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Ann Anat ; 239: 151834, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547412


BACKGROUND: Harvesting vascularized bone grafts with computer-assisted surgery represents the gold standard for mandibular reconstruction. However, current augmented reality (AR) approaches are limited to invasive marker fixation. This trial compared a markerless AR-guided real-time navigation with virtually planned and 3D printed cutting guides for harvesting iliac crest grafts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two commonly used iliac crest transplant configurations were virtually planned on 10 cadaver hips. Transplant harvest was performed with AR guidance and cutting guide technology. The harvested transplants were digitalized using cone beam CT. Deviations of angulation, distance and volume between the executed and planned osteotomies were measured. RESULTS: Both AR and cutting guides accurately rendered the virtually planned transplant volume. However, the cumulative osteotomy plane angulation differed significantly (p = 0.018) between AR (14.99 ± 11.69°) and the cutting guides (8.49 ± 5.42°). The cumulative osteotomy plane distance showed that AR-guided navigation had lower accuracy (2.65 ± 3.32 mm) than the cutting guides (1.47 ± 1.36 mm), although without significant difference. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated the clinical usability of markerless AR-guided navigation for harvesting iliac crest grafts. Further improvement of accuracy rates might bring clinical implementation closer to reality.

Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34440965


Background and objectives: In oral and maxillofacial operations, the iliac crest is a commonly used donor site from which to harvest bone for augmentation prior to dental implantation or for reconstruction of jaw defects caused by trauma or pathological lesions. In an aging society, the proportion of elderly patients undergoing iliac crest bone grafting for oral augmentation is growing. Although postoperative morbidity is usually moderate to low, the age and health of the patient should be considered as risk factors for complications and delayed mobilization after the operation. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the postoperative morbidity and complications in elderly patients after the harvesting of iliac crest bone grafts for oral surgery. Material and Methods: Data were collected from a total of 486 patients (aged 7-85) who had a surgical procedure that included the harvesting of iliac crest bone grafts for intraoral transplantation. All patients were operated on between 2005 and 2021 in the Department for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the University Hospital in Aachen, Germany. As parameters for postoperative morbidity and complications, gait disturbances, hypesthesia of cutaneous nerves, incision hernias, iliac crest fractures, delayed wound healing, and unfavorable scar formation at the donor site were all evaluated. Results: The study was performed with 485 patients due to the exclusion of one patient as the only one from whom grafts were taken from both sides. When younger and older patients were compared, neither gait disturbances (p = 0.420), nor hernias (p = 0.239), nor fractures (p = 0.239), nor hypesthesia (p = 0.297), nor wound healing delay (p = 0.294), nor scar problems (p = 0.586) were significantly different. However, the volume of the graft was significantly correlated with the duration of the hospital stay (ρ = 0.30; p < 0.01) but not with gait disturbances (ρ = 0.60; p = 0.597). Additionally, when controlling for age (p = 0.841), sex (p = 0.031), ASA class (p = 0.699), preexisting orthopedic handicaps (p = 0.9828), and the volume of the bone graft (p = 0.770), only male sex was associated with the likelihood of suffering gait disturbances (p = 0.031). Conclusions: In conclusion, harvesting bone grafts from the anterior iliac crest for intraoral augmentation is a safe procedure for both young and elderly patients. Although there is some postoperative morbidity, such as gait disturbances, hypesthesia, scar formation, or delayed wound healing at the donor site, rates for these minor complications are low and mostly of short duration. Major complications, such as fractures or incision hernias, are very rare. However, in our study, the volume of the bone graft was associated with a longer stay in hospital, and this should be considered in the planning of iliac crest bone graft procedures.

Ílio , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos , Idoso , Transplante Ósseo , Humanos , Masculino , Morbidade , Dor Pós-Operatória , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
Int J Med Robot ; : e2318, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328700


BACKGROUND: Defects of the facial skeleton often require complex reconstruction with vascularized grafts. This trial elucidated the usability, visual perception and accuracy of a markerless augmented reality (AR)-guided navigation for harvesting iliac crest transplants. METHODS: Random CT scans were used to virtually plan two common transplant configurations on 10 iliac crest models, each printed four times. The transplants were harvested using projected AR and cutting guides. The duration and accuracies of the angulation, distance and volume between the planned and executed osteotomies were measured. RESULTS: AR was characterized by the efficient use of time and accurate rendition of preoperatively planned geometries. However, vertical osteotomies and complex anatomical settings displayed significant inferiority of AR guidance compared to cutting guides. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the usability of a markerless AR setup for harvesting iliac crest transplants. The visual perception and accuracy of the AR-guided osteotomies constituted remaining weaknesses against cutting guide technology.