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1.
Talanta ; 207: 120247, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594578

RESUMO

The massive accumulation of plant growth regulators (PGRs) in Panax ginseng causes serious harm to human health. A new analytical method for the simultaneous determination of multiple PGRs in 19 types of fresh Panax ginseng is developed by a new designed wool cluster-inspired ionic liquid-functionalized ordered mesoporous silica-integrated dispersive solid-phase extraction coupled to high performance liquid chromatography (IL-WFOMS-I-DSPE-HPLC). The proposed method combines the advantages of the multiple adsorption mechanisms, high mass transfer rate and large adsorption capacity of the synthesized IL-WFOMS adsorbent with the safe, convenient operation of the new designed I-DSPE method. Under optimized conditions, the recoveries at three spike levels were in a range of 77.6-98.3% for 3-indole acetic acid (IAA), 3-indole propionic acid (IPA), 3-indole butyric acid (IBA), and 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) with the relative standard deviations (RSD) ≤8.6%, n = 3. This method exhibits the advantages of safety, convenience, reliability, and has great potential for simultaneous determination of multiple trace PGRs in complex sample matrices.

2.
Food Chem ; 303: 125407, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466032

RESUMO

Theaflavin (TF), which is the key pigment in black tea, is a health-promoting food component with beneficial effects on humans. However, the interactions by which these effects are transferred and exerted into protein-rich foods are unclear. Here, egg ovalbumin (OVA) was selected as a representative dietary protein to ascertain their binding mechanism. Steady-state, time-resolved fluorescence and isothermal titration calorimetric results showed that TF can interact well with OVA with an affinity magnitude of 104. The noncovalent binding was mainly driven by hydrophobic interaction and hydrogen bonds. Structural analysis displayed that the TF binding pocket significantly overlapped with one of the surrounding specific IgE-binding epitopes, thereby causing a subtle structural adjustment on the secondary conformation of OVA. The biological complexation model that was delineated here will help understand how black tea dyes egg white in tea egg products and for the development of protein-rich carriers in functional foods.


Assuntos
Biflavonoides/química , Camellia sinensis/química , Catequina/química , Clara de Ovo/química , Ovalbumina/química , Pigmentos Biológicos/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Galinhas , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Cinética , Ligação Proteica , Chá/química
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669200

RESUMO

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. Nowadays, OMIC technologies, such as genomics and metabolomics, are providing a systematic readout of genetic structures and physiological states for understanding human diseases. However, the comprehensive analysis of cross-omics is often lacking. Here, we conducted a Mendelian randomization analysis to provide a comprehensive analysis of metabolomics and genomics to estimate the causal relationships between non-targeted human serum metabolites and the development of ALS. Using genetic variants as predictors, our study detected 18 metabolites that might have causal effects on the development of ALS, including a group of gamma-glutamyl amino acids. Our findings suggested that glutathione metabolism dysfunction might be involved in the pathogenesis of ALS. Furthermore, our study provides a novel method to understand the pathogenesis of human diseases and develop therapeutic strategies for diseases by combining metabolomics with genomics.

4.
Food Chem ; 306: 125593, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610327

RESUMO

The heat-induced aggregation of edible proteins has been regarded as one of the critical challenges for their application in protein-enriched beverages. Therefore, the formulation of thermal stable proteins to improve the stability of these beverages upon heating is highly desired. In this study, soy proteins (SPs) with enhanced heat stability were obtained by low-concentration-preheating (LCPH). Results from reheating of the above samples showed that pretreatment of SPs at low concentrations (≤1.0%, w/v) increased their resistance against aggregation. Additionally, when the suspensions of the particles were reheated at 10% (w/v) protein concentration, no gelation was found for samples prepared by LCPH, indicating collapsed protein-protein interactions, whereas gelled suspensions were obtained for native SPs and samples prepared by preheating at higher protein concentrations (≥2.0%, w/v). Furthermore, suspensions of particles prepared at lower protein concentration showed lower viscosities and higher flow behavior index values before and after reheat treatment. These findings highlighted that LCPH would provide fundamental information on the application of SPs in high protein beverages.

5.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 25-42, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433522

RESUMO

Myocardial dysfunction is an important manifestation of sepsis. In addition, inactivation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway has been reported to be beneficial in sepsis. The current study used gene expression profiling to demonstrate the overexpression of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and activation of the MAPK signaling pathway in sepsis. In this study, we used a rat model of sepsis established by cecal ligation and puncture to explore the mechanism of AT1R silencing in relation to the MAPK signaling pathway on myocardial injury. Various parameters including blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac function changes were observed. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the concentration of cardiac troponin T (TnT), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), and creatine kinase isoenzyme muscle/brain (CK-MB). Myocardial enzyme, tissue antioxidant capacity, mitochondria swelling, and membrane potential were also detected. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling staining was applied to measure cell apoptosis, and messenger RNA and protein levels of apoptosis-related proteins (Fas ligand [Fasl], B-cell CLL/lymphoma [Bcl-2], p53) were also detected. Initially, sepsis rats exhibited decreased survival rate, but increased ejection fraction (EF), heart rate, and concentrations of TnT, cTnI, and CK-MB. Furthermore, decreased AT1R expression inactivated the MAPK signaling pathway (shown as decreased extracellular signal-regulated kinase and cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate response element binding protein expression), decreased EF, heart rate, and concentrations of TnT, cTnI, and CK-MB, but increased sepsis rat survival rate. Eventually, decreased AT1R expression inhibited myocardial cell apoptosis (shown as decreased apoptosis rate and p53 and Fasl expression as well as increased Bcl-2 expression). These findings indicated that AT1R silencing plays an inhibitory role in sepsis-induced myocardial injury by inhibiting the MAPK signaling pathway.

7.
Food Chem ; 306: 125455, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629968

RESUMO

The present research reported a facile strategy for the synthesis of a novel magnetic covalent organic frameworks (Fe3O4@COF(TpDA)) material and applied it as a sorbent for magnetic solid phase extraction of plant growth regulators from fruits and vegetables. The prepared Fe3O4@COF materials showed many attractive features involving large specific surface area (180.2 m2/g) and high saturation magnetization (62.3 emu/g), which enabled it an ideal sorbent for sample pretreatment. The experimental conditions affecting the extraction performance were optimized systematically, including eluent, amount of sorbent, adsorption time and desorption time. The extracted samples were detected by HPLC-DAD. Under the optimized conditions, the proposed method exhibited good linearity (R ≥ 0.9990) and low limits of detection (4.68-7.51 µg/L). Satisfactory recoveries were calculated to be 83.0-105.0%. Finally, the proposed method was successfully applied to determination of plant growth regulators in fruits and vegetables, indicating the potential prospect of the Fe3O4@COF(TpDA) materials in sample pretreatment.

8.
Bioresour Technol ; 295: 122292, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655251

RESUMO

This work investigated a new method of using Fe(III) to enhance the reactor performance enriched with marine anammox bacteria (MAB). The experiments were conducted in a sequencing batch reactor at low temperature (15 °C), high salinity (35 g/L) and varying Fe(III) concentrations (0-250 mg/l). The results of this study showed that at low Fe(III) (6 mg Fe/L), the rate of ammonium removal, nitrite removal and specific anammox activity remarkably increased to 0.42 kg/(m3·d), 0.53 kg/(m3·d), 0.56 kg/(kg·d), respectively. However, Fe(III) at above 120 mg Fe/L, the reaction time was significantly shortened from 5 to 2 h. MAB-based nitrite removal could be predicated based on the change of pH (ΔpH) and oxidation-reduction potential (ΔORP). Kinetics analysis demonstrated, the "Remodified Logistic Model" could simulate the Fe(III) enhanced anammox process. Overall, this research shed the light of designing a new high-rate anaerobic nitrogen removal technology for carbon insufficient, nitrogen-laden saline wastewater.


Assuntos
Amônia , Águas Residuárias , Anaerobiose , Bactérias , Bactérias Anaeróbias , Reatores Biológicos , Compostos Férricos , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução , Temperatura Ambiente
9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670510

RESUMO

A chemical derivatization triggered aggregation-induced emission (AIE) method for the highly selective determination of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in wine matrices by high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) was developed. The detection strategy was developed based on the chemical derivatization of H2S using a low-cost AIE-active fluorescence derivatization reagent, N-(3-iodine-2-oxopropyl)pyrene methamine (NIPM) to trigger specific AIE at 475 nm, which was red-shifted sharply to the maximum emission wavelength as compared with NIPM monomers of 375 nm, effectively quenching the interference from other thiol-containing compounds. With the aid of specific AIE and the effective separation of HPLC, the proposed method showed high selectivity and sensitivity toward H2S. The limits of detection (LODs) at sub-nM level of 0.25 nmol/L in wine-beer sample and 0.30 nmol/L in red wine sample were obtained. To certify its applicability, this proposed strategy was successfully applied for the determination of H2S in wine matrices.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(47): 44742-44750, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682100

RESUMO

Nanocomposite hydrogels with multiresponsiveness and self-healing property are attracting extensive interest due to their enhanced performance for a wide range of applications. In this work, we have successfully developed novel hydrogels based on interfacial polymer-nanogel benzoxaborolate cross-linking at physiological pH. Temperature-sensitive nanogels (NG-Gal) containing galactose residues on the nanosurface were prepared and subsequently used as macro-cross-linkers to form a hydrogel network through formation of dynamic adducts with benzoxaborole groups of a hydrophilic copolymer poly(DMA-st-MAABO). Benefiting from the low pKa value of benzoxaborole (∼7.2), hydrogels can be constructed rapidly at physiological pH, which is of great significance for biomedical applications. Changing the molar ratio between benzoxaborole and galactose was found to alter the mechanical properties of hydrogels as confirmed by rheological measurements. The dynamic nature of benzoxaborole esters endowed the hydrogel with moldability and self-healing ability after disruption. Moreover, the hydrogel showed multiresponsiveness toward pH, sugar, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and temperature. Therefore, the novel nanocomposite hydrogel we demonstrated here exhibits great potential for biomedical applications such as tissue engineering and controlled drug delivery.

11.
Nano Lett ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771332

RESUMO

The magnetic properties in two-dimensional van der Waals materials depend sensitively on structure. CrI3, as an example, has been recently demonstrated to exhibit distinct magnetic properties depending on the layer thickness and stacking order. Bulk CrI3 is ferromagnetic (FM) with a Curie temperature of 61 K and a rhombohedral layer stacking, while few-layer CrI3 has a layered antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase with a lower ordering temperature of 45 K and a monoclinic stacking. In this work, we use cryogenic magnetic force microscopy to investigate CrI3 flakes in the intermediate thickness range (25 - 200 nm) and find that the two types of magnetic orders hence the stacking orders can coexist in the same flake, with a layer of ~13 nm at each surface being in the layered AFM phase similar to few-layer CrI3 and the rest in the bulk FM phase. The switching of the bulk moment proceeds through a remnant state with nearly compensated magnetic moment along the c-axis, indicating formation of c-axis domains allowed by a weak interlayer coupling strength in the rhombohedral phase. Our results provide a comprehensive picture on the magnetism in CrI3 and point to the possibility of engineering magnetic heterostructures within the same material.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: TNF receptor-associated periodic fever syndrome (TRAPS) is an autosomal dominant systemic autoinflammatory disease caused by mutations of TNF receptor superfamily member 1 A (TNFRSF1A) gene. TRAPS has hardly been reported in the Chinese population. We aimed to characterize the clinical and genetic features of Chinese adult patients with TRAPS. METHODS: Nine adult patients (≥16 years) were diagnosed during April 2015 to June 2019, at the Department of Rheumatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Clinical and genetic features of these patients were evaluated and compared with those from Japan and Europe. RESULTS: The median age of disease onset was 3 (0.5-38.5) years old, and adult-onset was observed in two (22.2%) patients. The median time of diagnosis delay was 16.5 (1.5-50.5) years. One patient had a family history of TRAPS. The frequent symptoms were fever (nine, 100%), rash (seven, 77.8%), arthralgia/arthritis (five, 55.6%) and abdominal pain (five, 55.6%). Only two (22.2%) patients had periorbital oedema. Nine TNFRSF1A gene variants were detected, including C58R, G65E, F89L, C99G, V202G, V202D, c.769-23T>C, S290I and c.*64T>C. Rash was more frequently seen in Chinese than in Japanese and European patients, while chest pain and amyloidosis occurred less frequently. CONCLUSION: This is the first and largest case series of TRAPS in Chinese adult patients. Two novel TNFRSF1A variants, S290I and V202G, have been identified. The different clinical manifestations of our patients compared with those from Japan and Europe might be related to their TNFRSF1A variants.

13.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 236, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718710

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Blau syndrome (BS) is a rare dominantly inherited autoinflammatory disorder associated with mutations in the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain containing 2 (NOD2) gene. Biologic therapy of BS yielded diverse results. We aimed to evaluate clinical features and outcomes of Chinese patients with BS who were treated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α inhibitors. METHODS: A total of four patients with BS were diagnosed and treated with infliximab (IFX) at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital during 2015 to 2018 and were followed up for 18 months. All patients were systematically studied for treatment outcomes including the clinical manifestations and inflammatory markers. We also conducted a comprehensive literature review about TNFα inhibitor therapy in BS. RESULTS: Four BS patients were all Chinese Han, and three were women. The mean age of disease onset was 4 ± 3.5 years, and the mean time of diagnosis delay was 19 ± 11 years. All patients received IFX plus methotrexate, and all achieved clinical remission of skin lesions and polyarthritis rapidly, as well as normalization of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein and improvements in inflammatory cytokines, patient visual analogue scale, physician global assessment, and Short Form (SF)-36, at the first follow-up of 6 months. The disease relapsed in two patients after they lengthened the interval of IFX and discontinued methotrexate. According to the 38 English-language publications, 62 patients with BS were reported who underwent TNFα inhibitor therapy, including IFX used in 31, adalimumab in 24, and etanercept in 7. IFX was well tolerated in 27 patients, while 2 still had uveitis, and the other 2 experienced an adverse drug reaction. CONCLUSIONS: Early recognition and effective treatment of BS are very important to avoid irreversible organ damage. TNFα inhibitors such as IFX may be a promising approach for BS patients who have unsatisfactory response to corticosteroids and traditional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs.

14.
Bioresour Technol ; : 122396, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748132

RESUMO

This study investigated the impact of sludge retention times (SRTs: 40, 20, 10 and 5 days) on performance of the sulfidogenic anaerobic digestion (SAD) reactor treating sulfate-laden waste activated sludge and dynamics of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB). The findings showed that sulfide production, volatile sludge removal efficiency, ammonia release and methane yield decreased by 33.7%, 66.4%, 21.3% and 68.7%, respectively when SRT was shortened from 40 to 5 d. Significant enrichment of hydrolyzers/fermenters (genera Mesotoga and Sulfurovum) was observed at longer SRT (40 d), but shorter SRT (5 d) favors enrichment of diverse SRB (genera Desulfomicrobium and Desulfovibrio). PICRUSt data revealed bacterial communities possessed diverse predicted functions including sulfur metabolism enzymes (e.g. sulfate adenylyltransferase), and their abundance was higher at shorter SRT. Statistical analysis (PCA) confirmed positive relationships between SRB and SAD performance. The findings of this research could be useful for design and optimization of sulfidogenic-based anaerobic digestion process.

15.
J Chromatogr A ; : 460651, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753482

RESUMO

Most of the reported covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are hydrophobic, limiting their adsorption application in sample pretreatment field. In this work, sulphonate functionalized magnetic covalent organic frameworks (COFs) composites were first synthesized by loading gold nanoparticles on Fe3O4@COF(TpBD) surface and then functionalized by sodium 3-mercaptopropanesulphonate immobilization via Au-S bonding formation (denoted as Fe3O4@COF(TpBD)@Au-MPS nanocomposites), which were further utilized as adsorbents for magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) of fluoroquinolones. Compared with Fe3O4@COF(TpBD), the composites exhibited higher affinity to fluoroquinolones. Under optimized conditions, the developed MSPE method coupled with HPLC-MS/MS showed good linearity (R2 ≥0.9989) and yielded low limits of detection (0.1-1.0 µg kg-1) for fluoroquinolones. Moreover, the proposed method was successfully applied to extract fluoroquinolones from spiked meats (pork, chicken and bovine). The satisfactory recoveries were in the range of 82-110.2% with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) lower than 7.7%. These results indicated that the Fe3O4@COF(TpBD)@Au-MPS is a promising magnetic adsorbent for trace fluoroquinolones determination in meat samples. This work not only provided a facile strategy for COF functionalization, but also developed an efficient method for detecting fluoroquinolones in foodstuffs.

16.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; : 112962, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711864

RESUMO

MK-0457, a new pan-aurora kinase inhibitor, is in Phase II clinical development for the treatment of multiple tumor types and hematologic malignancies. The present work explored the dynamic behaviors and interaction mechanism of MK-0457 to human serum albumin (HSA) and the effect on the esterase-like activity and conformation of HSA by computer simulations and experiments. Docking and molecular dynamics trajectory analysis indicated that MK-0457 stably bound to Sudlow's site 2 of HSA by multiple types of interaction forces. Competitive experiments further verified MK-0457 was bound at first to Sudlow's site 2 and then the excess of drug was bound to Sudlow's site 1. The steady-state fluorescence combined with ultraviolet-visible absorption and fluorescence lifetime measurements specified a static quenching mechanism with association constants of 104 M-1 reflecting moderate binding affinity of MK-0457 for HSA. The analysis of Rg values showed that the structure of HSA became loose due to MK-0457 binding, inducing slight conformational changes of HSA, which was consistent with the results obtained from circular dichroism, synchronous, and 3D fluorescence spectroscopy. The esterase-like activity of HSA showed that MK-0457 inhibits the catalytic activity of subdomain IIIA of HSA by binding to the vital residues TYR411. Atomic force microscopy images indicated that MK-0457 affects the molecular sizes of HSA by transforming the morphology of HSA from aggregation diploids to small monomers. This study is beneficial for understanding the biological action of MK-0457, providing additional information about the feasibility of its transport and accumulation in blood plasma.

17.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 105972, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711938

RESUMO

Mastitis is a common veterinary clinical disease that restricts the development of dairy farming around the world. Morin, extracted from Mulberry Tree and other herbs, has been reported to possess the function of anti-bacteria, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory. However, whether morin could protect lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse mastitis in vivo has not well known. This study firstly aims to evaluate the effects of morin on LPS-induced mouse mastitis in vivo, and then try to illustrate the mechanism involved in the process. Before injected with LPS, mice were intraperitoneally pre-injected with different concentrations of morin, and mice of the control and LPS group were injected with the same amount of saline. Pathologic changes of mammary gland were determined by histopathological examination. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities of mammary gland were determined by the MPO kits. The mRNA expressions of inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6, and those of chemokine factors CCL2 and CXCL2, and those of tight junctions occludin claudin-3 were examined by qRT-PCR analysis. The activities of IκB, p65, ERK, P38, AKT, PI3K, NLPR3, claudin-1, claudin-3 and occludin were determined by western blotting. The results showed that morin alleviated LPS-induced edema, destructed structures and infiltrated inflammatory cells of mammary gland. Morin administration significantly decreased LPS-induced TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, CCL2 and CXCL2 mRNA expressions. Furthermore, western blot analysis also showed that morin significantly reduced LPS-induced phosphorylation of p65, IκB, p38 and ERK, and enhanced LPS-induced phosphorylation of AKT and PI3K. It was also found that LPS-decreased claudin-3 and occludin expressions were also inhibited by morin treatment. In summary, above results suggest that morin indeed protect LPS-induced mouse mastitis in vivo, and the mechanism was through inhibiting the PI3K/AKT, MAPK, NF-κB and NLRP3 signaling pathways and protecting the integrity of blood-milk barrier by regulating the tight junction proteins expressions.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702013

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa) and recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) have been widely used to treat idiopathic central precocious puberty (CPP) or early and fast puberty (EFP). However, large-scale studies to evaluate the treatment effects on final adult height (FAH) are still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of long-term treatment for CPP/EFP on FAH and its main influencing factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective, multi-center observational study from 1998-2017. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred forty-eight Chinese girls with CPP/EFP received GnRHa and rhGH treatment (n=118), GnRHa alone (n=276), or no treatment (n=54). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: FAH, target height (Tht), and predictive adult height (PAH). RESULTS: The height gain (FAH-PAH) was significantly different among the GnRHa and rhGH treatment, GnRHa alone, and no treatment groups (p<0.05; 9.51±0.53, 8.07±0.37, and 6.44±0.91 cm, respectively). The genetic height gain (FAH-Tht) was 4.0±0.5 cm for the GnRHa+rhGH group and 2.0±0.27 cm for the GnRHa group, while the control group reached their Tht. In addition, five critical parameters derived from PAH, bone age, and Tht, showed excellent performance in predicting which patients could gain ≥5 cm (FAH-PAH), and this was further validated using an independent study. CONCLUSIONS: The overall beneficial effect of GnRHa+rhGH or GnRHa on FAH was significant. The control group also reached their genetic target height. Clinicians are recommended to consider both the potential gains in height and the cost of medication.

19.
Environ Toxicol ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696613

RESUMO

Fluorene-9-bisphenol (9,9-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-fluorene [BHPF]) is a bisphenol A (BPA) substitute used in the production of "BPA-free" plastics, now has been identified is harmful to living organisms. Our previous study showed that BHPF impaired mouse denuded oocyte in vitro maturation. However, there is a question that whether BHPF is still able to affect oocyte maturation in the presence of dense cumulus cells. In the present study, we checked the toxic effects of BHPF on porcine oocyte maturation which is derived from COCs in vitro culture. Our results showed that BHPF (50 µM) inhibited the expansion of cumulus cells, led to a significant decrease in polar body extrusion (PBE). Importantly, BHPF resulted in abnormal spindle assembly, ATP level decrease, reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and early apoptosis in porcine oocytes, which are all negative to oocyte maturation. Furthermore, BHPF also declined porcine oocyte quality by disturbing the cortical granules (CGs) distribution. In conclusion, our study showed that BHPF still inhibited oocyte maturation even in the presence of cumulus cells leading to abnormal spindle assembly, ATP decrease, increased ROS level, early apoptosis, and disturbed CGs distribution in porcine oocytes, and also indicates that BHPF has a wide range toxic effects on oocyte in different species.

20.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 95: 277-286, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669781

RESUMO

Interleukine-1ß (IL-1ß) is the first identified pro-inflammatory cytokine, which is cleaved by caspase-1 following the inflammasomes activation, playing critical roles in innate immunity. However, few studies have been performed to characterize the IL-1ß in lower vertebrates. Herein, we distinguished the Scophthalmus maximus IL-1ß (SmIL-1ß) from three IL-1ß like sequences and found that SmIL-1ß was cleaved by S. maximus caspase at a non-conserved Asp86, then targeted to the plasma membrane. Moreover, during the immersion infection of Edwardsiella piscicida, we found that E. piscicida were mainly colonized in gills at early time points and invaded to systemic sites after 5 days post infection, which was consistent with the dynamic up-regulated transcription of SmIL-1ß. Furthermore, knockdown of SmIL-1ß promotes the bacterial colonization in gills at early time points and result into systemic colonization, while overexpression of SmIL-1ß hampers the bacterial colonization in both spleen and kidney. Taken together, these data provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms of SmIL-1ß and reveal its role in limiting bacterial infection in vivo, which will support the idea for better understanding the evolutionary of IL-1ß functions in teleost.

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