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1.
Psychol Med ; : 1-11, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: People with serious mental illness are at great risk of suicide, but little is known about the suicide rates among this population. We aimed to quantify the suicide rates among people with serious mental illness (bipolar disorder, major depression, or schizophrenia). METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science were searched to identify studies published from 1 January 1975 to 10 December 2020. We assessed English-language studies for the suicide rates among people with serious mental illness. Random-effects meta-analysis was used. Changes in follow-up time and the suicide rates were presented by a locally weighted scatter-plot smoothing (LOESS) curve. Suicide rate ratio was estimated for assessments of difference in suicide rate by sex. RESULTS: Of 5014 identified studies, 41 were included in this analysis. The pooled suicide rate was 312.8 per 100 000 person-years (95% CI 230.3-406.8). Europe was reported to have the highest pooled suicide rate of 335.2 per 100 000 person-years (95% CI 261.5-417.6). Major depression had the highest suicide rate of 534.3 per 100 000 person-years (95% CI 30.4-1448.7). There is a downward trend in suicide rate estimates over follow-up time. Excess risk of suicide in males was found [1.90 (95% CI 1.60-2.25)]. The most common suicide method was poisoning [21.9 per 100 000 person-years (95% CI 3.7-50.4)]. CONCLUSIONS: The suicide rates among people with serious mental illness were high, highlighting the requirements for increasing psychological assessment and monitoring. Further study should focus on region and age differences in suicide among this population.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955753

RESUMO

Chiral morpholinone is an important building block in organic synthesis and a pharmacophore in medicinal chemistry. However, catalytic enantioselective methods for the construction of this N,O-heterocycle remain scarce. We report herein a chiral phosphoric acid-catalyzed enantioselective synthesis of C3-substituted morpholinones from aryl/alkylglyoxals and 2-(arylamino)ethan-1-ols. The reaction proceeds through a domino [4 + 2] heteroannulation followed by a 1,2-aryl/alkyl shift of the resulting cyclic α-iminium hemiacetals. It represents formally an unprecedented asymmetric aza-benzilic ester rearrangement reaction. A concise synthesis of L-742,694, a neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist, featuring this reaction is documented.

3.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 234, 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The repair of critical-sized bone defects is always a challenging problem. Electromagnetic fields (EMFs), used as a physiotherapy for bone defects, have been suspected to cause potential hazards to human health due to the long-term exposure. To optimize the application of EMF while avoiding its adverse effects, a combination of EMF and tissue engineering techniques is critical. Furthermore, a deeper understanding of the mechanism of action of EMF will lead to better applications in the future. METHODS: In this research, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) seeded on 3D-printed scaffolds were treated with sinusoidal EMFs in vitro. Then, 5.5 mm critical-sized calvarial defects were created in rats, and the cell scaffolds were implanted into the defects. In addition, the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which EMFs regulate BMSCs were explored with various approaches to gain deeper insight into the effects of EMFs. RESULTS: The cell scaffolds treated with EMF successfully accelerated the repair of critical-sized calvarial defects. Further studies revealed that EMF could not directly induce the differentiation of BMSCs but improved the sensitivity of BMSCs to BMP signals by upregulating the quantity of specific BMP (bone morphogenetic protein) receptors. Once these receptors receive BMP signals from the surrounding milieu, a cascade of reactions is initiated to promote osteogenic differentiation via the BMP/Smad signalling pathway. Moreover, the cytokines secreted by BMSCs treated with EMF can better facilitate angiogenesis and osteoimmunomodulation which play fundamental roles in bone regeneration. CONCLUSION: In summary, EMF can promote the osteogenic potential of BMSCs and enhance the paracrine function of BMSCs to facilitate bone regeneration. These findings highlight the profound impact of EMF on tissue engineering and provide a new strategy for the clinical treatment of bone defects.

4.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 87, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of targeted intersegmental planes and resection with adequate surgical margins are among the crucial steps in anatomical pulmonary segmentectomy, and technical improvements are still needed. CASE PRESENTATION: We reported three cases of intersegmental plane identification using highly selective independent segmental ventilation during segmentectomy. All cases required cooperation with an anesthesiologist who was able to perform segmental ventilation and double confirmation of segmental bronchus branches by the surgeon. The surgical procedure provides a direct visualization of spare segment inflation and saves time in deflation over the conventional residual segment inflation method. CONCLUSIONS: Highly selective independent segmental ventilation could be considered a suitable option for pulmonary intersegmental plane identification and could be universally used for lung segmentectomy.

5.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33864909

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation for the prevention of gastric variceal rebleeding in patients with Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study included 126 cirrhotic patients (mean age, 54.1 ± 10.2 years; 110 males) with HCC who underwent TIPS creation for the prevention of gastric variceal rebleeding. One hundred ten patients (87.3%) had gastroesophageal varices and 16 patients (12.7%) had isolated gastric varices. Thirty-five patients (27.8%) had portal vein tumor thrombus. RESULTS: TIPS creation was technically successful in 124 patients (98.4%). Rebleeding occurred in 26 patients (20.6%) during the follow-up period. The 6-week and 1-year actuarial probabilities of patients remaining free of rebleeding were 98.3 ± 1.2% and 81.2 ± 3.9%, respectively. Forty-nine patients (38.8%) died during the follow-up period. The 6-week and 1-year actuarial probabilities of survival were 98.4 ± 1.1% and 65.6 ± 4.4%, respectively. Two patients (1.6%) had major procedure-related complications, including acute liver failure (n = 1) and intra-abdominal bleeding (n = 1). Thirty-three patients (26.2%) had at least one episode of overt hepatic encephalopathy during the follow-up period. Shunt dysfunction occurred in 15 patients (11.9%) after a median follow-up time of 11.4 (range, 1.4-41.3) months. Lung metastasis occurred in three patients (2.4%) 3.9-32.9 months after TIPS creation. CONCLUSION: TIPS creation may be effective and safe for the prevention of gastric variceal rebleeding in patients with HCC.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(14): e25324, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Awake fiberoptic endoscope intubation (AFOI) is the primary strategy for managing anticipated difficult airways. Adequate sedation, most commonly being achieved with remifentanil and dexmedetomidine, is integral to this procedure. This meta-analysis aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of these 2 sedatives. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in Embase, Web of Science, PubMed, Google Scholar, Medline, Springer, and Web of Science with no language restrictions. Studies comparing safety and efficacy between the sole use of remifentanil and dexmedetomidine among patients who underwent AFOI were included. Eight randomized controlled trials, comprising 412 patients, met the inclusion criteria. The primary outcomes were first attempt intubation success rate and incidence of hypoxia. The secondary outcomes were the Ramsay Sedation Scale score at intubation, memory recall of endoscopy, and unstable hemodynamic parameters during intubation. RESULTS: Dexmedetomidine significantly reduced the incidence of hypoxemia during AFOI (risk ratio: 2.47; 95% confidence [CI]: 1.32-4.64]) compared with remifentanil; however, the first intubation success rates were equivalent (risk ratio: 1.12; 95% CI: 0.87-1.46]. No significant differences between the 2 sedatives were found for the Ramsay Sedation Scale score at intubation (mean difference: -0.14; 95% CI: -0.66-0.38) or unstable hemodynamic parameters during intubation (risk ratio: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.59-1.17). Dexmedetomidine reduced memory recall of endoscopy (risk ratio: 1.39; 95% CI: 1.13-1.72). CONCLUSIONS: While both remifentanil and dexmedetomidine are effective for AFOI and well-tolerated, dexmedetomidine may be more effective in reducing the incidence of hypoxemia and memory recall of endoscopy. PROSPERP REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020169612.


Assuntos
Sedação Consciente/métodos , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/uso terapêutico , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Remifentanil/uso terapêutico , Dexmedetomidina/administração & dosagem , Dexmedetomidina/efeitos adversos , Endoscopia/instrumentação , Endoscopia/métodos , Tecnologia de Fibra Óptica , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/efeitos adversos , Hipóxia/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Remifentanil/administração & dosagem , Remifentanil/efeitos adversos
7.
Environ Int ; 153: 106538, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to multiple metals is recognized as a common and real scenario in daily life. However, limited prospective studies have assessed associations between multiple metals exposure and hypertension. METHODS: In total, 2625 adults in a local area on the Yangtze River were investigated at baseline from 2014 to 2015 and followed up in 2019. We measured baseline urine levels of 22 metals and used multivariate logistic analysis and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) to explore associations between multiple metals exposure and the risk of hypertension. RESULTS: A total of 385 individuals (29.6%) were diagnosed with hypertension. Five metals (cadmium, copper, magnesium, molybdenum and zinc) were positively associated with hypertension in single-metal models. Cadmium and zinc remained significantly positive associations after adjusting for these five metals, with the odds ratio (OR) in the highest quartiles of 1.49 (95% CI: 1.01, 2.21; p-trend = 0.05) and 1.60 (95% CI: 1.08, 2.38; p-trend = 0.02), respectively. BKMR analysis showed a significant joint effect of multiple metals on hypertension when the concentrations of five metals were at or above their 55th percentile compared with their median values. A potential interaction between cadmium and zinc in increasing the risk of hypertension was observed with the ORint of 1.41 (95%CI: 1.05, 1.89). CONCLUSIONS: We identified the joint effect of multiple metals on hypertension and observed a significant interaction between cadmium and zinc. Further cohort studies are needed to clarify the health effects of multiple metals exposure in a larger population.

8.
J Econ Entomol ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822096

RESUMO

The honey bee is a significant crop pollinator and key model insect for understanding social behavior, disease transmission, and development. The ectoparasitic Varroa destructor mite put threats on the honey bee industry. A Varroa toxic protein (VTP) from the saliva of Varroa mites contributes to the toxicity toward Apis cerana and the deformed wing virus elevation in Apis mellifera. However, the immune response and hemolymph microbiota of honey bee species after the injection of recombinant VTP has not yet been reported. In this study, both A. cerana and A. mellifera worker larvae were injected with the recombinant VTP. Then the expressions of the honey bee immune genes abaecin, defensin, and domeless at three time points were determined by qRT-PCR, and hemolymph microbial community were analyzed by culture-dependent method, after recombinant VTP injection. The mortality rates of A. cerana larvae were much higher than those of A. mellifera larvae after VTP challenge. VTP injection induced the upregulation of defensin gene expression in A. mellifera larvae, and higher levels of abaecin and domeless mRNAs response in A. cerana larvae, compared with the control (without any injection). Phosphate buffer saline (PBS) injection also upregulated the expression levels of abaecin, defensin, and domeless in A. mellifera and A. cerana larvae. Three bacterial species (Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus cohnii, and Bacillus cereus) were isolated from the hemolymph of A. cerana larvae after VTP injection and at 48 h after PBS injections. Two bacterial species (Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Staphylococcus aureus) were isolated from A. mellifera larvae after VTP challenge. No bacterial colonies were detected from the larval hemolymph of both honey bee species treated by injection only and the control. The result indicates that abaecin, defensin, and domeless genes and hemolymph microbiota respond to the VTP challenge. VTP injection might induce the dramatic growth of different bacterial species in the hemolymph of the injected larvae of A. mellifera and A. cerana, which provide cues for further studying the interactions among the honey bee, VTP, and hemolymph bacteria.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792760

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the clinical utility of [68Ga]Ga-labeled fibroblast activation protein inhibitor ([68Ga]Ga-FAPI) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) relative to [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) PET/CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for primary staging and recurrence detection in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: This retrospective analysis utilized a sub-cohort of patients from a previously acquired database. Patients with NPC who underwent [18F]FDG and [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT between October 2019 and November 2020 were included. The radiotracer uptake and clinical staging/restaging performances of [18F]FDG and [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT were compared. RESULTS: Forty-five participants (39 for initial assessment, 6 for recurrence detection) were included. In treatment-naïve participants, [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT showed higher radiotracer uptake than [18F]FDG PET/CT in primary tumors (16.18 vs. 10.11, P < 0.001), regional lymph nodes (11.42 vs. 7.37, P < 0.001), and bone and visceral metastases (6.94 vs. 3.11, P < 0.001). Compared with the [18F]FDG-based TNM stage, the [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-based TNM stage was upgraded in ten patients (26%), resulting in management changes in seven patients (18%). Compared with MRI, [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT upgraded and underestimated the T stage in four and two patients, respectively. In post-treatment patients, [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT yielded more true-positive findings than [18F]FDG PET/CT in detecting local recurrence. CONCLUSION: [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT is a promising imaging modality for the diagnosis of primary and metastatic NPC. The exact tumor geographic imaging obtained through [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT may be a supplement to MRI for T staging and radiotherapy planning.

10.
Chin J Traumatol ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678538

RESUMO

Blunt traumatic thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) is an extremely serious medical condition with a high rate of associated mortality. Recent advances in techniques such as thoracic endovascular repair offer new opportunities to manage the critical BTAI patients in an efficacious yet less invasive manner. A 65 year-old-male suffered from multiple injuries after a fall, including BTAI in the aortic arch, which resulted in dissection of the descending thoracic-abdominal aorta and iliac artery, development of an intimal flap in the left common carotid artery, and dissection of the left subclavian artery. Based on the imaging information of this patient and our clinical experience, the combined treatment of fenestrated thoracic endovascular repair and a chimney technique was immediately planned to fully repair these dissections and moreover prevent further dissection of the branching vessels, additionally to ensure sufficient blood flow in the left subclavian artery and left common carotid artery. The intervention yielded satisfactory early outcomes. Follow-up assessment at six months reported no symptoms or complications associated with the stent-graft. CT angiography further confirmed adequate stent-graft coverage of the aortic injury.

13.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 608352, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33680989

RESUMO

Listeriosis, caused by Listeria monocytogenes, is a severe food-borne infection. The nationwide surveillance in China concerning listeriosis is urgently needed. In the present study, 144 L. monocytogenes isolates were collected from the samples of blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and fetal membrane/placenta in China for 12 years from 2008 to 2019. We summarized these listeriosis patients' demographical and clinical features and outcomes. The susceptibility profile for 12 antibiotics was also determined by the broth microdilution method. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and serogroups of these listeria isolates were analyzed to designate epidemiological types. We enrolled 144 cases from 29 healthcare centers, including 96 maternal-neonatal infections, 33 cases of bacteremia, 13 cases of neurolisteriosis, and two cutaneous listeriosis. There were 31 (59.6%) fetal loss in 52 pregnant women and four (9.8%) neonatal death in 41 newborns. Among the 48 nonmaternal-neonatal cases, 12.5% (6/48) died, 41.7% (20/48) were female, and 64.6% (31/48) occurred in those with significant comorbidities. By MLST, the strains were distinguished into 23 individual sequence types (STs). The most prevalent ST was ST87 (49 isolates, 34.0%), followed by ST1 (18, 12.5%), ST8 (10, 6.9%), ST619 (9, 6.3%), ST7 (7, 4.9%) and ST3 (7, 4.9%). Furthermore, all L. monocytogenes isolates were uniformly susceptible to penicillin, ampicillin, and meropenem. In summary, our study highlights a high genotypic diversity of L. monocytogenes strains causing clinical listeriosis in China. Furthermore, a high prevalence of ST87 and ST1 in the listeriosis should be noted.

14.
Transl Res ; 232: 150-162, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737161

RESUMO

Deleterious hyper-inflammation resulting from macrophage activation may aggravate sepsis and lead to lethality. Tumor endothelial marker 1 (TEM1), a type I transmembrane glycoprotein containing six functional domains, has been implicated in cancer and chronic sterile inflammatory disorders. However, the role of TEM1 in acute sepsis remains to be determined. Herein we explored the functional significance of the TEM1 lectin-like domain (TEM1D1) in monocyte/macrophage activation and sepsis using TEM1D1-deleted (TEM1LeD/LeD) transgenic mice and recombinant TEM1D1 (rTEM1D1) protein. Under stimulation with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) or several other toll-like receptor agonists, TEM1LeD/LeD macrophages produced lower levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 than wild-type TEM1wt/wt macrophages. Compared with TEM1wt/wt macrophages, LPS-macrophage binding and intracellular mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation were suppressed in TEM1LeD/LeD macrophages. In vivo, TEM1D1 deletion improved survival in LPS-challenged mice with reduction of circulating TNF-α and IL-6 and alleviation of lung injury and pulmonary leukocyte accumulation. In contrast, rTEM1D1 could bind to LPS and markedly suppress LPS-macrophage binding, MAPK/NF-κB signaling in macrophages and proinflammatory cytokine production. Treatment with rTEM1D1 improved survival and attenuated circulating TNF-α and IL-6, lung injury and pulmonary accumulation of leukocytes in LPS-challenged mice. These findings demonstrated differential roles for the TEM1 lectin-like domain in macrophages and soluble TEM1 lectin-like domain in sepsis. TEM1 in macrophages mediates LPS-induced inflammation via its lectin-like domain, whereas rTEM1D1 interferes with LPS-induced macrophage activation and sepsis.

15.
Psychiatr Q ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751356

RESUMO

Schizophrenia is associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is an important risk factor for developing cognitive impairment in the general population. A few case-control studies have explored the relationship between MetS and cognitive deficits in individuals with schizophrenia but with inconsistent findings. This meta-analysis of case-control studies was carried out to explore the association between MetS and cognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia. Only case-control studies assessing the association of cognitive function and MetS in patients with schizophrenia were identified. Cognitive function was assessed using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) scale. Six case-control studies (n = 992) comparing cognition between patients with schizophrenia with MetS (n = 426) and those without MetS (n = 566) using the RBANS were identified. Compared to patients with schizophrenia without MetS, patients with schizophrenia and MetS had significantly more impairments in RBANS total scores [standardized mean difference (SMD) = -0.26, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.51 to -0.02; I2 = 72%; p = 0.03], immediate memory (SMD = -0.32, 95% CI: -0.54 to -0.10; I2 = 66%; p = 0.005), attention (SMD = -0.29, 95% CI: -0.56 to -0.02; I2 = 77%; p = 0.03), and delayed memory (SMD = -0.24, 95% CI: -0.46 to -0.03; I2 = 64%; p = 0.03). No group difference was found regarding visuospatial skills and language (p > 0.05). This meta-analysis found that schizophrenia patients with MetS had worse performance on certain cognitive tasks than non-MetS patients.

16.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787067

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present paper was to explore the clinical effect of one approach anterior decompression and fixation with posterior unilateral pedicle screw fixation for thoracolumbar osteoporosis vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective analysis. A total of six thoracolumbar OVCF patients (four women and two men) with an average age of 65.2 years (58-72 years) who were treated between June 2016 and May 2018 were enrolled in the present study. The lesion segments included: 1 case at T11, 1 case at T12, 3 cases at L1, and 1 case at L2. The six thoracolumbar OVCF patients were treated with one approach anterior decompression and fixation with posterior unilateral pedicle screw fixation. After general anesthesia, patients were placed in the right lateral decubitus position, an approximately 10-15-cm oblique incision was made along corresponding ribs, and the conventional left retroperitoneal and/or the extrapleural approach was performed for anterior lateral exposure. First, anterior decompression and fixation were performed, and then through the unilateral paraspinal muscle approach, posterior pedicle screw fixation was performed under the same incision. The back pain visual analogue scale (VAS), the Oswestry disability index (ODI), and the MacNab criteria were used to evaluate the clinical outcome. The radiographic analysis included the regional kyphosis angle and the fusion rate. Neurological status, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, the time of ambulation, hospital stay, and surgical complications were also assessed. RESULTS: Surgery was successful in all six patients, who were followed up for 31.6 months (range, 23-46 months). The operation time was 125-163 min, with a median of 135 min. The preoperative blood loss was 580-1230 mL, with a median of 760 mL. The time of ambulation was 3-5 days, with a median of 4.2 days. The hospital stay was 8-15 days, with the median of 10.5 days. According to the Frankel classification of neurological deficits, of two patients with grade C preoperatively, one had improved to grade D and one had improved to grade E at final follow up; among four patients with grade D preoperatively, at the final follow up one remained the same and three had improved to grade E. The postoperative back pain VAS score decreased significantly, from 6.17 ± 0.75 preoperatively to 0.83 ± 0.41 postoperatively (P < 0.05). The mean ODI score was 73.7 ± 5.86 preoperatively and reduced to 21.85 ± 3.27 postoperatively (P < 0.05). According to the MacNab criteria, at the final follow up, two patients rated their satisfaction as excellent, three patients as good, and one patient as fair. The mean regional kyphosis angle was 22.17° ± 6.01°before surgery, which improved to 9.33° ± 3.88° at the final follow up (P < 0.05). At the final follow up, there were two patients who had achieved a grade 2 bony fusion (33.3%), three patients grade 3 (50.0%), and one patient grade 4 (16.7%). No incision infections, internal fixation failures or other complications were found during the perioperative and the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: One approach anterior decompression and fixation with posterior unilateral pedicle screw fixation provides a novel method for thoracolumbar OVCF disease, with a satisfactory clinical outcome.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760598

RESUMO

One two-dimensional Fe-based metal-organic framework (FeSC1) and one one-dimensional coordination polymer (FeSC2) have been solvothermally prepared through the reaction among FeSO4·7H2O, the tripodal ligand 4,4',4″-s-triazine-2,4,6-triyl-tribenzoate (H3TATB), and flexible secondary building blocks p/m-bis((1H-imidazole-1-yl)methyl)benzene (bib). Given that their abundant interlayer spaces and different coordination modes, two compounds have been employed as battery-type electrodes to understand how void space and different coordination modes affect their performances in three-electrode electrochemical systems. Both materials exhibit outstanding but different electrochemical performances (including distinct capacities and charge-transfer abilities) under three-electrode configurations, where the charge storage for each electrode material is mainly dominated by the diffusion-controlled section (i ∝ v0.5) through power-law equations. Additionally, the partial phase transformations to more stable FeOOH are also detected in the long-term cycling loops. After coupling with the capacitive carbon-based electrode to assemble into the semi-solid-state battery-supercapacitor-hybrid (sss-BSH) devices, the sss-FeSC1//AC BSH device delivers excellent capacitance, superior energy and power density, and longstanding endurance as well as the potential practical property.

18.
Sci Adv ; 7(4)2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523945

RESUMO

Genetic diversity and phylogenetic diversity reflect the evolutionary potential and history of species, respectively. However, the levels and spatial patterns of genetic and phylogenetic diversity of wildlife at the regional scale have largely remained unclear. Here, we performed meta-analyses of genetic diversity in Chinese terrestrial vertebrates based on three genetic markers and investigated their phylogenetic diversity based on a dated phylogenetic tree of 2461 species. We detected strong positive spatial correlations among mitochondrial DNA-based genetic diversity, phylogenetic diversity, and species richness. Moreover, the terrestrial vertebrates harbored higher genetic and phylogenetic diversity in South China and Southwest China than in other regions. Last, climatic factors (precipitation and temperature) had significant positive effects while altitude and human population density had significant negative impacts on levels of mitochondrial DNA-based genetic diversity in most cases. Our findings will help guide national-level genetic diversity conservation plans and a post-2020 biodiversity conservation framework.

19.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e928800, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) causes a heavy disease burden worldwide. Cell division cycle 45 (Cdc45) and its encoding gene (CDC45) have been studied for a long time, but their expression patterns and roles in liver carcinogenesis and advanced HCC deterioration are still incompletely understood. This study integrated tissue microarray and bioinformatics analyses to explore the expression and clinical value of CDC45 and Cdc45 in HCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS In HCC, the expression and relationships with clinic-pathological parameters of CDC45 and Cdc45 were investigated by integrating the RNA-sequencing data, downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Oncomine databases, and tissue microarray with immunohistochemistry staining. Co-expressed genes and genetic alterations of CDC45 separately obtained from Oncomine and cBioPortal databases were identified to shed light on the potential mechanisms of CDC45 in HCC. RESULTS CDC45 and Cdc45 were both overexpressed in HCC tissues, and the CDC45 level progressively increased from stage I to III. The survival outcomes of the group with high CDC45 expression were significantly worse compared with the group with low expression. Amplification and deep deletion were 2 major significant alteration types in HCC patients, and the outcomes were worse in patients with altered versus unaltered CDC45. NUDT1, E2F1, CCNE2, MCM5, and CENPM were identified as the most significantly co-expressed genes. CONCLUSIONS CDC45 and Cdc45 were both upregulated in HCC, and increased expression levels and genetic alternations of CDC45 were correlated with worse prognosis in HCC patients. CDC45 may promote HCC by co-expressing with NUDT1, E2F1, CCNE2, MCM5, and CENPM.

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