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1.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022813

RESUMO

In order to improve active tumor targeting, tumor cell uptake efficiency and circulation time of doxorubicin (DOX) in vivo, we constructed a cleavable PEGylated hyaluronic acid nano-drug delivery system (HA-mPEG2k-DOX) based on a tumor microenvironment pH-responsive imine bond. In this study, HA-mPEG2k-DOX can self-assemble into stable nanoparticles (HA-mPEG2k-DOX NPs) with a particle size of 50 nm. And the NPs can efficiently target CD44 positive CT26 cells and the pH-responsive cleavable PEG shell can be detached under weakly acidic environments and effectively promote the cellular uptake of HA-DOX NPs. Compared with DOX·HCl, the HA-mPEG2k-DOX NPs can significantly increase the DOX circulation time by 12.5 times, efficiently target the tumor tissues of CT26 tumor-bearing mice and remain for 72 hours. Therefore, the antitumor results in vivo indicated that the HA-mPEG2k-DOX NPs have the best anti-tumor effect while reducing the toxicity of the DOX. Overall, the cleavable PEGylated HA-mPEG2k-DOX NPs responding to pH-sensitive imine bonds, while actively targeting CD44-positive tumor cells, improve the dilemma of cellular uptake and delivery by the PEGylated nano delivery system.

2.
Future Oncol ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065545

RESUMO

Background: The DNA damage repair (DDR) pathways play important roles for regulating cancer progression and therapeutic response. IDH mutations, well-known prognosis biomarkers for glioma, lead to hypermethylation of tumor cells and affect genes' expression. Whether IDH mutations affect glioma prognosis through influencing the expression of DDR genes remains unclear. Methods: A total of 272 DDR genes were selected for differential expression and survival analysis. The identified genes were then utilized to construct the prognosis predicting model. Results: PARPBP, PLK3, POLL and WEE1 were found differential expressed between IDH mutations carriers and wild-type carriers, and were associated with survival of low grade glioma (LGG) patients. The predicting algorithm can predicts the prognosis of LGG patients. Conclusion: IDH mutations may affect LGG prognosis through regulation of DDR pathways.

3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 233: 115883, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059914

RESUMO

Cellulose is a promising and advantageous material because it is low-cost, abundant and biodegradable. Nonetheless, dealing with this material is extremely challenging because cellulose cannot dissolve in most solvents or melt at any temperature or pressure in the air owing to strong hydrogen-bonding networks. In this work, a surface selective dissolution with shear force process was proposed to prepare cellulose films with high strength from microcrystalline cellulose powders. The tensile strength reached 94 MPa and the thermal decomposition temperature improved by 64 °C compared with that of regenerated cellulose. A mechanism of surface dissolution and reconnection was proposed to explain the process. The outstanding mechanical property attributes to tight reconnection of the undissolved cores via dissolved surfaces in cellulose powders, and the improved thermal decomposition temperature is due to preserved cellulose Ⅰ crystalline structure of microcrystalline cellulose. We believe that this cost-effective and facile method holds promise for industrial-scaleproduction of cellulose materials.

4.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 125: 109972, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036221

RESUMO

Ephrin-2 (EFNB2) is expressed at abnormally high levels in some neoplasms, such as squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck and colorectal cancer. Its overexpression is associated with the malignant progression of tumors. However, the expression of EFNB2 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has not been thoroughly studied. EFNB2 expression was evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, and western blotting. Furthermore, the association between its expression levels and the clinicopathological features of PDAC patients was explored. To determine the underlying mechanisms of EFNB2, we transfected PDAC cells with small interfering RNA and performed in vitro and in vivo experiments. EFNB2 expression levels were significantly increased in cancer tissues and were associated with PDAC clinical stage and Ki67 expression. The down-regulation of EFNB2 inhibited cell proliferation by up-regulating p53/p21-mediated G0/G1 phase blockade. Knockdown of EFNB2 decreased the migration and invasion of PDAC cells by blocking epithelial-mesenchymal transition. These results suggested that EFNB2 may participate in the development of PDAC by promoting cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Thus, EFNB2 is a potential target for the diagnosis and treatment of PDAC.

5.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 165, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of noncoding small RNAs that play important roles in many physiological processes by regulating gene expression. Previous studies have shown that the expression levels of total miRNAs increase during mouse embryonic development, and some miRNAs control the regulatory network in development progression. However, few studies have focused on the effects of miRNAs on early human embryonic development. The relationship between miRNAs and early human embryogenesis is still unknown. RESULTS: In this study, RNA-seq data collected from sperm samples from 102 patients with a normal sperm index but treated with assisted reproductive technology (ART) were analyzed for the relationships between differentially expressed small RNAs and the fertilization rate (FR), blastocyst rate and high-quality embryo rate (HQER). The sperm samples with high hsa-mir-191 expression had a higher FR, effective embryo rate (EER) and HQER. hsa-mir-191 was used as a single indicator to predict the HQER. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve had an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.686. We also found that hsa-mir-191 expression is correlated with an abnormal sperm rate (cor = 0.29, p < 0.01). We also evaluated the relationship between hsa-mir-34c and early human embryo development in these 102 sperm samples and obtained negative results. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that high hsa-mir-191-5p expression in sperm is associated with early human embryonic quality and that hsa-mir-191-5p could be used as a potential marker to screen high-quality sperm to improve the success rates of in vitro fertilization (IVF).

6.
Plant Cell Physiol ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016380

RESUMO

Anthocyanin accumulation is transcriptionally regulated by the MYB-bHLH-WD40 complex. Light is indispensable for anthocyanin accumulation, and light-inducible MYB and HY5 were considered to promote anthocyanin accumulation in many fruits. Whether and how light-inducible bHLH transcription factor and HY5 regulate anthocyanin synthesis in strawberry is unknown. In this study, we identified a bHLH transcription factor, FvbHLH9, which was induced by light as well as FvHY5, and found that similar to FvHY5, the transient overexpression and interference FvbHLH9 in strawberry fruits can promote and decrease anthocyanin accumulation, respectively, indicating FvbHLH9 functions as a positive regulator of anthocyanin biosynthesis. Furthermore, we confirmed that both FvHY5 and FvbHLH9 specifically bind to the promoter region of some key enzyme genes, including FvDFR, and the expression of FvDFR was activated through the heterodimer formation between FvHY5 and FvbHLH9. Finally, we confirmed that FvbHLH9 promoted anthocyanin accumulation is dependent on HY5-bHLH heterodimer in Arabidopsis. Our findings provide insights into a mechanism involving the synergistic regulation of light-dependent coloration and anthocyanin biosynthesis via HY5-bHLH heterodimer formed by the interaction of FvHY5 with FvbHLH9 in strawberry fruits.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017368

RESUMO

Structural morphology is the key parameter for efficacy of nanomedicine. To date, lipid-based nanomaterial has been the most widely used material in nanomedicine and many other biomedical applications. However, to the best of our knowledge, there has not been an in-depth or systematic investigation of the structure-function relationship of lipid-based nanostructures. In this report, we investigated the formulation of novel lipid-based nanostructures via simple tuning of lipid combination. To prove this concept, we used a combination of various ratio of simple and common phospholipids with different chain length (14-carbon chain DMPC: 6-carbon chain DHPC) to find out whether a myriad of novel lipid nanostructures could be obtained. Interestingly, many combinations ratio of lipid resulted in distinct lipid nanostructures. In vitro cell assay proved the non-toxic properties of these nanostructures. Drug encapsulation tests confirmed that they are able to load large amount of drugs for biological application. In vivo anti-tumor efficacy revealed that certain lipid nanostructures possessed superior tumor retardation effect, indicating the significance of this liposome structure finding. Herein, we proved that simple combinations of different lipid chain length may result in variety of novel nanostructures beyond the reported liposomes and that these distinct structures may have profound effect on their in vitro and in vivo performance.

8.
Asian J Androl ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031084

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to determine the prognostic value of primary tumor surgery and identify optimal candidates for such surgery among patients with seminoma and distant metastasis at diagnosis. We identified 521 patients with seminoma and distant metastasis at diagnosis between 2004 and 2014 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Among these patients, 434 had undergone surgery, whereas 87 had not. The prognostic value of primary tumor surgery was assessed by Kaplan-Meier methods, log-rank analyses, and multivariate Cox's proportional hazards model. Survival curves and forest plots were also plotted. Survival analysis indicated that patients who underwent surgery had a better 5-year overall survival and cancer-specific survival than those who did not. Multivariate analyses demonstrated that primary tumor surgery is an independent prognostic factor for overall survival and cancer-specific survival, along with age at diagnosis, M stage, and marital status. In addition, primary tumor surgery still had considerable prognostic value in the subgroup of patients with lymph node metastasis. Further, forest plots demonstrated that patients with M1a stage, N1 or N2-3 stage, and a younger age at diagnosis (<60 years) may benefit from primary tumor surgery. In conclusion, our findings indicate that primary tumor surgery is correlated with improved survival in patients with seminoma and distant metastasis. Furthermore, primary tumor surgery is an independent prognostic indicator for patients with seminoma and distant metastasis.

9.
J Neuroinflammation ; 17(1): 51, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy is widely used and effective for treating brain tumours, but inevitably impairs cognition as it arrests cellular processes important for learning and memory. This is particularly evident in the aged brain with limited regenerative capacity, where radiation produces irreparable neuronal damage and activation of neighbouring microglia. The latter is responsible for increased neuronal death and contributes to cognitive decline after treatment. To date, there are few effective means to prevent cognitive deficits after radiotherapy. METHODS: Here we implanted hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from young or old (2- or 18-month-old, respectively) donor mice expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) into old recipients and assessed cognitive abilities 3 months post-reconstitution. RESULTS: Regardless of donor age, GFP+ cells homed to the brain of old recipients and expressed the macrophage/microglial marker, Iba1. However, only young cells attenuated deficits in novel object recognition and spatial memory and learning in old mice post-irradiation. Mechanistically, old recipients that received young HSCs, but not old, displayed significantly greater dendritic spine density and long-term potentiation (LTP) in CA1 neurons of the hippocampus. Lastly, we found that GFP+/Iba1+ cells from young and old donors were differentially polarized to an anti- and pro-inflammatory phenotype and produced neuroprotective factors and reactive nitrogen species in vivo, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest aged peripherally derived microglia-like cells may exacerbate cognitive impairments after radiotherapy, whereas young microglia-like cells are polarized to a reparative phenotype in the irradiated brain, particularly in neural circuits associated with rewards, learning, and memory. These findings present a proof-of-principle for effectively reinstating central cognitive function of irradiated brains with peripheral stem cells from young donor bone marrow.

10.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(1): 75-79, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037770

RESUMO

Self-healing materials have rapidly developed in recent years to overcome the micro-cracks occurring in the polymer matrix. Self-healing ability offers autonomous crack repairs to prolong the service lives of polymers or polymer composites. As a main approach, extrinsic self-healing materials based on microcapsules have been applied in dentistry recently. This paper comprehensively presented and reviewed the definition and classification of self-healing materials, the synthesis of microcapsules, the calculation of self-healing efficiency, and the application of self-healing materials in dentistry. The future directions of self-healing polymers are also discussed.


Assuntos
Odontologia , Polímeros , Cápsulas
11.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2286, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32042061

RESUMO

Sperm preparation in IVF cycles using density gradient centrifugation (DGC) in combination with swim-up (SU) has been widely adopted in reproductive centres worldwide. It is a fact that the sperm recovery rate following one DGC from poor semen samples (showing liquefaction defects/containing too many unresolvable clots or rare sperm) is relatively low. Our results showed that double DGC (DDGC) is effective at increasing the sperm recovery rate from poor semen samples. However, DDGC may increase the mechanical stress of sperm, thereby potentially impairing embryo development. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the safety of using sperm prepared by DDGC/SU for IVF cycles. In this study, we retrospectively analysed the data generated from a total of 529 IVF cycles (from June 2017 to June 2018), and these IVF cycles contributed 622 transfer cycles (from June 2017 to December 2018) in Changzhou Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital. Of them, 306 IVF cycles and the related 355 transfer cycles (normal semen samples prepared by DGC/SU) were set as the normal group, while 223 IVF cycles and the related 267 transfer cycles (poor semen prepared by DDGC/SU) were set as the observation group. The main outcome measures, including the normal fertilization rate, top D3 embryo formation rate, blastocyte formation rate, clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate, birth weight and duration of pregnancy, were compared between the two groups. Compared to semen in the DGC/SU group, semen in the DDGC/SU group showed increased levels of the DNA fragmentation index (DFI) and reduced sperm concentration, percentage of progressive motility (PR) sperm, and percentage of normal morphology sperm. The indicators reflecting in vitro embryo development and clinical outcomes were similar in the DGC/SU group and DDGC/SU group, including the normal fertilization rate, top D3 embryo formation rate, blastocyte formation rate, pregnancy rate, implantation rate, spontaneous abortion rate, live birth rate, birth weight and duration of pregnancy. Furthermore, we found that the 1PN zygote formation rate was significantly lower in the DDGC/SU group than that in the DGC/SU group. We concluded that oocytes fertilized by sperm from poor semen samples separated by DDGC/SU achieved the same outcomes as oocytes fertilized by sperm from normal semen separated by DGC/SU, suggesting that DDGC/SU is an effective and safe method of sperm enrichment for poor semen samples in IVF. The main contribution of the present study is the verification of the effectiveness of DDGC/SU in improving sperm recovery from poor semen samples and the safety of using sperm prepared by DDGC/SU for IVF.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the risk of cardiovascular-specific hospitalizations with different types of antihypertensive triple combination therapy among patients enrolled in a Medicare Advantage Plan (MAP). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among patients with hypertension enrolled in a Texas MAP between January 2014 and December 2016. Antihypertensive combination therapy users were classified into three treatment groups: single-pill triple combination, fixed-dose dual combination plus a third agent, and free triple combination. Group differences were assessed using Chi-square tests for binary variables and Student's t tests for continuous variables. Cox proportional hazards model was performed to assess the association between type of combination therapy and risk of cardiovascular-specific hospitalization adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: A total of 10,836 triple combination users were identified. The risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) hospitalization for the fixed-dose dual combination plus a third agent group [hazard ratio (HR) 3.82, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.80-8.12] and for the free triple combination therapy group (HR 3.65, 95% CI 1.43-9.31) was significantly higher than for the single-pill triple combination group. CONCLUSION: Single-pill triple combination therapy was significantly associated with a lower risk of CVD hospitalizations in comparison to other types of triple combination therapy.

13.
EMBO J ; : e101679, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009252

RESUMO

Adult neural stem cells (NSCs) reside in specialized niches, which hold a balanced number of NSCs, their progeny, and other cells. How niche capacity is regulated to contain a specific number of NSCs remains unclear. Here, we show that ependyma-derived matricellular protein CCN1 (cellular communication network factor 1) negatively regulates niche capacity and NSC number in the adult ventricular-subventricular zone (V-SVZ). Adult ependyma-specific deletion of Ccn1 transiently enhanced NSC proliferation and reduced neuronal differentiation in mice, increasing the numbers of NSCs and NSC units. Although proliferation of NSCs and neurogenesis seen in Ccn1 knockout mice eventually returned to normal, the expanded NSC pool was maintained in the V-SVZ until old age. Inhibition of EGFR signaling prevented expansion of the NSC population observed in CCN1 deficient mice. Thus, ependyma-derived CCN1 restricts NSC expansion in the adult brain to maintain the proper niche capacity of the V-SVZ.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(3)2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973163

RESUMO

The transfer of genetic material from the mitochondria and plastid to the nucleus gives rise to nuclear integrants of mitochondrial DNA (NUMTs) and nuclear integrants of plastid DNA (NUPTs). This frequently occurring DNA transfer is ongoing and has important evolutionary implications. In this review, based on previous studies and the analysis of NUMT/NUPT insertions of more than 200 sequenced plant genomes, we analyzed and summarized the general features of NUMTs/NUPTs and highlighted the genetic consequence of organellar DNA insertions. The statistics of organellar DNA integrants among various plant genomes revealed that organellar DNA-derived sequence content is positively correlated with the nuclear genome size. After integration, the nuclear organellar DNA could undergo different fates, including elimination, mutation, rearrangement, fragmentation, and proliferation. The integrated organellar DNAs play important roles in increasing genetic diversity, promoting gene and genome evolution, and are involved in sex chromosome evolution in dioecious plants. The integrating mechanisms, involving non-homologous end joining at double-strand breaks were also discussed.

15.
J Environ Manage ; 260: 110103, 2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941634

RESUMO

The nitrogen removal in the aerobic granular sludge sequential batch reactor (AGS-SBR) can be achieved by the simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND) mode, or by the separated nitrification and denitrification stages. The SND offers a simpler operation structure than the separated nitrification and denitrification. Based on the mathematical simulation, a novel control strategy was put forward to adjust the DO (dissolved oxygen) concentration to achieve the SND under dynamic fluctuated influent conditions in AGS-SBR. The control strategy aimed to achieve a small accumulation of NH4+ at the end of the aeration cycle (NH4+ setpoint value), as previous research has indicated that keeping the small NH4+ setpoint value would guarantee the optimal condition for total nitrogen (TN) removal. The SBR aeration cycle was divided into several equal control intervals. The DO was adjusted in every control interval to reach the NH4+ set point. The results revealed that the control strategy was able to maintain the NH4+ setpoint value and achieve satisfactory TN removal. The control interval should be less than 30 min to prevent deviation of NH4+ concentration from its setpoint value. A minimum aeration duration of 3 h was required to achieve satisfactory SND.

16.
J Control Release ; 320: 73-82, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958479

RESUMO

Cardiac tissue engineering is of particular importance in the combination of contracting cells with a biomaterial scaffold, which serves as a cell-delivery construct, to replace cardiomyocytes (CMs) that are lost as a result of an infarction, to restore heart function. However, most biomaterial scaffolds are nonconductive and may delay regional conduction, potentially causing arrhythmias. In this study, a conductive CM-delivery construct that consists of a gelatin-based gelfoam that is conjugated with a self-doped conductive polymer (poly-3-amino-4-methoxybenzoic acid, PAMB) is proposed as a cardiac patch (PAMB-Gel patch) to repair an infarcted heart. A nonconductive plain gelfoam (Gel patch) is used as a control. The electrical conductivity of the PAMB-Gel patch is approximately 30 times higher than that of the Gel patch; as a result, the conductive PAMB-Gel patch can substantially increase electrical conduction between distinct clusters of beating CMs, facilitating their synchronous contraction. In vivo epicardial implantation of the PAMB-Gel patch that is seeded with CMs (the bioengineered patch) in infarcted rat hearts can significantly enhance electrical activity in the fibrotic tissue, improving electrical impulse propagation and synchronizing CM contraction across the scar region, markedly reducing its susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmias. Echocardiography shows that the bioengineered conductive patch has an important role in the restoration of cardiac function, perhaps owing to the synergistic effects of its conductive construct and the synchronously beating CMs. These experimental results reveal that the as-proposed bioengineered conductive patch has great potential for repairing injured cardiac tissues.

17.
J Control Release ; 320: 105-111, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978441

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is highly metastatic with very short survival and increasing mortality rates. Recent advances in therapeutic regimes and other adjuvant therapies improved slightly overall survival of pancreatic cancer, but fighting metastasis has been challenging and is necessary for achieving cure. Nanomedicine, not limited to drug delivery, offers opportunities for targeting cancer metastasis. Research regarding the prevention of metastasis of this malignancy is highly demanded. Herein, we focus on advances of nanomedicine-based strategies for targeting different stages of metastasis, including cancer stem cells, tumor microenvironment, circulating tumor cells and tumor exosomes. A greater emphasis on targeting metastasis of pancreatic cancer using nanomedicine-based strategies provides avenues for improving pancreatic cancer treatment outcomes in the future.

18.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950363

RESUMO

Osteoporotic bones heal more slowly and ineffectively than normal bones. A combination of antibodies against sclerosing protein (Scl-Ab), and parathyroid hormone 1-34 (PTH 1-34) may improve healing. A standard osteoporotic rat model was established 12 weeks after bilateral ovarian resection (OVX). Bone defects were created in the right femora of 80 rats, which were randomly divided into 4 groups: control, Scl-Ab (25 mg/kg twice weekly), PTH (60 µg/kg of PTH 1-34 three times a week) and PTH plus Scl-Ab. After 12 weeks of treatment the rats were sacrificed and blood and the distal femora were harvested for biochemical evaluation, histology, microcomputed tomography and biomechanical testing. Compared to the control group, monotherapy and combination therapy with PTH and/or Scl-Ab promoted the formation of new bone, enhanced maximum femoral loading and increased the levels of procollagen type I N­terminal propeptide (PINP) and osteocalcin. The administration of PTH + Scl-Ab maximally enhanced bone defect healing. Combination treatment was better than either treatment alone, indicating a synergistic effect.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951250

RESUMO

Cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine) is a naturally occurring adenosine analog and one of the bioactive constituents isolated from Cordyceps sinensis, species of the fungal genus Cordyceps. It has traditionally been a prized Chinese folk medicine for the human well-being. However, the actions of cordycepin against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/R) are still unknown. In the present study, rats were subject to I/R and cordycepin was intragastrically administered for seven consecutive days before surgery to investigate the effects and mechanisms of cordycepin against renal I/R injury. The test results of kidney and peripheral blood samples of experimental animals showed that cordycepin significantly decreased serum blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels and markedly attenuated cell injury. Mechanistic studies showed that cordycepin significantly regulated inflammation, apoptosis, and oxidative stress. These data provide new insights for investigating the natural product with the nephroprotective effect against I/R, which should be developed as a new therapeutic agent for the treatment of I/R in the future.

20.
Carbohydr Polym ; 230: 115640, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887895

RESUMO

Bone transplantations are still facing many serious challenges, hydrogel as a new kind of artificial bone substitutes has developed into a promising bone scaffold material. However, it is still a challenge to combine bioactive agents and hydrogel matrix to promote osteoinductivity. Herein, we developed a novel bioactive hydrogel based on arginine-based unsaturated poly (ester amide) (Arg-UPEA) and methacrylated hyaluronic acid (HA-MA) via photo-crosslinking. As the results indicated, we found that the introduction of Arg-UPEA into HA-MA hydrogels could finely modulate their compressive modulus, swelling level and porous structure. Besides, among groups of different feed ratio, groups of 10 % and 15 % of Arg-UPEA content effectively enhanced osteogenic differentiation in osteoblasts when compared with HA-MA hydrogel. Furthermore, better bone regeneration and expression of osteogenesis-related factors in vivo also verified the Arg-UPEA/HA-MA hybrid hydrogels as a promising scaffold material for bone tissue engineering.

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