Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 127
Filtrar
1.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 348, 2022 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35982400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To identify the predictive parameter among preoperative measurements that best predicts postoperative visual outcome in the epiretinal membrane (ERM). METHODS: Thirty-three consecutive patients with idiopathic unilateral ERM patients between 2015 and 2018 were enrolled. Nineteen healthy normal eyes were selected as an independent age-matched group. Based on preoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT), we further divided the patients with ERM into two groups: type 1, loosely attached ERM, and type 2, tight adherent ERM. We documented the vision and thickness of various retinal layers: nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell layer, inner plexiform layer (GCL + IPL), inner nuclear layer (INL), outer retinal layer (ORL), and retinal pigment epithelium/Bruch complex layer before and after the surgery. The association between postoperative visual acuity and these variables was analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis. RESULTS: All retinal layers of ERM eyes were thicker than the normal eyes (P < 0.05). Among ERMs, we identified 11 eyes with type 1 adhesions and 22 eyes with type 2 adhesions. The preoperative GCL + IPL layers were significantly thicker in type 2 patients than in type 1 patients (93.67 ± 33.03 um vs 167.71 ± 13.77 um; P = 0.023). Greater GCL + IPL thickness was correlated with a worse postoperative visual acuity and multiple linear regression analysis showed that GCL + IPL thickness was an independent predictor of postoperative visual acuity (VA) (beta value = 0.689; P = 0.012). A greater thickness of GCL + IPL layers of type 2 patients had worse postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (P = 0.028). Ectopic inner foveal layers with disappearance of fovea pit were persistently presented in OCT profiles of both groups. CONCLUSION: Idiopathic ERM demonstrated significantly thicker inner retinal layers (GCL + IPL and INL). However, the ORL thickness was similar between the normal eyes and ERM eyes. The preoperative GCL + IPL layers were significantly thicker in patients with type 2 ERM than that in patients with type 1 ERM. The increase in GCL + IPL thickness was significantly correlated with worse postoperative visual outcomes.


Assuntos
Membrana Epirretiniana , Membrana Epirretiniana/diagnóstico , Membrana Epirretiniana/cirurgia , Fóvea Central , Humanos , Retina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Transtornos da Visão , Acuidade Visual
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 296: 115496, 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750104

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tripterygium wilfordii polyglycosides (TWP) are extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f., which has the significant effects of anti-inflammation and immunosuppression and has been widely used to treat autoimmune diseases in traditional Chinese medicine. AIM OF STUDY: In Chinese clinical dermatology, TWP was generally used for the treatment of autoimmune skin diseases including psoriasis (PSO), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and pemphigus (PEM). However, the potential hepatotoxicity (HPT) induced by TWP was also existing with the long-term use of TWP. This study aims to explore the potential shared therapeutic mechanism of TWP treating PSO, SLE, PEM and the possible hepatotoxic mechanism induced by TWP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Network pharmacology was used to predict the potential targets and pathways in this study. The main bioactive compounds in TWP was screened according to TCMSP, PubChem, ChEMBL databases and Lipinski's Rule of Five. The potential targets of these chemical constituents were obtained from PharmMapper, SEA and SIB databases. The related targets of PSO, SLE, PEM and HPT were collected from GeneCards, DrugBank, DisGeNET and CTD databases. The target network construction was performed through STRING database and Cytoscape. GO enrichment, KEGG enrichment and molecular docking were then performed, respectively. In particular, imiquimod (IMQ)-induced PSO model was selected as the representative for the experimental verification of effects and shared therapeutic mechanisms of TWP. RESULTS: 41 targets were considered as the potential shared targets of TWP treating PSO, SLE and PEM. KEGG enrichment indicated that IL-17 signaling pathway and Th17 cell differentiation were significant in the potential shared therapeutic mechanism of TWP. The animal experimental verification demonstrated that TWP could notably ameliorate skin lesions (P˂0.001), decrease inflammatory response (P˂0.05, P˂0.01, P˂0.001) and inhibit the differentiation of Th1/Th17 cells (P˂0.05, P˂0.01) compared to PSO model group. The molecular docking and qPCR validation then showed that TWP could effectively act on MAPK14, IL-2, IL-6 and suppress Th17 cell differentiation and IL-17 signaling pathway. The possible hepatotoxic mechanism of TWP indicated that there were 145 hepatotoxic targets and it was also associated with IL-17 signaling pathway and Th17 cell differentiation, especially for the key role of ALB, CASP3 and HSP90AA1. Meanwhile, the potential correlations between efficacy and hepatotoxicity of TWP showed that 28 targets were shared by therapeutic and hepatotoxic mechanisms such as IL-6, IL-2, MAPK14, MMP9, ALB, CASP3 and HSP90AA1. These significant relevant targets were also involved in IL-17 signaling pathway and Th17 cell differentiation. CONCLUSIONS: There were shared disease targets in PSO, SLE and PEM, and TWP could treat them by potential shared therapeutic mechanisms of suppressing IL-17 signaling pathway and Th17 cell differentiation. The possible hepatotoxicity induced by TWP was also significantly associated with the regulation of IL-17 signaling pathway and Th17 cell differentiation. Meanwhile, the potential correlations between efficacy and hepatotoxicity of TWP also mainly focused on IL-17 signaling pathway and Th17 cell differentiation, which provided a potential direction for the study of the mechanism of "You Gu Wu Yun" theory of TWP treating autoimmune skin diseases in the future.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno , Psoríase , Dermatopatias , Animais , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Interleucina-2 , Interleucina-6 , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Psoríase/induzido quimicamente , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais , Células Th17 , Tripterygium/química
3.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 826568, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401160

RESUMO

Folates, provided by food, are commonly used antidepressant synergists in late-onset depression (LOD). However, increased intake of folic acid in the elderly population might lead to the accumulation of unmetabolized folic acid in the systemic circulation, leading to enhanced deterioration of the central nervous system function. In addition, folates cannot access the brain directly because of the blood-brain barrier. Choroid plexus (CP) 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) brain transport plays a critical role in regulating the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) 5-MTHF content. Luteolin is a natural flavonoid that has antidepressant effects and is involved in the anti-folate resistance pathway. It remains unclear whether the antidepressant effects of luteolin are associated with the CP 5-MTHF brain transport. In this study, 20-21-month-old Wistar rats were exposed to the chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) protocol for 6 consecutive weeks to explore the long-term effects of luteolin on behavior, 5-MTHF levels, hippocampal neurogenesis, and folate brain transport of the CP. In vitro primary hippocampal neural stem cells (NSCs) cultured in media containing 10% CSF from each group of rats and choroid plexus epithelial cells (CPECs) cultured in media containing 20 µM luteolin were treated with 100 µM corticosterone and 40 mg/ml D-galactose. We found that aged rats exposed to CUMS showed a significantly reduced sucrose preference, decreased locomotion activity in the open field test and accuracy of the Morris water maze test, increased immobility time in the forced swimming test, accelerated dysfunctional neurogenesis and neuronal loss in the dentate gyrus of LOD rats, as well as decreased CSF and hippocampus 5-MTHF levels, and zona occludens protein 1 (ZO-1), proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT), and reduced folate carrier (RFC) protein levels. In vitro assays showed media containing 10% aged CSF or LOD+ Luteolin-CSF significantly increased the viability of CORT + D-gal-injured NSCs and alleviated dysfunctional neurogenesis and neuronal loss compared with the CORT + D-gal medium. However, media containing 10% LOD-CSF had no such effect. In the meantime, induction of CORT + D-gal significantly decreased the ZO-1, PCFT, RFC, and folate receptor alpha (FR-α) protein levels and transepithelial electrical resistance in rat CPECs. As expected, luteolin treatment was effective in improving these abnormal changes. These findings suggested that luteolin could ameliorate CUMS-induced LOD-like behaviors by enhancing the folate brain transport.

5.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 42(1): 1-8, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35322626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this Meta-analysis, we evaluated the hypoglycemic effect of 5 flavonoids found in traditional Chinese herbs (naringenin, kaempferol, puerarin, baicalein, and luteolin) on diabetic rats. METHODS: Four databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library, were searched from inception to May 2020. Only studies using diabetes model rats were included in the analysis. Blood glucose data from the last measurement were collected and analyzed. Pair-wise Meta-analyses were conducted using STATA v14.0 software and a Meta-analysis was conducted using STATA v14.0, ADDIS v1.16.6, and R v3.6.1. The quality of included studies was assessed with the SYRCLE risk of bias tool for animal studies, and publication bias was evaluated with a comparisonadjusted funnel plot. RESULTS: A total of 33 studies were included in the analysis, in which all 5 flavonoids showed a beneficial effect on blood glucose level of diabetic rats were included in the final analysis. The standardized mean differences (95% confidence intervals) were -4.92 (-6.67, -3.17) fornaringenin, -12 (-18.74, -5.27) for kaempferol, -2.52 (-3.77, -1.26) for puerarin, -3.04 (-5.75, -0.34) for baicalein, and -1.94 (-2.95, -0.92) for luteolin. The network Meta-analysis showed no statistically significant differences between the effect sizes of the flavonoids. CONCLUSION: The results of the Meta-analysis showed that naringenin, kaempferol, puerarin, baicalein, and luteolin all have clear hypoglycemic effects in rat diabetes models, highlighting their therapeutic potential for preventing and treating diabetes mellitus in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Flavonoides , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Animais , Glicemia , China , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Quempferóis , Luteolina , Metanálise em Rede , Ratos
6.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 39(1): 379-389, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35188057

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Thermal ablation (TA) is a minimally invasive treatment method for symptomatic benign thyroid nodules (BTNs). This study aimed to evaluate the value of TA by comparing the efficacy, safety, and patient satisfaction with conventional/open thyroidectomy (ConT) and endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET) for symptomatic BTNs. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic BTNs who underwent ConT, ET, or TA therapy between January 2018 and January 2020 were included. Pre-operation data of the two comparisons (TA vs. ConT and TA vs. ET) was balanced using propensity score matching. The technique efficacy (volume reduction ratio ≥50%), nodule disappearance, and regrowth rate were calculated after ablation. The operation and hospitalization time, medical cost, complications, post-operative symptoms, and cosmetic scores were recorded and compared. Patient satisfaction was evaluated using a telephone survey. RESULTS: After a median 19-month follow-up (range, 12-36 months), the technique efficacy rate, nodule disappearance, and regrowth rate were 93.2% (119/129), 6.8% (10/129), and 0.8% (1/129), respectively. Operation time, hospitalization time, and medical costs were less for patients in the TA group than for patients in the ConT and ET groups (all p < 0.001). The incidence of complications, post-operative symptoms, cosmetic scores, and overall satisfaction were not significantly different among groups (all p > 0.05). Post-operative hypothyroidism was less frequent in the TA group than in the ConT and ET groups (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to ConT and ET, TA has comparable efficacy, safety, and patient satisfaction and exhibits greater protection of thyroid function for the treatment of symptomatic BTNs.


Assuntos
Ablação por Radiofrequência , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Satisfação do Paciente , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(6): 1210-1227, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782555

RESUMO

Age-related neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) have become a critical public health issue due to the significantly extended human lifespan, leading to considerable economic and social burdens. Traditional therapies for AD such as medicine and surgery remain ineffective, impractical, and expensive. Many studies have shown that a variety of bioactive substances released by physical exercise (called "exerkines") help to maintain and improve the normal functions of the brain in terms of cognition, emotion, and psychomotor coordination. Increasing evidence suggests that exerkines may exert beneficial effects in AD as well. This review summarizes the neuroprotective effects of exerkines in AD, focusing on the underlying molecular mechanism and the dynamic expression of exerkines after physical exercise. The findings described in this review will help direct research into novel targets for the treatment of AD and develop customized exercise therapy for individuals of different ages, genders, and health conditions.

9.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(3): 632-642, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380904

RESUMO

Icariin (ICA) has a significant capacity to protect against depression and hippocampal injury, but it cannot effectively cross the blood-brain barrier and accumulate in the brain. Therefore, the mechanism by which ICA protects against hippocampal injury in depression remains unclear. In this study, we performed proteomics analysis of cerebrospinal fluid to investigate the mechanism by which ICA prevents dysfunctional hippocampal neurogenesis in depression. A rat model of depression was established through exposure to chronic unpredictable mild stress for 6 weeks, after which 120 mg/kg ICA was administered subcutaneously every day. The results showed that ICA alleviated depressive symptoms, learning and memory dysfunction, dysfunctional neurogenesis, and neuronal loss in the dentate gyrus of rats with depression. Neural stem cells from rat embryonic hippocampi were cultured in media containing 20% cerebrospinal fluid from each group of rats and then treated with 100 µM corticosterone. The addition of cerebrospinal fluid from rats treated with ICA largely prevented the corticosterone-mediated inhibition of neuronal proliferation and differentiation. Fifty-two differentially expressed proteins regulated by chronic unpredictable mild stress and ICA were identified through proteomics analysis of cerebrospinal fluid. These proteins were mainly involved in the ribosome, PI3K-Akt signaling, and interleukin-17 signaling pathways. Parallel reaction monitoring mass spectrometry showed that Rps4x, Rps12, Rps14, Rps19, Hsp90b1, and Hsp90aa1 were up-regulated by chronic unpredictable mild stress and down-regulated by ICA. In contrast, HtrA1 was down-regulated by chronic unpredictable mild stress and up-regulated by ICA. These findings suggest that ICA can prevent depression and dysfunctional hippocampal neurogenesis through regulating the expression of certain proteins found in the cerebrospinal fluid. The study was approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine of China in March 2017.

10.
Virus Res ; 309: 198657, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34919970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between the serum transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß level and HBsAg loss has not been clearly elaborated in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: Two cohorts of patients with CHB were studied. Cohort A: A total of 207 hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative CHB patients who finished ≥1 year nucleos(t)ide analogue monotherapy and sequentially received PEGylated interferon treatment for less than 96 weeks were included. Cohort B: Forty HBeAg-positive patients who initially received entecavir therapy for at least 96 weeks were included. Their viral markers and serum TGF-ß levels were measured at different time points during therapy. RESULTS: The levels of serum TGF-ß and HBsAg (0-24 W) were significantly lower in the patients who had HBsAg< 0.05 IU/mL at 48 weeks than in patients who did not in cohort A. We got the same results when we further divided the patients into subgroups according to the initial HBsAg cut-off values (1000 IU/mL, 100 IU/mL, 50 IU/mL) in cohort A. However, HBeAg seroconversion did not lead to the downregulation of TGF-ß levels. The levels of serum TGF-ß were significantly correlated with HBsAg quantitation in cohort A (12-24 W) but not in cohort B (0-48 W). The levels of TGF-ß at week 12 could be used as an early index to predict a functional cure (AUC=0.818) as well as the levels of HBsAg itself (AUC=0.882) in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B patients treated with PEGylated interferon. CONCLUSIONS: The levels of serum TGF-ß were significantly associated with HBsAg loss but not with HBeAg seroconversion and could be used as an early index to predict a functional cure in CHB patients treated with PEGylated interferon.


Assuntos
Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , DNA Viral , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(23): 6231-6242, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951250

RESUMO

This study aims to elucidate the underlying mechanism of Erxian Decoction(EXD) against neurogenesis impairment in late-onset depression(LOD) rats based on cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) proteomics. A total of 66 20-21-month-old male Wistar rats were randomized into naturally aged(AGED) group, LOD group, and EXD group. All rats received chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS) for 6 weeks for LOD modeling except for the AGED group. During the modeling, EXD group was given EXD(ig, twice a day at 4 g·kg~(-1)) and other groups received equivalent amount of normal saline(ig). After modeling, a series of behavioral tests, such as sucrose preference test(SPT), open-field test(OFT), forced swimming test(FST), and Morris water maze test(MWMT) were performed. Immunofluorescence method was used to detect the number of Ki-67/Nesti-positive cells and BrdU/DCX-positive cells in the hippocampal DG area of each group. High-concentration corticosterone(CORT) was combined with D-galactose(D-gal) to simulate the changes of LOD-related stress and aging and the proliferation and differentiation of primary neural stem cells of hippocampus in each group were observed. Data independent acquisition(DIA)-mass spectrometry(MS) was used to analyze the differential proteins in CSF among groups and bioinformatics analysis was performed to explore the biological functions of the proteins. Behavioral tests showed that sucrose consumption in SPT, total traveling distance in OFT, and times of crossing the platform in MWMT were all reduced(P<0.01) and the immobility time in FST was prolonged(P<0.01) in the LOD group compared with those in the AGED group, suggesting that LOD rats had developed depression symptoms such as anhedonia, decreased locomotor activity ability, and cognitive dysfunction. Behavioral abnormalities were alleviated(P<0.01, P<0.05) in the EXD group as compared with those in the LOD group. Immunofluorescence results demonstrated that Ki-67/Nesti-positive cells and BrdU/DCX-positive cells in the hippocampal DG area were fewer(P<0.05) in LOD group than in the AGED group, and the positive cells in the EXD group were more(P<0.05) than those in the LOD group. In vitro experiment showed that the proliferation and differentiation of primary hippocampal neural stem cells under the CORT+D-gal treatment were reduced(P<0.01). The proliferation rate of neural stem cells decreased(P<0.05) in CORT+D-gal+LOD-CSF group but increased(P<0.01) in CORT+D-gal+EXD-CSF group compared with that in the CORT+D-gal group. A total of 2 620 proteins were identified from rat CSF, with 135 differential proteins between the LOD group and AGED group and 176 between EXD group and LOD group. GDF11, NrCAM, NTRK2, and GhR were related to neurogenesis and 39 differential proteins were regulated by both LOD and EXD. EXD demonstrated obvious anti-LOD effect, as it improved the locomotor activity ability and cognitive function of LOD rats and protected the proliferation and differentiation of hippocampal neural stem cells. EXD exerts anti-LOD effect by regulating the proteins related to neurogenesis in CSF, such as GDF11, NrCAM, NTRK2, and GhR and maintaining hippocampal neurogenesis.


Assuntos
Depressão , Proteômica , Animais , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Fatores de Diferenciação de Crescimento , Hipocampo , Masculino , Neurogênese , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
12.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 41(4): 546-555, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392647

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the protective effect of Shouzhangshen (Rhizoma Gymnadeniae Crassinervidis) extract against acute high altitude hypoxia-induced brain injury in mice. METHODS: Sixty C57BL/6J mice were selected and assigned to six groups (n = 10): normal control group, low-pressure hypoxia group, positive control group (dexamethasone 500 mg/kg), and three groups treated with Shouzhangshen extract (250, 500, and 750 mg/kg, respectively). The Morris water maze test was performed to evaluate alterations in spatial learning and memory deficits. Nissl staining was performed to detect Nissl bodies and neuron damage. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and malondialdehyde (MDA) expression in brain tissue and serum, as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) activity in brain tissues were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, quantitative real-time-polymerase chain reaction and western blots. RESULTS: The Morris water maze test results showed that Shouzhangshen extract can significantly reduce the latency and swimming distance to escape onto a visible platform, increase neuron density and hierarchy and the number of pyramidal neurons, and decrease the expression of HIF-1α, IL-1ß, TNF-α, and VEGF mRNAs and proteins in both brain tissue and serum (P < 0.05). Furthermore, significantly lower MDA expression and higher GSH activity were detected in the three groups treated with Shouzhangshen compared with the low-pressure hypoxia group (P < 0.05). However, no significant alteration was observed for SOD activity (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that Shouzhangshen extract may have a significant effect on acute high altitude hypoxia-induced brain injury in mice.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hipóxia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Doença da Altitude/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Lesões Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Lesões Encefálicas/etiologia , Hipóxia/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
13.
Pharm Biol ; 59(1): 1065-1076, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383630

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Chinese herbal formula JiaWeiSiNiSan (JWSNS) has been widely used to prevent stress-induced neuropsychiatric ailments in clinics and proven to have therapeutic anti-stress effects on rats. However, the mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: Based on the proteomics of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), this study explores the possible mechanism and target proteins of JiaWeiSiNiSan raising stress resilience and preventing stress damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 6-week Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress (CUMS) model was applied on adult Wistar male rats to observe the effects of JWSNS on improving mental stress resilience. Tandem Mass Tag (TMT) proteomics and bioinformatics analysis were used to screen and analyze differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in CSF. Parallel Reaction Monitoring (PRM) was used to validate target DEPs. RESULTS: Significantly decreased sucrose preference, locomotion activity level and accuracy of T-maze, as well as increased immobility time, were observed in CUMS rats compared to CON rats while JWSNS improved above depression-like behaviours. The quantitative proteomics and bioinformatics analysis showed that JWSNS decreased the expression of Rps4x, HSP90AA1, Rps12, Uba1, Rsp14, Tuba1b in CUMS rats CSF (p < 0.05, FDR < 0.5). Immunofluorescence results showed that the number of BrdU/DCX positive cells (p < 0.01) and the relative number of neurons (p < 0.01) in the hippocampus dentate gyrus (DG) of the JSWNS group significantly increased, compared with the CUMS group. CONCLUSIONS: JWSNS could increase mental stress resilience and prevent stress damage by regulating proteins in CSF. This study provides a scientific basis for further study on Chinese formulas preventing mental illness.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Estresse Psicológico/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Depressão/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Proteômica , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Resiliência Psicológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia
14.
Chin J Traumatol ; 24(4): 221-230, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099359

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a significant global mental health concern, especially in the military. This study aims to estimate the efficacy of mindfulness meditation in the treatment of military-related PTSD, by synthesizing evidences from randomized controlled trials. METHODS: Five electronic databases (Pubmed, EBSCO Medline, Embase, PsychINFO and Cochrane Library) were searched for randomized controlled trials focusing on the treatment effect of mindfulness meditation on military-related PTSD. The selection of eligible studies was based on identical inclusion and exclusion criteria. Information about study characteristics, participant characteristics, intervention details, PTSD outcomes, as well as potential adverse effects was extracted from the included studies. Risk of bias of all the included studies was critically assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool. R Statistical software was performed for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1902 records were initially identified and screened. After duplicates removal and title & abstract review, finally, 19 articles in English language with 1326 participants were included through strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results revealed that mindfulness meditation had a significantly larger effect on alleviating military-related PTSD symptoms compared with control conditions, such as treatment as usual, present-centered group therapy and PTSD health education (standardized mean difference (SMD) = -0.33; 95% CI [-0.45, -0.21]; p < 0.0001). Mindfulness interventions with different control conditions (active or non-active control, SMD = -0.33, 95% CI [-0.46, -0.19]; SMD = -0.49, 95% CI [-0.88, -0.10], respectively), formats of delivery (group-based or individual-based, SMD = -0.30, 95% CI [-0.42, -0.17], SMD = -0.49, 95% CI [-0.90, -0.08], respectively) and intervention durations (short-term or standard duration, SMD = -0.27, 95% CI [-0.46, -0.08], SMD = -0.40, 95% CI [-0.58, -0.21], respectively) were equally effective in improving military-related PTSD symptoms. CONCLUSION: Findings from this meta-analysis consolidate the efficacy and feasibility of mindfulness meditation in the treatment of military-related PTSD. Further evidence with higher quality and more rigorous design is needed in the future.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Meditação , Militares , Atenção Plena , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
15.
Chin J Traumatol ; 24(4): 231-236, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074594

RESUMO

PURPOSE: As COVID-19 spreads globally and affects people's health, there are concerns that the pandemic and control policies may have psychological effects on young people (age from 17 to 35 years). This psychological impact might vary in different countries, and thus we compared the prevalence of self-reported psychological distress, loneliness and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among young people in the United Kingdom (UK) and China at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Data of this study came from two sources. One source was the first wave of COVID-19 study in Understanding Society, a special wave of the UK household longitudinal study, which provided the high-quality, national-wide representative panel data. The sample comprised 1054 young people. The other source was an online survey on the mental health of 1003 young people from Shanghai, a highly developed area in China. The questionnaire included questions on the prevalence of common mental disorders (cut-off score ≥ 4), loneliness and potential PTSS (cut-off ≥ 33). Univariable analyses were conducted to test the differences in the self-reported prevalence of psychological distress and loneliness between the two groups. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were run to explore the predictors of psychological distress and loneliness among all the young people from England and Shanghai. RESULTS: Among the samples with self-reported psychological distress, the UK sample accounted for 34.4% (n=1054) and the Chinese sample accounted for 14.1% (n=1003). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Additionally, 57.1% of people in the UK and 46.7% in China reported that they sometimes or often felt lonely, of which the difference is statistically significant (p < 0.001). Regression analysis of the entire samples showed that nationality, gender, psychotherapy and loneliness were significant predictors of 12-item General Health Questionnaire scores, while the variables of age and living alone were not. Significant predictors of self-reported loneliness were the nationality, gender, age, living alone and psychotherapy. In China, 123 (12.3%) young people, 49 men (11.3%) and 74 women (13.0%), met the criteria of PTSS symptoms (cut-off scores ≥ 33). These scores were only collected in China. CONCLUSION: This evidence suggests that mental health and loneliness reported by young people were lower in China than that in the UK during the studied period. More research is needed to understand these differences. If the differential negative psychological impacts are confirmed, country-specific measures of prevention and intervention should be adopted to improve the mental health of young people under the ongoing impact of the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Solidão , Saúde Mental , Angústia Psicológica , SARS-CoV-2 , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Solidão/psicologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Chin J Traumatol ; 24(4): 187-208, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33994278

RESUMO

There has been a long history since human beings began to realize the existence of post-traumatic symptoms. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a diagnostic category adopted in 1980 in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Ⅲ, described typical clusters of psychiatric symptoms occurring after traumatic events. Abundant researches have helped deepen the understanding of PTSD in terms of epidemiological features, biological mechanisms, and treatment options. The prevalence of PTSD in general population ranged from 6.4% to 7.8% and was significantly higher among groups who underwent major public traumatic events. There has been a long way in the studies of animal models and genetic characteristics of PTSD. However, the high comorbidity with other stress-related psychiatric disorders and complexity in the pathogenesis of PTSD hindered the effort to find specific biological targets for PTSD. Neuroimage was widely used to elucidate the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms of PTSD. Functional MRI studies have showed that PTSD was linked to medial prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex and sub-cortical structures like amygdala and hippocampus, and to explore the functional connectivity among these brain areas which might reveal the possible neurobiological mechanism related to PTSD symptoms. For now, cognitive behavior therapy-based psychotherapy, including combination with adjunctive medication, showed evident treatment effects on PTSD. The emergence of more effective PTSD pharmacotherapies awaits novel biomarkers from further fundamental research. Several natural disasters and emergencies have inevitably increased the possibility of suffering from PTSD in the last two decades, making it critical to strengthen PTSD research in China. To boost PTSD study in China, the following suggestions might be helpful: (1) establishing a national psychological trauma recover project, and (2) exploring the mechanisms of PTSD with joint effort and strengthening the indigenized treatment of PTSD.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Animais , Encéfalo , Comorbidade , Hipocampo , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
17.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 87(12): e0043521, 2021 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837015

RESUMO

The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a widespread weapon employed by Gram-negative bacteria for interspecies interaction in complex communities. Analogous to a contractile phage tail, the double-tubular T6SS injects toxic effectors into prokaryotic and eukaryotic neighboring cells. Although effectors dictate T6SS functions, their identities remain elusive in many pathogens. Here, we report the lysozyme-like effector TseP in Aeromonas dhakensis, a waterborne pathogen that can cause severe gastroenteritis and systemic infection. Using secretion, competition, and enzymatic assays, we demonstrate that TseP is a T6SS-dependent effector with cell wall-lysing activities, and TsiP is its cognate immunity protein. Triple deletion of tseP and two known effector genes, tseI and tseC, abolished T6SS-mediated secretion, while complementation with any single effector gene partially restored bacterial killing and Hcp secretion. In contrast to whole-gene deletions, the triple-effector inactivation in the 3effc mutant abolished antibacterial killing but not T6SS secretion. We further demonstrate that the 3effc mutation abolished T6SS-mediated toxicity of SSU to Dictyostelium discoideum amoebae, suggesting that the T6SS physical puncture is nontoxic to eukaryotic cells. These data highlight not only the necessity of possessing functionally diverse effectors for survival in multispecies communities but also that effector inactivation would be an efficient strategy to detoxify the T6SS while preserving its delivery efficiency, converting the T6SS to a platform for protein delivery to a variety of recipient cells. IMPORTANCE Delivery of cargo proteins via protein secretion systems has been shown to be a promising tool in various applications. However, secretion systems are often used by pathogens to cause disease. Thus, strategies are needed to detoxify secretion systems while preserving their efficiency. The T6SS can translocate proteins through physical puncture of target cells without specific surface receptors and can target a broad range of recipients. In this study, we identified a cell wall-lysing effector, and by inactivating it and the other two known effectors, we have built a detoxified T6SS-active strain that may be used for protein delivery to prokaryotic and eukaryotic recipient cells.


Assuntos
Aeromonas , Proteínas de Bactérias , Muramidase , Sistemas de Secreção Tipo VI , Aeromonas/genética , Aeromonas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Parede Celular , Dictyostelium , Escherichia coli/genética , Muramidase/genética , Muramidase/metabolismo , Fagocitose , Sistemas de Secreção Tipo VI/genética , Sistemas de Secreção Tipo VI/metabolismo
18.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 9034376, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927798

RESUMO

Various pharmacological agents and protective methods have been shown to reverse pneumoperitoneum-related lung injury, but identifying the best strategy is challenging. Herein, we employed lung tissues and blood samples from C57BL/6 mice with pneumoperitoneum-induced lung injury and blood samples from patients who received laparoscopic gynecological surgery to investigate the therapeutic role of hydromorphone in pneumoperitoneum-induced lung injury along with the underlying mechanism. We found that pretreatment with hydromorphone alleviated lung injury in mice that underwent CO2 insufflation, decreased the levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), total oxidant status (TOS), and oxidative stress index (OSI), and increased total antioxidant status (TAS). In addition, after pretreatment with hydromorphone, upregulated HO-1 protein expression, reduced mitochondrial DNA content, and improved mitochondrial morphology and dynamics were observed in mice subjected to pneumoperitoneum. Immunohistochemical staining also verified that hydromorphone could increase the expression of HO-1 in lung tissues in mice subjected to CO2 pneumoperitoneum. Notably, in mice treated with HO-1-siRNA, the protective effects of hydromorphone against pneumoperitoneum-induced lung injury were abolished, and hydromorphone did not have additional protective effects on mitochondria. Additionally, in clinical patients who received laparoscopic gynecological surgery, pretreatment with hydromorphone resulted in lower serum levels of club cell secretory protein-16 (CC-16) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), a lower prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB), and higher heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) activity than morphine pretreatment. Collectively, our results suggest that hydromorphone protects against CO2 pneumoperitoneum-induced lung injury via HO-1-regulated mitochondrial dynamics and may be a promising strategy to treat CO2 pneumoperitoneum-induced lung injury.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/etiologia , Dióxido de Carbono/efeitos adversos , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Hidromorfona/uso terapêutico , Dinâmica Mitocondrial/genética , Pneumoperitônio/complicações , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/fisiopatologia , Animais , Hidromorfona/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos
19.
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc ; 77(1): 107-114, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Broad hemodynamic changes, is believed to have a profoundly damaging effect on donor livers after brain death (DBD) or cardiac death (DCD). It remains unclear whether Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS), the imaging modalities to evaluate perfusion, could provide more information of liver discarded. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of DUS and CEUS to predict the risk of DBD or DCD liver discarded. METHODS: The consecutive DBD or DCD donors with DUS/CEUS examinations before surgical procurement from February 2016 to June 2018 at our institution were included. The US and CEUS images of each donor liver were analyzed and the parameters were recorded. RESULTS: Among the 67 eligible donor livers, 15 (22.4%) were discarded and 52 (77.6%) were used. The discarded livers showed prolonged SAT of hepatic artery (0.08s vs 0.06s, OR = 2.169, P = 0.008) on DUS, less cases with homogeneous enhancement (40.0% vs 73.1%, OR = 0.243, P = 0.028) on CEUS, more cases with decreased enhancement (53.3% vs 19.2%, OR = 4.800, P = 0.009), and less difference of the peak time between portal vein and liver parenchymal (0.5s vs 6.7s, OR = 0.917, P = 0.034). The multivariable analysis showed that donor liver with prolonged SAT of hepatic artery (OR = 7.304, 95% CI: 1.195-44.655, P = 0.031) and decreased enhancement (OR = 2.588, 95% CI: 1.234-5.426, P = 0.012) were independent factors of liver discarded. CONCLUSIONS: DUS/CEUS could be applied as a promising predictive tool to screen high-risk liver donors. The prolonged SAT of hepatic artery on DUS and the decrease of liver donor in enhancement on CEUS, indicating hemodynamic changes in DBD and DCD donor livers, were risk factors of liver discarded.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Ultrasound Med ; 40(9): 1927-1934, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Biliary perfusion is considered to contribute to biliary diseases, but routine imaging methods are insufficient to show it. This research investigated the ability of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for biliary perfusion in a biliary ischemia model. METHODS: This research consisted of 2 parts. First, to determine whether CEUS enhancement of the tiny biliary wall represents biliary perfusion, a vascular tracer was used as a reference to evaluate the consistency with the enhancement of the biliary wall on CEUS and the staining by the vascular tracer under the conditions of occluded and recovered biliary perfusion. In the second part, the ability of CEUS for biliary ischemia was further evaluated with microvascular density measurement as a reference. The enhancement patterns were assigned CEUS scores, in which higher scores meant more decreased enhancement, and the diagnostic ability of CEUS was assessed by a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: The biliary wall was unstained by the vascular tracer and nonenhanced on CEUS when biliary perfusion was interrupted and was stained blue and enhanced after recovery. The biliary wall in the ischemia surgery group showed lower microvascular density measurements (P < .001), decreased enhancement levels (P < .001), and higher CEUS scores (P < .001). When a CEUS score of 3 or higher (obvious decrease of the biliary wall to hypoenhancement or nonenhancement in the arterial phase or rapid wash-out to nonenhancement in the portal venous phase) was applied, CEUS had sensitivity of 87.8%, specificity of 98.3%, accuracy of 93.8%, and an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.98. CONCLUSIONS: Contrast enhancement of the biliary wall on CEUS represents biliary perfusion and has reasonably good diagnostic performance for biliary ischemia in an experimental animal setting.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Isquemia , Animais , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Curva ROC , Ultrassonografia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...