Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 42
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619053

RESUMO

Background: To date, the clinical management of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients remains tough and the mechanisms of E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1) underlying HCC are obscure. Materials and Methods: Our study integrated datasets mined from several public databases to comprehensively understand the deregulated expression status of E2F1. Tissue microarrays and immunohistochemistry staining was used to validate E2F1 expression level. The prognostic value of E2F1 was assessed. In-depth subgroup analyses were implemented to compare the differentially expressed levels of E2F1 in HCC patients with various tumor stages. Functional enrichments were used to address the predominant targets of E2F1 and shedding light on their potential roles in HCC. Results: We confirmed the elevated expression of E2F1 in HCC. Subgroup analyses indicated that elevated E2F1 level was independent of various stages in HCC. E2F1 possessed moderate discriminatory capability in differentiating HCC patients from non-HCC controls. Elevated E2F1 correlated with Asian race, tumor classification, neoplasm histologic grade, eastern cancer oncology group, and plasma AFP levels. Furthermore, high E2F1 correlated with poor survival condition and pooled HR signified E2F1 as a risk factor for HCC. Enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes, coexpressed genes, and putative targets of E2F1 emphasized the importance of cell cycle pathway, where CCNE1 and CCNA2 served as hub genes. Conclusions: We confirmed the upregulation of E2F1 and explored the prognostic value of E2F1 in HCC patients. Two putative targeted genes (CCNE1 and CCNA2) of E2F1 were identified for their potential roles in regulating cell cycle and promote antiapoptotic activity in HCC patients.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 50(17): 5899-5910, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949401

RESUMO

The effect of counter anions on thermally induced manganese(iii)-based SCO within the [Mn(5-F-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]Y family has been investigated. All the complexes are crystallized without any lattice solvents. Crystal packing and intermolecular forces influence the spin-state stabilization and spin-transition profiles. Magnetic measurements indicate that salts with octahedral anions, [Mn(5-F-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]PF6 (1), [Mn(5-F-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]AsF6 (2) and [Mn(5-F-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]SbF6 (3), show HS electronic configurations between 2 and 300 K, and there exist π-π stackings between the phenyl groups from the neighboring [Mn(5-F-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]+ cations. As for the tetrahedral anions, complex [Mn(5-F-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]BF4 (4) exhibits a gradual and incomplete spin conversion. Complex [Mn(5-F-sal-N-1,5,8,12)] ClO4 (5) shows a nearly complete SCO with T1/2 = 100 K. The remaining salts with spherical anions form Nam-HX (X = Cl, Br, I) hydrogen bonds between Mn(iii) cations and counterions. Complexes [Mn(5-F-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]Cl (6) and [Mn(5-F-sal-N-1,5,8,12)] Cl0.28Br0.72 (7) feature gradual SCO behaviors with T1/2 = 220 K and 235 K, respectively. Complex [Mn(5-F-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]I (8) exhibits a more gradual spin conversion and is far from a complete HS state with a χMT value of 1.89 cm3 mol-1 K at 400 K.

3.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e928800, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) causes a heavy disease burden worldwide. Cell division cycle 45 (Cdc45) and its encoding gene (CDC45) have been studied for a long time, but their expression patterns and roles in liver carcinogenesis and advanced HCC deterioration are still incompletely understood. This study integrated tissue microarray and bioinformatics analyses to explore the expression and clinical value of CDC45 and Cdc45 in HCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS In HCC, the expression and relationships with clinic-pathological parameters of CDC45 and Cdc45 were investigated by integrating the RNA-sequencing data, downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Oncomine databases, and tissue microarray with immunohistochemistry staining. Co-expressed genes and genetic alterations of CDC45 separately obtained from Oncomine and cBioPortal databases were identified to shed light on the potential mechanisms of CDC45 in HCC. RESULTS CDC45 and Cdc45 were both overexpressed in HCC tissues, and the CDC45 level progressively increased from stage I to III. The survival outcomes of the group with high CDC45 expression were significantly worse compared with the group with low expression. Amplification and deep deletion were 2 major significant alteration types in HCC patients, and the outcomes were worse in patients with altered versus unaltered CDC45. NUDT1, E2F1, CCNE2, MCM5, and CENPM were identified as the most significantly co-expressed genes. CONCLUSIONS CDC45 and Cdc45 were both upregulated in HCC, and increased expression levels and genetic alternations of CDC45 were correlated with worse prognosis in HCC patients. CDC45 may promote HCC by co-expressing with NUDT1, E2F1, CCNE2, MCM5, and CENPM.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Prognóstico , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transcriptoma
4.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820979670, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327879

RESUMO

Existing reports have demonstrated that miR-199a-3p plays a role as a tumor suppressor in a variety of human cancers. This study aims to further validate the expression of miR-199a-3p in HCC and to explore its underlying mechanisms by using multiple data sets. Chip data or sequencing data and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were integrated to assess the expression of miR-199a-3p in HCC. The potential targets and transcription factor regulatory network of miR-199a-3p in HCC were determined and possible biological mechanism of miR-199a-3p was analyzed with bioinformatics methods. In the results, miR-199a-3p expression was significantly lower in HCC tissues compared to normal tissues according to chip data or sequencing data and qRT-PCR. Moreover, 455 targets of miR-199a-3p were confirmed, and these genes were involved in the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, pathways in cancer, and focal adhesions. LAMA4 was considered a key target of miR-199a-3p. In CMTCN, 11 co-regulatory pairs, 3 TF-FFLs, and 2 composite-FFLs were constructed. In conclusion, miR-199a-3p was down regulated in HCC and LAMA4 may be a potential target of miR-199a-3p in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Interferência de RNA , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Curadoria de Dados , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Regulação para Baixo , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Curva ROC , Transcriptoma , Fluxo de Trabalho
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179959

RESUMO

Background: The expression level and clinical significance of integrin subunit beta 4 (ITGB4) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remain unclear. Materials and Methods: Expression of ITGB4 in HNSCC tissues were evaluated by calculating standard mean differences (SMDs) based on gene chips, RNA-seq, and immunohistochemistry data (n = 2330) from multiple sources. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to detect the ability of ITGB4 to distinguish HNSCC from non-HNSCC samples. The relationship between the expression level of ITGB4 and clinical parameters was evaluated by calculating SMDs. Results: Identical results of mRNA and protein levels indicated remarkable up-expression of ITGB4 in HNSCC tissues. Further ROC curves showed that ITGB4 could distinguish HNSCC from non-HNSCC samples. Genetic alteration analysis of ITGB4 in HNSCC indicated that overexpression of ITGB4 in HNSCC was likely not owing to genetic alteration of ITGB4. Moreover, ITGB4 overexpression level may be correlated with clinical T stage. Conclusion: ITGB4 likely plays an essential role in HNSCC occurrence based on our study and its potential diagnostic value is worthy of further exploration in the future.

6.
J Oncol ; 2020: 7042025, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33014054

RESUMO

IL24 mRNA is known to have an apoptotic effect on cancer cells but not on noncancer cells. However, the expression level of the IL24 mRNA in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and its subgroups is rarely studied. In this study, the clinical implication of IL24 mRNA was evaluated in the common subgroups of HNSCC, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) for analysis. Substantial IL24 mRNA expression data were calculated from several databases, such as the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), ArrayExpress, Sequence Read Archive (SRA), ONCOMINE, and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. We ultimately collected a total of 41 microarrays and RNA-seq including 1,564 HNSCC and 603 noncancer tissue samples. IL24 mRNA was highly expressed in OSCC, LSCC, and NPC as shown by the separated standard mean difference (SMD), as well as HNSCC as a whole part (SMD = 1.47, 95% confdence interval (CI) = 1.24-1.70, P < 0.0001). In all subgroups, the IL24 mRNA upregulation had the ability to distinguish cancer from noncancer tissue with area under the curves (AUCs) of the summary receiver operating characteristic (sROC) higher than 0.85. In conclusion, IL24 mRNA may be used as a potential marker for cancer screening, and its clinical diagnostic value needs to be further studied. It also provides a new idea for the treatment of the IL24 gene in HNSCC and its subgroups in the future.

7.
Cancer Med ; 9(21): 8004-8019, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains one of the most common cancers worldwide and tends to be detected at an advanced stage. More effective biomarkers for HCC screening and prognosis assessment are needed and the mechanisms of HCC require further exploration. The role of MAOA in HCC has not been intensively investigated. METHODS: In-house tissue microarrays, genechips, and RNAsequencing datasets were integrated to explore the expression status and the clinical value of MAOA in HCC. Immunohistochemical staining was utilized to determine MAOA protein expression. Intersection genes of MAOA related co-expressed genes and differentially expressed genes were obtained to perform functional enrichment analyses. In vivo experiment was conducted to study the impact of traditional Chinese medicine nitidine chloride (NC) on MAOA in HCC. RESULTS: MAOA was downregulated and possessed an excellent discriminatory capability in HCC patients. Decreased MAOA correlated with poor prognosis in HCC patients. Downregulated MAOA protein was relevant to an advanced TNM stage in HCC patients. Co-expressed genes that positively related to MAOA were clustered in chemical carcinogenesis, where CYP2E1 was identified as the hub gene. In vivo experiment showed that nitidine chloride significantly upregulated MAOA in a nude mouse HCC model. CONCLUSIONS: A decreased MAOA level is not only correlated with aggressive behaviors in males but also serves as a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of HCC patients. Moreover, MAOA may play a role in AFB1 toxic transformation through its synergistic action with co-expressed genes, especially CYP3A4. MAOA also serves as a potential therapy target of NC in HCC patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/enzimologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Monoaminoxidase/análise , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Benzofenantridinas/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citocromo P-450 CYP2E1/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP2E1/metabolismo , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/metabolismo , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Camundongos Nus , Monoaminoxidase/genética , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , RNA-Seq , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
8.
PeerJ ; 8: e8409, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32095323

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second-highest cause of malignancy-related death worldwide, and many physiological and pathological processes, including cancer, are regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). miR-193a-3p is an anti-oncogene that plays an important part in health and disease biology by interacting with specific targets and signals. Methods: In vitro assays were performed to explore the influences of miR-193a-3p on the propagation and apoptosis of HCC cells. The sequencing data for HCC were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the expression levels of miR-193a-3p in HCC and non-HCC tissues were calculated. The differential expression of miR-193a-3p in HCC was presented as standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in Stata SE. The impact of miR-193a-3p on the prognoses of HCC patients was determined by survival analysis. The potential targets of miR-193a-3p were then predicted using miRWalk 2.0 and subjected to enrichment analyses, including Gene Ontology (GO) annotation, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis, and Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network analysis. The interaction between miR-193a-3p and one predicted target, Cyclin D1 (CCND1), was verified by dual luciferase reporter assays and Pearson correlation analysis. Results: MiR-193a-3p inhibited the propagation and facilitated the apoptosis of HCC cells in vitro. The pooled SMD indicated that miR-193a-3p had a low level of expression in HCC (SMD: -0.88, 95% CI [-2.36 -0.59]). Also, HCC patients with a higher level of miR-193a-3p expression tended to have a favorable overall survival (OS: HR = 0.7, 95% CI [0.43-1.13], P = 0.14). For the KEGG pathway analysis, the most related pathway was "proteoglycans in cancer", while the most enriched GO term was "protein binding". The dual luciferase reporter assays demonstrated the direct interaction between miR-193a-3p and CCND1, and the Pearson correlation analysis suggested that miR-193a-3p was negatively correlated with CCND1 in HCC tissues (R =  - 0.154, P = 0.002). Conclusion: miR-193a-3p could suppress proliferation and promote apoptosis by targeting CCND1 in HCC cells. Further, miR-193a-3p can be used as a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and treatment of HCC in the future.

9.
IET Syst Biol ; 14(6): 314-322, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33399095

RESUMO

Basing on alternative splicing events (ASEs) databases, the authors herein aim to explore potential prognostic biomarkers for cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CESC). mRNA expression profiles and relevant clinical data of 223 patients with CESC were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Correlated genes, ASEs and percent-splice-in (PSI) were downloaded from SpliceSeq, respectively. The PSI values of survival-associated alternative splicing events (SASEs) were used to construct the basis of a prognostic index (PI). A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of genes related to SASEs was generated by STRING and analysed with Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Consequently, 41,776 ASEs were discovered in 19,724 genes, 2596 of which linked with 3669 SASEs. The PPI network of SASEs related genes revealed that TP53 and UBA52 were core genes. The low-risk group had a longer survival period than high-risk counterparts, both groups being defined according to PI constructed upon the top 20 splicing events or PI on the overall splicing events. The AUC value of ROC reached up to 0.88, demonstrating the prognostic potential of PI in CESC. These findings suggested that ASEs involve in the pathogenesis of CESC and may serve as promising prognostic biomarkers for this female malignancy.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Feminino , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Prognóstico
10.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 9827-9848, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819482

RESUMO

Introduction: MIR22HG has a reported involvement in the tumorigenesis of a variety of cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the exact molecular mechanism of MIR22HG in HCC has not been clarified. Methods: In the present study, we integrated data from in-house RT-qPCR, RNA-sequencing, microarray, and literature studies to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the clinico-pathological and prognostic significance of MIR22HG in an extremely large group of HCC samples. We also explored the potential mechanism of MIR22HG in HCC by analyzing the alteration profiles of MIR22HG in HCC to predict transcription factors (TFs) that may interact with MIR22HG and to annotate the biological functions of genes co-expressed with MIR22HG. MIR22HG expression was also compared in HCC nude mice xenografts before and after a treatment with nitidine chloride. Results: We found that MIR22HG was downregulated in HCC and that this downregulation correlated with the malignant phenotype of HCC. Comprehensive analysis of the prognostic impact of MIR22HG in HCC revealed a beneficial effect of MIR22HG on the survival outcome of HCC patients. Seven cases of MIR22HG deep deletion occurred in 360 of the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) provisional HCC samples. A total of 22 MIR22HG-TF-mRNA triplets in HCC were predicted by the lncRNAmap. Co-expressed genes of MIR22HG, identified by weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA), mainly participated in the pathways involving osteoclast differentiation, chemokine signaling pathways, and hematopoietic cell lineage. In vivo experiments demonstrated that nitidine chloride could stimulate MIR22HG expression in HCC xenografts. Conclusion: In summary, MIR22HG may play a tumor-suppressive role in HCC by coordinating with predicted TFs and co-expressed genes, such as NLRP3, CSF1R, SIGLEC10, and ZEB2, or by being controlled by nitidine chloride.

11.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(11): 6754-6774, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is a common malignancy of the endocrine system. This research aimed to examine the expression levels of miR-136-5p and metadherin (MTDH) in TC and unveil their potential targeting relationship. METHODS: TC microRNA (miRNA) microarray and miRNA-sequencing data were collected to evaluated miR-136-5p expression. We assessed the comprehensive expression of miR-136-5p by calculating the standard mean difference (SMD) and summary receiver operating characteristic curves (sROC). Subsequently, the miR-136-5p mimic and inhibitor were transfected into the TC B-CPAP cell, Thiazolyl Blue Tetrazolium Bromide (MTT) assay and cell apoptosis assay by FACS with Annexin V-/7-AAD double staining were performed to explore the biological role of miR-136-5p in the B-CPAP cell line. Prediction of target genes and potential biological function analysis of miR-136-5p were made using miRWalk2.0 and DAVID, respectively. Through target gene prediction, MTDH may be the candidate target gene of miR-136-5p. Subsequently, gene microarrays and RNA-sequencing data were also leveraged for MTDH expression. The meta-analysis method was conducted to evaluate the comprehensive expression level of MTDH. In addition, MTDH protein expression was identified using immunohistochemistry. The MTDH protein levels post-miR-136-5p transfection were verified by western blot, and the dual luciferase reporter assay was adapted to confirm the direct targeting relation between miR-136-5p and MTDH. RESULTS: The miR-136-5p level was remarkably downregulated in TC, the pooled SMD was -0.47 (95% CI: -0.70 to -0.23, I2=36.6%, P=0.192) and the area under the curve (AUC) of the sROC was 0.67 based on 543 cases of TC. MTT indicated that the overexpression of miR-136-5p dramatically inhibited the proliferation of B-CPAP cells. The cell apoptosis increased in the miR-136-5p mimic group compared to the negative control group. In addition, both MTDH mRNA and protein levels were markedly overexpressed, with the pooled SMD being 0.94 (95% CI: -0.35 to 2.24, I2=98.8%, P<0.001), and the AUC of the sROC being 0.85 with 1054 cases of TC. The MTDH protein level was significantly up-regulated in TC than in the non-carcinomic tissues by immunohistochemistry (8.292±1.717 vs. 2.618±2.570, P<0.001). Western blot indicated that MTDH protein expression was suppressed by miR-136-5p mimic in the B-CPAP cell line, which was further supported by the dual luciferase reporter assay. CONCLUSION: The miR-136-5p/MTDH axis may play a vital role in modulating TC tumorigenesis, providing new insight into possible molecular mechanisms of TC oncogenesis.

12.
Cancer Med ; 8(18): 7623-7636, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has validated the crucial role of alternative splicing (AS) in tumors. However, comprehensive investigations on the entirety of AS and their clinical value in glioblastoma (GBM) are lacking. METHODS: The AS profiles and clinical survival data related to GBM were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to identify survival-associated AS events. A risk score was calculated, and prognostic signatures were constructed using seven different types of independent prognostic AS events, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier estimator was used to display the survival of GBM patients. The receiver operating characteristic curve was applied to compare the predictive efficacy of each prognostic signature. Enrichment analysis and protein interactive networks were conducted using the gene symbols of the AS events to investigate important processes in GBM. A splicing network between splicing factors and AS events was constructed to display the potential regulatory mechanism in GBM. RESULTS: A total of 2355 survival-associated AS events were identified. The splicing prognostic model revealed that patients in the high-risk group have worse survival rates than those in the low-risk group. The predictive efficacy of each prognostic model showed satisfactory performance; among these, the Alternate Terminator (AT) model showed the best performance at an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.906. Enrichment analysis uncovered that autophagy was the most enriched process of prognostic AS gene symbols in GBM. The protein network revealed that UBC, VHL, KCTD7, FBXL19, RNF7, and UBE2N were the core genes in GBM. The splicing network showed complex regulatory correlations, among which ELAVL2 and SYNE1_AT_78181 were the most correlated (r = -.506). CONCLUSIONS: Applying the prognostic signatures constructed by independent AS events shows promise for predicting the survival of GBM patients. A splicing regulatory network might be the potential splicing mechanism in GBM.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/mortalidade , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Curva ROC , Análise de Sobrevida
13.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(6): 5002-5020, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638221

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) have been reported to be closely associated with numerous human diseases, including cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). However, the number of miRNAs known to be involved in CCA is limited, and the association between miR­132­3p and CCA remains unknown. In the present study, the clinical role of miR­132­3p and its potential signaling pathways were investigated by multiple approaches. Reverse transcription­quantitative PCR (RT­qPCR), CCA­associated Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), ArrayExpress and Sequence Read Archive (SRA) miRNA­microarray or miRNA­sequencing data were screened, and meta­analyses were conducted, in order to calculate the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and standardized mean difference (SMD). The predicted target genes of miR­132­3p were obtained from 12 online databases and were combined with the downregulated differentially expressed genes identified in the RNA­sequencing data of CCA. Gene Ontology annotation and pathway analysis were performed in WebGestalt. Protein­protein interaction analyses were conducted in STRING. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) mRNA expression profiles were used to validate the expression levels of hub genes at the mRNA level. The Human Protein Atlas was used to identify the protein expression levels of hub genes in CCA tissues and non­tumor biliary epithelium. The meta­analyses comprised 10 groups of RT­qPCR data, eight GEO microarray datasets and one TCGA miRNA­sequencing dataset. The SMD of miR­132­3p in CCA was 0.75 (95% CI: 0.25, 1.24), which indicated that miR­132­3p was overexpressed in CCA tissues. This finding was supported by a summary ROC value of 0.80 (95% CI: 0.76, 0.83). The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.81 (95% CI: 0.59, 0.93) and 0.71 (95% CI: 0.58, 0.81), respectively. The relative expression level of miR­132­3p in the early stage of CCA (stages I­II) was 6.8754±0.5279, which was markedly lower than that in the advanced stage (stages III­IVB), 7.3034±0.3267 (P=0.003). Consistently, the miR­132­3p level in low­grade CCA (grades G1­G2) was 6.7581±0.5297, whereas it was 7.1191±0.4651 in patients with high­grade CCA (grades G3­G4) (P=0.037). Furthermore, 555 potential target genes of miR­132­3p in CCA were mainly enriched in the 'Focal Adhesion­PI3K­Akt­mTOR­signaling pathway'. In conclusion, upregulation of miR­132­3p may serve a pivotal role in the tumorigenesis and progression of CCA by targeting different pathways. Further in vitro and in vivo studies are required to support the current findings.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Genômica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transcriptoma , Regulação para Cima
14.
Oncol Lett ; 18(5): 4677-4690, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611977

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a type of malignant tumor that originates in the mucosal epithelial cells of the biliary system. It is a highly aggressive cancer that progresses rapidly, has low surgical resection rates and a high recurrence. At present, no prognostic molecular biomarker for CCA has been identified. However, CCA progression is affected by mRNA precursors that modify gene expression levels and protein structures through alternative splicing (AS) events, which create molecular indicators that may potentially be used to predict CCA outcomes. The present study aimed to construct a model to predict CCA prognosis based on AS events. Using prognostic data available from The Cancer Genome Atlas, including the percent spliced index of AS events obtained from TCGASpliceSeq in 32 CCA cases, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to assess the associations between AS events and the overall survival (OS) rates of patients with CCA. Additional multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify AS events that were significantly associated with prognosis, which were used to construct a prediction model with a prognostic index (PI). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the predictive value of the PI, and Pearson's correlation analysis was used to determine the association between OS-related AS events and splicing factors. A total of 38,804 AS events were identified in 9,673 CCA genes, among which univariate Cox regression analysis identified 1,639 AS events associated with OS (P<0.05); multivariate Cox regression analysis narrowed this list to 23 CCA AS events (P<0.001). The final PI model was constructed to predict the survival of patients with CCA; the ROC curve demonstrated that it had a high predictive power for CCA prognosis, with a highest area under the curve of 0.986. Correlations between 23 OS-related AS events and splicing factors were also noted, and may thus, these AS events may be used to improve predictions of OS. In conclusion, AS events exhibited potential for predicting the prognosis of patients with CCA, and thus, the effects of AS events in CCA required further examination.

15.
IET Syst Biol ; 13(5): 225-233, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538956

RESUMO

Altered miRNA expression participates in the biological progress of thyroid carcinoma and functions as a diagnostic marker or therapeutic agent. However, the role of miR-7-2-3p is currently unclear. The authors' study was the first investigation of miR-7-2-3p expression level and diagnostic ability in several public databases. Potential target genes were obtained from DIANA Tools, and function enrichment analysis was then performed. Furthermore, the authors examined expression levels of potential targets in the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) and the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Finally, the potential transcription factors (TFs) were predicted by JASPAR. TCGA, GSE62054, GSE73182, GSE40807, and GSE55780 revealed that miR-7-2-3p expression in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) tissues was notably lower compared with non-tumour tissues, while its expression in E-MATB-736 showed no remarkable difference. Function enrichment analysis showed that 698 genes were enriched in pathways, including pathways in cancer, and glioma. CCND1, GSK3B, and ITGAV of pathways in cancer were inverse correlations with miR-7-2-3p in both post-transcription and protein levels. According to the TF prediction, the prospective upstream TFs of miR-7-2-3p were ISX, SPI1, PRRX1, and BARX1. MiR-7-2-3p was significantly down-regulated and may act on PTC progression by crucial pathways. However, the mechanisms of miR-7-2-3p need further investigation.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Progressão da Doença , Genômica , Humanos , Curva ROC , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/metabolismo , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
16.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(9): 658, 2019 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506425

RESUMO

Nitidine chloride (NC) has been demonstrated to have an anticancer effect in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the mechanism of action of NC against HCC remains largely unclear. In this study, three pairs of NC-treated and NC-untreated HCC xenograft tumour tissues were collected for circRNA sequencing analysis. In total, 297 circRNAs were differently expressed between the two groups, with 188 upregulated and 109 downregulated, among which hsa_circ_0088364 and hsa_circ_0090049 were validated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The in vitro experiments showed that the two circRNAs inhibited the malignant biological behaviour of HCC, suggesting that they may play important roles in the development of HCC. To elucidate whether the two circRNAs function as "miRNA sponges" in HCC, we identified circRNA-miRNA and miRNA-mRNA interactions by using the CircInteractome and miRwalk, respectively. Subsequently, 857 miRNA-associated differently expressed genes in HCC were selected for weighted gene co-expression network analysis. Module Eigengene turquoise with 423 genes was found to be significantly related to the survival time, pathology grade and TNM stage of HCC patients. Gene functional enrichment analysis showed that the 423 genes mainly functioned in DNA replication- and cell cycle-related biological processes and signalling cascades. Eighteen hubgenes (SMARCD1, CBX1, HCFC1, RBM12B, RCC2, NUP205, ECT2, PRIM2, RBM28, COPS7B, PRRC2A, GPR107, ANKRD52, TUBA1B, ATXN7L3, FUS, MCM8 and RACGAP1) associated with clinical outcomes of HCC patients were then identified. These findings showed that the crosstalk between hsa_circ_0088364 and hsa_circ_0090049 and their competing mRNAs may play important roles in HCC, providing interesting clues into the potential of circRNAs as therapeutic targets of NC in HCC.


Assuntos
Benzofenantridinas/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais , RNA Circular , RNA Neoplásico , RNA-Seq , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , RNA Circular/biossíntese , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
17.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(7): 4010-4028, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396315

RESUMO

Alternative splicing (AS) has been widely reported to play an important role in cancers, including esophageal carcinoma (ESCA). However, no study has comprehensively investigated the clinical use of combination of prognostic AS events and clinicopathological parameters. Therefore, we collected 165 ESCA patients including 83 esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and 82 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas to explore the survival rate associated with seven types of AS events. Prognostic predictors for the clinical outcomes of ESCA patients were built. Predictive prognosis models of the alternative acceptor site in ESCA (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.83), alternative donor site in EAC (AUC = 0.99), and alternative terminator site in ESCC (AUC = 0.974) showed the best predictive efficacy. A novel combined prognostic model of AS events and clinicopathological parameters in ESCA was also constructed. Combined prognostic models of ESCA all showed better predictive efficacy than independent AS models or clinicopathological parameters model. Through constructing splicing regulatory network, the expression of AS factor was found to be negatively correlated with the most favorable AS events. Moreover, gene amplification, mutation, and copy number variation of AS genes were commonly observed, which may indicate the molecular mechanism of how the AS events influence survival. Conclusively, the constructed prognostic models based on AS events, especially the combined prognostic models of AS signatures and clinicopathological parameters could be used to predict the outcome of ESCA patients. Moreover, the splicing regulatory network and genomic alteration in ESCA could be used for illuminating the potential molecular mechanism.

18.
Int J Oncol ; 55(2): 425-438, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268164

RESUMO

Alternative splicing in tumor cells may be used as a molecular marker for the differential diagnosis of certain tumor types and assessment of prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations among alternative splicing events, splicing factors, and the survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The alternative splicing event profiles of 371 patients with HCC were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) SpliceSeq data, and the percent­splice­in value for each splicing event was calculated. The association between alternative splicing events and overall survival was evaluated. The most significant prognosis­related splicing events were used to build up a prognostic index (PI). A total of 3,082 survival­associated alternative splicing events were detected in HCC. The final PI based on all of the most significant candidate alternative splicing events exhibited better performance in distinguishing good or poor survival in patients compared to the PI based on a single type of splicing event. Receiver operating characteristic curves confirmed the high efficiency of the PI in predicting the survival of HCC patients, with an area under the curve of 0.914. The overexpression of 32 prognosis­related splicing factor genes could also predict poor prognosis in patients with HCC. In conclusion, the constructed computational prognostic model based on HCC­specific alternative splicing events may be used as a molecular marker for the prognosis of HCC.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/secundário , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(7): 152424, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Extensive research has revealed that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a principle role in cancer, and miRNAs associated with specific cancers have also been identified. The role of microRNA (miR)-302b-5p, which is one of the miRNAs reported in association with cancer, in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still unclear. Thus, the present study aimed to reveal the expression and potential molecule mechanism of miR-302b-5p in HCC. METHODS: An extensive meta-analysis of data from real-time reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), Gene Expression Omnibus and ArrayExpress microarrays was used to determine the expression of miR-302b-5p in HCC tissue samples and non-cancerous liver tissue samples. The sensitivity and specificity of miR-302b-5p as an indicator of HCC was estimated by plotting the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and summarized ROC (sROC). Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses were employed to unravel the molecular mechanisms and biological functions of miR-302b-5p in HCC. Further, the putative target genes of miR-302b-5p were harvested based on the predicted genes and differentially expressed genes in HCC. Finally, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was built to determine the hub genes. RESULTS: According to the RT-qPCR results, the expression of miR-302b-5p was pronouncedly decreased in 39 HCC tissue samples as compared to 39 non-cancerous liver tissue samples. The standard mean difference (SMD) values of all the samples used in the meta-analysis also indicated lower miR-302b-5p expression in the 558 HCC tissue samples than in the 286 non-cancerous liver tissue samples. ROC and sROC analyses showed that miR-302b-5p had good specificity and sensitivity for distinguishing HCC tissue from non-cancerous liver tissue. Bioinformatics analyses identified 227 putative genes, and these genes were evidently enriched in the processes of organelle fission, chromosome and chromatin binding and were centralized in a "lysosome" pathway. The PPI network indicated that DNA topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2 A) was the most prominent hub gene of miR-302b-5p in HCC. Interestingly, according to the TCGA and Genotype-Tissue Expression databases, the mRNA and protein expression of TOP2 A were both elevated in HCC tissue samples as compared to non-cancerous liver tissue samples, and the overall survival and disease-free survival revealed that a high level of TOP2 A might reflect poor HCC outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that miR-302b-5p might suppress HCC progression, and TOP2 A might be a potential target of miR-302b-5p in HCC. However, in-depth in vivo and in vitro experiments are required to verify these findings and explore the mechanisms involved.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Simulação por Computador , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/genética , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética
20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(7): 2082-2097, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alternative splicing events have been increasingly reported for anomalous perturbations in various cancers, including papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). METHODS: Integration analysis of RNA sequencing and clinical information were utilized to identify survival associated splicing events in PTC. Then, several prognosis-related splicing events were submitted to develop moderate predictors for survival monitoring by using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator model. In addition, several biomedical computational algorithms were conducted to identify pathways enriched by genes with prognostic splicing events and construct regulatory network dominated by splicing factors. RESULTS: Survival analysis in 496 PTC patients indicated that TNM stage, tumor stage, distant metastasis and tumor status were significantly correlated with PTC patients' progression-free interval. 2799 splicing events were identified as prognostic molecular events. Functional enrichment analysis suggested that prognostic splicing events are associated with several energy metabolism-related processes. Based on these prognostic events, several prognostic signatures were developed. The final prognostic signature acted as an independent prognostic factor after adjusting for several clinical parameters. Interestingly, splicing regulatory network was constructed to display potential regulatory mechanisms of splicing events in PTC. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis provides the status of splicing events involved in the progression and may represent an underappreciated hallmark of PTC.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/genética , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/mortalidade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...