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1.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625786

RESUMO

C-reactive protein (CRP) is a circulating marker of inflammation yet with ill-defined biological functions. This is partly due to the uncharacterized activities of endogenous CRP in mice, the major animal model used to define protein function. The hurdles for purification and characterization of mouse CRP are its low circulating levels and the lack of specific antibodies. To clear these hurdles, here we developed an efficient expression system by constructing recombinant Pichia pastoris cells for secretion of native conformation mouse CRP. The recombinant expression of mouse CRP in Escherichia coli failed to yield sufficient amount of native protein, reflecting the importance of post-translational modification of glycosylation in aiding proper folding. By contrast, sufficient amount of native mouse CRP was successfully purified from P. pastoris. Preliminary purification was performed by Nickel Chelating Sepharose Fast-Flow affinity chromatography with 6 × His tags attached to the protein. Subsequently, p-Aminophenyl Phosphoryl Choline Agarose resin affinity chromatography was used for tandem purification. The purified mouse CRP showed native pentamer and capabilities of PC binding. Moreover, the 6 × His tag provides a convenient tool for detecting the interactions of mouse CRP with ligands.

2.
Appl Radiat Isot ; 178: 109958, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598040

RESUMO

The TE101 mode rectangle EPR cavity was newly developed to achieve X-band in vivo EPR tooth dosimetry for the rescue of nuclear emergency. An aperture for sample detection was opened on the cavity's surface. Its characteristics were evaluated by measuring DPPH and intact human incisor samples. Remarkable radiation induced signal from EPR spectrum of 1Gy-8Gy irradiated teeth was observed. In vivo measurements of rat was performed to verify its application for in vivo tooth dosimetry.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582328

RESUMO

A strictly anaerobic, thermophilic, Gram-stain-negative bacterium, named as strain S15T, was isolated from oily sludge of Shengli oilfield in PR China. Cells of strain S15T were straight or slightly curved rods with 0.4-0.8 µm width × 1.4-3 µm length and occurred mostly in pairs or short chains. Endospore-formation was not observed. The strain grew optimally at 55 °C (range from 30-65 °C), pH 6.5 (pH 6.0-8.5) and 0-30 g l-1 NaCl (optimum with 10 g l-1 NaCl). Yeast extract was an essential growth factor for strain S15T. The major cellular fatty acid was iso-C15 : 0 (58.2 %), and the main polar lipids were amino phospholipid (APL), glycolipids (GLs) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). The G+C content of DNA of strain S15T was 52.2 mol%. Strain S15T shared 89.8 % 16S rRNA gene similarity with the most related organism Acetomicrobium hydrogeniformans DSM 22491T in the phylum Synergistetes. The paired genomic average amino acid identity (AAI) and percentage of conserved proteins (POCP) values showed relatedness of less than 58.0 and 39.7 % with type strains of the species in the phylum Synergistetes. On the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and phylogenomic evidences, strain S15T constitutes a novel species in a novel genus, for the name Thermosynergistes pyruvativorans gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S15T (=CCAM 583T=JCM 33159T). Thermosynergistaceae fam. nov. is also proposed.


Assuntos
Campos de Petróleo e Gás , Ácido Pirúvico , Anaerobiose , Bactérias , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(18): 2186-2195, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is a special type of breast cancer that occurs during pregnancy and within 1 year after childbirth. With the rapid social development and the adjustment of reproductive policies in China, the average age of females at first childbirth is increasing, which is expected to lead to an increase in the incidence of PABC. This study aimed to accumulate clinical experience and to investigate and summarize the prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of PABC based on large multicenter samples in China. METHODS: According to the Chinese Society of Breast Surgery, a total of 164 patients with PABC in 27 hospitals from January 2016 to December 2018 were identified. The pregnancy status, clinicopathological features, comprehensive treatment methods, and outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. Survival curves were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 164 patients of PABC accounted for 0.30% of the total number of cases in the same period; of which, 83 patients were diagnosed during pregnancy and 81 patients during lactation. The median age of PABC was 33 years (24-47 years). Stage I patients accounted for 9.1% (15/164), stage II 54.9% (90/164), stage III 24.4% (40/164), and stage IV 2.4% (4/164). About 9.1% (15/164) of patients were luminal A. Luminal B patients accounted the most (43.3% [71/164]). About 15.2% (25/164) of patients were human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her-2) overexpression and 18.9% (31/164) of patients were triple-negative breast cancer. For pregnancy breast cancer, 36.1% (30/83) of patients received direct surgery and 20.5% (17/83) received chemotherapy during pregnancy. About 31.3% (26/83) chose abortion or induction of labor. The median follow-up time was 36 months (3-59 months); 11.0% (18/164) patients had local recurrence or distant metastasis and 3.0% (5/164) died. CONCLUSIONS: It is safe and feasible to standardize surgery and chemotherapy for PABC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Gravidez , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525267

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The development of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is closely tied with the immune system. C-C motif chemokine ligands (CCL) were proved to lead to immune recruitment and training. Thus, we reckoned CCL2 to be the kernel of immune suppression in PDAC tissues. METHODS: We compared normal pancreatic tissues with PDAC tissues according to The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and clinical samples. Flow cytometry was used to identify M-MDSCs. We further demonstrated immune suppression of M-MDSCs according to proliferation rates of CD8+ T cells/CD4+ T cells. Levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and Arginase were also tested by flow cytometry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and western blot analysis. We also analyzed the specific mechanisms by cluster analysis after CCL2 stimulating M-MDSCs. RESULTS: We found that CCL2 highly increased in PDAC tissues. CCL2 is positively related to CD33 and CD14, markers of monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (M-MDSCs). We have demonstrated that CCL2 recruited M-MDSCs into PDAC tissues both in vitro and in vivo. M-MDSCs recruitment is accompanied by sustained immune suppression. Furthermore, we have found that M-MDSCs impeded T cell proliferation and produced high levels of ROS and Arginase, which can be enhanced by CCL2. Mechanistically, CCL2 stimulated M-MDSCs led to a significant upregulation of genes, a large part of which accumulated in the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway. Treatment of aloesin, MAPK signaling inhibitor, relieved the associated immunosuppressive phenotype induced by CCL2. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that PDAC cells produced CCL2, which promoted localized M-MDSC recruitment and immune suppression, thereby promoting tumor progression.

6.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(17): 21712-21728, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518442

RESUMO

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a common and fatal malignancy. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as crucial biomarkers and regulators in many cancers, warranting the detailed investigation of their biological functions and molecular mechanisms. In this study, we explored the role and mechanism of plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1), a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) in ccRCC tissues in vitro and in vivo. We found that PVT1 is upregulated in ccRCC cells and promoted cell proliferation. Bioinformatic analysis, dual-luciferase reporter assays, argonaute 2-RNA immunoprecipitation (AGO2-RIP), quantitative PCR arrays, western blot assay, and rescue experiments were conducted to explore the underlying mechanisms of PVT1. Our analyses revealed that miR-328-3p was a direct target of PVT1 and that FAM193B was a direct target of miR-328-3p. FAM193B is upregulated in ccRCC tissues and promotes cell proliferation by activating the MAPK/ERK and PI3K/AKT pathways. Our results indicated that PVT1 promotes ccRCC cells proliferation by sponging miR-328-3p to upregulate FAM193B and activate the MAPK/ERK and PI3K/AKT pathways. Collectively, these results suggest that PVT1- miR-328-3p-FAM193B loop could serve as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for ccRCC.

7.
Mol Biotechnol ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532832

RESUMO

Arginine decarboxylase (ADC) catalyzes the decarboxylation of arginine to form agmatine, an important physiological and pharmacological amine, and attracts attention to the enzymatic production of agmatine. In this study, we for the first time overexpressed and characterized the marine Shewanella algae ADC (SaADC) in Escherichia coli. The recombinant SaADC showed the maximum activity at pH 7.5 and 40 °C. The SaADC displayed previously unreported substrate inhibition when the substrate concentration was higher than 50 mM, which was the upper limit of testing condition in other reports. In the range of 1-80 mM L-arginine, the SaADC showed the Km, kcat, Ki, and kcat/Km values of 72.99 ± 6.45 mM, 42.88 ± 2.63 s-1, 20.56 ± 2.18 mM, and 0.59 s/mM, respectively, which were much higher than the Km (14.55 ± 1.45 mM) and kcat (12.62 ± 0.68 s-1) value obtained by assaying at 1-50 mM L-arginine without considering substrate inhibition. Both the kcat values of SaADC with and without substrate inhibition are the highest ones to the best of our knowledge. This provides a reference for the study of substrate inhibition of ADCs.

8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(9): 884-886, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). METHODS: The proband, with recurrence of blood in the stool, was diagnosed with FAP by endoscopy, pathological examination and a family history. She was subjected to next generation sequencing to detect genetic variant. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of members from her pedigree. RESULTS: The proband, her mother and brother were found to carry a heterozygous c.532-1G>A variant of the APC gene, which may lead to aberrant splicing of mRNA resulting in a truncated protein, which may lose its normal function and promote the tumorigenesis. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, c.532-1G>A variant of APC gene was predicted to be pathogenic(PVS1+PP1+PP4+PP5). CONCLUSION: The c.532-1G>A variant of the APC gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of FAP in this pedigree.


Assuntos
Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo , Genes APC , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/genética , Proteína da Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Linhagem
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445650

RESUMO

Cryo-electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) has become a routine technology for resolving the structure of biological macromolecules due to the resolution revolution in recent years. The specimens are typically prepared in a very thin layer of vitrified ice suspending in the holes of the perforated amorphous carbon film. However, the samples prepared by directly applying to the conventional support membranes may suffer from partial or complete denaturation caused by sticking to the air-water interface (AWI). With the application in materials, graphene has also been used recently to improve frozen sample preparation instead of a suspended conventional amorphous thin carbon. It has been proven that graphene or graphene oxide and various chemical modifications on its surface can effectively prevent particles from adsorbing to the AWI, which improves the dispersion, adsorbed number, and orientation preference of frozen particles in the ice layer. Their excellent properties and thinner thickness can significantly reduce the background noise, allowing high-resolution three-dimensional reconstructions using a minimum data set.


Assuntos
Microscopia Crioeletrônica/métodos , Grafite/química , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Água/química
10.
Neurochem Int ; 150: 105171, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419525

RESUMO

Gastrodin, which is extracted from the Chinese herbal medicine Gastrodia elata Blume, can ameliorate neurogenesis after cerebral ischemia. However, it's possible underlying mechanisms remain still elusive. PDE9-cGMP-PKG signaling pathway is involved in the proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs) after cerebral ischemia. In this study, we investigated whether the beneficial effect of gastrodin on hippocampal neurogenesis after cerebral ischemia is correlated with the PDE9-cGMP-PKG signaling pathway. Bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) in mice and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) in primary cultured hippocampal NSCs were used to mimic brain ischemic injury. The Morris water maze (MWM) test was executed to detect spatial learning and memory. Proliferation, differentiation, and mature neurons were examined using immunofluorescence. The survival and proliferation of NSCs were assessed by CCK-8 assay and BrdU immunofluorescence staining, respectively. ELISA and western blot were used to detect the level of the PDE9-cGMP-PKG signaling pathway. In BCCAO mice, administering gastrodin (50 and 100 mg/kg) for 14 d restored cognitive behaviors; meanwhile, neurogenesis in hippocampus was stimulated, and PDE9 was inhibited and cGMP-PKG was activated by gastrodin. Consistent with the results, administering gastrodin (from 0.01-1 µmol/L) for 48 h dose-dependently ameliorated the cell viability and promoted greatly the proliferation in primary hippocampal NSCs exposed to OGD/R. Gastrodin further decreased PDE9 activity and up-regulated cGMP-PKG level. KT5823, a PKG inhibitor, markedly abrogated the protective effects of gastrodin on OGD/R-injured NSCs, accompanied by the down-regulation of PKG protein expression, but had no effects on PDE9 activity and cGMP level. Gastrodin could accelerate hippocampal neurogenesis after cerebral ischemia, which is mediated, at least partly, by PDE9-cGMP-PKG signaling pathway.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(31): e26691, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) and lumboperitoneal shunt (LPS) remain the mainstay of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH). There are no randomized controlled trials completed to compare the efficacy of these 2 shunt techniques. METHODS/DESIGN: We will conduct a monocentric, assessor-blinded, and randomized controlled trial titled "Comparison of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt to Lumboperitoneal Shunt for the treatment of Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: Phase I (COVLINPH-1)" trial and recruit patients at West China Hospital of Sichuan University since June 2021. And this trial is expected to end in December 2030. Eligible participants will be randomly assigned into LPS group and VPS group at ratio of 1:1 followed by evaluation before surgery, 1 month, 12 months, and 5 years after surgery. The primary outcome is the rate of shunt failure within 5 years. The secondary outcomes include modified Rankin Scale (mRS), INPH grading scale (INPHGS), mini-mental state examination (MMSE), and Evans index. We will calculate the rate of favorable outcome, which is defined as shunt success and an improvement of more than 1 point in the mRS at evaluation point. We will also analyze the complications throughout the study within 5 years after shunt insertion. DISCUSSION: The results of this trial will provide state-of-the-art evidence on the treatment option for patients with INPH, and will also generate the discussion regarding this subject. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2000031555; Pre-results.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia de Pressão Normal/cirurgia , Peritônio/cirurgia , Espaço Subaracnóideo/cirurgia , Derivação Ventriculoperitoneal , Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Drenagem/métodos , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Método Simples-Cego , Derivação Ventriculoperitoneal/efeitos adversos
12.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; : 1-13, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378481

RESUMO

Emerging evidence suggests that KIF11 could play a pivotal role in cancer cell proliferation; however, its biological functions and molecular mechanisms in Wilms tumor (WT) cells are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance and therapeutic potential of KIF11 proteins in WT. KIF11 expression in WT tissues and adjacent nontumor tissues was determined using qRT-PCR, Western blotting, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and bioinformatics. The function of KIF11 protein was determined by its correlation with tumor cell growth, angiogenesis, and apoptosis using IHC and lentiviral vector-mediated KIF11 depletion. KIF11 expression was upregulated in WT tissues and was associated with WT clinical outcomes. Tumor KIF11 expression was significantly associated with the Ki67 proliferation index. CCK-8, flow-cytometric analysis, and Western blotting revealed that KIF11 knockdown significantly inhibited WT cell growth. Functional studies have indicated that increased KIF11 expression is significantly correlated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and intratumoral microvessel density. We further confirmed that downregulated expression of KIF11 promoted cell apoptosis and significantly increased Bcl-2 and Bax expression. Our findings demonstrate that KIF11 plays a role in promoting the development of human WT and can serve as a potential molecular marker for the treatment of WT.

14.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255627, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that anesthetic techniques can influence patient outcomes following cancer surgery. However, the effects of anesthesia in patients undergoing glioblastoma surgery are still not known. We studied the relationship between the type of anesthesia and patient outcomes following elective glioblastoma surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent elective glioblastoma surgery between January 2008 and December 2018. Patients were grouped according to the anesthesia they received, desflurane or propofol. A Kaplan-Meier analysis was conducted, and survival curves were presented from the date of surgery to death. Univariable and multivariable Cox regression models were used to compare hazard ratios for death after propensity matching. RESULTS: A total of 50 patients (45 deaths, 90.0%) under desflurane anesthesia and 53 patients (38 deaths, 72.0%) under propofol anesthesia were included. Thirty-eight patients remained in each group after propensity matching. Propofol anesthesia was associated with improved survival (hazard ratio, 0.51; 95% confidence interval, 0.30-0.85; P = 0.011) in a matched analysis. Furthermore, patients under propofol anesthesia exhibited less postoperative recurrence than those under desflurane anesthesia (hazard ratio, 0.60; 95% confidence interval, 0.37-0.98; P = 0.040) in a matched analysis. CONCLUSIONS: In this limited sample size, we observed that propofol anesthesia was associated with improved survival and less postoperative recurrence in glioblastoma surgery than desflurane anesthesia. Further investigations are needed to examine the influence of propofol anesthesia on patient outcomes following glioblastoma surgery.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(30): e26780, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397727

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Until now, target-controlled infusion of remifentanil with midazolam in percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty for dysfunctional hemodialysis fistulas has not been described. Here, we investigate 2 effect-site concentrations of remifentanil with intermittent bolus midazolam for percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty under monitored anesthesia care. METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled trial including patients who received a percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty between March 2019 and March 2021 was conducted. Group 1 and Group 2 were, respectively, administered an initial effect-site concentration of remifentanil of 1.0 and 2.0 ng/mL by a target-controlled infusion pump with Minto model. In both groups, maintenance of the effect-site concentration of remifentanil was adjusted upward and downward by 0.5 ng/mL with intermittent bolus midazolam to keep the Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation scale between 2 and 4, mean arterial pressure and heart rate at baseline levels ±â€Š30%, and patient comfort (remaining moveless). The primary outcome was to determine the appropriate effect-site concentration of remifentanil for the procedure in terms of patient comfort (remaining moveless), hemodynamic conditions, and adverse events. Secondary endpoints included the total dosage of anesthetics and total times of target-controlled infusion pump adjustments. RESULTS: A total of 40 patients in Group 1 and 40 patients in Group 2 were eligible for analysis. Most parameters were insignificantly different between 2 groups, except Group 1 having higher peripheral oxygen saturation, while local anesthetic injection compared with Group 2. In addition, Group 1 patients had less apnea with desaturation (peripheral oxygen saturation < 90%; 0 vs 6, P = .034), less remifentanil consumption (189.65 ±â€Š69.7 vs 243.8 ±â€Š76.1 µg, P = .001), but more intraoperative movements affecting the procedure (14 vs 4; P = .016), total times of target-controlled infusion pump adjustment [2 (1-4) vs 1 (1-2), P < .001] compared with Group 2. CONCLUSION: In percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty for dysfunctional hemodialysis fistulas, target-controlled infusion with remifentanil Minto model target 2.0 ng/mL with 3 to 4 mg midazolam use provided appropriate hemodynamic conditions, sufficient sedation and analgesia, and acceptable apnea with desaturation.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Intravenosos/administração & dosagem , Angioplastia , Midazolam/administração & dosagem , Remifentanil/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Anestesia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(14): 9805-9816, 2021 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228927

RESUMO

Varying transport potential of cationic, zwitterionic, and anionic per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) may pose challenges for remediation of aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) impacted sites, particularly during groundwater extraction. Slow desorption of stronger sorbing, zwitterionic, and cationic PFASs may cause extended remediation times and rebound in aqueous PFAS concentrations. Persulfate oxidation has the potential to convert a complex mixture of PFASs into a simpler and more recoverable mixture of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs). AFFF-impacted soils were treated with heat-activated persulfate in batch reactors and subjected to 7-day leaching experiments. Soil and water were analyzed using a combination of targeted and high resolution liquid chromatography mass spectrometry techniques as well as the total oxidizable precursors assay. Following oxidation, total PFAS composition showed the expected shift to a higher fraction of PFAAs, and this led to higher total PFAS leaching in pretreated reactors (108-110%) vs control reactors (62-90%). In both pretreated and control soils, precursors that remained following leaching experiments were 61-100% cationic and zwitterionic. Results suggest that persulfate pretreatment of soils has promise as an enhanced recovery technique for remediation of total PFASs in impacted soils. They also demonstrate that PFAS distribution may have been altered at sites where in situ chemical oxidation was applied to treat co-occurring contaminants of concern.


Assuntos
Fluorcarbonetos , Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Temperatura Alta , Solo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
17.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 167: 49-67, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332254

RESUMO

In plants, NO has been proved the function of improving abiotic stress resistance. However, the role of NO in the lignin metabolism of okra under cold stress has not been clarified. Here, histochemical staining and lignin content analysis showed that cold stress promoted the lignin accumulation of cold stored okra pods, and NO inhibited the lignin accumulation and delayed lignification process. To better understand the roles of NO in okra cold stress resistance mechanism, the full-length transcriptome data of 'Hokkaido' was analyzed. The SNP-treated okra transcriptome and cPTIO-treated okra transcriptome were obtained. A total of 41957 unigenes were screened out from three groups at 10 d, among which, 33, 78 and 18 DEGs were found in ddH2O-treat, SNP-treat and cPTIO-treat group, respectively. Transcriptomic data suggested that the genes involved in lignin biosynthesis showed downregulation under SNP treatment. Transcriptomic data and enzyme activity showed that exogenous NO significantly promoted the biosynthesis of endogenous NO by enhancing NOS activity. Transcriptomic data and plant hormone data showed that NO played an important role in the process of inhibiting the ethylene and ABA synthesis mechanism of okra and thereby reducing the endogenous ethylene and ABA content under chilling stress. Relevant physiological data showed that NO helped to the protection of ROS scavenging system and removed the MDA and H2O2 induced by cold stress. These results provided a reference for studying the molecular mechanism of nitric oxide delaying the lignification of okra, and also provided a theoretical basis for postharvest storage of vegetables.

18.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 35(11): 3452-3453, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103219
19.
Mol Immunol ; 137: 28-40, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34186454

RESUMO

Intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy (IAIC), using immunomodulatory cisplatin, is a novel treatment for bladder cancer (BC) that allows the delivery of specific drugs to the local malignant lesion. To explore the immunomodulatory effect of cisplatin during IAIC, we detected the proportion of immunosuppressed cells in BC tissue from eight BC patients, with the reduction of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), more specifically fibrocytic-MDSCs (f-MDSCs). Further, we demonstrated that cisplatin inhibits their proliferation and immunosuppressive activity. f-MDSCs promote tumor proliferation and metastasis in the BC immune environment. Then, we analyzed the genetic differences detected in samples before and after chemotherapy and found that granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (G-CSF) decreased after IAIC. Furthermore, G-CSF methylation decreased following treatment with cisplatin. Specifically, treatment with cisplatin decreased the methylase (METTL3) levels in BC cells, which is important for G-CSF production. Collectively, cisplatin decreased the number of f-MDSCs during IAIC, by blocking G-CSF methylation via targeting METTL3.


Assuntos
Cisplatino/farmacologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Infusões Intra-Arteriais/métodos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo
20.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 602: 646-653, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34153705

RESUMO

Application of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) on sensors is of great interest for researchers. Film forming ability of the sensing material is very important for both the preparation process and sensing properties of the devices. Humidity sensors based on UIO-66 derived polyelectrolyte films were well prepared by in situ thiol-ene click cross-linking polymerization in this work. The hydrophilicity of the sensing film could be controlled by the feed ratios. The optimized humidity sensor shows a fast response to RHs change (Res/Rec time is 3.1 s/1.5 s, respectively) with ∼1.2% RH of humidity hysteresis. The water molecules adsorption behavior of the film and the sensing mechanism were also be investigated. The humidity sensor with good water and thermal stability and repeatability was applied in breath monitoring, which can well distinguish different breath states.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Umidade , Polieletrólitos , Compostos de Sulfidrila , Água
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