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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(5): 3140-3147, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635658

RESUMO

Platinum (Pt) has been intensively studied as an effective cocatalyst for photocatalysis, but most reports have focused on metallic Pt rather than PtO. Here, Pt/PtO nanodots were deposited on porous yolk-shell La2O3 microspheres. XRD patterns and XPS analysis demonstrated the coexistence of Pt and PtO, which was beneficial for photocatalytic performance. SEM images showed the yolk-shell structure of La2O3, and TEM images demonstrated that the Pt/PtO nanodots were uniformly distributed on the La2O3 microspheres. The rate constant of the hybrid was calculated to be 0.00656 min-1 for methyl orange (MO) degradation, while that of bare La2O3 was only 0.00303 min-1. This work suggests that the use of the deposited cocatalyst Pt/PtO on La2O3 microspheres is a promising strategy for the degradation of organic pollutants.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 48(47): 17683-17690, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764933

RESUMO

Silicon/carbon (Si/C) nanocomposite anodes have attracted great interest for their use in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, Si nanoparticles are difficult to stabilize on a carbon surface. Herein, we solve this stabilization problem by designing a Si/silicon carbide/nanographite sheet (Si/SiC/NanoG) nanocomposite. The Si/SiC/NanoG nanocomposite is synthesized by the magnesium thermal reduction of a mixture of silica (SiO2) nanoparticles and NanoG at low temperature, which results in a sandwich-like structure in which the middle SiC layer serves as a linker to stabilize the Si nanoparticles on the surface of NanoGs. Electrochemical characterization shows that the Si/SiC/NanoG nanocomposite anode exhibits outstanding electrochemical performance (an initial reversible capacity of 1135.4 mA h g-1 and 80.4% capacity retention after 100 cycles at 100 mA g-1). This high capacity retention is due to the strong connection between Si and NanoG through the interfacial SiC layer, which buffers the volume changes during the Li-Si alloying-dealloying process. This research will contribute to the design of advanced Si/C anode materials of LIBs.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 553: 465-474, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229865

RESUMO

In this work, a novel Fe3O4@C@MnO2 hybrid was successfully synthesized via facile method. The morphology, structure, chemical composition, magnetic behavior and EM wave absorbing performance of the hybrid were systematically investigated. Results indicate that the hybrid possesses uniform hierarchical and mesoporous structure. The magnetic saturation(Ms) value of the hybrid is 19.8 emu g-1, which is beneficial to improve magnetic loss. According to its reflection loss curve, the hybrid performs superior EM wave absorption capacity, with a minimum reflection loss value and effective absorbing bandwidth of -35 dB and 5 GHz when the specimen thickness is 2.7 mm. The excellent performance of this hybrid can mainly be attributed to its ideal matching of magnetic loss and dielectric loss, large specific surface area, mesoporous structure and interfacial polarizations. Such new material has the potential to be a superior electromagnetic wave absorber, or applied as a functional filler to modify resin matrix.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 548: 233-243, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004956

RESUMO

A novel and simple approach to preparing hierarchical zinc oxide/reduced graphene oxide (ZnO/RGO@RGO) composite is demonstrated using few-layered graphene oxide (GO) and metal zinc as starting materials following combined processes, including in-situ metal zinc reduction and catalyzed GO deoxygenation. Metal zinc can directly reduce GO sheets in aqueous GO suspension at room temperature to obtain a porous composite precursor (ZnO/RGO) with ZnO nanoparticles anchored on the RGO sheets. Then another RGO protecting layer is directly coated on the ZnO/RGO precursor to obtain the hierarchical ZnO/RGO@RGO composite. In this step, the exposed ZnO nanoparticles on the surface of ZnO/RGO play the role of catalyst to accelerate the deoxygenation of GO from the extra added GO aqueous suspension under mild hydrothermal condition. The reaction mechanism of metal zinc with GO aqueous suspension has been explored and the catalyst role of ZnO has been verified in this work. The prepared ZnO/RGO@RGO composite exhibited both stable cycling performance and good rate capability as anode for lithium-ion batteries. The method to prepare ZnO/RGO composite is economic and eco-friendly, and the ZnO catalyzing GO reduction opens a new approach to prepare graphene derivates.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 537: 366-374, 2018 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453230

RESUMO

Twisted PdCu nanochains are synthesized successfully via a staged thermal treatment route, offering rich twin boundaries as catalytic "active sites" and modified electronic effects. Toward formic acid oxidation, the twisted PdCu nanochains hold the highest catalytic peak current density (1108.2 mA mg-1Pd) over previous reported PdCu alloy catalysts, and also much higher catalytic activity and durability comparing with Pd nanochains and commercial Pd/C. The catalytic enhancement mechanism to PdCu nanochains is proposed and discussed. Additionally, we found that the formation of PdCu nanochains follows a typical anisotropic growth approach, and the multiple steps of staged thermal treatment route displays a vital role in fabricating the unique PdCu nanochains while the introduced Cu precursors might affect the reduction rate of Pd species and act as deposition or nucleation sites for twisted structure in terms of rich twin boundaries. This work describes an efficient, low-Pd loading catalyst for electrooxidation of formic acid, and also demonstrates a universal method to fabricate other defect-rich catalysts for broad applications in energy conversion and storage systems and sensing devices.

6.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 8(4)2018 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29662038

RESUMO

Development of polymer-based composites with simultaneously high thermal conductivity and breakdown strength has attracted considerable attention owing to their important applications in both electronic and electric industries. In this work, boron nitride (BN) nanofibers (BNNF) are successfully prepared as fillers, which are used for epoxy composites. In addition, the BNNF in epoxy composites are aligned by using a film casting method. The composites show enhanced thermal conductivity and dielectric breakdown strength. For instance, after doping with BNNF of 2 wt%, the thermal conductivity of composites increased by 36.4% in comparison with that of the epoxy matrix. Meanwhile, the breakdown strength of the composite with 1 wt% BNNF is 122.9 kV/mm, which increased by 6.8% more than that of neat epoxy (115.1 kV/mm). Moreover, the composites have maintained a low dielectric constant and alternating current conductivity among the range of full frequency, and show a higher thermal decomposition temperature and glass-transition temperature. The composites with aligning BNNF have wide application prospects in electronic packaging material and printed circuit boards.

7.
Pest Manag Sci ; 74(7): 1728-1735, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29377489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing attention is being paid to physical methods to control pests such as insect trapping. In order to examine how pesticides can reasonably be combined with the use of an insect-trapping lamp and by how much this can reduce the amount of pesticide used, five treatments were applied to a winter wheat-summer maize rotation system in eastern China: a treatment in which only pesticides were used; a treatment with only insect-trapping lamps; insect-trapping lamps plus one application of pesticides; insect-trapping lamps plus two applications of pesticides; insect-trapping lamps plus three applications of pesticides. RESULTS: The results showed that, when pesticides were reduced by 25-35%, the insect-trapping lamps controlled the insect population well and yields were not decreased but were actually increased, with pesticides being applied only at 2 days before winter wheat planting, at winter wheat flowering and at the big flare stage of summer maize. Reducing pesticides by 35-65% had no adverse effect on crop yields, and thus had the potential to reduce the costs of pest control and produce the greatest economic benefit. When no pesticides were used in the insect-trapping lamp control area, the annual yield was still >15 t hm-2 . CONCLUSION: If pesticides are used in a timely fashion and at the appropriate stage, their use may be greatly reduced with the help of an insect-trapping lamp. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Controle de Insetos/métodos , Inseticidas , Luz , Triticum , Zea mays , China , Produção Agrícola/métodos , Estações do Ano , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento
8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(6): 5660-5668, 2017 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28116900

RESUMO

Design of an interface to arouse interface polarization is an efficient route to attenuate high-frequency electromagnetic waves. The attenuation intensity is highly related to the contact area. To achieve stronger interface polarization, growing metal oxide granular film on graphene with a larger surface area seems to be an efficient strategy due to the high charge carrier concentration of graphene. This study is devoted to fabricating the filmlike composite by a facile thermal decomposition method and investigating the relationship among contact area, polarization intensity, and the type of metal oxide. Because of the high-frequency polarization effect, the composites presented excellent electromagnetic wave attenuation ability. It is shown that the optimal effective frequency bandwidth of graphene/metal oxide was close to 7.0 GHz at a thin coating layer of 2.0 mm. The corresponding reflection loss value was nearly -22.1 dB. Considering the attenuation mechanism, interface polarization may play a key role in the microwave-absorbing ability.

9.
PeerJ ; 4: e2137, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27366643

RESUMO

Organic farming has been regarded as an alternative solution for both agricultural sustainability and human health maintenance. Few researches have concentrated on the differences of biodiversity and eco-economic benefits between organic and conventional orchards. Organic management (OM) of orchards mainly includes taking advantage of natural enemies and beneficial weeds as well as soil organisms and controlling harmful pests. Here we conducted a three-year experiment on the effects of managing biodiversity in an organic apple orchard, using cattle manure to enrich soil biota, propagating native plant to suppress weeds and applying ecological pest management to control pests. The effect was assessed against the conventional management (CM) model. We found that OM enhanced soil organic carbon, total nitrogen, microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen. The 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing results indicated that the dominant bacterial phyla of the top soil were Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria, and OM had richer bacteria diversity with a 7% higher Shannon's index than the CM. In particular, the relative abundance of rhizobium in the OM was higher than that of the CM. For OM, Duchesnea indica was an ideal ground-cover plant to control weeds through winning the niche competition and thus decreased weeds' Simpson, Shannon-Wiener and Pielou index by 38.2%, 53.8% and 16.9% separately. The phototactic pests' weight and scarab beetle's population were effectively decreased by 35% and 86% respectively through long time control and prevention. OM had an average of 20 times more earthworms than CM, and the maximum density had reached 369 m(-2) (0-20 cm soil). The dominant earthworm species of the OM were detritivores which preferring soil with high organic matter content. Due to no synthetic chemicals being used, the OM produced much safer apple fruits which were sold at high prices. Economically, up to a 103% increase of output-input ratio had been achieved in the OM. Our study clearly demonstrated that biodiversity management without chemical pollution increased the biodiversity of beneficial organisms, reduced antagonists of the fruit tree, and enhanced economic benefits of the apple orchard.

10.
Chemistry ; 22(26): 8864-71, 2016 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27164001

RESUMO

Uniform multishelled NiO, Co3 O4 , ZnO, and Au@NiO hollow spheres were synthesized (NiO and Co3 O4 hollow spheres for the first time) by a simple shell-by-shell self-assembly allowing for tuning of the the size, thickness and shell numbers by controlling the heat treatment, glucose/metal salt molar ratio, and hydrothermal reaction time. These findings further the development of synthetic methodologies for multishelled hollow structures and could open up new opportunities for deeper understanding of the mechanisms of shell-by-shell self-assembly. Moreover, the double-shelled NiO hollow sphere exhibits a higher photocatalytic activity for degradation of methyl orange than its morphological counterparts.


Assuntos
Cobalto/química , Níquel/química , Óxidos/química , Óxido de Zinco/química , Compostos Azo/química , Catálise , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão e Varredura , Fotólise/efeitos da radiação , Raios Ultravioleta
11.
Sci Rep ; 6: 23816, 2016 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27032369

RESUMO

Organic farming (OF) has been believed to be capable of curtailing some hazardous effects associated with chemical farming (CF). However, debates also exist on whether OF can feed a world with increasing human population. We hypothesized that some improvements on OF may produce adequate crops and reduce environmental pollutions from CF. This paper makes comparative analysis of crop yield, soil organic matter and economic benefits within the practice on Biodiversity Management of Organic Farming (BMOF) at Hongyi Organic Farm (HOF) over eight years and between BMOF and CF. Linking crop production with livestock to maximal uses of by-products from each production and avoid xenobiotic chemicals, we have achieved beneficial improvement in soil properties, effective pest and weed control, and increased crop yields. After eight years experiment, we have obtained a gradual but stable increase in crop yields with a 9.6-fold increase of net income. The net income of HOF was 258,827 dollars and 24,423 dollars in 2014 and 2007 respectively. Thus, BMOF can not only feed more population, but also increase adaptive capacity of agriculture ecosystems and gain much higher economic benefits.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Produtos Agrícolas , Agricultura Orgânica/métodos , Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos , Animais , Bovinos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Oligoquetos , Agricultura Orgânica/economia , Controle de Pragas/instrumentação , Controle de Pragas/métodos , Plantas Daninhas , Aves Domésticas , Solo , Triticum , Zea mays
12.
Materials (Basel) ; 9(10)2016 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28773967

RESUMO

Three kinds of N-doped mesoporous TiO2 hollow spheres with different N-doping contents, surface area, and pore size distributions were prepared based on a sol-gel synthesis and combined with a calcination process. Melamine formaldehyde (MF) microspheres have been used as sacrificial template and cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) or polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) was selected as pore-directing agent. Core-shell intermediate spheres of titania-coated MF with diameters of 1.2-1.6 µm were fabricated by varying the volume concentration of TiO2 precursor from 1 to 3 vol %. By calcining the core-shell composite spheres at 500 °C for 3 h in air, an in situ N-doping process occurred upon the decomposition of the MF template and CTAB or PVP pore-directing surfactant. N-doped mesoporous TiO2 hollow spheres with sizes in the range of 0.4-1.2 µm and shell thickness from 40 to 110 nm were obtained. The composition and N-doping content, thermal stability, morphology, surface area and pore size distribution, wall thickness, photocatalytic activities, and optical properties of the mesoporous TiO2 hollow spheres derived from different conditions were investigated and compared based on Fourier-transformation infrared (FTIR), SEM, TEM, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), nitrogen adsorption-desorption, and UV-vis spectrophotoscopy techniques. The influences of particle size, N-doping, porous, and hollow characteristics of the TiO2 hollow spheres on their photocatalytic activities and optical properties have been studied and discussed based on the composition analysis, structure characterization, and optical property investigation of these hollow spherical TiO2 matrices.

13.
PLoS One ; 9(10): e108555, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25302996

RESUMO

The long-term application of excessive chemical fertilizers has resulted in the degeneration of soil quality parameters such as soil microbial biomass, communities, and nutrient content, which in turn affects crop health, productivity, and soil sustainable productivity. The objective of this study was to develop a rapid and efficient solution for rehabilitating degraded cropland soils by precisely quantifying soil quality parameters through the application of manure compost and bacteria fertilizers or its combination during maize growth. We investigated dynamic impacts on soil microbial count, biomass, basal respiration, community structure diversity, and enzyme activity using six different treatments [no fertilizer (CK), N fertilizer (N), N fertilizer + bacterial fertilizer (NB), manure compost (M), manure compost + bacterial fertilizer (MB), and bacterial fertilizer (B)] in the plowed layer (0-20 cm) of potted soil during various maize growth stages in a temperate cropland of eastern China. Denaturing gradient electrophoresis (DGGE) fingerprinting analysis showed that the structure and composition of bacterial and fungi communities in the six fertilizer treatments varied at different levels. The Shannon index of bacterial and fungi communities displayed the highest value in the MB treatments and the lowest in the N treatment at the maize mature stage. Changes in soil microorganism community structure and diversity after different fertilizer treatments resulted in different microbial properties. Adding manure compost significantly increased the amount of cultivable microorganisms and microbial biomass, thus enhancing soil respiration and enzyme activities (p<0.01), whereas N treatment showed the opposite results (p<0.01). However, B and NB treatments minimally increased the amount of cultivable microorganisms and microbial biomass, with no obvious influence on community structure and soil enzymes. Our findings indicate that the application of manure compost plus bacterial fertilizers can immediately improve the microbial community structure and diversity of degraded cropland soils.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Fertilizantes/microbiologia , Esterco/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/química , Agricultura/métodos , Biomassa , China , Análise por Conglomerados , Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento
14.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 23(7): 1945-51, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23173472

RESUMO

In order to make use of and industrialize the animal dung from large cattle farms, this paper explored the feasibility of using Tenebrio molitor to digest and utilize cattle dung. Cattle dung was mixed with the conventional feed (65% wheat bran, 30% corn flour, and 5% bean pulp) of T. molitor in definite proportions, and fermented with effective microorganisms (EM). The fermented products containing 60% and 80% of cattle dung (FD1 and FD2, respectively) were selected to feed T. molitor larvae, and the effects of the fermented products on the growth curve, death rate, pupation rate, and antioxidant system of the larvae were compared. Compared with CK (conventional deed), the FD1 made the developmental duration of the larvae prolonged by 10 days and the larvae's death rate upraised somewhat, but made the single larva's total food intake, average body mass, crude fat content, and ratio of unsaturated to saturated fat acids increased by 49%, 28%, 26%, and 32%, respectively (P < 0.05), and the activity of larvae's antioxidant system improved significantly, showing a remarkable adaptability of the larvae to FD1. Unlike FD1, FD2 displayed definite disadvantages in most test growth indicators, as compared with CK, indicating that T. molitor larvae had weak adaptability to FD2. Our findings suggested that using FD1 to feed the 3rd instar of T. molitor larvae would have good practical prospects in industrializing cattle dung.


Assuntos
Fermentação , Esterco , Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos , Tenebrio/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Bovinos , Fibras na Dieta , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Zea mays
15.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 23(2): 255-65, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21516999

RESUMO

Combined effects of ozone (03) and cadmium (Cd) on growth and physiology of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. JM22) were determined. Wheat plants were grown without or with Cd and exposed to charcoal-filtered air (< 10 ppb O3) or elevated O3 (80 +/- 5 ppb, 7 hr/day) for 20 days. Results showed that 03 considerably depressed light saturated net photosynthetic rate (-20%), stomatal conductance (-33%), chlorophyll content (-33%), and total biomass (-29%) without Cd. The corresponding decreases were further enhanced by 45%, 56%, 60% and 59%, respectively with Cd, indicating a synergistic effect of O3 and Cd on wheat. Ozone significantly increased the activity of superoxide dismutase (46%), catalase (48%) and peroxidase (56%). However, great increases in malondialdehyde (MDA) content (2.55 folds) and intercellular CO2 concentration (1.13 folds) were noted in O3+Cd treatment compared to control. Our findings demonstrated that the increased anti-oxidative activities in wheat plants exposed to O3+Cd might not be enough to overcome the adverse effects of the combination of both pollutants as evidenced by further increase in MDA content, which is an important indicator of lipid peroxidation. Precise prediction model on O3 damages to crop should be conducted to ensure agricultural production security by considering environmental constraints in an agricultural system in peri-urban regions.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Cádmio/toxicidade , Ozônio/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Triticum/efeitos dos fármacos , Catalase/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Triticum/enzimologia , Triticum/metabolismo
16.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 33(11): 1324-34, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20561225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recurrent atrial arrhythmias (RAAs) following posterior left atrial isolation (PLAI) for atrial fibrillation are common and are associated with reconnection of the PLA and pulmonary veins. We aimed to show that P-wave duration (PWD) and P-wave area under the curve (PWAUC) changes in patients undergoing PLAI can be measured using signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG), and that reversal of these changes in patients with RAAs can be used to noninvasively detect reconnection. METHODS: SAECG recordings before and after PLAI in 52 patients were analyzed for changes in PWD and PWAUC and also in 26 of these patients who had a repeat procedure for RAA. RESULTS: PWD and PWAUC reduced significantly in most leads following PLAI (mean 104 ± 11 ms to 93 ± 15 ms [P < 0.001] and 3.53 ± 1.23 microvolt seconds (µVs) to 2.87 ± 1.23 µVs [P = 0.001], respectively). Reconnection was observed in 20 of 26 patients at the repeat procedure. Compared to after the first procedure, reconnected patients had increased PWD and PWAUC (e.g., the increase in V4 was 14.1 ± 20.9 ms [P = 0.01] and 0.98 ± 1.17 µVs [P = 003], respectively) at the repeat procedure, while nonreconnected patients had decreased PWD and PWAUC (in V4, it was decreased by 11.5 ± 7.0 ms [P = 0.05] and 0.97 ± 0.33 µVs [P = 0.001]). A change in lead V4 PWAUC > -0.29 µVs for detecting reconnection had a sensitivity of 94% and specificity of 100% (receiver operator characteristic area under the curve 0.97, P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: PLAI reduces PWD and PWAUC while reconnection increases them both. SAECG may be able to detect reconnection of the PLA noninvasively.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Eletrocardiografia , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 21(9): 2347-52, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21265159

RESUMO

By using open top chambers (OTCs), soybean plants were grown in pots, and exposed to charcoal-filtered air ([O3] < 10 microg x kg(-1)) and elevated O3 (80 microg x kg(-1)) after anthesis, aimed to investigate the responses of soybean' s agronomic characters, leaf area, chlorophyll content, antioxidant system, and grain yield to elevated O3. Under elevated O3, the leaf area and chlorophyll content decreased significantly (P < 0.05), and the leaf catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and peroxidase (POD) activities had a significant increase (P < 0.01) first but a gradual decrease then, compared with those under charcoal-filtered air. Elevated O3 decreased the leaf soluble protein and ascorbate content (AsA) contents while increased the leaf malonaldehyde (MDA) content (P < 0.05), suggesting that the leaf membrane lipid peroxidation was accelerated. The dry mass per plant, effective pod number, grain number, 100-grains weight, and grain yield under elevated O3 had somewhat decreased, among which, grain yield decreased significantly, with the decrement reached to 47% (P < 0.01).


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Biomassa , Ozônio/efeitos adversos , Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
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