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1.
Sci Rep ; 7: 43898, 2017 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28266651

RESUMO

Conventional approaches to flexible optoelectronic devices typically require depositing the active materials on external substrates. This is mostly due to the weak bonding between individual molecules or nanocrystals in the active materials, which prevents sustaining a freestanding thin film. Herein we demonstrate an ultrathin freestanding ZnO quantum dot (QD) active layer with nanocellulose structuring, and its corresponding device fabrication method to achieve substrate-free flexible optoelectronic devices. The ultrathin ZnO QD-nanocellulose composite is obtained by hydrogel transfer printing and solvent-exchange processes to overcome the water capillary force which is detrimental to achieving freestanding thin films. We achieved an active nanocellulose paper with ~550 nm thickness, and >91% transparency in the visible wavelength range. The film retains the photoconductive and photoluminescent properties of ZnO QDs and is applied towards substrate-free Schottky photodetector applications. The device has an overall thickness of ~670 nm, which is the thinnest freestanding optoelectronic device to date, to the best of our knowledge, and functions as a self-powered visible-blind ultraviolet photodetector. This platform can be readily applied to other nano materials as well as other optoelectronic device applications.

2.
Sci Rep ; 6: 19924, 2016 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26814808

RESUMO

We propose and demonstrate a new optical trapping method for single cells that utilizes modulated light fields to trap a wide array of cell types, including mammalian, yeast, and Escherichia coli cells, on the surface of a two-dimensional photonic crystal. This method is capable of reducing the required light intensity, and thus minimizing the photothermal damage to living cells, thereby extending cell viability in optical trapping and cell manipulation applications. To this end, a thorough characterization of cell viability in optical trapping environments was performed. This study also demonstrates the technique using spatial light modulation in patterned manipulation of live cell arrays over a broad area.


Assuntos
Pinças Ópticas , Óptica e Fotônica/métodos , Fótons , Animais , Bactérias , Sobrevivência Celular , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Óptica e Fotônica/instrumentação , Leveduras
3.
Opt Express ; 22(24): 29996-30003, 2014 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25606929

RESUMO

We demonstrate porous silicon biological probes as a stable and non-toxic alternative to organic dyes or cadmium-containing quantum dots for imaging and sensing applications. The fluorescent silicon quantum dots which are embedded on the porous silicon surface are passivated with carboxyl-terminated ligands through stable Si-C covalent bonds. The porous silicon bio-probes have shown photoluminescence quantum yield around 50% under near-UV excitation, with high photochemical and thermal stability. The bio-probes can be efficiently conjugated with antibodies, which is confirmed by a standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Teoria Quântica , Silício/química , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Tamanho da Partícula , Porosidade , Análise Espectral
4.
Opt Express ; 20(7): 8192-8, 2012 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22453489

RESUMO

A circular dichromatic transient absorption difference spectroscopy of transmission-grating-photomasked transient spin grating is developed and formularized. It is very simple in experimental setup and operation, and has high detection sensitivity. It is applied to measure spin diffusion dynamics and excited electron density dependence of spin ambipolar diffusion coefficient in (110) GaAs quantum wells. It is found that the spin ambipolar diffusion coefficient of (110) and (001) GaAs quantum wells is close to each other, but has an opposite dependence tendency on excited electron density. This spectroscopy is expected to have extensive applicability in the measurement of spin transport.


Assuntos
Arsenicais/química , Gálio/química , Análise Espectral/métodos , Difusão , Luz , Espalhamento de Radiação , Marcadores de Spin
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