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1.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(1): 15-20, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144903

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Zusanli" (ST36) on the ultrastructure and mitochondrial dynamics of skeletal muscle tissue in spleen qi deficiency rats, so as to explore the partial action mechanism of EA at ST36 for spleen deficiency syndrome. METHODS: Twenty-four male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: normal group, model group, ST36 group and non-acupoint group (n=6 in each group). The model of spleen qi deficiency syndrome was established by improper diet and exhaustive swimming. EA (2 Hz/15 Hz, 0.5 mA) was applied to bilateral ST36 in the ST36 group and non-acupoint in the non-acupoint group for 20 min, once daily for 7 days. The colorimetric method was used to detect the ATP content in skeletal muscle tissue. The ultrastructure changes of skeletal muscle tissue were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The expression levels of optic atrophy 1 (Opa1) and dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) mRNA and proteins in the skeletal muscle tissue were determined by fluorescence quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. RESULTS: The ATP content in skeletal muscle tissue of model group was significantly lower than that in the normal group (P<0.05), while significantly higher in the ST36 group than that in the model group and non-acupoint group (P<0.05). Transmission electron microscopy showed that a large number of muscle fibers that were ruptured, damaged, and disorganized; moreover, many vacuoles with different sizes, and abnormally shaped or swollen mitochondria were observed in the model group. ST36 treatment improved the disor-dered fiber arrangement, and reduced the population of damaged mitochondria; thus, fused and elongated mitochondria were readily observed. Compared with the model group, there were no obvious improvements in the non-acupoint group. Compared with the normal group, the expression levels of Opa1 and Drp1 mRNAs and proteins in the skeletal muscle tissue were significantly lower in the model group (P<0.05). After the treatment, the expression levels of Opa1 and Drp1 mRNAs and proteins were up-regulated in the ST36 group (P<0.05), and the expression of Drp1 protein was up-regulated in the non-acupoint group (P<0.05).. CONCLUSION: EA at ST36 can correct the imbalance of mitochondrial fission and fusion in skeletal muscle of rats with spleen qi deficiency, thereby improving the damage of mitochondrial structure and function, and leading to an increase of energy metabolism.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Masculino , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Músculo Esquelético , Qi , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
2.
Pediatr Pulmonol ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150673

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the effect of incremental positive end-expiratory pressure recruitment maneuver (iPEEPRM) in children with congenital heart diseases (CHDs) using lung ultrasound. METHODS: Thirty-six children aged 3 months to 5 years scheduled for cardiac surgery participated. iPEEPRM was performed with PEEP stepwise increase (0-5-10-15 cmH2 O) and decrease at the same rate before and after surgery. Atelectatic areas, ultrasound scores, arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2 ), and respiratory system dynamic compliance per kilogram body weight (CDyn/kg) were analyzed before and after iPEEPRM. The primary outcome is the incidence of atelectasis. Secondary outcomes are oxygenation, ventilation, CDyn/kg, and atelectasis area. RESULTS: iPEEPRM was successfully applied in 92% (33/36) children before surgery and 71% (24/34) children after surgery. The incidence of atelectasis was significantly reduced by iPEEPRM from 76% to 15% before surgery and from 92% to 38% after surgery, respectively (P < .001). Before surgery, iPEEPRM significantly reduced atelectatic areas and ultrasound scores: 32.5 (0-128.1) mm2 vs 0 (0-0) mm2 and 8 (3-12) vs 2 (0-4). PaO2 and CDyn/kg were significantly increased after iPEEPRM: 243 (129-275) mm Hg vs 278 (207-323) mm Hg and 0.6 (0.4-0.7) mL/cmH2 O/kg vs 0.8 (0.6-1.0) mL/cmH2 O/kg. After surgery, iPEEPRM significantly reduced atelectatic areas and ultrasound scores: 45.7 (13.1-115.8) mm2 vs 0 (0-34.7) mm2 , and 9 (6-12) vs 3 (0-5). PaO2 and CDyn/kg were also significantly increased after iPEEPRM. CONCLUSIONS: iPEEPRM effectively reduced atelectasis, improved lung aeration, oxygenation, and CDyn/kg in children undergoing cardiac surgery.

3.
J Mater Chem B ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129375

RESUMO

Surface features are key to the transcellular transport of nanoparticles (NPs) across intestinal epithelium cells. Endowing the NPs with specific surface features adapted to the physiological conditions of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract holds great potential for the oral delivery of peptide/protein drugs. Therefore, in this work, a glutamic acid conjugated amphiphilic dendrimer (Glu-APD) was synthesized to replace the widely used 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidyl-ethanolamine-polyethylene glycol (DSPE-PEG) in the preparation of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-based NPs. Glu-APD could provide the formed NPs (Glu-APD NPs) with specific surface features of dendritic oligopeptides. With such surface features, Glu-APD NPs exhibited a 7.78-fold increase in cellular uptake and a 2.17-fold increase in the transepithelial transport amount compared with those of the DSPE-PEG2000 modified counterparts (P NPs). Instead of a dominant clathrin-mediated endocytosis as shown by P NPs, Glu-APD can provide the NPs with optional endocytosis pathways (i.e. clathrin-mediated, caveolae-mediated and micropinocytosis pathways), with the involvement of oligopeptide transporters and amino acid transporters, subsequently leading to a broadened intracellular trafficking route via the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus. Furthermore, l-glutamic acid (l-Glu), a natural nutrient, could specifically facilitate the exocytosis of Glu-APD NPs, indicating an amino-acid-associated intracellular trafficking. Oral administration of insulin-loaded Glu-APD NPs could also achieve a good hypoglycemic effect with a relative bioavailability of 10.04%, which is 1.89-fold higher than that of P NPs and 5.20-fold higher than insulin solution. Safety evaluations further verified the biocompatibility of Glu-APD NPs and the related materials. The results confirmed the feasibility of introducing Glu-APD to NPs for improving the oral delivery of insulin. With the surface features of dendritic peptide, Glu-APD could facilitate oligopeptide/amino-acid-associated transport of the related NPs, which might be considered as an advantage under physiological conditions. This work might also be considered as a valid reference for the construction of highly efficient oral delivery systems.

4.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(3)2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143299

RESUMO

A self-compliance resistive random access memory (RRAM) achieved through thermal annealing of a Pt/HfOx/Ti structure. The electrical characteristic measurements show that the forming voltage of the device annealing at 500 °C decreased, and the switching ratio and uniformity improved. Tests on the device's cycling endurance and data retention characteristics found that the device had over 1000 erase/write endurance and over 105 s of lifetime (85 °C). The switching mechanisms of the devices before and after annealing were also discussed.

5.
Int J Mol Med ; 45(4): 993-1004, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124937

RESUMO

Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound extracted from the plant Curcuma longa, has been reported to exert neuroprotective effects against cerebral ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, the mechanisms underlying these effects remain to be fully elucidated. Emerging evidence indicated that apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1), a multifunctional enzyme, participates in neuronal survival against I/R injury. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether curcumin alleviates oxygen­glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R)­induced SH­SY5Y cell injury, which serves as an in vitro model of cerebral I/R injury, by regulating APE1. The results revealed that curcumin increased cell viability, decreased LDH activity, reduced apoptosis and caspase­3 activity, downregulated the pro­apoptotic protein Bax expression and upregulated the anti­apoptotic protein Bcl­2 expression in SH­SY5Y cells subjected to OGD/R. Simultaneously, curcumin eliminated the OGD/R­induced decreases in APE1 protein and mRNA expression, as well as 8­hydroxy­2'­deoxyguanosine (8­OHdG) level and AP sites in SH­SY5Y cells. However, APE1 knockdown by siRNA transfection markedly abrogated the protective effects of curcumin against OGD/R­induced cytotoxicity, apoptosis and oxidative stress, as illustrated by the decreases in reactive oxygen species production and NADPH oxidase 2 expression, and the increase in superoxide dismutase activity and glutathione levels in SH­SY5Y cells. Furthermore, curcumin mitigated the OGD/R­induced activation of phosphatidylinositol 3­kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) signaling pathway. Treatment with LY294002, an inhibitor of PI3K/AKT pathway activity, attenuated the protective effects of curcumin on cytotoxicity and apoptosis, and reversed the curcumin­induced upregulation of APE1 protein expression in SH­SY5Y cells subjected to OGD/R. Taken together, these results demonstrated that curcumin protects SH­SY5Y cells against OGD/R injury by inhibiting apoptosis and oxidative stress, and via enhancing the APE1 level and activity, promoting PI3K/AKT pathway activation.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32211343

RESUMO

Purpose: We assessed the performance of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in the diagnosis of infectious encephalitis and meningitis. Methods: This was a prospective multicenter study. Cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients with viral encephalitis and/or meningitis, tuberculous meningitis, bacterial meningitis, fungal meningitis, and non-central nervous system (CNS) infections were subjected to mNGS. Results: In total, 213 patients with infectious and non-infectious CNS diseases were finally enrolled from November 2016 to May 2019; the mNGS-positive detection rate of definite CNS infections was 57.0%. At a species-specific read number (SSRN) ≥2, mNGS performance in the diagnosis of definite viral encephalitis and/or meningitis was optimal (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.659, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.566-0.751); the positivity rate was 42.6%. At a genus-specific read number ≥1, mNGS performance in the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (definite or probable) was optimal (AUC=0.619, 95% CI=0.516-0.721); the positivity rate was 27.3%. At SSRNs ≥5 or 10, the diagnostic performance was optimal for definite bacterial meningitis (AUC=0.846, 95% CI = 0.711-0.981); the sensitivity was 73.3%. The sensitivities of mNGS (at SSRN ≥2) in the diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis and cerebral aspergillosis were 76.92 and 80%, respectively. Conclusion: mNGS of cerebrospinal fluid effectively identifies pathogens causing infectious CNS diseases. mNGS should be used in conjunction with conventional microbiological testing. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800020442.

7.
Front Oncol ; 10: 274, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219064

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC), a common tumor, is characterized by a high mortality rate. Long non-coding RNA maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) serves a regulatory role in the carcinogenesis and progression of several types of cancer; however, its role in CRC remains largely unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the regulatory role and mechanism(s) of MEG3 in CRC. The Warburg effect or aerobic glycolysis is characteristic of the metabolism of tumor cells. To determine the effect of MEG3 on glycolysis of CRC cells, we used an XF analyzer to perform glycolysis stress test assays and found that overexpression of MEG3 significantly inhibited glycolysis, glycolytic capacity, as well as lactate production in CRC cells, whereas knockdown of MEG3 produced the opposite effect. Mechanistically, overexpression of MEG3 induced ubiquitin-dependent degradation of c-Myc and inhibited c-Myc target genes involved in the glycolysis pathway such as lactate dehydrogenase A, pyruvate kinase muscle 2, and hexokinase 2. Moreover, we found that MEG3 can be activated by vitamin D and vitamin D receptor (VDR). Clinical data demonstrated that MEG3 was positively associated with serum vitamin D concentrations in patients with CRC. We found that 1,25(OH)2D3 treatment increased MEG3 expression, and knockdown of VDR abolished the effect of MEG3 on glycolysis. These results indicate that vitamin D-activated MEG3 suppresses aerobic glycolysis in CRC cells via degradation of c-Myc. Thus, vitamin D may have therapeutic value in the treatment of CRC.

8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 126: 110084, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171166

RESUMO

Sepsis is a main reason for death in intensive care units, inflammation is closely related to sepsis. Anti-inflammation plays an important role in treating of sepsis. ZT01 is a triptolide derivative with strong anti-inflammatory activity and low toxicity. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of ZT01 under the sepsis condition and explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. Two in vivo model of sepsis, caecal ligation and puncture or intraperitoneal injection of LPS in C57BL/6, were used to evaluate the therapeutic effects of ZT01. In vitro, the anti-inflammatory properties of ZT01 were assessed in IFN-γ or LPS-induced macrophages by ELISA, RT-PCR, western blotting and co-immunoprecipitation. Macrophages were used to investigate the polarization phenotype by flow cytometry. The results showed, ZT01 significantly attenuated inflammatory response of sepsis in serum or lung tissue by inhibiting production of pro-inflammatory factors and improved the survival rate of septic mice in vivo. In cultured macrophages, ZT01 not only decreased the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 but also prevented the TKA1-TAB1 complex formation, thereby inhibiting the phosphorylation expression of MKK4 and JNK, which were all stimulated by LPS. Moreover, ZT01 inhibited the LPS-induced polarization of macrophages into pro-inflammatory phenotype. Adoptive transfer ZT01 pretreated bone marrow-derived macrophages obviously reduced the pro-inflammatory factors in mice after LPS challenge. Our findings suggested that ZT01 exhibited anti-inflammation activity via preventing the pro-inflammatory phenotype of macrophages by blocking the formation of the TAK1-TAB1 complex and subsequently phosphorylation of MKK4 and JNK.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 722: 137737, 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208241

RESUMO

Temporal scale is an important keyword in environmental hydrology but little information is available in the relationship between correlation and time variability degree of hydro-environmental variables at a watershed scale, which makes it difficult to design effective real-time management strategies. Here we take the Yanhe River Watershed as a study case to simulate and inventory the fractal characteristics of correlation and time variability degree of runoff, rainfall, and NH4+-N at different time scales, focusing on the long-term series of 1984-2012. (i) The coupled modeling framework based on SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool), statistics and fractal theory is a time series analysis method that is particularly suitable for the evaluation of long-range correlation of non-linear time series. The Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency coefficient (NSE), R2 and PBIAS during the calibration and verification period proved the reliability and acceptability of the established SWAT model in modeling multi-time scale runoff and NH4+-N load in the upstream catchment of Ganguyi hydrological station. (ii) Runoffs at all time scales showed positive correlations with rainfall although the significant level had a certain time scale differences. More interestingly, the correlation between NH4+-N loss and runoff at different time scales was significantly higher than that of rainfall. (iii) Each hydro-environmental variable has different fractal and time variation characteristics at different time scales, and the correlation levels between different hydrological variables are not completely consistent with their own time variability degrees at different time scales. These findings point to a fundamental challenge in managing regions with leading infiltration-excess runoff and uneven nutrient loading because the meteorological and hydrological variables in these regions exhibit the strongest temporal variability, which will affect the effective allocation and implementation in management practices.

10.
Mol Med Rep ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186758

RESUMO

Angiotensin II (AngII) serves an important inflammatory role in cardiovascular disease; it can induce macrophages to differentiate into the M1­type, produce inflammatory cytokines and resist pathogen invasion, and can cause a certain degree of damage to the body. Previous studies have reported that connexin 43 (Cx43) and NF­κB (p65) are involved in the AngII­induced inflammatory pathways of macrophages; however, the mechanisms underlying the effects of Cx43 and NF­κB (p65) on AngII­induced macrophage polarization have not been determined. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of Cx43 and NF­κB (p65) on the polarization process of AngII­induced macrophages. The macrophage polarization­related proteins and mRNAs were examined by flow cytometry, western blotting, immunofluorescence, ELISA and reverse transcription­quantitative PCR analyses. RAW264.7 macrophages were treated with AngII to simulate chronic inflammation and it was subsequently found that AngII promoted RAW 264.7 macrophage polarization towards the M1­type by such effects as the release of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumour necrosis factor (TNF)­α, IL­1ß, the secretion of IL­6, and the expression of M1­type indicators, such as CD86. Simultaneously, compared with the control group, the protein expression levels of Cx43 and phosphorylated (p)­p65 were significantly increased following AngII treatment. The M1­related phenotypic indicators, iNOS, TNF­α, IL­1ß, IL­6 and CD86, were inhibited by the NF­κB (p65) signalling pathway inhibitor BAY117082. Similarly, the Cx43 inhibitors, Gap26 and Gap19, also inhibited the expression of M1­related factors, and the protein expression levels of p­p65 in the Gap26/Gap19 groups were significantly decreased compared with the AngII group. Altogether, these findings suggested that AngII may induce the polarization of RAW264.7 macrophages to the M1­type through the Cx43/NF­κB (p65) signalling pathway.

11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 108, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pear fruit exhibit a single sigmoid pattern during development, while peach and strawberry fruits exhibit a double sigmoid pattern. However, little is known about the differences between these two patterns. RESULTS: In this study, fruit weights were measured and paraffin sections were made from fruitlet to maturated pear, peach, and strawberry samples. Results revealed that both single and double sigmoid patterns resulted from cell expansion, but not cell division. Comparative transcriptome analyses were conducted among pear, peach, and strawberry fruits at five fruit enlargement stages. Comparing the genes involved in these intervals among peaches and strawberries, 836 genes were found to be associated with all three fruit enlargement stages in pears (Model I). Of these genes, 25 were located within the quantitative trait locus (QTL) regions related to fruit weight and 90 were involved in cell development. Moreover, 649 genes were associated with the middle enlargement stage, but not early or late enlargement in pears (Model II). Additionally, 22 genes were located within the QTL regions related to fruit weight and 63 were involved in cell development. Lastly, dual-luciferase assays revealed that the screened bHLH transcription factors induced the expression of cell expansion-related genes, suggesting that the two models explain the single sigmoid pattern. CONCLUSIONS: Single sigmoid patterns are coordinately mediated by Models I and II, thus, a potential gene regulation network for the single sigmoid pattern was proposed. These results enhance our understanding of the molecular regulation of fruit size in Rosaceae.

12.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4579, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32165709

RESUMO

The presence of bronchial mucus plugs (BMP) in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) results in delayed clinical and radiographic resolution and long-standing pulmonary sequelae. The predictive factors associated with BMP formation remains poorly defined. Nomograms to predict BMP presence in children with MPP were proposed using a cohort of patients who underwent bronchoscopy intervention at Children's Hospital in Eastern China. Patients with MPP in an earlier period formed the training cohort (n = 872) for nomogram development, and those thereafter formed the validation cohort (n = 399) to confirmed model's performance. BMP in children with MPP were found in 196 (22.5%) and 91(22.8%) patients in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. The independent risk factors associated with BMP were age >5years (OR 2.06; 95% CI 1.43 to 2.98), higher IL-10 level (>10 ng/L, 2.19; 95% CI 1.46 to 3.28), higher IFN-γ level (>30 ng/L, 1.69; 95% CI 1.13 to 2.54), and presence of complication (3.43; 95% CI 1.45 to 8.09). Incorporating these 4 factors, the nomogram achieved good concordance indexes of 0.771(95% CI, 0.734-0.808) and 0.796 (95% CI, 0.744-0.848) in predicting BMP in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. The nomogram achieved an optimal prediction of BMP in children with MPP. Using this model, the risk of BMP formation would be determined, contributing to a rational therapeutic choice.

13.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1107: 127-134, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200886

RESUMO

We present a facile sample partitioning method to enable rapid and low-cost digital PCR (dPCR) assays. By subdividing a high percentage of the sample volume into a large number of equal volume compartments with a self-digitization (SD) chip, this method can achieve a low-waste and high-order sample discretization in a matter of minutes. The SD chip contains a set of parallel microfluidic channels used for sample delivery, and each channel is connected with two rows of cylindrical wells to hold the discretized sample. By utilizing a degassed PDMS sealing slab as a detachable vacuum pumping source, the SD chip automatically generate large arrays of small sample volumes without requirement of external pumping and valving components. Unlike most microfluidic chamber-based methods for sample discretization, our detachable SD chip allows for discretizing sample with air flushing, then peeling off the cover PDMS slab and sealing the digitized samples with oil layer. Due to obviation of time-consuming oil flushing, such microfluidic device can achieve much faster digitization of sample volumes. Furthermore, this digitization chip can partition more than 90% of a sample volume, which is important for the applications where the amount of material available is small. We also demonstrated the utility of the proposed SD chip by applying it to a dPCR assay.

14.
Cancer Immunol Res ; 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122992

RESUMO

Metabolic reprogramming is critical for the polarization and function of tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) and hepatocarcinogenesis, but how this reprogramming occurs is unknown. Here, we showed that receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3), a central factor in necroptosis, is downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)-associated macrophages, which correlated with tumorigenesis and enhanced the accumulation and polarization of M2 TAM. Mechanistically, RIPK3 deficiency in TAMs reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and significantly inhibited caspase1-mediated cleavage of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). These effects enabled PPAR activation and facilitated fatty acid metabolism, including fatty acid oxidation (FAO), and induced M2 polarization in the tumor microenvironment (TME). RIPK3 upregulation or FAO blockade reversed the immunosuppressive activity of TAMs and dampened HCC tumorigenesis. Our findings provide molecular basis for the regulation of RIPK3-mediated, lipid metabolic reprogramming of TAMs, thus highlighting a potential strategy for targeting the immunometabolism of HCC.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124293

RESUMO

The sediment delivery ratio (SDR) is a key link between slope erosion and river sediment transport but the accurate quantification of sediment yield in different catchments has been hampered by a lack of dynamic multi-scale information on SDR. A dynamic multi-scale SDR algorithm was innovatively applied in the modified sediment yield model to quantify the spatiotemporal evolutions of sediment delivery and inventory the relationships between sediment yield and different hydrometeorological and landscape factors in the loess hilly and gully catchment. Results indicate that (i) The sloping farmland (dry lands in hilly areas) in the upstream catchment of Ansai hydrological station was an important sediment source because its soil erosion grade was between intensive and extremely intensive. The high-risk regions of sediment yield were primarily concentrated in the sloping farmlands locating at both sides of the river banks. (ii) The large-scale soil conservation practices since the late 1990s have played a very significant role in sediment reduction. The annual sediment yield rate showed an overall decreasing trend from 1981 to 2015, particularly, it decreased dramatically from 11,844.08 t•km-2 in 2005 to 65 t•km-2 in 2015. (iii) The correlations between SDR and sediment yield rate, maximum peak flow, or runoff amount were all greater than that of rainfall parameters, indicating that there was no direct causal relationship between SDR and rainfall indicators in loessial ecological restoration watersheds. Results provide scientific insights needed to guide model modifications and sustainable soil conservation planning in the Loess Plateau.

16.
Eye (Lond) ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024972

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the dynamic visual acuity (DVA) following implantation of trifocal with monofocal intraocular lenses (IOL) and using a novel test system. METHODS: The present research was a retrospective, multicenter clinical study. Two hundred and ten eyes of 149 patients that underwent cataract phacoemulsification and IOL implantation were enrolled. One hundred and ten eyes of patients received trifocal (AT LISA tri839MP, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Germany) and 100 eyes received monofocal (Tecnis ZCB00, Abbott, United States) lenses and were evaluated 3 months after implantation. Outcome measures included monocular uncorrected distance (UDVA), intermediate (UIVA) and near (UNVA) visual acuity and best corrected distance visual acuity (BCDVA; logMAR units); contrast sensitivity under photopic, mesopic, with glare conditions; and dynamic visual acuity using a self-developed system. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in baseline characteristics between groups. Monocular UDVA, UIVA, and UNVA were significantly better (all p < 0.001) in the trifocal IOL group, but not BCDVA. The trifocal IOL group showed better contrast sensitivity under photopic, mesopic, with or without glare conditions (p < 0.05) and statistically significantly better dynamic vision at 15, 30, 60, and 90 degrees per second (dps) compared with the monofocal group (all p < 0.001). The strength of positive association only between UIVA and dynamic visual acuity increased as the velocity increased, but not UDVA or UNVA. CONCLUSIONS: Diffractive trifocal IOL provides better postoperative full range vision acuity, contrast sensitivity, and dynamic vision compared with monofocal IOLs. And intermediate visual acuity is increasingly associated with DVA as the velocity increasing.

17.
Water Res ; 173: 115580, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065937

RESUMO

While flow-electrode capacitive deionization (FCDI), one of the most popular CDI variants, possesses a number of advantages over conventional fixed-electrode CDI (e.g., large salt adsorption capacity, high flow efficiency and convenient management of the electrodes), challenges remain in constructing and operating an FCDI system such that it can operate continuously. Here we achieve effective continuous removal of salt from a brackish feed stream using flowing carbon electrodes which are regenerated in a closed-loop manner by using our previously introduced integrated FCDI/MF strategy. The performance of the FCDI/MF system is characterized over a two week period of operation with key factors influencing the desalination performance identified. Results show that the FCDI/MF system is capable of continuously desalinating brackish water (∼2 g L-1) to portable levels (<0.5 g L-1) whilst sustaining an extraordinary water recovery rate (∼92%) and relatively low energy consumption (∼0.5 kWh m-3). No obvious deterioration in performance or membrane fouling was observed during the 14-day operation. While the carbon particles used in the flow electrode exhibited only a minor increase in oxygen-containing groups over the 14 days of operation, a significant reduction in particle size was observed, likely as a consequence of the high-frequency collisions and associated friction between particles that occurred in the FCDI/MF system. Further studies regarding flowable electrode optimization, cell configuration design and process modelling are needed in order to realize the scale-up and practical implementation of this emerging technology.

18.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 41: 102013, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system characterized by aseptic meningitis is rare and can be easily confused with intracranial infection. Here, we investigated the clinical features of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) patients with a meningitis-like presentation. METHODS: From a total of six attacks, five patients were identified. Their demographic, clinical, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, as well as treatments and prognoses were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Five patients (two males with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein [MOG] antibody and three females with aquaporin-4 [AQP4] antibody) experienced six attacks. Average age at onset was 31.5 ± 3.5 years-old. The earliest clinical manifestations included fever (6/6), headache (5/6), and meningeal irritation (6/6) accompanied by leukocytosis and elevated protein levels (6/6) in cerebrospinal fluid. Two attacks initially manifested as meningitis alone. Meanwhile, following the onset of meningitis-like symptoms, four attacks were accompanied by transverse myelitis on the same day. One attack was associated with leptomeningeal enhancement on MRI, four attacks with spinal meninges enhancement, and one with both leptomeningeal and spinal meninges enhancement. All patients were considered to have an intracranial infection at onset and consequently treated with anti-infective drugs. As the symptoms continuously deteriorated, flare-up of NMOSD was considered a more reasonable diagnosis. Application of glucocorticoids (with or without intravenous immunoglobulin therapy) quickly relieved the symptoms. Subsequent re-examination of cerebrospinal fluid and MRI showed significant improvements. CONCLUSION: Aseptic meningitis may be an atypical phenotype of NMOSD flare that is easily confused with specific infection. Comprehensive evaluation to exclude an infective etiology and enable accurate diagnosis and timely immunotherapy are critical to prognosis.

19.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(2): 140, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080168

RESUMO

Cardiac hypertrophy (CH) is an independent risk factor for many cardiovascular diseases, and is one of the primary causes of morbidity and mortality in elderly people. Pathological CH involves excessive protein synthesis, increased cardiomyocyte size, and ultimately the development of heart failure. Myotubularin-related protein 14 (MTMR14) is a member of the myotubularin (MTM)-related protein family, which is involved in apoptosis, aging, inflammation, and autophagy. However, its exact function in CH is still unclear. Herein, we investigated the roles of MTMR14 in CH. We show that MTMR14 expression was increased in hypertrophic mouse hearts. Mice deficient in heart MTMR14 exhibited an aggravated aortic-banding (AB)-induced CH phenotype. In contrast, MTMR14 overexpression prevented pressure overload-induced hypertrophy. At the molecular level, prevention of CH in the absence of MTMR14 involved elevations in Akt pathway components, which are key elements that regulate apoptosis and cell proliferation. These results demonstrate that MTMR14 is a new molecular target for the treatment of CH.

20.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 21, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Germacrone is one of the natural bioactive compounds found in Rhizoma curcuma essential oils. In this study, the potential anti-cancer effect of germacrone in gastric cancer cell line BGC823 was investigated. METHODS: The cell viability and proliferative activity were assessed, and cell cycle analysis was also performed. Hoechst 33258 and Annexin V/PI double staining was used for detection of cell apoptosis. Protein profiles of cell cycle-related and apoptosis-related proteins were assessed. RESULTS: MTT assay revealed that germacrone had marked cytotoxicity on BGC823 cells. Germacrone induced cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase via remarkably decreased expression levels of cyclin B1, cdc 2 and cdc 25c. In addition, the treatment with germacrone induced caspase-3 activity and PARP cleavage. These findings demonstrated the effects of germacrone on inhibiting cell proliferation through induction of G2/M phase cell cycle arrest and promotion of cell apoptosis. It also indicated that germacrone functioned through modulations of cell cycle-associated protein expression and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. CONCLUSION: These findings will be valuable as the molecular basis for the germacrone-mediated anti-cancer effect against gastric cancer.

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