Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 19 de 19
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Sep Sci ; 43(12): 2495-2505, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227669

RESUMO

Amphiphilic diblock copolymers consisting of a hydrophobic core containing a polymerized ionic liquid and an outer shell composed of poly(N-isoprolylacrylamide) were investigated by capillary electrophoresis and asymmetrical flow-field flow fractionation. The polymerized ionic liquid comprised poly(2-(1-butylimidazolium-3-yl)ethyl methacrylate tetrafluoroborate) with a constant block length (n = 24), while the length of the poly(N-isoprolylacrylamide) block varied (n = 14; 26; 59; 88). Possible adsorption of the block copolymer on the fused silica capillary, due to alterations in the polymeric conformation upon a change in the temperature (25 and 45 °C), was initially studied. For comparison, the effect of temperature on the copolymer conformation/hydrodynamic size was determined with the aid of asymmetrical flow-field flow fractionation and light scattering. To get more information about the hydrophilic/hydrophobic properties of the synthesized block copolymers, they were used as a pseudostationary phase in electrokinetic chromatography for the separation of some model compounds, that is, benzoates and steroids. Of particular interest was to find out whether a change in the length or concentration of the poly(N-isoprolylacrylamide) block would affect the separation of the model compounds. Overall, our results show that capillary electrophoresis and asymmetrical flow-field flow fractionation are suitable methods for characterizing conformational changes of such diblock copolymers.

2.
Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr ; 1862(2): 183115, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704086

RESUMO

The cell membrane is mainly composed of lipid bilayers with inserted proteins and carbohydrates. Lipid bilayers made of purified or synthetic lipids are widely used for estimating the effect of target compounds on cell membranes. However, the composition of such biomimetic membranes is much simpler than the composition of biological membranes. Interactions between compounds and simple composition biomimetic membranes might not demonstrate the effect of target compounds as precisely as membranes with compositions close to real organisms. Therefore, the aim of our study is to construct biomimetic membrane closely mimicking the state of natural membranes. Liposomes were prepared from lipids extracted from L-α-phosphatidylcholine, Escherichia coli, yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and bovine liver cells through agitation and sonication. They were immobilized onto silicon dioxide (SiO2) sensor surfaces using N-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid buffer with calcium chloride. The biomimetic membranes were successfully immobilized onto the SiO2 sensor surface and detected by nanoplasmonic sensing. The immobilized membranes were exposed to choline carboxylates. The membrane disruption effect was, as expected, more pronounced with increasing carbohydrate chain length of the carboxylates. The results correlated with the toxicity values determined using Vibrio fischeri bacteria. The yeast extracted lipid membranes had the strongest response to introduction of choline laurate while the bovine liver lipid extracted liposomes were the most sensitive towards the shorter choline carboxylates. This implies that the composition of the cell membrane plays a crucial role upon interaction with choline carboxylates, and underlines the necessity of testing membrane systems of different origin to obtain an overall image of such interactions.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Colina/análogos & derivados , Lipossomos/química , Lipídeos de Membrana/química , Animais , Bovinos , Membrana Celular/química , Saccharomyces cerevisiae
3.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 14815, 2018 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30287903

RESUMO

Our study demonstrates that nanoplasmonic sensing (NPS) can be utilized for the determination of the phase transition temperature (Tm) of phospholipids. During the phase transition, the lipid bilayer undergoes a conformational change. Therefore, it is presumed that the Tm of phospholipids can be determined by detecting conformational changes in liposomes. The studied lipids included 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC). Liposomes in gel phase are immobilized onto silicon dioxide sensors and the sensor cell temperature is increased until passing the Tm of the lipid. The results show that, when the system temperature approaches the Tm, a drop of the NPS signal is observed. The breakpoints in the temperatures are 22.5 °C, 41.0 °C, and 55.5 °C for DMPC, DPPC, and DSPC, respectively. These values are very close to the theoretical Tm values, i.e., 24 °C, 41.4 °C, and 55 °C for DMPC, DPPC, and DSPC, respectively. Our studies prove that the NPS methodology is a simple and valuable tool for the determination of the Tm of phospholipids.


Assuntos
Transição de Fase , Fosfolipídeos/química , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/métodos , Temperatura de Transição , Lipossomos/química
4.
Langmuir ; 34(20): 5889-5900, 2018 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29715032

RESUMO

Nanoplasmonic sensing (NPS), based on localized surface plasmon resonance, with sensors composed of glass covered with golden nanodisks and overlaid with a SiO2 coating was applied in this study. Egg phosphatidylcholine (eggPC), being an easily accessible membrane-forming lipid, was used for preparation of biomimicking membranes. Small unilamellar vesicles with an approximate hydrodynamic diameter of 30 nm, formed by sonication in 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazine-1-ethanesulfonic acid buffer, were adsorbed within 10 min on the sensor surface either as intact vesicles or as a planar bilayer. The adsorbed biomembrane systems were further utilized for interaction studies with four different well-known surfactants (negatively and positively charged, zwitterionic, and nonionic) and each surfactant was tested at concentrations below and above the critical micelle concentration (CMC). Our results allowed the evaluation of different NPS patterns for every particular supported membrane system, surfactant, and its concentration. The most significant effect on the membrane was achieved upon the introduction of zwitterionic surfactant micelles, which in fact completely solubilized and removed the lipid membranes from the sensor surface. Other surfactant micelles interacted with the membranes and formed mixed structures remaining on the sensor surface. The studies performed at the concentrations below the CMCs of the surfactants showed that different mixed systems were formed. Depending on the supported membrane system and the type of surfactant, the mixed systems indicated different formation kinetics. Additionally, the final water rinse revealed the stability of the formed systems. To investigate the effect of the studied surfactants on the overall surface charge of the biomembrane, capillary electrophoresis (CE) experiments were carried out in parallel with the NPS analysis. The electroosmotic flow mobility of an eggPC-coated fused silica capillary was used to measure the total surface charge of the biomembrane after its treatment with the surfactants. Our results indicated in general good correlation between CE and NPS data. However, some discrepancies were seen while applying either zwitterionic or positively charged surfactants. This confirmed that CE analysis was able to provide additional data about the investigated systems. Taken together, the combination of NPS and CE proved to be an efficient way to describe the nature of interactions between biomimicking membranes and amphiphilic molecules.


Assuntos
Técnicas Citológicas/métodos , Eletroforese Capilar , Fosfatidilcolinas/química , Tensoativos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Micelas , Dióxido de Silício/química , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície
5.
Chemistry ; 24(11): 2669-2680, 2018 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29265502

RESUMO

This study aims at extending the understanding of the toxicity mechanism of ionic liquids (ILs) using various analytical methods and cytotoxicity assays. The cytotoxicity of eight ILs and one zwitterionic compound was determined using mammalian and bacterial cells. The time dependency of the IL toxicity was assessed using human corneal epithelial cells. Hemolysis was performed using human red blood cells and the results were compared with destabilization data of synthetic liposomes upon addition of ILs. The effect of the ILs on the size and zeta potential of liposomes revealed information on changes in the lipid bilayer. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to study the penetration of the ILs into the lipid bilayer. Pulsed field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to determine whether the ILs occurred as unimers, micelles, or if they were bound to liposomes. The results show that the investigated ILs can be divided into three groups based on the cytotoxicity mechanism: cell wall disrupting ILs, ILs exerting toxicity through both cell wall penetration and metabolic alteration, and ILs affecting solely on cell metabolism.


Assuntos
Líquidos Iônicos/química , Lipossomos/química , Aliivibrio fischeri/efeitos dos fármacos , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Linhagem Celular , Difusão Dinâmica da Luz , Epitélio Anterior/citologia , Epitélio Anterior/efeitos dos fármacos , Epitélio Anterior/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/citologia , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Líquidos Iônicos/toxicidade , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
6.
Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr ; 1859(12): 2361-2372, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28912102

RESUMO

The present work aims at studying the interactions between cholesterol-rich phosphatidylcholine-based lipid vesicles and trioctylmethylphosphonium acetate ([P8881][OAc]), a biomass dissolving ionic liquid (IL). The effect of cholesterol was assayed by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and nanoplasmonic sensing (NPS) measurement techniques. Cholesterol-enriched dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine vesicles were exposed to different concentrations of the IL, and the derived membrane perturbation was monitored by DSC. The calorimetric data could suggest that the binding and infiltration of the IL are delayed in the vesicles containing cholesterol. To clarify our findings, NPS was applied to quantitatively follow the resistance of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine incorporating 0, 10, and 50mol% of cholesterol toward the IL exposure over time. The membrane perturbation induced by different concentrations of IL was found to be a concentration dependent process on cholesterol-free lipid vesicles. Moreover, our results showed that lipid depletion in cholesterol-enriched lipid vesicles is inversely proportional to the increasing amount of cholesterol in the vesicles. These findings support that cholesterol-rich lipid bilayers are less susceptible toward membrane disrupting agents as compared to membranes that do not incorporate any sterols. This probably occurs because cholesterol tightens the phospholipid acyl chain packing of the plasma membranes, increasing their resistance and reducing their permeability.


Assuntos
Colesterol/química , Líquidos Iônicos/química , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química , Compostos Organofosforados/química , 1,2-Dipalmitoilfosfatidilcolina/química , Aliivibrio fischeri/efeitos dos fármacos , Aliivibrio fischeri/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Fosfatidilcolinas/química
7.
Cornea ; 36(10): 1249-1255, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28825921

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Most pure glaucoma drugs (pGDs) are hydrophobic substances intended to reduce elevated intraocular pressure. The aims of our study were to determine the toxicity of pGDs (brimonidine tartrate, brinzolamide, latanoprost, timolol maleate, and pilocarpine hydrochloride) on ocular surface cells and to establish whether their toxicity is subsequent to cellular membrane destabilization. METHODS: The toxicity of clinically efficient doses of pGDs was measured at different time points in a cell culture of human corneal epithelial cells using a redox indicator. pGD interaction with the plasma membrane was analyzed using a hemolysis assay and liposome electrokinetic chromatography. The capacity of pGDs to induce endoplasmic reticulum stress was investigated by immunoblotting. RESULTS: The toxicity assay showed that all pGDs decrease the viability of the epithelial cells to variable degrees. Early toxicity was measured for 4% pilocarpine and 0.15% brimonidine with 60% cell death at 4 hours, whereas 2% pilocarpine and 0.005% latanoprost showed almost 100% toxicity but only after 16 hours. The hemolysis assay and liposome electrokinetic chromatography experiments suggested that interaction between pGDs and lipid membranes is weak and cannot explain cell death through lysis. Immunoblotting revealed that the drugs activate endoplasmic reticulum stress and, with the exception of pilocarpine, have the capacity to induce apoptosis through upregulation of C/EBP homologous protein. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that all studied pGDs decrease the viability of the corneal epithelial cells, but none of the tested compounds were able to destabilize cellular membranes. The pGDs seem to be internalized and can induce apoptosis through C/EBP homologous protein recruitment.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/toxicidade , Epitélio Anterior/efeitos dos fármacos , Glaucoma/tratamento farmacológico , Pressão Intraocular/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipídeos de Membrana/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Tartarato de Brimonidina/toxicidade , Linhagem Celular , Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Eletroforese Capilar , Epitélio Anterior/metabolismo , Humanos , Latanoprosta , Lipossomos/metabolismo , Hipertensão Ocular/tratamento farmacológico , Pilocarpina/toxicidade , Prostaglandinas F Sintéticas/toxicidade , Sulfonamidas/toxicidade , Tiazinas/toxicidade , Timolol/toxicidade
8.
Biomacromolecules ; 18(9): 2767-2776, 2017 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28724292

RESUMO

Coating of colloidal lignin particles (CLPs), or lignin nanoparticles (LNPs), with proteins was evaluated in order to establish a safe, self-assembly mediated modification technique to tune their surface chemistry. Gelatin and poly- l-lysine formed the most pronounced protein corona on the CLP surface, as determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential measurements. Spherical morphology of individual protein coated CLPs was confirmed by transmission electron (TEM) and atomic force (AFM) microscopy. A mechanistic adsorption study with several random coiled and globular model proteins was carried out using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D). The three-dimensional (3D) protein fold structure and certain amino acid interactions were decisive for the protein adsorption on the lignin surface. The main driving forces for protein adsorption were electrostatic, hydrophobic, and van der Waals interactions, and hydrogen bonding. The relative contributions of these interactions were highly dependent on the ionic strength of the surrounding medium. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) provided further evidence of the adsorption-enhancing role of specific amino acid residues such as serine and proline. These results have high impact on the utilization of lignin as colloidal particles in biomedicine and biodegradable materials, as the protein corona enables tailoring of the CLP surface chemistry for intended applications.


Assuntos
Coloides/química , Conalbumina/química , Gelatina/química , Lignina/química , Nanopartículas/química , Adsorção , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Concentração Osmolar , Polilisina/química , Conformação Proteica
9.
Langmuir ; 33(4): 1066-1076, 2017 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28068104

RESUMO

Owing to their unique properties and unlimited structural combinations, the ubiquitous use of ionic liquids (ILs) is steadily increasing. The objective of the present work is to shed light onto the effects of amidinium- and phosphonium-based ILs on phospholipid vesicles using a nanoplasmonic sensing measurement technique. A new and relatively simple method was developed for the immobilization of large unilamellar vesicles on two different hydrophilic surfaces composed of titanium dioxide and silicon nitride nanolayers. Among the pretreatment conditions studied, vesicle attachment on both substrate materials was achieved with HEPES buffer in the presence of sodium hydroxide and calcium chloride. To get an understanding of how ILs interact with intact vesicles or with supported lipid bilayers, the ILs 1,5-diazabicyclo(4.3.0)non-5-enium acetate ([DBNH][OAc]), tributyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium acetate ([P14444][OAc]), and tributylmethylphosphonium acetate ([P4441][OAc]) were introduced into the biomimetic system, and the characteristics of their interactions with the immobilized vesicles were determined. Depending on the IL, in situ real-time IL binding and/or phospholipid removal processes were observed. Although [DBNH][OAc] did not have any significant effect on the phospholipid vesicles, the strongest and the most significant effect was observed with [P14444][OAc]. The latter caused clear changes in the phospholipid bilayer: the ILs interacted with the bilayers, resulting in deformation of the vesicles most probably due to the formation of vesicle-IL aggregates. Only a mild effect was observed when [P4441][OAc], at a very high concentration, was exposed to the intact vesicles. In general, these results led to new insights into the effects of ILs on phospholipid vesicles, which are of great importance to the overall understanding of the harmfulness of ILs on biomembranes and biomimicking systems. In addition, the present work highlights the pivotal role of this highly surface-sensitive indirect biosensing technique in scrutinizing and dissecting the integrity and architecture of phospholipid vesicles in the nanoscale range.


Assuntos
Líquidos Iônicos/química , Nanotecnologia , Fosfolipídeos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Fosfatidilcolinas/química , Titânio/química , Lipossomas Unilamelares/química
10.
Chem Phys Lipids ; 201: 59-66, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27836694

RESUMO

The effects of ionic liquids on model phospholipid membranes were studied by small-angle X-ray scattering, dynamic light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential measurements. Multilamellar 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine liposomes and large unilamellar vesicles composed of l-α-phosphatidylcholine (eggPC) and l-α-phosphatidylglycerol (eggPG) (80:20mol%) or eggPC, eggPG, and cholesterol (60:20:20mol%) were used as biomimicking membrane models. The effects of the phosphonium-based ionic liquids: tributylmethylphosphonium acetate, trioctylmethylphosphonium acetate, tributyl(tetradecyl)-phosphonium acetate, and tributyl(tetradecyl)-phosphonium chloride, were compared to those of 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium acetate. With multilamellar vesicles, the ionic liquids that did not disrupt liposomes decreased the lamellar spacing as a function of concentration. The magnitude of the effect depended on concentration for all studied ionic liquids. Using large unilamellar vesicles, first a slight decrease in the vesicle size, then aggregation of vesicles was observed by DLS for increasing ionic liquid concentrations. At concentrations just below those that caused aggregation of liposomes, large unilamellar vesicles were coated by ionic liquid cations, evidenced by a change in their zeta potential. The ability of phosphonium-based ionic liquids to affect liposomes is related to the length of the hydrocarbon chains in the cation. Generally, the ability of ionic liquids to disrupt liposomes goes hand in hand with inducing disorder in the phospholipid membrane. However, trioctylmethylphosphonium acetate selectively extracted and induced a well-ordered lamellar structure in phospholipids from disrupted cholesterol-containing large unilamellar vesicles. This kind of effect was not seen with any other combination of ionic liquids and liposomes.


Assuntos
Líquidos Iônicos/química , Lipossomos/química , Compostos Organofosforados/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Colesterol/química , Difusão Dinâmica da Luz , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Lipossomas Unilamelares/química , Difração de Raios X
11.
Electrophoresis ; 37(2): 363-71, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26464098

RESUMO

The use of bare fused silica capillary in CE can sometimes be inconvenient due to undesirable effects including adsorption of sample or instability of the EOF. This can often be avoided by coating the inner surface of the capillary. In this work, we present and characterize two novel polyelectrolyte coatings (PECs) poly(2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl trimethylammonium iodide) (PMOTAI) and poly(3-methyl-1-(4-vinylbenzyl)-imidazolium chloride) (PIL-1) for CE. The coated capillaries were studied using a series of aqueous buffers of varying pH, ionic strength, and composition. Our results show that the investigated polyelectrolytes are usable as semi-permanent (physically adsorbed) coatings with at least five runs stability before a short coating regeneration is necessary. Both PECs showed a considerably decreased stability at pH 11.0. The EOF was higher using Good's buffers than with sodium phosphate buffer at the same pH and ionic strength. The thickness of the PEC layers studied by quartz crystal microbalance was 0.83 and 0.52 nm for PMOTAI and PIL-1, respectively. The hydrophobicity of the PEC layers was determined by analysis of a homologous series of alkyl benzoates and expressed as the distribution constants. Our result demonstrates that both PECs had comparable hydrophobicity, which enabled separation of compounds with log Po/w > 2. The ability to separate cationic drugs was shown with ß-blockers, compounds often misused in doping. Both coatings were also able to separate hydrolysis products of the ionic liquid 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene acetate at highly acidic conditions, where bare fused silica capillaries failed to accomplish the separation.


Assuntos
Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Metilmetacrilatos/química , Poliaminas/química , Polivinil/química , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/química , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/isolamento & purificação , Hidrólise , Imidazóis/química , Líquidos Iônicos/química , Líquidos Iônicos/isolamento & purificação , Concentração Osmolar
12.
Analyst ; 140(9): 3175-82, 2015 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25751597

RESUMO

In this work, a method to study and analyze the interaction data in free solution by exploiting partial filling affinity capillary electrophoresis (PF-ACE) followed by adsorption energy distribution calculations (AED) prior model fit to adsorption isotherms will be demonstrated. PF-ACE-AED approach allowed the possibility to distinguish weak and strong interactions of the binding processes between the most common apolipoprotein E protein isoforms (apoE2, apoE3, apoE4) of high density lipoprotein (HDL) and apoE-containing HDL2 with major glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chain of proteoglycans (PGs), chondroitin-6-sulfate (C6S). The AED analysis clearly revealed the heterogeneity of the binding processes. The major difference was that they were heterogeneous with two different adsorption sites for apoE2 and apoE4 isoforms, whereas interestingly for apoE3 and apoE-containing HDL2, the binding was homogeneous (one site) adsorption process. Moreover, our results allowed the evaluation of differences in the binding process strengths giving the following order with C6S: apoE-containing HDL2 > apoE2 > apoE4 > apoE3. In addition, the affinity constant values determined could be compared with those obtained in our previous studies for the interactions between apoE isoforms and another important GAG chain of PGs - dermatan sulfate (DS). The success of the combination of AED calculations prior to non-linear adsorption isotherm model fit with PF-ACE when the concentration range was extended, confirmed the power of the system in the clarification of the heterogeneity of biological processes studied.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas E/metabolismo , Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas/métodos , Adsorção , Apolipoproteínas E/isolamento & purificação , Ligação Proteica , Isoformas de Proteínas/isolamento & purificação , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo
13.
J Sep Sci ; 36(6): 1070-7, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23420559

RESUMO

[2-(Methacryloyl)oxyethyl]trimethylammonium chloride was successfully polymerized by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization method on the inner surface of fused-silica capillaries resulting in a covalently bound poly([2-(methacryloyl)oxyethyl]trimethylammonium chloride) coating. The coated capillaries provided in capillary electrophoresis an excellent run-to-run repeatability, capillary-to-capillary and day-to-day reproducibility. The capillaries worked reliably over 1 month with EOF repeatability below 0.5%. The positively charged coated capillaries were successfully applied to the capillary electrophoretic separation of three standard proteins and five ß-blockers with the separation efficiencies ranging from 132,000 to 303,000 plates/m, and from 82,000 to 189,000 plates/m, respectively. In addition, challenging high- and low-density lipoprotein particles could be separated. The hydrodynamic sizes of free polymer chains in buffers used in the capillary electrophoretic experiments were measured for the characterization of the coatings.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/isolamento & purificação , Cátions/química , Eletrólitos/química , Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Proteínas/isolamento & purificação , Dióxido de Silício/química , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/química , Animais , Galinhas , Eletroforese Capilar/instrumentação , Cavalos , Humanos , Polimerização , Proteínas/química , Suínos
14.
Analyst ; 136(18): 3777-82, 2011 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21789315

RESUMO

Collagen, the major component of extracellular matrix (ECM) and the most abundant protein in the human body, is implicated in the development of atherosclerosis. Collagen types I and III were immobilized on fused-silica capillary to investigate their shape, size and structure by atomic force microscopy (AFM). For comparison, collagen was also immobilized on a mica surface. Our studies demonstrated that not only does the adsorption pattern on the substrate vary with the type of collagen, but also the substrate material plays an important role in the fibril formation process. Decorin, which promotes the binding of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles with collagen, was investigated for its effect on the fibrillogenesis. On both substrate materials, addition of decorin clearly reduced the fibril diameter of collagen surfaces. Moreover, a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM)-based biosensor approach was applied to clarify and evaluate the affinity of different collagen coatings immobilized on a silicon dioxide sensor chip toward apolipoprotein B-100, the major protein of LDL. The results confirmed the importance of collagen type and their fibrillogenesis on the binding of the positive residues of apolipoprotein B-100 on negatively charged collagen surfaces.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteína B-100/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo III/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Decorina/metabolismo , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Técnicas de Microbalança de Cristal de Quartzo , Colágeno Tipo I/química , Colágeno Tipo III/química , Decorina/química , Humanos , Proteínas Imobilizadas/química , Proteínas Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Dióxido de Silício/química , Propriedades de Superfície
15.
J Sep Sci ; 33(16): 2528-35, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20603841

RESUMO

Entrapment of lipoprotein particles in the extracellular matrix of the arterial intima is a characteristic feature of the development of atherosclerosis, the disease behind myocardial infarction and stroke. In this study, sugars were exploited in the separation of lipoproteins by CE. Monosaccharides, disaccharides and one sugar alcohol used during ultracentrifugal isolation of lipoproteins prevented the strong and unfavorable adsorption of lipoprotein particles on the capillary wall, allowing their selective separation in uncoated fused silica capillary. The effect of ionic strength of the phosphate BGE solution on the separation at physiological pH was clarified. Asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation and dynamic light scattering showed that sugars affected the structure of lipoproteins by decreasing their sizes. Although in molecular dynamics simulations, only a 19 amino acid peptide of apolipoprotein B-100 and a 15 amino acid peptide of apolipoprotein E were employed, the results also indicated a decrease in lipoprotein size, supporting the asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation and dynamic light scattering results.


Assuntos
Dissacarídeos/química , Lipoproteínas/isolamento & purificação , Monossacarídeos/química , Álcoois Açúcares/química , Adsorção , Eletroforese Capilar , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
16.
Anal Chim Acta ; 664(2): 185-9, 2010 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20363402

RESUMO

Diabetes, a multifunctional disease and a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the industrialized countries, strongly associates with the development and progression of atherosclerosis. One of the consequences of high level of glucose in the blood circulation is glycation of long-lived proteins, such as collagen I, the most abundant component of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the arterial wall. Glycation is a long-lasting process that involves the reaction between a carbonyl group of the sugar and an amino group of the protein, usually a lysine residue. This reaction generates an Amadori product that may evolve in advanced glycation end products (AGEs). AGEs, as reactive molecules, can provoke cross-linking of collagen I fibrils. Since binding of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) to the ECM of the inner layer of the arterial wall, the intima, has been implicated to be involved in the onset of the development of an atherosclerotic plaque, collagen modifications, which can affect the affinity of native and oxidized LDL for collagen I, can promote the entrapment of LDLs in the intima and accelerate the progression of atherosclerosis. In this study, open tubular capillary electrochromatography is proposed as a new microreactor to study in situ glycation of collagen I. The kinetics of glycation was first investigated in a fused silica collagen I-coated capillary. Dimethyl sulphoxide, injected as an electroosmotic flow marker, gave information about the charge of coating. Native and oxidized LDL, and selected peptide fragments from apolipoprotein B-100, the protein covering LDL particles, were injected as marker compounds to clarify the interactions between LDLs and the glycated collagen I coating. The method proposed is simple and inexpensive, since only small amounts of collagen and LDL are required. Atomic force microscopy images complemented our studies, highlighting the difference between unmodified and glycated collagen I surfaces.


Assuntos
Eletrocromatografia Capilar/métodos , Colágeno/química , Lipoproteínas LDL/química , Apolipoproteína B-100/química , Apolipoproteína B-100/metabolismo , Colágeno/análise , Humanos , Cinética , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/isolamento & purificação , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Peptídeos/química
17.
Anal Biochem ; 399(1): 93-101, 2010 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19932676

RESUMO

Human plasma lipoproteins have strong hydrophobic interactions with steroids and their fatty acyl derivatives such as estradiol fatty acyl esters. In this work, affinity capillary electrophoresis with the partial filling technique was applied to study the hydrophobic interactions between lipoproteins, which are nanometer-sized particles, and nonconjugated steroids. The capillaries were first rinsed with one of two novel poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP)-based cationic copolymers that were strongly adsorbed onto the fused-silica surface via electrostatic interactions. This surface treatment greatly suppressed the adsorption of lipoproteins. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles were then employed in the coated capillaries as pseudostationary phase in the partial filling mode. The changes in corrected migration times of steroids increased linearly with the filling time of the lipoproteins. The affinity constants between the steroids and lipoproteins were calculated, and the most hydrophobic steroid studied, progesterone, had stronger affinity than testosterone or androstenedione toward both LDL and HDL. Affinity between steroids and LDL was stronger than that between steroids and HDL. Interactions between the steroids and lipoproteins were mainly nonspecific with particle lipid components, whereas some were site specific with the apolipoproteins. The developed technique has great potential for determination of the affinity of various compounds toward lipoproteins.


Assuntos
Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Lipoproteínas/química , Polímeros/química , Povidona/química , Esteroides/química , Androstenodiona/química , Cátions/química , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lipoproteínas/sangue , Lipoproteínas/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas HDL/química , Lipoproteínas HDL/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/química , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Progesterona/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Testosterona/química
18.
Electrophoresis ; 30(22): 3939-46, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19885886

RESUMO

A new simple and fast noncovalent coating method based on poly(1-vinylpyrrolidone-co-2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) copolymer was developed for CE. Merely 2 min flushing of the capillary with the poly(1-vinylpyrrolidone-co-2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) copolymer was required. The copolymer is adsorbed onto the fused-silica surface by hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions. EOF was almost totally suppressed over a wide pH range. The coating conditions (flushing time, copolymer concentration, and the concentration and pH of background electrolyte solution) and the stability of the coating were optimized, and the coated capillary was successfully applied to the fast separation of four basic proteins: lysozyme, cytochrome c, ribonuclease A, and alpha-chymotrypsinogen A. Separation efficiencies were high, ranging from 386 000 to 738 000 plates/m at 40 mM pH 4.0 acetate buffer being comparable to values obtained on classical covalent PVP-coated capillary. The RSD of migration times of basic proteins for 200 times successive runs were all below 1.0% (n=200, 3 days). A successful capillary performance was demonstrated also to the separation of low- and high-density lipoproteins at acidic pH.


Assuntos
Eletroforese Capilar/instrumentação , Lipoproteínas/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Proteínas/isolamento & purificação , Pirrolidinonas/química , Adsorção , Animais , Quimotripsinogênio/isolamento & purificação , Citocromos c/isolamento & purificação , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Eletro-Osmose , Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Muramidase/isolamento & purificação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ribonuclease Pancreático/isolamento & purificação
19.
Electrophoresis ; 30(22): 3838-45, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19876963

RESUMO

Collagens I and III are involved in the formation of the extracellular matrix and presumably in the development of several diseases, such as atherosclerosis. In this study, stable collagen and collagen-decorin coatings were prepared on the inner surfaces of fused silica CEC capillaries, enabling study of the interactions between collagen and selected peptide fragments of apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100), the main protein of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles. Interactions of positive, neutral, and negative peptide fragments of apoB-100 were elucidated. The selected positive peptide contains the sequence involved in the interaction of LDL with LDL receptor and proteoglycans. Retention factors of the peptides that were determined without any voltage, by exploiting pressure, gave numerical information about interactions with the collagen coatings. The inclusion of decorin in the coatings confirmed the importance of glycosaminoglycans in mediating the interactions between collagens and apoB-100 peptide fragments. The studies support earlier findings that collagens I and III take part in the retention of LDL particles in the intima through binding with a specific positive site on apoB-100. The method developed is simple, but also inexpensive since only small amounts of peptides and collagens are required. Atomic force microscopy images provided valuable information about the topography of collagen and collagen-decorin coatings on the capillary wall.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteína B-100/metabolismo , Eletrocromatografia Capilar/métodos , Colágeno Tipo III/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Proteoglicanas/metabolismo , Decorina , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA