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1.
J Med Chem ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591748

RESUMO

SAR efforts directed at identifying RORγt inverse agonists structurally different from our clinical compound 1 (BMS-986251) led to tricyclic-carbocyclic analogues represented by 3-7 and culminated in the identification of 3d (BMS-986313), with structural differences distinct from 1. The X-ray co-crystal structure of 3d with the ligand binding domain of RORγt revealed several key interactions, which are different from 1. The in vitro and in vivo PK profiles of 3d are described. In addition, we demonstrate robust efficacy of 3d in two preclinical models of psoriasis-the IMQ-induced skin lesion model and the IL-23-induced acanthosis model. The efficacy seen with 3d in these models is comparable to the results observed with 1.

2.
J Med Chem ; 63(23): 15050-15071, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261314

RESUMO

Scaffold hopping and structure-based drug design were employed to identify substituted 4-aminoquinolines and 4-aminonaphthyridines as potent, small molecule inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα). Structure-activity relationships in both the quinoline and naphthyridine series leading to the identification of compound 42 with excellent potency and pharmacokinetic profile are discussed. X-ray co-crystal structure analysis and ultracentrifugation experiments clearly demonstrate that these inhibitors distort the TNFα trimer upon binding, leading to aberrant signaling when the trimer binds to TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1). Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic activity of compound 42 in a TNF-induced IL-6 mouse model and in vivo activity in a collagen antibody-induced arthritis model, where it showed biologic-like in vivo efficacy, will be discussed.

3.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 11(11): 2195-2203, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33214829

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) has been shown to play a key role in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity. Therefore, the inhibition of the kinase activity of BTK with a small molecule inhibitor could offer a breakthrough in the clinical treatment of many autoimmune diseases. This Letter describes the discovery of BMS-986143 through systematic structure-activity relationship (SAR) development. This compound benefits from defined chirality derived from two rotationally stable atropisomeric axes, providing a potent and selective single atropisomer with desirable efficacy and tolerability profiles.

4.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 192: 113651, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010500

RESUMO

A pure ß-​D-​Glucopyranosiduronic acid metabolite (≥98.0 % purity and a single impurity ≤0.50 %) was requested for biological studies. Due to its unusual instability, the purification of the glucuronide metabolite was extremely challenging. Initially, the crude sample (89 % HPLC area purity) was purified on a Waters SunFire C8 OBD column with 40 mM ammonium acetate buffer and acetonitrile as the mobile phase under a gradient program. The purified glucuronide metabolite solid was obtained by evaporation and lyophilization. However, this procedure yielded the target compound with 97.6 % HPLC area purity and did not meet the requirements. Through the investigation, lyophilization was identified as the key step for the purity of the metabolite, and further lyophilization resulted in an increased amount of the degraded impurities. To better understand the compound, stability studies of the purified metabolite were conducted under sample media, organic solvent, acid, base, and light exposure. The compound was observed to be extremely unstable in water, acid, base and methanol, and sensitive to light, but relatively stable in ammonium acetate buffer (pH 5.0). Taking into account compound stability and the initial purification method, the improved purification procedure was successfully developed and the purified glucuronide metabolite was obtained with 99.2 % HPLC area purity and 0.39 % of the largest single impurity.

5.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(23): 127521, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882417

RESUMO

In order to rapidly develop C6 and C8 SAR of our reported tricyclic sulfone series of RORγt inverse agonists, a late-stage bromination was employed. Although not regioselective, the bromination protocol allowed us to explore new substitution patterns/vectors that otherwise would have to be incorporated at the very beginning of the synthesis. Based on the SAR obtained from this exercise, compound 15 bearing a C8 fluorine was developed as a very potent and selective RORγt inverse agonist. This analog's in vitro profile, pharmacokinetic (PK) data and efficacy in an IL-23 induced mouse acanthosis model will be discussed.

6.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(17): 127392, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738966

RESUMO

A novel series of cis-3,4-diphenylpyrrolidines were designed as RORγt inverse agonists based on the binding conformation of previously reported bicyclic sulfonamide 1. Preliminary synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) study established (3S,4S)-3-methyl-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-(1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-hydroxyprop-2-yl)phenyl)pyrrolidine as the most effective scaffold. Subsequent SAR optimization led to identification of a piperidinyl carboxamide 31, which was potent against RORγt (EC50 of 61 nM in an inverse agonist assay), selective relative to RORα, RORß, LXRα and LXRß, and stable in human and mouse liver microsomes. Furthermore, compound 31 exhibited considerably lower PXR Ymax (46%) and emerged as a promising lead. The binding mode of the diphenylpyrrolidine series was established with an X-ray co-crystal structure of 10A/RORγt.

7.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(19): 127466, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763309

RESUMO

RORγt is the master regulator of the IL-23/IL-17 axis, a pathway that is clinically validated for the treatment of various immunological disorders. Over the last few years, our group has reported different chemotypes that potently act as inverse agonists of RORγt. One of them, the tricyclic pyrrolidine chemotype, has demonstrated biologic-like preclinical efficacy and has led to our clinical candidate BMS-986251. In this letter, we discuss the invention of an annulation reaction which enabled the synthesis of a tricyclic exocyclic amide chemotype and the identification of compounds with RORγt inverse agonist activity. Preliminary structure activity relationships are disclosed.

8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(19): 127441, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736080

RESUMO

In an effort to discover oral inverse agonists of RORγt to treat inflammatory diseases, a new 2,6-difluorobenzyl ether series of cyclopentyl sulfones were found to be surprisingly more potent than the corresponding alcohol derivatives. When combined with a more optimized phenyl ((R)-3-phenylpyrrolidin-3-yl)sulfone template, the 2,6-difluorobenzyl ethers yielded a set of very potent RORγt inverse agonists (e.g., compound 26, RORγt Gal4 EC50 11 nM) that are highly selective against PXR, LXRα and LXRß. After optimizing for stability in human and mouse liver microsomes, compounds 29 and 38 were evaluated in vivo and found to have good oral bioavailability (56% and 101%, respectively) in mice. X-ray co-crystal structure of compound 27 in RORγt revealed that the bulky benzyl ether group causes helix 11 of the protein to partially uncoil to create a new, enlarged binding site, which nicely accommodates the benzyl ether moiety, leading to net potency gain.

9.
J Org Chem ; 85(16): 10988-10993, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687358

RESUMO

We describe an efficient synthetic route to differentially protected diester, 1-(tert-butyl) 4-methyl (1R,2S,4R)-2-methylcyclohexane-1,4-dicarboxylate (+)-1, via palladium-catalyzed methoxycarbonylation of an enol triflate derived from a Hagemann's ester derivative followed by a stereoselective Crabtree hydrogenation. Diester 1 is a novel chiral synthon useful in drug discovery and was instrumental in the generation of useful SAR during a RORγt inverse agonist program. In addition, we describe a second-generation synthesis of the clinical candidate BMS-986251, using diester 1 as a critical component.

10.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 11(6): 1221-1227, 2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32551004

RESUMO

Novel tricyclic analogues were designed, synthesized, and evaluated as RORγt inverse agonists. Several of these compounds were potent in an IL-17 human whole blood assay and exhibited excellent oral bioavailability in mouse pharmacokinetic studies. This led to the identification of compound 5, which displayed dose-dependent inhibition of IL-17F production in a mouse IL-2/IL-23 stimulated pharmacodynamic model. In addition, compound 5 was studied in mouse acanthosis and imiquimod-induced models of skin inflammation, where it demonstrated robust efficacy comparable to a positive control. As a result of this excellent overall profile, compound 5 (BMS-986251) was selected as a clinically viable developmental candidate.

11.
J Med Chem ; 62(21): 9931-9946, 2019 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638797

RESUMO

RORγt is an important nuclear receptor that regulates the production of several pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-17 and IL-22. As a result, RORγt has been identified as a potential target for the treatment of various immunological disorders such as psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Structure and computer-assisted drug design led to the identification of a novel series of tricyclic RORγt inverse agonists with significantly improved in vitro activity in the reporter (Gal4) and human whole blood assays compared to our previous chemotype. Through careful structure activity relationship, several potent and selective RORγt inverse agonists have been identified. Pharmacokinetic studies allowed the identification of the lead molecule 32 with a low peak-to-trough ratio. This molecule showed excellent activity in an IL-2/IL-23-induced mouse pharmacodynamic study and demonstrated biologic-like efficacy in an IL-23-induced preclinical model of psoriasis.


Assuntos
Desenho de Fármacos , Agonismo Inverso de Drogas , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/agonistas , Pirrolidinas/farmacologia , Animais , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/química , Conformação Proteica , Pirrolidinas/química , Pirrolidinas/farmacocinética , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Distribuição Tecidual
12.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 29(16): 2265-2269, 2019 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257087

RESUMO

An X-ray crystal structure of one of our previously discovered RORγt inverse agonists bound to the RORγt ligand binding domain revealed that the cyclohexane carboxylic acid group of compound 2 plays a significant role in RORγt binding, forming four hydrogen bonding and ionic interactions with RORγt. SAR studies centered around the cyclohexane carboxylic acid group led to identification of several structurally diverse and more potent compounds, including new carboxylic acid analogues 7 and 20, and cyclic sulfone analogues 34 and 37. Notably, compounds 7 and 20 were found to maintain the desirable pharmacokinetic profile of 2.


Assuntos
Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/agonistas , Pirrolidinas/farmacologia , Sulfonas/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Agonismo Inverso de Drogas , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Pirrolidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirrolidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonas/administração & dosagem , Sulfonas/química
13.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(3): 367-373, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891142

RESUMO

A new phenyl (3-phenylpyrrolidin-3-yl)sulfone series of RORγt inverse agonists was discovered utilizing the binding conformation of previously reported bicyclic sulfonamide 1. Through a combination of structure-based design and structure-activity relationship studies, a polar set of amides at N1-position of the pyrrolidine ring and perfluoroisopropyl group at para-position of the 3-phenyl group were identified as critical structural elements to achieve high selectivity against PXR, LXRα, and LXRß. Further optimization led to the discovery of (1R,4r)-4-((R)-3-((4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-3-(4-(perfluoropropan-2-yl)phenyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid (26), which displayed excellent selectivity, desirable liability and pharmacokinetic properties in vitro, and a good pharmacokinetic profile in mouse. Oral administration of 26 demonstrated dose-dependent inhibition of IL-17 production in a mouse IL-2/IL-23-induced pharmacodynamic model and biologic-like efficacy in an IL-23-induced mouse acanthosis model.

14.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(3): 383-388, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891145

RESUMO

In sharp contrast to a previously reported series of 6-anilino imidazopyridazine based Tyk2 JH2 ligands, 6-((2-oxo-N1-substituted-1,2-dihydropyridin-3-yl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine analogs were found to display dramatically improved metabolic stability. The N1-substituent on 2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine ring can be a variety of alkyl, aryl, and heteroaryl groups, but among them, 2-pyridyl provided much enhanced Caco-2 permeability, attributed to its ability to form intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Further structure-activity relationship studies at the C3 position led to the identification of highly potent and selective Tyk2 JH2 inhibitor 6, which proved to be highly effective in inhibiting IFNγ production in a rat pharmacodynamics model and fully efficacious in a rat adjuvant arthritis model.

15.
J Med Chem ; 62(5): 2265-2285, 2019 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785748

RESUMO

Recently, our research group reported the identification of BMS-986104 (2) as a differentiated S1P1 receptor modulator. In comparison to fingolimod (1), a full agonist of S1P1 currently marketed for the treatment of relapse remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), 2 offers several potential advantages having demonstrated improved safety multiples in preclinical evaluations against undesired pulmonary and cardiovascular effects. In clinical trials, 2 was found to exhibit a pharmacokinetic half-life ( T1/2) longer than that of 1, as well as a reduced formation of the phosphate metabolite that is required for activity against S1P1. Herein, we describe our efforts to discover highly potent, partial agonists of S1P1 with a shorter T1/2 and increased in vivo phosphate metabolite formation. These efforts culminated in the discovery of BMS-986166 (14a), which was advanced to human clinical evaluation. The pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship as well as pulmonary and cardiovascular safety assessments are discussed. Furthermore, efficacy of 14a in multiple preclinical models of autoimmune diseases are presented.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Receptores de Esfingosina-1-Fosfato/agonistas , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/farmacologia , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Naftalenos/química , Naftalenos/farmacocinética , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/química , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/farmacocinética
16.
J Chromatogr A ; 1586: 106-115, 2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30578026

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) plays an essential role in multiple cell types responsible for numerous autoimmune diseases, thus inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases. Preparative-scale super/subcritical fluid chromatography (SFC) separation methods for four groups of highly potent and selective BTK inhibitor atropisomers were successfully developed. Depending on the rotation barrier around the chiral axis, the compounds were prepared as a single stereochemically stable atropisomer or as an atropisomeric mixture. Among the four, compound 2 with one rotationally stable atropisomeric center (carbazole/quinazolinedione based) was resolved as a mixture of two atropisomers, while compound 3 (carbazole-chlorine/quinazolinedione based) and 4 (tetrahydrocarbazole-fluorine/quinazolinedione based) with two rotationally stable atropisomeric centers were resolved into a single stable atropisomer. This article discusses the challenges and strategies in preparing large quantities of these atropisomeric active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) in support of the BTK program discovery efforts.


Assuntos
Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia/antagonistas & inibidores , Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico/métodos , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/análise , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/isolamento & purificação , Descoberta de Drogas/instrumentação , Humanos , Estereoisomerismo
17.
J Chromatogr A ; 1531: 122-130, 2018 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29174572

RESUMO

Analysis and purification of boronic acid pinacol esters by RPLC is very challenging due to their degradation in aqueous and alcoholic solvents. These compounds are difficult to purify by SFC too as they are equally sensitive to traditional co-solvents like methanol, ethanol, and 2-propanol. 2,2,2 trifluoroethanol (TFE), which has been reported for the purification of a few alcohol sensitive compounds, was evaluated as a co-solvent in this study for the purification of chiral and achiral boronate esters by SFC. Examples of twelve compounds were presented in this paper where degradation of boronic acid pinacol esters was successfully controlled by replacing methanol with TFE as the co-solvent in SFC. A separate study showed that TFE can also control the epimerization of the enantiomers of 3 substituted 1,4 benzodiazepine analogues during the purification process. In addition to above benefits, 2,2,2trifloroethanol showed improved selectivity and resolution for most of the compounds. With its stronger solvent strength compared to other alcohols, TFE could also be used to reduce the co-solvent percentage needed for elution and to shorten retention time of highly polar samples which did not elute even in 50% of other co-solvents in SFC. A case study of compound B demonstrated that TFE provided a reduced co-solvent percentage and a shorter cycle time with much improved resolution as compared to methanol, thus resulting in higher loading and throughput with reduction of total solvent consumption.


Assuntos
Ácidos Borônicos/química , Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico/métodos , Ésteres/isolamento & purificação , Solventes/química , Trifluoretanol/química , Ésteres/química , Metanol/química , Estereoisomerismo
18.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(2): 85-93, 2018 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29233651

RESUMO

We disclose the optimization of a high throughput screening hit to yield benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamides as potent RORγt inverse agonists. However, a majority of these compounds showed potent activity against pregnane X receptor (PXR) and modest activity against liver X receptor α (LXRα). Structure-based drug design (SBDD) led to the identification of benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamide analogs which completely dialed out LXRα activity and were less potent at PXR. Pharmacodynamic (PD) data for compound 35 in an IL-23 induced IL-17 mouse model is discussed along with the implications of a high Ymax in the PXR assay for long term preclinical pharmacokinetic (PK) studies.


Assuntos
Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Propanóis/farmacologia , Receptores do Ácido Retinoico/agonistas , Receptores de Esteroides/agonistas , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/síntese química , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Receptores X do Fígado/agonistas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Receptor de Pregnano X , Propanóis/síntese química , Propanóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
19.
J Chromatogr A ; 1530: 176-184, 2017 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29162234

RESUMO

During a preparative separation of the cis enantiomeric pair of benzyl-2,3-dihydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylate using supercritical-fluid chromatography (SFC) with methanol modifier, significant degradation of the products in the collected fractions was observed when a Waters SFC-350® (Milford, MA, USA) was used, but same was not observed when a Waters SFC-80q® (Milford, MA, USA) was used. Through a systematic investigation, we discovered that the compound degraded over time under an acidic condition created by the formation of methyl carbonic acid from methanol and CO2. The extent of the product degradation was dependent on the time and the concentration of CO2 remained in the product fraction, which was governed by the efficiency of CO2-methanol separation during the fraction collection. Hence, we demonstrated that the different designs of CO2-solvent separator (high pressurized cyclone in Waters SFC-350® and low-pressurized vortexing separator in Waters SFC-80q®®) had a significant impact on the degradation of an acid-sensitive compound. The acidity caused by CO2 in methanol was supported by diminished degradation after a nitrogen purging or after neutralizing the collected fractions with a base. Three different solutions to overcome the degradation problem of the acid sensitive compounds using SFC-350® with the high pressurized separator were investigated and demonstrated. The degraded products were isolated as four enantiomers and their relative stereochemistry were established based on 2D NMR data along with the plausible mechanism of degradation.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico , Solventes/química , Ácido Carbônico/química , Metanol/química , Piperidinas/química , Pressão , Estereoisomerismo
20.
J Org Chem ; 82(19): 10376-10387, 2017 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28877441

RESUMO

An efficient large-scale synthesis of acid 1, a penultimate precursor to the HCV NS5A inhibitor BMS-986097, along with the final API step are described. Three routes were devised for the synthesis of 1 at the various stages of the program. The third generation route, the one that proved scalable and is the main subject of this paper, features a one-step Michael addition of t-butyl 2-((diphenylmethylene)amino)acetate (24) to (E)-benzyl 4-(1-hydroxycyclopropyl)but-2-enoate (28) followed by cyclization and chiral separation to form 27c, the core skeleton of cap piece 1. The epimerization and chiral resolution of 27c followed by further synthetic manipulations involving the carbamate formation, lactone reduction and cyclization, afforded cyclopropyl pyran 1. A detailed study of diphenylmethane deprotection via acid hydrolysis as well as a key lactone to tetrahydropyran conversion, in order to avoid a side reaction that afforded an alternative cyclization product, are discussed. This synthesis was applied to the preparation of more than 100 g of the final API BMS-986097 for toxicology studies.


Assuntos
Antivirais/síntese química , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Imidazóis/síntese química , Piranos/farmacologia , Pirrolidinas/síntese química , Compostos de Espiro/síntese química , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/antagonistas & inibidores , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/farmacologia , Imidazóis/química , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Piranos/síntese química , Piranos/química , Pirrolidinas/química , Pirrolidinas/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/química , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo
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