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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502176

RESUMO

Materials and Methods: The active compounds in DO, their targets, and targets associated with hyperlipidemia were screened across various databases, and the hidden targets of DO in treating hyperlipidemia were forecast. The compound-target (C-T), protein-protein interaction (PPI), and compound-target-pathway (C-T-P) networks of DO were set up with Cytoscape software. The hub genes and core clusters of DO predicted to be active against hyperlipidemia were calculated by Cytoscape. The DAVID database was adopted for Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. Next, we used the high-sucrose-fat diet and alcohol (HFDA)-induced hyperlipidemia rats to evaluate the hypolipidemic effect of DO. Results: In this study, we obtained 264 compounds from DO, revealed 11 bioactive compounds, and predicted 89 potential targets of DO. The network analysis uncovered that naringenin, isorhamnetin, and taxifolin might be the compounds in DO that are mainly in charge of its roles in hyperlipidemia and might play a role by modulating the targets (including PPARG, ADIPOQ, AKT1, TNF, and APOB). The pathway analysis showed that DO might affect diverse signaling pathways related to the pathogenesis of hyperlipidemia, including PPAR signaling pathway, insulin resistance, AMPK signaling pathway, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease simultaneously. Meanwhile, in the HFDA-induced hyperlipidemia rat model, DO could significantly decrease the level of TC, TG, LDL-c, and ALT in serum, and increase HDL-c as well. The liver pathological section indicated that DO could ease liver damage and lipid cumulation. Conclusion: In summary, the biological targets of the main bioactive compounds in DO were found to distribute across multiple metabolic pathways. These findings suggest that a mutual regulatory system consisting of multiple components, targets, and pathways is a likely mechanism through which DO may improve hyperlipidemia. Validation experiments indicated that DO may treat hyperlipidemia by affecting NAFLD-related signaling pathways.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536106

RESUMO

Multi-resonance TADF (MR-TADF) emitters are promising for high resolution OLEDs, but concurrent optimization of excited-state dynamics and color purity remains a tough challenge. Herein, three deep-blue MR-TADF compounds ( BN1 - BN3 ) featuring gradually enlarged ring-fused structure and increased rigidity are accessed by lithium-free borylation in high yields from the same precursor, which all possess CIE y below 0.08. Structure-property investigation demonstrates a strategic implementation of improving oscillator strength ( f osc ) and accelerating reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) process by extending the π-skeleton, where BN3 realizes a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 37.6% and reduced roll-off, representing the best efficiency reported for deep-blue TADF OLEDs. The internal regulation of efficiency and color purity of these compounds validate the general effectiveness to achieve advanced deep-blue narrowband emitters with higher-order boron/nitrogen-based MR-motifs.

3.
J Cancer ; 13(7): 2301-2311, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35517404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) mainly harbors PML-RARα fusion gene, which is sensitive to all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO) treatment. However, APL harboring other RARα fusion genes exhibit different drug sensitivity. Here, we investigated the role and mechanism of TBLR1-RARα, a rare RARα fusion gene, on ATO treatment in leukemia cells. METHODS: By constructing two cell models of leukemia cell line HL-60 and U937 with overexpressed TBLR1-RARα, we detected the cell differentiation in the two cell models after ATO treatment by flow cytometry and Wright staining. Meanwhile, cell viability, colony formation and apoptosis were also determined after ATO treatment. RESULTS: We found that TBLR1-RARα enhanced ATO-induced apoptosis and cell proliferation inhibition. Besides, TBLR1-RARα also promoted ATO-induced cell differentiation. Furthermore, we found that the mitochondrial caspase pathway was involved in the apoptosis induced by ATO treatment in TBLR1-RARα positive leukemia cells. Moreover, ATO mediated TBLR1-RARα protein degradation via proteasome pathway, which accounts for the transcriptional activation of RARα target gene and is further involved in cell differentiation of TBLR1-RARα positive leukemia cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides evidence that TBLR1-RARα positive APL patients may benefit from ATO treatment, thereby improving the appropriate management in TBLR1-RARα positive APL.

4.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 846410, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35547546

RESUMO

Background: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in children is a critical condition with a poor prognosis. After the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic developed, the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of the pediatric emergency department (PED) visits have changed. This study aimed to analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric OHCA in the PED. Methods: From January 2018 to September 2021, we retrospectively collected data of children (18 years or younger) with a definite diagnosis of OHCA admitted to the PED. Patient data studied included demographics, pre-/in-hospital information, treatment modalities; and outcomes of interest included sustained return of spontaneous circulation (SROSC) and survival to hospital-discharge (STHD). These were analyzed and compared between the periods before and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: A total of 97 patients with OHCA (68 boys and 29 girls) sent to the PED were enrolled in our study. Sixty cases (61.9%) occurred in the pre-pandemic period and 37 during the pandemic. The most common age group was infants (40.2%) (p = 0.018). Asystole was the most predominant cardiac rhythm (72.2%, P = 0.048). Eighty patients (82.5%) were transferred by the emergency medical services, 62 (63.9%) gained SROSC, and 25 (25.8%) were STHD. During the COVID-19 pandemic, children with non-trauma OHCA had significantly shorter survival duration and prolonged EMS scene intervals (both p < 0.05). Conclusion: During the COVID-19 pandemic, children with OHCA had a significantly lower rate of SROSC and STHD than that in the pre-pandemic period. The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the nature of PED visits and has affected factors related to ROSC and STHD in pediatric OHCA.

5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 832014, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571187

RESUMO

Background: Inhibition of sympathetic activity and renin-angiotensin system with renal denervation (RDN) was proved to be effective in managing refractory hypertension, and improving left ventricular (LV) performance in chronic heart failure. The inhibition of sustained sympathetic activation prevents or delays the development of cardiac fibrosis and dysfunction that occurs after myocardial infarction and ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The translational efficiency of RDN remains to be defined in preclinical animal studies. Objectives: This study investigated the therapeutic role of RDN in adverse remodeling and intramyocardial inflammation in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury. Methods: Herein, 15 minipigs were subjected to 90-min percutaneous occlusion of the left anterior descending artery followed by reperfusion. Eight animals received simultaneous RDN using catheter-based radiofrequency ablation (MI/R-RDN). Cardiac function and infarct volume were measured in vivo, followed by histological and biochemical analyses. Results: The infarct volume in I/R-RDN pigs reduced at 30 days postreperfusion, compared to I/R-Sham animals. The levels of catecholamine and cytokines in the serum, kidney cortex, the border, and infarcted regions of the heart were significantly reduced in I/R-RDN group. Moreover, the gene expression of collagen and the protein expression of adrenergic receptor beta 1 in heart were also decreased in I/R-RDN mice. Additionally, RDN therapy alleviated myocardial oxidative stress. Conclusion: RDN is an effective therapeutic strategy for counteracting postreperfusion myocardial injury and dysfunction, and the application of RDN holds promising prospects in clinical practice.

6.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(4): 2280-2290, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559414

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a common complication of diabetes. Due to its complex pathogenesis, there is no effective treatment. M6A is a newly discovered epigenetic mechanism that may be involved in the development of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, we analyzed differentially expressed genes (DEG) in the GEO database (GSE96804) and paid attention to genes with m6A methylation. 623 DEGs in glomerular tissue were identified by comparing diabetic nephropathy with normal. Correlation analysis with 21 genes involved in m6A modification showed that 492 genes were associated with m6A methylation. According to the CIBERSORT algorithm, the infiltration of M1 macrophages in DN patients was significantly higher than that in normal samples. Weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) was used to screen for the modules most correlated with the clinical features of M1 macrophages. The genes in the selected modules and 492 m6A-related DEGs were intersected by a Venn diagram, and 43 key genes were obtained. GO and KEGG analyses showed that these genes were mainly related to the positive regulation of protein aggregation and the transforming growth factor ß receptor signaling pathway. According to a literature review, among the top 10 genes, HSPA1A, HSPA1B, CHI3L1, TYRO3 and PTH1R are markers in diabetic nephropathy, and their abnormal expression is associated with renal hypertrophy, proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis. These findings may provide evidence for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic nephropathy.

7.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544322

RESUMO

Establishing saturated mutagenesis in a specific gene through gene editing is an efficient approach for identifying the relationships between mutations and the corresponding phenotypes. CRISPR/Cas9-based sgRNA library screening often creates indel mutations with multiple nucleotides. Single base editors and dual deaminase-mediated base editors can achieve only one and two types of base substitutions, respectively. A new glycosylase base editor (CGBE) system, in which the uracil glycosylase inhibitor (UGI) is replaced with uracil-DNA glycosylase (UNG), was recently reported to efficiently induce multiple base conversions, including C-to-G, C-to-T and C-to-A. In this study, we fused a CGBE with ABE to develop a new type of dual deaminase-mediated base editing system, the AGBE system, that can simultaneously introduce 4 types of base conversions (C-to-G, C-to-T, C-to-A and A-to-G) as well as indels with a single sgRNA in mammalian cells. AGBEs can be used to establish saturated mutant populations for verification of the functions and consequences of multiple gene mutation patterns, including single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) and indels, through high-throughput screening.

8.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 11(4): 686-696, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35529794

RESUMO

Background: The role of surgery in combined modality therapy for selected stage IV oligometastatic (OM) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still controversial. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) significantly improved the survival in adjuvant therapy in metastatic NSCLC but has rare evidence in inductive setting. This is the first case report about uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery after induction therapy of TKI for OM-NSCLC. Case Description: A 50-year-old Chinese woman presented to hospital with headache and blurred vision and was diagnosed with an intracranial tumor. The craniotomy confirmed the metastasis from primary lung cancer. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) showed the mass located in the left upper lobe and left hilar lymph node involvement. Next-generation sequencing found an EGFR mutation (exon 21 p.L858R missense), and osimertinib, a third-generation TKI, was used 80 mg per day as the induction therapy due to the EGFR mutation detected from the metastatic tumor. A favorable treatment response was observed of the lung tumor with lymph node regression, followed by uniportal thoracoscopic left upper lobectomy and systematic lymphadenectomy. The postoperative pathology evaluated both the lung lesion and lymph nodes and confirmed the OM status of this patient. No complications were observed and postoperative osimertinib 80 mg per day continued. Conclusions: Our case suggests that the role of surgery should be appropriately reevaluated for EGFR-mutated OM-NSCLC with the emerging development of EGFR-TKI.

9.
Lupus ; : 9612033221099766, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531921

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the association of α2,6-sialic acid (SIA) content in serum IgG anti-dsDNA with human systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) and the effect of sialylated and desialylated (deSIA) IgG anti-dsDNA on lupus B cells. METHODS: Blood from lupus patients was collected to determine the ratio of SIA in isolated IgG anti-dsDNA over serum IgG anti-dsDNA (SIA/IgG anti-dsDNA) ratios, which were plotted against SLEDAI using a receiver-operating-characteristics curve. Lupus B cells were cultured in vitro with chimeric sialylated IgG anti-dsDNA and its deSIA form. Culture supernatants were assayed for anti-inflammatory IL-10 and SIA/IgG anti-dsDNA ratios, which were compared among different pre-treatment groups using t-tests. RESULTS: The area-under-the-curve (AUC) for anti-dsDNA levels against SLEDAI was 0.791 positively (95% confidence interval [C.I.]: 0.699-0.884) and SIA/IgG anti-dsDNA ratios against SLEDAI yielded an AUC of 0.705 inversely (95% C.I: 0.601-0.809): not significantly different. SIA/IgG anti-dsDNA ratios discriminated significantly between patients without and patients with proteinuria (p = .046). SIA/IgG anti-dsDNA ratios correlated significantly and positively with serum C3c and C4 levels. Pre-treatment with IgG anti-dsDNA and its immune complexes (dsDNA/IgG anti-dsDNA IC) induced higher IL-10 from lupus B cells than medium pre-treatment (most p < .01 from day 2 to day 5 culture). DeSIA IgG anti-dsDNA IC induced lower IL-10 (p < .05) and lower SIA/IgG anti-dsDNA ratios (p < .001) from lupus B cells than medium and dsDNA pre-treatment. CONCLUSION: α2,6-SIA/IgG anti-dsDNA ratios inversely forecasted SLEDAI scores. Possible mechanisms may be due to the different effects of sialylated and deSIA IgG anti-dsDNA on lupus B cells in terms of IL-10 secretion and SIA/IgG anti-dsDNA ratios.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35449449

RESUMO

Klotho is a life extension factor that has the ability to regulate the function of GluN2B-containing N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), whose dysfunction in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) underlies critical aspects of the pathophysiology of major depression. Here, we study the functional relevance of klotho in the pathogenesis of depression. A chronic social defeat stress paradigm, in which mice are categorized as either susceptible or unsusceptible based on their performance in a social interaction test, was used in this study. We found that the expression of klotho was largely decreased in the NAc of susceptible mice compared to control or unsusceptible mice. Genetic knockdown of klotho in the NAc induced behavioral alterations relevant to depression in naive mice, while overexpression of klotho produced an antidepressive effect in normal mice and ameliorated the behavioral responses to stress in susceptible mice. Molecularly, knockdown of klotho in the NAc resulted in selective decreases in total and synaptic GluN2B expression that were identical to those in susceptible mice. Elevation of klotho in the NAc reversed the reductions in GluN2B expressions and altered synaptic transmission and spine density in the NAc of susceptible mice. Furthermore, blockade of GluN2B with a specific antagonist abolished the beneficial effects of klotho elevation in susceptible mice. Collectively, we demonstrated that klotho in the NAc modulates behavioral responses to stress by regulating the function of GluN2B-containing NMDARs. These results reveal a novel role for klotho in the pathogenesis of depression, providing new insights into the molecular basis of major depression.

11.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451884

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a benign gynecological disease sharing several features with malignant tumor. Cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein 3 (CPEB3), a potential target of miR-21-5p, is downregulated in endometriotic specimens. However, the function of CPEB3 in endometriosis is elusive. In this study, in cultured primary human endometrial stromal cells (ESCs), the overexpression and inhibition of CPEB3 were achieved by transduction of adenovirus-mediated CPEB3 overexpressed plasmid and shRNA, respectively. Functional analysis uncovered that upregulated CPEB3 reduced cell viability and arrested cell cycle entry. The expression of cyclin D1 and c-Myc was decreased after CPEB3 overexpression. Overexpression of CPEB3 facilitated ESC apoptotic potential, accompanied by increased Bax, cleaved-caspase 3 and cleaved-caspase 9, and reduced Bcl2. Moreover, elevated CPEB3 weakened migration and invasion abilities of ESCs. CPEB3 overexpression also reduced the expression of fibronectin and vimentin and the activities of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and MMP-2. Interestingly, these effects were counteracted by CPEB3 inhibition. Furthermore, CPEB3 controlled the protein level of CXCL12, a homeostatic chemokine. CXCL12 elevation partially reversed the effects of CPEB3 on inhibiting ESC proliferation, migration and invasion, and promoting apoptosis. Based on these findings, it seems possible that CPEB3, as a critical player, attenuated the progression of endometriosis through repressing CXCL12 expression.

12.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 834746, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444968

RESUMO

In the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), cardiac arrest (CA) is rare but results in high rates of morbidity and mortality. A retrospective chart review of 223 patients who suffered from in-PICU CA was analyzed from January 2017 to December 2020. Outcomes at discharge were evaluated using pediatric cerebral performance category (PCPC). Return of spontaneous circulation was attained by 167 (74.8%) patients. In total, only 58 (25%) patients survived to hospital discharge, and 49 (21.9%) of the cohort had good neurologic outcomes. Based on multivariate logistic regression analysis, vasoactive-inotropic drug usage before CA, previous PCPC scale >2, underlying hemato-oncologic disease, and total time of CPR were risk factors associated with poor outcomes. Furthermore, we determined the cutoff value of duration of CPR in predicting poor neurologic outcomes and in-hospital mortality in patients caused by in-PICU CA as 17 and 23.5 min respectively.

13.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2105974, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35445556

RESUMO

Single crystal metal-free halide perovskites have received great attention in recent years owing to their excellent piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties. However, the nanotoxicity and piezoelectricity within the nanoscale of such materials have yet been reported for the demonstration of practical applications. In this work, the observation of intrinsic piezoelectricity in metal-free perovskite (MDABCO-NH4 I3 ) films using piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) is reported. A cytotoxicity test is also performed on MDABCO-NH4 I3 to evaluate its low-toxic nature. The as-synthesized MDABCO-NH4 I3 is further integrated into a piezoelectric nanogenerator (PENG). The MDABCO-NH4 I3 -based PENG (MN-PENG) exhibits optimal output voltage and current of 15.9 V and 54.5 nA, respectively. In addition, the MN-PENG can serve as a self-powered strain sensor for human-machine interface applications or be adopted in in vitro electrical stimulation devices. This work demonstrates a path of perovskite-based PENG with high performance, low toxicity, and multifunctionality for future advanced wearable sensors and portable therapeutic systems.

15.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 875347, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35422786

RESUMO

Molecular typing is an essential tool that has been extensively applied in laboratories as well as in clinical settings. Next-generation sequencing technologies promise high-throughput and cost-effective molecular applications; however, the accessibility of these technologies is limited due to the high capital cost. Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) offers a MinION device with the advantages of real-time data analysis, rapid library preparation, and low cost per test. However, the advantages of the MinION device are often overshadowed by its lower raw accuracy. Herein, we present a concise multilocus sequence typing protocol of Staphylococcus aureus using multiplex polymerase chain reaction and Rapid Barcoding Kit for barcoding and MinION device for sequencing. Moreover, to clarify the effects of carryover DNA on tasks that require high sequence accuracy, we used the MinION flow cell in successive runs of washing and reusing. Our results revealed that the MinION flow cell could achieve accurate typing of a total of 467 samples with 3,269 kilobase-long genes within a total of 5 runs. This thus demonstrates the effectiveness of a portable nanopore MinION sequencer in providing accurate, rapid, and routine molecular typing.

17.
Food Sci Technol Int ; : 10820132221094720, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435043

RESUMO

In this study, a novel bacteriocin Lactocin C-M2 produced by Lactobacillus panis C-M2, combined with dielectric barrier discharged cold plasma (DBD-CP), was used to evaluate the antibacterial effect on aquatic foods. After the purification procedures of ethyl acetate extraction, cation exchange chromatography and semi-preparative liquid phase, the stability of Lactocin C-M2 under DBD-CP environment was determined, and the preservation effect of these two joint treatments was investigated on fresh white fish samples. As revealed by LC-MS/MS and BLAST analysis, Lactocin C-M2 is a new type of class Ⅱ bacteriocin, with a molecular weight of 863.52 Da and the N-terminal sequence MVKKTSAV. Application of Lactocin C-M2 showed significantly stronger inhibitory effect on bacteria than on yeasts and mold. All the tested 10 Gram positive bacteria and 3 Gram-negative bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella flexneri, Bacillus spp, Lactobacillus spp, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and so on, were inhibited. Lactocin C-M2 also presented stable antibacterial activity after exposure to DBD-CP, with the 95% residual activity against Staphylococcus aureus under the 40∼80 kV voltage for 30∼180 s, indicating the possibility of synergistic application. Combined with addition of 0.9 mg/g Lactocin C-M2, the treatment of DBD-CP with voltage at 60 kV for 90 s on fresh white fish (Culter alburnus) could significantly inhibit the microbial growth, the accumulation of volatile nitrogen and histamine during the storage. Therefore, the Lactocin C-M2, used together with the DBD-CP, is effective in food preservation.

18.
Environ Res ; 212(Pt C): 113350, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35487259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Short-term exposure to ambient PM2.5 and PM10 is associated with increased risk of mortality and hospital admissions for stroke. However, there is less evidence regarding the effect of exposure to PM1 on stroke incidence. We estimated the incidence risk of stroke and the attributable fractions related to short-term exposure to ambient PM1, PM2.5 and PM10 in China. METHODS: County-specific incidence of stroke was obtained from health statistics in years 2014-2019. We linked county-level mean daily concentrations of PM1, PM2.5 and PM10 with stroke incidence. We used the time stratified case-crossover design to estimate the associations between stroke incidence and exposure to PM1, PM2.5 and PM10. We also estimated the disease burden fractions attributable to PM1, PM2.5, and PM10. RESULTS: The study included a total of 2,193,954 stroke, from which 1,861,331 were ischemic and 332,623 were hemorrhagic stroke. PM1, PM2.5, and PM10 levels were associated with increased risks of total stroke and ischemic stroke at when assessing the associations in exposure at lag0-4 days. The increase of 10 µg/m3 in PM1, PM2.5, and PM10 was associated with total stroke, and the relative risks were 1.012 (95% confidence interval: 1.008, 1.015), 1.006 (1.004, 1.007) and 1.003 (1.002, 1.004), while the associations with ischemic stroke were 1.013 (1.010, 1.017), 1.006 (1.005, 1.008) and 1.003 (1.002, 1.004), respectively. There was no significant association between PM and risk of hemorrhagic stroke. The attributable fractions of total stroke were 6.9% (5.1%, 8.5%), 5.6% (4.2%, 6.8%) and 5.6% (3.9%, 7.1%) for PM1, PM2.5, and PM10, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: PM1 showed a stronger association with stroke, with a larger attributable fraction of outcomes, than PM2.5 and PM10. Clean air policies should target the whole scope of PM, including PM1.

19.
J Clin Neurosci ; 100: 192-195, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489254

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between serum 25(OH)D and cognitive impairment in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), hoping to provide possible ideas for the diagnosis and prevention of PD with cognitive impairment. Vitamin D is a neurosteroid with neurotrophic and neuroprotective functions, playing an important role in PD and its progression. In the present study, serum 25(OH)D levels were significantly decreased in PD patients (45.86 ± 14.81 nmol/L)compared to healthy controls(56.54 ± 14.00 nmol/L) (P < 0.001), and significant differences were also observed in PD patients with normal cognition (PD-NC), PD patients with mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI)and PD patients with dementia (PDD)(P < 0.05). Moreover, there was a positive correlation between serum 25(OH)D levels and Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA) scores (r = 0.489,P < 0.001).The increased serum 25(OH)D was an independent protective factor of cognitive impairment in PD (OR = 0. 949, P = 0.005), and the sensitivity, specificity, and AUC under the ROC curve area of serum 25(OH)D were 53.3%, 86.5%, and 0.713, respectively. These findings support the relationship between cognitive impairment and Vitamin D in PD patients. Serum 25(OH)D may be a useful biomarker for diagnosing cognitive impairment in patients with PD.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Doença de Parkinson , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados
20.
Infect Genet Evol ; 101: 105284, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439638

RESUMO

There has been an increase in the reported number of animals worldwide that carry the hepatitis E virus (HEV). This study aimed to explore potential animal hosts for HEV through codon usage analysis. Full-length HEV sequences of six genotypes as well as codon usage of potential animal hosts were collected. Moreover, nucleotide composition and codon usage bias were compared across HEV genotypes and animal hosts. Based on the analysis for human HEV-1 and humans, the results were basically consistent with epidemiology evidence. Among 17 potential animal hosts, all HEV genotypes exhibited a preference for guanine/cytosine in the third position of synonymous codons. Furthermore, non-human primates and humans have large high-frequency codons identical to HEV in addition to a high correlation of codon fraction with HEV. Some animals in close contact with humans showed high preference for HEV, including cattle, dogs, and rats with HEV-A, cats, dogs, and swine with HEV-C1. Codon usage bias has limited efficiency in determining the hosts for HEV, but it may provide indicative clues for potential animal hosts when combined with experimental and epidemiological evidence.

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