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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(19): 197201, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469595

RESUMO

The magnetic properties of the van der Waals magnetic topological insulators MnBi_{2}Te_{4} and MnBi_{4}Te_{7} are investigated by magnetotransport measurements. We evidence that the relative strength of the interlayer exchange coupling J to the uniaxial anisotropy K controls a transition from an A-type antiferromagnetic order to a ferromagneticlike metamagnetic state. A bilayer Stoner-Wohlfarth model allows us to describe this evolution, as well as the typical angular dependence of specific signatures, such as the spin-flop transition of the uniaxial antiferromagnet and the switching field of the metamagnet.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 58(10): 6659-6668, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045349

RESUMO

Fine-tuning chemistry by doping with transition metals enables new perspectives for exploring Kitaev physics on a two-dimensional (2D) honeycomb lattice of α-RuCl3, which is promising in the field of quantum information protection and quantum computation. The key parameters to vary by doping are both Heisenberg and Kitaev components of the nearest-neighbor exchange interaction between the Jeff = 1/2 Ru3+ spins, depending strongly on the peculiarities of the crystal structure. Here, we present crystal growth by chemical vapor transport and structure elucidation of a solid solution series Ru1- xCr xCl3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1), with Cr3+ ions coupled to the Ru3+ Kitaev host. The Cr3+ substitution preserves the honeycomb type lattice of α-RuCl3 and creates mixed occupancy of Ru/Cr sites without cationic order within the layers as confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy investigations. In contrast to high-quality single crystals of α-RuCl3 with ABAB-stacked layers, the ternary compounds demonstrate a significant stacking disorder along the c-axis direction as evidenced by X-ray diffraction and high resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (HR-STEM). Raman spectra of substituted samples are in line with the symmetry conservation of the parent lattice upon chromium doping. At the same time, our magnetic susceptibility data indicate that the Kitaev physics of α-RuCl3 is increasingly suppressed by the dominant spin-only driven magnetism of Cr3+ ( S = 3/2) in Ru1- xCr xCl3.

3.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 571, 2019 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718550

RESUMO

Engineering intramolecular exchange interactions between magnetic metal atoms is a ubiquitous strategy for designing molecular magnets. For lanthanides, the localized nature of 4f electrons usually results in weak exchange coupling. Mediating magnetic interactions between lanthanide ions via radical bridges is a fruitful strategy towards stronger coupling. In this work we explore the limiting case when the role of a radical bridge is played by a single unpaired electron. We synthesize an array of air-stable Ln2@C80(CH2Ph) dimetallofullerenes (Ln2 = Y2, Gd2, Tb2, Dy2, Ho2, Er2, TbY, TbGd) featuring a covalent lanthanide-lanthanide bond. The lanthanide spins are glued together by very strong exchange interactions between 4f moments and a single electron residing on the metal-metal bonding orbital. Tb2@C80(CH2Ph) shows a gigantic coercivity of 8.2 Tesla at 5 K and a high 100-s blocking temperature of magnetization of 25.2 K. The Ln-Ln bonding orbital in Ln2@C80(CH2Ph) is redox active, enabling electrochemical tuning of the magnetism.

4.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 30(41): 415601, 2018 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30178759

RESUMO

Single crystals of Eu1-x Ca x Fe2As2 ([Formula: see text]) are grown using the high-temperature solution-growth method employing FeAs self-flux. Structural and chemical analysis indicates that these crystals are homogeneous and their lattice parameters exhibit a gradual monotonic decrease with increasing Ca concentration. Detailed magnetic, specific heat and resistivity data were used to construct a phase diagram which depicts the evolution of the structural/spin-density-wave transition at T 0, and of the antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering temperature of the Eu moments at T N. We found out that while T N decreases monotonically from 19.1 K (for x = 0) to below 2 K (for [Formula: see text]), T 0 remains almost constant up to x = x c and decreases steadily for higher values of x. Annealing at low temperatures for several days leads to enhancement of T N and T 0 by a few kelvin and sharpened the anomalies associated with these transitions. However, annealing did not change the variation of T N and T 0 across the series. The observation that T 0 is almost constant until the long-range AFM ordering of the Eu2+ moments gets destroyed, suggests a subtle interrelationship between the Eu2+ and Fe2+ magnetic sublattices.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(76): 10683-10686, 2018 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30087957

RESUMO

Carbide clusterfullerene DyYTiC@C80-Ih with three different metal atoms in the endohedral cluster is obtained by arc-discharge synthesis with methane as reactive gas and is successfully isolated by HPLC. The compound shows single-molecule magnetism (SMM) with magnetic hysteresis below 8 K. The SMM properties of DyYTiC@C80 are compared to those of DySc2N@C80 and the influence of the central atom in the endohedral cluster is analyzed.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(70): 9730-9733, 2018 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30079423

RESUMO

Magnetic properties of endohedral metallofullerenes with nitride clusters DySc2N and Dy2ScN and different carbon cages are studied by SQUID magnetometry. All molecules behave as single molecule magnets (SMMs) and exhibit magnetic hysteresis. It is found that the blocking temperature of magnetization and relaxation times strongly depend on the fullerene cage, with the C80-Ih isomer offering the best SMM properties.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 120(11): 117204, 2018 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29601734

RESUMO

The honeycomb Kitaev-Heisenberg model is a source of a quantum spin liquid with Majorana fermions and gauge flux excitations as fractional quasiparticles. Here we unveil the highly unusual low-temperature heat conductivity κ of α-RuCl_{3}, a prime candidate for realizing such physics: beyond a magnetic field of B_{c}≈7.5 T, κ increases by about one order of magnitude, both for in-plane as well as out-of-plane transport. This clarifies the unusual magnetic field dependence unambiguously to be the result of severe scattering of phonons off putative Kitaev-Heisenberg excitations in combination with a drastic field-induced change of the magnetic excitation spectrum. In particular, an unexpected, large energy gap arises, which increases linearly with the magnetic field, reaching remarkable ℏω_{0}/k_{B}≈50 K at 18 T.

8.
Chem Sci ; 8(9): 6451-6465, 2017 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29263779

RESUMO

A method for the selective synthesis of sulfide clusterfullerenes Dy2S@C2n is developed. Addition of methane to the reactive atmosphere reduces the formation of empty fullerenes in the arc-discharge synthesis, whereas the use of Dy2S3 as a source of metal and sulfur affords sulfide clusterfullerenes as the main fullerene products along with smaller amounts of carbide clusterfullerenes. Two isomers of Dy2S@C82 with Cs(6) and C3v(8) cage symmetry, Dy2S@C72-Cs(10528), and a carbide clusterfullerene Dy2C2@C82-Cs(6) were isolated. The molecular structure of both Dy2S@C82 isomers was elucidated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. SQUID magnetometry demonstrates that all of these clusterfullerenes exhibit hysteresis of magnetization, with Dy2S@C82-C3v(8) being the strongest single molecule magnet in the series. DC- and AC-susceptibility measurements were used to determine magnetization relaxation times in the temperature range from 1.6 K to 70 K. Unprecedented magnetization relaxation dynamics with three consequent Orbach processes and energy barriers of 10.5, 48, and 1232 K are determined for Dy2S@C82-C3v(8). Dy2S@C82-Cs(6) exhibits faster relaxation of magnetization with two barriers of 15.2 and 523 K. Ab initio calculations were used to interpret experimental data and compare the Dy-sulfide clusterfullerenes to other Dy-clusterfullerenes. The smallest and largest barriers are ascribed to the exchange/dipolar barrier and relaxation via crystal-field states, respectively, whereas an intermediate energy barrier of 48 K in Dy2S@C82-C3v(8) is assigned to the local phonon mode, corresponding to the librational motion of the Dy2S cluster inside the carbon cage.

9.
Nat Commun ; 8: 16098, 2017 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28706223

RESUMO

Increasing the temperature at which molecules behave as single-molecule magnets is a serious challenge in molecular magnetism. One of the ways to address this problem is to create the molecules with strongly coupled lanthanide ions. In this work, endohedral metallofullerenes Y2@C80 and Dy2@C80 are obtained in the form of air-stable benzyl monoadducts. Both feature an unpaired electron trapped between metal ions, thus forming a single-electron metal-metal bond. Giant exchange interactions between lanthanide ions and the unpaired electron result in single-molecule magnetism of Dy2@C80(CH2Ph) with a record-high 100 s blocking temperature of 18 K. All magnetic moments in Dy2@C80(CH2Ph) are parallel and couple ferromagnetically to form a single spin unit of 21 µB with a dysprosium-electron exchange constant of 32 cm-1. The barrier of the magnetization reversal of 613 K is assigned to the state in which the spin of one Dy centre is flipped.

10.
Nanoscale ; 9(23): 7977-7990, 2017 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28574078

RESUMO

Lanthanide-lanthanide bonds are exceptionally rare, and dimetallofullerenes provide a unique possibility to stabilize and study these unusual bonding patterns. The presence of metal-metal bonds and consequences thereof for the electronic properties of M2@C82 (M = Sc, Er, Lu) are addressed by electrochemistry, electron paramagnetic resonance, SQUID magnetometry and other spectroscopic techniques. A simplified non-chromatographic separation procedure is developed for the isolation of Er2@C82 (Cs(6) and C3v(8) cage isomers) and Sc2@C82 (C3v(8) isomer) from fullerene mixtures. Sulfide clusterfullerenes Er2S@C82 with Cs(6) and C3v(8) fullerene cages are synthesized for the first time. The metal-metal bonding orbital of the spd hybrid character in M2@C82 is shown to be the highest occupied molecular orbital, which undergoes reversible single-electron oxidation with a metal-dependent oxidation potential. Sulfide clusterfullerenes with a fullerene-based HOMO have more positive oxidation potentials. The metal-based oxidation of Sc2@C82-C3v is confirmed by the EPR spectrum of the cation radical [Sc2@C82-C3v]+ generated by chemical oxidation in solution. The spectrum exhibits an exceptionally large a(45Sc) hyperfine coupling constant of 199.2 G, indicating a substantial 4s contribution to the metal-metal bonding orbital. The cationic salt [Er2@C82-C3v]+SbCl6- is prepared, and its magnetization behavior is compared to that of pristine Er2@C82-C3v and Er2S@C82-C3v. The formation of the single-electron Er-Er bond in the cation dramatically changes the coupling between magnetic moments of Er ions.

11.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 3(3): 321-7, 2008 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18510427

RESUMO

AIMS: A carbon-wrapped nanoscaled thermometer for a contactless temperature control in biological systems on the cellular level is presented. MATERIALS & METHODS: The thermometer is based on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) filled with materials with strongly temperature-dependent nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) parameters. The NMR frequency shift and relaxation time were measured in cuprous-iodide-filled CNTs at different temperatures. RESULTS: The experimental data indicate a pronounced temperature dependence of the NMR parameters, thereby realizing the nanoscaled thermometer. CONCLUSION: This study is a proof-of-concept that the functionalized CNTs can be used as a contactless thermometer in biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/instrumentação , Nanotecnologia/instrumentação , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Termômetros , Transdutores , Biologia/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Estudos de Viabilidade , Retroalimentação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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