into major and minor, if expected to carry in isolation, respectively, ≥4% and <4% Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3 or 5 bleeding risk within 1-year after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). High bleeding risk patients are those meeting at least 1 major or 2 minor criteria. METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients undergoing PCI at Bern University Hospital, between February 2009 and September 2018 were prospectively entered into the Bern PCI Registry (NCT02241291). Age, haemoglobin, platelet count, creatinine, and use of oral anticoagulation were prospectively collected, while the remaining HBR criteria except for planned surgery were retrospectively adjudicated. A total of 16 580 participants with complete ARC-HBR criteria were included. After assigning 1 point to each major and 0.5 point to each minor criterion, we observed for every 0.5 score increase a step-wise augmentation of BARC 3 or 5 bleeding rates at 1 year ranging from 1.90% among patients fulfilling no criterion, through 4.01%, 5.98%, 7.42%, 8.60%, 12.21%, 12.29%, and 17.64%. All major and five out of six minor criteria, conferred in isolation a risk for BARC 3 or 5 bleeding at 1 year exceeding 4% at the upper limit of the 95% confidence intervals. CONCLUSION: All major and the majority of minor ARC-HBR criteria identify in isolation patients at HBR.

13.
Eur Heart J ; 41(38): 3693-3701, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064788
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitral annular calcification (MAC) has been associated with mitral valve (MV) disease and cardiovascular events in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We aimed to investigate the incidence and impact of mitral calcium volume (MCV) quantified by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) on MV function and clinical outcomes after TAVI. METHODS: Consecutive patients with exploitable echocardiography and MDCT performed during TAVI screening were enrolled in this retrospective analysis. Mitral calcium was assessed visually and measured using a semi-automatic tool developed for the aortic valve in an off-label fashion. RESULTS: MCV >0 mm3 was found in 65% of the 875 included patients. Patients with calcification were older (82 ± 6 versus 81 ± 7; P = 0.002) and had high prevalence of renal dysfunction (69% versus 61%; P = 0.017) and mitral stenosis (25% versus 4%, P < 0.001). MCV correlated well with visual MAC severity (r = 0.94; P < 0.001), but showed a greater predictive value for mitral stenosis (AUC = 0.804 vs. 0.780, P = 0.012) , while it was not a predictor of mitral regurgitation (AUC = 0.514). Correlations were found between MCV and echocardiographic parameters including MV area, mean transmitral gradient, and pressure half-time (P < 0.001 for all). MCV did not impact on cardiovascular mortality or new permanent pacemaker implantation after TAVI. CONCLUSIONS: Calcification of the mitral apparatus is common in TAVI candidates and results in mitral stenosis in 25% of the patients. Increasing MCV predicts mitral stenosis, but had no impact on clinical outcomes following TAVI. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01368250.

15.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065085

RESUMO

Bioprosthetic valve thrombosis may complicate transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This meta-analysis sought to evaluate the prevalence and clinical impact of subclinical leaflet thrombosis (SLT) and clinical valve thrombosis (CVT) after TAVI. We summarized diagnostic strategies, prevalence of SLT and/or CVT and estimated their impact on the risk of all-cause death and stroke. Twenty studies with 12,128 patients were included. The prevalence of SLT and CVT was 15.1% and 1.2%, respectively. The risk of all-cause death was not significantly different between patients with SLT (relative risk [RR] 0.77; p = 0.22) and CVT (RR 1.29; p = 0.68) compared with patients without. The risk of stroke was higher in patients with CVT (RR 7.51; p <0.001) as compared with patients without, while patients with SLT showed no significant increase in the risk of stroke (RR 1.81; p = 0.17). Reduced left ventricular function was associated with increased prevalence, while oral anticoagulation was associated with reduced prevalence of bioprosthetic valve thrombosis. Bioprosthetic valve thrombosis is frequent after TAVI, but does not increase the risk of death. Clinical valve thrombosis is associated with a significantly increased risk of stroke. Future studies should focus on prevention and treatment of bioprosthetic valve thrombosis.

16.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 32(10): E258-E260, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999097

RESUMO

Self-expanding valves have been associated with superior hemodynamics versus balloon-expandable valves. Our aim was to compare invasive gradients between valve types for similarly sized valves. Patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) at the Malcom Randall Veterans Affairs Medical Center and the Bern University Hospital were considered for this analysis. From 1623 subjects who underwent TAVR, a total of 566 had available invasive hemodynamic data. After applying exclusion criteria, we included 499 for analysis. With immediate invasive hemodynamic assessment, balloon- expandable valves were associated with similar/marginally lower transvalvular gradients versus self-expanding valves. With postoperative echocardiography within 24 hours, self-expanding valves were associated with lower Doppler gradients versus balloon-expandable valves for all size categories.

17.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065080

RESUMO

Patients undergoing staged percutaneous coronary intervention (SPCI) are exposed to extended duration of antiplatelet therapy, and a novel aspirin-free antiplatelet regimen after SPCI should be specifically evaluated among these patients. This is a prespecified substudy of the GLOBAL LEADERS which is a randomized, open-label trial, comparing an experimental regimen of 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT; ticagrelor and aspirin) followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy to a reference regimen of 12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin monotherapy. Patients were stratified according to whether or not SPCI was performed. The impact of the timing of SPCI on clinical outcomes was also investigated. Of 15,968 randomized patients, 1,651 patients underwent SPCI within 3 months. These patients with SPCI had a significantly higher risk of bleeding and ischemic endpoints than those without SPCI. In patients undergoing SPCI, the primary endpoint (composite of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction at 2 years) and secondary safety endpoint (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium [BARC]-defined bleeding 3 or 5) were similar in the 2 regimens. However, in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the experimental regimen reduced a risk of BARC 3 or 5 bleeding (1.8% vs 4.5%; HR 0.387; 95% CI 0.179 to 0.836; p = 0.016). In patients undergoing SPCI later than 10 days after index procedure, this risk reduction was still prominent (0.8% vs 2.3%; HR 0.321; 95% CI 0.116 to 0.891; p = 0.029). In conclusion, patients undergoing SPCI are at high risk and may need special attention from clinicians. In ACS patients undergoing SPCI, a novel aspirin-free antiplatelet regimen appears to be associated with a lower bleeding risk than with standard DAPT.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022121

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate periprocedural and long-term outcome of left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) using Amplatzer occluders with respect to individual pre-procedural stroke risk. BACKGROUND: LAAC is a proven strategy for prevention from stroke and bleeding in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation not amenable to oral anticoagulation. Whether individual pre-procedural stroke risk may affect procedural and long-term clinical outcome after LAAC is unclear. METHODS: Multicenter study of consecutive patients who underwent Amplatzer-LAAC. Using pre-procedural CHADS2 score, outcomes were compared between a low (0-2 points) and a high stroke risk group (3-6 points). RESULTS: Five hundred consecutive patients (73.9 ± 10.1 years) who underwent Amplatzer-LAAC. Two hundred and forty eight had preprocedural CHADS2 score ≤ 2 points (low-risk group) and the remaining 252 patients had 3-6 points (high-risk group). Periprocedural complication rates (6.0% vs. 5.6%, p = .85), procedural success (LAAC without major periprocedural or device-related complications or major para-device leaks: 89.4% vs. 87.9%, p = .74), and 30-day-mortality (2.4% vs. 2.6%, p = .77) were comparable. After 1,346 patient-years (PY), the long-term composite efficacy endpoint (stroke, systemic embolism, cardiovascular, and unexplained death) was reached in 23/653 (3.5/100 PY) versus 52/693 (7.5/100 PY); HR = 2.13; 95%-CI, 1.28-3.65, p = .002) with stroke rates 67% and 68% lower than anticipated by preprocedural CHADS2 score. Combined safety endpoint (major periprocedural complications and major, life-threatening or fatal bleedings) occurred in 22/653 (3.4/100 PY) versus 28/693 (4.0/100 PY); HR = 1.20; 95%-CI, 0.66-2.20, p = .52). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with patients at low risk of stroke, LAAC with Amplatzer devices is associated with similar safety and efficacy in high-risk patients in our study.

19.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 179, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with both diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are a subpopulation characterized by ultrahigh ischemic and bleeding risk after percutaneous coronary intervention. There are limited data on the impact of ticagrelor monotherapy among these patients. METHODS: In this post hoc analysis of the GLOBAL-LEADERS trial, the treatment effects of the experimental (one-month dual-antiplatelet therapy [DAPT] followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy) versus the reference regimen (12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin alone) were analyzed according to DM/CKD status. The primary endpoint was a composite endpoint of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction at 2-years. The patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) was defined as the composite of all-cause death, any stroke, site-reported MI and any revascularization, whereas net adverse clinical events (NACE) combined POCE with BARC type 3 or 5 bleeding events. RESULTS: At 2 years, the DM + /CKD + patients had significantly higher incidences of the primary endpoint (9.5% versus 3.1%, adjusted HR 2.16; 95% CI [1.66-2.80], p < 0.001), BARC type 3 or 5 bleeding events, stroke, site-reported myocardial infraction, all revascularization, POCE, and NACE, compared with the DM-/CKD- patients. Among the DM + /CKD + patients, after adjustment, there were no significant differences in the primary endpoints between the experimental and reference regimen; however, the experimental regimen was associated with lower rates of POCE (20.6% versus 25.9%, HR 0.74; 95% CI [0.55-0.99], p = 0.043, pinteraction = 0.155) and NACE (22.7% versus 28.3%, HR 0.75; 95% CI [0.56-0.99], p = 0.044, pinteraction = 0.310), which was mainly driven by a lower rate of all revascularization, as compared with the reference regimen. The landmark analysis showed that while the experimental and reference regimen had similar rates of all the clinical endpoints during the first year, the experimental regimen was associated with significantly lower rates of POCE (5.8% versus 11.0%, HR 0.49; 95% CI [0.29-0.82], p = 0.007, pinteraction = 0.040) and NACE (5.8% versus 11.2%, HR 0.48; 95% CI [0.29-0.82], p = 0.007, pinteraction = 0.013) in the second year. CONCLUSION: Among patients with both DM and CKD, ticagrelor monotherapy was not associated with lower rates of all-cause death or new Q-wave, or major bleeding complications; however, it was associated with lower rates of POCE and NACE. These findings should be interpreted as hypothesis-generating. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01813435).

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