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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(4): 1972-1981, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377602

RESUMO

Melanoma is a very aggressive form of skin cancer. Although BRAF inhibitors have been utilized for melanoma therapy, advanced melanoma patients still face a low five-year survival rate. Recent studies have shown that CRAF can compensate for BRAF depletion via regulating DNA synthesis to remain melanoma proliferation. Hence, targeting CRAF either alone or in combination with other protein pathways is a potential avenue for melanoma therapy. Based on our previously reported CRAF-selective inhibitor for renal cancer therapy, we have herein discovered an analogue (complex 1) from the reported CRAF library suppresses melanoma cell proliferation and melanoma tumour growth in murine models of melanoma via blocking the S100B and RAF pathways. Intriguingly, we discovered that inhibiting BRAF together with S100B exerts a novel synergistic effect to significantly restore p53 transcription activity and inhibit melanoma cell proliferation, whereas blocking BRAF together with CRAF only had an additive effect. We envision that blocking the pan-RAF and S100B/p53 pathways might be a novel synergistic strategy for melanoma therapy and that complex 1 is a potential inhibitor against melanoma via blocking the pan-RAF and S100B pathways.

2.
ACS Sens ; 6(1): 166-174, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356166

RESUMO

Lysosomes are membrane-bound organelles that regulate protein degradation and cellular organelle recycling. Homeostatic alteration by lysosomotropic compounds has been suggested as a potential approach for the treatment of cancer. However, because of the high false-negative rate resulting from strong fluorescent background noise, few luminescent high-throughput screening methods for lysosomotropic compounds have been developed for cancer therapy. Imidazole is a five-membered heterocycle that can act within the acidic interior of lysosomes. To develop an efficient lysosomotropic compound screening system, we introduced an imidazole group to iridium-based complexes and designed a long-lifetime lysosomal probe to monitor lysosomal activity in living cells. By integrating time-resolved emission spectroscopy (TRES) with the novel iridium-based lysosomal probe, a high-throughput screening platform capable of overcoming background fluorescent interference in living cells was developed for discovering lysosomotropic drugs. As a proof-of-concept, 400 FDA/EMA-approved drugs were screened using the TRES system, revealing five compounds as potential lysosomotropic agents. Significantly, the most promising potent lysosomotropic compound (mitoxantrone) identified in this work would have showed less activity if screened using a commercial lysosomal probe because of interference from the intrinsic fluorescence of mitoxantrone. We anticipate that this TRES-based high-throughput screening system could facilitate the development of more lysosomotropic drugs by avoiding false results arising from the intrinsic fluorescence of both bioactive compounds and/or the cell background.

3.
Infect Agent Cancer ; 15(1): 72, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The solid transport media is a small size card that allows fast, easy DNA extraction from a variety of biological samples. In 2016 we developed a solid media transport card; for that pilot study to control the self-collection we used a pseudo-self-collection technique. The current study expands this prior work using true self-collections and only the POI card, and aims to evaluate the solid media transport card to detect HR-HPV in self-samples compared to liquid transport media. METHODS: Ten thousand eight hundred eighty-five women between the ages of 30-59 with no screening for 3 years were enrolled. The self-collected sample was first applied to a new solid media transport card (Labeled as SC) then the brush placed in 6 ml ThinPrep liquid (Labeled as SL). Then a physician collected a direct endocervical specimen into ThinPrep liquid (Labeled as DL). Samples were tested with Cobas 4800 and the SeqHPV NGS assay for HR-HPV. Patients positive on any test were recalled for colposcopy and biopsy. RESULTS: Ten thousand three hundred thirty-nine participants had complete data. The mean age was 43.9 years. CIN 2+ rates were 1.4% (142/10339). The agreement in HPV detection between the two different self-sample collection media was also good (Cobas HPV kappa = 0.86; SeqHPV kappa = 0.98). Tested with Cobas, the sensitivity of Cobas-SL and Cobas-SC for CIN 2+ was95.07 and 94.37%; and for CIN3+ was 96.30, 96.30% respectively. The specificity of Cobas-SC, and Cobas-SL for CIN2+ was 88.74 and 87.35%; for CIN3 was 88.04and 86.65% respectively. Tested with SeqHPV, the sensitivity for CIN2+ of Seq-SC and Seq-SL was 95.77 and 96.48%; for CIN3+, both the SC and SL specimens had a sensitivity of 100%. The specificity for CIN2+ of Seq-SC and Seq-SL was 89.54 and 89.53%; for CIN3+ was 88.84,88.82% respectively. For both HR-HPV assays, the sensitivities were similar for the two self-sample media (SC vs SL, p = 1.00). CONCLUSIONS: The solid transport card for collecting vaginal self-samples as accurate as liquid transport media assayed by two different PCR based HR-HPV tests. The solid transport media is a suitable medium for collecting and storing vaginal self-samples.

4.
Front Chem ; 8: 767, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33088800

RESUMO

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin that is widespread throughout the world. It contaminates foods such as vegetables, fruits, and rice. It harms human health and has potential carcinogenic effects. The G-quadruplex (G4) is a tetraplexed DNA structure generated from guanine-rich DNA that has found emerging use in aptamer-based sensing systems. This review outlines the status of OTA contamination and conventional detection methods for OTA. Various G4-based methods to detect OTA developed in recent years are summarized along with their advantages and disadvantages compared to existing approaches.

5.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is effective in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia (AGA). AIMS: The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of PRP on the proliferation of human follicle dermal papilla cells (HFDPCs), to observe the effect of PRP on the growth of hair follicles and hair shaft in vitro, to measure growth factors, and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PRP injection. PATIENTS/METHODS: The effect of PRP on the proliferation of HFDPCs was observed. The length of hair follicle and hair shaft in vitro was measured. Then, the concentration of growth factors (EGF, FGF-2, FGF-7, IGF-1, HGF, PDGF-BB, and VEGF-A) was evaluated. Half-head injection of PRP was conducted to 10 males. Three treatments were conducted at 30-day intervals. Digital photographs were taken; hair diameter, hair density, unit density of hair follicles, and terminal hair/ vellus hair were analyzed. RESULTS: Platelet-rich plasma significantly promoted the proliferation of HFDPCs. Under the PRP culture, the hair follicle and hair shaft were grown, and the hair growth length on the 3rd and 6th days was greater than that of the control. PRP contained growth factors such as EGF, FGF-2, FGF-7, IGF-1, HGF, PDGF-B, and VEGF-A. Hair diameter, hair density, and unit hair follicle density on the PRP injection side peaked in the 6th month. The terminal hair/ vellus hair of the PRP injection side reached a peak in the 4th month. The average patient satisfaction during the entire treatment was 5.4 points (0-10 points). CONCLUSION: Platelet-rich plasma can promote hair growth. PRP injection is safe and effective for the treatment of AGA.

6.
Drug Discov Today ; 25(9): 1754-1761, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679172

RESUMO

S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100B) is overexpressed in various malignant tumors, where it regulates cancer cell proliferation and metabolism by physical interactions with other molecules. Interfering with S100B-effector protein interactions is a potential strategy to treat malignant tumors. Although some S100B inhibitors have been discovered by virtual screening (VS), most target the S100B-p53 interaction. Hence, there is scope for the discovery of other S100B-effector protein interaction modulators for malignant tumors. In this review, we provide an overview of S100B-effector protein interaction inhibitor discovery using VS and discuss promising S100B-effector protein interaction targets that permit in silico analysis for drug discovery.

7.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(41): 17897-17902, 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649787

RESUMO

Gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPr) plays proliferative and inflammatory roles in living systems. Here, we report a highly selective GRPr antagonist (JMV594)-tethered iridium(III) complex for probing GRPr in living cancer cells and immune cells. This probe exhibited desirable photophysical properties and also displayed negligible cytotoxicity, overcoming the inherent toxicity of the iridium(III) complex. Its long emission lifetime enabled its luminescence signal to be readily distinguished from the interfering fluorescence of organic dyes by using a time-resolved technique. This probe selectively visualized living cancer cells via specific binding to GRPr, while it also modulated the function of GRPr on TNF-α secretion in immune cells. To our knowledge, this is the first peptide-conjugated iridium(III) complex developed as a GRPr bioimaging probe and modulator of GRPr activity. This theranostic agent shows great potential at unmasking the diverse roles of GRPr in living systems.

8.
Bioresour Technol ; 307: 123185, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244075

RESUMO

The inhibition of denitrification by heavy metals is a problem in nitrogen wastewater treatment, but the solutions are rarely studied. In this study, Pseudomonas brassicacearum LZ-4, immobilized in sodium alginate-kaolin, was applied in an activated-sludge reactor to protect denitrifiers from hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)). Q-PCR result showed that the strain LZ-4 was incorporated into activated sludge under the help of immobilization. In the non-bioaugmentation system, the removal efficiency of nitrate was decreased by 86.07% by 30 mg/L Cr(VI). Whereas, denitrification was protected and 95% of nitrate was removed continuously in immobilized-cell bioaugmentation system. Miseq sequencing data showed that bioaugmentation decreased the impact of Cr(VI) on microbial communities and increased the abundance of denitrifiers. Based on the results of biomass and extracellular polymers, activated sludge was protected from Cr(VI) toxicity. This discovery will provide a feasible technique for nitrogen wastewater treatment in the presence of distressing heavy metals.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Purificação da Água , Reatores Biológicos , Desnitrificação , Nitrogênio , Esgotos
9.
Oncol Lett ; 19(4): 3316-3332, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256826

RESUMO

Cervical Cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-associated mortality in women. The present study aimed to identify key genes and pathways involved in cervical cancer (CC) progression, via a comprehensive bioinformatics analysis. The GSE63514 dataset from the Gene Expression Omnibus database was analyzed for hub genes and cancer progression was divided into four phases (phases I-IV). Pathway enrichment, protein-protein interaction (PPI) and pathway crosstalk analyses were performed, to identify key genes and pathways using a criterion nodal degree ≥5. Gene pathway analysis was determined by mapping the key genes into the key pathways. Co-expression between key genes and their effect on overall survival (OS) time was assessed using The Cancer Genome Atlas database. A total of 3,446 differentially expressed genes with 107 hub genes were identified within the four phases. A total of 14 key genes with 11 key pathways were obtained, following extraction of ≥5 degree nodes from the PPI and pathway crosstalk networks. Gene pathway analysis revealed that CDK1 and CCNB1 regulated the cell cycle and were activated in phase I. Notably, the following terms, 'pathways in cancer', 'focal adhesion' and the 'PI3K-Akt signaling pathway' ranked the highest in phases II-IV. Furthermore, FN1, ITGB1 and MMP9 may be associated with metastasis of tumor cells. STAT1 was indicated to predominantly function at the phase IV via cancer-associated signaling pathways, including 'pathways in cancer' and 'Toll-like receptor signaling pathway'. Survival analysis revealed that high ITGB1 and FN1 expression levels resulted in significantly worse OS. CDK1 and CCNB1 were revealed to regulate proliferation and differentiation through the cell cycle and viral tumorigenesis, while FN1 and ITGB1, which may be developed as novel prognostic factors, were co-expressed to induce metastasis via cancer-associated signaling pathways, including PI3K-Art signaling pathway, and focal adhesion in CC; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms require further research.

10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 951-957, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751197

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive, rod shaped and anaerobic bacterium, designated as W6T, was isolated from Shengli oilfield in China. Strain W6T was observed to grow from 20 to 45 °C with pH 6.5-9.0 (optimally at 40 °C and pH of 7.5) and without addition of NaCl. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 (29.1%), C14 : 0 (27.0%) and C16 : 0 (12.2%), and the main polar lipids were lipids (L) and aminolipids (AL). The DNA G+C content is 42.9 mol%. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain W6T showed highest similarities to Tissierella creatinini DSM 9508T (94.9%) and Soehngenia saccharolytica DSM 12858T (94.1%). The morphological, physiological, biochemical, phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses demonstrated strain W6T (CCAM 534T=DSM 28124T=CGMCC 1.5291T) represents a novel species in a new genus, for which the name Gudongella oleilytica gen. nov. sp. nov. is proposed. The family Tissierellaceae is proposed as a new family containing the genera Anaerosalibacter, Gudongella, Keratinibaculum, Soehngenia, Sporanaerobacter, Tepidimicrobium, Tissierella, Urmitella and species Clostridium ultunense based on the phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses.


Assuntos
Firmicutes/classificação , Campos de Petróleo e Gás/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Firmicutes/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(16): 3249-3260, 2020 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647090

RESUMO

Protein biomarkers, particularly abnormally expressed receptor proteins, have been proved to be one of the crucial biomarkers for the rapid assessment, diagnosis, prognosis and prediction of specific human diseases. Transition metal based strategies in particular possess delightful strengths in the in-field and real-time visualization of receptor proteins owing to their unique photophysical properties. In this review, we highlight recent advances in the development of detection methods for receptor protein biomarkers using transition metal based approaches, particularly those employing transition metal complexes. We first discuss the strengths and weaknesses of various strategies used for protein biomarker monitoring in live cells. We then describe the principles of the various sensing platforms and their application for receptor protein detection. Finally, we discuss the challenges and future inspirations in this specific field.

12.
Oncol Lett ; 18(6): 5995-6007, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788074

RESUMO

The present study aimed to identify the core genes and pathways involved in depression in patients with ovarian cancer (OC) who suffer from high or low-grade depression. The dataset GSE9116 from Gene Expression Omnibus database was analyzed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in these patients. To elucidate how certain genes could promote depression in patients with OC, pathway crosstalk, protein-protein interaction (PPI) and comprehensive gene-pathway analyses were determined using WebGestalt, ToppGene and Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes and gene ontology analysis. Key genes and pathways were extracted from the gene-pathway network, and gene expression and survival analysis were evaluated. A total of 93 DEGs were identified from GSE9116 dataset, including 84 upregulated genes and nine downregulated genes. The PPI, pathway crosstalk and comprehensive gene-pathway analyses highlighted C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), Fos proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit (FOS), serpin family E member 1 (SERPINE1) and serpin family G member 1 (SERPING1) as core genes involved in the promotion of depression in patients with OC. These core genes were involved in the following four pathways 'Ensemble of genes encoding ECM-associated proteins including ECM-affiliated proteins', 'ECM regulators and secreted factors', 'Ensemble of genes encoding extracellular matrix and extracellular matrix-associated proteins' and 'MAPK signaling pathway and IL-17 signaling pathway'. The results from gene expression and survival analysis demonstrated that these four key genes were upregulated in patients with OC and high-grade depression and could worsen patients' survival. These results suggested that CCL2, FOS, SERPINE1 and SERPING1 may serve a crucial role in the promotion of depression in patients with OC. This finding may provide novel markers for predicting and treating depression in patients with OC; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown and require further investigation.

13.
Molecules ; 24(24)2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817099

RESUMO

As protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are highly involved in most cellular processes, the discovery of PPI inhibitors that mimic the structure of the natural protein partners is a promising strategy toward the discovery of PPI inhibitors. In this review, we discuss recent advances in the application of virtual screening for identifying mimics of protein partners. The classification and function of the mimicking protein partner inhibitor discovery by virtual screening are described. We anticipate that this review would be of interest to medicinal chemists and chemical biologists working in the field of protein-protein interaction inhibitors or probes.


Assuntos
Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Interface Usuário-Computador , Desenho de Fármacos , Descoberta de Drogas , Humanos , Ligação Proteica , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas
14.
J Endocrinol ; 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518992

RESUMO

Progesterone is an important hormone for female reproduction, however, how the fluctuation of progesterone acts upon reproductive processes remains largely unknown. Mounting evidence indicates a pivotal role of the circadian clock in sensing hormone dynamics for homeostatic regulation of physiological functions. Therefore, we sought to determine whether clock genes respond to progesterone signaling in female reproductive system. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the circadian system could respond to progesterone signaling during human endometrial decidual transformation. The expression of the circadian gene PER1 increased immediately and remained elevated during human endometrial decidualization. The progesterone receptor activated PER1 transcription by directly binding to its promoter from the onset of the stromal proliferation-differentiation transition. PER1 knockout significantly downregulated the expression of some PGR target genes, and attenuated human endometrial decidual transformation by expediting FOXO1 protein degradation. In conclusion, progesterone could control the female reproductive process through sustained feedback from the circadian gene PER1, which is probably involved to P4-PR signaling responsiveness in the initiation and maintenance of decidualization.

15.
ACS Omega ; 4(5): 9228-9234, 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460012

RESUMO

The peptidyl-prolyl isomerase Pin1 is correlated with the progression of cervical cancer via regulating numerous oncogenic and tumor suppressor pathways. p65 is a crucial regulator of tumorigenesis that is regulated by Pin1, and p65 signaling suppression can enhance the antitumor efficacy of doxorubicin (DOX). Here, we utilized a structural mimicry approach to synthesize a series of dibenzothiophene analogues and evaluated their ability to inhibit Pin1 activity. Compound 1a was identified as a potent Pin1 inhibitor that inhibited p65 signaling in vitro and in cervical cancer cells. Moreover, compound 1a enhanced the cytotoxicity of DOX in cervical cancer cells via reducing p65 nuclear accumulation and enhancing DOX uptake. These compounds are promising scaffolds for developing more potent Pin1 inhibitors against cervical cancer, either alone or in combination with anticancer drugs such as DOX.

16.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357712

RESUMO

Targeting apoptosis is a principal strategy in the design of anticancer drugs. In recent years, non-platinum-based scaffolds have been exploited as viable candidates for the exploitation of anticancer agents with potentially lower toxicity than the widely used cisplatin analogues. This review highlights the latest advances in developing iridium(III) complexes as anticancer agents that act particularly via targeting apoptotic cell death in cancer cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Irídio , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Irídio/química , Metais/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 240: 130-138, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a common pregnancy complication, affecting 5-8% of pregnancies worldwide. The specific mechanism of pre-eclampsia remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to apply bioinformatics approach to reveal related pathways or genes involving in the development of pre-eclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: The gene expression profiles of GSE9984 and GSE4707 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differentially expressed genes analysis was performed by GEO2R. The Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) was applied to analyze the functional enrichment, gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway of the differentially expressed genes. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) was conducted using the software GSEA v3.0. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) relationships were evaluated by the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING) and network visualization was constructed by the Cytoscape. Cell count kits-8 (CCK-8), transwell migration assay and tube formation assay were performed. RESULTS: A total of 160 common differentially expressed genes were extracted. Transforming growth factor (TGF) beta signaling pathway was shown to be notable in the development of pre-eclampsia. ENG, a key gene of TGF-ß signaling pathway, inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of both HTR-8/SVneo cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and additionally suppressed the capillary formation of HUVECs. CONCLUSION: Bioinformatics approach combined with cell experiments in this study revealed that TGF-ß signaling pathway was critical for the development of pre-eclampsia, and efficient biomarkers underlying this pathway need to be further investigated.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Pré-Eclâmpsia/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Biologia Computacional , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Transcriptoma
18.
Oncol Lett ; 18(1): 617-628, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289534

RESUMO

Cervical, endometrial and vulvar cancer are three common types of gynecological tumor that threaten the health of females worldwide. Since their underlying mechanisms and associations remain unclear, a comprehensive and systematic bioinformatics analysis is required. The present study downloaded GSE63678 from the GEO database and then performed functional enrichment analyses, including gene ontology and pathway analysis. To further investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the three types of gynecological cancer, protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis was performed. A biological network was generated with the guidance of the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database and was presented in Cytoscape. A total of 1,219 DEGs were identified for the three types of cancer, and 25 hub genes were revealed. Pathway analysis and the PPI network indicated that four main types of pathway participate in the mechanism of gynecological cancer, including viral infections and cancer formation, tumorigenesis and development, signal transduction, and endocrinology and metabolism. A preliminary gynecological cancer biological network was constructed. Notably, following all analysis, the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway was identified as a potential biomarker pathway. Seven pivotal hub genes (CCNA2, CDK1, CCND1, FGF2, IGF1, BCL2 and VEGFA) of the three gynecological cancer types were proposed. The seven hub genes may serve as targets in gynecological cancer for prevention and early intervention. The PI3K/Akt pathway was identified as a critical biomarker of the three types of gynecological cancer, which may serve a role in the pathogenesis. In summary, the present study provided evidence that could support the treatment of gynecologic tumors in the future.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 48(26): 9824-9830, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147654

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF165), an important glycosylated protein from the VEGF family, is a type of signal protein highly associated with the development and progression of cancers. In this work, we designed a G-quadruplex-based aptasensing platform for the sensitive and selective detection of VEGF165 in aqueous solution and red blood cell solution. A long-lived phosphorescence iridium(iii) complex (1) with promising photophysical properties and a large Stokes shift was chosen as a selective G-quadruplex probe. The platform could achieve a limit of detection (LOD) down to the picomolar level using a conventional fluorometer. Furthermore, we successfully applied the platform to a three-step suspended droplet (SD)-based microfluidic device for the monitoring of VEGF165. In contrast to the channel-based and digital microfluidic chips, SD-based chips allow easy introduction of liquid samples, valve-free manipulation of multiple reaction steps and flexible volume range. Importantly, polypropylene (PP), a hydrophobic and thermally stable material, was chosen as a substrate to fabricate the chip for the SD-based microfluidic device. The PP-based chip allows the combination of superhydrophobic force, gravity and surface tension for effective driving of the suspended droplet throughout the channel without reverse migration. After assembling all the major components, including a UV lamp, a rotatable chip holder, a filter and a camera into the portable device, we successfully demonstrated the applicability of the device to detect VEGF165 in aqueous solution with a LOD of 0.33 nM at a signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) of 3 and a linear range of 1-100 nM.


Assuntos
Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas , Oligonucleotídeos/química , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/análise , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula
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