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Nanoscale ; 12(30): 15923-15943, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510069


Electrochemical power sources, as one of the most promising energy storage and conversion technologies, provide great opportunities for developing high energy density electrochemical devices and portable electronics. However, uncontrolled ionic transport in electrochemical energy conversion, typically undesired anion transfer, usually causes some issues degrading the performance of energy storage devices. Nanochannels offer an effective strategy to solve the ionic transport problems for boosting electrochemical energy storage and conversion. In this review, the advantages of nanochannels for electrochemical energy storage and conversion and the construction principle of nanochannels are introduced, including ion selectivity and ultrafast ion transmission of nanochannels, which are considered as two critical factors to achieve highly efficient energy conversion. Recent advances in applications of nanochannels in lithium secondary batteries (LSBs), electrokinetic energy conversion systems and concentration cells are summarized in detail. Nanochannels exist in the above systems in two typical forms: functional separator and electrode protective layer. Current research on nanochannel-based LSBs is still at the early stage, and deeper and broader applications are expected in the future. Finally, the remaining challenges of nanochannel fabrication, performance improvement, and intelligent construction are presented. It is envisioned that this paper will provide new insights for developing high-performance and versatile energy storage electronics based on nanochannels.

Sci Total Environ ; 723: 137991, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213407


Biochar has been received increasing concerns regarding its environmental effect, which is promising in wastewater treatment. In this study, the performance of ß-cyclodextrin functionalized biochar (ß-BC) on the removal of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in wastewater treatment under the co-stresses of heavy metals and dye is evaluated. Results show that when 20 mg/L heavy metals (HMs) and 150 mg/L methyl orange (MO) are present in daily fed influent, only 0.05 mg/L HMs residual and 96.79%-98.84% MO removal efficiency achieved in ß-BC additive group, compare to 0.16 mg/L and 87.92%-94.11% of that in control, respectively, indicating that ß-BC can benefits the performance of contaminants removal. To evaluate the role of ß-BC plays on ARGs in multi-contaminants stressed system, tet W, tet M, sul-1, sul-2, blaTEM, oxa-1, qnr-S, erm-B and intI-1 are identified. The relative abundance of all identified ARGs are decreased when ß-BC presence compared to the corresponding groups without ß-BC additive. The diversity and composition of microbial community are explored and the reduction of potential antibiotic-resistant bacteria is speculated as a driver of ARGs removal. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that ß-BC possesses the ability to promote the removal of ARGs during continuous wastewater treatment under HMs-MO co-contaminant.

Metais Pesados/análise , beta-Ciclodextrinas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Carvão Vegetal , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes Bacterianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Águas Residuárias/análise