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1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 670594, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595214

RESUMO

Purpose: To detect lung metastases, we conducted a retrospective study to improve patient prognosis. Methods: Hypertension patients with ocular metastases (OM group; n = 58) and without metastases (NM group; n = 1,217) were selected from individuals with lung cancer admitted to our hospital from April 2005 to October 2019. The clinical characteristics were compared by Student's t-test and chi-square test. Independent risk factors were identified by binary logistic regression, and their diagnostic value evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Results: Age and sex did not differ significantly between OM and NM groups; There were significant differences in pathological type and treatment. Adenocarcinoma was the main pathological type in the OM group (67.24%), while squamous cell carcinoma was the largest proportion (46.43%) in the NM group, followed by adenocarcinoma (34.10%). The OM group were treated with chemotherapy (55.17%), while the NM group received both chemotherapy (39.93%) and surgical treatment (37.06%). Significant differences were detected in the concentrations of cancer antigen (CA)-125, CA-199, CA-153, alpha fetoprotein (AFP), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin fraction 21-1 (CYFRA21-1), total prostate-specific antigen, alkaline phosphatase, and hemoglobin (Student's t-test). Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that CA-199, CA-153, AFP, CEA, and CYRFA21-1 were independent risk factors for lung cancer metastasis. AFP (98.3%) and CEA (89.3%) exhibited the highest sensitivity and specificity, respectively, while CYRFA21-1 had the highest area under the ROC curve value (0.875), with sensitivity and specificity values of 77.6 and 87.0%, respectively. Hence, CYFRA21-1 had the best diagnostic value.

2.
World J Diabetes ; 12(2): 158-169, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In rare instances, primary liver cancer can be associated with intraocular metastasis (IOM). AIM: To investigate the correlation between a diverse range of clinical characteristics and IOM in diabetic patients with primary liver cancer, and to determine potential risk factors in predicting IOM. METHODS: We recruited a total of 722 diabetic patients with primary liver cancer. The differences between the IOM and non-intraocular metastasis (NIOM) groups in these patients were assessed using the chi-squared test and Student's t-test. Binary logistic regression analysis was subsequently used to determine risk factors. Finally, the diagnostic value of IOM in this cohort with primary liver cancer was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: In all, 13 patients had IOM. There were no remarkable intergroup differences with respect to age, sex, histopathological sub-types, or blood biochemical parameters. However, the IOM group had significantly higher alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and cancer antigen 125 (CA125) values than the NIOM group. Binary logistic regression identified AFP and CA125 to be significant risk factors for IOM in diabetic patients with primary liver cancer. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve values for AFP and CA125 were 0.727 and 0.796, with the cut-off values of 994.20 ng/mL and 120.23 U/mL, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity for AFP were 92.3% and 59.9%, while those for CA125 were 84.6% and 70.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Elevated AFP and CA125 represent significant risk factors for IOM in diabetic patients with primary liver cancer.

3.
Cancer Med ; 10(3): 824-832, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336932

RESUMO

Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) is a major type of breast cancer. Ocular metastasis (OM) in IDC is rarely seen, but patients with OM often have a poor prognosis. Furthermore, OM is difficult to detect in the early stages by common imaging examinations. In the present study, we tried to figure out the risk factors of OM in IDC and evaluate their diagnostic values for early detection. There were 1192 IDC patients who were divided into two groups according to ocular metastasis involved in this study. Clinical parameters of those patients were used to detect differences. The binary logistic regression test was then used to determine the risk factors of OM in IDC. Furthermore, ROC curves of both single and combined risk factors were established to examine their diagnostic values. The incidence of axillary lymph node metastases was significantly higher in the OM group (p = 0.002). Higher carbohydrate antigen 153 (CA153), lower apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1), and hemoglobin (Hb) were risk factors for OM in IDC (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p = 0.038, respectively). In the single risk factor ROC analysis, cutoff values of CA153, ApoA1, and Hb were 43.3 u/mL (CI: 0.966-0.984, p < 0.001), 1.11 g/L (CI: 0.923-0.951, p < 0.001), and 112 g/L (CI: 0.815-0.857, p < 0.001), respectively. Among the ROC curves of combined risk factors, CA153+ApoA1+Hb had the best accuracy, with the sensitivity and specificity of 89.47% and 99.32%, respectively (CI: 0.964-0.983, p < 0.001). CA153, ApoA1, and Hb are risk factors for OM in IDC. In clinical practice, the three parameters could be used as predictive factors for the early detection of OM.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Neoplasias Oculares/secundário , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias Oculares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Oculares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Oculares/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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