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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(37): 3006-3011, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638192

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between resilience and cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Fifty-nine patients with first-episode schizophrenia and 86 healthy controls were enrolled. Patients with schizophrenia were enrolled from the psychiatric outpatient and inpatient Department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from September 2017 to January 2020, while healthy controls were recruited through advertising. The levels of resilience and cognitive function were compared between the two groups.Meanwhile, the partial correlation analysis of resilience and cognitive function of the two groups was performed. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in gender, marriage and age between the two groups (all P>0.05), and there were 39 males and 20 females with an average age of (23.8±7.4) years in the schizophrenia group, while 47 males and 39 females with an average age of (22.9±4.7) years in the healthy control group. However, there was a significant difference inyears of education between the two groups (P<0.05). The total score of resilience [(56.9±16.7) vs(68.0±14.4)] and scores ofthree factorsin patients with schizophrenia were significantly lower than that in healthy controls(all P<0.05). The total score of MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB)[(23±12) vs (42±11)] and each subscale score in patients with schizophrenia were significantly lower than that in healthy controls(all P<0.05). Partial correlation analysis showed that the total score of resilience and tenacity were correlated with symbol coding of schizophrenia(partial correlation coefficients were 0.286, 0.289, respectively, both P<0.05). The total score of resilience and the scores of tenacity, strength and optimism were all correlated with emotion management ability of schizophrenia(partial correlation coefficients were 0.334, 0.271, 0.382, 0.308, respectively, all P<0.05). In the healthy controls, the total score of resilience, tenacity and optimism were correlated with symbol coding(partial correlation coefficients were 0.268, 0.225, 0.291, respectively, all P<0.05). Strength and optimism were correlated with Hopkins verbal learning test (HVLT)(partial correlation coefficients were 0.268, 0.225, respectively, both P<0.05). Strength was correlated with spatial span, continuous performance test(partial correlation coefficients were 0.244, 0.217, respectively, bothP<0.05). The total scores of resilience and tenacity, strength and optimism were correlated with emotional management ability(partial correlation coefficients were 0.306, 0.230, 0.286, 0.289, respectively, all P<0.05), while the total scores of resilience, strength and optimism were correlated with the total score of MCCB(partial correlation coefficients were 0.291, 0.359, 0.287, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusion: The current study suggests that resilience and cognitive function of patients with first-episode schizophrenia areimpaired significantly. Resilience in patients with schizophrenia isrelated to partial neurocognitive function and emotion management ability in social cognitive function.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos , Esquizofrenia , Adolescente , Adulto , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Aprendizagem Verbal , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 387-395, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505446

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the changes of small molecular metabolites in the larvae of a deltamethrin-sensitive strain of Anopheles sinensis following exposure to deltamethrin, so as to provide the scientific basis for investigating the metabolic pathway and screening metabolic markers of deltamethrin in An. sinensis. METHODS: The 50% and 75% lethal concentrations (LC50 and LC75) of deltamethrin against the larvae of a deltamethrin-sensitive strain of An. sinensis were calculated in laboratory. The type and content of An. sinensis larvae metabolites were detected using high performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) following exposure to deltamethrin at LC50 and LC75 for 30 min and 24 h, and the changes of metabolites were analyzed. RESULTS: The LC50 and LC75 values of deltamethrin were 4.36 × 10-3 µg/mL and 1.12 × 10-2 µg/mL against thelarvae of a deltamethrin-sensitive strain of An. sinensis. Following exposure of the larvae of a deltamethrin-sensitive strain of An. sinensis to deltamethrin at LC50 and LC75 for 30 min, the differential metabolites mainly included organic oxygen compounds, carboxylic acid and its derivatives, fatty acyl and pyrimidine nucleotides, with reduced glucose levels. Following exposure for 24 h, the differential metabolites mainly included organic oxygen compounds, carboxylic acid and its derivatives, aliphatic acyl and purine nucleotides, with increased glucose level detected. CONCLUSIONS: Carbohydrate, carboxylic acid and its derivatives, fatty acyls, amino acids and their derivatives may play important roles in deltamethrin metabolism in the larvae of a deltamethrin-sensitive strain of An. sinensis.


Assuntos
Anopheles , Inseticidas , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Larva , Nitrilas , Piretrinas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
3.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 420-423, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the surveillance data of schistosomiasis in Xiaogan City, Hubei Province from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide the scientific evidence for understanding the epidemiological changes of schistosomiasis and evaluating the schistosomiasis control strategy. METHODS: A total of 16 surveillance sites were selected in the schistosomiasis endemic foci of Xiaogan City from 2016 to 2020, where Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans, livestock and Oncomelania snails and the schistosomiasis transmission risk were monitored. The schistosomiasis surveillance results were descriptively analyzed. RESULTS: During the period from 2016 to 2020, there was no schistosomiasis emergency epidemic in Xiaogan City. A total of 660 sero-positive individuals were identified in Xiaogan City during the 5-year period, and the seroprevalence of S. japonicum infections reduced from 2.08% in 2016 to 0.97% in 2020. Higher seroprevalence of S. japonicum infections was detected in men than in women, and in individuals at ages of over 60 years than in those at other age groups; however, no egg-positives were detected in humans or livestock. The mean density of living snails was 0.05 to 0.06 snails/0.1 m2 during the 5-year period, and the occurrence of frames with snails increased from 2.99% in 2016 to 3.92% in 2020; however, no S. japonicum infection was found in snails. CONCLUSIONS: The endemic situation of schistosomiasis remarkably decreases in Xiaogan City during the period from 2016 through 2020. Further improvements of the sensitive and effective schistosomiasis surveillance system are required with an emphasis on the monitoring of the schistosomiasis transmission risk and management of floating populations.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose Japônica , Esquistossomose , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Endêmicas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Esquistossomose Japônica/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose Japônica/prevenção & controle , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Caramujos
5.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(3): 613-622, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145871

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct a preoperative evaluation system for partial nephrectomy using CT three-dimensional visualization technology and to explore its practical value. METHODS: The clinical data of the patients who underwent partial nephrectomy for renal tumors in Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital were collected retrospectively. At the same time, the homogenized standard data of patients who underwent partial nephrectomy for renal tumors were collected in 16 clinical centers in China. The CT three-dimensional visualization system was applied (IPS system, Yorktal) to evaluate tumor anatomy, blood supply, perirenal fat and other information. The parameters were summarized to build a three-dimensional nephrometry system, on the basis of which virtual surgery design and intraoperative navigation were completed. RESULTS: A three-dimensional visualization image was established based on the enhanced CT urography. The nephrometry system included the longest diameter and volume of the tumor, proportion volume of tumor invading the parenchyma, maximum depth of the tumor invading the parenchyma, contact surface area, flatness of the tumor surface, renal segment where the tumor was located, vascular variation, and perirenal fat. The average two-dimensional diameter of the tumor was (2.78±1.43) cm, the average three-dimensional maximum diameter was (3.09±1.35) cm, and the average postoperative pathological size was (3.01±1.38) cm. The maximum tumor diameter in the three-dimensional image was significantly related to the prolonged renal artery clamping time and intra-operative blood loss (r=0.502, P=0.020; r=0.403, P=0.046). The three-dimensional and pathological tumor volume were (25.7±48.4) cm3 and (33.0±36.4) cm3, respectively (P=0.229). The tumor volume was significantly related to the intraoperative blood loss (r=0.660, P < 0.001). The proportion volume of the tumor invading into renal parenchyma was significantly related to the prolongation of renal artery clamping and the occurrence of postoperative complications (r=0.410, P=0.041; r=0.587, P=0.005). The tumor contact surface area and the presence of vascular variation did not show correlation with the perioperative data and postoperative complications. While the preoperative evaluation was completed, the reconstructed three-dimensional image could be zoomed, rotated, combined display, color adjustment, transparency, and simulated cutting on the Touch Viewer system. The process generally consisted of showing or hiding the tissue, adjusting the transparency of the interested area, rotating and zooming the image to match the position of the surgical patient. Together, these functions met the requirements of preoperative virtual surgery plan and intraoperative auxiliary navigation. CONCLUSION: Three-dimensional images can provide a more intuitive anatomical structure. The CT three-dimensional visua-lization system clearly displays tumor anatomical parameters, blood supply and perirenal fat. The three-dimensional nephrometry system for renal tumors can help predict the difficulty of partial nephrectomy and perioperative complications. Importing the reconstructed three-dimensional visualization image into the specified program or robot operating system can complete virtual surgery and intraoperative navigation, helping the surgeon to better grasp the surgical process. The indexes included in the nephrometry system and the score weights of each index need to be confirmed and perfected by multi-center study with large samples.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , China , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(3): 566-572, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop machine learning models for predicting intensive care unit (ICU) readmission using ensemble learning algorithms. METHODS: A publicly accessible American ICU database, medical information mart for intensive care (MIMIC)-Ⅲ as the data source was used, and the patients were selected by the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A set of variables that had the predictive ability of outcome including demographics, vital signs, laboratory tests, and comorbidities of patients were extracted from the dataset. We built the ICU readmission prediction models based on ensemble learning methods including random forest, adaptive boosting (AdaBoost), and gradient boosting decision tree (GBDT), and compared the prediction performance of the machine learning models with a conventional Logistic regression model. Five-fold cross validation was used to train and validate the prediction models. Average sensitivity, positive prediction value, negative prediction value, false positive rate, false negative rate, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) and Brier score were used as performance measures. After constructing the prediction models, top 10 predictive variables based on importance ranking were identified by the model with the best discrimination. RESULTS: Among these ICU readmission prediction models, GBDT (AUROC=0.858) had better performance than random forest (AUROC=0.827), and was slightly superior to AdaBoost (AUROC=0.851) in terms of AUROC. Compared with Logistic regression (AUROC=0.810), the discrimination of the three ensemble learning models was much better. The feature importance provided by GBDT showed that the top ranking variables included vital signs and laboratory tests. The patients with ICU readmission had higher mean arterial pressure, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate than the patients without ICU readmission. Meanwhile, the patients readmitted to ICU experienced lower urine output and higher serum creatinine. Overall, the patients having repeated admissions during their hospitalization showed worse heart function and renal function compared with the patients without ICU readmission. CONCLUSION: The ensemble learning based ICU readmission prediction models had better performance than Logistic regression model. Such ensemble learning models have the potential to aid ICU physicians in identifying those patients with high risk of ICU readmission and thus help improve overall clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Readmissão do Paciente , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Aprendizado de Máquina , Curva ROC
7.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(1): 50-55, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794584

RESUMO

Chuugoku Isekikou (, Catalogue of Chinese Medical Literature) has high value in the history of Chinese and Japanese medicine. Through the collation and statistics of the sources of medical books included in this book, this paper sums up the sources of medical books included by the famous Japanese doctors Tanba and his son, who compiled this book. We found nearly 60 percent medical books from Chinese bibliographies and Local Gazetteers. Based on the analysis of all kinds of relevant literature, we studied the rules and compilation ideas of the process of Tanba's collection medical books, and then discovered the contents of the medical books were mainly prescription treatment, not incloud the book of immortal,sexual skill or veterinarian. We also discovered the arrangement of Isekikou was mainly time, and other factors were considered comprehensively.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicina , Médicos , Livros , Humanos , Prescrições
8.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(1): 15-20, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677863

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of MIPSS70-plus in Chinese patients with primary myelofibrosis (PMF) . Methods: A total of 113 Chinese patients with PMF were retrospectively analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method, Log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazard regression model were performed to evaluate the prognostic factors. The likelihood ratio test was used to evaluate the predictive power between MIPSS70-plus and DIPSS systems. Results: The median age of the Chinese patients was 55 (range: 20-70) years, including 71 males and 42 females. According to the standard of MIPSS70-plus system, 99 patients (79.6% ) had a favorable karyotype and 23 patients (20.4% ) had an unfavorable karyotype. JAK2V617F in 55.8% (n=63) , CALR exon9 in 17.7% (including 15 CALR type 1 and 5 CALR type 2, n=20) , MPLW515 in 4.4% (n=5) , and triple negative (no detectable JAK2, MPL, and CALR mutations) in 22.1% of patients in our cohort were found by target-specific next-generation sequencing approach. At least one high-molecular risk mutations were presented in 45.1% (n=51) of patients, with ASXL1 in 38.9% (n=44) , SRSF2 in 7.1% (n=8) , IDH1/2 in 4.4% (n=5) , and EZH2 in 3.5% (n=4) of patients. A total of 28 patients (26.7% ) were in low risk, 20 (19.0% ) in intermediate risk, 41 (39.0% ) in high risk, and 16 (15.3% ) in very-high risk categories, which were delineated for the MIPSS70-plus model. A 2-year OS was 100% in low risk, 89.7% (95% CI 76.2% -100.0% ) in intermediate risk, 64.8% (95% CI 47.0% -82.6% ) in high risk, and 35.0% (95% CI 10.3% -59.7% ) in very-high risk categories, which had a significant difference (P<0.001) . A significantly higher predictive power for survival of the MIPSS70-plus group was observed compared with the DIPSS group (P=0.001, -2 log-likelihood ratios of 86.355 vs 95.990 for the MIPSS70-plus and DIPSS systems, respectively) . Conclusion: The MIPSS70-plus had significantly higher predictive power than the DIPSS.


Assuntos
Mielofibrose Primária , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Calreticulina/genética , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Mielofibrose Primária/diagnóstico , Mielofibrose Primária/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Osteoporos Int ; 32(8): 1669-1677, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576845

RESUMO

In a multi-site longitudinal cohort study, decreasing hemoglobin was associated with increased hip fracture risk in men. Anemia was associated with hip fracture in men and in African American women. Decreasing hemoglobin may be a marker of progressing bone fragility, making its serial measurement useful for fracture risk stratification. INTRODUCTION: Hematopoiesis and bone health are interdependent. Anemia has been associated with risk of fracture in humans. To further elucidate this relationship, we hypothesized that decreasing hemoglobin could indicate defective hematopoiesis and would also predict fracture risk. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis from study baseline (1992) of the Cardiovascular Health Study, a multi-site longitudinal cohort study. A total of 4670 men and women, ages >65 years, who were able to consent and not institutionalized or wheelchair bound, had hemoglobin (Hb) measured in 1992. For 4006 subjects, Hb change from 1989 to 1992 was annualized and divided into sex-specific quartiles. Incident hip fractures were verified against Medicare claims data during a median follow-up of 11.8 years. RESULTS: Nested Cox proportional-hazard models estimated association of hip fracture with anemia (men Hb <13 g/dL, women Hb <12 g/dL) and separately, greatest Hb decrease (versus others). Anemia was associated with increased hip fracture risk in all men (HR 1.59; 95% CI 1.01-2.50) and African American women (HR 3.21; 95% CI 1.07-9.63). In men, an annualized Hb loss of >0.36 g/dL/year was associated with a higher risk of hip fracture (HR 1.67; 95% CI 1.10-2.54), which was lessened by anemia at the start of fracture follow-up (HR 1.53; 95% CI 0.99-2.39). CONCLUSIONS: Decreasing Hb may be an early marker for subsequent hip fracture risk in men, which may be less informative once an anemia threshold is crossed. Only African American women with anemia had increased hip fracture risk, suggesting a race difference in this relationship.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Medicare , Idoso , Feminino , Hemoglobinas , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/etiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
10.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(11): 936-941, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210865

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the incidence, location and etiology of abnormal cardiac uptake in patients underwent oncologic 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography(PET/CT) imaging. Methods: The 18F-FDG PET/CT images of 2000 consecutive patients with suspected or diagnosed malignancy in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2014 to September 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Fasting time was more than 12 hours before imaging, and fasting blood glucose level before 18F-FDG injection was less than 6.7 mmol/L. Focal uptake in the non-basal and non-papillary regions of the left ventricle, uptake in the right ventricle exceeding uptake in the left ventricle, and uptake in the atrium higher than that of the blood pool (when uptake of left ventricle was zero or low) were defined as abnormal, and all abnormal uptake was visually determined by experienced nuclear medicine physicians. General clinical data and the results of cardiac examination were collected to explore the incidence, location and etiology of cardiac diseases. Results: There were 138 patients with history of diabetes (6.90%), 228 patients with history of cardiovascular disease (11.40%) out of the 2 000 patients ((60.5±13.2) years, 1 117 male (55.85%)). The number and proportion of patients with malignancy, benign lesions, diseases of unknown etiology were 939 (46.95%), 484 (24.20%), 557 (28.85%), respectively. Abnormal cardiac uptake was detected in 145 patients (7.3%). The proportion of abnormal uptake in left ventricle, right ventricle and atrium was 52.4% (76 cases), 12.4% (18 cases), 35.2% (51 cases), respectively. Of the 76 individuals who had abnormal uptake in left ventricle, 25 cases (32.9%) were caused by coronary artery disease, and other causes included hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and myocardial damage caused by chemotherapy drugs, etc. Of the 18 cases who had abnormal uptake in right ventricle, 14 cases (14/18) were caused by pulmonary hypertension. In addition, 20 out of the 51 cases (39.3%) with abnormal uptake in atrium suffered from atrial fibrillation. Seventy-one patients with abnormal cardiac uptake (49.0%) had no clear manifestation and evidence of heart disease before imaging. Conclusions: The abnormal 18F-FDG uptake on oncologic PET/CT is not rare. The most common site of abnormal uptake is left ventricle, coronary artery disease, pulmonary hypertension and atrial fibrillation are common causes of abnormal 18F-FDG uptake.


Assuntos
Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(39): 3081-3085, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105959

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the role of peripheral serum complement protein in the pathogenesis of cognitive impairment by analyzing the correlation between peripheral serum levels of complement protein and cognitive function in first-episode drug-naive patients with schizophrenia. Methods: A total of 66 first-episode drug-naive schizophrenics (schizophrenia group) from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and 88 healthy volunteers (control group) were enrolled. Peripheral serum levels of complements (C3, C4 and CH50) were separately examined by liposome immunoassay and turbidimetric inhibition immunoassay. The MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) was used to assess the cognitive function. Results: Peripheral serum levels of C4, but not C3 and CH50, were significantly lower in patients with schizophrenia [0.20(0.16, 0.25) g/L] than those in the control group [0.23 (0.19, 0.27) g/L] (P<0.05). Moreover the peripheral serum levels of C3, C4 and CH50 were positively correlated with MCCB verbal fluency (r=0.258, r=0.283 and r=0.330, all P<0.05), and the peripheral serum levels of CH50 were negatively correlated with attention and alertness (r=-0.257, P<0.05). Conclusion: The decrease of peripheral serum complement C4 protein levels may be involved in the mechamism of cognitive impairment in schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos , Disfunção Cognitiva , Esquizofrenia , Cognição , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento , Humanos
12.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(9): 778-783, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894912

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the value of the diaphragmatic thickening fraction (DTF) combined with the maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP) for the prediction of weaning success in mechanically ventilated patients. Methods: Patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College and on mechanical ventilation for 24 hours from June 2018 to April 2019 were selected as the study subjects. A low-level pressure support ventilation (PSV) method was applied to conduct a spontaneous breathing test (SBT) for 30 minutes after the patients met the screening conditions for clinical weaning; and the patients were weaned when they met the clinical weaning criteria. Before weaning, the patient's MIP was measured. The right hemidiaphragmatic excursion (DE) and the thickness of the diaphragm at the end of inspiration and at the end of exhalation were measured by ultrasound, and the DTF was calculated. The statistical relationship between the DTF, DE and MIP was analyzed. The predictive value for the success of weaning was calculated with the DTF, DE and MIP and was evaluated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: A total of 73 patients were included in this study, including 57 patients who were successfully weaned, and 16 patients who experienced failure. The DTF of the successful weaning group (35%, 8%) was significantly higher than that of the failed weaning group (25%±5%), and the difference was statistically significant (t=6.401, P<0.01). The MIP (34±9 cmH(2)O) in the successful weaning group was significantly higher than that in the failed weaning group (23±3 cmH(2)O), and the difference was statistically significant (t=7.186, P<0.01). The ROCs for the DTF, MIP, and diaphragmatic displacement were 0.907, 0.896, and 0.749, respectively. A DTF ≥ 27.78%, with a sensitivity of 92.98%, a specificity of 81.25%, and an AUC of 0.907 (95% CI: 0.816-0.963), was used as the standard to predict the success of weaning. An MIP>26.5 cmH(2)O, with a sensitivity of 80.7%, a specificity of 93.75%, and an AUC of 0.896 (95% CI: 0.803-0.955), was used as the standard to predict the success of weaning. The AUC of DTF ≥ 27.78% and MIP ≥ 26.5 cmH(2)O was 0.920 (95% CI:0.832-0.971), and the specificity increased to 87.7%, but the sensitivity was slightly reduced to 87.5%. Conclusions: The DTF and MIP play a crucial role in determining the appropriate time and predicting the outcome of weaning of mechanical ventilation patients. Compared with the DTF and MIP alone, the DTF combined with MIP greatly improved the accuracy of predicting successful weaning.


Assuntos
Diafragma , Respiração Artificial , Humanos , Pressões Respiratórias Máximas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Desmame do Respirador
13.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 621-624, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773789

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and pathologic characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and survival of prostatic stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential. METHODS: Overall 14 patients with prostatic stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential were treated from October 2008 to April 2020, the patient age ranged from 27 to 78 years (mean 54 years). The disease duration was 1 to 180 months (mean duration of 46 months). The clinical manifestations mainly included urinary obstructive symptoms and urethral irritating symptoms. The tumors were located in the peripheral zone or the transition zone. Digital rectum examination indicated prostatic tumor. Serum prostatic specific antigen level was always normal or elevated. Transrectal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging indicated prostatic tumor. Magnetic resonance imaging in showed large, round, well-defined masses, which were diffusely heterogeneous signal on T2 weighted imaging. Following the administration of intravenous contrast medium, the lesion had diffuse and heterogeneous enhancement. RESULTS: In the study, 3 cases underwent prostate biopsy, 2 cases underwent transurethral resection of the prostate, 9 cases underwent radical excision or transurethral resection of the prostate with definite diagnosis of pathologic features. Under the light microscope, the interstitial cells of stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential were overgrowth and fusiform cells showed some degree of pleomorphism, nuclei with few mitotic figures, and necrosis was not often seen. Immunohistochemical staining showed that prostate specific antigen was negative, while vimentin was positive in the tumor tissue, CD34, progesterone receptor and smooth muscle actin were positive in the majority, and Ki67 positive index was 1%-20% (mean 6%). Twelve cases were followed-up, and the time of survival varied from 10 to 96 months (mean 65 months), two cases were lost to the follow-up, one case died of disease at the end of 10 months, nine cases were free of disease recurrence after surgery, two cases underwent more transurethral resection of the prostate due to local recurrence. CONCLUSION: STUMP is a very rare tumor of the specialized prostatic stroma with an unpredictable clinical behavior. The clinical manifestations, transrectal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging are valuable for the diagnosis of prostatic stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential. Its definite diagnosis depends on pathological examination. Up to now, early surgery and combined therapy are effective treatments for prostatic stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(26): 2044-2048, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654451

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the changes of maximum urethral pressure (MUP) and maximum urethral closure pressure (MUCP) after artificial urethral sphincter (AUS) implantation and their prognostic value. Methods: The clinical data of patients who had undergone AUS implantation in multiple medical centers between March and July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Data of urethral pressure profilometry, pad usage, related scores and complications related to surgery were collected and compared. The primary endpoint was social continence (defined as 0-1 pad/d) 1 month after activation of the pump. Results: A total of five male patients were included in this study. Two underwent transurethral resection of the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia, two underwent radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer, and one underwent urethral reunion, urethral stricture dilatation and cystostomy due to trauma from traffic accident. All patients had different degrees of urinary incontinence. The results of preoperative urethral profilometry test showed that the MUP of five patients were 52, 53, 88, 32, and 66 cmH(2)O(1 cmH(2)O=0.098 kPa), respectively, and the MUCP were 17, 52, 62, 27, and 40 cmH(2)O, respectively. AUS implantation was performed. The intraoperative urethral pressure profilometry showed that the MUP were 53, 113, 50, 77, and 89 cmH(2)O in the inactivated state, and the MUCP were 50, 97, 31, 71, and 51 cmH(2)O, respectively. In the activated state, the MUP were 112, 174, 193, 121, and 120 cmH(2)O, and the MUCP were 109, 160, 175, 114, and 92 cmH(2)O, respectively. All patients met the social continence (0-1 pad/d) criterion. No complications were reported during the follow-up. Conclusions: The relationship between the range of intraoperative urethral pressure and the effect of urinary control can be gained by measuring the specific values of MUP and MUCP during AUS implantation and the post-operative effects, which provides as a data basis for standardizing AUS implantation.


Assuntos
Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Esfíncter Urinário Artificial , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Uretra
15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(11): 6323-6332, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of circular RNA circ-100338 on angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) cells after hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) and its molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the role of circ-100338 in coronary artery endothelial cells using human coronary endothelial cells (HCAEC). Then, we verified the function of circ-100338 in HUVEC cells through cell counting kit-8 (CCK8), scratch test, Tube forming experiment, 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) staining. Dual-Luciferase reporter gene experiment and RNA Pull-Down experiments were used to detect the binding effect of circ-100338 and miR-200a-3p, miR-200a-3p and FUS. RESULTS: QRT-PCR results showed that the expression of circ-100338 decreased in HCAEC after H/R treatment. Overexpression of circ-100338 promotes angiogenesis. The Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay and RNA pull-down assay consistently indicated the specific binding effect between circ-100338 and miR-200a-3p, miR-200a-3p and FUS, and circ-100338 promoted the angiogenesis phenotype in HUVEC cells. CONCLUSIONS: CircRNA-100338 may inhibit the function of miRNA-200a-3p by combining with miRNA-200a-3p, and then miRNA-200a-3p plays a role in regulating FUS, thereby regulating the state of angiogenesis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , RNA Circular/genética
16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(6): 3166-3173, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271434

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify that miR-92b inhibits proliferation and invasion of lung cancer by targeting EZH2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression levels of miR-92b and EZH2 in human bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B and human lung cancer cell line (A549, NCI-H23, NCI-H358, NCI-H1975, PC-9) were detected, and miR-92b mimic, sh-EZH2 expression vector, and plasmid blank vector (blank group) were constructed. Blank group, miR-92b mimic, miR-92b mimic+sh-EZH2 group (combined group) were set up, MTT and transwell were used to detect the proliferation and invasion ability of A549 and NCI-H23 cells, and fluorescein report verified the regulatory relationship of miR-92b to EZH2. RESULTS: The expression level of miR-92b in A549, NCI-H23, NCI-H358, NCI-H1975, and PC-9 cells was lower than that in BEAS-2B cells (p<0.05). The expression level of EZH2 was higher than that of BEAS-2B cells (p<0.05). A549 and NCI-H23 cells were selected for transfection. After that, the expression level of miR-92 in miR-92b mimic, combined group A549 and NCI-H23 cells was higher than that in blank group (p<0.05), and miR-92b mimic had no difference with joint group (p>0.05). The expression level of EZH2 in cells of miR-92b mimic, blank group A549, and NCI-H23 was lower than that of combined group (p<0.05), and miR-92b mimic was lower than that of blank group (p<0.05). After the overexpression of miR-92b, pmirGLO-EZH2-3'UT Wt luciferase activity decreased significantly (p<0.05) but had no effect on pmirGLO-EZH2-3'UTR Mut Luciferase activity (p>0.05). Cell proliferation ability and invasion ability of A549 cells and NCI-H23 cells in miR-92b mimic group were lower than those in blank group (p<0.05), while those in combined group were higher than those in miR-92b mimic group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MiR-92b inhibits proliferation and invasion of lung cancer cells through targeted inhibition of EZH2, which is a potential target for future treatment of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
17.
Plant Dis ; 104(4): 1151-1157, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053477

RESUMO

In 2017 and 2018, a total of 294 Fusarium fujikuroi isolates were collected from bakanae-diseased rice plants in Jinhua, Shaoxing, and Jiaxing in Zhejiang Province, China. Phenamacril sensitivity of these isolates was determined by the 50% effective concentration value or minimum inhibitory concentration methods. Our results indicated that the phenamacril resistance frequency of F. fujikuroi increased from 18% in 2017 to 47% in 2018, and rice plants infected with F. fujikuroi-resistant isolates could not be protected effectively with 50 mg/liter of phenamacril. Phenamacril-resistant F. fujikuroi isolates obtained from rice fields showed stable resistance, because their fitness levels (i.e., mycelial growth, sporulation, and pathogenicity) were similar to the phenamacril-sensitive isolates. In addition to the point mutation at codon 219 in the myosin-5 gene that conferred resistance to phenamacril, our results also showed another point mutation at codon 218 (AAG→ACG) in myosin-5 that also conferred resistance to phenamacril. In this study, we found rapid development and persistence of diversified genotypes of phenamacril resistance, highlighting the importance of proper use of phenamacril in rice fields. Our results may also help researchers develop new fungicides or new control strategies using combinations of different fungicides in the control of phenamacril-resistant F. fujikuroi isolates.


Assuntos
Oryza , China , Genótipo , Mutação , Miosinas
18.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(0): E004, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023687

RESUMO

A recent epidemic of pneumonia cases in Wuhan China was caused by a novel coronavirus with strong infectivity, the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). The article provides the pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) methods in the principle of 4S (simple, safe, satisfy, save) for patients with pneumonia caused by the novel coronavirus, shows how to establish a ventilative and convectional PR environment to prevent the spread of virus through droplets, how to guide the patients to carry out PR, how to carry out respiratory muscle training, effective cough, expectoration, sneeze, general exercise, digestive function rehabilitation and psychological rehabilitation, and how to clean and disinfect the PR environment.

19.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(12): 989-995, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33445845

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the genetic characteristics, clinical features, and prognostic values of RAS mutations in patients with myelofibrosis (MF) . Methods: We analyzed 112-gene targeted sequencing data from 226 patients who had a diagnosis of either primary myelofibrosis (PMF) or post-polycythemia vera/post-essential thrombocythemia (post-PV MF and post-ET MF) from December 2011 to December 2019. A retrospective analysis of the genetic characteristics, clinical features, and prognosis of RAS mutations was performed. Results: Among 266 patients diagnosed PMF or post-PV/ET MF, RAS mutations were found in 14 (6.2%) cases, including 9 (4.0%) cases of NRAS mutations, 8 (3.5%) cases of KRAS mutations, and 3 (1.3%) cases of both NRAS and KRAS mutations. All of the NRAS mutations were located in codons 12 and 13. The median VAFs of RAS mutations were significantly lower than those of the driver mutations, confirming that they represent sub-clonal events that are acquired during the disease course. SETBP1, SRSF2, and MPL tended to be clustered with RAS mutations. Patients with RAS mutations had a higher number of additional oncogenic mutations (median, 3.36 vs 1.17, P<0.001) . RAS mutations had a statistically significant association with elevated monocyte cell counts (P=0.003) , lower platelet counts (P=0.026) , higher bone marrow blasts (P=0.022) , splenomegaly (P=0.005) , and very high-risk (VHR) karyotype abnormality percentage (P=0.031) . In univariate analysis, the OS of patients with NRAS mutations were significantly inferior in the entire MF and PMF cohorts (P=0.001, P=0.008) . In a multivariate model, NRAS retained an independent negative prognostic factor in PMF. Conclusion: RAS gene mutations were constantly related to elevated monocyte cell counts, lower platelet counts, higher bone marrow blasts, and VHR karyotype abnormality percentage that usually defined high-risk disease and often occurred as sub-clonal events. NRAS mutation is an independent poor prognostic factor in PMF.


Assuntos
Mielofibrose Primária , Proteínas ras/genética , Humanos , Janus Quinase 2 , Mutação , Mielofibrose Primária/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombocitemia Essencial
20.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(1): 24-33, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect the ectodysplasin A (EDA) gene mutation in patients with hypohidro-tic ectodermal dysplasia (HED), and to analyze the distribution pattern of missing permanent teeth and the systemic manifestation of HED patients with EDA gene mutation. METHODS: Twelve HED families were enrolled from clinic for genetic history collection, systemic physical examination and oral examination. Peripheral blood or saliva samples were collected from the probands and the family members to extract genomic DNA. PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing were utilized to detect the EDA gene variations, which were compared with the normal sequence (NM_001399.5). The functional impact of EDA gene variants was then evaluated by functional prediction of mutation, conservation analysis and protein structure prediction. The pathogenicity of each EDA gene variation was assessed according to the stan-dards and guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG). The systemic phenotype and missing permanent tooth sites of HED patients with EDA gene mutations were summarized, and the missing rate of each tooth position was analyzed and compared. RESULTS: Eight out of twelve HED families were identified to carry EDA gene mutations, including: c.164T>C(p.Leu55Pro); c.457C>T (p.Arg153Cys); c.466C>T(p.Arg156Cys); c. 584G>A(p.Gly195Glu); c.619delG(p.Gly207Profs*73); c.673C>T(p.Pro225Ser); c.676C>T(p.Gln226*) and c.905T>G(p.Phe302Cys). Among them, c.164T>C(p.Leu55Pro); c.619delG(p.Gly207Profs*73); c.673C>T(p.Pro225Ser); c.676C>T(p.Gln226*) and c.905T>G(p.Phe302Cys) were novel mutations. The HED patients with EDA gene mutations in this study were all male. Our results showed that the average number of missing permanent teeth was 13.86±4.49, the average number of missing permanent teeth in the upper jaw was 13.14±5.76, the missing rate was 73.02%. And in the lower jaw, the average number of missing permanent teeth was 14.57±3.05, the missing rate was 80.95%. There was no significant difference in the number of missing teeth between the left and right sides of the permanent dentition (P>0.05). Specifi-cally, the maxillary lateral incisors, the maxillary second premolars and the mandibular lateral incisors were more likely to be missing, while the maxillary central incisors, the maxillary and mandibular first molars had higher possibility of persistence. CONCLUSION: This study detected novel EDA gene pathogenic variants and summarized the distribution pattern of missing permanent teeth of HED patients, thus enriched the variation and phenotype spectrum of EDA gene, and provided new clinical evidence for genetic diagnosis and prenatal consultation.


Assuntos
Displasia Ectodérmica Anidrótica Tipo 1 , Displasia Ectodérmica , Displasia Ectodérmica Anidrótica Tipo 1/genética , Ectodisplasinas/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo
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