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1.
Behav Brain Res ; 417: 113612, 2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600960

RESUMO

This single-center, randomized, single-blind, parallel-controlled study aimed to analyze the changes in resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) in young patients with a suicide attempt caused by depression before and after cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) combined with fluoxetine or fluoxetine alone by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Before treatment, functional connectivity of the right subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (R-sgACC), left subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (L-sgACC) and right precuneus (R-PCu) was lower in depressed patients with a suicide attempt than that of healthy controls. After treatment, compared with the fluoxetine group, functional connectivity between the R-sgACC and left posterior cerebellar lobe in the CBT group was increased, while this group also showed increased RSFC between the L-sgACC and right anterior cingulate cortex/ medial prefrontal cortex. On the contrary, the functional connectivity between the R-PCu and right parietal lobe was reduced (P < 0.001). It was also found there were some changes in different brain regions in pre- and post-treatment within both the CBT and MG group. The functional connectivity of the R-sgACC and the left posterior cerebellum lobe was negatively correlated with the SSI score. The functional connectivity of the R-PCu and right middle frontal cortex was negatively correlated with the HAMD score before treatment. After treatment, functional connectivity between the R-PCu and right superior frontal gyrus was positively correlated with the SSI scores in the CBT group. After 8 weeks of combined CBT, the strength of the functional connectivity in the bilateral sgACC and bilateral PCu was significantly changed.

2.
Bioact Mater ; 9: 221-238, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820567

RESUMO

The repair of articular cartilage defects is still challenging in the fields of orthopedics and maxillofacial surgery due to the avascular structure of articular cartilage and the limited regenerative capacity of mature chondrocytes. To provide viable treatment options, tremendous efforts have been made to develop various chondrogenically-functionalized biomaterials for cartilage tissue engineering. Peptides that are derived from and mimic the functions of chondroconductive cartilage extracellular matrix and chondroinductive growth factors, represent a unique group of bioactive agents for chondrogenic functionalization. Since they can be chemically synthesized, peptides bear better reproducibility, more stable efficacy, higher modifiability and yielding efficiency in comparison with naturally derived biomaterials and recombinant growth factors. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge in the designs of the chondroinductive/chondroconductive peptides, the underlying molecular mechanisms and their-functionalized biomaterials for cartilage tissue engineering. We also systematically compare their in-vitro and in-vivo efficacies in inducing chondrogenesis. Our vision is to stimulate the development of novel peptides and their-functionalized biomaterials for cartilage tissue engineering.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; : 126436, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848331

RESUMO

The conversion of cellulose to platform chemicals has attracted much attention because of its renewability. This work proposed an earth-abundant cobalt disulfide as a heterogeneous catalyst for methyl levulinate production from cellulose. The highest yield of methyl levulinate reached 61 mol% under the tested conditions of 200 °C, 2 MPa initial pressure, 0.45 catalyst/cellulose mass ratio, and 3 h reaction time. The XRD and TEM analyses demonstrated the crystal facet (111) of cobalt disulfide as a robust active site, which was in good agreement with the highest acidity of the crystal facet (111) calculated by the work functions. The XPS characterization showed that the main chemical valence of cobalt disulfide responsible for the methyl levulinate production was the surface Co2+ species. This study is valuable for the development of a recoverable catalyst for the cellulose to methyl levulinate process.

4.
Mycologia ; : 1-13, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851225

RESUMO

The Asia-Pacific region is renowned to harbor nearly half of the global hot spots of biodiversity. Accordingly, many endemic species of boletes have already been recorded from this geographic region. However, the majority of the specific descriptions of reported boletoid species follow classical concepts of taxonomy, and by comparison only a few taxa have been corroborated by modern molecular techniques. In this study, we focused on specimens in a new clade uncovered by our previous studies. By careful reexamination of macroscopic and microscopic characters of Boletus granulopunctatus, originally described from Japan, and Xerocomus mcrobbii, originally described from New Zealand, we discovered a new genus and species Amoenoboletus miraculosus from Sabah, Malaysia. In addition, three new combinations in Amoenoboletus are proposed, and a dichotomous key to species in the genus is provided. The phylogenetically close relationship among Amoenoboletus species suggests a tight geographic correlation in the Asia-Pacific region.

5.
Acta Radiol ; : 2841851211055324, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34854744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data regarding controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration (CAIPIRINHA) T2-weighted sampling perfection with application optimized contrast evolution (SPACE) with fourfold acceleration factor for assessing long head of biceps tendon (LHBT) disorder is lacking. PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of 3D CAIPIRINHA SPACE with fourfold acceleration in assessing LHBT disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 42 consecutive patients underwent shoulder magnetic resonance (MR) examinations including CAIPIRINHA SPACE with fourfold acceleration, and non-CAIPIRINHA SPACE with twofold acceleration, and 2D fast spin echo (FSE). A subjective score of depiction of LHBT was given to 3D sequence according to a 4-point scale (0-3, "poor" to "excellent"). The Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare depiction scores between 3D sequences. Three statuses of LHBT were defined in the study: normal, tendonitis, and tear. McNemar's test was used compare diagnostic accuracy. RESULTS: LHBT was better depicted with CAIPIRINHA SPACE versus non-CAIPIRINHA SPACE (2.1 ± 0.4 vs. 1.5 ± 0.4; P < 0.001). Inter-modality agreement between CAIPIRINHA SPACE and 2D FSE was almost perfect (kappa = 0.884 ± 0.064). The sensitivity and specificity in detecting LHBT disorder were 95% (20/21) and 95% (20/21), respectively, for CAIPIRINHA SPACE, and 71% (15/21) and 76% (16/21), respectively, for non-CAIPIRINHA SPACE (P = 0.039). CONCLUSION: Fourfold acceleration CAIPIRINHA is feasible in reducing the acquisition time of SPACE MR in the shoulder. 3D CAIPIRINHA SPACE with fourfold acceleration is highly accurate in detecting LHBT disorder.

6.
Anal Biochem ; : 114505, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856184

RESUMO

The charge heterogeneity of fusion proteins can vary dramatically compared with more traditional biopharmaceuticals like monoclonal antibodies, making the characterization of fusion proteins a challenge. A single platform method suitable for the analysis of multiple fusion proteins would reduce method development and streamline production workflows. Here, we develop a platform method to characterize the charge heterogeneity of a variety of fusion protein therapeutics using imaged capillary isoelectric focusing (icIEF). We describe the development of the platform method, and analyze 9 fusion protein therapeutics. The results are reproducible in peak group area percentage and apparent pI determination. We compare the platform icIEF method to traditional slab gel IEF, which is still used in many laboratories for the analysis of fusion proteins. The peak patterns obtained from the icIEF method is comparable to the band patterns of the gel IEF. The platform method can also be used as the starting point if further optimization is needed even when high resolution is required. The platform method described in this study can be applied as an identity and purity assay for fusion proteins in the biopharmaceutical industry.

7.
Front Oncol ; 11: 734853, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858816

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB), particularly programmed death 1 (PD-1) and its ligand (PD-L1), has shown considerable clinical benefits in patients with various cancers. Many studies show that PD-L1 expression may be biomarkers to help select responders for anti-PD-1 treatment. Therefore, it is necessary to elucidate the molecular mechanisms that control PD-L1 expression. As a potential chemosensitizer and anticancer drug, disulfiram (DSF) kills tumor cells via regulating multiple signaling pathways and transcription factors. However, its effect on tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) remains unclear. Here, we showed that DSF increased PD-L1 expression in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Through bioinformatics analysis, we found that DNMT1 was highly expressed in TNBC tissue and PD-L1 was negatively correlated with IRF7 expression. DSF reduced DNMT1 expression and activity, and hypomethylated IRF7 promoter region resulting in upregulation of IRF7. Furthermore, we found DSF enhanced PD-L1 expression via DNMT1-mediated IRF7 hypomethylation. In in vivo experiments, DSF significantly improved the response to anti-PD-1 antibody (Ab) in 4T1 breast cancer mouse model. Immunohistochemistry staining showed that granzyme B+ and CD8+ T cells in the tumor tissues were significantly increased in the combination group. By analyzing the results of the tumor tissue RNA sequencing, four immune-associated pathways were significantly enriched in the DSF joint anti-PD-1 Ab group. In conclusion, we found that DSF could upregulate PD-L1 in TNBC cells and elucidated its mechanism. Our findings revealed that the combination of DSF and anti-PD-1 Ab could activate TIME to show much better antitumor efficacy than monotherapy.

8.
New Phytol ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767630

RESUMO

We aimed to identify genomic traits of transitions to ectomycorrhizal ecology within the Boletales, by comparing the genomes of 21 symbiotrophic species to their saprotrophic brown-rot relatives. Gene duplication rate is constant along the backbone of Boletales phylogeny with large loss events in several lineages, while gene family expansion sharply increased in the late Miocene, mostly in the Boletaceae. Ectomycorrhizal Boletales have a reduced set of plant cell wall degrading enzymes (PCWDEs) compared to their brown-rot relatives. However, the various lineages retain distinct sets of PCWDEs, suggesting that over their evolutionary history symbiotic Boletales have become functionally diverse. The smaller PCWDE repertoire was found in Sclerodermatineae. The gene repertoire of several lignocellulose oxidoreductases (e.g. laccases) is similar in brown-rot and ectomycorrhizal species, suggesting that symbiotic Boletales are capable of mild lignocellulose decomposition. TE proliferation contributed to the higher evolutionary rate of genes encoding effector-like small secreted proteins, proteases and lipases. On the other hand, we showed that the loss of secreted CAZymes was not related to TE activity, but to DNA decay. The present study provides novel insights on our understanding of the mechanisms influencing the evolutionary diversification of symbiotic boletes.

9.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786818

RESUMO

Oxidative stress (OS)-induced mitochondrial damage and the subsequent osteoblast dysfunction contributes to the initiation and progression of osteoporosis. Notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1), isolated from Panax notoginseng, has potent antioxidant effects and has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. This study aimed to investigate the protective property and mechanism of NGR1 on oxidative-damaged osteoblast. Osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were pretreated with NGR1 24 h before hydrogen peroxide administration simulating OS attack. Cell viability, apoptosis rate, osteogenic activity and markers of mitochondrial function were examined. The role of C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signalling pathway on oxidative injured osteoblast and mitochondrial function was also detected. Our data indicate that NGR1 (25 µM) could reduce apoptosis as well as restore osteoblast viability and osteogenic differentiation. NGR1 also reduced OS-induced mitochondrial ROS and restored mitochondrial membrane potential, adenosine triphosphate production and mitochondrial DNA copy number. NGR1 could block JNK pathway and antagonize the destructive effects of OS. JNK inhibitor (SP600125) mimicked the protective effects of NGR1while JNK agonist (Anisomycin) abolished it. These data indicated that NGR1 could significantly attenuate OS-induced mitochondrial damage and restore osteogenic differentiation of osteoblast via suppressing JNK signalling pathway activation, thus becoming a promising agent in treating osteoporosis.

10.
Adv Mater ; : e2103548, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725867

RESUMO

Developing highly active and stable nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) catalysts for NH3 electrosynthesis remains challenging. Herein, an unusual NRR electrocatalyst is reported with a single Zn(I) site supported on hollow porous N-doped carbon nanofibers (Zn1 N-C). The Zn1 N-C nanofibers exhibit an outstanding NRR activity with a high NH3 yield rate of ≈16.1 µg NH3 h-1 mgcat -1 at -0.3 V and Faradaic efficiency (FE) of 11.8% in alkaline media, surpassing other previously reported carbon-based NRR electrocatalysts with transition metals atomically dispersed and nitrogen coordinated (TM-Nx ) sites. 15 N2 isotope labeling experiments confirm that the feeding nitrogen gas is the only nitrogen source in the production of NH3 . Structural characterization reveals that atomically dispersed Zn(I) sites with Zn-N4 moieties are likely the active sites, and the nearby graphitic N site synergistically facilitates the NRR process. In situ attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared measurement and theoretical calculation elucidate that the formation of initial *NNH intermediate is the rate-limiting step during the NH3 production. The graphitic N atoms adjacent to the tetracoordinate Zn-N4 moieties could significantly lower the energy barrier for this step to accelerate hydrogenation kinetics duing the NRR.

11.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 736911, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790705

RESUMO

Zinc dyshomeostasis has been involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy; however, the dynamic regulation of intracellular zinc and its downstream signaling in cardiac hypertrophy remain largely unknown. Using Zincpyr1 staining, we found a significant decrease of intracellular Zinc concentration in phenylephrine (PE)-induced hypertrophy of neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs). We then screened SLC39 family members responsible for zinc uptake and identified Slc39a2 as the only one altered by PE treatment. Slc39a2 knockdown in NRVMs reduced the intracellular Zinc level, and exacerbated the hypertrophic responses to PE treatment. In contrast, adenovirus-mediated Slc39a2 overexpression enhanced zinc uptake and suppressed PE-induced Nppb expression. RNA sequencing analysis showed a pro-hypertrophic transcriptome reprogramming after Slc39a2 knockdown. Interestingly, the innate immune signaling pathways, including NOD signaling, TOLL-like receptor, NFκB, and IRFs, were remarkably enriched in the Slc39a2-regulated genes. Slc39a2 deficiency enhanced the phosphorylation of P65 NFκB and STAT3, and reduced the expression of IκBα. Finally, the expression of IRF7 was significantly increased by Slc39a2 knockdown, which was in turn suppressed by IRF7 knockdown. Our data demonstrate that zinc homeostasis mediated by a Slc39a2/IRF7 regulatory circuit contributes to the alteration of innate immune signaling in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817164

RESUMO

Zone-melted Bi2Te3-based alloys are the only commercially available thermoelectric (TE) materials, but they suffer from mediocre figure of merit (ZT) values and brittleness. In this work, we prepared Bi0.48Sb1.52Te3 sintered samples using a hot-pressing method and added tiny AgCuTe to improve the comprehensive properties. Because the carrier concentration is boosted by the AgCuTe addition, the bipolar effect at higher temperature is explicitly suppressed and the power factor is also improved in a broad temperature scope. Simultaneously, κlat is mostly diminished by the introduced phonon scattering centers comprising point defects, dislocations, and grain boundaries. Consequently, we achieved a ZTmax of 1.25 at 350 K and its average ZTave of 1.1 from 300 to 500 K in the (Bi0.48Sb1.52Te3 + 3 wt % Te) + 0.12 wt % AgCuTe sample. Composed of this sample and commercial Bi2Te2.5Se0.5, the fabricated TE module manifests a maximum power output density of 0.31 W cm-2 (Tcold = 300 K and Thot = 500 K). This work suggests that AgCuTe-doped Bi0.48Sb1.52Te3 is promising for recovering low-grade thermal energy near room temperature.

13.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(11)2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC), preoperative short-course radiotherapy (SCRT) with delayed surgery has been shown to be as effective as long-course chemoradiotherapy, with only modest benefits. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of preoperative SCRT combined with subsequent CAPOX (capecitabine and oxaliplatin) and the anti-PD-1 antibody camrelizumab in patients with LARC. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-arm, phase II trial. Treatment-naïve patients with histologically confirmed T3-4N0M0 or T1-4N+M0 rectal adenocarcinoma received 5×5 Gy SCRT with two subsequent 21-day cycles of CAPOX plus camrelizumab after 1 week, followed by radical surgery after 1 week. The primary endpoint was pathological complete response (pCR) rate. Biomarker analysis was performed to identify a potential predictor of pCR to treatment. RESULTS: From November 7, 2019 to September 14, 2020, 30 patients were enrolled, and 27 patients received at least one dose of CAPOX plus camrelizumab. Surgery was performed in 27 (100%) patients. The pCR (ypT0N0) rate was 48.1% (13/27), including 46.2% (12/26) for proficient mismatch repair (MMR) tumors and 100% (1/1) for deficient MMR tumors. Immune-related adverse events were all grade 1-2, with the most common being reactive cutaneous capillary endothelial proliferation (81.5%). No grade 4/5 adverse events occurred. Biomarker analysis showed patients without FGFR1-3 deletions had a better tendency for pCR. CONCLUSIONS: SCRT combined with subsequent CAPOX plus camrelizumab followed by delayed surgery showed a favorable pCR rate with good tolerance in patients with LARC, especially in the proficient MMR setting. A randomized controlled trial is ongoing to confirm these results. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04231552.

14.
Front Psychol ; 12: 661235, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721130

RESUMO

The evaluation of the learning process is an effective way to realize personalized online learning. Real-time evaluation of learners' cognitive level during online learning helps to monitor learners' cognitive state and adjust learning strategies to improve the quality of online learning. However, most of the existing cognitive level evaluation methods use manual coding or traditional machine learning methods, which are time-consuming and laborious. They cannot fully mine the implicit cognitive semantic information in unstructured text data, making the cognitive level evaluation inefficient. Therefore, this study proposed the bidirectional gated recurrent convolutional neural network combined with an attention mechanism (AM-BiGRU-CNN) deep neural network cognitive level evaluation method, and based on Bloom's taxonomy of cognition objectives, taking the unstructured interactive text data released by 9167 learners in the massive open online course (MOOC) forum as an empirical study to support the method. The study found that the AM-BiGRU-CNN method has the best evaluation effect, with the overall accuracy of the evaluation of the six cognitive levels reaching 84.21%, of which the F1-Score at the creating level is 91.77%. The experimental results show that the deep neural network method can effectively identify the cognitive features implicit in the text and can be better applied to the automatic evaluation of the cognitive level of online learners. This study provides a technical reference for the evaluation of the cognitive level of the students in the online learning environment, and automatic evaluation in the realization of personalized learning strategies, teaching intervention, and resources recommended have higher application value.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725738

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether TCF-1+PD-1+CD8+T cells are associated with the response to PD-1 blockade in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS: We investigated the expression of TCF-1+PD-1+CD8+T cells and elucidated their predictive role in NSCLC patients. Pretreatment specimens from 20 advanced NSCLC patients who underwent PD-1 immunotherapy or combined with chemotherapy were analyzed. The frequencies of TCF-1+ cells in PD-1+CD8+T cells were determined in these biospecimens using multi-label immunofluorescence staining and multi-spectral acquisition technology. The clinical roles of TCF-1+PD-1+CD8+T cells were assessed via analyzing our cases and human NSCLC data collected from public databases. RESULTS: A high frequency of TCF-1+PD-1+CD8+T cells was identified in responders compared with non-responders (p = 0.0024), and the patients with high expression of this cell subset had durable clinical benefit of anti-PD-1 therapy. There were no significant association between the expression of TCF-1+PD-1+CD8+T cells and patients' age, smoking history, pathologic type, and genetic status. In univariate analysis by the Cox hazard model, high frequency of TCF-1+ PD-1+ CD8+T cells was significantly correlated with patients' benefit of PD-1 blockade (p = 0.024). CONCLUSION: Our study indicated that TCF-1+PD-1+CD8+T cells are associated with the response to PD-1 blockade, and may be a predictor of anti-PD-1 therapy.

16.
Bioinformatics ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726689

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Robust oscillation of clock genes is a core feature of the circadian system. Relative amplitude (rAMP) measures the robustness of clock gene oscillations but only works for longitudinal samples. We lack a method for estimating robust oscillations from human samples without labeled time. We show that the normalized coefficient of variation (nCV) of 10 clock genes is linearly correlated with their normalized rAMP, independent of time labels. We found that the mean nCV of clock genes are consistently decreased in tumors compared to non-tumors, suggesting a new therapeutic target in cancer treatment by enhancing clock robustness. nCV can provide a simple measure of the clock robustness in population-level datasets. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The nCV package (https://github.com/gangwug/nCV) and web application (https://github.com/gangwug/nCVapp) are available on the GitHub repository. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

17.
ChemSusChem ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747148

RESUMO

Plastic has now become a contradiction between civilization and pollution which human society has to resolve. The recycling of thermosetting plastics in waste plastics is even more a huge challenge since they are difficult to remold like thermoplastic plastics due to their high crosslinking density. Here, a new strategy is presented to achieve multicycling of anhydride-cured epoxy thermosets. The process consists of mild and high-efficiency alcoholysis catalyzed by potassium phosphate/low-boiling alcohol system, and subsequent fast hydrolysis to obtain degradation products rich of carboxyl groups. The degradation products are reused as curing agent to prepare new anhydride-cured epoxy thermosets without sacrifice of high strength and high stability. Moreover, the new epoxy thermosets can still be repeatedly recycled using the same protocol. The insoluble property of the potassium phosphate in the ethanol at room temperatures makes the separation and reuse of the catalyst more convenient. Meanwhile low-boiling alcohol not only allows high-efficiency degradation, but also enables easy separation from the degradation products. The excellent degradation performance is attribute to the improved swelling of the thermoset and the increased solubility of potassium phosphate induced by the small water in the alcohol. This research provides a recycling method that can reintegrate thermoset waste plastics into remodeling ones under the background of circular economy.

18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 730091, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746022

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of gut microbiota and serum metabolite levels in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (B-CS) and their importance for guiding clinical management strategies. In total, 214 B-CS patients (93 untreated and 121 treated) and 41 healthy controls were enrolled. Gut microbiota and serum metabolome were analysed using shotgun metagenomics and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The gut microbiota of the patients showed abundance of Campylobacter and low levels of Saccharomyces, Deinococcus, and Thiomonas (P < 0.05). Thirty metabolites, including taurocholate and (R)-3-hydroxybutyric acid, were identified in the patients (VIP > 1, P < 0.05 and FC > 1.2 or FC < 0.83). Random forest (RF) models showed that serum metabolome could effectively identify B-CS from healthy controls and RF-metabolomics exhibited perfect discrimination (AUC = 100%, 95% CI: 100% - 100%), which was significantly higher than that achieved by RF-metagenomics (AUC = 58.48%, 95% CI: 38.46% - 78.5%). Campylobacter concisus and taurocholate showed significant positive correlation in patients with clinical manifestations (P < 0.05). Actinobacteria levels were significantly higher in untreated patients than in treated patients (P < 0.05). Campylobacter and Veillonella levels were significantly higher in treated patients than in healthy controls (P < 0.05). We identified major alterations in the gut microbiota and serum metabolome of patients with B-CS. Faecal metagenomics- and serum metabolomics-guided management strategies are required for patients with B-CS.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Budd-Chiari , Campylobacter , Humanos , Metabolômica , Metagenômica
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21548, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732820

RESUMO

ROI analysis is frequently used for obtaining acid content on rapid-kV-switching dual energy CT (DECT), providing inadequate accuracy. A new parameter derived from post-processing procedure, maximum lower limit with stain visible (MLLSV), was used by us to diagnose gout. 30 gout patients and 20 healthy volunteers were analyzed by using MLLSV. MLLSV was defined as the maximum lower limit of display window allowing only one stained site visible. Radiologists were asked to continuously increase the lower limit of display window of uric acid to decrease number of stained sites until the last stained site disappeared. MLLSV obtained by this way was compared between gout patients and volunteers. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the performance. MLLSV of gout patients was significantly higher than that of volunteers (1373.3 ± 23.0 mg/cm3 vs. 1315.4 ± 20.7 mg/cm3, p = 0.000). The area under ROC curve of MLLSV was 0.993 in identifying gout. When using the optimal cutoff of 1342 mg/cm3, the sensitivity and specificity of MLLSV in identification of gout were 96.7% and 95% respectively. MLLSV derived from post-processing procedure of DECT is useful in discriminating gout patients from healthy people.

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