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1.
Langmuir ; 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32397717

RESUMO

Herein, we propose a new method for promoting the degradation of a perylene diimide (PDI) dye, through Fenton reaction with cucurbit[8]uril (CB[8]) as a supramolecular catalyst. The CB[8] can encapsulate the hydrophobic moiety of the PDI dye and inhibit its aggregation in aqueous solutions, thus increasing the collision frequency between PDI and oxidants to accelerate the reaction. As a result, the encapsulated PDI molecule is preferentially degraded, followed by freeing the cavity of CB[8] and enabling it to encapsulate another PDI molecule to realize a catalytic cycle. Hence, a catalytic amount of CB[8] is sufficient to accelerate the Fenton degradation. It is anticipated that this work will extend the realm of supramolecular catalysis systems and enrich the field of degradation of polycyclic aromatic dyes.

2.
Opt Express ; 28(8): 10794-10805, 2020 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32403603

RESUMO

The compound eye of insects has many excellent characteristics. Directional navigation is one of the important features of compound eye, which is able to quickly and accurately determine the orientation of an objects. Therefore, bionic curved compound eye have great potential in detecting the orientation of the target. However, there is a serious non-linear relationship between the orientation of the target and the image obtained by the curved compound eye in wide field of view (FOV), and an effective model has not been established to detect the orientation of target. In this paper, a method for detecting the orientation of the target is proposed, which combines a virtual cylinder target with a neural network. To verify the feasibility of the method, a fiber-optic compound eye that is inspired by the structure of the bee's compound eye and that fully utilizes the transmission characteristics and flexibility of optical fibers is developed. A verification experiment shows that the proposed method is able to realize quantitative detection of orientations using a prototype of the fiber-optic compound eye. The average errors between the ground truth and the predicted values of the horizontal and elevation angles of a target are 0.5951 ° and 0.6748°, respectively. This approach has great potential for target tracking, obstacle avoidance by unmanned aerial vehicles, and directional navigation control.

3.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356159

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of microwave ablation (MWA) of benign breast lesions (BBLs) and compare the learning curves of international radiologists (IRs) and surgeons. METHODS: In total, 440 patients with 755 clinicopathologically confirmed BBLs from 5 centers were prospectively enrolled from February 2014 to July 2018. Technical success, complications, volume reduction ratio (VRR), palpability, and cosmetic satisfaction after ablation were analyzed. In addition, the ablation time (AT) and energy (AE) with the number of procedures were analyzed for learning curve evaluation. RESULTS: The mean maximum diameter was 1.7 ± 0.6 cm. The complete ablation rate reached 100%, including 45.8% lesions adjacent to the skin, pectoralis, or areola. After a median follow-up of 13.7 months, the 12-month VRR of all lesions was 97.9%, and that for 1.0- to 2.0-cm and ≥ 2.0-cm lesions was 98.6% and 96.9%, respectively. A total of 55.9% of BBLs became nonpalpable (palpable in 85.7% of cases before MWA) by both the clinician and patient. The cosmetic and minimally invasive satisfaction rates were good or excellent in 98.4% and 94.5% of patients, respectively. The median AT/cm3 and AE/cm3 decreased as experience increased. The AE/cm3 of the IR with 5 years of experience was lower than that of the IR with 1 year of experience and the surgeons, while the AT/cm3 of surgeons was comparable with that of the IR with 5 years of experience at relatively mature phase. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous MWA is a valuable technique for the treatment of BBLs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02860104) KEY POINTS: • Ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation has the potential to become a valuable technique for the treatment of benign breast lesions. • A skilled interventional radiologist shows a rapid improvement in mastering the technique.

4.
Eur J Radiol ; 126: 108965, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268245

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the application value of conventional ultrasound and real-time shear wave elastography (SWE) to the tibial nerve (TN) and the common peroneal nerve (CPN) in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three healthy volunteers, 33 diabetic patients without DPN, and 30 diabetic patients with DPN were enrolled in this study. The anteroposterior diameter (APD), the cross-sectional area (CSA), and the perimeter of the TN and the CPN were measured by conventional ultrasound, and the stiffness of the nerves was measured by SWE. RESULTS: The conventional ultrasound parameters and stiffness of the TN in patients with DPN were significantly larger than those of the other two groups (P < 0.01). The conventional ultrasound parameters of the CPN were significantly higher in patients with DPN than in the other two groups (P < 0.01).The patients with DPN demonstrated a greater stiffness of the CPN compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The comparison of all parameters for the left and right TNs and CPNs among the three groups showed no significant difference. The area under the curve (AUC) of TN stiffness for the diagnosis of DPN was significantly greater than that of conventional ultrasound parameters. CONCLUSION: The conventional ultrasound parameters and the stiffness of the TN and the CPN were significantly higher in patients with DPN. The stiffness of the TN could better diagnose DPN than conventional ultrasound parameters. In short, conventional ultrasound and SWE of nerves are of good application value in the diagnosis of DPN.

5.
Zool Res ; 41(3): 281-291, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274905

RESUMO

Recent advances in avian transgenic studies highlight the possibility of utilizing lentiviral vectors as tools to generate transgenic chickens. However, low rates of gonadal chimerism and germ line transmission efficiency still limit the broad usage of this method in creating transgenic chickens. In this study, we implemented a simple strategy using modified lentiviral vectors targeted to chicken primordial germ cells (PGCs) to generate transgenic chickens. The lentiviral vectors were pseudotyped with a modified Sindbis virus envelope protein (termed M168) and conjugated with an antibody specific to PGC membrane proteins. We demonstrated that these optimized M168-pseudotyped lentiviral vectors conjugated with SSEA4 antibodies successfully targeted transduction of PGCs in vitro and in vivo. Compared with the control, 50.0%-66.7% of chicken embryos expressed green fluorescent protein (GFP) in gonads transduced by the M168-pseudotyped lentivirus. This improved the targeted transduction efficiency by 30.0%-46.7%. Efficient chimerism of exogenous genes was also observed. This targeting technology could improve the efficiency of germ line transmission and provide greater opportunities for transgenic poultry studies.

6.
J Occup Environ Med ; 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32324699

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the mechanisms of benzene hematotoxicity. METHODS: We used microarray to detect expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in peripheral lymphocytes from chronic benzene poisoning, acute myelocytic leukemia and healthy controls. The lncRNAs and mRNAs were validated using RT-qPCR. Cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay was used to analyze chromosomal aberration. RESULTS: We found 173 upregulated and 258 downregulated lncRNAs, and 695 upregulated and 804 downregulated mRNAs. The lncRNA CUST_40243 and mRNA PDGFC and CDKN1A associated with chronic benzene poisoning. Relevant inflammatory response, hematopoietic cell lineage and cell cycle may be important pathways for the sifted lncRNAs and mRNAs. Furthermore, micronuclei frequency was significantly higher in off-post chronic benzene poisoning patients. CONCLUSIONS: Chromosomal aberration induced by benzene exposure is irreversible. The lncRNA CUST_40243 and mRNA PDGFC and CDKN1A are related to chronic benzene poisoning.

7.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 526(2): 491-496, 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32238266

RESUMO

Potentiation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-mediated excitatory synaptic plasticity around 1 h after brief exposure to anoxia/aglycemia is called ischemic long-term potentiation (iLTP), which is considered a pathological form of synaptic response during the early phase of ischemic stroke. It is known that GABAergic inhibitory transmission is also an important molecular process involved in synaptic plasticity and learning memory. However, whether GABAergic transmission is involved in iLTP and early-phase plasticity in ischemic stroke remains unknown. In this study, iLTP was found to be induced in the hippocampal Schaffer-collateral pathway by exposure to oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD). Western blot analysis was conducted to analyze excitatory synaptic receptors and inhibitory synaptic receptors following OGD. The ß3 subunit of the GABAA receptor (GABAAR) was markedly reduced, whereas the GluN2B subunit of the NMDAR was increased in the hippocampal area in the OGD group. Using extracellular recording, we demonstrated that application of GABAAR agonist midazolam could abolish the hippocampal iLTP. Moreover, midazolam had no significant effect on the increase in NMDAR subunit GluN2B, but ameliorated the reduction in the ß3 subunit of GABAAR after OGD. In summary, our results indicated that hippocampal GABAAR reduction promoted synaptic potentiation after OGD. Activation of GABAergic inhibitory transmission function could inhibit iLTP; thus, modulation of GABAergic function is a protective treatment method in the acute phase of synaptic plasticity in ischemic stroke.

8.
Waste Manag ; 108: 70-77, 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335489

RESUMO

Levoglucosan is served as a significant versatile product to generate high value-added chemicals and pharmaceutical additives. Levoglucosan was predominately produced from pyrolysate of cellulose. However, the direct fast pyrolysis of waste biomass produces a small quantity of levoglucosan in comparison with the theoretical value of cellulose. This study explored Fenton pretreatment as a possible route to enhance levoglucosan yield during the fast pyrolysis of the waste corncob. The experimental results showed that different Fenton pretreated conditions and pyrolytic temperatures played vital roles in the formation of levoglucosan. The levoglucosan yield from fast pyrolysis at 500 °C of corncob pretreated by Fenton reaction of 14 mL/g H2O2 and 16 mM FeSO4 was about 95% higher than that of the untreated corncob. Additionally, Fenton pretreated corncob was capable of obtaining the levoglucosan at a low pyrolytic temperature (300 °C). It was mainly attributed to the effective disrupting of biomass structures and the selective degradation of lignin and hemicellulose during pretreatment. Furthermore, the powerful removal of alkali and alkaline earth metals during Fenton pretreatment was beneficial to increasing the levoglucosan yield. These findings demonstrate that Fenton pretreatment can provide a novel effective method to enhance levoglucosan yield during biomass fast pyrolysis.

9.
Pediatrics ; 145(5)2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the association of breastfeeding status with offspring mortality in Africa, but most studies were from one center only or had limited statistical power to draw robust conclusions. METHODS: Data came from 75 nationally representative cross-sectional Demographic and Health Surveys in 35 countries in sub-Saharan Africa conducted between 2000 and 2016. Our study relied on 217 112 individuals aged 4 days to 23 months for breastfeeding pattern analysis, 161 322 individuals aged 6 to 23 months for breastfeeding history analysis, and 104 427 individuals aged 12 to 23 months for breastfeeding duration analysis. RESULTS: Compared with children aged 4 days to 23 months exclusively breastfed in the first 3 days of life, those not breastfed had a high risk of mortality at <2 years of age (odds ratio [OR] = 13.45; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 11.43-15.83). Young children who were predominantly breastfed or partially breastfed had moderately increased risk of mortality at <2 years of age (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.03-1.21 for predominant pattern; OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 0.99-1.27 for partial pattern). Compared with children aged 6 to 23 months who were breastfed within the first 6 months of life, those not breastfed had a high risk of mortality (OR = 5.65; 95% CI = 4.27-7.47). Compared with children aged 12 to 23 months who were breastfed for ≥6 months, those who were breastfed for shorter periods had a higher risk of mortality (OR = 2.78, 95% CI = 1.45-5.32 for duration of <3 months; OR = 5.28, 95% CI = 3.24-8.61 for those who were not breastfed). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life and continued breastfeeding up to 2 years of age recommended by the World Health Organization for reducing mortality of children <2 years old in sub-Saharan Africa.

10.
Oral Oncol ; 106: 104689, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32330686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN) is the fifth most prevalent cancer worldwide. Because the anatomical complexity of this region, complete surgical resection is often not achievable and conventional chemotherapy would aid locoregional control and mitigate distant metastasis. Nonetheless, the nonspecific cytotoxicity and short in vivo half-life of conventional chemotherapeutic drugs limit their effects. Given the high frequency of overexpression of wild type epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), we exploit EGFR as a homing beacon for drug delivery system with cytotoxic payloads. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We generated fully human anti-EGFR single chain variable fragment (scFv)-conjugated immunoliposomes (IL) containing doxorubicin and vinorelbine and tested their anti-neoplastic efficacy in vitro and in vivo. RESULT: Our IL enhanced endocytosis and significantly reduced the half maximal inhibitory concentrations of the therapeutic payloads when compared to non-targeting liposomal counterparts in various cell lines of SCCHN. Furthermore, median survival time was significantly prolonged in subcutaneous and orthotopic SCCHN xenograft murine models treated with our IL formulations than those treated with non-targeting counterparts (94 days versus 60 days and 72 days versus 56 days, respectively) without evident increased systemic toxicity. CONCLUSION: The therapeutic index of the chemotherapeutic payloads was augmented by our EFGR-targeting IL formulation and they are warranted for further development and preclinical trial.

11.
Adv Mater ; : e2000513, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176423

RESUMO

Manipulation of magnetization by electric-current-induced spin-orbit torque (SOT) is of great importance for spintronic applications because of its merits in energy-efficient and high-speed operation. An ideal material for SOT applications should possess high charge-spin conversion efficiency and high electrical conductivity. Recently, transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) emerge as intriguing platforms for SOT study because of their controllability in spin-orbit coupling, conductivity, and energy band topology. Although TMDs show great potentials in SOT applications, the present study is restricted to the mechanically exfoliated samples with small sizes and relatively low conductivities. Here, a manufacturable recipe is developed to fabricate large-area thin films of PtTe2 , a type-II Dirac semimetal, to study their capability of generating SOT. Large SOT efficiency together with high conductivity results in a giant spin Hall conductivity of PtTe2 thin films, which is the largest value among the presently reported TMDs. It is further demonstrated that the SOT from PtTe2 layer can switch a perpendicularly magnetized CoTb layer efficiently. This work paves the way for employing PtTe2 -like TMDs for wafer-scale spintronic device applications.

12.
J Intensive Care Med ; : 885066620914850, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vasoplegia is vascular hyporesponsiveness to vasopressors and is an important phenomenon in children with refractory septic shock. This study aimed to develop an objective formula correlated with vasoplegia and evaluate the predictive power for mortality in children with refractory septic shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed children with refractory septic shock admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and monitored their hemodynamics via a pulse index continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) system. Serial hemodynamic data including cardiac index (CI), systemic vascular resistant index (SVRI) and vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS) were recorded during the first 72 hours after PICU admission. We defined vascular reactivity index (VRI) as SVRI/VIS and analyzed the effect of VRI in predicting mortality in children with refractory septic shock. RESULTS: Thirty-three children with refractory septic shock were enrolled. The SVRI was lower in the mortality group compared to the survival group (P < .05). The average area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of VRI within the first 72 hours was 0.8 and the serial values of VRI were significantly lower in the mortality group during the period from 0 to 48 hours (P < .05). However, there were no significant differences in serial CI values between the survival and mortality groups. CONCLUSIONS: Vasoactive-inotropic score may potentially be used to quantify the severity of vasoplegia based on the clinical response of vessels after resuscitation with vasopressors. Lower VRI levels may indicate a higher risk of mortality in children with septic shock.

13.
Anal Chem ; 92(6): 4445-4450, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142270

RESUMO

To monitor d-glucose (Glu) in complex aqueous media with a high specificity, a conceptually new "selective capture and controllable detection" nanoreactor was explored. We designed and synthesized poly maleic anhydride-styrene-N-isopropylacrylamide-(4-aminophenyl) boronic acid [P(MAn-St-NIPAm-PBA)] to fabricate the nanoreactor. On the surface of the self-assembled, micelle-based nanoreactor, the stereo precise placement PBA provided a recognition unit in the block copolymer structure to boost the selective capture of Glu over other saccharides. P(MAn-St-NIPAm) served as the thermal sensitive moiety of the nanoreactor, which embedded with glucose oxidase and myoglobin-based catalyst in order to realize the controllable enzymolysis of Glu through temperature alteration. Once the nanoreactor was mixed with Glu, an obvious change in the UV-visible intensity of quinine produced in the multienzymolysis was observed. Glu in the rat microdialysates of brain ischemia was successfully monitored by the nanoreactor method, demonstrating the feasibility of constructing high-specificity nanoreactors for cerebral system applications.

14.
FEBS J ; 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112499

RESUMO

Central presbycusis is caused by degradation of the auditory centre during ageing. Its main characteristics are difficulties in understanding language and localizing sound. Presbycusis is an increasingly critical public health problem, but the underlying molecular mechanism has not been fully elucidated. Ferroptosis is a form of regulated cell death caused by iron- and reactive oxygen species-induced lipid peroxidation. Ferroptosis is related to many pathological processes, but whether it participates in the degeneration of the auditory system remains unclear. To investigate this, we measured iron levels in a simulated ageing model established by the addition of d-galactose (d-gal). We found, for the first time, that iron accumulated within cells and that the ultrastructural features of ferroptosis appeared in the auditory cortex with ageing. These changes were accompanied by upregulation of iron regulatory protein 2 (IRP-2), which led to an increase in transferrin receptor 1 (TfR-1), thus increasing iron entry into cells and potentially leading to ferroptosis. In addition, the malondialdehyde (MDA) content and the occurrence of mitochondrial DNA common deletions (CDs) increased, neuron degeneration appeared, and glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity decreased. Furthermore, we found that treatment with the iron chelator deferoxamine (DFO) and knockdown of IRP-2 both relieved ferroptosis during the simulated ageing process, thus achieving a partial protective effect to delay ageing. In summary, we describe here the first discovery that age-related iron deposition and ferroptosis may be associated with auditory cortex neurodegeneration. Relieving ferroptosis might thus be a new intervention strategy for age-related hearing loss.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134622

RESUMO

Field-effect transistors derived from traditional 3D semiconductors are rapidly approaching their fundamental limits. Layered semiconducting materials have emerged as promising candidates to replace restrictive 3D semiconductor materials. However, contacts between metals and layered materials deviate from Schottky-Mott behavior when determined by transport methods, while X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements suggest that the contacts should be at the Schottky limit. Here, we present a systematic investigation on the influence of metal selection when electrically contacting SnS2, a layered metal dichalcogenide semiconductor with the potential to replace silicon. It is found that the electrically measured barrier height depends also weakly on the work function of the metal contacts with slopes of 0.09 and -0.34 for n-type and p-type Schottky contacts, respectively. Based on the Kirchhoff voltage law and considering a current path induced by metallic defects, we found that the Schottky barrier still follows the Schottky-Mott limits and the electrically measured barrier height mainly originates from the van der Waals gap between the metal and SnS2, and the slope depends on the magnitude of the van der Waals capacitance.

16.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The perioperative outcomes of the use of stapling devices versus electrocautery to dissect intersegmental planes in patients undergoing segmentectomy for small pulmonary lesions is still unclear. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the perioperative outcomes of these two methods. METHODS: A single-center, prospective, participant-blinded, randomized controlled trial (NCT03192904) was conducted with a preplanned sample size of 136. The primary outcome was the incidence of postoperative complications. Secondary outcomes included duration of operation, blood loss during operation, first-day drainage volume, duration of drainage, postoperative hospital stay, loss of lung function, and medical costs. RESULTS: The trial was stopped early as a result of a marked difference in the primary outcome between groups at a scheduled interim check of the data after recruiting 70 patients. The incidence of postoperative complications (eg, air leakage) was higher in the electrocautery group than in the stapler device group (11/32, 34.4% vs 2/33, 6.1%, P = .004). There were no differences in duration of operation, blood loss during operation, first-day drainage volume, duration of drainage, postoperative hospital stays, loss of lung function, or total medical cost, although the per-patient cost of medical materials was higher in the stapler device group (US$4214.6 ± 1185.4 vs $3260.1 ± 852.6, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients undergoing segmentectomy, the use of stapler devices to divide intersegmental planes decreased postoperative complications without further compromising lung function or increasing economic burden.

18.
Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr ; 1862(6): 183240, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32119862

RESUMO

The IP3 receptor binding protein released with inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IRBIT) plays important roles in the regulation of intracellular Ca2+ signaling and intracellular pH. The mammals express two IRBIT paralogs, i.e., IRBIT1 (encoded by AHCYL1) and IRBIT2 (encoded by AHCYL2). The clawed frog Xenopus laevis oocyte is widely used for biophysical studies on ion channels and transporters. It remains unknown whether endogenous IRBIT is expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Here, we cloned from frog oocyte irbit2.L and irbit2.S, orthologs of mammalian IRBIT2. When over-expressed, the frog IRBITs powerfully stimulate the electrogenic Na+/HCO3- cotransporter NBCe1-B as mouse IRBIT2-V2 does. Expression of an isolated Nt fragment of NBCe1-B containing the IRBIT-binding domain greatly decreases NBCe1-B activity in oocytes, suggesting that the basal activity of NBCe1-B contains a large component derived from the stimulation by endogenous frog IRBIT. The frog IRBITs are highly homologous to the mammalian ones in the carboxyl-terminal region, but varies greatly in the amino-terminal (Nt) appendage. Interestingly, truncation study showed that the Nt appendage of IRBIT1 and the long Nt appendage of IRBIT2-V2 modestly enhance, whereas the short Nt appendage of IRBIT2-V4 greatly inhibits the functional interaction between IRBIT and NBCe1-B. Finally, Ala-substitution of Ser68, a key phosphorylation site in the PEST domain of IRBIT, causes distinct functional consequences depending on the structural context of the Nt appendage in different IRBIT isoforms. We conclude that the Nt appendage of IRBITs is not necessary for, but plays an important regulatory role in the functional interaction between IRBIT and NBCe1-B.

19.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(6): 807-814, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218702

RESUMO

Family with sequence similarity 83A (FAM83A) is a newly-found over-expressed oncogene in several types of cancers and associates with poor prognosis. However, the role that FAM83A may play in the carcinogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) still needs to be defined. The present study aimed to investigate the function of FAM83A in NSCLC progression and to investigate the possible mechanism. Analysis of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and rt-PCR showed up-regulated expression of FAM83A in NSCLC. GEO and the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data analysis revealed that high expression level of FAM83A in NSCLC was associated with poor prognosis. In vitro experiments showed that depleting FAM83A by siRNA/shRNA significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis. Cell motility was also retarded after silencing FAM83A, as demonstrated by Transwell assay. FAM83A depletion in A549 cells also inhibited subcutaneous tumor growth and lung metastasis in vivo. Western blotting showed that silencing FAM83A decreased the phosphorylation of ERK and PI3K/Akt/mTOR. On the other hand, overexpressing FAM83A in vitro enhanced cell proliferation and invasiveness, which was repressed by PI3K inhibitor and ERK inhibitor separately. Taken together, our study suggests that FAM83A promotes tumorigenesis of NSCLC at least partly via ERK and PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathways, making it a promising therapeutic target.

20.
ISA Trans ; 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169290

RESUMO

This paper proposes a novel distributed multi-agent dynamic task allocation method based on the potential game. Consider that the workload of each task may vary in a dynamic environment, and the communication range of each agent constrains the selectable action set. Each agent makes the decision independently based on the local information. Firstly, a potential game-theoretic framework is designed. Any Nash equilibrium is guaranteed at least 50% of suboptimality, and the best Nash equilibrium is the optimal solution. Furthermore, a time variant constrained binary log-linear learning algorithm is provided and the global convergence is proved under certain conditions. Finally, numerical results show that the proposed algorithm performs well in terms of global searching ability, and verify the effectiveness of the distributed dynamic task allocation approach.

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