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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1740-1748, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492338

RESUMO

Pure CuC2O4·xH2O and CuC2O4·xH2O/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composites are synthesized by a low-temperature hydrothermal process. The structure and morphology of the products are analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and Raman spectrum. The results demonstrate that the as-prepared CuC2O4·xH2O takes on a microsphere-like morphology, all CuC2O4·xH2O/CNTs nanocomposites are constructed by the intertwining of tabular CuC2O4·xH2O nanoparticles (NPs) and CNTs to form a tanglesome net. When evaluated as an anode materials for lithium ion batteries (LIBs), all CuC2O4·xH2O/CNTs electrodes possess higher reversible discharge capacities (more than 1000 mAh g-1) than the pure CuC2O4·xH2O, up to 200th cycle at a current density of 100 mA g-1. The results illustrate that the addition of CNTs can enhance the electrochemical performance of CuC2O4·xH2O. Overall, CuC2O4·xH2O/CNTs composite can be a promising candidate used as a promising anode for LIBs.

2.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 103: 103528, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654647

RESUMO

Interferon regulatory factor 9 (IRF9) plays a crucial role in JAK-STAT signaling in human and mammal. However, the relationship between IRF9 and STAT1 in teleost fish remains largely unknown. The previous study has elucidated that two STAT1 isoforms (bcSTAT1a and bcSTAT1b) of black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) play an important role during the innate immune activation initiated by grass carp reovirus (GCRV). In this paper, black carp IRF9 (bcIRF9) has been identified and characterized. bcIRF9 was distributed majorly in the nucleus and the linker domain (LD) of bcIRF9 was vital for its nuclear localization. bcIRF9 showed ISRE-inducing activity in reporter assay and presented antiviral activity against GCRV in plaque assay, in which both DNA binding domain (DBD) and LD of bcIRF9 were essential for its antiviral signaling. bcIRF9 was identified to interact with both bcSTAT1a and bcSTAT1b in the co-immunoprecipitation assay. It was interesting that bcIRF9-mediated antiviral signaling was up-regulated by bcSTAT1a; however, down-regulated by bcSTAT1b. Thus, our data support the conclusion that bcIRF9 plays an important role in the innate immune defense against GCRV, in which two STAT1 proteins function differently.

3.
Ophthalmic Physiol Opt ; 39(6): 451-458, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696541

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the differences in mean ocular dimensions between urban and rural children and identify possible influencing factors. METHODS: This work uses previously published data from the Shandong Children Eye Study, which was based on a random cluster sampling applied to a cross-sectional school-based study design in the rural Guanxian County and Weihai city. All children underwent auto-refractometry and biometry under cycloplegia. RESULTS: The study included 3290 children (aged 9.35 ± 2.93 years), consisting of 888 pairs of boys and 757 pairs of girls matched by sex, age and refractive error (each pair matching one child from urban cohort with one from the rural cohort). Overall urban children were significantly taller and heavier than rural children (t-test; p < 0.001), which was confirmed for all age groups for weight. Urban ocular axial lengths were significantly longer by 0.23 mm compared to the rural population (t-test; p < 0.001), mostly in younger children and boys. Meanwhile, corneal curvatures were flatter in the urban cohort by 0.08 mm (p < 0.001). This association of axial length with urban vs rural region was reduced in magnitude by 69.7% after accounting for height. CONCLUSIONS: For the same, matched refractive error, children from urban regions had significantly longer eyes and flatter corneal curvature than rural children. Since corneal curvature is defined during the first 2 years of life, early environmental factors may be the source of these differences in ocular dimensions.

4.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 172791, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712057

RESUMO

It is widely known that visceral pain is more prevalent in women than in men, and this phenomenon is interpreted as a consequence of the gonadal hormone modulation of pain perception and transduction. Uterine cervical distension might cause obstetric and gynecologic pain with clinical relevance to visceral pain. In this study, we focused on the roles of 17ß-estradiol and progesterone in visceral nociception with the use of a rat model of uterine cervical distension. Female ovariectomized rats were injected with 17ß-estradiol (E2) or progesterone (P4) for 21 days, after which visceral pain-induced spinal c-fos expression and visceromotor reflex changes were compared between ovariectomized and hormone-substituted groups. We found that uterine cervical distension induced a drastic increase in spinal c-fos expression and visceromotor reflex activity, and ovariectomy inhibited the increase in c-fos expression induced by visceral pain; this inhibition was reversed by estrogen but not progesterone replacement. This study demonstrates that estrogen is involved in uterine cervical nociception, while progesterone plays less of a significant role.

5.
Biosci Rep ; 39(11)2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710085

RESUMO

Sevoflurane was found to show protective roles in mice with asthma, however, the mechanism of which needs further exploring. Aquaporins (AQPs) have been demonstrated to be involved in the pathogenesis of asthma, while endoplasmic reticulum stress has been reported to be related to many inflammatory diseases and involved in protein processing, including AQPs. The present study aimed to determine the role of sevoflurane in AQPs (AQP1,3,4,5) expression in mice with allergic airway inflammation and the probable mechanism. The increased number of inflammatory cells infiltrating the lung tissue, and the elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL) 13 (IL-13) were all decreased after sevoflurane treatment (all P<0.05). Meanwhile, mRNA levels of AQP1 and AQP5 but not AQP3 and AQP4 were decreased in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic mice lung. Both the decreased mRNA expression and protein levels of AQP1 and AQP5 in allergic lung tissues were reversed by sevoflurane treatment. Furthermore, we established that sevoflurane inhibited the OVA-induced protein increase in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers BiP and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP). Collectively, these findings suggested that sevoflurane modulated the expression and protein level of AOPs (AQP1, AQP5) as well as inhibited ER stress response in OVA-induced allergic airway inflammation of mice.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713412

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are powerful toolkits to directly correlate structure-function relationships due to their well-defined structures. In this work, 5,15-di(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)porphyrin (DTPP) and 5,10,15,20-tetra(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)porphyrin (TTPP) are reacted with zirconium ions to afford two MOFs (Zr-DTPP and Zr-TTPP) with acid and base tolerance in the pH range of 1.0-14.0. Powder X-ray diffraction investigation combined with Rietveld refinement reveals the J-aggregated porphyrin building blocks confined by benzene-1,2,3-trisolate-zirconium chains in the newly prepared Zr-DTPP. Electron spin-resonance, singlet-oxygen determination, and sulfides oxidation experiments demonstrate a much better singlet-oxygen evolution of J-aggregated Zr-DTPP than that of unaggregated Zr-TTPP reported previously, in good contrast to the weaker photocatalytic capability disclosed for DTPP than that for TTPP in solution, consummating the theory of photosensitizer J-aggregation in boosting heterogeneous photoinduced singlet-oxygen generation.

7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730989

RESUMO

A novel acid polysaccharide (PPRLMF-2) with the Mw of 137,123 Da and a triple-helix conformation was first isolated from the pulp of Rosa laevigata Michx fruit. Structural characterization showed that PPRLMF-2 consisted of rhamnose (7.6%), arabinose (26.5%), xylose (3.5%), mannose (0.9%), glucose (5.7%), galactose (31.9%) and galacturonic acid (23.9%). The methylation and NMR (1D and 2D) analysis revealed that PPRLMF-2 contained 16 types of glycosidic linkages. The immunomodulatory activity assays indicated that PPRLMF-2 could significantly enhance phagocytosis, the secretion and mRNA expression of cytokines in RAW 264.7 cells. Additionally, SR, GR, TLR-2, and TLR-4 were the main pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) of PPRLMF-2 to upregulate the p-ERK, p-JNK, p-p38, and p-p65. These results suggested that PPRLMF-2 could recognize the PRRs of the macrophages to enhance the immunomodulatory activity via activation of the MAPKs and NF-κB signaling pathways. This study provides important implications of PPRLMF-2 as an attractive immunomodulatory functional food.

8.
Bioresour Technol ; : 122337, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727559

RESUMO

The shortage of food based feedstocks is a challenge in industrial biomanufacturing. In this study, genetically modified Escherichia coli strains were used to produce isopropanol as the mainly product from acetate, a cost-effective nonfood-based substrate. The isopropanol biosynthesis pathway was constructed by combining genes from Clostridium acetobutylicum (thlA, adc), E. coli (atoDA) and Clostridium beijerinckii (adh). E. coli MG1655 harboring the isopropanol biosynthesis pathway successfully produced isopropanol and low amounts of acetone from pure acetate. The enhancement of the acetate assimilation pathway coupled with cofactor engineering strategy further improved the production of isopropanol to 18.5 mM with a yield of 0.26 mol/mol. With simple treatment, two kinds of biologically produced acetate were utilized to generate 16.7 and 24.5 mM isopropanol with yields of 0.25 and 0.56 mol/mol, respectively. Engineered E. coli with an optimized isopropanol biosynthesis pathway can efficiently utilize biologically produced acetate to synthesize isopropanol.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733238

RESUMO

A novel polysaccharide with a molecular weight of 12.3 kDa, was isolated from the root of Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi using cold water extraction method. Methylation analysis, Periodate oxidation, Smith degradation, and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis showed that 1,4-α-D-Glcp and 1,3,6-α-D-Glcp were the main linkage types of this polysaccharide. It exhibited immunomodulatory activity by enhancing the pinocytic and phagocytic capacities and promoting the secretion of nitric oxide, interleukin (IL)-6, and tumor necrosis factor alpha by RAW 264.7 cells. The beta glucan receptor, scavenger receptor I, and toll-like receptor 4 were identified as the main receptors of the polysaccharide on the membrane of RAW 264.7 cells. These results suggested that this polysaccharide is a candidate functional food supplement for hypoimmune populations.

10.
Life Sci ; 239: 117067, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738882

RESUMO

AIMS: Both CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN) and melatonin have been reported to induce Th1 response and contribute to allergic asthma resistance. Here, we aimed to reveal how they confer such effect as well as whether they crosstalk with each other. MAIN METHODS: Six-week-old Female C57BL/6 mice were challenged by OVA to induce allergic airway inflammation, and were treated with CpG-ODN, CpG-ODN plus Luzindole or melatonin respectively. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cellularity was classified and counted by Wright's-Giemsa staining. HE and PAS staining were used to analyze airway inflammation. The levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13,GM-CSF and IFN-γ, as well as IL-1ß and IL-18 were analyzed by ELISA. Protein expressions of ASMT, AANAT, NLRP3, IL-1ß and caspase-1 in lung tissue were detected by Western blotting, expression of ASMT and AANAT were further observed by immunohistochemistry. KEY FINDINGS: We found that CpG-ODN considerably suppressed OVA-induced airway leukocytes infiltration, goblet cell hyperplasia and Th2 cytokines production. Furthermore, the resolution effect of CpG-ODN on OVA-induced allergic airway inflammation occurred in parallel with decreased-activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and increased biosynthesis of melatonin. Blocking the effect of endogenous melatonin by Luzindole abolished the suppressive effect of CpG-ODN on OVA-induced airway inflammation and activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, suggesting such effect was mediated by endogenous melatonin. Moreover, exogenous melatonin pronouncedly ameliorated airway inflammation and decreased the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. SIGNIFICANCE: These results proven that CpG-ODN protects against allergic airway inflammation via suppressing the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, and such effect may be resulted from the restored-production of melatonin.

11.
Science ; 366(6461): 132-135, 2019 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604316

RESUMO

Quantum mechanics and the general theory of relativity are two pillars of modern physics. However, a coherent unified framework of the two theories remains an open problem. Attempts to quantize general relativity have led to many rival models of quantum gravity, which, however, generally lack experimental foundations. We report a quantum optical experimental test of event formalism of quantum fields, a theory that attempts to present a coherent description of quantum fields in exotic spacetimes containing closed timelike curves and ordinary spacetime. We experimentally test a prediction of the theory with the quantum satellite Micius that a pair of time-energy-entangled particles probabilistically decorrelate passing through different regions of the gravitational potential of Earth. Our measurement results are consistent with the standard quantum theory and hence do not support the prediction of event formalism.

12.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 220, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD38+ NK cells are overabundant in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G) is an inhibitor of CD38. This study investigated the pathogenic role of CD38+ NK cells and the effect of C3G on RA. METHODS: Rats with bovine type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were injected with C3G. RA synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) or mononuclear cells (MNCs) were cultured with C3G. MNCs were also cocultured with CD38+ NK cells following C3G pretreatment. RESULTS: C3G injection significantly alleviated CIA. C3G also significantly increased the level of interleukin (IL)-10 and the regulatory T (Treg) cell proportion, and it decreased the interleukin (IL)-6 and interferon (IFN)-γ levels and CD38+ NK cell proportion in rat peripheral blood and synovial fluid. Additionally, C3G significantly increased RASF apoptosis and decreased RASF proliferation and IL-6 production in the culture medium. Furthermore, C3G stimulated MNCs to increase IL-2 and IL-10 production and the Treg cell proportion, and it caused MNCs to decrease IL-6 and IFN-γ production and the CD38+ NK cell proportion. Although CD38+ NK cells significantly decreased the Treg cell proportion and IL-10 level in MNCs, CD38+ NK cells that had been pretreated with C3G increased the proportion of Treg cells and IL-10 levels and decreased the IL-6 and IFN-γ levels in the coculture. In CD38+ NK cells, C3G significantly increased Sirtuin 6 (Sirt6) expression and the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α level, and it decreased natural killer group 2D (NKG2D) expression and the IFN-γ level. However, when CD38+ NK cells were treated with Sirt6 siRNA, C3G did not change the NKG2D expression, the TNF-α level sharply decreased, and the IFN-γ level increased. When MNCs were cocultured with C3G-pretreated CD38+ NK cells in the presence of TNF-α and an anti-IFN-γ antibody, the IL-10+ Treg cell proportion significantly increased. When MNCs were cocultured with C3G-pretreated CD38+ NK cells in the presence of IFN-γ and an anti-TNF-α antibody, the IL-10+ Treg cell proportion sharply decreased. When CIA rats were injected with both C3G and the Sirt6 inhibitor OSS_128167, the rats exhibited joint inflammation and a low Treg cell proportion, but the CD38+ NK proportion was still low. CONCLUSION: C3G has therapeutic effects on CIA and RA. C3G decreased the proportion of CD38+ cells, RASF proliferation, and proinflammatory cytokine secretion, and it increased the Treg cell proportion. C3G also elevated Sirt6 expression to suppress NKG2D expression, increase TNF-α secretion, and decrease IFN-γ secretion in CD38+ NK cells, which stimulates MNCs to differentiate into Treg cells. This study also demonstrates that the inhibition of Treg cell differentiation in MNCs by CD38+ NK cells is a potential cause of the immune imbalance in RA and CIA.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609093

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder and the primary cause of age-related dementia. The etiology of AD is complex and has not been completely elucidated. Herein, we report that treatment with elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs), a component of the brain extracellular matrix (ECM), significantly increased the levels of AD-related amyloid-ß peptides (Aß) both in vitro and in vivo. Regarding the molecular mechanism(s), the upregulation of Aß levels was related to increased proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein. Furthermore, nesting tests demonstrated that the ELP-treated animals showed significant neurobehavioral deficits with cognitive impairment. These results suggest that the elastin is associated with AD-related pathological and behavioral changes. This finding presents a new aspect for Alzheimer's amyloidosis event and provides a great promise in developing ELP-based model systems to better understand the pathogenesis of AD.

14.
Qual Life Res ; 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655975

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Dyslipidaemia is a common chronic disease in China but is among the list of diseases treated by basic public health services. In this study, we aimed to use the European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level Scale (EQ-5D-5L) and visual analogue scale (VAS) to compare differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between dyslipidaemic and non-dyslipidaemic individuals in rural China and to explore possible causes for the underlying differences. METHODS: This study examined 10,115 participants from 22 rural communities in Xinxiang County, Henan Province, China. The study participants were interviewed between March and June 2017. Generalised linear and Tobit regression models were used to analyse factors affecting participants' HRQoL. RESULTS: Of 10,115 participants, 4355 had dyslipidaemia. The mean utility index was 0.953 (standard deviation = 0.119). Pain/discomfort (20.83%) and problems with mobility (15.91%) and self-care (3.75%) were frequently reported. Regression models revealed that patients with low utility index scores were older, ex-smokers, non-tea drinkers, and less active, consumed less fruit, lived in areas with a low socioeconomic status; and were less educated. Patients also had poorer sleep quality and mental health scores and suffered from chronic diseases. Cohen's D effect size for age, sleep quality, non-communicable diseases, and depression was ≥ 0.4. CONCLUSION: The prevalence rate of dyslipidaemia was 43.05%, and it was correlated with a lower HRQoL. Age, sleep quality, non-communicable diseases, and depression may be significant predictors of the utility index and VAS scores. Patients were unaware of the risks of dyslipidaemia caused by an unhealthy lifestyle.

15.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 144: 292-299, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600710

RESUMO

Arbuscular mycorrhizas absorb water from soil to host plants, while the relationship between mycorrhizas and aquaporins (AQPs, membrane water channel proteins, which function in water transport) in mycorrhizal plants is unclear. In this study, Funneliformis mosseae-colonized trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata) seedlings were grown in pots fitted with 37-µm nylon meshes at the bottom of each pot to allow mycorrhizal hyphae absorb water from an outer beaker. The expression of seven plasma membrane intrinsic proteins (PIPs) genes, six tonoplast intrinsic proteins (TIPs) genes, and four nodulin-26 like intrinsic proteins (NIPs) genes were analyzed in roots of both well-watered (WW) and drought stressed (DS) plants. The six-week DS plants dramatically increased hyphal water absorption rate by 1.4 times, as compared with WW plants. Mycorrhizal plants exhibited greater plant growth performance, leaf water status (water potential and relative water content), and gas exchange under both WW and DS conditions. Mycorrhizal inoculation induced diverse expression patterns in these AQPs under WW: up-regulation of PtNIP1;1, PtPIP2;1, and PtPIP2;5, down-regulation of PtNIP1;2, PtNIP6;1, PtPIP1;2, PtPIP1;5, PtPIP2;8, PtTIP1;1, PtTIP1;2, PtTIP1;3, and PtTIP5;1, and no changes in other AQPs. However, the expression of PtPIPs and PtNIPs was down-regulated by mycorrhizal inoculation under DS, and PtTIPs was not induced by mycorrhizal colonization under DS. The expression pattern of AQPs in response to mycorrhizas under DS is a way of mycorrhizal plants to minimize water loss.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659719

RESUMO

The development of simple, low-cost, and specific detection method for mercury (Hg(II)) ions in aqueous media using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) is a challenge due to matrix interferences and acidity that destroy weak interactions. Herein, a new binary matrix consists of mefenamic acid, and thymine (T) is applied for simple and specific detection of Hg(II) in aqueous solution and blood sample. Mass spectra show metal-to-ligand ratio of 1:2 (Hg(II):T) in which Hg(II) ions are bound to two T molecules and two water molecules, i.e., [Hg(T)2(H2O)2]. The method is simple and fast, and requires cheap reagents. In addition, the spectra show extremely specific signals for Hg(II) ions and insignificant signals in case of other competing metal ions. The concept of our protocol can be applied for other metals. The new matrix may be used for the analysis of small molecules with minimal interferences peaks.

17.
Int J Pharm Pract ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the impact of a pharmacist-led anticoagulation service on international normalised ratio (INR) control and other outcomes among patients receiving warfarin therapy at a tertiary hospital in Zhuhai, China. METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, adult patients who were newly initiated on warfarin with intended treatment duration of at least 3 months were recruited. Participants were randomly allocated to receive the pharmacist-led education and follow-up service (PEFS) or usual care (UC). Anticoagulation control was calculated as the proportions of time within the target INR range (TTR) and time within the expanded target range (TER). KEY FINDINGS: A total of 152 participants (77 in the PEFS group and 75 in the UC group) were included. Within 180 days after hospital discharge, the PEFS group spent more TER than the UC group (54.4% versus 42.0%; P = 0.024), whereas the difference in TTR did not reach statistical significance (35.9% versus 29.5%; P = 0.203). No major bleeding events were observed, and the cumulative incidences of major thromboembolic events (6.5% versus 9.3%) and mortality (1.3% versus 1.3%) were similar between the two groups (P> 0.05). At 30 days postdischarge, the PEFS group had better warfarin knowledge by answering 57.5% of questions correctly, compared with the UC group (43.0%) (P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: The PEFS markedly enhanced anticoagulation control and warfarin knowledge but there was room for improvement. The expansion of pharmacists' clinical role and the development of more effective education and follow-up strategies are warranted to optimise anticoagulation management services in China.

18.
Cells ; 8(10)2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640262

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori colonizes human gastric epithelial cells and contributes to the development of several gastrointestinal disorders. Interleukin (IL)-33 is involved in various immune responses, with reported proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects, which may be associated with colitis and colitis-associated cancer. IL-33 induces the inflammatory cascade through its receptor, suppression of tumorigenicity-2 (ST-2). Binding of IL-33 to membrane-bound ST-2 (mST-2) recruits the IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RAcP) and activates intracellular signaling pathways. However, whether IL-33/ST-2 is triggered by H. pylori infection and whether this interaction occurs in lipid rafts remain unclear. Our study showed that both IL-33 and ST-2 expression levels were significantly elevated in H. pylori-infected cells. Confocal microscopy showed that ST-2 mobilized into the membrane lipid rafts during infection. Depletion of membrane cholesterol dampened H. pylori-induced IL-33 and IL-8 production. Furthermore, in vivo studies revealed IL-33/ST-2 upregulation, and severe leukocyte infiltration was observed in gastric tissues infected with H. pylori. Together, these results demonstrate that ST-2 recruitment into the lipid rafts serves as a platform for IL-33-dependent H. pylori infection, which aggravates inflammation in the stomach.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637746

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common form of arrhythmia and increases the risk of stroke and heart failure (HF). Pulmonary veins (PVs) are important sources of triggers that generate AF, and calcium (Ca2+ ) overload participates in PV arrhythmogenesis. Neurohormonal activation is an important cause of AF. Higher atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) level predicts paroxysmal AF occurrence in HF patients. However, it is not clear if ANP directly modulates electrophysiological characteristics and Ca2+ homeostasis in the PVs. Conventional microelectrodes, whole-cell patch-clamp, and the Fluo-3 fluorimetric ratio technique were performed using isolated rabbit PV preparations or single isolated PV cardiomyocytes before and after ANP administration. We found that ANP (1, 10, and 100 nmol/L) concentration-dependently decreased spontaneous activity in PV preparations. ANP (100 nmol/L) decreased isoproterenol (1 µmol/L)-induced PV spontaneous activity and burst firing. AP811 (100 nmol/L, NPR-C agonist), H89 (1µmol/L, PKA inhibitor) decreased isoproterenol-induced PV spontaneous activity or burst firing, but successive administration of ANP had no further effect on PV activity. KT5823 (1 µmol/L, PKG inhibitor) decreased isoproterenol-induced PV spontaneous activity but did not change isoproterenol-induced PV burst firing, whereas successive administration of ANP did not change isoproterenol-induced PV burst firing. ANP decreased intracellular Ca2+ transient and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ content in single PV cardiomyocytes. ANP decreased the late sodium current, L-type Ca2+ current, but did not change nickel-sensitive Na+ -Ca2+ exchanger current in single PV cardiomyocytes. In conclusion, ANP directly regulates PV electrophysiological characteristics and Ca2+ homeostasis and attenuates isoproterenol-induced arrhythmogenesis through NPR-C/cAMP/PKA signal pathway.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(92): 13816-13819, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664282

RESUMO

Efficient cathode-ray scintillating metal-organic frameworks are constructed from a π-conjugated luminescent motif and light Ca(ii) ions. The luminescence self-quenching pathway has been effectively hindered through coordination. In situ vacuum ultraviolet fluorescent spectra have shown the excitons recombining in the scintillation process for the first time.

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