Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 49
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 8361-8378, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749615

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the anti-colitis potential of platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs). Materials and methods: 5-, 30- and 70-nm PtNPs were administered to C57BL/6 mice once daily by intragastric gavage for 8 d during and after 5-d dextran sodium sulfate treatment. Results: According to body weight change, stool blood and consistency, and colon length and histopathology, PtNPs size-dependently alleviated DSS-induced murine colitis. PtNPs enhanced gut-barrier function by upregulating the colonic expressions of heat-shock protein 25 and tight junction proteins. Based on colonic myeloperoxidase activity, colonic and peripheral levels of interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α, and peripheral counts of white blood cells, PtNPs attenuated colonic and systemic inflammation. By suppressing lipopolysaccharide-triggered production of proinflammatory mediators, including nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6, PtNPs exerted direct anti-inflammatory activities in RAW264.7 macrophages through a mechanism involving intracellular reactive oxygen species scavenging and Toll-like receptor 4/NF-κB signaling suppression. High-throughput 16S rRNA sequencing of fecal samples unveiled that PtNPs induced gut dysbiosis by unfavorably altering α-diversity, Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio, and richness of certain specific bacteria. Conclusion: PtNPs are a promising anti-colitis agent, but may negatively impact gut-microbiota.

2.
Development ; 146(20)2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575648

RESUMO

The control of all our motor outputs requires constant monitoring by proprioceptive sensory neurons (PSNs) that convey continuous muscle sensory inputs to the spinal motor network. Yet the molecular programs that control the establishment of this sensorimotor circuit remain largely unknown. The transcription factor RUNX3 is essential for the early steps of PSNs differentiation, making it difficult to study its role during later aspects of PSNs specification. Here, we conditionally inactivate Runx3 in PSNs after peripheral innervation and identify that RUNX3 is necessary for maintenance of cell identity of only a subgroup of PSNs, without discernable cell death. RUNX3 also controls the sensorimotor connection between PSNs and motor neurons at limb level, with muscle-by-muscle variable sensitivities to the loss of Runx3 that correlate with levels of RUNX3 in PSNs. Finally, we find that muscles and neurotrophin 3 signaling are necessary for maintenance of RUNX3 expression in PSNs. Hence, a transcriptional regulator that is crucial for specifying a generic PSN type identity after neurogenesis is later regulated by target muscle-derived signals to contribute to the specialized aspects of the sensorimotor connection selectivity.

3.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4137, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515492

RESUMO

Developmental cell death plays an important role in the construction of functional neural circuits. In vertebrates, the canonical view proposes a selection of the surviving neurons through stochastic competition for target-derived neurotrophic signals, implying an equal potential for neurons to compete. Here we show an alternative cell fitness selection of neurons that is defined by a specific neuronal heterogeneity code. Proprioceptive sensory neurons that will undergo cell death and those that will survive exhibit different molecular signatures that are regulated by retinoic acid and transcription factors, and are independent of the target and neurotrophins. These molecular features are genetically encoded, representing two distinct subgroups of neurons with contrasted functional maturation states and survival outcome. Thus, in this model, a heterogeneous code of intrinsic cell fitness in neighboring neurons provides differential competitive advantage resulting in the selection of cells with higher capacity to survive and functionally integrate into neural networks.

4.
Food Funct ; 10(10): 6666-6674, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556905

RESUMO

Animal protein intake appears to exert beneficial effects on bone health. Here, animal protein hydrolysates (APHs) originated from casein, whey protein isolate, egg white, myofibrillar protein, sarcoplasmic protein and gelatin were shown to prevent calcium phosphate (CaP) precipitation by increasing the surface charge and slowing the crystal growth of CaP particles. Dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis revealed the APH-mediated formation of irregularly shaped secondary nanoparticles aggregated from rather small amorphous CaP nanoclusters. APHs effectively counteracted the detrimental effect of the low calcium-to-phosphorus ratio on calcium transportation across ligated murine ileum, and by treating with NaN3, amiloride and low temperature, macropinocytosis was found to involve the intestinal uptake of CaP nanoparticles. APHs of meat origin had weaker potential to increase CaP solubility and ileal calcium transportation than those of dairy and egg origins. Overall, our study reports a novel mechanism for animal protein intake to promote intestinal calcium absorption.

5.
J Food Biochem ; 43(2): e12730, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353647

RESUMO

Methodology to enhance the intestinal absorption of peptides is an important challenge due to their easily degradation and poor permeability across the intestinal epithelium. In this study, the fish-derived peptide (DGDDGEAGKIG)-loaded chitosan (CS) nanoparticles (CS/PEP-NPs) were prepared and investigated in Caco-2 monolayer model. The results indicated zeta potential of CS/PEP-NPs increased with the increase in molecular weight of CS (10-50 kDa). Transmission electron microscopy images revealed the CS/PEP-NPs were uniform spherical-shaped nanoparticles with a diameter of 50-200 nm (150 kDa). Compared to other CS/PEP-NPs, 150-kDa CS/PEP-NPs performed an outstanding apparent permeability coefficient (Papp, 2.29 × 10-5  cm s-1 ) and cumulative amount of peptide (120 min, 2,987 ng) in Caco-2 cells. CS/PEP-NPs could reduce the tight junction integrity of Caco-2 cells and enhance the intracellular fluorescence intensities of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled peptide. These findings suggest that chitosan nanoparticles are promising carriers to promote intestinal absorption of fish-derived peptide via paracellular pathway mediated by tight junctions. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Chitosans are promising carriers to promote intestinal absorption of fish-derived peptide. The 150-kDa CS/PEP-NPs performed an outstanding apparent permeability coefficient (Papp, 2.29 × 10-5  cm s-1 ) and cumulative amount of peptide (120 min, 2,987 ng) in Caco-2 cells. CS/PEP-NPs could reduce the tight junction integrity of Caco-2 cells and enhance the peptide uptake by paracellular pathway. Chitosan nanoparticles can be developed as vehicles for enhancing the cellular uptake of peptide in food industry.

6.
Food Funct ; 10(6): 3439-3451, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31139782

RESUMO

This study first investigates how the intake level of glycated fish protein (GP), enriched with Amadori products, affects gut health by modifying the fermentation of gut microbiota and accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in rats fed a high-fat diet. Hyperlipidemic rats were fed a fish protein (FP) control diet, 6% low-level GP (L-GP) diet, and 12% high-level GP (H-GP) diet for four weeks. Compared to the FP diet, the GP diet greatly changed the pattern of protein fermentation and reduced inflammation markers and blood lipids, but increased the AGE plasma accumulation and fecal excretion. Furthermore, the GP supplementation significantly decreased Ruminiclostridium_6 and Desulfovibrio (p < 0.05), and the L-GP diet showed more effects on the increase of butyrate-producing Ruminococcus_1 and Roseburia, while the H-GP diet considerably decreased Helicobacter and Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group. Correlation-type principal-component analysis (PCA) clearly indicated that these biological effects of intake of GP were related to the modulation of gut microbiota composition and fermentation metabolite profiles. Overall, the low intake level of glycated fish protein may have a more beneficial effect on gut health.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017521

RESUMO

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been previously shown to induce gut dysbiosis during colitis in mice, but the underlying mechanism is not clear yet. Here, we evaluated the effects of AuNPs (5 nm diameter, coated with tannic acid, polyvinylpyrrolidone or citrate) on H2O2 accumulation and pathogen antagonization by an intestinal strain of Lactobacillus gasseri under aerobic cultural conditions. AuNPs (0.65 µg/mL) reduced over 50% of H2O2 accumulation by L. gasseri, and significantly inhibited the antagonistic action of L. gasseri on growth of four foodborne enteric pathogens, i.e. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus in associative cultures.

8.
Vet Med Sci ; 5(3): 451-461, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973212

RESUMO

The ban on the use of antibiotic in feed encouraged nutritionists to using alternatives to maintain growth performance and intestinal function of broilers. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of Yupingfeng polysaccharides (YP) supplementation on growth performance and expression of SGLT1, GLUT2 and GLUT5 in Qingyuan partridge chicken. Experiment 1: a total of 540 chickens were randomly allocated to five groups with six replication. Dietary treatments were: (1) CON (control group), basal diet; (2) T1, CON + 0.5 g kg-1 YP; (3) T2, CON + 1 g kg-1 YP; (4) T3, CON + 2 g kg-1 YP; (5) T4, CON + 4 g kg-1 YP. Experiment 2, a total of 162 were randomly allocated to three groups with three replication. Dietary treatments were: (1) CON, basal diet; (2) T1, CON + 0.5 g kg-1 YP; (3) T2, CON + 1 g kg-1 YP. From days 1 to 14 and overall, chicken fed T1 diet had higher ADG. On day 42, there was increased villus height of jejunum in T1 group. On days 14 and 28, there was decreased villus height of duodenum and jejunum in T2 group. In duodenum, the expression of SGLT1 (days 21, 35 and 42), GLUT2 (days 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42) and GLUT5 (days 7, 14, 21 and 28) was increased with YP supplementation. In jejunum, the expression of SGLT1 (days 7, 14, 21, 28 and 35), GLUT2 (days 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42) and GLUT5 (days 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42) was increased with YP supplementation. In ileum, the expression of SGLT1 (days 7, 21, 35 and 42), GLUT2 (days 7, 14, 21 and 42) and GLUT5 (days 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42) was increased with YP supplementation. Dietary YP supplementation improves growth performance and expression of SGLT1, GLUT2 and GLUT5 in intestine.


Assuntos
Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Galinhas/anatomia & histologia , Galinhas/genética , Dieta/veterinária , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 2/efeitos dos fármacos , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 2/genética , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 5/efeitos dos fármacos , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 5/genética , Mucosa Intestinal/anatomia & histologia , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestino Delgado/anatomia & histologia , Intestino Delgado/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Distribuição Aleatória , Transportador 1 de Glucose-Sódio/efeitos dos fármacos , Transportador 1 de Glucose-Sódio/genética , Regulação para Cima
9.
Cell Rep ; 26(13): 3484-3492.e4, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30917305

RESUMO

The sensation of pain is essential for the preservation of the functional integrity of the body. However, the key molecular regulators necessary for the initiation of the development of pain-sensing neurons have remained largely unknown. Here, we report that, in mice, inactivation of the transcriptional regulator PRDM12, which is essential for pain perception in humans, results in a complete absence of the nociceptive lineage, while proprioceptive and touch-sensitive neurons remain. Mechanistically, our data reveal that PRDM12 is required for initiation of neurogenesis and activation of a cascade of downstream pro-neuronal transcription factors, including NEUROD1, BRN3A, and ISL1, in the nociceptive lineage while it represses alternative fates other than nociceptors in progenitor cells. Our results thus demonstrate that PRDM12 is necessary for the generation of the entire lineage of pain-initiating neurons.

10.
Food Funct ; 10(2): 1007-1016, 2019 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30706920

RESUMO

Biogenic polyphosphate nanoparticles (BPNPs) from Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 have been found to exhibit intestinal protective potential in vitro and ex vivo. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vivo intestinal protective effect of BPNPs in experimental colitis. BPNPs were intragastrically administered to C57BL/6 mice daily for 9 d during and after 5 d dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) exposure. Based on the body weight, disease activity index, colon length and colon histology, BPNPs effectively ameliorated DSS-induced colitis in mice. According to colonic myeloperoxidase activity, colonic and peripheral proinflammatory cytokines, and hematological parameters, BPNPs alleviated the DSS-induced colonic and systemic inflammation. BPNPs enhanced the intestinal barrier function by upregulating the colonic expressions of heat shock protein 25 and tight junction proteins. By high-throughput sequencing of fecal 16S rRNA, BPNPs were found to maintain gut microbial homeostasis in colitis mice. Overall, BPNPs have a considerable in vivo efficacy to maintain gut health.


Assuntos
Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Polifosfatos/farmacologia , Synechococcus/classificação , Animais , Sulfato de Dextrana/toxicidade , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Nanopartículas/química , Polifosfatos/química
11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 127: 349-356, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30615968

RESUMO

ε-Poly-l-lysine (PL) has high antimicrobial activity and a wide antimicrobial spectrum and is applied broadly in the food industry. However, PL may lose part of its activity in phosphate systems, which are typically used in seafood processing. To enhance antimicrobial activity under high phosphate conditions, DNA/PL nanoparticles were fabricated via the nanoprecipitation method. The DNA/PL nanoparticle size was smallest when the ethanol to water ratio was 7:1, and the mean diameter was 101 nm. UV-vis showed hypochromism and a redshift of the DNA in the presence of PL, indicating an intercalative interaction between DNA and PL. FTIR spectroscopy revealed that strong hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions were involved in DNA/PL nanoparticle formation. Compared with that of PL, the antimicrobial activity of the nanoparticles against S. aureus, B. subtilis, and E. coli was enhanced. Additionally, the DNA/PL nanoparticles still retained higher antimicrobial activity in the phosphate system than free PL. The antimicrobial mechanistic analysis provided evidence that the DNA/PL nanoparticles showed high bioactivity due to cell membrane damage. This work provides a potential method to enhance the antimicrobial activity of PL under adverse conditions, which can promote the application of PL in seafood containing phosphate compounds.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Adutos de DNA , Lisina/análogos & derivados , Nanopartículas/química , Fosfatos/química , Polilisina , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Adutos de DNA/química , Adutos de DNA/farmacologia , Lisina/química , Lisina/farmacologia , Polilisina/química , Polilisina/farmacologia
12.
Opt Lett ; 44(2): 315-318, 2019 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30644889

RESUMO

Without real-state transition, third-harmonic generation (THG) cannot be modulated simply by fluorescence-based methods. However, utilizing the absorption-enhancement property of THG, the modulation of THG intensity has been demonstrated through ground-state depletion (GSD) in this Letter. By suppressing the absorption of materials with GSD, the THG intensity can be reduced due to a decreasing of absorption enhancement. The ability to modulate THG intensity can benefit from applying super-resolution techniques to THG microscopy.

13.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 16(1): 86, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30384844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are attracting interest as potential therapeutic agents to treat inflammatory diseases, but their anti-inflammatory mechanism of action is not clear yet. In addition, the effect of orally administered AuNPs on gut microbiota has been overlooked so far. Here, we evaluated the therapeutic and gut microbiota-modulating effects, as well as the anti-inflammatory paradigm, of AuNPs with three different coatings and five difference sizes in experimental mouse colitis and RAW264.7 macrophages. RESULTS: Citrate- and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-stabilized 5-nm AuNPs (Au-5 nm/Citrate and Au-5 nm/PVP) and tannic acid (TA)-stabilized 5-, 10-, 15-, 30- and 60-nm AuNPs were intragastrically administered to C57BL/6 mice daily for 8 days during and after 5-day dextran sodium sulfate exposure. Clinical signs and colon histopathology revealed more marked anti-colitis effects by oral administration of Au-5 nm/Citrate and Au-5 nm/PVP, when compared to TA-stabilized AuNPs. Based on colonic myeloperoxidase activity, colonic and peripheral levels of interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α, and peripheral counts of leukocyte and lymphocyte, Au-5 nm/Citrate and Au-5 nm/PVP attenuated colonic and systemic inflammation more effectively than TA-stabilized AuNPs. High-throughput sequencing of fecal 16S rRNA indicated that AuNPs could induce gut dysbiosis in mice by decreasing the α-diversity, the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio, certain short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria and Lactobacillus. Based on in vitro studies using RAW264.7 cells and electron spin resonance oximetry, AuNPs inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-triggered inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase expression and NO production via reduction of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), and attenuated LPS-induced nuclear factor kappa beta activation and proinflammatory cytokine production via both TLR4 reduction and catalytic detoxification of peroxynitrite and hydrogen peroxide. CONCLUSIONS: AuNPs have promising potential as anti-inflammatory agents; however, their therapeutic applications via the oral route may have a negative impact on the gut microbiota.

14.
Mar Drugs ; 16(10)2018 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30308963

RESUMO

In this paper, a novel natural influenza A H1N1 virus neuraminidase (NA) inhibitory peptide derived from cod skin hydrolysates was purified and its antiviral mechanism was explored. From the hydrolysates, novel efficient NA-inhibitory peptides were purified by a sequential approach utilizing an ultrafiltration membrane (5000 Da), sephadex G-15 gel column and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). The amino acid sequence of the pure peptide was determined by electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (ESI-FTICR-MS) was PGEKGPSGEAGTAGPPGTPGPQGL, with a molecular weight of 2163 Da. The analysis of the Lineweacer⁻Burk model indicated that the peptide was a competitive NA inhibitor with Ki of 0.29 mM and could directly bind free enzymes. In addition, docking studies suggested that hydrogen binding might be the driving force for the binding affinity of PGEKGPSGEAGTAGPPGTPGPQGL to NA. The cytopathic effect reduction assay showed that the peptide PGEKGPSGEAGTAGPPGTPGPQGL protected Madin⁻Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells from viral infection and reduced the viral production in a dose-dependent manner. The EC50 value was 471 ± 12 µg/mL against H1N1. Time-course analysis showed that PGEKGPSGEAGTAGPPGTPGPQGL inhibited influenza virus in the early stage of the infectious cycle. The virus titers assay indicated that the NA-inhibitory peptide PGEKGPSGEAGTAGPPGTPGPQGL could directly affect the virus toxicity and adsorption by host cells, further proving that the peptide had an anti-viral effect with multiple target sites. The activity of NA-inhibitory peptide was almost inactivated during the simulated in vitro gastrointestinal digestion, suggesting that oral administration is not recommended. The peptide PGEKGPSGEAGTAGPPGTPGPQGL acts as a neuraminidase blocker to inhibit influenza A virus in MDCK cells. Thus, the peptide PGEKGPSGEAGTAGPPGTPGPQGL has potential utility in the treatment of the influenza virus infection.

15.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3691, 2018 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30209249

RESUMO

Spiral ganglion (SG) neurons of the cochlea convey all auditory inputs to the brain, yet the cellular and molecular complexity necessary to decode the various acoustic features in the SG has remained unresolved. Using single-cell RNA sequencing, we identify four types of SG neurons, including three novel subclasses of type I neurons and the type II neurons, and provide a comprehensive genetic framework that define their potential synaptic communication patterns. The connectivity patterns of the three subclasses of type I neurons with inner hair cells and their electrophysiological profiles suggest that they represent the intensity-coding properties of auditory afferents. Moreover, neuron type specification is already established at birth, indicating a neuronal diversification process independent of neuronal activity. Thus, this work provides a transcriptional catalog of neuron types in the cochlea, which serves as a valuable resource for dissecting cell-type-specific functions of dedicated afferents in auditory perception and in hearing disorders.

16.
Heredity (Edinb) ; 2018 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30190559

RESUMO

Following the publication of this article, the authors have requested that the Acknowledgements section be amended to thank Weidi Yang for his assistance with their Bostrychus sinensis photograph that was chosen for the front cover of the January 2018 issue of the journal. This error has been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the paper. Also, the legends for Supplementary Figures 1 and 2 were not posted online. This error has been corrected in the HTML version of the paper.

17.
Mar Drugs ; 16(9)2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30201855

RESUMO

Probiotic-derived polyphosphates have attracted interest as potential therapeutic agents to improve intestinal health. The current study discovered the intracellular accumulation of polyphosphates in a marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 as nano-sized granules. The maximum accumulation of polyphosphates in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 was found at the late logarithmic growth phase when the medium contained 0.74 mM of KH2PO4, 11.76 mM of NaNO3, and 30.42 mM of Na2SO4. Biogenic polyphosphate nanoparticles (BPNPs) were obtained intact from the algae cells by hot water extraction, and were purified to remove the organic impurities by Sephadex G-100 gel filtration. By using 100 kDa ultrafiltration, BPNPs were fractionated into the larger and smaller populations with diameters ranging between 30⁻70 nm and 10⁻30 nm, respectively. 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole fluorescence and orthophosphate production revealed that a minor portion of BPNPs (about 14⁻18%) were degraded during simulated gastrointestinal digestion. In vitro studies using lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW264.7 cells showed that BPNPs inhibited cyclooxygenase-2, inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase expression, and the production of proinflammatory mediators, including NO, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1ß through suppressing the Toll-like receptor 4/NF-κB signaling pathway. Overall, there is promise in the use of the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 to produce BPNPs, an anti-inflammatory postbiotic.

18.
Food Res Int ; 113: 189-196, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30195513

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the fermentation properties of fish protein (FP) glycated with glucose at two different heating time (24 h and 48 h, 50 °C, GFP24 and GFP48), using an in vitro batch fermentation model of human distal colon. The heated fish protein in absent of glucose was also as controls. The lower glycation extent of fish protein, with a lower browning intensity and bound sugar, enhanced the production of acetate and propionate. The formation of indole and ammonia was inhibited by the glycation of fish protein, but less affected by its glycation extent. Compared to FP, the glycation of fish protein significantly increased (p < .05) the relative abundance of genera Lactococcus for GFP24 (47%) and GFP48 (71%), whereas decreased dominant genera Bacteroides for GFP24 (32%) and GFP48 (23%). Compared to GFP24, GFP48 indicated significantly higher relative abundance of Holdemania, Streptococcus, Enterococcus and Lactobacillus, and lower amounts of Parabacteroides (p < .05). In the meantime, the heated treatments in the absent of glucose resulted in the increase of some genera Dialister, Arobacter, Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, Phascolarctobacterium and Veillonella, and also ammonia production. Furthermore, the correlation analysis confirmed that the glycation of fish protein for the decrease of ammonia and indole production was associated with the changes of some proteolytic bacteria genera, including Bacteroides, Dialister and Parabacteroides. Thus, the glycated fish protein rich in Amadori products greatly change the profiles of fermentation metabolite and gut microbiota, and these changes can have a potential impact on host health.

19.
Mar Drugs ; 16(8)2018 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30081563

RESUMO

Natural angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory peptides, which are derived from marine products, are useful as antihypertensive drugs. Nevertheless, the activities of these natural peptides are relatively low, which limits their applications. The aim of this study was to prepare efficient ACE-inhibitory peptides from sea cucumber-modified hydrolysates by adding exogenous proline according to a facile plastein reaction. When 40% proline (w/w, proline/free amino groups) was added, the modified hydrolysates exhibited higher ACE-inhibitory activity than the original hydrolysates. Among the modified hydrolysates, two novel efficient ACE-inhibitory peptides, which are namely PNVA and PNLG, were purified and identified by a sequential approach combining a sephadex G-15 gel column, reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/MS), before we conducted confirmatory studies with synthetic peptides. The ACE-inhibitory activity assay showed that PNVA and PNLG exhibited lower IC50 values of 8.18 ± 0.24 and 13.16 ± 0.39 µM than their corresponding truncated analogs (NVA and NLG), respectively. Molecular docking showed that PNVA and PNLG formed a larger number of hydrogen bonds with ACE than NVA and NLG, while the proline at the N-terminal of peptides can affect the orientation of the binding site of ACE. The method developed in this study may potentially be applied to prepare efficient ACE-inhibitory peptides, which may play a key role in hypertension management.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Pepinos-do-Mar , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/química , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa/métodos , Desenho de Drogas , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Prolina/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Especificidade por Substrato , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
20.
Food Sci Nutr ; 6(4): 1023-1031, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29983966

RESUMO

Gelatin is an anti-inflammatory dietary component, and its predominant metabolites entering circulation are prolyl-hydroxyproline (Pro-Hyp) and glycine. We evaluated the protective effects of orally administered gelatin, glycine, and Pro-Hyp 10:3:0.8 (w/w/w) against dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in mice. According to clinical, histological, and biochemical parameters, they exhibited significant activities in the order of gelatin < glycine < Pro-Hyp. Gelatin prevented the DSS-induced increase in interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the colon, rather than in peripheral blood. Glycine and Pro-Hyp attenuated the DSS-induced rise in colonic IL-6 and TNF-α, as well as peripheral IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α. Hematologic results show the attenuation of DSS-induced leukocytosis and lymphocytosis by glycine and Pro-Hyp, rather than gelatin. These findings suggest that glycine and Pro-Hyp constitute the material basis for gelatin's anticolitis efficacy, and they have better anticolitis activities and distinct mechanisms of action when ingested as free compounds than as part of gelatin.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA