Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.129
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(4): 295-302, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241060

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the value of number of metastatic lymph nodes(NMLN), lymph node ratio(LNR) and log odds of metastatic lymph nodes(LODDS) in assessing the prognosis of patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(ICC). Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 440 ICC patients who underwent curative-intent resection in 10 of Chinese hepatobiliary surgery centers from January 2010 to December 2018 were collected, and the deadline of follow-up was April 30th, 2019. Among them, 205 were males and 235 were females, with age of (57.0±9.9) years (range:23-83 years).Eighty-five cases (19.3%) had intrahepatic bile duct stones, and 98 cases (22.3%) had chronic viral hepatitis.The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. The univariate and multivariate analysis were implemented respectively using the Log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard model. Results: A total of 440 patients underwent curative-intent resection and lymphadenectomy.R0 resection were achieved in 424 cases (96.4%) and R1 resection were in 16 cases (3.6%). The results of postoperative pathological examination showed that high, moderate and poor differentiation was 4.2%(18/426), 60.6%(258/426) and 35.2%(150/426), respectively.Adenocarcinoma was seen in 90.2%(397/440) and non-adenocarcinoma was seen in 9.8%(43/440), respectively. T stage: 2 cases (0.5%) with Tis, 83 cases(18.9%) with T1a, 97 cases(22.0%) with T1b, 95 cases(21.6%) with T2, 122 cases (27.7%) with T3 and 41 cases(9.3%) with T4.The overall median survival time was 24.0 months, and the 1-,3-, and 5-year survival rate was 74.3%, 37.7% and 18.3%, respectively. Lymphatic metastasis occurred in 175 patients(39.8%), the median total number of TNLE(M(Q(R))) was 6(5), the median number of NMLN was 0(1), the median number of LNR was 0 (0.33) and the median number of LODDS was -0.70(-0.92). Rerults of univariate analysis showed that combined stones, pathological differentiation, vascular invasion, LODDS, margin and T staging affected the prognosis (all P<0.05). Rerults of multivariate analysis showed that pathological differentiation, LODDS, margin, and T staging were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of ICC patients (all P<0.05). Conclusion: LODDS could be used as an optimal prognostic lymph node staging index for ICC, and it is also an independent risk factor for survival after curative intent resection.

2.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(0): E033, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234128

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of a cluster of 5 confirmed COVID⁃19 cases related with the transmission in incubation period of initial case, and find out the infection source and transmission chain.. Methods: According to "The Prevention and Control Protocol for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Third Edition)" issued by the National Health Commission, a field epidemiological survey was conducted for the 5 cases in January 2020. Nasopharyngeal swabs and sputum samples were collected from them for the detection of 2019-nCoV by real time RT-PCR. Multi prevention and control measures were taken, such as tracking and screening close contacts, medical isolation observation, investigating the epidemiological link, analyzing transmission chain. Results: Case 1, who had common environmental exposure with other COVID⁃19 cases, got sick on 20 January, 2020 and was confirmed on 1 February. Case 2 became symptomatic on 22 January and was confirmed on 27 January. Case 3 got sick on 25 January and was confirmed on 30 January. Case 4 had illness onset on 20 January and was confirmed on 1 February. Case 5 got sick on 23 January and was confirmed on 31 January. Among the 5 cases, case 2 died and the illness of other cases were effectively controlled. After exclusion of other common exposure factors, case 1 had a 6-hour meeting with case 2 and case 3 on 19 January. Case 2 and case 3 might be infected by case 1 during the incubation period. It is the key point for epidemiological investigation. Conclusion: The epidemiological investigation indicates that the transmission might occur in the incubation period of COVID-19 case, close attention should be paid to it in future COVID-19 prevention and control.

3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(11): 859-863, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234159

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility of clinical factors to predict the pathological complete response after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in rectal cancer. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical factors of 162 patients with rectal cancer, who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in the General Hospital of People's Liberation Army from January 2011 to December 2018.According to the postoperative pathological results, the patients were divided into pathological complete response (pCR) group and non-pathological complete response group (non-pCR group) to check the predictive clinical factors for pCR. Results: Twenty-eight cases achieved pCR after neoadjuvant chemoradiation (17.3%, 28/162). Univariate analysis showed that patients with higher differentiation (P=0.024), tumor occupation of the bowel lumen≤1/2 (P=0.006), earlier clinical T stage (P=0.013), earlier clinical N stage (P=0.009), the time interval between neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery>49 days (P=0.006), and maximum tumor diameter≤5 cm (P=0.019) were more likely to obtain pCR, and the differences werestatistically significant. Multivariate analysis showed that tumor occupation of the bowel lumen≤1/2 (P=0.01), maximum tumor diameter≤5 cm (P=0.035), and the interval>49 days (P=0.009) were independent factors in predicting pCR after neoadjuvant therapy. Conclusion: Tumor occupation of the bowel lumen, maximum tumor diameter, and the time interval between neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery can predict the pCR in rectal cancer.

6.
J Nutr Sci ; 9: e7, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166022

RESUMO

Types of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) can differ greatly between countries, with greater consumption of sweetened tea in Asia. This study aimed to understand changes in SSB consumption by adolescents in Taiwan over 18 years and their association with demographic characteristics and clinical outcome. This study used survey data from the 1993-1996 and 2010-2011 Nutrition and Health Surveys in Taiwan. Participants were high school students aged 13 to 18 years. Data were weighted and analysed using SUDAAN 11.0 and SAS 9.4. Participants were asked about intake frequencies of SSB and were grouped into four different SSB intake groups based on the combination of high or low frequency (including moderate frequency) of intake of sweetened tea and soda/sports/energy drinks. Results indicated over 99 % of teens reported having at least one SSB in the past week. Smoking status was significantly associated with SSB intake types with high tea intake (high tea and low soda (HL) group, OR 7·56, P < 0·001; high tea and high soda (HH) group, OR 9·96, P < 0·001). After adjustment for potential confounders, adolescents in the low tea and high soda (LH) group (ß = 0·05, P = 0·034) had significantly higher mean serum uric acid values. In conclusion, sugary tea remains the SSB of choice for Taiwanese adolescents. Those with a frequent intake of soda/sports/energy drinks had a higher chance of being hyperuricaemic.

8.
J Dairy Sci ; 103(4): 3204-3218, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113756

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of calcium propionate (CaP) on rumen microbiota, fermentation indicators, and weight gain in calves both pre- and postweaning. Twenty-four newborn calves were randomly divided into 4 groups (2 × 2 factorial treatment arrangement): either pre- (90 d) or postweaning (160 d), and either without or with dietary CaP supplementation (5% dry matter). The CaP supplementation increased the body weight and rumen weight of the calves and lowered NH3-N concentration in the rumen. Microbiota composition was characterized by sequencing the amplicons of the bacterial and archaeal 16S rRNA genes. The CaP supplementation decreased the relative abundance of the phylum Bacteroidetes but tended to increase that of Proteobacteria. In addition, CaP supplementation decreased the diversity of bacteria and archaea in the rumen compared with the calves fed the control diet. Linear discriminant analysis of the rumen microbiota revealed that Succinivibrionaceae and Methanobrevibacter were enriched in the CaP group postweaning. A correlation was also present between the acetate to propionate ratio and the species that acted as co-occurrence network hubs, including Succiniclasticum, Treponema, and Megasphaera. In conclusion, CaP supplementation can improve body weight gain and rumen growth and alter the ruminal microbiota in calves both pre- and postweaning.

10.
Gut Microbes ; : 1-11, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167011

RESUMO

Background. Oral administration of bovine antibodies active against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) have demonstrated safety and efficacy against diarrhea in human challenge trials. The efficacy of bovine serum immunoglobulins (BSIgG) against recombinant colonization factor CS6 or whole cell ETEC strain B7A was assessed against challenge with the CS6-expressing B7A.Methods. This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in which healthy adults received oral hyperimmune BSIgG anti-CS6, anti-B7A whole cell killed or non-hyperimmune BSIgG (placebo) in a 1:1:1 ratio then challenged with ETEC B7A. Two days pre-challenge, volunteers began a thrice daily, seven day course of immunoprophylaxis. On day 3, subjects received 1 × 1010 CFUs of B7A. Subjects were observed for safety and the primary endpoint of moderate-severe diarrhea (MSD).Results. A total of 59 volunteers received product and underwent ETEC challenge. The BSIgG products were well-tolerated across all subjects. Upon challenge, 14/20 (70%) placebo recipients developed MSD, compared to 12/19 (63%; p = .74) receiving anti-CS6 BSIgG and 7/20 (35%; p = .06) receiving anti-B7A BSIgG. Immune responses to the ETEC infection were modest across all groups.Conclusions. Bovine-derived serum antibodies appear safe and well tolerated. Antibodies derived from cattle immunized with whole cell B7A provided 50% protection against MSD following B7A challenge; however, no protection was observed in subjects receiving serum antibodies targeting CS6. The lack of observed efficacy in this group may be due to low CS6 surface expression on B7A, the high dose challenge inoculum and/or the use of serum derived antibodies versus colostrum-derived antibodies.

11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(4): 1616-1623, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141528

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on the expression of Jagged1 in the rabbit tibial fracture healing, and its function and mechanism in this process via the Notch signaling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into control group (n=30) and experimental group (n=30). Then, a rabbit tibial fracture model was established. After surgery, the rabbits in experimental group were given 10 µg/kg PTH (1-34) once a day for 5 days a week, while those in control group were given an equal volume of normal saline. Six rabbits were randomly selected from each group at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 weeks after surgery to collect right tibia specimens. Next, X-ray examination, bone mineral density (BMD) test, histological detection, and serum biochemical test were performed. Additionally, the messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression levels of Notch1 and Jagged1 in the Notch signaling pathway were measured via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. Their protein levels were detected through Western blotting analysis. RESULTS: The healing and BMD in experimental group were better than those in control group since cortical and medullary bridging was observed in the rabbits of experimental group at the 6th week after surgery. Plasma level of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), P content, and the product of Ca and P significantly increased (p<0.05) in experimental group. The pathological morphology of the calluses stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) in experimental group was overtly superior to that in control group. The PCR results revealed that both mRNA and protein levels of Notch1 and Jagged1 were lower in control group than those in experimental group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: PTH (1-34) promotes the rabbit tibial fracture healing by regulating Jagged1 ligand molecules in the Notch signaling pathway.

12.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(3): 194-200, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135590

RESUMO

Objective: To survey the children under 7 years of age in nine cities of China for a better understanding of the current situation of childhood stunting. Methods: According to a stratified cluster sampling design, a cross-sectional survey on children under 7 years of age was carried out in 9 cities (Beijing, Harbin and Xi'an in northern China; Shanghai, Nanjing and Wuhan in central China; and Guangzhou, Fuzhou and Kunming in southern China) from June to November in 2016. A total of 110 499 children were recruited. Height of children was evaluated using the growth standards for Chinese children (2009 edition) .Children with height less than the 3rd percentile of the growth standards were considered as stunting, and children with height between the 3rd and 10th percentiles of the growth standards were considered as relatively short stature. Chi-square test was used for comparison between data of boys and girls, urban and suburban, as well as among different ages and regions. Results: Totally 113 084 children under 7 years of age should be investigated and actually 110 499 children were investigated, with a rate of 97.7%. The prevalence of stunting was 1.9% (2 141/110 499) among all the children. The prevalence of stunting in urban children (1.6%, 904/55 524) was lower than that in suburban children (2.3%, 1 237/54 975, χ(2)=56.246, P<0.01). The gender difference in stunting prevalence was not statistically significant (1.9% (1 121/57 921) in boys and 1.9% (1 020/52 578) in girls, χ(2)=0.003, P=0.965). The prevalence of stunting decreased with age for children younger than 3 years, from 1.8% (312/17 080) in 0-<1 year of age group to 1.2% (168/13 740) in 2-<3 years of age group, but increased to 2.2% (240/11 073) at 6-<7 years group. Comparison among different regions showed that the stunting prevalence in southern region was higher than those in the central and northern regions (0.9% (193/20 374) in northern urban, 0.8% (154/18 486) in central urban, and 3.3% (557/16 664) in southern urban children), showing a statistical significance (χ(2)=437.736, P<0.01); 1.1% (241/21 924) in northern suburban, 1.4% (227/16 775) in central suburban and 4.7% (769/16 276) in southern suburban children, showing a statistical significance (χ(2)=646.533, P<0.01). In urban areas, the difference between the central and northern regions showed no statistical significance (χ(2)=1.429, P=0.232) and the stunting prevalence of central Chinese children was slightly higher than that of northern Chinese children in suburban areas (χ(2)=5.130, P=0.024). Among the nine cities, the stunting prevalence of Guangzhou (6.1%, 613/10 019) was higher than those of other cities (χ(2)=1 559.64, P<0.01). Among the stunting children, 78.4% (1 679/2 141) were classified as borderline or mild and only 7.2% (154/2 141) were classified as severe. The prevalence of relatively short stature was 5.2% (5 721/110 499). Conclusions: The prevalence of stunting among children under 7 years of age in nine cities of China is low and most of the stunting children were classified as mild; the prevalence of stunting in suburban children is higher than that in urban children; the gender difference show no statistical significance; and the prevalence of stunting in southern Chinese children is higher than those in central and northern Chinese children.


Assuntos
Estatura , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Transtornos do Crescimento/epidemiologia , Pequim , Estatura/fisiologia , Peso Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Transtornos do Crescimento/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(3): 206-212, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135592

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the timing of permanent tooth emergence and its association with physical growth among children aged 4-7 years in 9 cities of China, and to analyze the trend of permanent teeth development. Methods: According to a stratified cluster sampling design, a cross-sectional survey on the timing of permanent tooth emergence children aged 4-7 years was carried out in 9 cities (Beijing, Harbin and Xi'an in northern China; Shanghai, Nanjing and Wuhan in central China; Guangzhou, Fuzhou and Kunming in southern China) from June to October in 2015. A total of 37 973 children (19 035 boys and 18 938 girls) were recruited and were divided into different age groups (4.0-<4.5, 4.5-5.0, 5.0-5.5 and 6.0-<7.0 years of age). The situation of the exfoliation of primary teeth and the eruption of permanent teeth were investigated. Height and weight were measured using the standardized methods. Z-scores of physical growth indicators were calculated using the growth standards for Chinese children in 2009. Probit regression analysis was used to determine the median and percentile age of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth. Chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data and t test was used for comparison of measurement data between boys and girls, urban and suburban as well as among different ages and regions. Meanwhile, the data from the national survey on physical growth and development of children under 7 years of age in 9 cities of China in 1995 were used to analyze the trends of the permanent teeth development. Results: The rate of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth in 37 973 children aged 4-7 years was higher with age, which was 0.6% (42/7 568) in 4.0-<4.5 years of age group, 30.3% (2 295/7 583) in 5.5-<6.0 years of age group, and 74.5% (5 680/7 627) in 6.0-<7.0 years of age group. The rates of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth in boys were all lower than those of girls except for children aged 4.0-<4.5 years (all P<0.01). The rate of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth in urban children was higher than that in suburban children for older than 5.5-6.0 years of age group in boys and older than 4.5-5.0 years of age group in girls, which was 74.2% (1 427/1 924) in urban boys aged 6.0-<7.0 years and 69.2% (1 305/1 885) in suburban boys aged 6.0-<7.0 years (χ(2)=11.446, P<0.01). The age of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth was 6.00 (95%CI: 5.98-6.01) years and the range of the 3-97 percentile was 4.88-7.11 years of age. The median permanent tooth emergence age of girls was lower than that of boys (5.94 vs. 6.06 years) and the median age of urban children was lower than that of suburban children (5.94 vs. 6.05 years). The median permanent tooth emergence age of southern Chinese children (6.05 years) was higher than that of northern (5.97 years) and central Chinese children (5.97 years). The weight for age Z-scores (WAZ), height for age Z-scores (HAZ) and body mass index for age Z-scores (BMIZ) of children with transition from deciduous to permanent teeth (0.35±1.17, 0.32±1.00, 0.23±1.16) were significantly higher than those of children without transition from deciduous to permanent teeth (0.03±1.13, 0.03±1.02, 0.04±1.13, t=20.81,21.67,12.09, all P<0.05). In comparison with the data in 1995, data in 2015 showed that the rate of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth was higher, for example, the rate of urban boys aged 6.0-<7.0 years group was 63.8% (1 146/1 796) in 1995, and increased to 74.2% (1 427/1 924) in 2015 (χ(2)=46.748, P<0.01). The median permanent tooth emergence age decreased by 0.24 years in 2015 as compared with that in 1995. Conclusions: The development of permanent teeth is earlier in girls than in boys, earlier in urban children than in suburban children and slightly delay in southern children than in central and northern Chinese children. In addition, the development of permanent teeth, which is related to the physical growth, slightly accelerate in China during the past 20 years.


Assuntos
Estatura/fisiologia , Erupção Dentária , Dente Decíduo , Peso Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Mol Genet Metab ; 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178982

RESUMO

In recent years the oxysterol species cholestane-3ß, 5α, 6ß-triol (C-triol) has found application as a diagnostic biomarker for Niemann-Pick disease type C. Other studies have described increased C-triol in patients with Niemann-Pick disease type A/B and milder increases in lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LALD), whereas they note normal C-triol levels in Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) and familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) patients. Herein, we review data collected in our laboratory during method evaluation along with 5 years of routine analysis and present findings which differ from those reported by other groups with respect to LALD, SLOS and FH in particular, whilst providing further evidence regarding the clinical sensitivity and specificity of this biomarker, which are difficult to accurately assess. All of our Wolman disease (severe LALD) patients have demonstrated gross elevations of C-triol at diagnosis, with reduction to normal levels after induction of enzyme replacement therapy. In diagnostic specimens from SLOS patients we observed very low or undetectable C-triol levels whereas in post-therapeutic SLOS patients demonstrated normalised levels; we also describe a homozygous FH patient in which C-triol is significantly elevated. Upon investigation, we found that C-triol was formed artefactually from cholesterol during our sample preparation, i.e. this is a false positive of analytical origin; at present it is unclear whether similar effects occur during sample preparation in other laboratories. Our data demonstrates clinical sensitivity of 100% during routine application to diagnostic specimens; this is in keeping with other estimates, yet in a small proportion of patients diagnosed prior to C-triol measurement, either by Filipin staining of fibroblasts or molecular genetics, we have observed normal C-triol concentrations. Clinical specificity of C-triol alone is 93.4% and 95.3% when performed in conjunction with lysosomal enzymology. These performance statistics are very similar to those achieved with Filipin staining of cultured fibroblasts in the 5 years preceding introduction of C-triol to routine use in our laboratory. It is increasingly apparent to us that although this analyte is a very useful addition to the diagnostic tools available for NPC, with considerable advantages over more invasive and time-consuming methods, the interpretation of results is complex and should be undertaken only in light of clinical details and results of other analyses including enzymology for lysosomal acid lipase and acid sphingomyelinase.

16.
Biotech Histochem ; 95(3): 163-170, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053010

RESUMO

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that damages many organs. We investigated the effects of reperfusion using lactate Ringer's solution (LR) in a diabetic animal model. Eight-week-old rats were divided into groups: control, hemorrhagic shock induced (HS), diabetes mellitus (DM), DM plus HS (DM + HS) and DM rats that received LR after HS (DM + HS + LR). HS was induced by withdrawing blood from the femoral artery and arterial pressure was maintained at 40 mm Hg for 1 h. Animals were perfused with either withdrawn blood or LR. Rats were sacrificed and hearts were collected from all groups. Histopathological studies were performed using left ventricles and western blotting analysis was performed using protein extracted from the left ventricle. Using the TUNEL assay, we found more apoptotic cells in the DM + HS group compared to the control group, whereas in animals resuscitated with LR, the number of apoptotic cells was reduced. Western blotting showed a significant reduction in apoptotic markers, cyt c, cas 9 and cas 3, and increased survival markers, pPI3K and pAKT, in the DM + HS + LR group. Reperfusion with LR may have therapeutic effects on trauma induced HS by blocking the IGF II R facilitated apoptosis pathway in diabetic rats.

17.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(0): E006, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107909

RESUMO

Objective: To explorethe proper protective measures for pancreaticdiseases treatment during theoutbreak of 2019 coronavirus disease(COVID-19). Method: Clinical data of four cases of patients that suffered COVID-19from February 2(nd), 2020 to February 9(th), 2020 in pancreatic surgery were reviewed.After the first patientscuffednosocomial infection of COVID-19, the general protective measures in our department wereupdated.Only one patient was admitted to each room alone, with no more than one caregiver.The body temperature of care givers was measuredtwice a day.Primary protections were applied to all staff.The floor was sterilized using disinfectant with an effective chlorine concentration of 1000 mg/L.The protective measures for interventional procedures were as follow.Primary protection was applied to the operators ofcentral venipuncture catheter, percutaneous abdominal/pleural drainage, percutaneous retroperitoneal drainage, percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage and other surgical procedures with local anesthesiaand epidural anesthesia.Secondary protection was applied to the operators of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and surgical procedures with general anesthesia. Results: During Feb 2(nd), 2020 to Feb 9(th), 2020, four patients in our department were diagnosed with COVID-19, of which one was died of COVID-19, two were cured, and one is still in hospital for COVID-19.After the update ofprotective measures in our department, no more nosocomial infection of COVID-19occurred.Two central venipuncture catheter, three percutaneous abdominal/pleural drainage, one percutaneous retroperitoneal drainage, one percuteneous transhepatic cholecyst drainage and one open surgery with general anesthesia were performed with no infection of operators. Conclusions: The caregivers of patients are potential infection source of COVID-19.Enhanced protective measures including the management measures of caregivers can decrease the risk of nosocomial infection of COVID-19.

18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(3): 1338-1349, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:   Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most serious complications of diabetes mellitus (DM) and has become the major cause of end-stage renal failure. MicroRNAs (miRs) play key roles in many pathologic processes for initiating and progressing, including DN. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and renal fibrogenesis are important features of DN. However, the role of miR-30c-5p in high glucose (HG)-induced EMT and renal fibrogenesis is not clear. This study was aimed at determining the regulatory network of miR-30c-5p and JAK1 in DN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot assays were performed to detect expressions of miR-30c-5p, JAK1, vimentin, α-SMA, and E-cadherin. The possible binding sites between miR-30c-5p and JAK1 were predicted by TargetScan online database and verified by Luciferase report assay. The secretion of fibronectin (FN) and Collagen IV (Col IV) in the supernatant was detected by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) assay. RESULTS: MiR-30c-5p was downregulated and JAK1 was upregulated in renal fibrosis tissue and HG stimulated HK2 cells. Transfection of miR-30c-5p inhibited HG-induced EMT and renal fibrogenesis in HK2 cells, which was reversed by miR-30c-5p inhibitor. Moreover, JAK1 was confirmed as a direct target of miR-30c-5 and knockdown of JAK1 markedly inhibited HG-induced renal fibrogenesis and EMT in HK2 cells. Furthermore, overexpression of JAK1 attenuated the inhibitory effect of miR-30c-5p on HG-induced EMT and renal fibrogenesis in HK2 cells. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-30c-5p evidently inhibited HG-induced EMT and renal fibrogenesis by down-regulation JAK1 in DN, providing a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of DN.

19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062896

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical manifestations, electrophysiology results, treatment and prognosis of acrylamide-induced toxic peripheral neuropathy. Methods: The clinical data of 9 patients with acrylamide-induced toxic peripheral neuropathy, who were collected in Jinhua Municipal Central Hospital from January 2015 to August 2018, were retrospectively reviewed. Results: This disease was characterized by distal limb numbness, some patients with hypoalgesia or allergy, deep sense loss, reduction or disappearance of tendon reflexes, and peeling. One case had muscle weakening and another case had cerebellar ataxia. Examination of electromyography showed only one case had spontaneous potential. Examination of nerve conduction showed that the amplitude decreased by 34 (38.6%) and the velocity decreased by 2 (2.3%) , the percentage of amplitude decreased was significantly higher than that of velocity decreased. The amplitude of sensory nerve decreased by 30 (57.7%) and motor nerve decreased by 4 (11.1%) , the percentage of sensory nerve amplitude decreased was significantly higher than that of motor nerve. After the treatment of nutrition, circulation improvement, numbness relief, glucocorticoid and other drugs, the numbness of the patients was relieved, but it did not completely disappear. Poor recovery of pain, deep sensation and tendon reflex in all patients. The results of reexamination of electromyography in 3 cases were worse than before. Therefore, it is suggested that peripheral nerve damage is irreversible. Conclusion: This disease is characterized by distal limb numbness. Electrophysiological results suggest that the damage of sensory nerve axon is the main cause of the disease. Up to now, there is no effective drug to treat this disease, therefore, it is very important to do a good job of protection.


Assuntos
Acrilamida/toxicidade , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/terapia , China , Eletromiografia , Humanos , Condução Nervosa , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Oncogenesis ; 9(2): 27, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102990

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA