Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 138
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Ovarian Res ; 12(1): 92, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601255

RESUMO

AB209371 gene has been characterized as an oncogenic lncRNA in liver cancer. However, its involvement in ovarian carcinoma (OC) is unknown. In the present study, we analyzed the roles of AB209371 in OC. We found that AB209371 gene and Survivin gene were up-regulated in OC and positively correlated with OC development. AB209371 over-expression led to up-regulated Survivin in OC cells, while Survivin over-expression failed to affect AB209371. In addition, AB209371 over-expression led to down-regulated miR-203. However, miR-203 over-expression failed to affect AB209371, but down-regulated the expression of Survivin. In addition, over-expressions of AB209371 and Survivin resulted in the increased proliferation rate of OC cells. Over-expression MiR-203 played the opposite role and attenuated the effects of AB209371 over-expression. Therefore, AB209371 may down-regulate miR-203 to up-regulate Survivin, thereby promoting OC cell proliferation. Our study provided novel insights into the pathogenesis of OC.

2.
Future Med Chem ; 11(15): 1889-1906, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517534

RESUMO

Aim: Wee1 kinase plays a key role in the arrest of G2/M checkpoint that prevents mitotic entry in response to DNA damage. This work is to discover potent Wee1 inhibitors which can be considered valuable. Materials & Methods: Herein, Ensemble docking using multiple crystal structures was considered an effective strategy in the virtual screening. The performance of 17 scoring functions obtained from different docking software was evaluated for molecular docking. Results: Two novel compounds B1 and A2 were identified as Wee1 inhibitors with IC50 values of 10.23 ± 0.505 and 8.72 ± 0.323 µM, respectively. Further cell viability assay demonstrated that the two active compounds exhibited good anticancer activities. Conclusion: This provides a meaningful starting point for further structure optimization to discover more potent Wee1 inhibitors.

3.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1082: 106-115, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472699

RESUMO

Sphingoid bases (SBs) are one of important components of cell membranes, playing important roles in cellular biology. Meanwhile, SBs are associated with various metabolic diseases such as Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Therefore, simultaneous quantitation of multiple SBs in biological samples could provide crucial information for uncovering underlying mechanisms of SBs related functions and diseases. However, existing methods are difficult to achieve simultaneous quantitation for multiple SBs due to the lack of isotope internal standards (ISs) of corresponding SBs. In the current study, we developed a highly sensitive method for the simultaneous detection of 26 SBs in biological samples by stable isotope labeling coupled with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (SIL-UHPLC-MS/MS) analysis. In this respect, a pair of isotope labeling reagents, 3-(N, N-dimethylamino)propyl isothiocyanate (DMPI) and d4-3-(N, N-dimethylamino)propyl isothiocyanate (d4-DMPI), were synthesized and utilized to label SBs in biological samples and SB standards, respectively. The d4-DMPI labeled SB standards were used as ISs to calibrate quantitation deviation in MS analysis from the biological matrix. Using the developed method, we successfully quantitated 19 SBs in cells, 20 SBs in mice feces and 18 SBs in human serum samples. Three C17-SBs used as ISs in many reported works were even found in all prepared samples. In summary, the developed SIL-UHPLC-MS/MS analysis was demonstrated to be a promising method for the simultaneous determination of multiple SBs, which could facilitate the investigation of cellular function of SBs and pathogenesis of related diseases.

4.
Mycologia ; 111(5): 857-870, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414967

RESUMO

In this paper, species of the genus Morchella are investigated in China. Based on morphological characteristics and molecular phylogenetic analyses of the nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer region ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (ITS) and the combined data set ITS + nuclear large subunit rDNA (28S) + the translation elongation factor 1-α (TEF1) gene + RNA polymerase II first largest subunit (RPB1) + RNA polymerase II second largest subunit (RPB2), six new phylogenetic species are illustrated and described: M. clivicola, M. confusa, M. odonnellii, M. owneri, M. yangii, and M. yishuica. Furthermore, two new record species, M. dunensis and M. palazonii, which were only known in Europe, are now reported for the first time from Asia. New species of morels will provide additional information on species diversity and genetic resource candidates for improving the cultivation of this economically important fungus.

5.
Anal Chem ; 91(17): 11440-11446, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397147

RESUMO

Chiral carboxylic acids play important roles in energy metabolism and signal transduction in the human body. These enantiomers usually possess different bioactivities and are also associated with the development of some diseases. Therefore, simultaneous determination of multiple chiral carboxylic acids is vital for study of the pathogenesis of related diseases. However, it is still challenging to simultaneously detect the enantiomers of multiple chiral carboxylic acids in biological samples. Here, we developed a novel 4-plex chemical labeling strategy based on 4 analogues of cinchona alkaloid-derived primary amines (CAPAs) for simultaneous determination of 16 enantiomers of 8 chiral carboxylic acids by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). To achieve high-throughput analysis, one CAPA analogue was used to label chiral carboxylic acid standards and served as internal standards (ISs), while the other 3 CAPA analogues were used to label endogenous chiral carboxylic acids in 3 different biological samples. After CAPAs labeling, the 16 chiral carboxylic acid enantiomers could be detected by LC-MS, and their detection sensitivity was greatly enhanced by up to 3 orders of magnitude compared to intact analytes. Further, the developed method for the determination of 16 chiral carboxylic acid enantiomers was validated in human serums and mammalian cells. Finally, the proposed method was applied to the determination of chiral carboxylic acids in the serum samples from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. We found that 5 chiral carboxylic acid enantiomers in T2DM serum samples and 4 chiral carboxylic acid enantiomers in CRC serum samples exhibited significant change compared to the healthy control (HC).

6.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 237, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver cancer stem cells (LCSCs) are a small subset of cells characterized by unlimited self-renewal, cell differentiation, and uncontrollable cellular growth. LCSCs are also resistant to conventional therapies and are thus believed to be held responsible for causing treatment failure of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It has been recently found that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important regulators in HCC. This present study aims to explore the underlying mechanism of how lncRNA DLX6-AS1 influences the development of LCSCs and HCC. METHODS: A microarray-based analysis was performed to initially screen differentially expressed lncRNAs associated with HCC. We then analyzed the lncRNA DLX6-AS1 levels as well as CADM1 promoter methylation. The mRNA and protein expression of CADM1, STAT3, CD133, CD13, OCT-4, SOX2, and Nanog were then detected. We quantified our results by evaluating the spheroid formation, proliferation, and tumor formation abilities, as well as the proportion of tumor stem cells, and the recruitment of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) in LCSCs when lncRNA DLX6-AS1 was either overexpressed or silenced. RESULTS: LncRNA DLX6-AS1 was upregulated in HCC. The silencing of lncRNA DLX6-AS1 was shown to reduce and inhibit spheroid formation, colony formation, proliferation, and tumor formation abilities, as well as attenuate CD133, CD13, OCT-4, SOX2, and Nanog expression in LCSCs. Furthermore, downregulation of lncRNA DLX6-AS1 contributed to a reduction in CADM1 promoter methylation via suppression of DNMT1, DNMT3a, and DNMT3b in LCSCs and inactivating the STAT3 signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that down-regulated lncRNA DLX6-AS1 may inhibit the stem cell properties of LCSCs through upregulation of CADM1 by suppressing the methylation of the CADM1 promoter and inactivation of the STAT3 signaling pathway.

7.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) can alleviate diffuse axonal injury (DAI)-induced apoptosis by regulating expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), while sulforaphane (SFN) was shown to reduce oxidative stress by increasing the expression of Nrf2. Therefore, we aimed to investigate therapeutic effect of SFN in the treatment of DAI and the ability of SFN to reduce oxidative stress. METHODS: The 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to observe the effects of H2 O 2 and SFN on cell viability. Fluorometric assay, Western blot analysis, and flow cytometry were conducted to validate the protective role of SFN in an animal model of DAI. In addition, the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) were measured in DAI rats treated by SFN, while Western blot, immunohistochemistry assay, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay were carried out to verify the effect of SFN in different animal groups. RESULTS: Cell viability was reduced by H2 O 2 in a dose-dependent manner, while the treatment by SFN significantly promoted cell growth. Meanwhile the administration of SFN effectively reduced the levels of caspase-3/poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity increased by the H 2 O 2 treatment, indicating that the protective effect of SFN could be mediated by its ability to suppress caspase-3 activation and PARP cleavage. In addition, the SFN treatment reduced the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation induced by H 2 O 2 . Moreover, the MDA levels of SOD/GPx activity in various rat groups showed the protective effects of SFN in DAI rats. It is suspected that the protective effect of SFN was exerted via the activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway. In this study, DAI and DAI + phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) groups also showed the presence of more TUNEL-positive cells compared with the sham-operated group, while the SFN treatment reduced the extent of neuronal apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: By activating the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and reducing the activity of caspase-3, SFN reduces the apoptosis of neurons in brain trauma-induced DAI.

8.
PLoS One ; 14(6): e0217431, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170168

RESUMO

Bacterioplankton play a key role in the global cycling of elements. To characterize the effects of hypoxia on bacterioplankton, bacterial community structure and function were investigated in the Changjiang Estuary. Water samples were collected from three layers (surface, middle, and bottom) at ten sampling sites in the Changjiang Estuary hypoxic and non-hypoxic zones. The community structure was analyzed using high-throughput sequencing of 16S rDNA genes, and the predictive metagenomic approach was used to investigate the functions of the bacterial community. Co-occurrence networks are constructed to investigate the relationship between different bacterioplankton. The results showed that community composition in hypoxic and non-hypoxic zones were markedly different. The diversity and richness of bacterial communities in the bottom layer (hypoxic zone) were remarkably higher than that of the surface layer (non-hypoxic). In the non-hypoxic zone, it was found that Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Flavobacteriia were the dominant groups while Alphaproteobacteria, SAR406 and Deltaproteobacteria were the dominant groups in the hypoxic zone. From the RDA analysis, it was shown that dissolved oxygen (DO) explained most of the bacterial community variation in the redundancy analysis targeting only hypoxia zones, whereas nutrients and salinity explained most of the variation across all samples in the Changjiang Estuary. To understand the genes involved in nitrogen metabolism, an analysis of the oxidation state of nitrogen was performed. The results showed that the bacterial community in the surface layer (non-hypoxic) had more genes involved in dissimilatory nitrate reduction, assimilatory nitrate reduction, denitrification, and anammox, while that in the middle and bottom layers (hypoxic zone) had more abundant genes associated with nitrogen fixation and nitrification. Co-occurrence networks revealed that microbial assemblages in the middle and bottom layers shared more niche spaces than in the surface layer (non-hypoxic zone). The environmental heterogeneity in the hypoxic and non-hypoxic zones might be important environmental factors that determine the bacterial composition in these two zones.

9.
Mol Med ; 25(1): 29, 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Innate immune dysfunction contributes to the development and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), however, its pathogenesis is still incompletely understood. Identifying the key innate immune component responsible for the pathogenesis of NAFLD and clarifying the underlying mechanisms may provide therapeutic targets for NAFLD. Recently, F-box- and WD repeat domain-containing 7 (FBXW7) exhibits a regulatory role in hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism. This study aims to investigate whether FBXW7 controls high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1)-mediated innate immune signaling to improve NAFLD and the mechanism underlying this action. METHODS: Mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 12 or 20 weeks to establish NAFLD model. Hepatic overexpression or knockdown of FBXW7 was induced by tail-vein injection of recombinant adenovirus. Some Ad-FBXW7-injected mice fed a HFD were injected intraperitoneally with recombinant mouse HMGB1 to confirm the protective role of FBXW7 in NAFLD via inhibition of HMGB1. RESULTS: FBXW7 improves NAFLD and related metabolic parameters without remarkable influence of body weight and food intake. Moreover, FBXW7 markedly ameliorated hepatic inflammation and insulin resistance in the HFD-fed mice. Furthermore, FBXW7 dramatically attenuated the expression and release of HMGB1 in the livers of HFD-fed mice, which is associated with inhibition of protein kinase R (PKR) signaling. Thereby, FBXW7 restrains Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) signaling in HFD-fed mouse livers. In addition, exogenous HMGB1 treatment abolished FBXW7-mediated inhibition of hepatic inflammation and insulin resistance in HFD-fed mouse livers. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate a protective role of FBXW7 in NAFLD by abating HMGB1-mediated innate immune signaling to suppress inflammation and consequent insulin resistance, suggesting that FBXW7 is a potential target for therapeutic intervention in NAFLD development.

10.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(11): 18724-18735, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219199

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the main cause of cancer-related death, and the proportion of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) on lung cancer is 85%, while more than 80% lung cancer patients are diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study, we aimed to explore the potential mechanism of COPD induced NSCLC. Luciferase assay and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were conducted to study the regulatory relationship between P53 and microRNA-675 (miR-675). Real-time PCR, Western-blot analysis, and MTT assay were performed to explore the impact of H19 and miR-675 in the signaling pathway involved in COPD induced NSCLC. In NSCLC patients with COPD, H19 and miR-675 levels were strikingly upregulated while P53 level was significantly downregulated. P53 was identified as a target gene of miR-675, and H19 remarkably upregulated miR-675, while H19 siRNA notably inhibited miR-675. In addition, miR-675 and H19 dramatically suppressed the expression of P53 and Bax while inducing the expression of Bcl-2. Finally, H19 and miR-675 induced proliferation of A549 and MRC-5 cells. These finding indicated that COPD (hypoxia)-induced H19 promoted expression of miR-675 associated with NSCLC though target apoptosis-related protein P53, BAX, and Bcl-2.

11.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(8): 2447-2456, 2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31036774

RESUMO

The patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) suffered significantly higher risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) than normal population. The aim was to assess the clinical significance of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) as the risk factor for DVT in acute SCI patients. 207 Chinese patients were enrolled in this study, including thirty-nine (39) patients (18.8 %; 95 %CI: 13.5 %-24.2 %) diagnosed as DVT at the follow-up of 1 month. Nine (9) of the 39 patients (23.1%) were suspected of thrombosis before the screening. The MIF levels in plasma of DVT patients were significantly higher than DVT-free patients. The risks of DVT would be increased by 11 % (OR unadjusted: 1.11; 95% CI, 1.06-1.17, P<0.001) and 8 % (OR adjusted: 1.08; 1.03-1.14, P=0.001), for each additional 1 ng/ml of MIF level. Furthermore, after MIF was combined with established risk factors, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (standard error) was increased from 0.82(0.035) to 0.85(0.030). The results showed the potential association between the high MIF levels in plasma and elevated DVT risk in SCI patients, which may assist on early intervention.

12.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(4): 2141-2153, 2019 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137203

RESUMO

Huang et al. [1] recently developed a toxin-dependent predator-prey model and analyzed its global dynamics. Their results showed that environmental toxins may influence both predators and prey and induce bistable situation, and intermediate toxin concentrations may affect predators disproportionately through biomagnification. Environmental noises can change the dynamical behaviors of the toxin-based predator-prey model. In this paper, by formulating a stochastically forced predator-prey model with environmental toxins, we study the dynamical phenomenon of noise-induced transitions from coexistence to prey-only extirpation in the bistable zone. Numerical simulations based on the technique of stochastic sensitivity functions are provided for constructing the confidence ellipse and estimating the threshold value of the noise intensity of state switching. Meanwhile, we construct the confidence band and study the configurational arrangement of the stochastic cycle.

13.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 16: 229-245, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30925451

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is a lethal malignancy with relatively few effective therapies. Recent investigations have highlighted the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) as crucial regulators in various tumor processes including tumor progression. Hence the current study aimed to investigate the role of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC)-derived exosomal microRNA-126-3p (miR-126-3p) in pancreatic cancer. Initially, miRNA candidates and related genes associated with pancreatic cancer were screened. PANC-1 cells were transfected with miR-126-3p or silenced a disintegrin and a metalloproteinase-9 (ADAM9) to examine their regulatory roles in pancreatic cancer cells. Additionally, exosomes derived from BMSCs were isolated and co-cultured with pancreatic cancer cells to elucidate the effects of exosomes in pancreatic cancer. Furthermore, the effects of overexpressed miR-126-3p derived from BMSCs exosomes on proliferation, migration, invasion, apoptosis, tumor growth, and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells were analyzed in connection with lentiviral packaged miR-126-3p in vivo. Restored miR-126-3p was observed to suppress pancreatic cancer through downregulating ADAM9. Notably, overexpressed miR-126-3p derived from BMSCs exosomes inhibited the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells, and promoted their apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, the key findings of the study indicated that overexpressed miR-126-3p derived from BMSCs exosomes inhibited the development of pancreatic cancer through the downregulation of ADAM9, highlighting the potential of miR-126-3p as a novel biomarker for pancreatic cancer treatment.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30790266

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs, including HOTAIR, are involved in the pathogenesis of a wide range of diseases. This study aimed to explore the mechanism underlying the involvement of HOTAIR in neonatal bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR). A total of 105 newborns were recruited in this study to collect their peripheral blood mononuclear cell and serum samples, which were then divided into different genotype groups based on the genotypes of rs4759314, rs874945, and rs7958904. The real-time polymerase chain reaction, western blot analysis, computational analyses, and luciferase assays were performed to establish the regulatory relationships between the HOTAIR, microRNA-126 (miR-126), and interleukin-13 (IL-13). The level of HOTAIR, miR-126, and IL-13 among rs4759314 AA, AG, and GG groups, as well as among rs874945 GG, AG, and AA groups was similar. However, the level of HOTAIR was increased in the rs7958904 GG group, accompanied by a decreased level of miR-126 and IL-13. In addition, the level of airway responsiveness was comparable among rs4759314 AA, AG, and GG groups, as well as among rs874945 GG, AG, and AA groups. However, the airway responsiveness in the groups rs7958904 CG and CC was much stronger than that of the GG group. We also demonstrated that, by directly binding to miR-126, HOTAIR reduced the expression of miR-126, which in turn decreased the expression of IL-13. In summary, we demonstrated the role of HOTAIR-induced downregulation of miR-126 and IL-13 in the development of BHR in neonates.

15.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 5189819, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30805082

RESUMO

Our preliminary data showed that VEGFR2 upregulation promoted renal ROS overproduction in high-fat diet- (HFD-) treated mice. Given that ROS-induced NLRP3 activation plays a central role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetic kidney injury, we evaluate whether VEGFR2 upregulation induces type 2 diabetic kidney injury via ROS-mediated NLRP3 activation and further explore the underlying mechanism. Our results showed that VEGFR2 knockdown decreased ROS overproduction, blocked NLRP3-dependent inflammation, and alleviated kidney damage in HFD-treated mice. Treatment with α-lipoic acid, a scavenger of ROS, lowered ROS overproduction and alleviated NLRP3-triggered kidney injury of HFD-treated mice. Collectively, the VEGFR2/ROS/NLRP3 signal is a critical therapeutic strategy for the kidney injury of HFD-treated mice. Purple sweet potato color (PSPC), a natural anthocyanin, can exert renal protection by inhibiting ROS in HFD-treated mice. Here, we provide a novel mechanism of PSPC against renal damage in HFD-treated mice by downregulating VEGFR2 expression.


Assuntos
Ipomoea batatas/química , Rim/patologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Pigmentos Biológicos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Inflamação/patologia , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Especificidade de Órgãos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pigmentos Biológicos/administração & dosagem , Ácido Tióctico/farmacologia
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 164: 252-262, 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30597326

RESUMO

Overexpression of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases (PDKs) has been widely noticed in a variety of human solid tumors, which could be regarded as an attractive therapeutic target for cancer therapy. In this paper, we present an enzymatic screening assay and multiple biological evaluations for the identification of potential PDKs, especially PDK1 inhibitors. We identified 9 potential PDKs inhibitors from the screening of an in-house small molecule library, all of the identified inhibitors reduced pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex phosphorylation. Among which, 4, 5, and 9 displayed the most potent PDKs inhibitory activities, with EC50 values of 0.34, 1.4, and 1.6 µM in an enzymatic assay, respectively. A kinase inhibition assay suggested that 4, 5, and 9 were pan-isoform PDK inhibitors, but more sensitive to PDK1. Meanwhile, the three compounds inhibited HSP90, with IC50 values of 0.78, 3.58, and 2.70 µM, respectively. The cell viability assay indicated that 4 inhibited all of the tested cancer cells proliferation, with a GC50 value of 2.3 µM against NCIH1975 cell, but has little effect on human normal lung cell BEAS-2B cell. In the NCIH1975 xenograft models, 4 displayed strong antitumor activities at a dose of 10 and 20 mg/kg, but with no negative effect on the mice weight. In addition, 4 decreased the ECAR and lactate formation, increased OCR and ROS level in NCIH1975 cancer cell, which could be used as a promising modulator to reprogram the glucose metabolic pathways in NCIH1975 cancer cells.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Glucose/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/antagonistas & inibidores , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Camundongos , Fosforilação , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas
17.
Mol Pharm ; 16(3): 987-994, 2019 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624945

RESUMO

A combination of different chemotherapy approaches can obtain the best response for many cancers. However, the greatest challenge is the development of a nanoparticle formulation that can encapsulate different chemotherapeutic agents to achieve the proper synergetic chemotherapy for the tumor. Here, amphiphilic ferrocenium-tetradecyl (Fe-C14) was constructed to form cationic micelles in an aqueous solution via self-assembly. Then, it was coated by hyaluronic acid (HA) through electrostatic interactions to generate HA-Fe-C14 micelles. The HA-Fe-C14 micelles were used to deliver doxorubicin (DOX), and it showed that the DOX could be released rapidly under a high-GSH tumor environment. The HA-Fe-C14/DOX micelles were able to accumulate efficiently in tumor and showed significant anticancer effect both in vitro and in vivo. These results suggest that HA-Fe-C14/DOX micelles are a useful drug delivery system that enhances synergic antitumor treatment effects.

18.
J Cell Physiol ; 2018 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515782

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to explore the impact of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) on cell proliferation, invasion, and migration of glioma. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes were screened out from Gene Expression Omnibus data set based on the microarray analysis. The expression levels of lncRNA NEAT1, miR-139-5p, and CDK6 in glioma cells and tissues were examined by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and the protein level of CDK6 in glioma cells was determined by western blot and immunohistochemistry. Glioma cell viability, cell cycle, and apoptosis were detected by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide (MTT) and flow cytometry, respectively, whereas cell invasion and migration were analyzed by transwell assay. The target relationships among NEAT1, miR-139-5p, and CDK6 were confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. The effects of lncRNA NEAT1 on tumor growth were further testified through glioma xenografts in nude mice. RESULTS: LncRNA NEAT1 and CDK6 were highly expressed in glioma tissues and cells, whereas miR-139-5p was lowly expressed. There were target relationships and correlations on expressions between miR-139-5p and NEAT1/ CDK6. NEAT1 and CDK6 could promote cell proliferation and metastasis of glioma cells and impeded cell apoptosis, whereas miR-139-5p exerted suppressive effects on the biological functions of glioma cells. NEAT1 regulated CDK6 to affect glioma growth through sponging miR-139-5p. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA NEAT1 promotes cell proliferation, invasion, and migration of glioma through regulating miR-139-5p/CDK6 pathway.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30404560

RESUMO

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune neuromuscular disorder, affecting the quality of life of millions of people worldwide. The current study aims to determine the relationship between microRNA-143 (miR-143) and CXCL13, and whether it influences the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis (MG). Thymus specimens were resected from patients with thymic hyperplasia combined MG, and then infused into normal mouse cavities to establish MG mice models. Immunohistochemistry, RT-qPCR, in situ hybridization detection, and Western blot analysis were employed to identify the expression of miR-143 and CXCL13 in MG and normal mice. The obtained thymocytes were cultured in vitro and transfected with a series of miR-143 mimic, miR-143 inhibitor, oe-CXCL13 or siRNA against CXCL13. MTT and flow cytometry assays were employed to assess cell viability, cycle entry, and apoptosis of the thymocytes. Dual luciferase reporter assay provided verification, confirming CXCL13 was the target gene of miR-143. Low miR-143 expression in the thymus tissues of the MG mice was detected, which presented with a reciprocal relationship with the expression rate of CLCX13. Observations in relation to the interactions between miR-143 mimic or siRNA CXCL13 exposure resulted in reduced cell viability, with a greater number of cells arrested at the G0/G1 phase, and a greater rate of induced apoptosis. Furthermore, overexpression of CXCL13 rescued miR-143 mimic-induced apoptosis. The findings have identified the potential role of miR-143 as a MG development mediator by targeting CXCL13. The key results obtained provide a promising experimental basis for the targeted intervention treatment of miR-143.

20.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 51(4): 1600-1615, 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30497067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative movement disease with a high annual incidence. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that microRNAs play important roles in the pathogenesis of multiple neurological disorders, including PD. This study aims to investigate how microRNA-200a (miR-200a) regulates striatal dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) to affect apoptosis of striatum in rats with PD and to explore the associated mechanism. METHODS: After successfully establishing a PD model by 6-hydroxydopamine injections, PD rats were mainly treated with miR-200a mimics, inhibitors, Forskolin or a combination of miR-200a inhibitors and Forskolin. High-performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD) was employed to detect the levels of dopamine, 3, 4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA), and chemistry colorimetric methods were applied to detect the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). A TUNEL assay and immunocytochemical staining were performed to observe apoptosis and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive cells in the striatum. The expression of miR-200a, DRD2, Bad, Bax, Bcl-2, cAMP and PKA was determined by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot assays. RESULTS: In the cellular experiments, after transfection with the inhibitor of miR-200a, decreased levels of Bax, GSH-Px, SOD, dopamine, DOPAC and HVA but increased levels of MDA and Bcl-2 were found along with a reduced apoptosis rate and increased TH-positive cell number. In addition, downregulating miR-200a resulted in lower expression of AKT, cAMP and PKA but higher expression of DRD2 and CREB, indicating that the downregulation of miR-200a increases DRD2 expression, which blocks the cAMP/PKA signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that the inhibition of miR-200a can repress apoptosis in the striatum via inhibition of the cAMP/PKA signaling pathway by upregulating DRD2 expression in PD rats.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA