Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 60
Filtrar
1.
Eur J Cancer ; 143: 46-51, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is strongly influenced by hereditary risk factors. Yet, the known susceptibility genes and genomic loci explain only about half of the familial component of the disease. To identify novel breast cancer predisposing gene defects, here we have performed massive parallel sequencing for Northern Finnish breast cancer cases. METHODS: Ninety-eight breast cancer cases with indication of hereditary disease susceptibility were exome sequenced. Data filtering strategy focused on predictably deleterious rare variants that were still enriched in the sequenced cohort. Findings were confirmed with additional, geographically matched breast cancer cohorts. RESULTS: A recurrent heterozygous splice acceptor variant, c.918-1G>C, in SERPINA3, was identified, and it was significantly enriched both in the hereditary (6/201, 3.0%, p = 0.006, OR 5.1, 95% CI 1.7-14.8) and unselected breast cancer cohort (26/1569, 1.7%, p = 0.009, OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.3-6.2). SERPINA3 c.918-1G>C carriers were also significantly more likely to have a rare tumor subtype, medullary breast cancer, than the non-carriers (4/26, 15.4%, p = 0.000014, OR 42.9, 95% CI 11.7-157.1). CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate that c.918-1G>C germline variant in SERPINA3 gene, encoding a member of the serine protease inhibitor class, is a novel breast cancer predisposing allele.

2.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 8(11): e1493, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rare protein truncating variants of NTHL1 gene are causative for the recently described, recessively inherited NTHL1 tumor syndrome that is characterized by an increased lifetime risk for colorectal cancer, colorectal polyposis, and breast cancer. Although there is strong evidence for breast cancer being a part of the cancer spectrum in these families, the role of pathogenic NTHL1 variants in breast cancer susceptibility in general population remains unclear. METHODS: We tested the prevalence of NTHL1 nonsense variant c.268C>T, p.Q90*, which is the major allele in NTHL1 families and also shows enrichment in the Finnish population, in a total of 1333 breast cancer patients. Genotyping was performed for DNA samples extracted from peripheral blood by using high-resolution melt analysis. RESULTS: Sixteen NTHL1 p.Q90* heterozygous carriers were identified (1.2%, p = 0.61): 5 in hereditary cohort (n = 234, 2.1%, p = 0.39) and 11 in unselected cohort (n = 1099, 1.0%, p = 0.36). This frequency is equal to that in the general population (19/1324, 1.4%). No NTHL1 p.Q90* homozygotes were identified. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that NTHL1 p.Q90* heterozygous carriers do not have an increased risk for breast cancer and that the variant is unlikely to be a significant contributor to breast cancer risk at the population level.

5.
Hum Mol Genet ; 28(24): 4148-4160, 2019 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630195

RESUMO

Whilst heterozygous germline mutations in the ABRAXAS1 gene have been associated with a hereditary predisposition to breast cancer, their effect on promoting tumourigenesis at the cellular level has not been explored. Here, we demonstrate in patient-derived cells that the Finnish ABRAXAS1 founder mutation (c.1082G > A, Arg361Gln), even in the heterozygous state leads to decreased BRCA1 protein levels as well as reduced nuclear localization and foci formation of BRCA1 and CtIP. This causes disturbances in basal BRCA1-A complex localization, which is reflected by a restraint in error-prone DNA double-strand break repair pathway usage, attenuated DNA damage response and deregulated G2-M checkpoint control. The current study clearly demonstrates how the Finnish ABRAXAS1 founder mutation acts in a dominant-negative manner on BRCA1 to promote genome destabilization in heterozygous carrier cells.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA1/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Reparo do DNA , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Adulto , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Genes BRCA1 , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética
6.
NPJ Breast Cancer ; 5: 23, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428676

RESUMO

Mono-allelic germline pathogenic variants in the Partner And Localizer of BRCA2 (PALB2) gene predispose to a high-risk of breast cancer development, consistent with the role of PALB2 in homologous recombination (HR) DNA repair. Here, we sought to define the repertoire of somatic genetic alterations in PALB2-associated breast cancers (BCs), and whether PALB2-associated BCs display bi-allelic inactivation of PALB2 and/or genomic features of HR-deficiency (HRD). Twenty-four breast cancer patients with pathogenic PALB2 germline mutations were analyzed by whole-exome sequencing (WES, n = 16) or targeted capture massively parallel sequencing (410 cancer genes, n = 8). Somatic genetic alterations, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the PALB2 wild-type allele, large-scale state transitions (LSTs) and mutational signatures were defined. PALB2-associated BCs were found to be heterogeneous at the genetic level, with PIK3CA (29%), PALB2 (21%), TP53 (21%), and NOTCH3 (17%) being the genes most frequently affected by somatic mutations. Bi-allelic PALB2 inactivation was found in 16 of the 24 cases (67%), either through LOH (n = 11) or second somatic mutations (n = 5) of the wild-type allele. High LST scores were found in all 12 PALB2-associated BCs with bi-allelic PALB2 inactivation sequenced by WES, of which eight displayed the HRD-related mutational signature 3. In addition, bi-allelic inactivation of PALB2 was significantly associated with high LST scores. Our findings suggest that the identification of bi-allelic PALB2 inactivation in PALB2-associated BCs is required for the personalization of HR-directed therapies, such as platinum salts and/or PARP inhibitors, as the vast majority of PALB2-associated BCs without PALB2 bi-allelic inactivation lack genomic features of HRD.

7.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 13149, 2018 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30177847

RESUMO

We propose an effective machine learning approach to identify group of interacting single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), which contribute most to the breast cancer (BC) risk by assuming dependencies among BCAC iCOGS SNPs. We adopt a gradient tree boosting method followed by an adaptive iterative SNP search to capture complex non-linear SNP-SNP interactions and consequently, obtain group of interacting SNPs with high BC risk-predictive potential. We also propose a support vector machine formed by the identified SNPs to classify BC cases and controls. Our approach achieves mean average precision (mAP) of 72.66, 67.24 and 69.25 in discriminating BC cases and controls in KBCP, OBCS and merged KBCP-OBCS sample sets, respectively. These results are better than the mAP of 70.08, 63.61 and 66.41 obtained by using a polygenic risk score model derived from 51 known BC-associated SNPs, respectively, in KBCP, OBCS and merged KBCP-OBCS sample sets. BC subtype analysis further reveals that the 200 identified KBCP SNPs from the proposed method performs favorably in classifying estrogen receptor positive (ER+) and negative (ER-) BC cases both in KBCP and OBCS data. Further, a biological analysis of the identified SNPs reveals genes related to important BC-related mechanisms, estrogen metabolism and apoptosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Sequência de Bases , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Feminino , Finlândia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Genoma Humano , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Prognóstico , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Risco , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
8.
Int J Cancer ; 142(11): 2286-2292, 2018 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29341116

RESUMO

Several known breast cancer susceptibility genes with moderate-to-high risk alleles encode proteins involved in DNA damage response (DDR). As these explain less than half of the hereditary breast cancer cases, additional predisposing alleles are likely to be discovered. Many of the previous studies utilizing massive parallel sequencing have focused on the protein-truncating variants, and the role of rare missense mutations has remained poorly addressed. To identify novel susceptibility factors, we have systematically analyzed the data from our parallel sequencing of 796 DDR genes in 189 Northern Finnish hereditary breast cancer patients for rare missense variants, predicted as deleterious. Thirty-five variants were studied here for the disease association using Finnish breast cancer case (n = 492-2,035) and control (n = 277-1,539) cohorts. As a result, two missense variants in genes involved in DNA replication, RECQL p.I156M and POLG p.L392V, the former involving genomic and the latter mitochondrial DNA replication, showed significant association with risk of breast cancer. Rare RECQL p.I156M allele was observed in breast cancer cases only (6/1,946, 0.3%, p = 0.043), whereas POLG p.L392V was two times more frequent in breast cancer cases (53/2,238, 2.4%) compared to controls (18/1,539, 1.2%, OR = 2.1, 95% CI 1.2-3.5, p = 0.010). Based on the current genetic data, both RECQL p.I156M and POLG p.L392V represent novel breast cancer predisposing alleles.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Polimerase do DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , RecQ Helicases/genética , Alelos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Sequência Conservada , Evolução Molecular , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Perda de Heterozigosidade , Linhagem
9.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 166(1): 217-226, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28702895

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The FANCM c.5101C>T nonsense mutation was previously found to associate with breast cancer in the Finnish population, especially among triple-negative cases. Here, we studied the prevalence of three other FANCM variants: c.5791C>T, which has been reported to predispose to familial breast cancer, and the c.4025_4026delCT and c.5293dupA variants recently identified in Finnish cancer patients. METHODS: We genotyped the FANCM c.5791C>T mutation in 4806 invasive breast cancer patients, including BRCA1/2 mutation negative familial cases and unselected cases, and in 2734 healthy population controls from four different geographical areas of Finland. The association of the mutation with breast cancer risk among patient subgroups was statistically evaluated. We further analyzed the combined risk associated with c.5101C>T and c.5791C>T mutations. We also genotyped 526 unselected ovarian cancer patients for the c.5791C>T mutation and 862 familial breast cancer patients for the c.4025_4026delCT and c.5293dupA variants. RESULTS: The frequency of the FANCM c.5791C>T mutation was higher among breast cancer cases than in controls (OR 1.94, 95% CI 0.87-4.32, P = 0.11), with a statistically significant association with triple-negative breast cancer (OR 5.14, 95% CI 1.65-16.0, P = 0.005). The combined analysis for c.5101C>T and c.5791C>T carriers confirmed a strong association with breast cancer (OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.32-2.49, P = 0.0002), especially among the triple-negative patients (OR 3.08, 95% CI 1.77-5.35, P = 0.00007). For the other variants, only one additional c.4025_4026delCT carrier and no c.5293dupA carriers were observed. CONCLUSIONS: These results support the role of FANCM as a breast cancer susceptibility gene, particularly for triple-negative breast cancer.


Assuntos
Alelos , DNA Helicases/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Reparo do DNA , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Duplicação Gênica , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Vigilância da População , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Deleção de Sequência
10.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 681, 2017 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28386063

RESUMO

Several known breast cancer susceptibility genes encode proteins involved in DNA damage response (DDR) and are characterized by rare loss-of-function mutations. However, these explain less than half of the familial cases. To identify novel susceptibility factors, 39 rare truncating mutations, identified in 189 Northern Finnish hereditary breast cancer patients in parallel sequencing of 796 DDR genes, were studied for disease association. Mutation screening was performed for Northern Finnish breast cancer cases (n = 578-1565) and controls (n = 337-1228). Mutations showing potential cancer association were analyzed in additional Finnish cohorts. c.7253dupT in TEX15, encoding a DDR factor important in meiosis, associated with hereditary breast cancer (p = 0.018) and likely represents a Northern Finnish founder mutation. A deleterious c.2715 + 1G > A mutation in the Fanconi anemia gene, FANCD2, was over two times more common in the combined Finnish hereditary cohort compared to controls. A deletion (c.640_644del5) in RNF168, causative for recessive RIDDLE syndrome, had high prevalence in majority of the analyzed cohorts, but did not associate with breast cancer. In conclusion, truncating variants in TEX15 and FANCD2 are potential breast cancer risk factors, warranting further investigations in other populations. Furthermore, high frequency of RNF168 c.640_644del5 indicates the need for its testing in Finnish patients with RIDDLE syndrome symptoms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Dano ao DNA , Proteína do Grupo de Complementação D2 da Anemia de Fanconi/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Alelos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Síndromes Neoplásicas Hereditárias/genética , Estabilidade de RNA , RNA Mensageiro , Fluxo de Trabalho
11.
Breast Cancer Res ; 18(1): 98, 2016 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27716369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: P.I157T is a CHEK2 missense mutation associated with a modest increase in breast cancer risk. Previously, another CHEK2 mutation, the protein truncating c.1100delC has been associated with poor prognosis of breast cancer patients. Here, we have investigated patient survival and characteristics of breast tumors of germ line p.I157T carriers. METHODS: We included in the analyses 26,801 European female breast cancer patients from 15 studies participating in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium. We analyzed the association between p.I157T and the clinico-pathological breast cancer characteristics by comparing the p.I157T carrier tumors to non-carrier and c.1100delC carrier tumors. Similarly, we investigated the p.I157T associated risk of early death, breast cancer-associated death, distant metastasis, locoregional relapse and second breast cancer using Cox proportional hazards models. Additionally, we explored the p.I157T-associated genomic gene expression profile using data from breast tumors of 183 Finnish female breast cancer patients (ten p.I157T carriers) (GEO: GSE24450). Differential gene expression analysis was performed using a moderated t test. Functional enrichment was investigated using the DAVID functional annotation tool and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). The tumors were classified into molecular subtypes according to the St Gallen 2013 criteria and the PAM50 gene expression signature. RESULTS: P.I157T was not associated with increased risk of early death, breast cancer-associated death or distant metastasis relapse, and there was a significant difference in prognosis associated with the two CHEK2 mutations, p.I157T and c.1100delC. Furthermore, p.I157T was associated with lobular histological type and clinico-pathological markers of good prognosis, such as ER and PR expression, low TP53 expression and low grade. Gene expression analysis suggested luminal A to be the most common subtype for p.I157T carriers and CDH1 (cadherin 1) target genes to be significantly enriched among genes, whose expression differed between p.I157T and non-carrier tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Our analyses suggest that there are fundamental differences in breast tumors of CHEK2:p.I157T and c.1100delC carriers. The poor prognosis associated with c.1100delC cannot be generalized to other CHEK2 mutations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Quinase do Ponto de Checagem 2/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Códon , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Estudos de Associação Genética , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Transcriptoma
12.
J Med Genet ; 53(12): 800-811, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27595995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rarity of mutations in PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM make it difficult to estimate precisely associated cancer risks. Population-based family studies have provided evidence that at least some of these mutations are associated with breast cancer risk as high as those associated with rare BRCA2 mutations. We aimed to estimate the relative risks associated with specific rare variants in PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM via a multicentre case-control study. METHODS: We genotyped 10 rare mutations using the custom iCOGS array: PALB2 c.1592delT, c.2816T>G and c.3113G>A, CHEK2 c.349A>G, c.538C>T, c.715G>A, c.1036C>T, c.1312G>T, and c.1343T>G and ATM c.7271T>G. We assessed associations with breast cancer risk (42 671 cases and 42 164 controls), as well as prostate (22 301 cases and 22 320 controls) and ovarian (14 542 cases and 23 491 controls) cancer risk, for each variant. RESULTS: For European women, strong evidence of association with breast cancer risk was observed for PALB2 c.1592delT OR 3.44 (95% CI 1.39 to 8.52, p=7.1×10-5), PALB2 c.3113G>A OR 4.21 (95% CI 1.84 to 9.60, p=6.9×10-8) and ATM c.7271T>G OR 11.0 (95% CI 1.42 to 85.7, p=0.0012). We also found evidence of association with breast cancer risk for three variants in CHEK2, c.349A>G OR 2.26 (95% CI 1.29 to 3.95), c.1036C>T OR 5.06 (95% CI 1.09 to 23.5) and c.538C>T OR 1.33 (95% CI 1.05 to 1.67) (p≤0.017). Evidence for prostate cancer risk was observed for CHEK2 c.1343T>G OR 3.03 (95% CI 1.53 to 6.03, p=0.0006) for African men and CHEK2 c.1312G>T OR 2.21 (95% CI 1.06 to 4.63, p=0.030) for European men. No evidence of association with ovarian cancer was found for any of these variants. CONCLUSIONS: This report adds to accumulating evidence that at least some variants in these genes are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer that is clinically important.


Assuntos
Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Quinase do Ponto de Checagem 2/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proteína do Grupo de Complementação N da Anemia de Fanconi , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Risco
13.
Int J Cancer ; 139(12): 2760-2770, 2016 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27542569

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous disease, and different tumor characteristics and genetic variation may affect the clinical outcome. The FANCM c.5101C > T nonsense mutation in the Finnish population associates with increased risk of breast cancer, especially for triple-negative breast cancer patients. To investigate the association of the mutation with disease prognosis, we studied tumor phenotype, treatment outcome, and patient survival in 3,933 invasive breast cancer patients, including 101 FANCM c.5101C > T mutation carriers and 3,832 non-carriers. We also examined association of the mutation with nuclear immunohistochemical staining of DNA repair markers in 1,240 breast tumors. The FANCM c.5101C > T mutation associated with poor 10-year breast cancer-specific survival (hazard ratio (HR)=1.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.09-2.52, p = 0.018), with a more pronounced survival effect among familial cases (HR = 2.93, 95% CI 1.5-5.76, p = 1.80 × 10-3 ). Poor disease outcome of the carriers was also found among the estrogen receptor (ER) positive subgroup of patients (HR = 1.8, 95% CI 1.09-2.98, p = 0.021). Reduced survival was seen especially among patients who had not received radiotherapy (HR = 3.43, 95% CI 1.6-7.34, p = 1.50 × 10-3 ) but not among radiotherapy treated patients (HR = 1.35, 95% CI 0.82-2.23, p = 0.237). Significant interaction was found between the mutation and radiotherapy (p = 0.040). Immunohistochemical analyses show that c.5101C > T carriers have reduced PAR-activity. Our results suggest that FANCM c.5101C > T nonsense mutation carriers have a reduced breast cancer survival but postoperative radiotherapy may diminish this survival disadvantage.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , DNA Helicases/genética , Mutação Puntual , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Terapia Combinada , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fenótipo , Vigilância da População , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
PLoS One ; 11(5): e0153788, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27149063

RESUMO

Common variation on 14q24.1, close to RAD51B, has been associated with breast cancer: rs999737 and rs2588809 with the risk of female breast cancer and rs1314913 with the risk of male breast cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of RAD51B variants in breast cancer predisposition, particularly in the context of familial breast cancer in Finland. We sequenced the coding region of RAD51B in 168 Finnish breast cancer patients from the Helsinki region for identification of possible recurrent founder mutations. In addition, we studied the known rs999737, rs2588809, and rs1314913 SNPs and RAD51B haplotypes in 44,791 breast cancer cases and 43,583 controls from 40 studies participating in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC) that were genotyped on a custom chip (iCOGS). We identified one putatively pathogenic missense mutation c.541C>T among the Finnish cancer patients and subsequently genotyped the mutation in additional breast cancer cases (n = 5259) and population controls (n = 3586) from Finland and Belarus. No significant association with breast cancer risk was seen in the meta-analysis of the Finnish datasets or in the large BCAC dataset. The association with previously identified risk variants rs999737, rs2588809, and rs1314913 was replicated among all breast cancer cases and also among familial cases in the BCAC dataset. The most significant association was observed for the haplotype carrying the risk-alleles of all the three SNPs both among all cases (odds ratio (OR): 1.15, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.11-1.19, P = 8.88 x 10-16) and among familial cases (OR: 1.24, 95% CI: 1.16-1.32, P = 6.19 x 10-11), compared to the haplotype with the respective protective alleles. Our results suggest that loss-of-function mutations in RAD51B are rare, but common variation at the RAD51B region is significantly associated with familial breast cancer risk.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/fisiologia , Feminino , Finlândia , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Haplótipos/genética , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto
15.
Breast Cancer Res ; 18(1): 22, 2016 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26884359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a non-invasive form of breast cancer. It is often associated with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), and is considered to be a non-obligate precursor of IDC. It is not clear to what extent these two forms of cancer share low-risk susceptibility loci, or whether there are differences in the strength of association for shared loci. METHODS: To identify genetic polymorphisms that predispose to DCIS, we pooled data from 38 studies comprising 5,067 cases of DCIS, 24,584 cases of IDC and 37,467 controls, all genotyped using the iCOGS chip. RESULTS: Most (67 %) of the 76 known breast cancer predisposition loci showed an association with DCIS in the same direction as previously reported for invasive breast cancer. Case-only analysis showed no evidence for differences between associations for IDC and DCIS after considering multiple testing. Analysis by estrogen receptor (ER) status confirmed that loci associated with ER positive IDC were also associated with ER positive DCIS. Analysis of DCIS by grade suggested that two independent SNPs at 11q13.3 near CCND1 were specific to low/intermediate grade DCIS (rs75915166, rs554219). These associations with grade remained after adjusting for ER status and were also found in IDC. We found no novel DCIS-specific loci at a genome wide significance level of P < 5.0x10(-8). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, this study provides the strongest evidence to date of a shared genetic susceptibility for IDC and DCIS. Studies with larger numbers of DCIS are needed to determine if IDC or DCIS specific loci exist.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/genética , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/genética , Ciclina D1/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores Estrogênicos/genética , Receptores de Progesterona/genética
16.
PLoS Genet ; 12(1): e1005816, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26820313

RESUMO

Breast cancer is strongly influenced by hereditary risk factors, a majority of which still remain unknown. Here, we performed a targeted next-generation sequencing of 796 genes implicated in DNA repair in 189 Finnish breast cancer cases with indication of hereditary disease susceptibility and focused the analysis on protein truncating mutations. A recurrent heterozygous mutation (c.904_916del, p.Arg304ValfsTer3) was identified in early DNA damage response gene, MCPH1, significantly associating with breast cancer susceptibility both in familial (5/145, 3.4%, P = 0.003, OR 8.3) and unselected cases (16/1150, 1.4%, P = 0.016, OR 3.3). A total of 21 mutation positive families were identified, of which one-third exhibited also brain tumors and/or sarcomas (P = 0.0007). Mutation carriers exhibited significant increase in genomic instability assessed by cytogenetic analysis for spontaneous chromosomal rearrangements in peripheral blood lymphocytes (P = 0.0007), suggesting an effect for MCPH1 haploinsufficiency on cancer susceptibility. Furthermore, 40% of the mutation carrier tumors exhibited loss of the wild-type allele. These findings collectively provide strong evidence for MCHP1 being a novel breast cancer susceptibility gene, which warrants further investigations in other populations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Adulto , Idade de Início , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto , Feminino , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Haplótipos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem
17.
Oncotarget ; 6(35): 37979-94, 2015 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26317411

RESUMO

In breast cancer, constitutive activation of NF-κB has been reported, however, the impact of genetic variation of the pathway on patient prognosis has been little studied. Furthermore, a combination of genetic variants, rather than single polymorphisms, may affect disease prognosis. Here, in an extensive dataset (n = 30,431) from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium, we investigated the association of 917 SNPs in 75 genes in the NF-κB pathway with breast cancer prognosis. We explored SNP-SNP interactions on survival using the likelihood-ratio test comparing multivariate Cox' regression models of SNP pairs without and with an interaction term. We found two interacting pairs associating with prognosis: patients simultaneously homozygous for the rare alleles of rs5996080 and rs7973914 had worse survival (HRinteraction 6.98, 95% CI=3.3-14.4, P=1.42E-07), and patients carrying at least one rare allele for rs17243893 and rs57890595 had better survival (HRinteraction 0.51, 95% CI=0.3-0.6, P = 2.19E-05). Based on in silico functional analyses and literature, we speculate that the rs5996080 and rs7973914 loci may affect the BAFFR and TNFR1/TNFR3 receptors and breast cancer survival, possibly by disturbing both the canonical and non-canonical NF-κB pathways or their dynamics, whereas, rs17243893-rs57890595 interaction on survival may be mediated through TRAF2-TRAIL-R4 interplay. These results warrant further validation and functional analyses.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , NF-kappa B/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gradação de Tumores , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Clin Cancer Res ; 21(7): 1591-601, 2015 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25589623

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Defective oxidative stress response may increase cancer susceptibility. In tumors, these rescue mechanisms may cause chemo- and radioresistance impacting patient outcome. We previously showed that genetic variation in the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NFE2L2) is associated with breast cancer risk and prognosis. Here we further studied this pathway by investigating Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Five tagging SNPs in the KEAP1 gene were genotyped in 996 breast cancer cases and 880 controls from two Finnish case-control sets. KEAP1 protein expression was studied in 373 invasive breast cancer tumors. RESULTS: rs34197572 genotype TT was associated with increased risk of breast cancer in the KBCP samples [P = 1.8×10(-4); OR, 7.314; confidence interval (CI), 2.185-24.478]. rs11085735 allele A was associated with lower KEAP1 protein expression (P = 0.040; OR,= 3.545) and high nuclear NRF2 expression (P = 0.009; OR, 2.445) and worse survival in all invasive cases (P = 0.023; HR, 1.634). When including treatment data, rs11085735 was associated with recurrence-free survival (RFS; P = 0.020; HR, 1.545) and breast cancer-specific survival (P = 0.016; HR, 1.683) and rs34197572 with overall survival (P = 0.045; HR, 1.304). rs11085735 associated with RFS also among tamoxifen-treated cases (P = 0.003; HR, 3.517). Among radiotherapy-treated cases, overall survival was associated with rs34197572 (P = 0.018; HR, 1.486) and rs8113472 (P = 0.025; HR, 1.455). RFS was associated with rs9676881 (P = 0.024; HR, 1.452) and rs1048290 (P = 0.020; HR, 1.468) among all invasive cases and among estrogen receptor (ER)-positive tamoxifen-treated cases (P = 0.018; HR, 2.407 and P = 0.015; HR, 2.476, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The present findings suggest that the investigated SNPs have effects related to oxidative stress induced by cancer treatment, supporting involvement of the NRF2/KEAP1 pathway in breast cancer susceptibility and patient outcome.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Radioterapia , Fatores de Risco , Moduladores Seletivos de Receptor Estrogênico/uso terapêutico , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico
19.
BMC Cancer ; 14: 902, 2014 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25466287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Using a genome-wide approach, we have previously observed an increase in the frequency of rare copy number variants (CNVs) in familial and early-onset breast cancer cases when compared to controls. Moreover, the biological networks of the CNV disrupted genes differed between the two groups. Here, six of the previously observed CNVs were selected for further investigation. Four of these were singletons and disturbed the following genes: DCLRE1C, CASP3, DAB2IP and ITGA9, encoding proteins that are part of the TP53 and ß-estradiol centered network. The two others were recurrent alleles and disrupted CDH19 and CYP2C19 genes. Of these, CDH19 encodes a cadherin functioning as a cell-cell adhesion receptor and CYP2C19 a CYP450 enzyme with a major function in estrogen catabolism. METHODS: The exact breakpoints of the six previously observed CNV deletion alleles were defined by using qPCR, nested PCR and sequencing. The prevalence of these CNVs was investigated in 842 Northern Finnish breast cancer cases, unselected for family history of cancer and age at disease onset, as well as in 497 healthy female controls by using multiplex PCR. Also the association of the relatively common CDH19 and CYP2C19 deletion alleles with different clinical parameters was studied. RESULTS: No significant differences in the carrier frequencies between cases and controls were found for any of the studied CNVs. However, the deletion in CYP2C19 showed a significant association with triple-negative breast cancer (p=0.021). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that inherited changes in CYP2C19 gene participating in estrogen catabolism have an influence on the molecular subtype of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/enzimologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
N Engl J Med ; 371(6): 497-506, 2014 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25099575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Germline loss-of-function mutations in PALB2 are known to confer a predisposition to breast cancer. However, the lifetime risk of breast cancer that is conferred by such mutations remains unknown. METHODS: We analyzed the risk of breast cancer among 362 members of 154 families who had deleterious truncating, splice, or deletion mutations in PALB2. The age-specific breast-cancer risk for mutation carriers was estimated with the use of a modified segregation-analysis approach that allowed for the effects of PALB2 genotype and residual familial aggregation. RESULTS: The risk of breast cancer for female PALB2 mutation carriers, as compared with the general population, was eight to nine times as high among those younger than 40 years of age, six to eight times as high among those 40 to 60 years of age, and five times as high among those older than 60 years of age. The estimated cumulative risk of breast cancer among female mutation carriers was 14% (95% confidence interval [CI], 9 to 20) by 50 years of age and 35% (95% CI, 26 to 46) by 70 years of age. Breast-cancer risk was also significantly influenced by birth cohort (P<0.001) and by other familial factors (P=0.04). The absolute breast-cancer risk for PALB2 female mutation carriers by 70 years of age ranged from 33% (95% CI, 25 to 44) for those with no family history of breast cancer to 58% (95% CI, 50 to 66) for those with two or more first-degree relatives with breast cancer at 50 years of age. CONCLUSIONS: Loss-of-function mutations in PALB2 are an important cause of hereditary breast cancer, with respect both to the frequency of cancer-predisposing mutations and to the risk associated with them. Our data suggest the breast-cancer risk for PALB2 mutation carriers may overlap with that for BRCA2 mutation carriers. (Funded by the European Research Council and others.).


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/congênito , Genes BRCA2 , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Proteína do Grupo de Complementação N da Anemia de Fanconi , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor ErbB-2/análise , Receptores Estrogênicos/análise , Receptores de Progesterona/análise , Risco , Deleção de Sequência
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...