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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32342626

RESUMO

Like silicon, single crystals of organic semiconductors are pursued to attain intrinsic charge transport properties. However, they are intolerant to mechanical deformation, impeding their application in flexible electronic devices. Such contradictory properties, namely exceptional molecular ordering and mechanical flexibility, are unified in this work. We found that bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)pentacene (TIPS-P) crystals can undergo mechanically induced structural transitions to exhibit superelasticity and ferroelasticity. These properties arise from cooperative and correlated molecular displacements and rotations in response to mechanical stress. By utilizing a bending-induced ferroelastic transition of TIPS-P, flexible single-crystal electronic devices were obtained that can tolerate strains (ϵ) of more than 13 % while maintaining the charge carrier mobility of unstrained crystals (µ>0.7 µ0 ). Our work will pave the way for high-performance ultraflexible single-crystal organic electronics for sensors, memories, and robotic applications.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 58(13): 8271-8274, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184487

RESUMO

Described is the preparation of the first iron carbide-sulfides. The cluster [Fe6C(CO)15(SO2)]2- ([2]2-), which is generated quantitatively from [Fe6C(CO)16]2- ([1]2-), was O-methylated to give the sulfinite [2Me]-. Demethoxylation of [2Me]- with BF3 gave the face-capped octahedral cluster Fe6C(CO)15(SO) (3). In solution, 3 spontaneously converted to the sulfide Fe6C(CO)16(S) (4), an edge-fused double cluster with Fe5C and Fe3S subunits. Although 4 undergoes 1e- reduction reversibly, 2e- reduction (or base hydrolysis) of 4 gives closo-[Fe6C(CO)14(S)]2- ([5]2-). The synthetic entries into the Fe6CS x manifold may underpin the preparation of active-site analogues of the FeMoco and FeVco cofactors.

3.
Acta Biomater ; 93: 86-96, 2019 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121312

RESUMO

Implant osteoinduction and subsequent osteogenic activity are critical events that need improvement for regenerative healing of large craniofacial bone defects. Here we describe the augmentation of the mineral content of a class of mineralized collagen scaffolds under development for craniomaxillofacial bone regeneration via the inclusion of zinc ions to promote osteogenesis in vitro. Zinc is an essential trace element in skeletal tissue and bone, with soluble zinc being shown to promote osteogenic differentiation of porcine adipose derived stem cells. We report the development of a new class of zinc functionalized scaffolds fabricated by adding zinc sulfate to a mineralized collagen-glycosaminoglycan precursor suspension that was then freeze dried to form a porous biomaterial. We report analysis of zinc functionalized scaffolds via imaging (scanning electron microscopy), mechanical testing (compression), and compositional (X-ray diffraction, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry) analyses. Notably, zinc-functionalized scaffolds display morphological changes to the mineral phase and altered elastic modulus without substantially altering the composition of the brushite phase or removing the micro-scale pore morphology of the scaffold. These scaffolds also display zinc release kinetics on the order of days to weeks and promote successful growth and pro-osteogenic capacity of porcine adipose derived stem cells cultured within these zinc scaffolds. Taken together, we believe that zinc functionalized scaffolds provide a unique platform to explore strategies to improve in vivo osteogenesis in craniomaxillofacial bone injuries models. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Craniomaxillofacial bone defects that arise from traumatic, congenital, and post-oncologic origins cannot heal on their own and often require surgical intervention. We have developed a class of mineralized collagen scaffolds that promotes osteogenesis and bone regeneration. Here we describe the inclusion of zinc sulfate into the mineralized collagen scaffold to improve osteogenesis. Zinc functionalized scaffolds demonstrate altered crystallite microstructure but consistent Brushite chemistry, improved mechanics, and promote zinc transporter expression while supporting stem cell viability, osteogenic differentiation, and mineral biosynthesis.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 58(4): 2430-2443, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30707014

RESUMO

Described are the syntheses of several Ni(µ-SR)2Fe complexes, including hydride derivatives, in a search for improved models for the active site of [NiFe]-hydrogenases. The nickel(II) precursors include (i) nickel with tripodal ligands: Ni(PS3)- and Ni(NS3)- (PS33- = tris(phenyl-2-thiolato)phosphine, NS33- = tris(benzyl-2-thiolato)amine), (ii) traditional diphosphine-dithiolates, including chiral diphosphine R,R-DIPAMP, (iii) cationic Ni(phosphine-imine/amine) complexes, and (iv) organonickel precursors Ni( o-tolyl)Cl(tmeda) and Ni(C6F5)2. The following new nickel precursor complexes were characterized: PPh4[Ni(NS3)] and the dimeric imino/amino-phosphine complexes [NiCl2(PCH═NAn)]2 and [NiCl2(PCH2NHAn)]2 (P = Ph2PC6H4-2-). The iron(II) reagents include [CpFe(CO)2(thf)]BF4, [Cp*Fe(CO)(MeCN)2]BF4, FeI2(CO)4, FeCl2(diphos)(CO)2, and Fe(pdt)(CO)2(diphos) (diphos = chelating diphosphines). Reactions of the nickel and iron complexes gave the following new Ni-Fe compounds: Cp*Fe(CO)Ni(NS3), [Cp(CO)Fe(µ-pdt)Ni(dppbz)]BF4, [( R,R-DIPAMP)Ni(µ-pdt)(H)Fe(CO)3]BArF4, [(PCH═NAn)Ni(µ-pdt)(Cl)Fe(dppbz)(CO)]BF4, [(PCH2NHAn)Ni(µ-pdt)(Cl)Fe(dppbz)(CO)]BF4, [(PCH═NAn)Ni(µ-pdt)(H)Fe(dppbz)(CO)]BF4, [(dppv)(CO)Fe(µ-pdt)]2Ni, {H[(dppv)(CO)Fe(µ-pdt)]2Ni]}BF4, and (C6F5)2Ni(µ-pdt)Fe(CO)2(dppv) (DIPAMP = (CH2P(C6H4-2-OMe)2)2; BArF4- = [B(C6H3-3,5-(CF3)2]4-)) Within the context of Ni-(SR)2-Fe complexes, these new complexes feature new microenvironments for the nickel center: tetrahedral Ni, chirality, imine, and amine coligands, and Ni-C bonds. In the case of {H[(dppv)(CO)Fe(µ-pdt)]2Ni}+, four low-energy isomers are separated by ≤3 kcal/mol, one of which features a biomimetic HNi(SR)4 site, as supported by density functional theory calculations.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(14): 2098-2101, 2019 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30694267

RESUMO

A new cyclic molecule incorporating [MoIII(CN)7]4- has been characterized by single crystal X-ray methods, SQUID magnetometry and theoretical calculations. The wheel molecule [MoIII(CN)7]6[Ni(L)]12(H2O)6 exhibits ferromagnetic Mo-Ni coupling which did not exist for the previously reported octacyanometallate analogue [MoIV(CN)8]6[Ni(L)]12(H2O)6. These results indicate that known supramolecular architectures incorporating octacyanometallates can be used as platforms for making new molecules incorporating seven-coordinate cyanide precursors.

6.
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun ; 74(Pt 8): 1182-1185, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30116589

RESUMO

The crystal structure of the title compound, [Hf(C5HF6O2)4], has been determined. The asymmetric unit contains two Hf(hfac)4 mol-ecules (hfac = 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexa-fluoro-acetyl-acetonate); both are located on general positions and have identical structures apart from the disorder involving three CF3 groups in one of the two mol-ecules. The mol-ecules of Hf(hfac)4 are arranged in layers that are parallel to the ab plane, and the coordination geometry of each hafnium(IV) center is a distorted square anti-prism. An inter-esting aspect of the structure is that the hfac ligands are arranged so that the Hf(hfac)4 mol-ecules have idealized 2 point symmetry, in which two of the hfac groups bridge between the two squares. Although all other M(ß-diketonate)4 compounds of Hf (and Zr) also have square-anti-prismatic geometries; in almost all of them the ligands are arranged so that the mol-ecules have 222 point symmetry (in which none of the hfac ligands bridges between the two squares). The factors that favor one structure over another are not clear.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 47(21): 7256-7262, 2018 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29762614

RESUMO

We report the solution and structural chemistry of nickel(ii) complexes of the phosphine-oxime Ph2PC6H4-2-CH[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH (PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH). PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH invariably binds in a bidentate manner as illustrated by cis-Ni(PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH)2Cl2 and cis-[Ni(PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH)2]2+ (as its BF4- salt). Treatment of PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH with Ni(OAc)2(H2O)4 gave charge-neutral trans-[Ni(PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NO)2]0. Treatment of trans-[Ni(PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NO)2]0 with BF3 gave [Ni(PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NO)2BF2]BF4. The cation features a planar NiP2N2 center wherein the pair of oximate groups are linked by the difluoroboryl center. The 1 : 1 complexes of the oxime and the oximate are illustrated by [Ni(PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH)Cl2]2 and [Ni(C6F5)(PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NO)]2, which feature five- and four-coordinate Ni(ii) centers, respectively. All complexes in this series hydrolyze to give the trinickel oxo-phosphine-oximate complex [Ni3(PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NO)3O]+. One feature of the PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH ligand is its wide bite angle combined with its protic OH center. These aspects are manifested in the structures of Ni(PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH)2Cl2 and [Ni(PCH[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH)Cl2]2, which show intramolecular hydrogen bonding to terminal chloride ligands.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(17): 5825-5833, 2018 05 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29672034

RESUMO

In the dynamic synthesis of covalent organic frameworks and molecular cages, the typical synthetic approach involves heuristic methods of discovery. While this approach has yielded many remarkable products, the ability to predict the structural outcome of subjecting a multitopic precursor to dynamic covalent chemistry (DCC) remains a challenge in the field. The synthesis of covalent organic cages is a prime example of this phenomenon, where precursors designed with the intention of affording a specific product may deviate dramatically when the DCC synthesis is attempted. As such, rational design principles are needed to accelerate discovery in cage synthesis using DCC. Herein, we test the hypothesis that precursor bite angle contributes significantly to the energy landscape and product distribution in multitopic alkyne metathesis (AM). By subjecting a series of precursors with varying bite angles to AM, we experimentally demonstrate that the product distribution, and convergence toward product formation, is strongly dependent on this geometric attribute. Surprisingly, we discovered that precursors with the ideal bite angle (60°) do not afford the most efficient pathway to the product. The systematic study reported here illustrates how seemingly minor adjustments in precursor geometry greatly affect the outcome of DCC systems. This research illustrates the importance of fine-tuning precursor geometric parameters in order to successfully realize desirable targets.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 57(8): 4409-4418, 2018 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29620876

RESUMO

The synthesis and redox properties are presented for the electron-rich bis(monothiolate)s Fe2(SR)2(CO)2(dppv)2 for R = Me ([1]0), Ph ([2]0), CH2Ph ([3]0). Whereas related derivatives adopt C2-symmetric Fe2(CO)2P4 cores, [1]0-[3]0 have Cs symmetry resulting from the unsymmetrical steric properties of the axial vs equatorial R groups. Complexes [1]0-[3]0 undergo 1e- oxidation upon treatment with ferrocenium salts to give the mixed valence cations [Fe2(SR)2(CO)2(dppv)2]+. As established crystallographically, [3]+ adopts a rotated structure, characteristic of related mixed valence diiron complexes. Unlike [1]+ and [2]+ and many other [Fe2(SR)2L6]+ derivatives, [3]+ undergoes C-S bond homolysis, affording the diferrous sulfido-thiolate [Fe2(SCH2Ph)(S)(CO)2(dppv)2]+ ([4]+). According to X-ray crystallography, the first coordination spheres of [3]+ and [4]+ are similar, but the Fe-sulfido bonds are short in [4]+. The conversion of [3]+ to [4]+ follows first-order kinetics, with k = 2.3 × 10-6 s-1 (30 °C). When the conversion is conducted in THF, the organic products are toluene and dibenzyl. In the presence of TEMPO, the conversion of [3]+ to [4]+ is accelerated about 10×, the main organic product being TEMPO-CH2Ph. DFT calculations predict that the homolysis of a C-S bond is exergonic for [Fe2(SCH2Ph)2(CO)2(PR3)4]+ but endergonic for the neutral complex as well as less substituted cations. The unsaturated character of [4]+ is indicated by its double carbonylation to give [Fe2(SCH2Ph)(S)(CO)4(dppv)2]+ ([5]+), which adopts a bioctahedral structure.

10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(38): 13554-13561, 2017 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28906106

RESUMO

The selective hydrogenation of nitriles to primary amines using a bench-stable cobalt precatalyst under 4 atm of H2 is reported herein. The catalyst precursor was reduced in situ using NaHBEt3, and the resulting Lewis acid formed, BEt3, was found to be integral to the observed catalysis. Mechanistic insights gleaned from para-hydrogen induced polarization (PHIP) transfer NMR studies revealed that the pairwise hydrogenation of nitriles proceeded through a Co(I/III) redox process.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 56(20): 12094-12097, 2017 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28945087

RESUMO

The radical bridged compound [(Ni(TPMA))2-µ-bmtz•-](BF4)3·3CH3CN (bmtz = 3,6-bis(2'-pyrimidyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine, TPMA = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine) exhibits strong ferromagnetic exchange between the S = 1 NiII centers and the bridging S = 1/2 bmtz radical with J = 96 ± 5 cm-1 (-2JNi-radSNiSrad). DFT calculations support the existence of strong ferromagnetic exchange.

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(25): 7097-7101, 2017 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28510353

RESUMO

Crystal-packing forces can have a significant impact on the relative stabilities of different molecules and their conformations. The magnitude of such effects is, however, not yet well understood. Herein we show, that crystal packing can completely overrule the relative stabilities of different stereoisomers in solution. Heating of atropoisomers (i.e. "frozen-out" conformational isomers) in solution leads to complex mixtures. In contrast, solid-state heating selectively amplifies minor (<25 mole %) components of these solution-phase mixtures. We show that this heating strategy is successful for compounds with up to four rotationally hindered σ bonds, for which a single stereoisomer out of seven can be amplified selectively. Our results demonstrate that common supramolecular interactions-for example, [methyl⋅⋅⋅π] coordination and [C-H⋅⋅⋅O] hydrogen bonding-can readily invert the relative thermodynamic stabilities of different molecular conformations. These findings open up potential new avenues to control the folding of macromolecules.

13.
Chemistry ; 23(31): 7448-7452, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28401665

RESUMO

Bifunctional electrically conducting single-molecule magnets are highly promising platforms for non-volatile memory devices and quantum computing applications. The development of these molecular materials, however, has largely been hindered by the lack of straightforward synthetic methods. Herein a facile and modular approach is demonstrated for the realization of bifunctional materials that does not require electrochemical or chemical oxidation to obtain partially charged organic radicals. Magnetic and electrical conductivity studies reveal that the DyIII compound exhibits slow relaxation of the magnetization between 5.0-8.0 K and semiconducting behavior over the range 180-350 K. DC magnetic fields have been found to suppress the quantum tunneling of the magnetization and affect the spin-canted antiferromagnetic interactions.

14.
J Phys Chem A ; 121(6): 1310-1318, 2017 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28099014

RESUMO

A computational study and magnetic susceptibility measurements of three homonuclear Fe(III) Keggin structures are herein presented: the [FeO4@Fe12F24(µ-OCH3)12]5- anion (1), the [Bi6{FeO4@Fe12O12(OH)12}(µ-O2CCCl3)12]+ cation (2) and its polymorph [Bi6{FeO4@Fe12O12(OH)10(H2O)2}(µ-O2CCF3)10]3+ (3). These results are contrasted with the exchange interactions present in the previously characterized [Fe6(OH)3Ge2W18O68(OH)6]11- and [H12As4Fe8W30O120(H2O)2]4- anions. The computational analysis shows that the most significant antiferromagnetic spin coupling takes place at the junction between each of the {Fe3O6(OH)3}/{Fe3F6(OCH3)3} framework motifs, a possibility that had been previously discarded in the literature on the basis of the Fe-Fe distances. For all the examined iron(III) Keggin structures, it is found that the magnitude of the magnetic couplings within each structural subunit follows the same trend.

15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 138(50): 16407-16416, 2016 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27936650

RESUMO

A family of isostructural, mononuclear CoII complexes with distorted trigonal bipyramidal coordination environments is reported. The degree of distortion as well as the overall symmetry of the molecules varies among the members of the series. Different experimental procedures resulted in the isolation of solvomorphs (pseudopolymorphs with different solvent content) for some of the family members. Importantly, their disparate packing arrangements lead to very different dynamic magnetic behavior. The results of magnetostructural correlations and ab initio calculations reveal that the deciding factor for SMM behavior is not the degree of distortion which, a priori, would be expected to be the case, but rather the interactions between neighboring molecules in the solid state.

16.
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun ; 72(Pt 12): 1714-1717, 2016 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27980814

RESUMO

A new 2:1 co-crystal of piroxicam and gentisic acid [systematic name: 4-hy-droxy-1,1-dioxo-N-(pyridin-2-yl)-2H-1λ6,2-benzo-thia-zine-3-carboxamide-2-(4-oxido-1,1-dioxo-2H-1λ6,2-benzo-thia-zine-3-amido)-pyridin-1-ium-2,5-di-hydroxy-benzoic acid, 2C15H13N3O4S·C7H6O4] has been synthesized using a microfluidic platform and initially identified using Raman spectroscopy. In the co-crystal, one piroxicam mol-ecule is in its neutral form and an intra-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bond is observed. The other piroxicam mol-ecule is zwitterionic (proton transfer from the OH group to the pyridine N atom) and two intra-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds occur. The gentisic acid mol-ecule shows whole-mol-ecule disorder over two sets of sites in a 0.809 (2):0.191 (2) ratio. In the crystal, extensive hydrogen bonding between the components forms layers propagating in the ab plane.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 55(7): 3515-29, 2016 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27002487

RESUMO

The crystal structures of NiX2(pyz)2 (X = Cl (1), Br (2), I (3), and NCS (4)) were determined by synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction. All four compounds consist of two-dimensional (2D) square arrays self-assembled from octahedral NiN4X2 units that are bridged by pyz ligands. The 2D layered motifs displayed by 1-4 are relevant to bifluoride-bridged [Ni(HF2)(pyz)2]EF6 (E = P, Sb), which also possess the same 2D layers. In contrast, terminal X ligands occupy axial positions in 1-4 and cause a staggered packing of adjacent layers. Long-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) order occurs below 1.5 (Cl), 1.9 (Br and NCS), and 2.5 K (I) as determined by heat capacity and muon-spin relaxation. The single-ion anisotropy and g factor of 2, 3, and 4 were measured by electron-spin resonance with no evidence for zero-field splitting (ZFS) being observed. The magnetism of 1-4 spans the spectrum from quasi-two-dimensional (2D) to three-dimensional (3D) antiferromagnetism. Nearly identical results and thermodynamic features were obtained for 2 and 4 as shown by pulsed-field magnetization, magnetic susceptibility, as well as their Néel temperatures. Magnetization curves for 2 and 4 calculated by quantum Monte Carlo simulation also show excellent agreement with the pulsed-field data. Compound 3 is characterized as a 3D AFM with the interlayer interaction (J⊥) being slightly stronger than the intralayer interaction along Ni-pyz-Ni segments (J(pyz)) within the two-dimensional [Ni(pyz)2](2+) square planes. Regardless of X, J(pyz) is similar for the four compounds and is roughly 1 K.

18.
Chem Sci ; 7(2): 1569-1574, 2016 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28808532

RESUMO

The bifunctional salt [Co(terpy)2](TCNQ)3·CH3CN (terpy = 2,2';6',2''-terpyridine, TCNQ = 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquino-dimethane) exhibits a high room temperature conductivity of 0.13 S cm-1 and an anomaly in conductivity at ∼190 K as evidenced by variable temperature structural, magnetic and conductivity studies. The anomaly in the conductivity at 190 K has been correlated with the temperature dependent structural breathing and Jahn-Teller distortion of the low spin state of the SCO units, as well as the charge fluctuations and supramolecular π-stacking interactions of partially charged TCNQ radicals. The modular synthetic approach leads to an accessible source of partially charged TCNQ radicals for the facile preparation of bifunctional molecular materials with high electrical conductivity.

19.
Chemistry ; 21(29): 10302-5, 2015 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26073883

RESUMO

The ligand-centered radical complex [(CoTPMA)2 -µ-bmtz(.-) ](O3 SCF3 )3 ⋅CH3 CN (bmtz=3,6-bis(2'-pyrimidyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine, TPMA=tris-(2-pyridylmethyl)amine) has been synthesized from the neutral bmtz precursor. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies have confirmed the presence of the ligand-centered radical. The Co(II) complex exhibits slow paramagnetic relaxation in an applied DC field with a barrier to spin reversal of 39 K. This behavior is a result of strong antiferromagnetic metal-radical coupling combined with positive axial and strong rhombic anisotropic contributions from the Co(II) ions.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 51(4): 1989-91, 2012 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22283606

RESUMO

Square-planar S = 1/2 Ag(II) ions in polymeric Ag(nic)(2) are linked by bridging nic monoanions to yield 2D corrugated sheets. Long-range magnetic order occurs below T(N) = 11.8(2) K due to interlayer couplings that are estimated to be about 30 times weaker than the intralayer exchange interaction.

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