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1.
Biomaterials ; 227: 119555, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655445

RESUMO

The periosteum plays a vital role in both development and injury healing process of bone. However, few researches have focused on artificial periosteum, which was also limited by the complexity on its construction and biological risks for clinical practice. In order to tackle this issue, inspired by the structural development of periosteum, we put forward a hierarchical micro/nanofibrous bionic periosteum with sustained releasing of VEGF as exogenous vascularized fibrous layer of periosteum to induce endogenous cambium layer in vivo for complete regeneration of periosteal and bone tissue, through collagen self-assembly and micro-sol electrospinning technologies. The VEGF encapsulated in hyaluronan-PLLA core-shell structure was demonstrated to be released in a durable way for angiogenesis in fibrous layer and bone defect area. Meanwhile, the self-assembly of collagen together with electrospun fibers contributed to a hierarchical micro/nanostructure which greatly mimicked the microenvironment of extracellular matrix to provide structural and biochemical cues for cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation, and lead to the formation of cambium layer which mimicked the in-situ ossification manner as intramembranous ossification. As the motif of this study, the periosteal regeneration was characterized both by osteoblasts and periostin, which represented structural and molecular mechanisms respectively. Furthermore, the periosteal biomaterial proposed here possessed the superior abilities of scar inhibition, angiogenesis, osteogenesis to repair the bone defect in a uniform and rapid manner by inherent periosteal ossific mechanism involved in both intramembranous and endochondral ossification. Thus, the endogenous-exogenous combined bionic periosteum proved to be efficient and versatile in triggering periosteal and bone regeneration and hopefully supply a promising strategy for solving clinical issue.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(1): 24-30, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383136

RESUMO

Toxoplasma Gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan. T. gondii tachyzoites can invade nucleated host cells and inhibit their apoptosis. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to determine whether rhoptry protein 16 (ROP16) secreted by the invading T. gondii can reduce the apoptotic response of the host cell. For this purpose, a vector for in vitro overexpression of T. gondii ROP16 was constructed and used to transfect human 293T cells. Cells transfected with the vector robustly expressed ROP16, as evidenced by Western blotting. Apoptosis of 293T cells was induced by incubation with 0.5 µg/mL actinomycin D (ActD) for 24 h, and its magnitude was measured using Annexin V-FITC/PI and TUNEL assays. Cells transfected by ROP16-expressing vector were characterized by a significantly lower level of apoptosis measured by both techniques.Moreover, caspase-3 activity was also reduced. Thus, ROP16 inhibited ActD-induced apoptosis of human 293T cells, documenting the ability of this rhoptry protein to modulate apoptosis of host cells infected by T. gondii.

3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117415, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374352

RESUMO

A simple fluorescent strategy based on the formation of triple-helix molecular switch (THMS) between a signal transduction probe (STP) and an aptamer (Apt) was constructed for the determination of chloramphenicol (CAP). A weak fluorescence intensity was observed for STP solution due to the proximity of fluorophore and quencher through intramolecular DNA hybridization, causing the fluorescence quenching. The fluorescence intensity of the system was significantly enhanced after the addition of Apt. It was attributed to the formation of THMS between the Apt and STP through the Watson-Crick and Hoogsteen base pairing, resulting in the restoration of fluorescence because of the long distance between the fluorophore and quencher of STP. The fluorescence intensity of the system decreased due to the release of STP caused by the specific binding between Apt and CAP. The quantitative analysis of CAP could be achieved based on the decreased fluorescence intensity. The parameters affecting the performance of THMS including the Apt arm length, pH of buffer solution, Mg2+ concentration and the formation time of THMS were investigated in detail. Under the optimal conditions (Apt arm length of 9 bases, pH of 6.5, 2.5 × 103 µmol L-1 Mg2+, THMS formation time of 30 min), the decreased fluorescence intensity and the concentration of chloramphenicol were linear in the range of 5.0 × 10-3-2.0 × 10-1 µmol L-1 with the correlation coefficient of 0.9963. The limit of detection was 1.2 nmol L-1. Subsequently, the developed method was applied to the analysis of chloramphenicol in honey sample, and the recovery was between 84.5% and 103.0% with relative standard deviation less than 4.6%.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683665

RESUMO

Dementia is a serious public health problem. The more extensive dementia knowledge is, the more conducive it is to early prevention and treatment of dementia. However, no assessment of the general population's dementia awareness has been conducted so far in China. Thus, this study assessed the national public knowledge of dementia based on mobile internet in China. We assessed 10,562 national respondents recruited based on the most popular social networking service in China, WeChat and analyzed the data using quantitative methods. The overall correct rate of total dementia knowledge was 63.14%. Only half of the participants (50.84%) could identify risk factors accurately. The level of dementia knowledge was positively associated with high education, city residency, and experience of exposure to information on dementia. The sandwich generation (aged 20-60 years) had the highest level of dementia knowledge. Chinese people were found to have a low level of knowledge about dementia, especially those aged over 60 years, with low education and living in rural areas. Further educational programs and campaigns are needed to improve dementia knowledge, with greater focus on the older population as the target audience, emphasis on dementia risk factors as educational content, correcting misconceptions about dementia, and providing more experience of exposure to dementia.

5.
J Food Sci ; 2019 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762030

RESUMO

An aptamer-functionalized Fe3 O4 /graphene oxide was synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method and then employed in the magnetic solid-phase extraction for selective enrichment of chloramphenicol before HPLC. The aptamer was covalently bonded to the Fe3 O4 /graphene oxide complex by 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride and N-hydroxysuccinimide. Parameters affecting extraction efficiency including solution pH, extraction time and temperature, types and volume of elution solvent, and elution time were investigated in detail. Under the optimal conditions, good linearity was obtained between the peak area and analyte concentration in the range of 7.0 to 1.0 × 103  µg/L with the correlation coefficient of 0.9994. The limit of detection and quantitation were 0.24 µg/L and 0.79 µg/L, respectively. The developed method was employed to the analysis of chloramphenicol in honey and milk samples. The recoveries ranged from 80.5% to 105.0% with relative standard deviations less than 8.9%. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: An aptamer-functionalized Fe3 O4 /graphene oxide was synthesized and employed in magnetic solid phase extraction for the enrichment of chloramphenicol before HPLC. The presented assay was employed for the determination of chloramphenicol in honey and milk with satisfactory results.

6.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776449

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is notably accurate for even minimal degree of hepatic steatosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). But routine use of MRS is limited by its cost and availability. In this study, we developed a diagnostic model combining ultrasonography with biomarkers to identify mild NAFLD, with MRS as the reference standard. A total of 422 eligible subjects were enrolled. The serum levels of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), cytokeratin 18 M65ED, proteinase 3, neutrophil elastase, alpha-1 antitrypsin, and neutrophil elastase/alpha-1 antitrypsin were measured using ELISA assays. We found that among the six biomarkers, only serum FGF21 was independently associated with intrahepatic triglyceride content (IHTC, standardized ß = 0.185, P < 0.001) and was an independent risk factor for mild NAFLD. Thus, we established a Mild NAFLD Model based on FGF21, alanine transaminase, triglycerides, and body mass index. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve of the Mild NAFLD Model was 0.853 (95% confidence interval: 0.816-0.886). Furthermore, a two-step approach combining ultrasonography with the Mild NAFLD Model displayed a better sensitivity for diagnosing mild NAFLD compared with each method alone, with a sensitivity of 97.32% and a negative predictive value of 85.48%. This two-step approach combining ultrasonography and the Mild NAFLD Model derived from serum FGF21 improves the diagnosis of mild NAFLD and can be applied to the early diagnosis of NAFLD in clinical practice.

7.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4816, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645552

RESUMO

Sialic acids are a family of related sugars that play essential roles in many biological events intimately linked to cellular recognition in both health and disease. Sialidases are therefore orchestrators of cellular biology and important therapeutic targets for viral infection. Here, we sought to define if uncharacterized sialidases would provide distinct paradigms in sialic acid biochemistry. We show that a recently discovered sialidase family, whose first member EnvSia156 was isolated from hot spring metagenomes, defines an unusual structural fold and active centre constellation, not previously described in sialidases. Consistent with an inverting mechanism, EnvSia156 reveals a His/Asp active center in which the His acts as a Brønsted acid and Asp as a Brønsted base in a single-displacement mechanism. A predominantly hydrophobic aglycone site facilitates accommodation of a variety of 2-linked sialosides; a versatility that offers the potential for glycan hydrolysis across a range of biological and technological platforms.

8.
Metab Eng ; 56: 190-197, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585168

RESUMO

Efficient production of fuels and chemicals by metabolically engineered micro-organisms requires availability of precursor molecules for product pathways. In eukaryotic cell factories, heterologous product pathways are usually expressed in the cytosol, which may limit availability of precursors that are generated in other cellular compartments. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, synthesis of the precursor molecule succinyl-Coenzyme A is confined to the mitochondrial matrix. To enable cytosolic synthesis of succinyl-CoA, we expressed the structural genes for all three subunits of the Escherichia coli α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (αKGDH) complex in S. cerevisiae. The E. coli lipoic-acid scavenging enzyme was co-expressed to enable cytosolic lipoylation of the αKGDH complex, which is required for its enzymatic activity. Size-exclusion chromatography and mass spectrometry indicated that the heterologously expressed αKGDH complex contained all subunits and that its size was the same as in E. coli. Functional expression of the heterologous complex was evident from increased αKGDH activity in the cytosolic fraction of yeast cell homogenates. In vivo cytosolic activity of the αKGDH complex was tested by constructing a reporter strain in which the essential metabolite 5-aminolevulinic acid could only be synthetized from cytosolic, and not mitochondrial, succinyl-CoA. To this end HEM1, which encodes the succinyl-CoA-converting mitochondrial enzyme 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) synthase, was deleted and a bacterial ALA synthase was expressed in the cytosol. In the resulting strain, complementation of ALA auxotrophy depended on activation of the αKGDH complex by lipoic acid addition. Functional expression of a bacterial αKGDH complex in yeast represents a vital step towards efficient yeast-based production of compounds such as 1,4-butanediol and 4-aminobutyrate, whose product pathways use succinyl-CoA as a precursor.

9.
Nutrients ; 11(10)2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569380

RESUMO

Patients with metabolic syndrome are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The principal risk factor for development of metabolic syndrome is obesity, defined as a state of pathological hyperplasia or/and hypertrophy of adipose tissue. The number of mature adipocytes is determined by adipocyte differentiation from preadipocytes. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effects of curcumin on adipogenesis and the underlying mechanism. To examine cell toxicity of curcumin, 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were treated with 0-50 µM curcumin for 24, 48, or 72 h, then cell viability was measured using the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. The effect of curcumin on the cell cycle was determined by flow cytometry. Curcumin-induced cell apoptosis was determined by the TUNEL assay and curcumin-induced caspase activation was measured by immunoblotting. The effect of curcumin on adipocyte differentiation was determined by measuring mitotic clonal expansion (MCE), expression of adipogenic transcription factors, and lipid accumulation. Results showed the viability of preadipocytes was significantly decreased by treatment with 30 µM curcumin, a concentration that caused apoptosis in preadipocytes, as assessed by the TUNEL assay, and caused activation of caspases 8, 9, and 3. A non-cytotoxic dose of curcumin (15 µM) inhibited MCE, downregulated the expression of PPARγ and C/EBPα, prevented differentiation medium-induced ß-catenin downregulation, and decreased the lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In conclusion, our data show that curcumin can induce preadipocyte apoptosis and inhibit adipocyte differentiation, leading to suppression of adipogenesis.

10.
Environ Sci Technol ; 53(22): 13323-13331, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635452

RESUMO

The tapping of municipal wastewater for potable reuse significantly enhances drinking water supply in drought-stricken regions worldwide. Membrane-based potable reuse treatment trains commonly employ ultraviolet-based advanced oxidation processes (UV-AOPs) to degrade trace organic contaminants in water to produce high-quality recycled water. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is used as the default photo-oxidant. Meanwhile, chloramines, which are added to prevent biofouling, pass through the membranes and impact the treatment efficiency of UV-AOP. Water reuse facilities therefore face the dilemma of optimizing H2O2 (an added photo-oxidant) and chloramines (a carry-over photo-oxidant) doses. Utilizing a uniquely designed pilot-scale reactor and real-time recycled water, we evaluated treatment efficiencies of UV-AOP on six important indicator contaminants, with monochloramine (NH2Cl) and H2O2 as photo-oxidants. Hydroxyl radical (HO•) and reactive chlorine species, such as the chlorine atom (Cl•) and chlorine dimer (Cl2•-), were the major reactive species. Overall, radicals generated from photolysis of NH2Cl alone achieved removal of indicator compounds, which can be further improved by optimizing UV fluence, i.e., the UV dose. Furthermore, the addition of H2O2 enhanced HO• formation and improved contaminant removal. However, the addition of H2O2, when the background NH2Cl level was above 2 mg L-1 (as Cl2), provided limited improvement in treatment efficiency. These trade-offs between chloramine and H2O2 as oxidants, and the recommended optimization of the associated effective UV fluence, are critical for energy-efficient and cost-effective potable reuse to address the challenges of global water scarcity.

11.
Phys Rev E ; 100(2-1): 022703, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574769

RESUMO

Molecular simulation is used to study the effect of molecular chirality on liquid crystalline phase transition and molecular assembly behavior. Based on a flexible chain (FCh) model with helical arrangement of side beads, the phase behavior of FCh models with various molecular chiralities are studied as functions of pressure (or density). By modifying the molecular chirality of FCh, we can manipulate the relative stability of the nematic and cholesteric phases continuously; and we found that increasing molecular chirality may destabilize cholesteric order due to the effective reduction of chiral interactions. A semismectic phase is identified in the high-density region, in which the two-dimensional fluid layers overlap due to shift alignment formed by FCh particles. The global phase diagram of the FCh model is constructed and the potential energy surface is calculated to elucidate the formation of cholesteric phase in terms of two-body interactions.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630797

RESUMO

Osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) has been regarded as a central issue in fracture healing. MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) participate in diverse physiological processes such as osteoblastic differentiation of BMSCs. In this study, we found that miR-664a-5p was upregulated during osteogenic differentiation of human BMSCs, and this upregulation positively correlated with the expression of osteogenic genes Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and osteocalcin (OCN). Overexpression of miR-664a-5p promoted the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, whereas a knockdown of miR-664a-5p suppressed it. Additionally, high-mobility group A2 (HMGA2) mRNA was identified as a direct target of miR-664a-5p that mediates the function of this miRNA. Overexpression of HMGA2 obviously attenuated miR-664a-5p-induced osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Thus, the newly identified miR-664a-5p-HMGA2 pathway expands our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the osteogenic differentiation of human BMSCs, may provide deeper insights into the regulation of this differentiation, and can point to new effective methods for treating osteoporosis.

13.
Exp Physiol ; 104(11): 1711-1716, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475750

RESUMO

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Research has reported that some sensory input, such as auditory and olfactory input, can affect subliminal visual processing. However, it is important to address whether tactile input, another form of elementary sensory input, could influence the interocular rivalry process. What is the main finding and its importance? We present several pieces of evidence regarding the influences of familiar tactile shapes and temperature on continuous flash suppression. Our findings provide support for the hypothesis that there is a cross-modal effect on subconscious visual semantic processing of Chinese characters. More specifically, tactile sensations affect subliminal processing of visual information. ABSTRACT: Tactile and visual sensations are the most vital human functions for obtaining environmental information. However, whether tactile information influences visual processing remains unclear. In this study, a breaking continuous flash suppression (b-CFS) protocol was used to measure the extent to which tactile sensations facilitate visual processing subconsciously. In experiment 1, finger stimulation with cold and hot temperatures served as primers for the words 'cold' and 'hot', which were in turn suppressed by CFS. In experiment 2, subjects viewed the upright or inverted word 'cell phone', with or without tactile priming of holding a cell phone in their hand. Results demonstrated that the tactile primer significantly shortened the reaction time in the touch group compared with the control group in both experiments. Thus, the tactile sensation of a familiar article and/or temperature appears to facilitate corresponding visual semantic recognition to break CFS earlier.

14.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(45): 16297-16306, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486262

RESUMO

Supramolecular ensembles adopting ring-in-ring structures are less developed compared with catenanes featuring interlocked rings. While catenanes with inter-ring closed-shell metallophilic interactions, such as d10 -d10 AuI -AuI interactions, have been well-documented, the ring-in-ring complexes featuring such metallophilic interactions remain underdeveloped. Herein is described an unprecedented ring-in-ring structure of a AuI -thiolate Au12 cluster formed by recrystallization of a AuI -thiolate Au10 [2]catenane from alkane solvents such as hexane, with use of a bulky dibutylfluorene-2-thiolate ligand. The ring-in-ring AuI -thiolate Au12 cluster features inter-ring AuI -AuI interactions and underwent cluster core change to form the thermodynamically more stable Au10 [2]catenane structure upon dissolving in, or recrystallization from, other solvents such as CH2 Cl2 , CHCl3 , and CH2 Cl2 /MeCN. The cluster-to-cluster transformation process was monitored by 1 H NMR and ESI-MS measurements. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to provide insight into the mechanism of the "ring-in-ring⇌ [2]catenane" interconversions.

16.
J Clin Neurosci ; 69: 55-60, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416737

RESUMO

Clear cell meningiomas are uncommon tumors in the spinal canal. The clinical and radiological features, clinicopathological characteristics, treatment results, and long-term outcomes of this rare entity are still uncertain. The authors review their experience in a surgical series of 10 patients with histologically proven spinal clear cell meningioma treated at a single institution and discuss clinical features, radiological findings, and surgical outcomes. There were 3 male and 7 female patients with a mean age of 25.5 ±â€¯17.7 years. The mean follow-up period was 68.4 ±â€¯32.7 months. One tumor was in the cervical spine, 2 were in the thoracic spine, 2 were in the thoracolumbar spine, and 5 were in the lumbar or lumbosacral spine. Gross total resection of the tumor with a well-demarcated dissection plane was achieved in 9 patients, while subtotal resection was achieved in 1 patient, and no patients underwent postoperative radiotherapy. Symptoms present before surgery had improved in 9 patients at the last follow-up. Postoperative follow-up magnetic resonance imaging showed no recurrence/regrowth in the 9 patients with total removal and 1 patient with subtotal removal during the mean follow-up periods of 68.4 months and 56.0 months, respectively. Clear cell meningiomas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of young female patients with spinal tumors involving the lower thoracic, lumbar or sacral region. Although the nature of this disease is aggressive, spinal clear cell meningiomas are amenable to surgery. The risk of long-term lesion recurrence is low if complete removal can be achieved, and follow-up imaging is still needed.

17.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(37): 18717-18722, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451662

RESUMO

The contradiction between "high yielding" and "early maturing" hampers further improvement of annual rice yield. Here we report the positional cloning of a major maturity duration regulatory gene, Early flowering-completely dominant (Ef-cd), and demonstrate that natural variation in Ef-cd could be used to overcome the above contradictory. The Ef-cd locus gives rise to a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) antisense transcript overlapping the OsSOC1 gene. Ef-cd lncRNA expression positively correlates with the expression of OsSOC1 and H3K36me3 deposition. Field test comparisons of early maturing Ef-cd near-isogenic lines with their wild types as well as of the derivative early maturing hybrids with their wild-type hybrids conducted under different latitudes determined that the early maturing Ef-cd allele shortens maturity duration (ranging from 7 to 20 d) without a concomitant yield penalty. Ef-cd facilitates nitrogen utilization and also improves the photosynthesis rate. Analysis of 1,439 elite hybrid rice varieties revealed that the 16 homozygotes and 299 heterozygotes possessing Ef-cd matured significantly earlier. Therefore, Ef-cd could be a vital contributor of elite early maturing hybrid varieties in balancing grain yield with maturity duration.

18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(16)2019 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405244

RESUMO

The intelligent inspection of power lines and other difficult-to-access structures and facilities has been greatly enhanced by the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), which allow inspection in a safe, efficient, and high-quality fashion. This paper analyzes the characteristics of a scene containing power equipment and the operation mode of UAVs. A low-cost virtual scene is created, and a training sample for the power-line components is generated quickly. Taking a vibration-damper as the main object, an assembled detector based on geometrical constraint (ADGC) is proposed and is used to analyze the virtual dataset. The geometric positional relationship is used as the constraint, and the Faster R-CNN, Deformable Part Model (DPM), and Haar cascade classifiers are combined, which allows the features of different classifiers, such as contour, shape, and texture to be fully used. By combining the characteristics of virtual data and real data using UAV images, the power components are detected by the ADGC. The result produced by the detector with relatively good performance can help expand the training set and achieve a better detection model. Moreover, this method can be smoothly transferred to other power-line facilities and other power-line scenarios.

19.
Brain Behav ; 9(9): e01372, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386307

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify deletions, duplications, and point mutations in 55 previously reported genes associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) and certain genes associated with tremor, spinocerebellar ataxia, and dystonia in a Han Chinese pedigree with early-onset Parkinson's disease (EOPD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical examinations and genomic analyses were performed on six subjects belonging to three generations of a Han Chinese family. Target region capture and high-throughput sequencing were used to screen these genes associated with PD, tremor, spinocerebellar ataxia, and dystonia. The multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) method was applied to detect rearrangements in PARK2 exons. Direct Sanger sequencing of samples from all subjects further verified the detected abnormal PRKRA, SPTBN2, and ATXN2 gene fragments. RESULTS: Two family members were diagnosed with PD based on the clinical manifestations, imaging analyses. PARK2 gene heterozygous deletion of exon 3 and heterozygous duplication of exon 6 were identified in them (II-3 and 4). A single heterozygous deletion of exon 3 in PARK2 was detected in II-5 and III-10. A single duplication of exon 6 in PARK2 was detected in I1. Both the heterozygous mutation c.2834G>A (p. R945H) in exon 16 and the heterozygous mutation c.1924 C>T (p. R642W) in exon 14 of the SPTBN2 gene were identified in II-3, II-4, and III-10. The heterozygous mutation c.2989 C>T (p. R997X) in exon 24 of the ATXN2 gene was detected in II-4 and II-5, and the heterozygous mutation c.170 C>A (p. S57Y) in exon 2 of the PRKRA gene was detected in II-3, II-4, and III-10. Other mutations in some genes associated with PD, tremor, spinocerebellar ataxia, and dystonia were not detected. CONCLUSIONS: Novel compound heterozygous mutations were identified in a Han Chinese pedigree and might represent a cause of EOPD.

20.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 103(4): 585-589, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428844

RESUMO

This study investigated the growth, apoptosis and oxidative stress of the cyanobacterium Microcystis viridis exposed to glyphosate. Results showed that growth parameters, namely, cell destiny, chlorophyll a content, and protein content, were affected by glyphosate. The viability of the treated cells was monitored to further investigate the toxicity of glyphosate on M. viridis. After 24 and 48 h of exposure, glyphosate enhanced superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration. The decrease in the MDA concentration might be caused by the enhanced SOD activity. This study helped elucidate the toxic effects of glyphosate on cyanobacteria and contributed to environmental assessment and protection.

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