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1.
Ann Phys Rehabil Med ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes has been considered a major risk factor for peripheral artery disease (PAD). The effect of diabetes on daily physical activity level and cardiovascular function in PAD patients is poorly known. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of diabetes on physical activity level, physical function and cardiovascular health parameters in patients with PAD and claudication symptoms. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 267 PAD patients, 146 without and 121 with diabetes. Physical activity levels were objectively measured by using an accelerometer, and time spent in sedentary (0-100 counts/min), light (101-1040 counts/min) and moderate to vigorous (≥1041 counts/min) physical activity was obtained. Physical function assessment included the 6-min walk test, handgrip strength test and short physical performance battery. Cardiovascular health parameters measured were brachial blood pressure, heart rate variability, and arterial stiffness. RESULTS: Diabetic PAD patients spent more time in sedentary behavior (P=0.001, effect size [ES] 0.234) and less time in light (P=0.003, ES=0.206) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (P<0.001, ES=0.258) than non-diabetic PAD patients. Diabetic PAD patients presented lower 6-min walk distance (P=0.005, ES=0.194) and impaired cardiac autonomic modulation (standard deviation of all NN intervals [SDNN], P<0.001, ES=0.357; square root of the mean of the sum of the squares of differences between adjacent NN intervals [RMSSD], P<0.001, ES=0.280; and NN50 count divided by the total number of all NN intervals [pNN50], P<0.001, ES=0.291) as compared with non-diabetic PAD patients. After adjustment for confounders, diabetes remained associated with sedentary behavior (P=0.011), light (P=0.020) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (P=0.008), 6-min walk distance (P=0.030), SDNN (P<0.001), RMSSD (P=0.004), and PNN50 (P=0.004). CONCLUSION: Diabetic PAD patients presented lower physical activity level, reduced physical function and impaired autonomic modulation as compared with non-diabetic PAD patients.

2.
J Pediatr Surg ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32063368

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Several factors that could influence the efficacy and satisfaction of patients after bilateral thoracic sympathectomy (VATS) in the treatment of hyperhidrosis (HH) have been studied, but no studies in the literature have specifically analyzed the effectiveness of treatment and variations in the quality of life of adolescents patients compared to those of adult patients (18-40 years). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 2431 hyperhidrosis patients who underwent bilateral VATS and divided the patients into the following groups: adolescents (472 patients) and adult group (1760 patients). Variables included quality of life prior to surgery, improvement in quality of life after surgery, clinical improvement in sweating, presence of severe compensatory hyperhidrosis and general satisfaction at one month after surgery. RESULTS: We observed that all surgical patients presented with poor or very poor quality of life before surgery, with similar proportions in both groups. In the postoperative period, we observed improvement in quality of life in more than 90% of the patients, with no significant difference noted between the two groups of patients. We observed that all patients undergoing surgery presented poor or very poor quality of life before surgery; however, the two groups were statistically different. The quality of life of the ADOLESCENT group before surgery was statistically worse than that of the ADULT group. More than 90% of the patients in this series had great clinical improvement in the main hyperhidrosis site, with no significant difference between the two groups. Severe compensatory hyperhidrosis occurred in 23.8% of the patients in this series, with no significant difference between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent patients benefit just as much as adult patients from VATS performed to treat primary hyperhidrosis, presenting excellent, significant surgical results. TYPE OF STUDY: Clinical research. LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Level III.

3.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(4): e013596, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067595

RESUMO

Background Meta-analyses have shown that isometric handgrip training (IHT) can reduce brachial systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) by >6/4 mm Hg, respectively. However, whether IHT promotes these effects among patients with peripheral artery disease, who exhibit severe impairment in cardiovascular function, is currently unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of IHT on the cardiovascular function of patients with peripheral artery disease. Methods and Results A randomized controlled trial with peripheral artery disease patients assigned to either the IHT or control group was conducted. The IHT group performed 3 sessions per week, for 8 weeks, of unilateral handgrip exercises, consisting of 4 sets of isometric contractions for 2 minutes at 30% of maximum voluntary contraction and a 4-minute interval between sets. The control group received a compression ball in order to minimize the placebo effects, representing sham training. The primary outcome was brachial BP. The secondary outcomes were central BP, arterial stiffness parameters, cardiac autonomic modulation, and vascular function. The IHT program reduced diastolic BP (75 [10] mm Hg preintervention versus 72 [11] mm Hg postintervention), with no change in the control group (74 [11] mm Hg preintervention versus 74 [11] mm Hg postintervention), with this between-group difference being significant (P=0.04). Flow-mediated dilation improved in the IHT group (6.0% [5.7] preintervention versus 9.7% [5.5] postintervention), with no change in the control group (7.6% [5.5] preintervention versus 7.4% [5.1] postintervention), with this between-group difference being significant (P=0.04). There was no change in other measured variables over the intervention period. Conclusions IHT reduced brachial diastolic BP and improved local vascular function in patients with peripheral artery disease. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/. Unique identifier: NCT02742220.

4.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the technical aspects and follow-up findings regarding patients with critical limb ischemia who underwent the kissing balloon technique (KBT). METHODS: Thirty patients (34 bifurcations) were enrolled in this retrospective analysis between September 2010 and February 2017. All patients were submitted to infrapopliteal intervention for critical limb ischemia. The KBT is the primary treatment in 3 situations: for cases with >70% stenosis of the main artery located less than 1 cm of the bifurcation, occlusion of one branch with greater than 50% stenosis of the contralateral branch, or greater than 50% bilateral stenosis. Stents were considered in cases of recoil greater than 30% or flow-limiting recoil and were used in 7 of the 34 bifurcations (20.5%). RESULTS: Primary patency at 30 days, 1 year, and 2 years was 100%, 68.1%, and 68.1, respectively. Limb salvage rates at 30 days, 1 year, and 2 years were 100%, 86.6%, and 65.0%, respectively. Wound healing rates at 30 days, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years were 7.1%, 34.4%, 44.5%, and 68.7%, respectively. The bifurcations of the V-shape and T-shape groups were compared in terms of wound healing, primary patency, and limb salvage. No differences were observed in wound healing (P = 0.268), primary patency (P = 0.394), and limb salvage (P = 0.755). CONCLUSIONS: The KBT is a feasible bifurcation approach for infrapopliteal angioplasties to maintain the patency of both branches after ballooning. The comparison between the anterior tibial artery and tibioperoneal trunk bifurcation and the peroneal artery and posterior tibial artery bifurcation revealed no difference in wound healing, primary patency, and limb salvage.

5.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide with approximately 5.7 million cases/year, and carotid atherosclerosis accounts for 10 to 20% of cases. METHODS: In Brazil, the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde [SUS]) is a tax-funded public health care system that provides care for roughly half the population. São Paulo is the eighth largest city in the world with an estimated population of over 12 million people, of whom more than 5 million rely solely on SUS. This study aimed to describe rates of carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) performed between 2008 and 2017 in the city of São Paulo through web scraping of publicly available databases. RESULTS: Three thousand seven hundred and four carotid revascularization procedures were performed between 2008 and 2017, of which 2,432 were CAS (65.7%). Rates of CAS ranged from 59.9% in 2016 to 86% in 2011. There were 57 in-hospital deaths (1.54%), 34 after CAS (1.4%; 34/2,432) and 23 after CEA (1.81%; 23/1,272) (P = 0.562). SUS reimbursements were US $7,862,017.09 (81.44% of all reimbursements) for 2,432 CAS procedures and US $1,792,324.06 (18.56%) for 1,272 CEA procedures. Average SUS reimbursement for CAS (US $3,232.73) was more than double than that for CEA (US $1,409.05). CONCLUSIONS: In a city whose population exceeds that of some European countries, costs of CAS and CEA to the public health care system totaled more than US$ 9 million over 10 years. Epidemiologically, CAS was performed more commonly than CEA with no difference in in-hospital mortality between CAS and CEA, but reimbursements were 2.29 times higher for CAS. The low adoption of CEA in São Paulo is in contrast to countries where utilization rates are higher for CEA than for CAS.

6.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 63: 45-52, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Case studies and reviews have shown that creatine supplementation can affect kidney function. The objective of this study is to verify the effects of 8 weeks of creatine supplementation on renal function (creatinine clearance: primary outcome) in patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients, of both genders, were randomized (1:1) in a double-blind manner for administration of Placebo (PLA; n = 15) or creatine monohydrate (Cr; n = 14). The supplementation protocol consisted of 20 g/day for 1 week divided into 4 equal doses (loading phase), followed by single daily doses of 5 g in the subsequent 7 weeks (maintenance phase). Before and after the supplementation period, markers of renal function, serum creatinine, creatinine excretion rate, and creatinine clearance were evaluated. The Generalized Estimation Equation Model was used for comparison between groups. The level of significance was P < 0.05. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between groups before and after the intervention for serum creatinine (Cr: pre 1.00 ± 0.15 mL/dL vs. post 1.07 ± 0.16 mL/dL; PLA: pre 1.30 ± 0.53 mL/dL vs. post 1.36 ± 0.47 mL/dL, P = 0.590), creatinine excretion rate (Cr: pre 81.73 ± 43.80 mg/dL vs. post 102.92 ± 59.57 mg/dL; PLA: pre 74.37 ± 38.90 mg/dL vs. post 86.22 ± 39.94 mg/dL, P = 0.560), or creatinine clearance (Cr; pre 108 ± 59 mL/min/1.73 m2 vs. post 117 ± 52 mL/min/1.73 m2; PLA: pre 88 ± 49 mL/min/1.73 m2 vs. post 82 ± 47 mL/min/1.73 m2, P = 0.366). CONCLUSIONS: Eight weeks of creatine supplementation is safe and does not compromise the renal function of patients with peripheral arterial disease.

7.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev ; 40(1): 24-28, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348126

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare functional and cardiovascular variables of men and women with peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional study included 67 women and 144 men (age 66 ± 9 and 67 ± 10 yr, respectively) with PAD. Patients were submitted to a clinical evaluation, 6-min walk test (6MWT) and cardiovascular evaluation, including blood pressure, arterial stiffness variables, and heart rate variability. RESULTS: Women had lower claudication onset distance (P = .033) and 6MWT distance (P < .001), and similar percentage of the predicted 6MWT distance (P > .05). Women had higher pulse pressure (P = .002), augmentation index (P < .001), augmentation index corrected by 75 bpm (P < .001), and brachial and central systolic blood pressure (P = .041 and P = .029). Diastolic blood pressure, pulse wave velocity, and heart rate variability were similar between sexes (P > .05). CONCLUSION: Although predicted 6MWT performance was similar between sexes, women had higher blood pressure and wave reflection variables compared with men. Interventions to reduce blood pressure and wave reflection should be emphasized in women with PAD.

8.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 74: e1254, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664419

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between gait speed and measurements of physical function in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: One hundred sixty-nine patients (age 66.6±9.4 years) with symptomatic PAD were recruited. Usual and fast gait speeds were assessed with a 4-meter walk test. Objective (balance, sit-to-stand, handrip strength, and six-minute walk test) and subjective (WIQ - Walking Impairment Questionnaire and WELCH - Walking Estimated-Limitation Calculated by History) measurements of physical function were obtained. Crude and adjusted linear regression analyses were used to confirm significant associations. RESULTS: Usual and fast gait speeds were significantly correlated with all objective and subjective physical function variables examined (r<0.55, p<0.05). In the multivariate model, usual gait speed was associated with six-minute walking distance (ß=0.001, p<0.001), sit-to-stand test score (ß=-0.005, p=0.012), and WIQ stairs score (ß=0.002, p=0.006) adjusted by age, ankle brachial index, body mass index, and gender. Fast gait speed was associated with six-minute walking distance (ß=0.002, p<0.001), WIQ stairs score (ß=0.003, p=0.010), and WELCH total score (ß=0.004, p=0.026) adjusted by age, ankle brachial index, body mass index, and gender. CONCLUSION: Usual and fast gait speeds assessed with the 4-meter test were moderately associated with objective and subjective measurements of physical function in symptomatic PAD patients.

9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(37): 5687-5701, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prospective study of 200 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that underwent liver transplant (LT) after drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) for downstaging versus bridging. Overall survival and tumor recurrence rates were calculated, eligibility for LT, time on the waiting list and radiological response were compared. After TACE, only patients within Milan Criteria (MC) were transplanted. More patients underwent LT in bridging group. Five-year post-transplant overall survival, recurrence-free survival has no difference between the groups. Complete response was observed more frequently in bridging group. Patients in DS group can achieve post-transplant survival and HCC recurrence-free probability, at five years, just like patients within MC in patients undergoing DEB-TACE. AIM: To determine long-term outcomes of patients with HCC that underwent LT after DEB-TACE for downstaging vs bridging. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 200 patients included from April 2011 through June 2014. Bridging group included patients within MC. Downstaging group (out of MC) was divided in 5 subgroups (G1 to G5). Total tumor diameter was ≤ 8 cm for G1, 2, 3, 4 (n = 42) and was > 8 cm for G5 (n = 22). Downstaging (n = 64) and bridging (n = 136) populations were not significantly different. Overall survival and tumor recurrence rates were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Additionally, eligibility for LT, time on the waiting list until LT and radiological response were compared. RESULTS: After TACE, only patients within MC were transplanted. More patients underwent LT in bridging group 65.9% (P = 0.001). Downstaging population presented: higher number of nodules 2.81 (P = 0.001); larger total tumor diameter 8.09 (P = 0.001); multifocal HCC 78% (P = 0.001); more post-transplantation recurrence 25% (P = 0.02). Patients with maximal tumor diameter up to 7.05 cm were more likely to receive LT (P = 0.005). Median time on the waiting list was significantly longer in downstaging group 10.6 mo (P = 0.028). Five-year post-transplant overall survival was 73.5% in downstaging and 72.3% bridging groups (P = 0.31), and recurrence-free survival was 62.1% in downstaging and 74.8% bridging groups (P = 0.93). Radiological response: complete response was observed more frequently in bridging group (P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Tumors initially exceeding the MC down-staged after DEB-TACE, can achieve post-transplant survival and HCC recurrence-free probability, at five years, just like patients within MC in patients undergoing DEB-TACE.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Transplante de Fígado/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Transplante de Fígado/normas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Listas de Espera
10.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several factors that could influence the efficacy and satisfaction of patients after bilateral thoracic sympathectomy (video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy [VATS]) in the treatment of hyperhidrosis (HH) have been studied, but no studies in the literature have specifically analyzed the effectiveness of treatment and variations in the quality of life of patients aged 40 years or older compared with those of young adult patients (19-40 years). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 2,431 HH patients who underwent bilateral VATS and divided the patients into the following groups: a group younger than 40 years old (1,760 patients) and a group 40 years and older (142 patients). Variables included quality of life before surgery, improvement in quality of life after surgery, clinical improvement in sweating, the presence of severe compensatory hyperhidrosis (CH), and general satisfaction at 1 month after surgery. RESULTS: We observed that all surgical patients presented with poor or very poor quality of life before surgery, with similar proportions in both groups. In the postoperative period, we observed improvement in quality of life in more than 90% of the patients, with no significant difference noted between the 2 groups of patients. More than 90% of the patients in this series had great clinical improvement in the main HH site, with no significant difference between the 2 groups. Severe CH occurred in 23.8% of the patients in this series, with no significant difference between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Patients 40 years of age or older benefit just as much as younger patients from VATS performed to treat primary HH, presenting excellent significant surgical results.

11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(3): 410-416, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1038554

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Increases in daily physical activity levels is recommended for patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, despite this recommendation, little is known about the physical activity patterns of PAD patients. Objective: To describe the physical activity patterns of patients with symptomatic peripheral artery (PAD) disease. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 174 PAD patients with intermittent claudication symptoms. Patients were submitted to clinical, hemodynamic and functional evaluations. Physical activity was objectively measured by an accelerometer, and the time spent in sedentary, low-light, high-light and moderate-vigorous physical activities (MVPA) were obtained. Descriptive analysis was performed to summarize patient data and binary logistic regression was used to test the crude and adjusted associations between adherence to physical activity recommendation and sociodemographic and clinical factors. For all the statistical analyses, significance was accepted at p < 0.05. Results: Patients spent in average of 640 ± 121 min/day, 269 ± 94 min/day, 36 ± 27 min/day and 15 ± 16 min/day in sedentary, low-light, high-light and MVPA, respectively. The prevalence of patients who achieved physical activity recommendations was 3.4%. After adjustment for confounders, a significant inverse association was observed between adherence to physical activity recommendation and age (OR = 0.925; p = 0.004), while time of disease, ankle brachial index and total walking distance were not associated with this adherence criteria (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The patterns of physical activity of PAD patients are characterized by a large amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors and a low engagement in MVPA. Younger patients, regardless of the clinical and functional factors, were more likely to meet the current physical activity recommendations.


Resumo Fundamento: Aumentos nos níveis de atividade física diária são recomendados para pacientes com doença arterial periférica (DAP). No entanto, apesar dessa recomendação, pouco se sabe sobre os padrões de atividade física dos pacientes com DAP. Objetivo: Descrever os padrões de atividade física de pacientes com DAP sintomática. Métodos: Este estudo transversal incluiu 174 pacientes com DAP com sintomas de claudicação intermitente. Os pacientes foram submetidos a avaliações clínicas, hemodinâmicas e funcionais. A atividade física foi objetivamente medida por um acelerômetro, e o tempo gasto em atividades sedentárias, de baixa intensidade, de alta intensidade e atividade física moderada-a-vigorosa (AFMV) foi obtido. A análise descritiva foi realizada para resumir os dados dos pacientes e a regressão logística binária foi utilizada para testar as associações brutas e ajustadas entre a adesão à recomendação de atividade física e os fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos. Para todas as análises estatísticas, a significância foi estabelecida em p < 0,05. Resultados: Os pacientes gastaram em média 640 ± 121 min/dia, 269 ± 94 min / dia, 36 ± 27 min/dia e 15 ± 16 min/dia em atividades sedentárias, de baixa intensidade, alta intensidade e AFMV, respectivamente. A prevalência de pacientes que atingiram as recomendações de atividade física foi de 3,4%. Após ajuste para fatores de confusão, observou-se associação inversa significativa entre adesão à recomendação de atividade física e idade (OR = 0,925; p = 0,004), enquanto tempo de doença, ITB e distância total de caminhada não se associaram a esse critério de adesão (p> 0,05). Conclusão: Os padrões de atividade física dos pacientes com DAP são caracterizados por uma grande quantidade de tempo gasto em comportamentos sedentários e um baixo envolvimento na AFMV. Pacientes mais jovens, independentemente dos fatores clínicos e funcionais, apresentaram maior probabilidade de atender às recomendações atuais de atividade física.

12.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(3): eAE4510, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To standardize the investigation and clinical management of women with laboratory and/or clinical abnormalities suggestive of thrombophilia, in order to optimize antithrombotic approach and indication of laboratory tests. METHODOLOGY: A discussion was carried out among 107 physicians (gynecologists/obstetricians, hematologists and vascular surgeons) present at a forum held at the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, in São Paulo (SP), Brazil. As a minimum criterion, 80% agreement was established in the voting to each recommendation of conduct in the final document. The cases in which there was agreement below 80% were discussed again, reaching a consensual agreement of conduct for the document writing. CONCLUSION: The standardization of an institutional consensus of suggestions of clinical approach contributes to a better management of the group to be evaluated and minimizes risks of intercurrent events. This was the first national consensus on the investigation of thrombophilia in women.


Assuntos
Trombofilia , Brasil , Consenso , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Gravidez , Trombofilia/diagnóstico , Trombofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Trombofilia/etiologia
13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 113(3): 410-416, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increases in daily physical activity levels is recommended for patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, despite this recommendation, little is known about the physical activity patterns of PAD patients. OBJECTIVE: To describe the physical activity patterns of patients with symptomatic peripheral artery (PAD) disease. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 174 PAD patients with intermittent claudication symptoms. Patients were submitted to clinical, hemodynamic and functional evaluations. Physical activity was objectively measured by an accelerometer, and the time spent in sedentary, low-light, high-light and moderate-vigorous physical activities (MVPA) were obtained. Descriptive analysis was performed to summarize patient data and binary logistic regression was used to test the crude and adjusted associations between adherence to physical activity recommendation and sociodemographic and clinical factors. For all the statistical analyses, significance was accepted at p < 0.05. RESULTS: Patients spent in average of 640 ± 121 min/day, 269 ± 94 min/day, 36 ± 27 min/day and 15 ± 16 min/day in sedentary, low-light, high-light and MVPA, respectively. The prevalence of patients who achieved physical activity recommendations was 3.4%. After adjustment for confounders, a significant inverse association was observed between adherence to physical activity recommendation and age (OR = 0.925; p = 0.004), while time of disease, ankle brachial index and total walking distance were not associated with this adherence criteria (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The patterns of physical activity of PAD patients are characterized by a large amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors and a low engagement in MVPA. Younger patients, regardless of the clinical and functional factors, were more likely to meet the current physical activity recommendations.

14.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(4): eGS4282, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291385

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare medication errors in two emergency departments with electronic medical record, to two departments that had conventional handwritten records at the same organization. METHODS: A cross-sectional, retrospective, descriptive, comparative study of medication errors and their classification, according to the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention, associated with the use of electronic and conventional medical records, in emergency departments of the same organization, during one year. RESULTS: There were 88 events per million opportunities in the departments with electronic medical record and 164 events per million opportunities in the units with conventional medical records. There were more medication errors when using conventional medical record - in 9 of 14 categories of the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention. CONCLUSION: The emergency departments using electronic medical records presented lower levels of medication errors, and contributed to a continuous improvement in patients´ safety.


Assuntos
Erros de Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Erros de Medicação/classificação , Erros de Medicação/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 61: 78-82, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the clinical factors associated with arterial stiffness in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 181 patients (67% men; mean aged 66 ± 9 years) were recruited and had their central arterial stiffness assessed by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV). Clinical characteristics are sociodemographic data, body mass index, comorbid conditions, and walking capacity. RESULTS: Multiple linear regression analysis showed that age (b = 0.182, P = 0.032), body mass index (b = 0.254, P = 0.002), and mean blood pressure (b = 0.249, P = 0.021) were positively associated with cf-PWV. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that the aging, elevated body mass index, and higher blood pressure are clinical factors associated with increased arterial stiffness in patients with peripheral artery disease.

16.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 61: 165-169, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to analyze whether heparin, used as a lock in fully implantable catheter for chemotherapy (portocath), maintains its activity even if it remains in the catheter for a long period of time. METHODS: According to the institutional protocol, all catheters routinely use the lock solution with 3 mL of heparinized solution after chemotherapy and the time interval between each change as lock in the catheters studied ranged from 7 to 30 days. A total of 25 blood samples from 22 patients with 6 types of neoplasia on chemotherapy or not were collected according to routine, and the 10 mL of liquid contained in the first aspirated reservoir/catheter (corresponding to the lock of the last section), were sent for laboratory analysis for prospectively studied with the following tests: anti-Xa, partially activated thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), reptilase, and thromboelastogram. RESULTS: Heparin activity was found in 96% of the anti-Xa and APTT tests. In relation to TT, 92% presented activity. The reptilase test was performed on 24 samples with significant time reduction in all of them. In the INTEM stage, the thromboelastometry test showed activity in 92% of samples and in the HEPTEM phase there was reduction in time in all samples. In all samples, the heparin activity was found to be independent of the time of use. CONCLUSIONS: We can conclude that lock of heparinized solution used in our service in fully implantable central venous catheters for chemotherapy was maintained with active heparin even after a long period of time (up to 30 days), demonstrating that the half-life of the substance within the catheter is greater than its plasma half-life.

17.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 61: 72-77, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to analyze the association between cardiac autonomic modulation and arterial stiffness in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included one hundred fourteen patients with symptomatic PAD (67.5% men; 65 ± 7 years; body mass index: 26.8 ± 4.5 kg/m2). Heart rate variability (HRV) was measured within time (standard deviation of all RR intervals [beat to beat heart interval] [SDNN], root mean square of the successive differences between adjacent normal RR intervals [RMSSD], and the proportion of successive RR intervals that differed by more than 50 msec [pNN50]) and frequency (low frequency [LF] and high frequency [HF]) domains. Arterial stiffness was assessed by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV). Crude and adjusted linear regression analyses examined the relationship between HRV and cfPWV. RESULTS: Nonsignificant crude associations were identified among cfPWV and RMSSD (P = 0.181), SDNN (P = 0.105), pNN50 (P = 0.087), LF (P = 0.376), HF (P = 0.175), and LF/HF ratio (P = 0.426). After adjustments for age, sex, smoking, body mass index, ankle-brachial index, and use of beta-blockers, significant associations were identified among cfPWV and RMSSD (P = 0.037), SDNN (P = 0.049), and pNN50 (P = 0.049). CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac autonomic modulation was significantly associated with arterial stiffness in patients with PAD after adjustment for confounding factors. This relationship may contribute to the enhanced cardiovascular disease risk for PAD patients and provides a target for strategies to improve patient clinical outcomes.

18.
J Vasc Nurs ; 37(2): 106-112, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155156

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of smoking on physical activity, walking capacity, and cardiovascular health in patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD). This cross-sectional study included 180 patients with symptomatic PAD. Patients were classified into 3 groups according to smoking history: smoker (n = 39), ex-smoker (n = 113), and never smoker (n = 28). Physical activity levels, physical function, walking capacity, and cardiovascular health parameters (clinical blood pressure, arterial stiffness, and heart rate variability) were assessed. Smoker patients presented higher sympathetic modulation to the heart (low frequency of heart rate variability: smokers, 71 ± 17 nu; ex-smokers, 53 ± 32 nu; never smokers, 49 ± 21 nu, P < .05) and sympathovagal balance (smokers: 2.44 ± 2.76, ex-smokers: 1.14 ± 1.74, never smokers: 1.04 ± 0.99, P < .05) and lower parasympathetic modulation to the heart (high frequency of heart rate variability: smokers, 29 ± 27 nu; ex-smokers, 47 ± 32 nu; never smokers, 51 ± 21 nu, P < .05) than other patients. In conclusion, nonsignificant differences were observed on physical activity levels, physical function, blood pressure, and arterial stiffness (P > .05). Smoking impairs cardiac autonomic modulation in patients with symptomatic PAD.

19.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 60: 35-44, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30802572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Active cancer is found in approximately 20% of patients diagnosed with venous thromboembolism. This condition is more prevalent in patients with advanced and metastatic cancer and is the second largest cause of death among patients with active neoplasm. Many of them have contraindication for anticoagulation and needs an inferior vena cava filter to be implanted, but a large proportion of these patients have very low survival after filter implantation. Our aim was to verify whether the need for filter implantation represents an independent indicator of poor prognosis in oncological patients and to identify subgroups with a greater survival. METHODS: This study included a retrospective analysis of 247 oncologic patients with acute proximal venous thrombosis. We compared survival between 100 consecutive patients who needed vena cava filter (FILTER group) versus a control group of 147 patients in whom anticoagulation was possible (ANTICOAGULATION group). We verified survival, cause of death, filter's indications (clinical and surgical), and factors that might lead to worse prognosis. RESULTS: Risk of death was 8.83-fold higher in the FILTER group than that in the ANTICOAGULATION group, a greater risk than the presence of metastasis (OR: 2.47). Death was significantly more frequent in patients subjected to filter implantation because of clinical indications (93.2%) such as high risk of or recent bleeding and an adjusted risk of death of 2.24-fold higher in a multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The need to implant a vena cava filter in a patient with cancer is a marker that indicates patient's disease severity and worse prognosis. Survival was longer in the subgroup of patients who underwent filter implantation before oncologic surgery, probably because of a better status performance and less clinical complications.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/terapia , Filtros de Veia Cava , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Causas de Morte , Contraindicações de Medicamentos , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombose Venosa/sangue , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
20.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 59: 1-4, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30802575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Duplex ultrasonography (DUS), although consolidated as the primary tool for the estimation of carotid stenosis, may be impaired by calcified plaques that promote acoustic shadow (AcS). AcS seems to hamper the quantification of the main parameter used in the determination of percentage stenosis, that is, the maximal peak systolic velocity (PSV) at the lesion site. The aim of our study was to compare the degrees of carotid artery stenosis in DUS/PSV and computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the presence of AcS. METHODS: During 36 months, 1,178 carotid DUS tests were performed. A total of 164 carotids in 139 patients showed AcS resulting from calcified plaques. Carotids with AcS were referred for a second imaging examination; thus, 62 carotids were analyzed by both DUS/PSV and CTA. CTA measured the area reduction at the lesion site to calculate the percent stenosis. PSV was measured immediately after the end of the AcS. According to velocities-based DUS criteria, stenoses were classified as mild (PSV < 125 cm/s), moderate (125 ≤ PSV ≤ 230 cm/s), and severe (PSV > 230). CTA and DUS/PSV measurements were compared to determine the accuracy of PSV in characterizing the severity of carotid stenosis with AcS. RESULTS: Of the 62 lesions, PSV characterized 10 as severe, 21 as moderate, and 31 as mild. According to the CTA study, there were 36 severe, 8 moderate, and 18 mild lesions. PSV underestimated in 27.79% the incidence of cases of severe carotid artery stenosis detected by the CTA. In addition, PSV overestimated the incidence of the cases of moderate and mild stenosis in 61.91% and 37.78%, respectively. The agreement ratio between the imaging examinations used in this study was 50%. DUS/PSV discretely correlated with CTA (r = 0.668, P < 0.0001, 95% confidence interval = 0.502-0.786). Using PSVs >125 and >230 as predictors of carotid lesions higher than 50% and 70%, respectively, the sensitivities were 63.3% and 27.8%, the specificities were 100%, the positive predictive values were 100%, and the negative predictive values were 71.9% and 50%. CONCLUSION: PSV alone is inadequate to quantify carotid stenosis in the presence of calcified plaques and AcS. Another image tool, such as CTA, could be recommendable for clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Placa Aterosclerótica , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Artérias Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Estenose das Carótidas/patologia , Estenose das Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Calcificação Vascular/patologia , Calcificação Vascular/fisiopatologia , Calcificação Vascular/terapia
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