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Yi Chuan ; 41(8): 761-772, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447427


Genetic resources are important national strategic resources. Their preservation, protection and rational utilization form a solid foundation to guarantee national security and to build national competitiveness for the future. Due to a relatively late starting point, China is actively catching up with global peers in storing genetic samples and data. In view of this, in 2011 China approved a plan to build its first nation-level comprehensive gene bank, the China National GeneBank (CNGB), and entrusted BGI-Research to implement its construction and operation. It is China's first gene bank for "reading, writing and storing" bioresources. In this paper, we summarize the development of influential platforms at home and abroad, and focus on CNGB's position, mission, and its structure of "Three Banks and Two Platforms". CNGB launched its official operation in September 2016 and aims to develop a world-class, non-profit and strategic platform that supports science and technology development. It has built capacities to store tens of millions of traceable samples and to analyze handreds of thousanda of WGS each year. It has also set up China's first Pb-level digitalization platform and a high-efficient synthesis platform with a production rate of ten million bases per year. Based on such capacities, CNGB has established its open sharing mechanism for biological samples and data, provided public platform services for life science research, and achieved initial results in supporting innovation and development of the bio-industry.

Bases de Dados Genéticas , Pesquisa , China , Disseminação de Informação