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1.
Food Chem ; 303: 125407, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466032

RESUMO

Theaflavin (TF), which is the key pigment in black tea, is a health-promoting food component with beneficial effects on humans. However, the interactions by which these effects are transferred and exerted into protein-rich foods are unclear. Here, egg ovalbumin (OVA) was selected as a representative dietary protein to ascertain their binding mechanism. Steady-state, time-resolved fluorescence and isothermal titration calorimetric results showed that TF can interact well with OVA with an affinity magnitude of 104. The noncovalent binding was mainly driven by hydrophobic interaction and hydrogen bonds. Structural analysis displayed that the TF binding pocket significantly overlapped with one of the surrounding specific IgE-binding epitopes, thereby causing a subtle structural adjustment on the secondary conformation of OVA. The biological complexation model that was delineated here will help understand how black tea dyes egg white in tea egg products and for the development of protein-rich carriers in functional foods.

2.
Talanta ; 207: 120247, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594578

RESUMO

The massive accumulation of plant growth regulators (PGRs) in Panax ginseng causes serious harm to human health. A new analytical method for the simultaneous determination of multiple PGRs in 19 types of fresh Panax ginseng is developed by a new designed wool cluster-inspired ionic liquid-functionalized ordered mesoporous silica-integrated dispersive solid-phase extraction coupled to high performance liquid chromatography (IL-WFOMS-I-DSPE-HPLC). The proposed method combines the advantages of the multiple adsorption mechanisms, high mass transfer rate and large adsorption capacity of the synthesized IL-WFOMS adsorbent with the safe, convenient operation of the new designed I-DSPE method. Under optimized conditions, the recoveries at three spike levels were in a range of 77.6-98.3% for 3-indole acetic acid (IAA), 3-indole propionic acid (IPA), 3-indole butyric acid (IBA), and 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) with the relative standard deviations (RSD) ≤8.6%, n = 3. This method exhibits the advantages of safety, convenience, reliability, and has great potential for simultaneous determination of multiple trace PGRs in complex sample matrices.

3.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 339, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597567

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pemetrexed combined with platinum complexes can be used as first-line treatment for advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, the efficacy and safety is varying from individuals. There is a need to better understand the genetic variations associated with platinum response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed next-generation sequencing (NGS) based on BGI Oseq-ctDNA panel to analyze 98 longitudinal plasma samples from 32 lung adenocarcinoma patients during platinum-based chemotherapy, and a bioinformatic pipeline was developed to detect point mutations. RESULTS: We found that mutation burden was decreased after chemotherapy, which reflected chemotherapy sensitivity, especially the frequency of C>G and C>A substitutions. Moreover, neoplastic cells carrying a specific set of somatic mutations, such as EGFR(L858R), KRAS (p.G12C) were obviously correlated with platinum treatment. In addition, the MAPK pathway was found to have a pivotal role in NSCLC and platinum based response. Finally, we found that smokers benefit less from platinum-based chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, this work described the dynamic changes of ctDNA mutation status during platinum-based treatment, which may contribute to advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients stratification and precision treatment.

4.
Physiol Plant ; 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587280

RESUMO

Double-flower loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) is a new germplasm with homeotic transformation of stamen into petal in whorl 3. However, little information is available on the molecular mechanism of this transformation. Herein, we analyzed the transcriptome, candidate genes and endogenous hormones to investigate the mechanisms underlying this homeotic transformation. Some transcription factors, such as MADS-box, TCP and MYB, were significantly differentially expressed. Importantly, we confirmed that one of these (DN39625_c0_g1), which encoded a C-class floral homeotic protein referred to as AGAMOUS ortholog (EjAG), was significantly downregulated. Subcellular localization of EjAG was found to be in the nucleus. Ectopic expression of EjAG rescued the development of stamens and carpels from the double-flower phenotype in an Arabidopsis ag mutant, suggesting that EjAG expression is associated with double-flower formation. Meanwhile, enrichment analyses showed that the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were mainly involved in the metabolic pathways of hormone signal transduction. The DEGs of auxin, gibberellin A (GA) and cytokinin signaling pathways were mainly upregulated. However, the DEGs of abscisic acid (ABA) and the ethylene signaling pathway were mainly downregulated. Accordingly, the concentrations of indoleacetic acid, kinetin and GA3 were high at the petaloid stamen stage, but the ABA concentration remained low. The identified genes and pathways provide abundant sequence resources for studying the mechanisms underlying the homeotic transformation in loquat and other Rosaceae species. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Biomarkers ; : 1-18, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587591

RESUMO

Cardiac autophagy inhibitory factor (CAIF) is a novel lncRNA with protective effects on myocardial infarction. We explored the involvement of CAIF in end-stage cardiomyopathy. Patients with end-stage cardiomyopathy and healthy volunteers were included in this study. Myocardial tissues and serum were collected. CAIF was detected by RT-qPCR. ROC curve was used for diagnostic analysis. Prognostic value of CAIF expression for end-stage cardiomyopathy was evaluated by survival curve analysis. Correlations between CAIF expression and clinicopathological data of patients with end-stage cardiomyopathy were analyzed by chi-square test. Downregulated CAIF was observed in end-stage cardiomyopathy patients than in healthy controls. CAIF expression distinguished end-stage cardiomyopathy patients from healthy controls and predict the survival of patients. LncRNA CAIF was downregulated in end-stage cardiomyopathy and may serve as a promising prognostic and diagnostic marker for this disease.

6.
J Diabetes Res ; 2019: 4845729, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583249

RESUMO

Aims: To evaluate the performance of a factory-calibrated flash glucose monitoring system in children with diabetes compared to venous blood glucose (BG). Methods: A total of 13 hospitalized participants newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, aged 1~14 years old, were involved in the study. Sensor glucose measurements on days 2, 3, 6, 7, 12, and 13 of wear were compared with venous BG. During these days, the venous BG results were obtained either 4 or 7 times per day. Results: The accuracy was evaluated against venous BG, with 469 of 469 (100.0%) sensor and venous BG pairs within consensus error grid zones A and B, including 94.7% in zone A. The overall mean absolute relative difference (MARD) was 11.67%. The MARD of blood glucose lower than 4.0 mmol/L (MARD = 16.89%) was higher than blood glucose between 4 and 10 mmol/L (MARD = 11.58%) and blood glucose higher than 10 mmol/L (MARD = 7.79%). Compared to venous BG, the MARDs of wear days 2, 3, 6, 7, 12, and 13 were 11.53%, 9.66%, 11.79%, 10.89%, 13.18%, and 13.92%, respectively, with no statistically significant difference (P = 0.25). The median ARD was highest when the glucose decreased >0.11 mmol/L/min (20.27%) and lower than 10.00% when the glucose changed between 0.06 and 0.11 mmol/L/min, changed <0.06 mmol/L/min, and increased >0.11 mmol/L/min. Conclusions: The accuracy of the system is good and remains stable over 14 days of wear; however, the accuracy depends on the glucose level and rates of glucose concentration changes.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e1904123, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583775

RESUMO

Recently, ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs) have attracted considerable attention for potential applications in next-generation memories, owing to attractive advantages such as high-density of data storage, nondestructive readout, fast write/read access, and low energy consumption. Herein, recent progress regarding FTJ devices is reviewed with an emphasis on the modulation of the potential barrier. Electronic and ionic approaches that modulate the ferroelectric barriers themselves and/or induce extra barriers in electrodes or at ferroelectric/electrode interfaces are discussed with the enhancement of memory performance. Emerging physics, such as nanoscale ferroelectricity, resonant tunneling, and interfacial metallization, and the applications of FTJs in nonvolatile data storage, neuromorphic synapse emulation, and electromagnetic multistate memory are summarized. Finally, challenges and perspectives of FTJ devices are underlined.

8.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is a multifactorial autoinflammatory disease (AID), which mainly affects children. There have been hardly any cases reported concerning the Chinese population. We aimed to describe the first cohort of adult PFAPA patients in China. METHODS: We evaluated all the adult patients suffering from PFAPA syndrome diagnosed in our centre from April 2015 through March 2018. The patients were diagnosed clinically, and whole exome sequencing was performed in each patient to rule out mono-genic AIDs. RESULTS: During the study period, a total of 9 adult patients (8 men, 1 woman) with PFAPA syndrome were diagnosed. They all had disease onset in adulthood, and the mean age at onset was 25.2±9.5 years. The mean duration of attacks was 4.1±1.0 days, and the mean interval between attacks was 6.2±2.7 weeks. Apart from periodic fever, which was present in all patients, pharyngitis, cervical adenitis and aphthous stomatitis were present in 89%, 67% and 44% patients, respectively. Other common symptoms included fatigue (100%), headache (56%), and myalgia (55%). Inflammatory markers, except ferritin, increased during attacks and returned to normal afterwards. Glucocorticoids given at onset of attacks were effective, while colchicine and tonsillectomy were of no effect. CONCLUSIONS: Our study is the first to suggest the presence of PFAPA syndrome in the Chinese adult population. Clinicians should take into account PFAPA syndrome when diagnosing patients suffering from recurrent fevers of unknown origin, especially those with pharyngitis, cervical adenopathy and aphthous stomatitis.

9.
Water Res ; 167: 115138, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585382

RESUMO

This study investigated the polyphosphates accumulation rate in a novel sulfur transformation-centric enhanced biological phosphorus removal (SEBPR) process. The SEBPR system was continuously operated over 120 days in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) that alternated between the anaerobic mode and the anoxic mode of operation (temperature: 30 °C and salinity: 6000 mg/L Cl-). In addition to the SBR, batch experiments were carried out to test the effect of two different sulfate concentrations on the system performance and sulfur-phosphorus transformations. The key intercellular polymers of polyphosphates and polysulfur (poly-S) were identified by employing advanced microscopes. Metagenomic analysis was performed to characterize the diversity of microbes and their functions enriched in the SEBPR system. Finally, several molecular techniques including flow cytometry cell sorting and 16S DNA high-throughput sequencing were applied to identify the phosphorus-accumulating organisms (PAOs). The amounts of P release and P uptake in the SEBPR increased gradually to nearly 18 ±â€¯6.4 mg P/L and 26.5 ±â€¯6.7 mg P/L respectively, yielding a net P removal efficiency of 84 ±â€¯25%. Batch tests indicated no polyhydroxyalkanate (PHA) synthesis, but P uptake was observed and it was correlated with the intracellular poly-S consumption, suggesting that the poly-S could act as an intracellular energy source for P uptake and polyphosphates formation. Moreover, CLSM and TEM micrographs clearly showed the presence of intercellular polyphosphates and poly-S respectively. Metagenomic analysis revealed that Proteobacteria (36.5%), Bacteroidetes (23.3%), Thermotogae (7.1%), Chloroflexi (4.5%) and Firmicutes (2.3%) were the dominant phyla in Bacteria. The conventional PAO of Candidatus Accumulibacter was found at a low abundance of 0.32% only; and an uncultured genus close to Rhodobacteraceae at the family level is speculated to be the putative sulfur PAO (SPAO). Finally, this research suggests that poly-S considerably impacts on polyphosphates accumulation in the SEBPR system when no PHAs are formed.

10.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA119026240, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570084

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Early use of antiplatelet drugs within 24 hours after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) has always been a confusing clinical problem. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of early low-dose tirofiban treatment in patients with early neurological deterioration (END) within the first 24 hours after IVT. Methods- This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 1764 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with IVT between January 2017 and September 2018. Patients with early neurological deterioration within the first 24 hours after IVT were treated with or without tirofiban. The safety outcomes included symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, any ICH, severe systemic bleeding, and mortality. Efficacy outcomes included excellent (modified Rankin scale scores 0-1) and favorable (modified Rankin scale scores 0-2) 3-month functional outcomes. Results- Early neurological deterioration occurred in 278 (15.8%) patients. Of the 187 eligible patients, 121 (64.7%) were treated with tirofiban within the first 24 hours after IVT. Adjusted multivariate analysis showed that early tirofiban use was not associated with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.05; 95% CI, 0.088-11.02; P=1.000), ICH (aOR, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.45-4.25; P=0.512), and mortality (aOR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.19-2.27; P=0.875) but was significantly associated with excellent (aOR, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.16-3.94; P=0.027) and favorable (aOR, 2.31; 95% CI, 1.48-3.99; P=0.011) functional outcomes. Subgroup analyses suggested that early tirofiban-use efficacy is time dependent, being more effective in patients receiving tirofiban treatment earlier. Conclusions- Low-dose tirofiban use in patients with early neurological deterioration within the first 24 hours after IVT did not increase the risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, ICH, and mortality, it seems associated with neurological improvement at 3 months. Future randomized clinical trials will be needed to validate these results.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; 692: 1267-1275, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539958

RESUMO

Humans are exposed to disinfection by-products (DBPs) mainly through drinking water ingestion and dermal contact. As an emerging class of nitrogenous DBPs (N-DBPs), haloacetamides (HAcAms) have been found to have significantly higher cytotoxicity than regulated DBPs. In this study, we investigated the cytotoxicity of HAcAms on two exposure pathway-related cell lines: human gastric epithelial GES-1 cells and immortalized keratinocytes HaCaT. Our results showed that the ranking order of cytotoxicity of 13 HAcAms was different between HaCaT and GES-1 cells. In addition, the 50% inhibitive concentration in HaCaT was 1.01-3.29 times that in GES-1. Further comparison among GES-1, HaCaT and CHO cell lines confirmed that different cell lines exhibited different sensitivity to the same compound. Importantly, HAcAms showed 5.83-7.13 × 104 times higher toxicity than the well-clarified DBP chloroform, clearly demonstrating the increased toxicity of HAcAms. Finally, using a novel high-content screening (HCS) analysis, we found that 39.29% of chlorinated HAcAms, 42.86% of brominated HAcAms and 16.07% of iodinated HAcAms significantly affected at least one of the cell-health parameters, such as nuclear size, membrane permeability, mitochondrial membrane potential, or cytochrome c release, in GES-1 or HaCaT cells. Thus, brominated HAcAms appear to have stronger effects under the sublethal exposure dose, possibly causing cytotoxicity via apoptosis. Together, our study provides new insights to the toxicity of HAcAms and a comprehensive toxicology dataset for health risk assessment.

12.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 65(6): 96-100, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472054

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignant tumor that seriously threatens human health and quality of life. At present, the search for safe and more effective treatment for CRC has become necessary. The present study investigated the anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects of sesamolin on human colorectal cancer (HCT116) cells, and the underlying mechanism. Cell proliferation was determined using MTT assay, while the expressions of JAK2, STAT3 and p-STA3 were determined using Western blotting. The levels of expression of matrix metalloproteinases-1, 2 and 9 (MMP1, MMP2 and MMP9) were determined using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The degree of migration and invasion of the cells was assessed using wound healing assay. The results of MTT assay showed that sesamolin significantly and time- and dose-dependently inhibited the proliferation of HCT116 cells (p < 0.05). Treatment of HCT116 cells with sesamolin significantly inhibited their migratory ability (p < 0.05). The expressions of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 were significantly down-regulated 48 h after 20 µM of JAK2 specific inhibitor (AG490) was added to HCT116 cells (p < 0.05). The expression of p-STAT3 was also significantly and dose-dependently down-regulated 6 h after treatment of HCT116 cells with sesamolin (p < 0.05). Sesamolin and AG490 had synergistic effect and their combination significantly down-regulated the expression of p-STAT3, when compared with sesamolin alone (p < 0.05). Treatment of HCT116 cells with sesamolin significantly and dose-dependently reduced the levels of IL-6-induced expressions of MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 (p < 0.05). These results suggest that sesamolin induces apoptosis in HCT116 cells and prevents cell invasion via inhibition of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

13.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 90(8): 083101, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472633

RESUMO

We designed a dual-wavelength photon-counting laser interferometer for absolute distance measurement of noncooperative targets. The weak optical interference on the rough surface was measured by a single-photon detector. The range of nonambiguity of the dual-wavelength interferometer was less than 1.2 µm, as the maximum errors of Lg and Lr were 7.8 nm and 9.1 nm caused by the photon-counting measurement and the frequency shift of the two unlocked lasers. We integrated laser triangulation into the interferometer as a coarse measurement, thus increasing the range of nonambiguity to 6.5 mm. As a result, a measurement standard deviation of ∼18 nm was achieved within a range of 1.1 mm in the experiment.

15.
Life Sci ; 235: 116800, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472151

RESUMO

AIMS: It is well known that cigarette smoke (CS) is the main risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) accompanied by skeletal muscle atrophy. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) that remove acetyl groups from target proteins are necessary for the muscle atrophy associated with skeletal muscle disuse. However, the role of HDACs and trichostatin A (TSA), a HDAC inhibitor, in skeletal muscle atrophy caused by CS exposure remains poorly understood. MAIN METHODS: Female mice were exposed to CS twice daily for 40 days and TSA injected intraperitoneally into CS-exposed mice on alternate days. Skeletal muscles were weighed and gastrocnemius (Gas) muscle histomorphology examined by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Histone deacetylases 1 and 2 (HDAC1/2), and markers of ubiquitin degradation, muscle differentiation, apoptosis, pyroptosis, and the cytoskeletal proteins were assessed by western blot and immunohistochemistry in Gas. KEYFINDINGS: CS exposure decreased body and skeletal muscle weights and triggered an increase in the percentage of fiber with centralized nuclei in Gas. HDAC1/2 proteins were upregulated in the Gas of mice exposed to CS, while TSA effectively inhibited HDAC1/2 protein levels and attenuated the loss of body weight and skeletal muscle wet weight induced by CS exposure. Markers for ubiquitin degradation, muscle differentiation, cytoskeletal proteins, apoptosis and pyroptosis were all upregulated following CS exposure and effectively restored by TSA. SIGNIFICANCE: TSA may inhibit skeletal muscle atrophy and histomorphological alterations induced by CS exposure by downregulating markers of ubiquitin degradation, muscle fiber differentiation, cytoskeletal proteins, apoptosis and pyroptosis via HDAC1/2 inhibition.

16.
Brain Res ; 1725: 146432, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491422

RESUMO

Therapeutic transplantation of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) holds great promise for ischemic stroke, yet the efficacy is negatively impacted by aging. Here, we examined whether hypoxia conditioning could enhance aged human BMSCs-induced neuroprotection via secretome action. Primary cultured mouse neurons were exposed to oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) to mimic ischemic stroke in vitro, then randomized into a hypoxia conditioned aged human BMSCs-conditioned medium (BMSC-hypoCM) versus normoxia conditioned (BMSC-norCM). After 22 h of reperfusion, cell viability was significantly increased in neurons treated with BMSC-hypoCM rather than BMSC-norCM. ELISA revealed that hypoxia conditioning enhanced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) release into BMSC-derived CM. Blocking the VEGF receptor negated BMSC-hypoCM-induced protection for neurons against OGD insult. Altogether, our data indicates that hypoxia conditioning improves aged human BMSCs' therapeutic efficacy for neurons with ischemic challenge, in part via promoting secretion of VEGF.

17.
Anal Chem ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498582

RESUMO

We report a new combinatorial approach of stable isotopic labeling (SIL)-solid phase extraction (SPE)-liquid chromatography-tandem high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS/MS) for identification of amino-containing contaminants at trace levels in source water. The new SIL method requires small amounts of formaldehyde (CH2O) and deuterated formaldehyde (CD2O) to efficiently label ng/L amino compounds in 1 L of water and improves SPE recovery, enabling environmental analysis of trace amino-compounds. Isotopically methylated components were confirmed using LC-MS/MS based on their retention times, and characteristic isotope patterns of the molecular and product ions. Using the characteristic isotope patterns, we established a data prioritization process to identify the amino compounds in thousands of mass peaks in raw data. Analysis of a labeled authentic source water detected 8952 m/z peaks and tentatively identified 154 amino compounds. Our SIL-methylation prioritization approach effectively reduced the complexity of data. Manual spectrum interpretation identified 77 of the 154 components as amino acids and peptides. We confirmed 8 of the 77 compounds using commercially available standards to demonstrate the feasibility and reliability of our SIL-SPE-LC-HRMS/MS method for environmental analysis of trace amino-containing contaminants. The method can efficiently identify amino-precursors in source water, enabling other studies of nitrogenous disinfection byproduct formation.

18.
Water Res ; 166: 115038, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505308

RESUMO

Sulfide-oxidizing autotrophic denitrification (SOAD) implemented in a moving-bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) is a promising alternative to conventional heterotrophic denitrification in mainstream biological nitrogen removal. The sulfide-oxidation intermediate - elemental sulfur - is crucial for the kinetic and microbial properties of the sulfur-oxidizing bacterial communities, but its role is yet to be studied in depth. Hence, to investigate the performance and microbial communities of the aforementioned new biosystem, we operated for a long term a laboratory-scale (700 d) SOAD MBBR to treat synthetic saline domestic sewage, with an increase of the surface loading rate from 8 to 50 mg N/(m2·h) achieved by shortening the hydraulic retention time from 12 h to 2 h. The specific reaction rates of the reactor were eventually increased up to 0.37 kg N/(m3·d) and 0.73 kg S/(m3·d) for nitrate reduction and sulfide oxidation with no significant sulfur elemental accumulation. Two sulfur-oxidizing bacterial (SOB) clades, Sox-independent SOB (SOBI) and Sox-dependent SOB (SOBII), were responsible for indirect two-step sulfur oxidation (S2-→S0→SO42-) and direct one-step sulfur oxidation (S2-→SO42-), respectively. The SOBII biomass-specific electron transfer capacity could be around 2.5 times greater than that of SOBI (38 mmol e-/(gSOBII·d) versus 15 mmol e-/(gSOBI·d)), possibly resulting in the selection of SOBII over SOBI under stress conditions (such as a shorter HRT). Further studies on the methods and mechanism of selecting of SOBII over SOBI in biofilm reactors are recommended. Overall, the findings shed light on the design and operation of MBBR-based SOAD processes for mainstream biological denitrification.

20.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 60: 104767, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539731

RESUMO

The effects of high-intensity ultrasonic (HIU) treatment on the functional properties of egg yolk were studied in the present work. After HIU treatment, the emulsifying, foaming and gel properties of the egg yolk solution significantly increased, but the foam stability decreased. SDS-PAGE results showed that there was no obvious change in the protein bands of egg yolk, indicating that the yolk proteins did not undergo covalent crosslinking or degradation. HIU treatment enhanced the zeta potential of egg yolk components in solution and increased the free sulfhydryl content of egg yolk proteins. Moreover, the particle size distribution of egg yolk components in solution changed markedly, and these changes demonstrated that HIU treatment caused the aggregation of yolk low-density lipoprotein and the partial dissociation of yolk granules. These results revealed that HIU treatment could change the aggregation of yolk components, which in turn could influence the solution characteristics of egg yolk, finally resulting in changes to the functional properties of egg yolk.

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