Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(38): 32588-32596, 2018 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30160109

RESUMO

Today, silicon is the most used material in photovoltaics, with the maximum conversion efficiency getting very close to the Shockley-Queisser limit for single-junction devices. Integrating silicon with higher band-gap ternary III-V absorbers is the path to increase the conversion efficiency. Here, we report on the first monolithic integration of Ga xIn(1- x)P vertical nanowires, and the associated p-n junctions, on silicon by the Au-free template-assisted selective epitaxy (TASE) method. We demonstrate that TASE allows for a high chemical homogeneity of ternary alloys through the nanowires. We then show the influence of doping on the chemical composition and crystal phase, the latter previously attributed to the role of the contact angle in the liquid phase in the vapor-liquid-solid technique. Finally, the emission of the p-n junction is investigated, revealing a shift in the energy of the intraband levels due to the incorporation of dopants. These results clarify some open questions on the effects of doping on ternary III-V nanowire growth and provide the path toward their integration on the silicon platform in order to apply them in next-generation photovoltaic and optoelectronic devices.

2.
ACS Nano ; 12(3): 2169-2175, 2018 03 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29365252

RESUMO

Additional functionalities on semiconductor microchips are progressively important in order to keep up with the ever-increasing demand for more powerful computational systems. Monolithic III-V integration on Si promises to merge mature Si CMOS processing technology with III-V semiconductors possessing superior material properties, e. g., in terms of carrier mobility or band structure (direct band gap). In particular, Si photonics would strongly benefit from an integration scheme for active III-V optoelectronic devices in order to enable low-cost and power-efficient electronic-photonic integrated circuits. We report on room-temperature lasing from AlGaAs/GaAs microdisk cavities monolithically integrated on Si(001) using a selective epitaxial growth technique called template-assisted selective epitaxy. The grown gain material possesses high optical quality without indication of threading dislocations, antiphase boundaries, or twin defects. The devices exhibit single-mode lasing at T < 250 K and lasing thresholds between 2 and 18 pJ/pulse depending on the cavity size (1-3 µm in diameter).

3.
Nano Lett ; 17(4): 2596-2602, 2017 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28334529

RESUMO

Coherent interconnection of quantum bits remains an ongoing challenge in quantum information technology. Envisioned hardware to achieve this goal is based on semiconductor nanowire (NW) circuits, comprising individual NW devices that are linked through ballistic interconnects. However, maintaining the sensitive ballistic conduction and confinement conditions across NW intersections is a nontrivial problem. Here, we go beyond the characterization of a single NW device and demonstrate ballistic one-dimensional (1D) quantum transport in InAs NW cross-junctions, monolithically integrated on Si. Characteristic 1D conductance plateaus are resolved in field-effect measurements across up to four NW-junctions in series. The 1D ballistic transport and sub-band splitting is preserved for both crossing-directions. We show that the 1D modes of a single injection terminal can be distributed into multiple NW branches. We believe that NW cross-junctions are well-suited as cross-directional communication links for the reliable transfer of quantum information as required for quantum computational systems.

4.
Small ; 13(16)2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28160408

RESUMO

SiGeSn ternaries are grown on Ge-buffered Si wafers incorporating Si or Sn contents of up to 15 at%. The ternaries exhibit layer thicknesses up to 600 nm, while maintaining a high crystalline quality. Tuning of stoichiometry and strain, as shown by means of absorption measurements, allows bandgap engineering in the short-wave infrared range of up to about 2.6 µm. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence experiments indicate ternaries near the indirect-to-direct bandgap transition, proving their potential for ternary-based light emitters in the aforementioned optical range. The ternaries' layer relaxation is also monitored to explore their use as strain-relaxed buffers, since they are of interest not only for light emitting diodes investigated in this paper but also for many other optoelectronic and electronic applications. In particular, the authors have epitaxially grown a GeSn/SiGeSn multiquantum well heterostructure, which employs SiGeSn as barrier material to efficiently confine carriers in GeSn wells. Strong room temperature light emission from fabricated light emitting diodes proves the high potential of this heterostructure approach.

5.
ACS Nano ; 11(3): 2554-2560, 2017 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28225591

RESUMO

GaSb nanostructures integrated on Si substrates are of high interest for p-type transistors and mid-IR photodetectors. Here, we investigate the metalorganic chemical vapor deposition and properties of GaSb nanostructures monolithically integrated onto silicon-on-insulator wafers using template-assisted selective epitaxy. A high degree of morphological control allows for GaSb nanostructures with critical dimensions down to 20 nm. Detailed investigation of growth parameters reveals that the GaSb growth rate is governed by the desorption processes of an Sb surface layer and, in turn, is insensitive to changes in material transport efficiency. The GaSb crystal structure is typically zinc-blende with a low density of rotational twin defects, and even occasional twin-free structures are observed. Hall/van der Pauw measurements are conducted on 20 nm-thick GaSb nanostructures, revealing high hole mobility of 760 cm2/(V s), which matches literature values for high-quality bulk GaSb crystals. Finally, we demonstrate a process that enables cointegration of GaSb and InAs nanostructures in close vicinity on Si, a preferred material combination ideally suited for high-performance complementary III-V metal-oxide-semiconductor technology.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 7(1): 62-7, 2015 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25531887

RESUMO

We present the epitaxial growth of Ge and Ge0.94Sn0.06 layers with 1.4% and 0.4% tensile strain, respectively, by reduced pressure chemical vapor deposition on relaxed GeSn buffers and the formation of high-k/metal gate stacks thereon. Annealing experiments reveal that process temperatures are limited to 350 °C to avoid Sn diffusion. Particular emphasis is placed on the electrical characterization of various high-k dielectrics, as 5 nm Al2O3, 5 nm HfO2, or 1 nmAl2O3/4 nm HfO2, on strained Ge and strained Ge0.94Sn0.06. Experimental capacitance-voltage characteristics are presented and the effect of the small bandgap, like strong response of minority carriers at applied field, are discussed via simulations.

7.
Nanotechnology ; 25(13): 135203, 2014 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24595060

RESUMO

Back-gated InAs nanowire field-effect transistors are studied focusing on the formation of intrinsic quantum dots, i.e. dots not intentionally defined by electrodes. Such dots have been studied before, but the suggested explanations for their origin leave some open questions, which are addressed here. Stability diagrams of samples with different doping levels are recorded at electron temperatures below 200 mK, allowing us to estimate the number and size of the dots as well as the type of connection, i.e. in series or in parallel. We discuss several potential physical origins of the dots and conclude that they are most probably induced by potential fluctuations at the nanowire surface. Additionally, we show that via gate voltage and doping, the samples can be tuned to different regimes of Coulomb blockade.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA