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1.
Sci Transl Med ; 11(502)2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341059

RESUMO

TYK2 is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase involved in adaptive and innate immune responses. A deactivating coding variant has previously been shown to prevent receptor-stimulated activation of this kinase and provides high protection from several common autoimmune diseases but without immunodeficiency. An agent that recapitulates the phenotype of this deactivating coding variant may therefore represent an important advancement in the treatment of autoimmunity. BMS-986165 is a potent oral agent that similarly blocks receptor-stimulated activation of TYK2 allosterically and with high selectivity and potency afforded through optimized binding to a regulatory domain of the protein. Signaling and functional responses in human TH17, TH1, B cells, and myeloid cells integral to autoimmunity were blocked by BMS-986165, both in vitro and in vivo in a phase 1 clinical trial. BMS-986165 demonstrated robust efficacy, consistent with blockade of multiple autoimmune pathways, in murine models of lupus nephritis and inflammatory bowel disease, supporting its therapeutic potential for multiple immune-mediated diseases.

2.
J Med Chem ; 62(20): 8953-8972, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314518

RESUMO

As a member of the Janus (JAK) family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, TYK2 plays an important role in mediating the signaling of pro-inflammatory cytokines including IL-12, IL-23, and type 1 interferons. The nicotinamide 4, identified by a SPA-based high-throughput screen targeting the TYK2 pseudokinase domain, potently inhibits IL-23 and IFNα signaling in cellular assays. The described work details the optimization of this poorly selective hit (4) to potent and selective molecules such as 47 and 48. The discoveries described herein were critical to the eventual identification of the clinical TYK2 JH2 inhibitor (see following report in this issue). Compound 48 provided robust inhibition in a mouse IL-12-induced IFNγ pharmacodynamic model as well as efficacy in an IL-23 and IL-12-dependent mouse colitis model. These results demonstrate the ability of TYK2 JH2 domain binders to provide a highly selective alternative to conventional TYK2 orthosteric inhibitors.

3.
J Med Chem ; 62(20): 8973-8995, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318208

RESUMO

Small molecule JAK inhibitors have emerged as a major therapeutic advancement in treating autoimmune diseases. The discovery of isoform selective JAK inhibitors that traditionally target the catalytically active site of this kinase family has been a formidable challenge. Our strategy to achieve high selectivity for TYK2 relies on targeting the TYK2 pseudokinase (JH2) domain. Herein we report the late stage optimization efforts including a structure-guided design and water displacement strategy that led to the discovery of BMS-986165 (11) as a high affinity JH2 ligand and potent allosteric inhibitor of TYK2. In addition to unprecedented JAK isoform and kinome selectivity, 11 shows excellent pharmacokinetic properties with minimal profiling liabilities and is efficacious in several murine models of autoimmune disease. On the basis of these findings, 11 appears differentiated from all other reported JAK inhibitors and has been advanced as the first pseudokinase-directed therapeutic in clinical development as an oral treatment for autoimmune diseases.

5.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 27(14): 3101-3106, 2017 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28539220

RESUMO

A series of potent dual JAK1/3 inhibitors have been developed from a moderately selective JAK3 inhibitor. Substitution at the C6 position of the pyrrolopyridazine core with aryl groups provided exceptional biochemical potency against JAK1 and JAK3 while maintaining good selectivity against JAK2 and Tyk2. Translation to in vivo efficacy was observed in a murine model of chronic inflammation. X-ray co-crystal structure determination confirmed the presumed inhibitor binding orientation in JAK3. Efforts to reduce hERG channel inhibition will be described.


Assuntos
Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 3/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Piridazinas/química , Pirróis/química , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Domínio Catalítico , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Janus Quinase 1/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 3/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Piridazinas/síntese química , Piridazinas/farmacocinética , Pirróis/síntese química , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , TYK2 Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , TYK2 Quinase/metabolismo
6.
J Med Chem ; 58(19): 7775-84, 2015 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26359680

RESUMO

In search for prodrugs to address the issue of pH-dependent solubility and exposure associated with 1 (BMS-582949), a previously disclosed phase II clinical p38α MAP kinase inhibitor, a structurally novel clinical prodrug, 2 (BMS-751324), featuring a carbamoylmethylene linked promoiety containing hydroxyphenyl acetic acid (HPA) derived ester and phosphate functionalities, was identified. Prodrug 2 was not only stable but also water-soluble under both acidic and neutral conditions. It was effectively bioconverted into parent drug 1 in vivo by alkaline phosphatase and esterase in a stepwise manner, providing higher exposure of 1 compared to its direct administration, especially within higher dose ranges. In a rat LPS-induced TNFα pharmacodynamic model and a rat adjuvant arthritis model, 2 demonstrated similar efficacy to 1. Most importantly, it was shown in clinical studies that prodrug 2 was indeed effective in addressing the pH-dependent absorption issue associated with 1.


Assuntos
Organofosfatos/farmacologia , Fenilacetatos/farmacologia , Pró-Fármacos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Disponibilidade Biológica , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Estrutura Molecular , Organofosfatos/química , Fenilacetatos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacocinética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 24(24): 5721-5726, 2014 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25453808

RESUMO

A new class of Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors was discovered using a rationally designed pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyridazine-3-carboxamide scaffold. Preliminary studies identified (R)-(2,2-dimethylcyclopentyl)amine as a preferred C4 substituent on the pyrrolopyridazine core (3b). Incorporation of amino group to 3-position of the cyclopentane ring resulted in a series of JAK3 inhibitors (4g-4j) that potently inhibited IFNγ production in an IL2-induced whole blood assay and displayed high functional selectivity for JAK3-JAK1 pathway relative to JAK2. Further modifications led to the discovery of an orally bioavailable (2-fluoro-2-methylcyclopentyl)amino analogue 5g which is a nanomolar inhibitor of both JAK3 and TYK2, functionally selective for the JAK3-JAK1 pathway versus JAK2, and active in a human whole blood assay.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 3/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Piridazinas/química , Pirróis/química , Administração Oral , Animais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Conformação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Distribuição Tecidual
8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 23(14): 4120-6, 2013 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23746475

RESUMO

A novel series of p38 MAP kinase inhibitors with high selectivity for the p38α isoform over the other family members including the highly homologous p38ß isoform has been identified. X-ray co-crystallographic studies have revealed an unprecedented kinase binding mode in p38α for representative analogs, 5c and 9d, in which a Leu108/Met109 peptide flip occurs within the p38α hinge region. Based on these findings, a general strategy for the rational design of additional promising p38α isoform selective inhibitors by targeting this novel binding mode is proposed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Isoformas de Proteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
J Med Chem ; 53(18): 6629-39, 2010 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20804198

RESUMO

The discovery and characterization of 7k (BMS-582949), a highly selective p38α MAP kinase inhibitor that is currently in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, is described. A key to the discovery was the rational substitution of N-cyclopropyl for N-methoxy in 1a, a previously reported clinical candidate p38α inhibitor. Unlike alkyl and other cycloalkyls, the sp(2) character of the cyclopropyl group can confer improved H-bonding characteristics to the directly substituted amide NH. Inhibitor 7k is slightly less active than 1a in the p38α enzymatic assay but displays a superior pharmacokinetic profile and, as such, was more effective in both the acute murine model of inflammation and pseudoestablished rat AA model. The binding mode of 7k with p38α was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Disponibilidade Biológica , Células CACO-2 , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Técnicas In Vitro , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Pirróis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(19): 5864-8, 2010 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20732813

RESUMO

The design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a series of 2-aminothiazol-5-yl-pyrimidines as novel p38α MAP kinase inhibitors are described. These efforts led to the identification of 41 as a potent p38α inhibitor that utilizes a unique nitrogen-sulfur intramolecular nonbonding interaction to stabilize the conformation required for binding to the p38α active site. X-ray crystallographic studies that confirm the proposed binding mode of this class of inhibitors in p38 α and provide evidence for the proposed intramolecular nitrogen-sulfur interaction are discussed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Nitrogênio/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Enxofre/química , Tiazóis/química , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Drogas , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/farmacologia
11.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(8): 2739-44, 2008 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18364256

RESUMO

A novel series of compounds based on the pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine ring system have been identified as potent p38 alpha MAP kinase inhibitors. The synthesis, structure-activity relationships (SAR), and in vivo activity of selected analogs from this class of inhibitors are reported. Additional studies based on X-ray co-crystallography have revealed that one of the potent inhibitors from this series binds to the DFG-out conformation of the p38 alpha enzyme.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirróis/química , Triazinas/síntese química , Triazinas/farmacologia , Amidas/química , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
12.
J Med Chem ; 51(1): 4-16, 2008 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18072718

RESUMO

A novel structural class of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase inhibitors consisting of substituted 4-(phenylamino)-pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazines has been discovered. An initial subdeck screen revealed that the oxindole-pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazine lead 2a displayed potent enzyme inhibition (IC 50 60 nM) and was active in a cell-based TNFalpha biosynthesis inhibition assay (IC 50 210 nM). Replacement of the C4 oxindole with 2-methyl-5- N-methoxybenzamide aniline 9 gave a compound with superior p38 kinase inhibition (IC 50 10 nM) and moderately improved functional inhibition in THP-1 cells. Further replacement of the C6 ester of the pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazine with amides afforded compounds with increased potency, excellent oral bioavailability, and robust efficacy in a murine model of acute inflammation (murine LPS-TNFalpha). In rodent disease models of chronic inflammation, multiple compounds demonstrated significant inhibition of disease progression leading to the advancement of 2 compounds 11b and 11j into further preclinical and toxicological studies.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Drogas , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Pirróis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
13.
14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 128(32): 10572-88, 2006 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16895426

RESUMO

A highly convergent, enantioselective total synthesis of the aglycone of the tetrocarcins, (+)-tetronolide, is described. The synthesis highlights the use of several new methods, including camphor auxiliary-directed asymmetric alkylation and the enantioselective preparation of acyclic mixed acetals bearing chirality at the acetal center, and the highly efficient connection of the two major precursors via a ketene-trapping/intramolecular [4 + 2] cycloaddition strategy.


Assuntos
Aminoglicosídeos/síntese química , Etilenos/química , Cetonas/química , Aminoglicosídeos/química , Ciclização , Estrutura Molecular , Estereoisomerismo
15.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 5(10): 1005-16, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16178743

RESUMO

Small molecule inhibition of protein kinases in the treatment of significant diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis has attracted significant attention over the past two decades and has clearly become one of the most significant challenges for drug discovery in the 21st century. While the recent identification of 518 different kinases in the human genome has offered a wealth of opportunities for drug intervention in the treatment of these diseases, it has also created a daunting challenge with respect to selective kinase inhibition as a viable strategy in target-based drug design. Over the past decade, the design and development of a small molecule that selectively inhibits the p38 mitogen activated protein (MAP) kinase has clearly emerged as one of these challenges within the industry. This review will focus on the comparison of the x-ray crystal structures and binding models of the most recent p38 inhibitor-enzyme complexes and the identification of the structural elements and interactions that may be important in providing inhibitor potency and selectivity toward the p38 MAP kinase.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Benzamidas/química , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Interações de Medicamentos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Indóis/química , Indóis/farmacologia , Modelos Químicos , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Conformação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Especificidade por Substrato
16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 127(39): 13589-97, 2005 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16190724

RESUMO

The structure elucidation of (+)-amphidinolide A, a cytotoxic macrolide, has been accomplished by employing a combination of total synthesis and NMR spectroscopic analysis. Amphidinolide A possesses two skipped 1,4-diene subunits which are accessible by ruthenium-catalyzed alkene-alkyne couplings. Previous total syntheses had revealed that the reported structure was incorrect; therefore, to incorporate maximum flexibility into the synthesis, with the ultimate goal of determining the correct structure, a highly convergent approach was chosen. Furthermore, liberal use was made of catalytic asymmetric transformations to set individual stereocenters. Three different strategies were envisioned for the end game, and due to the highly convergent nature of the synthesis, all three routes disconnect to the same three key intermediates, 5, 6, and 7. Diastereomers of 6 and 7 were easily prepared by modification of the synthetic routes to allow access to multiple diastereomers of 1 for structural determination.


Assuntos
Lactonas/síntese química , Catálise , Lactonas/química , Macrolídeos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Estereoisomerismo
17.
J Am Chem Soc ; 127(39): 13598-610, 2005 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16190725

RESUMO

The structure elucidation of (+)-amphidinolide A, a cytotoxic macrolide, has been accomplished by employing a combination of NMR chemical shift analysis and total synthesis. The 20-membered ring of amphidinolide A was formed by a ruthenium-catalyzed alkene-alkyne coupling to forge the C15-C16 bond. Using the reported structure 1 as a starting point, a number of diastereomers of amphidinolide A were prepared. Deviations of the chemical shift of key protons in each isomer relative to the natural material were used as a guide to determine the locations of the errors in the relative stereochemistry. The spectroscopic data for the synthetic and natural material are in excellent agreement.


Assuntos
Lactonas/química , Lactonas/síntese química , Macrolídeos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Estrutura Molecular
18.
J Med Chem ; 48(20): 6261-70, 2005 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16190753

RESUMO

A novel class of 5-cyanopyrimidine-based inhibitors of p38alpha MAP kinase has been investigated. Analogues optimized through SAR iterations display low nanomolar enzymatic and cellular activity. The in vivo efficacy of this class of p38 inhibitors was demonstrated by 3a and 3b (>50% reduction in TNF levels when orally dosed at 5 mg/kg, 5 h prior to LPS administration in an acute murine model of inflammation). For 3a and 3b, the previously identified N-methoxybenzamide moiety (1) was replaced with N-(isoxazol-3-yl)benzamide, thereby providing increased metabolic stability. Cyanopyrimidine 3a demonstrated 100% oral bioavailability in mouse. High p38 kinase selectivity versus over 20 kinases was observed for analogue 3b. Direct hydrogen bonding of the cyano nitrogen of the 5-cyanopyrimidine core to the backbone NH of Met109 was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis of 3a bound to p38alpha.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Benzamidas/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Nitrilos/síntese química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Benzamidas/química , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Células Cultivadas , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Nitrilos/química , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
19.
J Med Chem ; 47(25): 6283-91, 2004 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15566298

RESUMO

A new structural class of triaminotriazine aniline amides possessing potent p38 enzyme activity has been discovered. The initial hit (compound 1a) was identified through screening the Pharmacopeia ECLiPS compound collection. SAR modification led to the identification of a short acting triaminotriazine aniline methoxyamide (compound 1m) possessing in vitro and in vivo oral activity in animal models of acute and chronic inflammatory disease. An X-ray crystal structure of compound 1m in this class, cocrystallized with unactivated p38 alpha protein, indicates that these compounds bind to the ATP binding pocket and possess key H-bonding interactions within a deeper cleft. Hydrogen bonding between one of the triazine nitrogens and the backbone NH of the Met109 residue occurs through a water molecule. The methoxyamide NH and carbonyl oxygen are within H-bonding distance of Glu71 and Asp168.


Assuntos
Amidas/síntese química , Compostos de Anilina/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Benzamidas/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Amidas/química , Amidas/farmacologia , Compostos de Anilina/química , Compostos de Anilina/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Benzamidas/química , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/química , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/química
20.
J Med Chem ; 46(11): 2110-6, 2003 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12747783

RESUMO

A series of unique indazoles and pyridoindolones have been rationally designed and synthesized as novel classes of cannabinoid ligands based on a proposed bioactive amide conformation. This has led to the discovery of the novel indolopyridone 3a as a conformationally constrained cannabinoid ligand that displays high affinity for the CB2 receptor (K(i)(CB2) = 1.0 nM) and possesses antiinflammatory properties when administered orally in an in vivo murine inflammation model.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Canabinoides/metabolismo , Indóis/síntese química , Norbornanos/síntese química , Piridonas/síntese química , Receptores de Droga/agonistas , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Cricetinae , Desenho de Drogas , Feminino , Humanos , Indóis/química , Indóis/farmacologia , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Ligantes , Lipopolissacarídeos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Norbornanos/química , Norbornanos/farmacologia , Piridonas/química , Piridonas/farmacologia , Receptores de Canabinoides , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
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