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1.
Dermatol Pract Concept ; 9(2): 132-138, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31106016

RESUMO

Background/Objectives: Although total body skin examination (TBSE) is the primary screening mechanism for melanoma, there is no consensus on which anatomic sites a screening TBSE should include. We sought to establish which anatomic sites are examined during routine (>90%) TBSEs of patients at high risk for skin cancer. Methods: A Google survey was emailed to 173 international dermatologist skin cancer specialists. Results: More than 75% of participants reported routinely examining the scalp, ears, face and neck, trunk, breasts, inframammary areas, axillae, extremities, palms and soles, nails, interdigital spaces, and buttocks. The least frequently inspected anatomic sites included genitalia, with male genitalia more frequently examined than female (penis n = 39; 52%; labia majora n = 21; 28%; P = 0.003), the perianal region (n = 26; 34.7%), and the ocular conjunctiva and oral mucosa (n = 35; 46.7%). Participants cited not screening these areas because of perceived patient discomfort, low prevalence of malignancy, and the expectation that other specialists examine the area. Conclusions: The role of routine surveillance of neglected anatomic sites is unclear and warrants further discussion weighing potential mortality benefit against the incidence of melanoma in obscure sites, morbidity of intervention in sensitive sites, cost-effectiveness, and potential for patient discomfort.

2.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 80(2): 341-363, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30321581

RESUMO

Dermoscopy is increasingly used by clinicians (dermatologists, family physicians, podiatrists, doctors of osteopathic medicine, etc) to inform clinical management decisions. Dermoscopic findings or images provided to pathologists offer important insight into the clinician's diagnostic and management thought process. However, with limited dermoscopic training in dermatopathology, dermoscopic descriptions and images provided in the requisition form provide little value to pathologists. Most dermoscopic structures have direct histopathologic correlates, and therefore dermoscopy can act as an excellent communication bridge between the clinician and the pathologist. In the first article in this continuing medical education series, we review dermoscopic features and their histopathologic correlates.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Dermoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Educação Médica Continuada , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico
3.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 80(2): 365-377, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30321580

RESUMO

Multiple studies have shown that dermoscopy increases the sensitivity and specificity for the detection of skin cancers compared with examination by the naked eye. Dermoscopy can also lead to the detection of thinner and smaller cancers. In addition, dermoscopy leads to the more precise selection of lesions requiring excision. In essence, dermoscopy helps clinicians differentiate benign from malignant lesions through the presence or absence of specific dermoscopic structures. Therefore, because most dermoscopic structures have direct histopathologic correlates, dermoscopy can allow the prediction of certain histologic findings present in skin cancers, thus helping select management and treatment options for select types of skin cancers. Visualizing dermoscopic structures in the ex vivo specimens can also be beneficial. It can improve the histologic diagnostic accuracy by targeted step-sectioning in areas of concern, which can be marked by the clinician before sending the specimen to the pathologist, or by the pathologist on the excised specimen in the laboratory. In addition, ex vivo dermoscopy can also be used to select tumor areas with genetic importance because some dermoscopic structures have been related to mutations with theragnostic relevance. In the second article in this continuing medical education series, we review the impact of dermoscopy on the diagnostic accuracy of skin cancer, how dermoscopy can affect the histopathologic examination, and which dermoscopic features may be more relevant in terms of histologic and genetic prediction.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Dermoscopia/métodos , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Biópsia por Agulha , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Educação Médica Continuada , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
4.
Dermatol Clin ; 35(4): 417-437, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28886798

RESUMO

Dermoscopy increases the sensitivity for skin cancer detection, decreases the number of benign lesions biopsied for each malignant diagnosis, and enables the diagnosis of thinner melanomas compared with naked eye examination. Multiple meta-analyses have identified that dermoscopy improves the diagnostic accuracy for melanoma when compared with naked eye examination. In addition, studies have established that dermoscopy can aid in the detection of keratinocyte carcinomas. Dermoscopy triage algorithms have been developed to help novices decide when a biopsy or a referral is most appropriate. In this article, the authors illustrate the dermoscopic features that assist in identifying melanoma and keratinocyte carcinomas.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Dermoscopia , Melanoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Algoritmos , Humanos , Ceratoacantoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Ceratose Actínica/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
Dermatol Online J ; 23(9)2017 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29469722

RESUMO

Elastomas are connective tissue nevi or hamartomas. They may occur in isolation or can be associated with familial syndromes such as Buschke-Ollendorff syndrome. Elastomas typically present in childhood as small ivory papules or firm skin-colored nodules that can coalesce into larger yellow plaques. These lesions are typically distributed over the extremities, abdomen, and back. Herein, we report an unusual case of a renal transplant recipient who presented with an acquired subungual papule with associated koilonychia and distal nail plate dystrophy. Histopathologic findings were consistent with subungual elastoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Ânus/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/complicações , Doenças da Unha/complicações , Nevo/complicações , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Unha/patologia , Unhas Malformadas/complicações , Nevo/patologia
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