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1.
Front Immunol ; 12: 642546, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33936059

RESUMO

Background: Vaccination is the best way to protect children under 5 years from death or disability. Children with biliary atresia (BA), which is the most common pediatric cholestatic end-stage liver disease (PELD), are more vulnerable to infectious diseases. However, the vaccination coverage and factors modulating vaccine responses in children with BA are largely unknown. Methods: In this study, 288 children (median age: 7 months) diagnosed with BA before liver transplantation were enrolled for the evaluation of vaccination status and the factors affecting the immune response to the hepatitis B (HBV) vaccine. Moreover, 49 BA children (median age: 4 months) were enrolled for flow cytometric analysis of CD4+ T cells and CD19+ B cell subsets and correlations with serum bile acid levels. Results: Generally, these children had very low routine vaccination rates for the meningococcal serogroup AC (Men AC) (41.2%), measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) (31.3%), poliomyelitis (Polio) (25.3%), hepatitis A (HAV) (25.0%), Japanese encephalitis (JE) (15.0%), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) (14.2%), meningococcal serogroup A (Men A) (13.5%) and varicella (VAR) (10.8%) vaccines, but not for the HBV (96.2%) and bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) (84.7%) vaccines. Remarkably, 19.8% (57/288) of the patients had HBV infection. Out of 220 patients vaccinated for HBV, 113 (51.4%), 85 (38.6%) and 22 (10%) had one, two or three doses of the HBV vaccine, respectively. Furthermore, logistic regression analysis revealed that the bile acid level was an independent factor associated with poor HBV vaccine response (p = 0.03; OR = 0.394; 95% CI = 0.170-0.969). Immunophenotyping showed that bile acids were only negatively correlated with the CD19+CD27+IgG+ post-class-switched memory B cell ratio (p = 0.01). Conclusion: This study reveals the overall vaccination rates of routine vaccines in Chinese BA children are very low and the poor HBV vaccine responses are associated with bile acids, possibly via the inhibition of CD19+CD27+IgG+ post-class-switched memory B cell response. Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.chictr.org.cn, identifier ChiCTR1800019165.

2.
J Clin Microbiol ; 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952598

RESUMO

While China experienced a peak and decline in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases at the start of 2020, in subsequent months, regional outbreaks have continuously emerged. Resurgences of COVID-19 have also been observed in many other countries. In Guangzhou, China, a small outbreak, involving less than 100 residents, emerged in March and April 2020, and comprehensive and near-real-time genomic surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 was conducted. When the numbers of confirmed cases among overseas travelers increased, public health measures were enhanced by shifting from self-quarantine to central quarantine and SARS-CoV-2 testing for all overseas travelers. In an analysis of 109 imported cases, we found diverse viral variants distributed in the global viral phylogeny, which were frequently shared within households but not among passengers on the same flight. In contrast to the viral diversity of imported cases, local transmission was predominately attributed to two specific variants imported from Africa, including local cases that reported no direct or indirect contact with imported cases. The introduction events of the virus were identified or deduced before the enhanced measures were taken. These results show that the interventions were effective in containing the spread of SARS-CoV-2, and they ruled out the possibility of cryptic transmission of viral variants from the first wave in January and February 2020. Our study provides evidence and emphasizes the importance of controls for overseas travelers in the context of the pandemic and exemplifies how viral genomic data can facilitate COVID-19 surveillance and inform public health mitigation strategies.

3.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 174, 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The retinoid isomerohydrolase RPE65 has received considerable attention worldwide since a successful clinical gene therapy was approved in 2017 as the first treatment for vision loss associated with RPE65-mediated inherited retinal disease. Identifying patients with RPE65 mutations is a prerequisite to assessing the patients' eligibility to receive RPE65-targeted gene therapies, and it is necessary to identify individuals who are most likely to benefit from gene therapies. This study aimed to investigate the RPE65 mutations frequency in the Chinese population and to determine the genetic and clinical characteristics of these patients. RESULTS: Only 20 patients with RPE65 mutations were identified, and RPE65 mutations were determined to be the 14th most common among all patients with genetic diagnoses. Ten novel variants and two hotspots associated with FAP were identified. A literature review revealed that a total of 57 patients of Chinese origin were identified with pathogenic mutations in the RPE65 gene. The mean best Snellen corrected visual acuity was worse (mean 1.3 ± 1.3 LogMAR) in patients older than 20 years old than in those younger than 15 years old (0.68 ± 0.92 LogMAR). Bone spicule-like pigment deposits (BSLPs) were observed in six patients; they were older than those without BSLP and those with white-yellow dots. Genotype-phenotype analysis revealed that truncating variants seem to lead to a more severe clinical presentation, while best corrected visual acuity testing and fundus changes did not correlate with specific RPE65 variants or mutation types. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a detailed clinical-genetic assessment of patients with RPE65 mutations of Chinese origin. These results may help to elucidate RPE65 mutations in the Chinese population and may facilitate genetic counseling and the implementation of gene therapy in China.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(35): 4295-4298, 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33913964

RESUMO

The photogeneration of stable radicals is important but still challenging in the field of optical switching, displays, and other devices. Herein, crystalline 9-anthracene carboxylic acid (9-AC) and a mononuclear complex constructed from this ligand were for the first time discovered to show radical-induced photochromism and photomagnetism after Xe lamp light irradiation. This study finds a simple radical-actuated photochromic molecule for constructing a novel system of photochromic materials.

7.
Braz J Anesthesiol ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nerve block or neurolysis is an important approach in the treatment of spastic equinovarus foot. To illustrate the accurate location of the nerve branch to the tibialis posterior muscle (TP) in clinical practice, 21 adult cadavers were dissected and 14 complete both lower limb specimens were obtained. A total of 28 lower limbs were included. METHODS: We measured the length of the motor branch nerve (LM) of the tibialis posterior muscle, the length of the fibula (LF), the vertical distance (D1) from the midpoint of LM to the fibula tip as well as the horizontal distance (D2) from the midpoint of LM to the inner edge of the fibula. RESULTS: The LM was higher (35.74 ± 7.28 mm) in male than in female (30.40 ± 6.88 mm) specimens but there was no significant correlation between LM and gender (p > 0.05). Additionally, among male specimens, the LM on the right side was longer than that on the left (p ≤ 0.05) while among female specimens, the D1 on the left side was longer than that on the right (p ≤ 0.05). The LF in male specimen was significantly longer than that in female (p ≤ 0.05). The midpoint of the nerve to the motor branch of the tibialis posterior muscle was about 50 mm distal to the fibular head and 10 mm at the inner edge of the fibula. CONCLUSION: Using this coordinate, the midpoint of the nerve branch to the TP could be accurately located.

8.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843580

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to inspect acoustic properties and sleep characteristics of pre-apneic snoring sound. The feasibility of forecasting upcoming respiratory events by snoring sound was also investigated. METHODS: Participants with habitual snoring or heavy breathing sound during sleep were recruited consecutively. Polysomnography was conducted and snoring related breathing sound was recorded simultaneously. Acoustic features and sleep features were extracted from 30-second samples and a machine learning algorithm was used to establish two prediction models. RESULTS: A total of 74 eligible participants were included. Model 1 tested by five-fold cross validation achieved the accuracy of 0.92 and area under the curve of 0.94 for respiratory event prediction. model 2 with acoustic features and sleep information tested by Leave-One-Out cross validation had the accuracy of 0.78 and area under the curve of 0.80. Sleep position was found to be the most important amongst all sleep features contributing to the performance. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-apneic sound presented unique acoustic characteristics and snoring related breathing sound could be deployed as a real-time apneic event predictor. The model combined with sleep information served as a promising tool for an early warning system to forecast apneic events.

9.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 556: 16-22, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836343

RESUMO

Evidence suggests constipation precedes motor dysfunction and is the most common gastrointestinal symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD). 5-HT4 receptor (5-HT4R) agonist prucalopride has been approved to treat chronic constipation. Here, we reported intraperitoneal injection of prucalopride for 7 days increased dopamine and decreased dopamine turnover. Prucalopride administration improved motor deficits in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrathydropyridine (MPTP)-induced PD mouse models. Prucalopride treatment also ameliorated intestinal barrier impairment and increased IL-6 release in PD model mice. However, prucalopride treatment exerted no impact on JAK2/STAT3 pathway, suggesting that prucalopride may stimulate IL-6 via JAK2/STAT3-independent pathway. In conclusion, prucalopride exerted beneficial effects in MPTP-induced Parkinson's disease mice by attenuating the loss of dopamine, improving motor dysfunction and intestinal barrier.

10.
Med Phys ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905545

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Accurately delineating clinical target volumes (CTV) is essential for completing radiotherapy plans but is time-consuming, labor-intensive and prone to inter-observer variation. Automating CTV delineation has the benefits of both speeding up contouring process and improving the quality of contours. Recently, auto-segmentation approaches based on deep learning have achieved some improvements. However, unlike organ segmentation, the CTV contains potential tumor spread tissues or subclinical disease tissues, resulting in poorly defined margin interface and irregular shape. It is not reasonable to directly apply the deep learning segmentation algorithms to CTV tasks without considering the unique characteristics of shape and margin. In this work, we propose a novel automatic CTV delineation algorithm based on deep learning addressing the unique shape and margin challenges. METHODS: Our deep learning method, called RA-CTVNet, segments the CTV from cervical cancer CT images. RA-CTVNet denotes our automatic CTV delineation algorithm based on deep learning with Area-aware reweight strategy and Recursive refinement strategy. (1) In order to process the whole-volume CT images and delineate all CTVs in one shot, our method is built upon the popular 3D Unet architecture. We further extend it with robust residual learning and squeeze-and-excitation blocks for better feature representation.(2) We propose area-aware reweight strategy which assigns different weights for different slices. The core is adjusting model's attention to each slice. (3) In terms of the trade-off between providing performance improvements and meeting the limitations of GPU memory, we exploit a new recursive refinement strategy to address margin challenge. RESULTS: This retrospective study included 462 patients diagnosed with cervical cancer who received radiotherapy from June 2017 to May 2019. Extensive experiments were conducted to evaluate performance of RA-CTVNet. First, compared to different network architectures, RA-CTVNet achieved improvements in Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). Second, we conducted ablation study. The results showed that compared to the backbone, area-aware reweight strategy increased DSC by 3.3% on average and recursive refinement strategy further increased DSC by 1.6% on average. Then, we compared our method with three human experts. Our RA-CTVNet performed better than two experts while comparably to the third expert. Finally, multicenter evaluation was conducted to verify the accuracy and generalizability. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that deep learning is able to offer an efficient frame-work for automatic CTV delineation. The tailored RA-CTVNet can improve the quality of CTV contours, which has great potential for reducing the burden of experts and increasing the accuracy of delineation. In the future, if with more training data, further improvements are possible, bringing this approach closer to real clinical practice.

11.
Vet Microbiol ; 257: 109080, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915344

RESUMO

Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is related to alphaherpesvirus and varicellovirus. pUL16 is a conserved protein in all herpesviruses, and studies have shown that UL16 can interact with the viral proteins pUL11, pUL49, pUL21, gD, and gE. In this study, we found that pUL16 interacted with the viral capsid protein VP26, which could not translocate into the nucleus itself but did appear in the nucleus. We further determined whether pUL16 assists the translocation of VP26 into the nucleus. We found that pUL16 interacted with VP26 with or without viral proteins, and since VP26 itself did not contain a nuclear location signal, we concluded that pUL16 assisted the translocation of VP26 into the nucleus. Deletion of UL16 and UL35 significantly reduced the 50 % tissue culture infective dose, virulence, attachment, and internalization of PRV in cells. These results show that the interaction between pUL16 and VP26 influences the growth and virulence of pseudorabies virus. Our research is the first study to show that pUL16 interacts with VP26, which may explain the targeting site of UL16 and viral capsids. It is also the first to show that UL16 assists the transport of other viral proteins to organelles. Previous researches on pUL16 usually emphasized its interaction with pUL11, pUL21, and gE, and sometimes commented on pUL49 and gD. Our research focuses on the novel interaction between pUL16 and VP26, thereby enriching the studies on herpesviruses and possibly providing different directions for researchers.

12.
Cell Prolif ; 54(5): e13000, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666296

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Mammalian spermatogenesis is a biological process of male gamete formation. Gonocytes are the only precursors of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) which develop into mature spermatozoa. DDX5 is one of DEAD-box RNA helicases and expresses in male germ cells, suggesting that Ddx5 plays important functions during spermatogenesis. Here, we explore the functions of Ddx5 in regulating the specification of gonocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Germ cell-specific Ddx5 knockout (Ddx5-/- ) mice were generated. The morphology of testes and epididymides and fertility in both wild-type and Ddx5-/- mice were analysed. Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) was used to profile the transcriptome in testes from wild-type and Ddx5-/- mice at postnatal day (P) 2. Dysregulated genes were validated by single-cell qRT-PCR and immunofluorescent staining. RESULTS: In male mice, Ddx5 was expressed in germ cells at different stages of development. Germ cell-specific Ddx5 knockout adult male mice were sterile due to completely devoid of germ cells. Male germ cells gradually disappeared in Ddx5-/- mice from E18.5 to P6. Single-cell transcriptome analysis showed that genes involved in cell cycle and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) pathway were significantly decreased in Ddx5-deficient gonocytes. Notably, Ddx5 ablation impeded the proliferation of gonocytes. CONCLUSIONS: Our study reveals the critical roles of Ddx5 in fate determination of gonocytes, offering a novel insight into the pathogenesis of male sterility.

13.
Endocrinology ; 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713403

RESUMO

The self-renewal of mammalian spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) supports spermatogenesis to produce spermatozoa, and this is precisely controlled in a stem niche microenvironment in the seminiferous tubules. Although studies have revealed the role of the surrounding factors in SSCs, little is known about whether the division of SSCs is controlled by extracellular vesicles. Here, extracellular vesicles were found in the basal compartment of seminiferous tubules in mouse, rat, rabbit and human testes. In the mice, the testicular extracellular vesicles are secreted by spermatogonia and are taken up by SSCs. Further, the extracellular vesicles from thy1-positive spermatogonia were purified by anti-Thy1-coupled magnetic beads, and which suppress their proliferation of SSCs but not lead to the apoptosis in vitro.

14.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(1): 52-7, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture on the expression of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), microglia marker ion calcium adaptor protein (Iba-1) and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) in the prefrontal cortex of chronic stress-induced depression rats, so as to explore its antidepressant mechanism. METHODS: Thirty-two SD rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, acupuncture and fluoxetine groups, with 8 rats in each group. The depression model was established by using chronic mild unpredictable stress methods for 6 weeks. Manual acupuncture stimulation was applied to "Baihui" (GV20) and "Yintang" (GV29) for 10 min before modeling for 6 weeks. Fluoxetine (10 mg/kg, 1 mg/mL) was given to rats of the fluoxetine group by gavage before stress stimulation, once every day for 6 weeks. The open field test was used to evaluate the behavioral changes of rats. The contents of IL-1ß, IL-6 in the prefrontal cortex were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of Iba-1 in the prefrontal cortex. The TREM2 gene expression in the prefrontal cortex was determined by real time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: After modeling, the crossing numbers and rearing times were significantly decreased in the model group relevant to the control group (P<0.05). After the treatment, the crossing numbers were significantly increased in the acupuncture and fluoxetine groups (P<0.05), while the rearing times in the acupuncture group were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the contents of IL-1ß, IL-6 and the expression of Iba-1 positive cells in the prefrontal cortex were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.05), while the expression of TREM2 gene in the prefrontal cortex was significantly decreased (P<0.05). After the treatment, the increased levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and Iba-1 positive cells and the decreased TREM2 gene expression were considerably reversed in both acupuncture and fluoxetine groups compared with the model group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture intervention plays a positive role in anti-depression in rats, which may be related to its effects in inhibiting the activation of microglia, reducing the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, and increasing TREM2 expression in the prefrontal cortex.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Depressão , Animais , Depressão/genética , Depressão/terapia , Hipocampo , Microglia , Córtex Pré-Frontal , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persisting shoulder stiffness adversely affects quality of life by causing pain and motion restrictions especially in patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of arthroscopic capsular release in patients with idiopathic shoulder stiffness. METHOD: A literature search was conducted in electronic databases and studies were selected by following precise eligibility criteria. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed to estimate the changes at latest follow-up in scores of the Constant, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES), and University of California at Los Angelis (UCLA) scales, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), and shoulder range of motion. RESULTS: Nineteen studies were included. The follow-up duration was 42 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 32, 51]. Improvements in scores of the Constant, ASES, UCLA scales, and VAS were 48.3 [95% CI: 38.0, 58.6], 44.6 [95% CI: 24.6, 64.6], 19.3 [95% CI: 16.6, 22.0], and -6.1 [95% CI: -6.9, -5.4] respectively (P< 0.05 all). Improvements in the shoulder range of motion were: abduction 82.0 [95% CI: 65.0, 98.9]; forward flexion 75.9 [95% CI: 59.7, 92.1]; external rotation 43.2 [95% CI: 37.5, 49.0]; and internal rotation 25.4 [95% CI: 15.2, 35.5] degrees; P< 0.05 all). CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic capsular release effectively improves shoulder function in patients with idiopathic shoulder stiffness.

16.
Neurochem Res ; 46(4): 992-1005, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528808

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a threatening disease that lead to severe motor and sensory deficits. Previous research has revealed that miRNAs are involved in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases. However, whether miR-122-5p was involved in SCI was rarely investigated. In our study, we intended to probe role of miR-122-5p in the regulation of inflammatory response, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and SH-SY5Y apoptosis. We found miR-122-5p was downregulated in SCI mouse model and LPS-induced SH-SY5Y cells. Moreover, miR-122-5p overexpression alleviated inflammatory response, ROS and SH-SY5Y apoptosis in SCI mice. In addition, miR-122-5p elevation also mitigated SCI in LPS-induced SH-SY5Y cells. Additionally, cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 1 (CPEB1) was verified to be a target of miR-122-5p. CPEB1 expression was upregulated in SCI mouse model and LPS-induced SH-SY5Y cells. CPEB1 expression was negatively related to miR-122-5p expression. Moreover, CPEB1 activated the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in SH-SY5Y cells. Finally, CPEB1 elevation recovered the suppressive effect on inflammatory response, ROS and SH-SY5Y apoptosis in LPS-treated SH-SY5Y cells mediated by miR-122-5p upregulation and through the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

17.
Neurochem Int ; : 104977, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524472

RESUMO

Multiple evidence has shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are novel modulators in the development of many neurological diseases, including spinal cord injury (SCI). Recently, a novel lncRNA zinc finger antisense 1 (ZFAS1) has been found to facilitate the development of many human diseases. However, the effect of ZFAS1 in SCI has not been explored. In the present study, we used the SCI mouse models and LPS-treated BV-2 cellular models to explore the role of ZFAS1 in SCI. Basso Mouse Scale score was applied to reveal locomotor function. Cresyl violet staining was used to reveal volume of spared myelin around the lesion in the injured cord. RIP and luciferase reporter assay were applied to detect binding capacity among RNAs. Next, ZFAS1 was identified to be upregulated in spinal cord tissues of SCI mice. ZFAS1 knockdown promoted functional recovery and inhibited cell apoptosis and the inflammatory response in SCI mice. ZFAS1 bound with microRNA 1953 (miR-1953), and miR-1953 was downregulated in spinal cord tissues of SCI mice. Furthermore, we confirmed that ZFAS1 promoted SCI progression via binding with miR-1953. In addition, phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) was verified to be a downstream target for miR-1953 in vitro, and PTEN was upregulated in spinal cord tissues of SCI mice. Finally, we illustrated that ZFAS1 inactivated the PI3K/AKT pathway through upregulation of PTEN. In conclusion, our study revealed that ZFAS1 facilitated SCI by binding with miR-1953 and regulating the PTEN/PI3K/AKT pathway, which may provide a potential novel insight for treatment of SCI.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33498034

RESUMO

We systematically investigate the anisotropic magneto-conductivity and planar Hall effect in tilted magnetic topological semimetals in the frame of Kubo formula by considering the vertex correction of velocity. The nonzero anisotropic magneto-conductivity is due to the intrinsic magnetization by magnetic doping rather than the external magnetic field previously studied in literatures. In the scenario, tilt, which is common in band structure, plays a key role in this anisotropic magneto-conductivity. This anisotropic magneto-conductivity completely originates from the band anisotropy. The vertex correction only amends the magnitude, but does not change the qualitative behavior of the longitudinal conductivity. However, the planar Hall conductivity is always zero for tilt along both $x$ and $y$ directions in vivid contrast to the case originated from an external magnetic field. Our work offers a route to understand the anisotropic magneto-conductivity effect in tilted Weyl semimetals with Zeeman field. It will be helpful to get a deeper understanding of the transport characteristic in tilted topological semimetals.

19.
Health Informatics J ; 27(1): 1460458220980036, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446032

RESUMO

Extracting information from unstructured clinical text is a fundamental and challenging task in medical informatics. Our study aims to construct a natural language processing (NLP) workflow to extract information from Chinese electronic dental records (EDRs) for clinical decision support systems (CDSSs). We extracted attributes, attribute values, and tooth positions based on an existing ontology from EDRs. A workflow integrating deep learning with keywords was constructed, in which vectors representing texts were unsupervised learned. Specifically, we implemented Sentence2vec to learn sentence vectors and Word2vec to learn word vectors. For attribute recognition, we calculated similarity values among sentence vectors and extracted attributes based on our selection strategy. For attribute value recognition, we expanded the keyword database by calculating similarity values among word vectors to select keywords. Performance of our workflow with the hybrid method was evaluated and compared with keyword-based method and deep learning method. In both attribute and value recognition, the hybrid method outperforms the other two methods in achieving high precision (0.94, 0.94), recall (0.74, 0.82), and F score (0.83, 0.88). Our NLP workflow can efficiently structure narrative text from EDRs, providing accurate input information and a solid foundation for further data-based CDSSs.

20.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(1): 145-153, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33477222

RESUMO

We carried out a 3-year field experiment with three treatments: 1) no fertilizer application (CK), 2) chemical fertilizer application (F), and 3) combined organic and chemical fertilizer (FM) in which the total nitrogen inputs were equal with F (organic fertilizer applied in the early rice season). We evaluated the variations of crop yield, CH4 and N2O emission, and soil nutrient. The results showed that fertilizer application could increase rice yield in both early and late rice seasons. Compared with F treatment, FM treatment increased rice yield by 5.6% and 7.2% for early and late rice, respectively. The enhancement of yield was positively correlated with years. Compared with F treatment, CH4 emission in early rice season, late rice season and whole year in the field in FM treatment was increased by 8.2%, 4.8% and 6.7%, respectively, while the N2O emission was deceased by 31.4%, 5.0% and 18.8%, respectively. Organic fertilizer application reduced the greenhouse gas intensity (GHGI) by 6.8% and 8.5%, but there was no significant differences in global warming potential (GWP) across treatments in 2018 and 2019. Compared with F treatment, the content of organic matter, total nitrogen, available phosphorus and available potassium were increased by 9.7%, 4.1%, 30.9% and 2.5%, respectively. Overall, our results suggested FM application in early rice season is an effective measure to increase crop yield, improve soil nutrient, and reduce GHGI.


Assuntos
Gases de Efeito Estufa , Oryza , Agricultura , China , Fertilizantes/análise , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Metano/análise , Nitrogênio , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Nutrientes , Solo
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