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1.
Leuk Res ; 107: 106607, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957372

RESUMO

The study investigated pretreatment Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA status and its prognostic values in 96 patients newly diagnosed Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). With 13.5 % patients in positive EBV DNA status before therapy, the positive group had inferior progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0.023) as well as overall survival (OS) (P = 0.001). Pretreatment EBV DNA positivity was observed as an independent prognostic factor in OS (P = 0.036) while a trend to predict PFS (P = 0.064). By monitoring changes of EBV DNA copies in 13 patients with positive pretreatment EBV DNA status, 5 of 6 patients with complete response (CR) had their copies undetectable after 3 cycles of first-line treatment and 7 patients with progressive disease (PD) all had elevated EBV DNA copies during their relapsed period. Whole blood EBV DNA may be an adjunctive biomarker to reflect treatment response, risk of disease relapse as well as prognosis in HL patients.

2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2722, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976164

RESUMO

The mechanism by which anti-cancer immunity shapes early carcinogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) is unknown. In this study, we characterize the immune contexture of invasive lung ADC and its precursors by transcriptomic immune profiling, T cell receptor (TCR) sequencing and multiplex immunofluorescence (mIF). Our results demonstrate that anti-tumor immunity evolved as a continuum from lung preneoplasia, to preinvasive ADC, minimally-invasive ADC and frankly invasive lung ADC with a gradually less effective and more intensively regulated immune response including down-regulation of immune-activation pathways, up-regulation of immunosuppressive pathways, lower infiltration of cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) and anti-tumor helper T cells (Th), higher infiltration of regulatory T cells (Tregs), decreased T cell clonality, and lower frequencies of top T cell clones in later-stages. Driver mutations, chromosomal copy number aberrations (CNAs) and aberrant DNA methylation may collectively impinge host immune responses and facilitate immune evasion, promoting the outgrowth of fit subclones in preneoplasia into dominant clones in invasive ADC.

3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2623, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976198

RESUMO

COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 constitutes a global public health crisis with enormous economic consequences. Monoclonal antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 can provide an important treatment option to fight COVID-19, especially for the most vulnerable populations. In this work, potent antibodies binding to SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein were identified from COVID-19 convalescent patients. Among them, P4A1 interacts directly with and covers majority of the Receptor Binding Motif of the Spike Receptor-Binding Domain, shown by high-resolution complex structure analysis. We further demonstrate the binding and neutralizing activities of P4A1 against wild type and mutant Spike proteins or pseudoviruses. P4A1 was subsequently engineered to reduce the potential risk for Antibody-Dependent Enhancement of infection and to extend its half-life. The engineered antibody exhibits an optimized pharmacokinetic and safety profile, and it results in complete viral clearance in a rhesus monkey model of COVID-19 following a single injection. These data suggest its potential against SARS-CoV-2 related diseases.

5.
Eur J Pediatr ; 2021 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963902

RESUMO

Biliary stricture is an important biliary complication after liver transplant in children. We aimed to investigate the utility of serum bile acid levels for prediction of biliary stricture in children after liver transplant. This study enrolled 60 children who underwent liver transplantation at a mean age of 2.04±0.30 years; serum bile acid levels were surveyed in a cross-sectional design. These patients were followed regularly at our institute, and the clinical data were collected prospectively. The major indication of liver transplant in this pediatric cohort was biliary atresia (78.33%). During the follow-up period (3.08±0.30 years), nine patients (15%) developed biliary stricture after the check of serum bile acid. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis yielded a serum bile acid cutoff of >40 µM for the prediction of biliary stricture (P = 0.002). A serum bile acid level >40 is the most important predictor of a biliary stricture after liver transplant (odds ratio=65.65, P = 0.003) after adjusting for gender and GGT levels. The phenomenon remained on Cox's proportional hazard survival analysis (hazard ratio =15.42, P = 0.001). The mortality risk after liver transplant was significantly higher in subjects with serum bile acid levels >40 µM than in those with levels ≤40 µM (log-rank test, P = 0.004).Conclusion: Serum bile acid levels can be used for non-invasive screening and prediction of biliary stricture and mortality in children after liver transplantation. What is Known: • Biliary stricture is a major biliary complication after pediatric liver transplantation, and we showed the serum bile acid level significantly associates with biliary stricture. What is New: • In this study, we demonstrated the serum bile acid level may assist in the early detection of biliary stricture and mortality non-invasively.

6.
Neural Netw ; 142: 20-33, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964476

RESUMO

Graph Neural Networks (GNNs), such as GCN, GraphSAGE, GAT, and SGC, have achieved state-of-the-art performance on a wide range of graph-based tasks. These models all use a technique called neighborhood aggregation, in which the embedding of each node is updated by aggregating the embeddings of its neighbors. However, not all information aggregated from neighbors is beneficial. In some cases, a portion of the neighbor information may be harmful to the downstream tasks. For the high-quality aggregation of beneficial information, we propose a flexible method EGAI (Enhancing Graph neural networks by a high-quality Aggregation of beneficial Information). The core concept of this method is to filter out the redundant and harmful information by removing specific edges during each training epoch. The practical and theoretical motivations, considerations, and strategies related to this method are discussed in detail. EGAI is a general method that can be combined with many backbone models (e.g., GCN, GraphSAGE, GAT, and SGC) to enhance their performance in the node classification task. In addition, EGAI reduces the convergence speed of over-smoothing that occurs when models are deepened. Extensive experiments on three real-world networks demonstrate that EGAI indeed improves the performance for both shallow and deep GNN models, and to some extent, mitigates over-smoothing. The code is available at https://github.com/liucoo/egai.

7.
Front Immunol ; 12: 618561, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33936034

RESUMO

The p38 regulated/activated protein kinase (PRAK) is a protein kinase downstream of p38MAPK. The present study investigated its function in the macrophage. Myeloid-specific deletion of Prak resulted in a significant reduction in F4/80+CD11b+ peritoneal macrophages with decreased expression of MHC-II and CD80. Upon infection with Listeria monocytogenes, Prak-deficient mice demonstrated an increased mortality, which was accompanied by a higher bacterial load in multiple tissues and elevated levels of proinflammatory cytokines in the serum. While the Prak-deficient macrophage showed similar potency in phagocytosis assays, its bactericidal activity was severely impaired. Moreover, Prak deficiency was associated with defects in ROS production, inflammasome activation as well as autophagy induction. Therefore, PRAK critically contributes to the clearance of intracellular pathogens by affecting multiple aspects of the macrophage function.

8.
Brain Res Bull ; 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) is widely applied to explore abnormal functional connectivity (FC) in patients with post-facial paralysis synkinesis (PFPS). However, most studies considered steady spatial-temporal signal interactions between distinct brain regions during the period of scanning. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim to investigate abnormal dynamic functional connectivity (dFC) in PFPS patients. METHODS: We enrolled 31 PFPS patients and 19 healthy controls. All participants underwent rs-fMRI. Sliding windows approach was applied to construct dFC matrices. Next, these matrices were clustered into distinct states using the k-means clustering algorithm. RESULTS: We found that it was not the dFC patterns, but rather the temporal properties including the mean dwell time (MDT) and occurrence frequencies, that showed a significant difference between PFPS patients and healthy controls. Two randomly clustered dFC states were recognized for both groups. Among them, State 1 showed significantly lower connectivity compared to State 2 in patients group. Compared to healthy controls, the duration spent by the PFPS patients in the state with lower connectivity significantly increased and is positively correlated with the better facial function. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, aberrant dFC is a fundamental feature of brain dysfunction in PFPS patients, which is associated with the facial nerve function. These findings may contribute to a better understanding of the abnormal brain reorganization mechanisms in PFPS patients.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 132021 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934088

RESUMO

Capsanthin is a naturally occurring red pepper carotenoid with possible antitumor activity, but its antitumor mechanisms have yet to be delineated. We tested the anti-proliferative activity of capsanthin with human triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and found that cell proliferation was inhibited after 24, 48 and 72 h of treatment. We also investigated the cellular and molecular mechanisms of the antitumor efficacy of capsanthin on TNBC cells and found that capsanthin delayed cell-cycle progression at the G1/S stage, that cyclin A expression was suppressed, and that p21 expression was upregulated. Capsanthin also inhibited the EZH2 expression and EZH2 could binding to the p21 promoter in TNBC cells. We further discovered that capsanthin has synthetic effects when combined with erlotinib (Tarceva). In the animal experiment, we found that the capsanthin-induced inhibition of TNBC cell proliferation decreased the incidence of the initiation and growth of TNBC cell-derived tumors in mice. Our study reveals that capsanthin exerted antitumor effects through delaying cell-cycle progression, induces erlotinib-sensitivity and inhibits tumor progression by inhibiting EZH2/p21 axis, and capsanthin is a potential drug candidate for development of a safe and effective therapy against TNBCs, especially for TNBCs that have developed resistance to targeting therapy.

10.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33929619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anatomic resection (AR) of the liver is generally recommended in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. However, the benefits of AR and nonanatomic resection (NAR) in HCC patients with bile duct tumor thrombus (BDTT) are unknown. This study aimed to compare long-term outcomes of AR and NAR in HCC patients with BDTT after curative resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 175 consecutive HCC patients with BDTT after curative resection between April 2009 and December 2017 were included. One-to-one propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to minimize the influence of potential confounders. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared between the cohorts. RESULTS: After PSM, 120 patients were analyzed. The AR group had better RFS than the NAR group (P = 0.010). Even though there was no statistically significant difference in OS (P = 0.140, power = 0.33), the 3- and 5-year OS rates in the AR group (52.4% and 44.2%, respectively) were obviously higher than those in the NAR group (35.4% and 30.4%, respectively). When patients were further stratified according to tumor size, better RFS and OS were observed in patients with small (≤ 5 cm) tumors after AR (P < 0.001 and P = 0.004, respectively). Multivariate analysis identified AR (P = 0.024) as an independent favorable prognostic factor for RFS in HCC patients with BDTT. CONCLUSIONS: AR is recommended for HCC patients with BDTT, especially in patients with small (≤ 5 cm) tumors.

11.
Pharmacol Res ; 168: 105601, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838294

RESUMO

Sucrose preference test (SPT) is a most frequently applied method for measuring anhedonia, a core symptom of depression, in rodents. However, the method of SPT still remains problematic mainly due to the primitive, irregular, and inaccurate various types of home-made equipment in laboratories, causing imprecise, inconsistent, and variable results. To overcome this issue, we devised a novel method for automatic detection of anhedonia in mice using an electronic apparatus with its program for automated detecting the behavior of drinking of mice instead of manual weighing the water bottles. In this system, the liquid surface of the bottles was monitored electronically by infrared monitoring elements which were assembled beside the plane of the water surface and the information of times and duration of each drinking was collected to the principal machine. A corresponding computer program was written and installed in a computer connected to the principal machine for outputting and analyzing the data. This new method, based on the automated system, was sensitive, reliable, and adaptable for evaluation of stress- or drug-induced anhedonia, as well as taste preference and effects of addictive drugs. Extensive application of this automated apparatus for SPT would greatly improve and standardize the behavioral assessment method of anhedonia, being instrumental in novel antidepressant screening and depression researching.

12.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 21(1): 127, 2021 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore an effective algorithm based on artificial neural network to pick correctly the minority of pregnant women with SLE suffering fetal loss outcomes from the majority with live birth and train a well behaved model as a clinical decision assistant. METHODS: We integrated the thoughts of comparative and focused study into the artificial neural network and presented an effective algorithm aiming at imbalanced learning in small dataset. RESULTS: We collected 469 non-trivial pregnant patients with SLE, where 420 had live-birth outcomes and the other 49 patients ended in fetal loss. A well trained imbalanced-learning model had a high sensitivity of 19/21 ([Formula: see text]) for the identification of patients with fetal loss outcomes. DISCUSSION: The misprediction of the two patients was explainable. Algorithm improvements in artificial neural network framework enhanced the identification in imbalanced learning problems and the external validation increased the reliability of algorithm. CONCLUSION: The well-trained model was fully qualified to assist healthcare providers to make timely and accurate decisions.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Complicações na Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 273, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of present study was to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with BMP-9-induced osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by using bioinformatics methods. METHODS: Gene expression profiles of BMP-9-induced MSCs were compared between with GFP-induced MSCs and BMP-9-induced MSCs. GSE48882 containing two groups of gene expression profiles, 3 GFP-induced MSC samples and 3 from BMP-9-induced MSCs, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Then, DEGs were clustered based on functions and signaling pathways with significant enrichment analysis. Pathway enrichment analysis using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) demonstrated that the identified DEGs were potentially involved in cytoplasm, nucleus, and extracellular exosome signaling pathway. RESULTS: A total of 1967 DEGs (1029 upregulated and 938 downregulated) were identified from GSE48882 datasets. R/Bioconductor package limma was used to identify the DEGs. Further analysis revealed that there were 35 common DEGs observed between the samples. GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, among which endoplasmic reticulum, protein export, RNA transport, and apoptosis was the most significant dysregulated pathway. The result of protein-protein interaction (PPI) network modules demonstrated that the Hspa5, P4hb, Sec61a1, Smarca2, Pdia3, Dnajc3, Hyou1, Smad7, Derl1, and Surf4 were the high-degree hub nodes. CONCLUSION: Taken above, using integrated bioinformatical analysis, we have identified DEGs candidate genes and pathways in BMP-9 induced MSCs, which could improve our understanding of the key genes and pathways for BMP-9-induced osteogenic of MSCs.

14.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-11, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33877926

RESUMO

Fangcang hospitals, as tentative hospitals built to treat a huge turnover of patients with mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections, have played a pivotal role to slow down the pandemic spread in China in 2020. However, anxiety and sleep disorders remain tough to address during the treatments. In this study, group psychological intervention in combination with pulmonary rehabilitation exercises were conducted in the trial group for the patients with mild COVID-19 infections in a Fangcang Hospital to mitigate the patients' anxiety and sleep disorders, while conventional nursing methods were done in the control group, with 70 randomly picked patients in each group. Effects were assessed through questionnaire method using state anxiety questionnaire (SAI) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index scale (PQSI) rating investigation. Results showed that both SAI and PSQI scores of the trial group were significantly lower than those of the control group (P < 0.05). The SAI scores of the trial group and the control group were 38.5 ± 13.2 and 45.8 ± 10.4 points (t = 3.600, P < 0.001), respectively, and the PSQI scores were 5.6 ± 3.0 and 7.1 ± 3.0 points (t = 2.982, P < 0.01), respectively. Our methods have significant advantages over conventional nursing methods to mitigate anxiety and sleep disorders for the patients with mild COVID-19 infections in the Fangcang Hospital.

15.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(4): 1221-1229, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899390

RESUMO

Water use efficiency (WUE) is an objective indicator of plant water use, the research of which is helpful to understand the carbon-water coupling mechanism in terrestrial ecosystems. We investigated WUE of dominant tree species in the succession series of broad-leaved Korean pine forests in Changbai Mountain (middle-aged poplar-birch secondary forest, mature poplar-birch secondary forest, broad-leaved Korean pine forest) by using stable carbon isotope technology. The WUE of three forests under different succession stages decreased in order of broad-leaved Korean pine forest > middle-aged poplar-birch secondary forest > mature poplar-birch secondary forest. In addition, the same tree species had different WUE in different forest stands. The WUE of Populus davidiana and Betula platyphylla in the middle-aged poplar-birch secondary forest was higher than that in mature poplar-birch secondary forest. The WUE of Fraxinus mandshurica in broad-leaved Korean pine forest was much higher than that in middle-aged poplar-birch secondary forest. The WUE of Acer mono and Quercus mongolica in broad-leaved Korean pine forest was higher than that in mature poplar-birch secondary forest. The dominant tree species had different WUE as for wood types which generally presented ring-porous wood species>diffuse-porous wood species. There were different seasonal trends during the growing season among the dominant species in the broad-leaved Korean pine forest. The WUE of Fraxinus mandshurica, Acer mono, Quercus mongolica and Tilia amurensis showed first decreasing and then increasing, while that of Pinus koraiensis was opposite. The WUE of the broad-leaved Korean pine forest was negatively correlated with temperature in the growing season. The different WUE was one of the strategies for dominant species in the broad-leaved Korean pine forest in Changbai Mountains to adapt to the community succession and respond to climate and environmental change.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Pinus , China , Florestas , República da Coreia , Árvores , Água
16.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33861389

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Several studies have investigated the association between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, but the presented scientific results are highly debatable. This study examined the longitudinal association between GERD and CRC in an Asian population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed using the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. The study cohort comprised 45,828 individuals with newly diagnosed GERD (the GERD cohort) and 229,140 age, sex, and date of enrollment-matched patients without GERD (the comparison cohort) from 2000 to 2006. The primary outcome was the incidence of CRC. To estimate the effect of GERD on the risk of CRC, the Cox proportional hazards model was fitted to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: There were 785 newly diagnosed CRC patients in the 45,828 patients with GERD. Relatively, there were 2375 incident CRC cases in 229,140 patients without GERD. The incidence rate of CRC for the GERD cohort (17.60 per 10,000 person-years) was significantly higher than the corresponding incidence rate for the comparison cohort (10.22 per 10,000 person-years). After adjustment for confounders, GERD was associated with a significantly increased risk of CRC (adjusted HR,1.76; 95% CI, 1.62-2.90). Of note, a significant association between GERD and CRC risk was evident in both genders. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, this nationwide population-based cohort study supports the hypothesis that GERD was associated with a significantly increased risk of CRC. Our findings warrant still further investigation of the underlying mechanisms related to carcinogenic effect of GERD on colorectal carcinoma.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835225

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe a non-anatomic arthroscopic all-inside repair technique for middle-aged and older patients with medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRTs) and to evaluate the short- to mid-term clinical and radiologic results. The hypothesis was that this procedure would yield good clinical outcome results and structural healing in middle- and older-aged patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective study evaluating patients who had undergone MMPRT repair by suturing the meniscal root directly to the capsule, rather than by the transtibial technique, between 2013 and 2016. This all-inside repair technique was performed for patients with type II MMPRTs who were over 40 years old. Exclusion criteria included tibial osteotomy due to malalignment, concomitant multiple-ligament injuries and follow-up time less than 2 years. The Lysholm score, Tegner activity score and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score were evaluated preoperatively and at the final follow-up. Medial meniscal extrusion, the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) grades of the medial compartment, and the healing status of the medial meniscus root were assessed on magnetic resonance imaging preoperatively and at the final follow-up. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients (mean age 61.7 ± 7.9) were included; the mean follow-up duration was 46.2 ± 7.9 months. The mean Lysholm score significantly improved from 33.7 ± 20.9 preoperatively to 81.7 ± 19.9 at the final follow-up (p < 0.001), the median Tegner activity score improved from 1.0 (range 1-4) to 3.0 (range 2-4, p < 0.001), and the mean IKDC score improved from 20.1 ± 16.4 to 69.6 ± 16.2 (p < 0.001). On MRI, 9 (31%) cases had complete healing; 17 (59%) had partial healing; and 3 (10%) had failed healing (ICCs ≥ 0.92). Mean meniscal extrusion significantly increased from 2.3 ± 1.7 mm preoperatively to 3.5 ± 1.5 mm postoperatively (p < 0.001, ICCs ≥ 0.92). CONCLUSION: Non-anatomic arthroscopic all-inside repair of MMPRTs to the posterior capsule yielded good to excellent clinical results and a high rate of healing in the medial meniscus root on MRI in middle-aged and older patients at short- to mid-term follow-up, despite increased meniscal extrusion. This method is an alternative to the transtibial pullout repair technique for treating MMPRTs in middle- and older-aged patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.

18.
Virol Sin ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835391

RESUMO

The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused more than 96 million infections and over 2 million deaths worldwide so far. However, there is no approved vaccine available for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the disease causative agent. Vaccine is the most effective approach to eradicate a pathogen. The tests of safety and efficacy in animals are pivotal for developing a vaccine and before the vaccine is applied to human populations. Here we evaluated the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of an inactivated vaccine based on the whole viral particles in human ACE2 transgenic mouse and in non-human primates. Our data showed that the inactivated vaccine successfully induced SARS-CoV-2-specific neutralizing antibodies in mice and non-human primates, and subsequently provided partial (in low dose) or full (in high dose) protection of challenge in the tested animals. In addition, passive serum transferred from vaccine-immunized mice could also provide full protection from SARS-CoV-2 infection in mice. These results warranted positive outcomes in future clinical trials in humans.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(8)2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33919677

RESUMO

Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a natural fibrin meshwork material with multiple functions that are suitable for tissue engineering applications. PRF provides a suitable scaffold for critical-size bone defect treatment due to its platelet cytokines and rich growth factors. However, the structure of PRF not only promotes cell attachment but also, due to its density, provides a pool for cell migration into the PRF to facilitate regeneration. In our study, we used repeated freeze drying to enlarge the pores of PRF to engineer large-pore PRF (LPPRF), a type of PRF that has expanded pores for cell migration. Moreover, a biodegradable Mg ring was used to provide stability to bone defects and the release of Mg ions during degradation may enhance osteoconduction and osteoinduction. Our results revealed that cell migration was more extensive when LPPRF was used rather than when PRF was used and that LPPRF retained the growth factors present in PRF. Moreover, the Mg ions released from the Mg ring during degradation significantly enhanced the calcium deposition of MC3T3-E1 preosteoblasts. In the present study, a bone substitute comprising LPPRF combined with a Mg ring was demonstrated to have much potential for critical-size bone defect repair.

20.
Leuk Res ; 105: 106580, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836479

RESUMO

The study investigated serum 25-Hydroxy vitamin D (25-(OH)D) deficiency and its prognostic values of patients newly diagnosed Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). With seventy-seven patients enrolled, the median level of 25-(OH)D was 44.5 nmol/L (range, 15.5-100.9 nmol/L) and 16 (20.8 %) of them were considered as 25-(OH)D deficiency. With a median follow-up of 28 months (range, 4-56 months), the 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rate were 75.3 %±5.5 % and 94.7 %±3.0 %, respectively. Patients with deficient 25-(OH)D level had inferior PFS (P<0.001) as well as OS (P<0.001). In multivariate Cox analysis, 25-(OH)D deficiency was observed as an independent prognostic factor for both PFS (hazard ratio (HR) 3.323, 95 % CI 1.527-7.229, P = 0.002) and OS (HR 5.819, 95 % CI 1.322-25.622, P = 0.020). Receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curve showed International Prognostic Score (IPS) plus 25-(OH)D deficiency (IPS-D) predicted more accurately than IPS in PFS (AUC: 0.735 (95 % CI 0.622-0.829) vs. 0.701 (95 % CI 0.586-0.800), P = 0.033) and OS (AUC: 0.864 (95 % CI 0.767-0.932) vs. 0.825 (95 % CI 0.722-0.902), P = 0.028). All these findings suggest that serum 25-(OH)D level may be an adjunctive indicator to predict prognosis in HL patient.

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