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1.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6674, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335112

RESUMO

Magnonic devices operating at terahertz frequencies offer intriguing prospects for high-speed electronics with minimal energy dissipation However, guiding and manipulating terahertz magnons via external parameters present formidable challenges. Here we report the results of magnetic Raman scattering experiments on the antiferromagnetic spin-orbit Mott insulator Sr2IrO4 under uniaxial stress. We find that the energies of zone-center magnons are extremely stress sensitive: lattice strain of 0.1% increases the magnon energy by 40%. The magnon response is symmetric with respect to the sign of the applied stress (tensile or compressive), but depends strongly on its direction in the IrO2 planes. A theory based on coupling of the spin-orbit-entangled iridium magnetic moments to lattice distortions provides a quantitative explanation of the Raman data and a comprehensive framework for the description of magnon-lattice interactions in magnets with strong spin-orbit coupling. The possibility to efficiently manipulate the propagation of terahertz magnons via external stress opens up multifold design options for reconfigurable magnonic devices.

2.
Adv Mater ; 34(35): e2202971, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35817958

RESUMO

Devices with tunable magnetic noncollinearity are important components of superconducting electronics and spintronics, but they typically require epitaxial integration of several complex materials. The spin-polarized neutron reflectometry measurements on La1-x Srx MnO3 homojunction arrays with modulated Sr concentration reported herein have led to the discovery of magnetic fan structures with highly noncollinear alignment of Mn spins and an emergent periodicity twice as large as the array's unit cell. The neutron data show that these magnetic superstructures can be fully long-range ordered, despite the gradual modulation of the doping level created by charge transfer and chemical intermixing. The degree of noncollinearity can be effectively adjusted by low magnetic fields. Notwithstanding their chemical and structural simplicity, oxide homojunctions thus show considerable promise as a platform for tunable complex magnetism and as a powerful design element of spintronic devices.

3.
Nano Lett ; 19(6): 3634-3640, 2019 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095394

RESUMO

X-ray diffraction is measured on individual bilayer and multilayer graphene single-crystals and combined with electrochemically induced lithium intercalation. In-plane Bragg peaks are observed by grazing incidence diffraction. Focusing the incident beam down to an area of about 10 µm × 10 µm, individual flakes are probed by specular X-ray reflectivity. By deploying a recursive Parratt algorithm to model the experimental data, we gain access to characteristic crystallographic parameters of the samples. Notably, it is possible to directly extract the bi/multilayer graphene c-axis lattice parameter. The latter is found to increase upon lithiation, which we control using an on-chip peripheral electrochemical cell layout. These experiments demonstrate the feasibility of in situ X-ray diffraction on individual, micron-sized single crystallites of few- and bilayer two-dimensional materials.


Assuntos
Grafite/química , Lítio/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Algoritmos , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Difração de Raios X , Raios X
4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(50): 34888-34895, 2016 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27998117

RESUMO

The kinetics of phase transitions during formation of small-scale systems are essential for many applications. However, their experimental observation remains challenging, making it difficult to elucidate the underlying fundamental mechanisms. Here, we combine in situ and real-time synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray reflectivity (XRR) experiments with substrate curvature measurements during deposition of nanoscale Mo and Mo1-xSix films on amorphous Si (a-Si). The simultaneous measurements provide direct evidence of a spontaneous, thickness-dependent amorphous-to-crystalline (a-c) phase transition, associated with tensile stress build-up and surface roughening. This phase transformation is thermodynamically driven, the metastable amorphous layer being initially stabilized by the contributions of surface and interface energies. A quantitative analysis of the XRD data, complemented by simulations of the transformation kinetics, unveils an interface-controlled crystallization process. This a-c phase transition is also dominating the stress evolution. While stress build-up can significantly limit the performance of devices based on nanostructures and thin films, it can also trigger the formation of these structures. The simultaneous in situ access to the stress signal itself, and to its microstructural origins during structure formation, opens new design routes for tailoring nanoscale devices.

5.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 22(1): 91-8, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25537593

RESUMO

A portable ultrahigh-vacuum system optimized for in situ variable-temperature X-ray scattering and spectroscopy experiments at synchrotron radiation beamlines was constructed and brought into operation at the synchrotron radiation facility ANKA of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany. Here the main features of the new instrument are described and its capabilities demonstrated. The surface morphology, structure and stoichiometry of EuSi2 nano-islands are determined by in situ grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. A size reduction of about a factor of two of the nano-islands due to silicide decomposition and Eu desorption is observed after sample annealing at 1270 K for 30 min.

6.
Adv Mater ; 26(2): 258-62, 2014 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24155253

RESUMO

A combined synchrotron X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy study reveals a structural phase transition controlled by the overall thickness of epitaxial nickelate-aluminate superlattices. The transition between uniform and twin-domain states is confined to the nickelate layers and leaves the aluminate layers unaffected.

7.
Nat Mater ; 10(3): 189-93, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21297622

RESUMO

The occupation of d orbitals controls the magnitude and anisotropy of the inter-atomic electron transfer in transition-metal oxides and hence exerts a key influence on their chemical bonding and physical properties. Atomic-scale modulations of the orbital occupation at surfaces and interfaces are believed to be responsible for massive variations of the magnetic and transport properties, but could not thus far be probed in a quantitative manner. Here we show that it is possible to derive quantitative, spatially resolved orbital polarization profiles from soft-X-ray reflectivity data, without resorting to model calculations. We demonstrate that the method is sensitive enough to resolve differences of ~3% in the occupation of Ni e(g) orbitals in adjacent atomic layers of a LaNiO(3)-LaAlO(3) superlattice, in good agreement with ab initio electronic-structure calculations. The possibility to quantitatively correlate theory and experiment on the atomic scale opens up many new perspectives for orbital physics in transition-metal oxides.

8.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 106(28): 11511-4, 2009 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20716512

RESUMO

We explore the different local symmetries in colloidal glasses beyond the standard pair correlation analysis. Using our newly developed X-ray cross correlation analysis (XCCA) concept together with brilliant coherent X-ray sources, we have been able to access and classify the otherwise hidden local order within disorder. The emerging local symmetries are coupled to distinct momentum transfer (Q) values, which do not coincide with the maxima of the amorphous structure factor. Four-, 6-, 10- and, most prevalently, 5-fold symmetries are observed. The observation of dynamical evolution of these symmetries forms a connection to dynamical heterogeneities in glasses, which is far beyond conventional diffraction analysis. The XCCA concept opens up a fascinating view into the world of disorder and will definitely allow, with the advent of free electron X-ray lasers, an accurate and systematic experimental characterization of the structure of the liquid and glass states.


Assuntos
Espalhamento de Radiação , Difração de Raios X/métodos , Raios X , Algoritmos , Cinética , Modelos Teóricos , Fenômenos Físicos , Pesquisa/tendências , Projetos de Pesquisa
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