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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31991519

RESUMO

Idiopathic interstitial pulmonary fibrosis is a common diffuse interstitial lung disease and has poor prognosis. And one of the pathological features of it is persistent fibroblast activation. It was reported that microRNA-30a was down-regulated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients. But whether miR-30a is involved in fibroblast activation and its specific mechanism is unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of miR-30a in fibroblast activation induced by TGF-ß1. We found miR-30a could targetedly suppress FAP-α expression. In MRC5 cells, miR-30a was not only involved in regulating the expression of FAP-α, col1a and α-SMA induced by TGF-ß1 but also had a role in cell proliferation with or without TGF-ß1 treatment via regulating FAP-α expression. Thus, the results indicated that miR-30a alleviated fibroblast activation by regulating the expression of FAP-α.

2.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(4): 3642-3648, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485643

RESUMO

There is increasing evidence that human complement factor H­related protein 1 (CFHR1) plays a crucial role in the development of malignant diseases. However, few studies have identified the roles of CFHR1 in the occurrence and prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma (LADC). In the present study, comprehensive bioinformatic analyses of data obtained from the Oncomine platform, UALCAN and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) demonstrated that CFHR1 expression is significantly reduced in both LADC tissues and cancer cells. The patients presenting with downregulation of CFHR1 had significantly lower overall survival (OS) and post progression survival (PPS) times. Through analysis of the datasets from Gene Expression Omnibus database, we found that the compound actinomycin D promoted CFHR1 expression, further displaying the cytotoxic effect in the LADC cell line A549. In addition, the expression level of CFHR1 in the cisplatin­resistant LADC cell line CDDP­R (derived from H460) was also significantly reduced. Our research demonstrated that low levels of CFHR1 are specifically found in LADC samples, and CFHR1 could serve as a potential therapeutic target for this subset of lung cancers. Determination of the detailed roles of CFHR1 in LADC biology could provide insightful information for further investigations.

3.
Curr Res Transl Med ; 67(4): 123-128, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492588

RESUMO

Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase-1 (CPS1), the first rate-limiting mitochondrial enzyme in the urea cycle, regulates proliferation and differentiation during tumor progression. However, the detailed function of CPS1 in glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is still unclear. Here, we highlight mechanisms for CPS1 upregulation and the effects of upregulated CPS1 on GBM tumorigenesis. The transcriptome data from several public databases, such as Oncomine and GEPIA, revealed that CPS1 transcriptional level was significantly upregulated in GBM tissues and cells. Moreover, CPS1 was hypomethylated in GBM tissues. The Wanderer database, linked to the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), showed the association between CPS1 expression or its methylation values and the clinicopathological parameters in GBM patients. Our work fully demonstrated that CPS1 expression was upregulated in GBM and this gene could be used as a potential diagnostic and prognosis indicator for GBM.

4.
PeerJ ; 7: e7125, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31245181

RESUMO

Neurotrophic receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (NTRK2) is a member of the tropomyosin receptor kinase family associated with the tumor development. However, the detailed function of NTRK2 in lung cancer, especially in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), is still not fully understood. Here, we investigated the effects of NTRK2 on LUAD biology. Through analyzing bioinformatics data derived from several databases, such as Oncomine, Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis and UALCAN, we found that NTRK2 expression was significantly decreased in LUAD tissues. Clinical data acquired from Wanderer database, which is linked to The Cancer Genome Atlas database, demonstrated that the expression and methylation site of NTRK2 were significantly related to the clinical characteristics and prognosis of LUAD. Furthermore, NTRK2 expression was increased remarkably after treatment with the protein kinase B (AKT) inhibitor MK2206 and the anticancer agent actinomycin D. Functional enrichment analysis of NTRK2-associated coexpression genes was further conducted. Together, our results suggested that downregulated NTRK2 might be used in the diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of LUAD patients, or as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of LUAD.

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